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1) The simple past tense: (Thì quá khứ đơn)

(+) (-) (?)


- S + V2/ V-ed - S + didn’t + V1… - Did + S + V1...?
- S + was/ were - S + wasn’t /weren’t… - Was / were + S...?
Dấu hiệu nhận biết:
- Ago (cách đây)
- Yesterday (hôm qua)
- Last (vừa rồi)
- in + năm ở quá khứ
Exercise 2: Simple past tense of verbs
To be: To be:
1) She ____________ sick 2 days ago. 1) We ____________ free yesterday.
2) They ____________ students 10 years ago. 2) He ____________ at work yesterday.
3) I ____________ busy yesterday. 3) Mr. Kim ____________ very happy last
4) Lan and Ba ____________ at home last night.
week. 4) Long and Tan ____________ bad students
5) Their father ____________ out last night. 2 years ago.
5) Where ___________ you yesterday?
Irregular verbs: Ordinary verbs:
1) She ______________ a new cap yesterday. 1) I ___________________ soccer last
(buy) month. (play)
2) They ______________ home late last 2) We __________________ some flowers in
night. (go) the garden yesterday. (plant)
3) He ____________a good movie 2 days 3) My mom __________________ at a local
ago. (see) library 2 years ago. (work)
4) We ______________ this door green last 4) She ______ there 20 years ago. (live)
week. (repaint) 5) They ___________ in Hanoi last week.
5) She ______________ a meeting yesterday. (arrive)
(have)

2) Verb Noun: (Cách biến đổi động từ sang danh từ và ngược lại)

- cycle  cyclist - run  runner


- type  typist - invent  inventor
- play  player - act  actor / actress
- teach  teacher - perform  performer
- work  worker - participate  participant
- drive  driver - cook  cook
- swim  swimmer

3) Adj Adv: (Cách biến đổi tính từ sang trạng từ và ngược lại)

- careful  carefully - good  well


- careless  carelessly - hard  hard
- solf  solfly - fast  fast
- quick  quickly - late  late
- safe  safely - early  early
- slow  slowly
- bad badly
- skillful  skillfully
- sudden  suddenly
- dangerous  dangerously
- quiet  quietly
- surprising  surprisingly
- beautiful beautifully

Exercise 6: Adj  Adv / Noun  Verb


1) He is a good cook.
He ...............................................................................................................................
2) They are skillful tennis players.
They ............................................................................................................................
3) She is a good teacher.
She ..............................................................................................................................
4) I am a good diver.
I ...................................................................................................................................
5) We are careful drivers.
We ..............................................................................................................................
6) He teaches English well.
He ...............................................................................................................................
7) She speaks French fluently.
She ..............................................................................................................................
8) I cycle my bike safely.
I ...................................................................................................................................
9) They listen to their teacher quietly.
They ............................................................................................................................
10) He acts well.
He ...............................................................................................................................
Exercise 7: Like… better than  prefer …to..
1) I like walking better than taking a bus.
-> I prefer ………………………………………..
2) She likes listening to music better than watching TV.
-> She prefers ……………………………………….
3) We like playing tennis better than skipping.
-> We prefer ……………………………………….
4) They like collecting stamps better than playing sports.
-> They prefer ……………………………………….
5) He likes helping old people better than cleaning the house.
-> He prefers .........................................................................
Exercise 8: should  ought to / shouldn’t  ought not to
1) You should finish your homework before playing video games.
-> ...........................................................................................
2) You shouldn’t spend much money on video games.
-> ...........................................................................................
3) You should take part in outdoor activities with friends.
-> ...........................................................................................
4) You should develop your social skill.
-> ...........................................................................................
5) You shouldn’t arrive home late at night.
-> ...........................................................................................
6) You should eat plenty of fruit and vegetables.
-> ...........................................................................................
7) You should help you mom.
-> ...........................................................................................
8) You should study hard.
-> ...........................................................................................
9) You shouldn’t be lazy.
-> ...........................................................................................
10) You shouldn’t play games too much.
-> ...........................................................................................