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Product Handbook of High–Performance Alloys

Product Handbook
of High-Performance Alloys
Nickel NIMONIC
2 Nickel 200 2 5 NIMONIC alloy 75
Special Metals Corporation is the world's leading
2 Nickel 201 26 NIMONIC alloy 80A
developer and manufacturer of nickel alloys. We
3 Nickel 212 26 NIMONIC alloy 86 Notes on offer the industry's widest range of products, all backed
3 Nickel 270 27 NIMONIC alloy 90
4 duraNickel alloy 301 27 NIMONIC alloy 105
Product Handbook Data by over 100 years of experience in nickel alloy technology.
28 NIMONIC alloy 115 Most of our products are used for corrosion-resistance
MONEL Property data contained in this
28 NIMONIC alloy 263
4 MONEL alloy 400 publication are typical of the materials or strength at high temperatures. Some are specified for
29 NIMONIC alloy 901
5 MONEL alloy R-405 described but are not suitable for physical properties such as electrical resistance, controlled
29 NIMONIC alloy PE11
specifications unless given as
5 MONEL alloy K-500 30 NIMONIC alloy PE16 thermal expansion or magnetic characteristics. This
limiting. Values for properties are
INCONEL 30 NIMONIC alloy PK33
expressed in both U.S. customary publication outlines the availability of over 90, mostly
6 Inconel alloy 600 BRIGHTRAY units and the International System nickel base, alloy compositions, of which over 80% were
6 Inconel alloy 601 31 BRIGHTRAY alloy B of Units (SI). Values may have been created in our own laboratories.
7 Inconel alloy 617 31 BRIGHTRAY alloy C measured in either system or may
7 Inconel alloy 625 32 BRIGHTRAY alloy F be rounded conversions from those Manufacturing
8 Inconel alloy 625LCF 32 BRIGHTRAY alloy S or other systems. Alloying processes include electric arc, air induction and
8 Inconel alloy 686 33 BRIGHTRAY alloy 35 Mechanical properties are for vacuum induction melting. A few of our most specialized
9 Inconel alloy 690 usual product sizes and may not superalloys are made by the mechanical alloying process.
9 Inconel alloy 693 NILO represent large or small sections.
10 3 3
Refining facilities include AOD and vacuum refining, and
Inconel alloy 706 NILO alloy 36 Some rupture-strength values were
10 Inconel alloys 718 & 718SPF 34 NILO alloy 42 derived from the Larson-Miller vacuum arc and electroslag remelting. Hot working
11 Inconel alloy 725 34 NILO alloy 48 parameter and may not be the includes forging, hot rolling and extrusion. Cold working
11 Inconel alloy 740 35 NILO alloy K results of actual tests under covers rolling, drawing and pilgering. For technical assis-
12 Inconel alloy X-750 stated conditions.
12 Inconel alloy 751 Other Alloys tance, please contact any SMC Marketing Department
Property data are room- location to review your specific alloy application.
13 Inconel alloy 783 3 5 FERRY alloy
temperature values unless
3 6 NILOMAG alloy 77
13 Inconel alloy 22
36 NI-SPAN-C alloy 902
otherwise noted. Quality Standards
14 INCONEL alloy C-276
14 INCONEL alloy G-3 37 Waspaloy Publication No. SMC-035 All of our operations, in the U.S.A. and Great Britain,
1 5 INCONEL alloy HX 37 UDIMET alloy 188 work to quality management standards audited and certi-
Copyright © 2008
1 5 INCONEL alloy N06230 38 UDIMET alloy L-605
by Special Metals Corporation fied to ISO 9001, to produce alloy compositions and forms
38 UDIMET alloy 520
BRIGHTRAY, CORRONEL, DEPOLARIZED,
to national and internationally recognized standards, or
INCOLOY 39 UDIMET alloy 720
39 UDIMET alloy D-979 DURANICKEL, FERRY, INCOBAR, to customers' own specifications.
16 Incoloy alloy 800
INCOCLAD, INCO-CORED, INCOFLUX,
16 Incoloy alloys 800H & 800HT
40 UDIMET alloy R41
INCOLOY, INCONEL, INCOTEST,
Distribution
40 UDIMAR alloy 250
17 Incoloy alloy 803
41 UDIMAR alloy 300 INCOTHERM, INCO-WELD, KOTHERM, Available direct from the manufacturer, most of our
17 Incoloy alloy 825 MAXORB, MONEL, NILO, NILOMAG, products are also supplied from distributor stocks in most
41 INCOTHERM alloy TD
18 Incoloy alloy 864 NIMONIC, NIOTHERM, NI-ROD, NI-SPAN-C,
18 Incoloy alloy 865
of the industrialized countries of the world. For a list of
RESISTOHM, UDIMAR, UDIMET,
19 Incoloy alloy 903 625LCF, 686CPT, 718SPF, 725NDUR and 800HT are SMC worldwide distributors, please contact any SMC
19 Incoloy alloy 907 trademarks of the Special Metals Corporation location or office.
20 Incoloy alloy 909 group of companies.
APPENDIX Additional Information
20 Incoloy alloy 925 44 Welding Products
21 Incoloy alloy 945 Comprehensive product data sheets and bulletins on
46 Units of Measure Conversions
21 Incoloy alloy DS
47 Hardness Correlations
Special Metals High-Performance Alloys are available via
22 INCOLOY alloy 20 phone or fax from the offices listed on the back cover and
48 Comparison of Gauges
22 INCOLOY alloy 28
23 INCOLOY alloy 330
48 Standard Pipe Sizes are also posted on our website www.specialmetals.com.
23 INCOLOY alloy 25-6MO
49 Temperature Conversions
Special Metals Corporation produces high-performance Technical and commercial inquiries may be entered on the
24 INCOLOY alloy 25-6HN nickel-base alloys at (top to bottom) website as well.
24 INCOLOY alloy 27-7MO New Hartford, NY and Huntington, WV, U.S.A.,
25 INCOLOY alloy A-286 and Hereford, United Kingdom.
Nickel 200 Nickel 201 Nickel 212 Nickel 270

Commercially pure (99.6%) wrought nickel with Commercially pure (99.6%) wrought nickel Wrought nickel strengthened with an addition A high-purity grade of nickel made by powder
good mechanical properties and resistance to a essentially the same as Nickel 200 but with a of manganese. Used for electrical and electronic metallurgy. It has a low base hardness and high
range of corrosive media. Good thermal, electri- lower carbon content to prevent embrittlement applications such as lead wires, supporting com- ductility. Its extreme purity is useful for compo-
cal, and magnetostrictive properties. Used for by intergranular carbon at temperatures over ponents in lamps and cathode-ray tubes, and nents of hydrogen thyratrons. It is also used for
a variety of processing equipment, particularly 600°F (315°C). Lower carbon content also re- electrodes in glow-discharge lamps. electrical resistance thermometers.
to maintain product purity in handling foods, duces hardness, making Nickel 201 particularly
synthetic fibers, and alkalies. suitable for cold-formed items.

Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar,
Wire. Strip, round bar and wire.
Product Forms forging stock, hexagon and wire. forging stock, hexagon and wire. Standard
UNS N02200 ASME Code Case 2249 UNS N02201 ASME Code Case 2249 Product Forms
BS 3072 – 3076 (NA11) DIN 17740, 17750 – 17754 BS 3072 – 3074 (NA12) SAE AMS 5553
ASTM B 160 – B 163, B 366, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4060, 2.4066 ASTM B 160 – B 163, B 366, DIN 17740, 17750 – 17754
Major B 564, B 725, B 730, ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725 B 725, B 730, B 751, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4061, 2.4068 DIN 17741, 17750 – 17753 UNS N02270 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4050
Specifications B 751, B 775, B 829 B 775, B 829 VdTÜV 345 Major Werkstoff Nr. 2.4110 ASTM F 3
ASME SB-160 – SB-163, ASME SB-160 – SB-163, ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725 Specifications
SB-366, SB-564, SB-725, SB-366, SB-725, SB-730,
SB-730, SB-751, SB-775, SB-829 SB-751, SB-775, SB-829
Limiting Nia ......97.0 min. C........0.10 max. Mg.....0.20 max. Nia ......99.9 min. Mn....0.003 max. Ti.......0.005 max.
Limiting Nia ......99.0 min. Mn.....0.35 max. S........0.01 max. Nia ......99.0 min. Mn.....0.35 max. S........0.01 max. Chemical Mn....... 1.5 – 2.5 Cu......0.20 max. Cu......0.01 max. C........ 0.02 max. Mg....0.005 max.
Chemical Cu......0.25 max. C........0.15 max. Cu......0.25 max. C........0.02 max.
Composition, Fe......0.25 max. Si.......0.20 max. Fe......0.05 max. S.......0.003 max. Si......0.005 max.
Fe......0.40 max. Si.......0.35 max. Fe......0.40 max. Si.......0.35 max.
Composition, % a
Plus Co. a
Plus Co.
% a
Plus Co. a
Plus Co.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.320 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.322


Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.321 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.321 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.86 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.91
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.89 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.89
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2615 – 2635 Melting Point, °F.......................................................2650
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2615 – 2635 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2615 – 2635 °C........................................ 1435 – 1446 °C......................................................1454
°C........................................ 1435 – 1446 °C........................................ 1435 – 1446
Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb • °F..........................................0.103 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.110
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.109 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.109 Physical J/kg • °C...............................................430 J/kg • °C...............................................460
Constants J/kg • °C...............................................456 J/kg • °C...............................................456
Constants Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.2 Permeability.............................................. Ferromagnetic
and Thermal Curie Temperature, °F................................................680
°C ...............................................360
Curie Temperature, °F................................................680
°C ...............................................360 and Thermal 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.9 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.4
Properties Permeability.............................................. Ferromagnetic Permeability.............................................. Ferromagnetic Properties Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................305 20 – 95°C, µm/m • °C........13.3
W/m•°C..................................44.0 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................595
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.4 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.3 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft..............................66 W/m • °C....................................86
21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.3 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.1 µΩ•m......................................0.109
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft..............................45
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................487 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................550 µΩ•m......................................0.075
W/m•°C..................................70.2 W/m•°C..................................79.3
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft..............................58 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft..............................51
µΩ•m......................................0.096 µΩ•m......................................0.085

(Annealed) (Annealed) (Annealed)


Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................50
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................67 Tensile Strength, ksi..................................................58.5 Typical MPa.................................................345
MPa.................................................462 MPa.................................................403 Mechanical Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................16
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ..............................21.5
MPa..............................148
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................15 Properties MPa..............................110
MPa..............................103
Typical Elongation, %...............................................................47 Elongation, %...............................................................50
Elongation, %...............................................................50
Mechanical 0 100 200 300 400
Temperature, °C
500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Properties 120
800
120
Nickel 201 (Annealed)
800
Nickel 200 (Annealed)
100 700 100 700
Elongation, %
Elongation, %

600 600
80 80
Stress, MPa

500
Stress, MPa

500
Elongation Tensile Strength
60 400 60 Elongation 400
Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

300 300
40 40
Yield Strength Tensile Strength
(0.2% Offset) 200 Yield Strength 200
20 20 (0.2% Offset)
100 100

0 0 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F Temperature, °F
Typical usage range
2 3
DURANICKEL® alloy 301 MONEL® alloy 400 MONEL® alloy R-405 MONEL® alloy K-500

An age-hardened alloy that combines the excellent A nickel-copper alloy with high strength and The free-machining version of MONEL alloy A precipitation-hardenable nickel-copper alloy
corrosion resistance characteristics of Nickel 200 excellent corrosion resistance in a range of 400. A controlled amount of sulfur is added to that combines the corrosion resistance of
with the added advantages of greater strength and media including sea water, hydrofluoric acid, the alloy to provide sulfide inclusions that act MONEL alloy 400 with greater strength and
hardness. The alloy is used for springs requiring hardness. It also has low permeability and is
sulfuric acid, and alkalies. Used for marine as chip breakers during machining. Other nonmagnetic to temperatures as low as -150°F
high electrical conductivity, parts of equipment
requiring good thermal conductivity, and magne- engineering, chemical and hydrocarbon process- characteristics are essentially the same as those (-101°C). Used for pump shafts, oil-well tools
tostrictive units which are operated under stress ing equipment, valves, pumps, shafts, fittings, of MONEL alloy 400. Used for meter and valve and instruments, doctor blades and scrapers,
conditions for which the fatigue strength of Nickel fasteners, and heat exchangers. parts, fasteners, and screw-machine products. springs, valve trim, fasteners, and marine pro-
200 is inadequate. peller shafts.
Standard Round bar, hexagon and wire. Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar,
Round bar and wire. Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, hexagon and wire.
Standard forging stock, hexagon and wire.
Product Forms
Product Forms
UNS N04405 SAE AMS 4674, 7234 UNS N05500 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4375
UNS N03301 UNS N04400 AECMA Pr EN 2305 NACE MR-01-75 QQ-N 281 BS 3072 – 3076 (NA18) QQ-N 286
BS 3072 – 3076 (NA13) SAE AMS 4544, 4574, Major ASTM B 164 MIL-N-894 ASTM B 865 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156
ASTM B 127, B 163 – B 165, 4675, 4730, 4731, 7233 Specifications ASME SB-164 SAE AMS 4676 ISO 6208, 9723 – 9725
Major B 366, B 564, B 725, B 730, DIN 17743, 17750 – 17754 DIN 17743, 17752 –17754 ASME Code Case 1192
B 751, B 775, B 829 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4360,
Specifications ASME SB-127, SB-163 – SB-165, 2.4361

SB-366, SB-564, SB-725, VdTÜV 263


Nia ......63.0 min. S.....0.025 – 0.060 Si.........0.5 max. Nia ......63.0 min. Ti........ 0.35-0.85 Mn.......1.5 max.
SB-730, SB-751, SB-775, QQ-N 281 Limiting Cu....28.0 – 34.0 Mn.......2.0 max. Cu.... 27.0 – 33.0 Fe........2.0 max. S........0.01 max.
SB-829 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 Chemical Fe........2.5 max. C..........0.3 max. Al..... 2.30 – 3.15 C........0.25 max. Si.........0.5 max.
Limiting Nia ......93.0 min. Cu......0.25 max. Si.......1.00 max. Nia ......63.0 min. Mn.......2.0 max. Si.........0.5 max. Composition, a
Plus Co. a
Plus Co.
Chemical
Mn.....0.50 max. Fe......0.60 max. S........0.01 max. Cu.....28.0 – 34.0 C..........0.3 max. %
Ti...... 0.25 – 1.00 C........0.30 max. Al.....4.00 – 4.75 Fe........2.5 max. S......0.024 max.
Composition, a
Plus Co. a Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.318 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.305
Plus Co.
% g/cm3 ...........................................................8.80 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.44
Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3) . ........................................0.296 (8.19) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.318 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2370 – 2460 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2400 – 2460
°C........................................ 1300 – 1350 °C........................................ 1315 – 1350
Melting Range, °F (°C)................2550 – 2620 (1400 – 1440) g/cm3 ...........................................................8.80
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.102 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C).......................0.104 (435) Melting Range, °F......................................... 2370 – 2460
°C........................................ 1300 – 1350
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................427 J/kg • °C...............................................419
Curie TemperatureA, °F (°C)......................................200 (95)
Permeability at 200 OerstedA (15.9 kA/m)..................... 10.58 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.102
Constants Curie Temperature, °F........................................70 – 120
Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -150
°C ............................................. -100
Coefficient of ExpansionA, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) J/kg • °C...............................................427 and Thermal °C ........................................20 – 50
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.002
70-200°F (21–93°C)..............7.2 (13.0) Curie Temperature, °F........................................70 – 120 Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.6
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.6
°C . .......................................20 – 50 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.7 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.7
Physical 70-500°F (21–260°C)............7.7 (13.9)
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................151
70-800°F (21–427°C)............8.0 (14.4) Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.7 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................121
Constants 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.9 W/m•°C..................................21.8 W/m • °C.................................17.5
70-1000°F (21–538°C)..........8.2 (14.8)
and Thermal 70-1200°F (21–650°C)..........8.5 (15.3) Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................151 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................307 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................370
µΩ•m......................................0.510 µΩ•m......................................0.615
Properties 70-1400°F (21–760°C)..........8.8 (15.9)
W/m•°C..................................21.8
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................329 Young's Modulus at RT, 103 ksi.....................................26
Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F (W/m•°C)......165(23.8)
µΩ•m......................................0.547
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft (µΩ • m)....255 (0.424)
Young's ModulusA 106 psi (GPa).............................30.0 (207) (Annealed) (Precipitation Hardened)
Poisson's RatioA ............................................................. 0.31 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................80 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................160
HardnessA, HRC ........................................................ 30 – 42 MPa.................................................550 MPa..............................................1100
A
Room temperature, as aged. Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................35 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ...............................115
MPa..............................240 MPa.............................790
(Annealed)
Typical
Temperature, °C Elongation, %...............................................................40 Elongation, %...............................................................20
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................80 Mechanical
200
MPa................................................550 Temperature, ∞C

180
Duranickel alloy 301 1300
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................35
Properties 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
1200
MPa.............................240 240
1600
160 1100 MONEL alloy K-500 (Precipitation Hardened)
Tensile Strength
1000
Elongation, %...............................................................40 200 1400
Elongation, %

Elongation, %
140 Temperature, °C
900 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200
120 160
Stress, MPa

800 120

Typical Yield Strength 800


Tensile Strength

Stress, MPa
(0.2% Offset) MONEL alloy 400 (Annealed) 1000
100 700 700
100
Mechanical 120
Elongation, %

600 800
Stress, ksi

Tensile Strength 600


80 80
Properties

Stress, ksi
500 Yield Strength 600
Stress, MPa

500
80 (0.2% Offset)
60 400 60 Elongation 400 400
300
40
Stress, ksi

40 300
Elongation 40 200
200 Elongation
200
20
100 20
100
0 0
Yield Strength
(0.2% Offset) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 Temperature, ∞F
Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F Typical usage range
Typical usage range Typical usage range

4 5
INCONEL® alloy 600 INCONEL® alloy 601 INCONEL® alloy 617 INCONEL® alloy 625
A nickel-chromium alloy with an addition of
A nickel-chromium alloy with good oxidation A nickel-chromium-cobalt-molybdenum alloy A nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy with an
aluminum for outstanding resistance to oxidation with an exceptional combination of metallurgical
resistance at high temperatures and resistance addition of niobium that acts with the molyb-
and other forms of high-temperature corrosion. stability, strength, and oxidation resistance at high
to chloride-ion stress-corrosion cracking, corro- denum to stiffen the alloy's matrix and thereby
It also has high mechanical properties at elevated temperatures. Resistance to oxidation is enhanced
sion by high-purity water, and caustic corrosion. provide high strength without a strengthening
temperatures. Used for industrial furnaces; heat- by an aluminum addition. The alloy also resists a
Used for furnace components, in chemical and heat treatment. The alloy resists a wide range of
treating equipment such as baskets, muffles, and wide range of corrosive aqueous environments.
food processing, in nuclear engineering, and for Used in gas turbines for combustion cans, duct- severely corrosive environments and is espe-
retorts; petrochemical and other process equip-
sparking electrodes. ing, and transition liners; for petrochemical pro- cially resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion.
ment; and gas-turbine components.
cessing; for heat-treating equipment; and in nitric Used in chemical processing, aerospace and ma-
acid production. rine engineering, pollution-control equipment,
and nuclear reactors.
Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar,
forging stock, hexagon, wire and extruded section. forging stock, hexagon and wire.
Product Forms Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar,
forging stock, hexagon, wire and extruded section. forging stock, hexagon, wire and extruded section.
UNS N06600 SAE AMS 5540, 5580, UNS N06601 ASME Code Case 1500 Product Forms
BS 3072 – 3076 (NA14) 5665, 5687 ASTM B 166 – B 168, B 751, DIN 17742, 17750 – 17754 UNS N06617 ASME Code Cases 1956, UNS N06625 SAE AMS 5581, 5599, 5666,
ASTM B 163, B 166 – B 168, DIN 17742, 17750 – 17754 B 775, B 829 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4851 ASTM B 166, B 168, B 546, B 564 1982 ASTM B 366, B 443, B 444, 5837, 5869, MAM 5599
B 366, B 516, B 517, B 564, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4816 ASME SB-166 – SB-168, EN 10095 Major ASME SB-166, SB-168, SB-546, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4663a B 446, B 564, B 704, BS 3072, 3074, 3076 (NA21)
Major B 751, B 775, B 829 VdTÜV 305 SB-751, SB-775, SB-829 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723-9725 Specifications SB-564 VdTÜV 485 B 705, B 751, B 775, B 829 DIN 17744, 17750 – 17754
ASME SB-163, SB-166 – SB-168, NACE MR-01-75 SAE AMS 5887 – 5889 ISO 6207, 6208, 9724 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4856
ASME SB-366, SB-443, SB-444,
Specifications SB-366, SB-516, SB-517, QQ-W 390 DIN 17744, 17750-17754 SB-446, SB-564, SB-704, NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156
SB-564, SB-751, SB-775, EN 10095 SB-705, SB-751, SB-775, VdTÜV 499, EN 10095
Ni........44.5 min. C......0.05 – 0.15 Ti . .......0.6 max.
SB-829 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 –9725, Limiting Cr . .. 20.0 – 24.0 Fe .......3.0 max. Cu .......0.5 max. SB-829 ISO NW6625, ISO 6207,
ASME Code Cases 1827, N-20, 4955A Chemical Co.... 10.0 – 15.0 Mn.......1.0 max. ASME Code Case 1935 6208, 9723 – 9725, 4955A
B .....0.006 max.
N-253, N-576 Mo .... 8.0 – 10.0 Si.........1.0 max.
Composition, Al ........ 0.8 – 1.5 S .....0.015 max.
Ni........58.0 min. Fe .......5.0 max. Al ......0.40 max.
Ni..... 58.0 – 63.0 Fe.... Remainder Si.......0.50 max. % Cr . .. 20.0 – 23.0 C........0.10 max. Ti . .....0.40 max.
Limiting Nia ......72.0 min. C........0.15 max. Si.........0.5 max.
Mo..... 8.0 – 10.0 Mn ....0.50 max. P .....0.015 max.
Cr..... 14.0 – 17.0 Mn.......1.0 max. Cu........0.5 max. Cr . .. 21.0 – 25.0 C .......0.10 max. S .....0.015 max.
Chemical Fe...... 6.0 – 10.0 S......0.015 max. Al ........ 1.0 – 1.7 Mn.......1.0 max. Cu .......1.0 max. Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.302 Nba . ..3.15 – 4.15 Si.......0.50 max. Co b .....1.0 max.
Composition, a
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.36 a
Plus Ta. S......0.015
max. b
If determined.
Plus Co.
% Melting Range, °F......................................... 2430 – 2510
Density, Ib/in . ........................................................0.305
3
°C........................................ 1330 – 1380
g/cm3 ..........................................................8.44
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.306 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.293 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2350 – 2460
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.47 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.11 J/kg • °C.............................................419
Physical °C........................................ 1290 – 1350
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2470 – 2575 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2480 – 2571 Coefficient of Expansion, 78 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....6.4 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.098
°C........................................ 1354 – 1413 °C........................................ 1360 – 1411 Constants 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......11.6 J/kg • °C...............................................410
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.106 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.107 and Thermal Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................94 Curie Temperature, °F............................................ <-320
J/kg • °C...............................................444 J/kg • °C...............................................448 Properties W/m • °C.................................13.6
Physical °C .......................................... <-196
Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -192 Curie Temperature, °F............................................ <-320 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................736 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0006
Constants °C ............................................. -124 °C . ......................................... <-196 µΩ•m........................................1.22 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....7.1
and Thermal Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.010 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.003 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........12.8
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.4 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F . ..7.60 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................68
21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.3 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......13.75 W/m•°C....................................9.8
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................103 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................78 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................776
W/m•°C..................................14.9 W/m•°C..................................11.2 µΩ • m......................................1.29
Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................620 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................717
µΩ•m........................................1.03 µΩ•m........................................1.19 (Solution Annealed) (Solution Annealed)
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
(Annealed) (Solution Annealed)
1200°F / 650°C........................................ 47.0 320 1200°F / 650°C................................ 52.0 360
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................95 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa 1400°F / 760°C . ..................................... 22.0 150 1400°F / 760°C . ............................. 23.0 160
MPa.................................................655 1200°F / 650°C........................................ 28.0 195 1600°F / 870°C........................................ 8.4 58 1600°F / 870°C................................ 7.2 50
1400°F / 760°C . ..................................... 9.1 63 1800°F / 980°C........................................ 3.6 25
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................45 1800°F / 980°C................................ 2.6 18
1600°F / 870°C........................................ 4.3 30 2000°F / 1095°C........................................ 1.5 10
MPa..............................310 1800°F / 980°C........................................ 2.1 14 Tem perature,ºC
Temperature, °C
Elongation, %...............................................................40 2000°F / 1095°C........................................ 1.0 7 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Temperature, °C
0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Typical 120
INCONEL alloy 617 (Solution Annealed)
800
240
INCONEL alloy 625 (Solution Annealed)
1600

Typical 120
800
120
800 Mechanical 100 700 200 1400

Elongation,%
INCONEL alloy 600 (Annealed)

Elongation, %
Tensile Strength
Mechanical 100 700 100
Tensile Strength 700
Properties 600 Tensile Strengt 1200
Elongation, %

160
Elongation, %

80
Properties 600 600 Elongation 1000

Stress, MPa

a
500
80 80
Tensile Strength 120 iel Strengt

Stress,
Stress, MPa

500 60
Stress, MPa

500 Yield Strength 400 800


(0.2% Offset)
0 2% set
60 60

Stress,ksi
400 400

Stress, ksi
300 600
Elongation 40 80
Stress, ksi

Stress, ksi

300 Elongation 300


40 40 200 400
Yield Strength Elongation
200 200 20 (0.2% Offset) 40
100 200
20 20
Yield Strength 100 INCONEL alloy 601 100
(0.2% Offset) 0 0 0
(Solution Annealed) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0
0 0 0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F Tem perature,ºF
Temperature, °F Typical usage range
6 7
INCONEL® alloy 625LCF® INCONEL® alloy 686 INCONEL® alloy 690 INCONEL® alloy 693

A nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy that An alloy designed for outstanding corrosion-re- INCONEL alloy 690 is a high-chromium nickel A nickel-chromium-aluminum alloy offering the
was developed as a fatigue-resistant bellows- sistance in a wide range of severe environments. alloy having excellent resistance to many cor- best resistance to metal dusting of any available
quality version of INCONEL alloy 625. Alloy- The alloy is used in the most severe environ- rosive aqueous media and high-temperature conventional alloy. Alloy 693 also offers excep-
ing, melting and processing of this alloy are ments encountered in chemical processing, pol- atmospheres. The alloy's high chromium tional resistance to oxidation and carburization
specially designed and controlled to provide lution control, pulp and paper production, and content gives it excellent resistance to aque- at temperatures up to 2100°F (1150°C) with
a sheet product with optimum resistance to treatment of industrial and municipal wastes. ous corrosion by oxidizing acids (especially excursions to even higher temperatures. The
low-cycle and thermal fatigue at temperatures Chemical processing uses include heat exchang- nitric acid) and salts, and to sulfidation at alloy’s ability to resist metal dusting is especially
up to 1200°F (650°C). Used in aircraft exhaust ers, reaction vessels, evaporators, and transfer high-temperatures. In addition to its corrosion useful in systems used to reform hydrogen and
and automotive flexible coupling bellows, and piping. Air pollution control applications are resistance, alloy 690 has high strength, good generate synthesis gas for various industries in-
expansion joints in various types of process or stack liners, ducts, dampers, scrubbers, stack-gas metallurgical stability, and favorable fabrica- cluding gas to liquid fuel production. Alloy 693
transport piping. re-heaters, fans, and housings. tion characteristics. is protected by U.S. Patent Number 4,882,125.

Standard Sheet and strip. Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, forging stock, Standard Pipe, tube, plate, round bar and forging stock. Plate, sheet, strip, bar, seamless tubes and pipes.

Product Forms hexagon and wire. Product Forms


UNS N06690 ASME SB-163, SB-166 – UNS N06693
UNS N06625, N06626 ASME Code Case 2276 UNS N06686 ASME SB-163, SB-564,
Major ASTM B 163, B 462, B 564, ASTM B 163, B 166 – B 168, SB-168, SB-564, SB-829 ASTM B 166, B 167, B 168
ASTM B 443 W.Nr. 2.4856 SB-574, SB-575, SB-619,
B 574, B 575, B 619, B 622, SB-622, SB-626, SB-751, B 564, B 829 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4642 ASME SB 166, SB 167, SB 168
Specifications ASME SB-443 BS 3072 (NA21)
Major ASME Code Cases 2083, ISO 6207, 6208, 9723
SAE AMS 5879 B 626, B 751, B 775, B 829, SB-775, SB-829, SB-906
B 906, F 467, F 467M, F 468, VdTÜV 515 N-20, N-525 ISO NW6690
Specifications
F 468M NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156
DIN 17744, 17750 – 17754 SAE/AMS J2295, J2271, J2655,
Werkstoff Nr. 2.4606 J2280, J2485
ASME Code Case 2198
Ni........58.0 min. Fe........5.0 max. S......0.015 max. Cr . .. 19.0 – 23.0 Fe........1.0 max. Si.......0.08 max. Nia ......58.0 min. Mn.....0.50 max. Ni....Remaindera Nb.......... 0.5-2.5 Si.......0.50 max.
Limiting Cr..... 20.0 – 23.0 C........0.03 max. Al.......0.40 max. Mo... 15.0 – 17.0 C .......0.01 max. P........0.04 max. Limiting Cr..... 27.0 – 31.0 S......0.015 max. Cr..... 27.0 – 31.0 Mn.......1.0 max. C........0.15 max.
Chemical Mo..... 8.0 – 10.0 Si.......0.15 max. Ti........0.40 max. W......... 3.0 – 4.4 Mn.....0.75 max. Ni .........Balance Chemical Fe...... 7.0 – 11.0 Si.......0.50 max. Fe.......... 2.5-6.0 Ti..........1.0 max. S......0.015 max.
Composition, Nba .. 3.15 – 4.15 N........0.02 max. P......0.015 max. Ti...... 0.02 – 0.25 S .......0.02 max. Composition, C........0.05 max. Cu......0.50 max. Al........... 2.5-4.0 Cu......0.50 max.
Mn.....0.50 max. Co........1.0 max.
% a
Plus Ta. % a
Plus Co. a
Element determined arithmetically by difference.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.305 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.315 Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)................................... 0.296 (8.19) Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)................................... 0.280 (7.77)
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.44 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.73
Melting Range, °F (°C).......... 2450 – 2510 (1343 – 1377) Melting Range, °F (°C).......... 2403 – 2493 (1317 – 1367)
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2350 – 2460 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2440 – 2516 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.107 (450)
°C........................................ 1290 – 1350 °C........................................ 1338 – 1380 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.109 (455)
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.001 Permeability at 200 Oersted..................................<1.005
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.098 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.089
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................410 J/kg • °C...............................................373 Physical Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft......................702.7
70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)............ 7.80 (14.0)
Constants Curie Temperature, °F............................................ <-320 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.001 Constants 70 – 1000°F (21 – 538°C)........ 8.53 (15.4) Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.....................64.3
70 – 1600°F (21 – 970°C)........ 9.38 (16.9) W/m•°C..................................9.1
and Thermal °C .......................................... <-196 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F . ..6.67 and Thermal Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................84
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0006 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......11.97 Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
Properties Properties W/m•°C................................12.1 70-200°F (21-93°C).... 7.22 (13.04)
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10 in/in • °F ....7.1 -6 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft.........................744.4
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft.........................691 Young's ModulusA, 103 ksi (GPa)..................... 28.5 (197)
20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.8 µΩ•m......................................1.237 µΩ • m.....................................1.15
Shear ModulusA, 103 ksi (GPa).......................... 11.0 (76)
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................68 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)..................... 30.6 (211)
W/m•°C....................................9.7 Poisson's RatioA .......................................................0.30
Poisson's RatioA .......................................................0.29 A
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................776 Room temperature.
HardnessA, HRB...........................................................85
µΩ•m........................................1.29
A
(Solution Annealed) Room temperature, as annealed.
(Annealed)
Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................130 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................110
Temperature, °C Temperature, °C
MPa.................................................894 MPa.................................................758 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 21 649 704 760 816 871 927 982 1093
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................68 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................55 160 1100
120
MPa..............................379 INCONEL alloy 690 (Solution Annealed)
800
Elongation
MPa..............................469 Elongation, %...............................................................60 140
INCONEL alloy 693 1000
700
Elongation, %...............................................................50 100 900

Elongation, %
Tensile Strength

Elongation, %
Hardness (HRB)...................................................85 – 95 600
120
800
140 Temperature, °C 80

Strength, MPa
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 100 700
Typical Low-cycle fatigue strength

Stress, MPa
500
Tensile Strength
130
at temperatures of
900 - 1200˚F (480 - 650˚C)
900 120
800 Typical 60 80
600

Mechanical INCONEL alloy 686 (Solution Annealed)


Mechanical Elongation
400
500

Strength, ksi
700

Stress, ksi
100 300
Properties
60 400
Tensile Strength
Elongation, %

120 40
800 600 Properties 0.2% Yield Strength
300
Peak Stress, MPa

200 40
80 Yield Strength
Peak Stress, ksi

110 20 (0.2% Offset) 200


Stress, MPa

500
INCONEL 100 20
60 100
alloy 625LCF 700 Elongation 400
100 0 0 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Stress, ksi

300 70 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 2000


40
Temperature, °F Temperature, °F
90 Yield Strength 200
Alloy 625 600 (0.2% Offset)
20
100
80
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
70 2 500
3 4 5 6 7 Temperature, °F
10 10 10 10 10 10
Cycles to Failure Typical usage range
8 9
INCONEL® alloy 706 INCONEL® 718 & 718SPF™ INCONEL® alloy 725 INCONEL® alloy 740
INCONEL alloy 706 is a precipitation-harden- A precipitation-hardenable nickel-chromium A nickel-chromium-molybdenum-niobium alloy A nickel-chromium-cobalt superalloy age
able nickel-iron-chromium alloy that provides alloy also containing significant amounts of that is highly resistant to corrosion and is age hardened by the precipitation of a gamma prime
high mechanical strength in combination with iron, niobium, and molybdenum along with hardenable for extremely high strength. The second phase. Alloy 740 exhibits excellent high
good fabricability. The properties of the alloy are lesser amounts of aluminum and titanium. It strength of this alloy is developed by heat treat- temperature strength in the age-hardened
similar to those of INCONEL alloy 718 (N07718) combines corrosion resistance and high strength ment to achieve high ductility and toughness. condition up to 1500°F (815°C). With its high
except that alloy 706 is more readily fabricated, with outstanding weldability including resistance The alloy is resistant to hydrogen embrittlement contents of chromium and cobalt, alloy 740
particularly by machining. Primary uses of the to post-weld cracking. The alloy has excellent and stress-corrosion cracking. Used for hang- offers excellent resistance to oxidation, carbur-
alloy are aerospace and land-based gas turbine creep-rupture strength at temperatures to 1300°F ers, landing nipples, side pocket mandrels and ization, and sulfidation at elevated tempera-
parts and components requiring resistance to (700°C). Used in gas turbines, rocket motors, polished bore receptacles in sour gas service. tures. Alloy 740 is targeted for use as advanced
creep and stress rupture up to 1300˚F (704˚C), spacecraft, nuclear reactors, pumps, and tooling. Also used for high-strength fasteners in marine power production boiler tubes.
oxidation resistance, and good fabricability. INCONEL alloy 718SPF is a special version of applications.
INCONEL alloy 718, designed for superplastic
forming.
Round bar and forging stock. Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forg-
Standard Round bar and wire. Bar, seamless tubes.
Standard Product Forms
ing stock, hexagon, wire and extruded section.
Product Forms UNS N07725 SMC HA91 Contact Special Metals
UNS N09706 UNS N07718, N07719 ASME Code Cases 1993, 2206, ASTM B 805
SAE AMS 5605, 5606, 5701 – 5703 ASTM B 637, B 670 2222, N-62, N-208, N-253 ASME Code Case 2217
ASME SB-637, SB-670 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 Major NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156
Major DIN 17744, 17750-17754 AECMA Pr EN 2404,
Specifications
Specifications SAE AMS 5589, 5590, 5596, 2405, 2407, 2408,
5597, 5662 – 5664, 5832, 2952, 2961, 3219, 3666
5914, 5950, 5962 ISO 6208, 9723 – 9725
Werkstoff Nr. 2.4668
Nominal
Nia ...39.0 – 44.0 Ti..........1.5 – 2.0 S......0.015 max. Nia ... 50.0 – 55.0 Ti...... 0.65 – 1.15 Si ......0.35 max. Limiting Ni .... 55.0 – 59.0 Ti.......... 1.0 – 1.7 Si.......0.20 max.
C.................0.03 Co...............20.0 Mn..............0.30
Limiting Cr..... 14.5 – 17.5 Al.......0.40 max. Si.......0.35 max. Cr . .. 17.0 – 21.0 Al .... 0.20 – 0.80 P .....0.015 max. Chemical Cr..... 19.0 – 22.5 Al ......0.35 max. P......0.015 max.
Ni................. Bal Al..................1.0 Fe.................0.7
Mo....... 7.0 – 9.5 C........0.03 max. S .....0.010 max.
Chemical Fe.... Remainder C........0.06 max. P......0.020 max. Fe.....Remainder Co c .....1.0 max. S .....0.015 max.
Composition, Nb...... 2.75 – 4.0 Mn ....0.35 max. Fe.........Balance
Cr................25.0 Ti...................1.8 Si..................0.5
Nbb . ....2.5 – 3.3 Cu......0.30 max. B......0.006 max. Nbb . . 4.75 – 5.50 C........0.08 max. B .....0.006 max.
Composition, Mn.....0.35 max. Co......1.00 max. Mo ... 2.80 – 3.30 Mn ....0.35 max. %
Mo................0.5 Nb.................2.0
a
Plus Co. bPlus Ta. Cu .....0.30 max.
% a
Plus Co. bPlus Ta. cIf determined.
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.300 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.291
Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)......................................0.291 (8.05) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.296 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.31 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.05
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.19 Melting Range, °F........................................ 2350 – 2484
Melting Range, °F (°C).............2434 – 2499 (1334 – 1371) Melting Range, °F........................................ 2320 – 2449
Melting Range, °F........................................ 2300 – 2437 °C........................................ 1288 – 1362
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)....................0.106 (444) °C........................................ 1271 – 1343
°C........................................ 1260 – 1336 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.108 (449)
Curie Temperature, °F (°C)............................... < -109 (-78) Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............<1.001 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft........................702.7
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.104
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F . ..7.22 µΩ•m......................................1.168
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)....................1.011 J/kg • °C.............................................435
20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C........13.0 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................72.9
Coefficient of Expansion, 10 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) -6
Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -170 W/m•°C..................................10.2
°C . ............................................-112 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................73.8
Physical 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)............... 7.40 (13.3)
Physical W/m•°C..................................10.6
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
70 – 500°F (21 – 260°C)............. 8.25 (14.9) Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0011 70-200°F (21-93°C)...6.84 (12.38)
Constants 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C)............. 8.57 (15.4) Constants Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................688 Young's ModulusA, 103 ksi (GPa)........................ 32 (221)
and Thermal 70 – 1000°F (21 – 538°C)........... 8.73 (15.7) Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....7.2
70 – 1200°F (21 – 650°C)........... 8.97 (16.2) 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.0 and Thermal µΩ•m......................................1.144 Shear ModulusA, 103 ksi (GPa).......................... 11.5 (79)
Properties Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................... 87 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F..........................79 Properties Poisson's RatioA .......................................................0.35
W/m•°C.................................. 12.5 W/m • °C.................................11.4 Magnetic Permeability..........................................< 1.005
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft............................ 592 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................751
µΩ • m.................................... 0.985 µΩ•m........................................1.25 A
Room temperature.
Young's Modulus , 10 psi (GPa).........................30.4 (210)
A 6
(Precipitation Hardened)
Shear ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa).............................. 11.0 (76) Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
Poisson's RatioA ........................................................ 0.382 1100°F / 595°C......................................... 110 760
HardnessA, HRC...................................................... 36 – 42 1200°F / 650°C......................................... 86 590 Yield Strength, Room Temperature, Aged, ksi . .........115
A
Room temperature, as aged.
1300°F / 705°C......................................... 53 370
1400°F / 760°C . ...................................... 24 170 Tensile Strength, Room Temperature, Aged, ksi........178
Temperature, °C Elongation, Aged, % ....................................................33
Temperature, ° C Temperature, °C
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Temperature, ° C
240 240
240 1600 1600 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
1600 INCONEL alloy 718 (Precipitation Hardened) INCONEL alloy 725 (Aged)
INCONEL alloy 706 (Precipitation Hardened)
1400 200
1400 200

Elongation, %
1400 200

Elongation, %
200 INCONEL alloy 740 (Aged)
Elongation, %

Typical Tensile Strength


Elongation, %

1200
Tensile Strength Tensile Strength 1200 Tensile Strength
1200 1200 160
160
Mechanical Typical

Stress, MPa
160 160 1000

Stress, MPa
1000 Yield Strength
Stress, MPa

1000
Stress, MPa

1000 120 (0.2% Offset) 800


Properties 120
Yield Strength
800 120
Yield Strength
(0.2% Offset) 800 Mechanical 120 800

Stress, ksi
600
Properties Yield Strength 80

Stress, ksi
(0.2% Offset) 600
Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

600 600 80 (0.2% Offset)


80 80 Elongation Elongation 400
400 40
400 400 200
40
40 40 200
Elongation 200 Elongation 200 0 0
0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 0 0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Temperature, ° F
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F
10 Temperature, ° F Temperature, °F
Typical usage range Typical usage range 11
Typical usage range Typical usage range
INCONEL® alloy X-750 INCONEL® alloy 751 INCONEL® alloy 783 INCONEL® alloy 22

A nickel-chromium alloy similar to INCONEL A nickel-chromium alloy similar to INCONEL An oxidation resistant low coefficient of thermal By virtue of its contents of chromium, molybde-
expansion (low CTE) superalloy developed for gas num, and tungsten and controlled iron, this alloy
alloy 600 but made precipitation hardenable by alloy X-750 but with increased aluminum con- turbine applications. The alloy is strengthened by a exhibits excellent resistance to both oxidizing
additions of aluminum and titanium. It has good tent for greater precipitation hardening. This precipitation-hardening heat treatment made possible and reducing acid environments as well as
resistance to corrosion and oxidation along with alloy was designed for use as exhaust valves in by additions of niobium and aluminum. In addition, those containing mixed acids. It is particularly
high tensile and creep-rupture properties internal-combustion engines. In that applica- the aluminum content provides excellent resistance to useful for resistance to pitting and crevice
at temperatures to 1300°F (700°C). Its excellent oxidation at high temperature. The alloy's density is corrosion in acid-halide environments. Applica-
tion, the alloy offers high strength at operating
5% less than those of superalloys such as INCONEL tions include the chemical processing, pollution
relaxation resistance is useful for high-temper- temperatures, high hot hardness for wear resis- alloy 718. The combination of low expansion, high
ature springs and bolts. Used in gas turbines, tance, and corrosion resistance in hot exhaust strength and excellent resistance to oxidation makes
control, flue gas desulfurization, waste incinera-
rocket engines, nuclear reactors, pressure the alloy especially useful for gas turbine and steam tion, and pulp and paper processing industries.
gases containing lead oxide, sulfur, bromine,
vessels, tooling, and aircraft structures. and chlorine. turbine components. The low expansion enables
closer control of clearances and tolerances for greater
power output and fuel efficiency.

Standard Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, Round bar. Standard Sheet, round bar, wire and extruded section. Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar,
hexagon, wire, tubing and extruded section. Product Forms forging stock, hexagon and wire.
Product Forms
UNS R30783 USN N06022 ASME Code Cases 2226,
UNS N07750 SAE AMS 5542, 5582, 5583, UNS N07751 ASTM B 366, B 462, B 564, B 574, N-621
SAE AMS 5940
BS HR 505 5598, 5667 – 5671, 5698, B 575, B 619, B 622, B 626, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4602
Major ASTM B 637 5699, 5747 Major B 751, B 775, B 829, B 906 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723,
Specifications
ASME SB-637 EN 10269 Specifications ASME SB-366, SB-564, SB-574, 9724
Werkstoff Nr. 2.4669 ISO 6208, 9723 – 9725 SB-575, SB-619, SB-622, DIN 17744, 17750-17754
NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 SB-626, SB-751, SB-775,
SB-829, SB-906
Limiting
Limiting Nia.......70.0 min. Al .... 0.40 – 1.00 Si.......0.50 max. Nia ......70.0 min. Ti.......... 2.0 – 2.6 Mn.......1.0 max. Limiting Ni.....26.0 – 30.0 Cr . ......2.5 – 3.5 Mn.....0.50 max. Ni..... Remainder W.........2.5 – 3.5 V........0.35 max.
Chemical Cr . .. 14.0 – 17.0 Nbb. . 0.70 – 1.20 S .......0.01 max. Cr..... 14.0 – 17.0 Al.........0.9 – 1.5 Si.........0.5 max. Fe....24.0 – 27.0 Ti..........0.1 – 0.4 P......0.015 max. Cr . .. 20.0 – 22.5 Co........2.5 max. S .......0.02 max.
Fe........ 5.0 – 9.0 C .......0.08 max. Cu .....0.50 max. Fe........ 5.0 – 9.0 Nb b......0.7 – 1.2
Chemical Co.... Remainder B... 0.003 – 0.012 S......0.005 max. Mo... 12.5 – 14.5 C......0.015 max. Si.......0.08 max.
S........0.01 max.
Composition, Ti . ... 2.25 – 2.75 Mn.....1.00 max. Co c ...1.00 max. C........0.10 max. Cu........0.5 max. Composition, Al........ 5.0 – 6.0 C .........0.3 max. Si.......0.50 max. Fe .......2.0 – 6.0 Mn ....0.50 max. P........0.02 max.
% a
Plus Co. b
Plus Ta. c
If determined.
a
Plus Co. bPlus Ta. % Nb...... 2.5 – 3.5 Cu......0.50 max.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.299 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.297 Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)................................... 0.282 (7.81) Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3) .................................. 0.311 (8.61)
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.28 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.22 Melting Range, °F (°C)......... 2437 – 2565 (1336 – 1407) Melting Range, °F (°C).......... 2464 – 2529 (1351 – 1387)
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2540 – 2600 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2540 – 2600 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.109 (455) Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.091 (381)
°C........................................ 1390 – 1430 °C........................................ 1390 – 1430 Curie Temperature, °F (°C).........................<-320 (<-196)
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.103 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.103 Permeability at 200 oersted (15.9 kA/m)...............<1.001
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................431 J/kg • °C...............................................431 Physical 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C).......... 5.60 (10.08)
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
70 – 500°F (21 – 260°C)........ 5.74 (10.94)
Constants Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -193 Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -193 Constants 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C)........ 6.08 (10.67) 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C).......... 6.90 (12.42)
and Thermal °C . ........................................... -125 °C ............................................. -125 and Thermal 70 – 1000°F (21 – 538°C)...... 6.57 (11.83) 70 – 1000°F (21 – 538°C)...... 7.46 (13.43)
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0035 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0035 Properties 70 – 1200°F (21 – 650°C)...... 7.15 (12.87) 70 – 1800°F (21 – 982°C)...... 7.84 (14.11)
Properties Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.....................70.9
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....7.0 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.0 Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.........................91
21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........12.6 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........12.6 W/m • °C...............................10.2 W/m•°C.................................13.2
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm•circ mil/ft..........................615 Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft (µΩ•m)..730.7 (1.215)
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................83 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................83
µΩ • m...................................1.021 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)..................... 30.3 (209)
W/m•°C..................................12.0 W/m•°C..................................12.0
Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)..................... 26.8 (185) Shear ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)....................... 11.0 (75.8)
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................731 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................731
µΩ•m........................................1.22 µΩ•m........................................1.22 Shear ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)............................ 9.7 (67) Poission's RatioA . .....................................................0.30
Poisson's RatioA .......................................................0.38 HardnessA, HRB ..........................................................86
(Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened) HardnessA, HRC...................................................30 – 38 A
Room temperature, as annealed.
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1100°F / 595°C......................................... 92 630 1200°F / 650°C......................................... 40 280 A
Room temperature, as aged.
1200°F / 650°C . ...................................... 68 470 1350°F / 730°C......................................... 35 240
1350°F / 730°C......................................... 37 260 1500°F / 815°C . ...................................... 14 97
1500°F / 815°C......................................... 16 110
Temperature, °C Temperature, °C (Precipitation Hardened)
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Temperature, °C
240 240
1600 1600 Temperature, °C 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Typical INCONEL alloy X-750 (Precipitation Hardened)
1400
INCONEL alloy 751 (Precipitation Hardened)
1400
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
240
200 200
Mechanical 240 1600
Elongation, %

Elongation, %

1600 INCONEL alloy 622


Tensile Strength Tensile Strength INCONEL alloy 783 (Precipitation Hardened)
1200 1200 1400
Properties 160 160
Typical 1400 200

Elongation, %
200

Elongation, %
Stress, MPa

Stress, MPa

1000 1000 1200


120 800 120 800
Mechanical 160
Tensile Strength 1200
160

Stress, MPa
1000
Properties

Stress, MPa
1000
Yield Strength Yield Strength
Stress, ksi

Stress, ksi

Yield Strength 600 600 120


80 (0.2% Offset) 80 (0.2% Offset) 120 (0.2% Offset) 800 Tensile Strength 800
400 400

Stress, ksi
600

Stress, ksi
600 80
40 Elongation 40 80
200 Elongation 200
400 400
Elongation
0 0 0 0 40 Elongation 40
200 Yield Strength 200
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F (0.2% Offset)
Temperature, °F 0 0 0 0
Typical usage range Typical usage range 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
12 Temperature, °F Temperature, °F
13
INCONEL® alloy C-276 INCONEL® alloy G-3 INCONEL® alloy HX INCONEL® alloy N06230
A nickel-molybdenum-chromium alloy with an A nickel-chromium-iron alloy with additions A nickel-chromium-iron-molybdenum alloy A carbide strengthened nickel-chromium-tungsten
addition of tungsten having excellent corrosion of molybdenum and copper. It has good with outstanding strength and oxidation resis- alloy with an exceptional combination of strength,
resistance in a wide range of severe environ- weldability and resistance to intergranular stability, and resistance to corrosion at very high
tance at temperatures to 2200°F (1200°C). Matrix
ments. The high molybdenum content makes corrosion in the welded condition. The low temperatures. Alloy N06230 offers particularly good
the alloy especially resistant to pitting and stiffening provided by the molybdenum content resistance to oxidation at temperatures greater than
carbon content helps prevent sensitization and results in high strength in a solid-solution alloy
crevice corrosion. The low carbon content 1800°F (980°C). It also offers good resistance to
consequent intergranular corrosion of weld having good fabrication characteristics. Used in carburization and nitridation. Potential applications
minimizes carbide precipitation during welding
heat-affected zones. Used for flue-gas scrubbers gas turbines, industrial furnaces, heat-treating for this alloy include equipment and components for
to maintain corrosion resistance in as-welded
structures. Used in pollution control, chemical and for handling phosphoric and sulfuric acids. equipment, and nuclear engineering. land-based gas turbines, thermal and petrochemical
processing, heat treating, and ore refining.
processing, pulp and paper production, and
waste treatment.

Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, Pipe and tube. Standard Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, Contact Special Metals.
forging stock, hexagon and wire. Product Forms hexagon, wire and extruded section.
Product Forms
UNS N06002 SAE AMS 5536, 5587, 5588, UNS N06230 ASME SB 435, SB 564,
UNS N10276 ASME SB-366, SB-564, UNS N06985 ASME SB-366, SB-581, SB-582, 5754, 5798 W. Nr. 2.4733
ASTM B 366, B 435, B 572,    SB 572, SB 619,
ASTM B 366, B 462, B 564, B 574, SB-574, SB-575, SB-619, ASTM B 366, B 581, B 582, SB-619, SB-622, SB-626, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4665 ASTM B 366, B 435, B 564,    
Major B 619, B 622, B 626,    SB 622, SB 626
Major B 575, B 619, B 622, B 626, SB-622, SB-626, SB-751, B 619, B 622, B 626, SB-751, SB-775, SB-829
B 751, B 775, B 829 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 B 572, B 619, B 622, B 626 SAE/AMS 5839, 5878, 5891
Specifications B 751, B 775, B 829 SB-775, SB-829 B 751, B 775, B 829 DIN 17744, 17750 – 17752 Specifications ASME SB-366, SB-435, SB-572, AECMA Pr EN 2182 – 2185
DIN 17744, 17750 – 17754 ASME Code Case 1924 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4619 BS HR 6, HR 204
SB-619, SB-622, SB-626,
Werkstoff Nr. 2.4819 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 ISO 6207, 6208, 9724 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725
SB-751, SB-775, SB-829
VdTÜV 400 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725 DIN 17744, 17750-17754
Limiting Ni .... Remainder W.........3.0 – 4.5 V........0.35 max. Ni .... Remainder Nba. ...0.50 max. Mn.......1.0 max. Ni..... Remainder Co........0.5 – 2.5 Mn.......1.0 max. Ni .... Remainder W....... 13.0-15.0 S....... 0.015 max.
Chemical Mo.... 15.0 – 17.0 Co........2.5 max. P........0.04 max. Cr.....21.0 – 23.5 C......0.015 max. P .......0.04 max.
Limiting Cr.....20.5 – 23.0 Fe........3.0 max. C........ 0.05-0.15 Al.........0.20- 0.50
W.........0.2 – 1.0 P........0.04 max.
Composition, Cr...... 14.5 – 16.5 Mn.......1.0 max. S........0.03 max. Fe....18.0 – 21.0 W.........1.5 max. S........0.03 max. Chemical Fe....17.0 – 20.0 C......0.05 – 0.15 S........0.03 max. Cr....... 20.0-24.0 Si....... 0.25-0.75 La....0.005-0.050
%
Fe.........4.0 – 7.0 C........0.01 max. Si.......0.08 max. Mo ......6.0 – 8.0 Si.........1.0 max. Co........5.0 max. Composition, Mo.....8.0 – 10.0 Si.........1.0 max. Co........5.0 max. Mn..... 0.30-1.00 B....... 0.015 max.
Cu........1.5 – 2.5 a
Plus Ta. Mo......... 1.0-3.0 P....... 0.030 max.
%
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.321 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.294 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.297 Density, Ib/in3 . ............................................................. 0.322
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.89 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.14 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.22 g/cm3 ................................................................ 8.91
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2415 – 2500 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2300 – 2450 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2300 – 2470 Melting Range, °F.............................................. 2480 – 2570
°C........................................ 1325 – 1370 °C........................................ 1260 – 1340 °C........................................ 1260 – 1355 °C............................................. 1360 – 1410
Physical Physical Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..................... 1.002
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.102 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.108 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.110
Constants J/kg • °C...............................................427 J/kg • °C...............................................452
Constants J/kg • °C...............................................461 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 600°F, 10-6 in/in • °F......... 6.9
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 75 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....6.8 Coefficient of Expansion, 75 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....8.1
and Thermal Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0110 20 – 316°C,10-6 cm/cm •°C.... 12.4

Properties
24 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.2 24 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......14.6 Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....7.4
Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft................................ 759
µΩ•cm............................................. 126
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................67.9 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................69 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......13.3
W/m•°C...................................9.8 W/m•°C..................................10.0 Young’s Modulus, 103 ksi . ............................................. 30.7
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................80.4 103 GPa...............................................211
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft.........................739.2 W/m•°C..................................11.6
µΩ•m......................................1.229 Shear Modulus, 103 ksi....................................................11.4
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................698 103 GPa................................................ 78.8
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0002 µΩ•m........................................1.16
Poisson’s Ratio............................................................... 0.34

(Annealed) (Annealed) (Solution Annealed) (Annealed)


Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................110 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................100 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Tensile Strength, ksi............................................117-122
MPa.................................................758 MPa....................................... 807-841
MPa.................................................690 1400°F / 760°C...................................... 16.0 110
1500°F / 815°C . ................................... 10.5 72 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ........................... 55-62
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................53 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................47 MPa.................... 379-427
MPa..............................363 MPa..............................320 1600°F / 870°C...................................... 6.5 45
1700°F / 925°C...................................... 3.8 26 Elongation, %......................................................... 44-48
Elongation, %...............................................................62 Elongation, %...............................................................50 1800°F / 980°C...................................... 2.2 15
Temperature, °C Temperature, °C
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Temperature, °C
Temperature, °C
Typical
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
120 120 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
800
Typical INCONEL alloy C-276 (Annealed)
800
INCONEL alloy G-3 (Annealed)
Mechanical 120
INCONEL alloy HX (Solution Annealed)
800 140
INCONEL alloy 230
900
700 700
Mechanical 100
Tensile Strength
100
Properties 700
Elongation, %
Elongation, %

100 120 800

Elongation, %
600 600

Elongation, %
Properties 80 80
Tensile Strength
Tensile Strength 600 100 Tensile Strength
700
Stress, MPa

500 80
Stress, MPa

500 600

Stress, MPa
500

Stress, MPa
60 400 60 80
Elongation 400 Yield Strength 500
Elongation 60 Elongation (0.2% Offset)
400
Stress, ksi

300 60 400
Stress, ksi

40 300
40

Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi
300 300
200 40
200 40
Yield Strength Yield Strength Elongation
20 (0.2% Offset) 200 200
(0.2% Offset) 100 20 Yield Strength
100 20 (0.2% Offset) 20
100 100
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000
Temperature, °F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F
Typical usage range Typical usage range Typical usage range
14 15
INCOLOY® alloy 800 INCOLOY® alloys 800H & 800HT® INCOLOY® alloy 803 INCOLOY® alloy 825

A nickel-chromium alloy with good strength Nickel-iron-chromium alloys having the same Designed for use in petrochemical, chemical A nickel-iron-chromium alloy with additions
and excellent resistance to oxidation and car- basic composition as INCOLOY alloy 800 and thermal processing applications, the alloy of molybdenum and copper. It has excellent re-
burization in high-temperature atmospheres. It but with significantly higher creep-rupture provides an exceptional level of high-temperature sistance to both reducing and oxidizing acids, to
also resists corrosion by many aqueous environ- corrosion-resistance in oxidation, sulfidation, stress-corrosion cracking, and to localized attack
strength. The higher strength results from close carburization and nitridation environments. In
ments. The alloy maintains a stable, austenitic control of the carbon, aluminum, and titanium addition to thermal stability characteristics required such as pitting and crevice corrosion.
structure during prolonged exposure to high contents in conjunction with a high-tempera- to prevent thermal distortion and embrittlement, The alloy is especially resistant to sulfuric and
temperatures. Used for process piping, heat ture anneal. Used in chemical and petrochemi- it exhibits excellent stress-rupture strengths. These phosphoric acids. Used for chemical processing,
exchangers, carburizing equipment, heating- cal processing, in power plants for super-heater characteristics, along with a high resistance to pollution-control equipment, oil and gas well pip-
element sheathing, and nuclear steam-generator and reheater tubing, in industrial furnaces, and carburization and cyclic oxidation, make this alloy ing, nuclear fuel reprocessing, acid production, and
tubing. the material of choice for many severe applications pickling equipment.
for heat-treating equipment. including ID-finned pyrolysis tubing in high-
severity ethylene furnaces.
Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar,
Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forg- Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forg-
Product Forms flat bar, forging stock, hexagon and wire. flat bar, forging stock, hexagon and wire. ing stock, ID finned tube and wire. ing stock, hexagon and wire.
Product Forms
UNS N08800 ASME SB-163, SA-240, UNS N08810, N08811 ASME Code Cases 1325,
BS 3072 – 3076 (NA15) SB-366, SB-407 – SB-409, BS 3072, 3073, 3074, 3075 , 1949, 1983, 2339, UNS S35045 UNS N08825 ASME SB-163, SB-366,
ASTM B 163, A 240, B 366, SA-480, SB-514, SB-515, 3076 (NA15) N-201, N-254 ASTM A 182, A 213, A 240, A 249, A 480 BS 3072 – BS 3074, 3076 (NA16) SB-423 – SB-425, SB-564,
ASTM A 240, A 480, B 163, DIN 17459, 17460 ASME Code Case 2304 ASTM B 163, B 366, SB-704, SB-705, SB-751,
B 407 – B 409, A 480, B 514, SB-564, SB-751, SB-775,
B 366, B 407 – 409, Werkstoff Nr. 1.4876, 1.4958, Major
B 515, B 564, B 751, SB-829 ASME SA 182, SA 213, SA 240, SA 249, SA 480 B 423 – B 425, B 564, B 704, SB-775, SB-829
Major B 775, B 829 ASME Code Cases 1325,
B 514, B 515, B 564, 1.4959
Specifications B 705, B 751, B 775, B 829 ASME Code Cases 1936, N-572
B 751, B 775, B 829 VdTÜV 412, 434
Specifications DIN 470 1949, 2339, N-20 ASME SA-240, SA-480, EN 10028-7, 10095 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4858 DIN 17744, 17750 – 17754
Werkstoff Nr. 1.4876 SAE AMS 5766, 5871 SB-163, SB-366, ISO 4955A, 6207, 6208, VdTÜV 432 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725
VdTÜV 412 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 SB-407 – SB-409, SB-514, 9723, 9725 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156
ISO 9723 – 9725, 6207, 6208 SB-515, SB-564, SB-751,

SB-775, SB-829 Limiting Ni ....32.0 – 37.0 Mn.....1.50 max. Al.....0.15 – 0.60 Ni ....38.0 – 46.0 Cu........1.5 – 3.0 S........0.03 max.
Fe.... Remainder S......0.015 max. Ti......0.15 – 0.60 Fe.......22.0 min. Ti..........0.6 – 1.2 Si.........0.5 max.
Ni ....30.0 – 35.0 Mn.....1.50 max. Al.....0.15 – 0.60 Ni ....30.0 – 35.0 C......0.05 – 0.10 Ti......0.15 – 0.60 Chemical Cr.....25.0 – 29.0 Si.........1.0 max. Cr.....19.5 – 23.5 C........0.05 max. Al.........0.2 max.
800H Fe.......39.5 min. Al.....0.15 – 0.60 Al+Ti.....0.30 – 1.20
Limiting Fe.......39.5 min. S......0.015 max. Ti......0.15 – 0.60
Cr.....19.0 – 23.0
Composition, C......0.06 – 0.10 Cu......0.75 max. Mo.......2.5 – 3.5 Mn.......1.0 max.
Cr.....19.0 – 23.0 Si.........1.0 max.
Chemical C........0.10 max. Cu......0.75 max. Ni ....30.0 – 35.0 C......0.06 – 0.10 Ti......0.25 – 0.60
%
Composition, 800HTFe.......39.5 min. Al.....0.25 – 0.60 Al+Ti.....0.85 – 1.20
Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)......................................0.284 (7.86) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.294
% Cr.....19.0 – 23.0 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.14
*By special agreement, this product can be supplied with Melting Range, °F (°C).............2490 – 2555 (1365 – 1400)
aluminum + titanium limited to 0.4 – 0.7%. Melting Range, °F......................................... 2500 – 2550
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C).................... 0.114 (479)
°C........................................ 1370 – 1400
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.287 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.287 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................... 1.001 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.105
g/cm3 ..........................................................7.94 g/cm3 ...........................................................7.94 Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) J/kg • °C...............................................440
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2475 – 2525 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2475 – 2525
°C........................................ 1357 – 1385 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)............... 8.31 (15.0) Curie Temperature, °F............................................ <-320
°C........................................ 1357 – 1385
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F.............................................0.11
Physical 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C)............. 9.14 (16.5) °C .......................................... <-196
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F.............................................0.11
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................460 J/kg • °C...............................................460 Constants 70 – 1200°F (21 – 649°C)........... 9.48 (17.1) Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.005
Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -175 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F............................. 78
Constants Curie Temperature, °F.............................................. -175 °C .............................................-115
and Thermal W/m•°C.....................................11.3
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.8
°C .............................................-115 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C.........14.0
and Thermal Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.014 Properties Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................... 618 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................76.8
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.014 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.9 µΩ•m......................................... 1.03
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.9 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......14.4
Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa).........................28.3 (195)
W/m•°C..................................11.1
20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......14.4 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................80 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................678
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................80 W/m•°C..................................11.5 Shear ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)...........................10.7 (73.8) µΩ•m........................................1.13
W/m•°C..................................11.5 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................595 Poisson's RatioA .......................................................... 0.32
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................595 µΩ•m......................................0.989 A
Room temperature, as solution annealed.
µΩ•m......................................0.989

(Annealed) (Annealed) (Solution Annealed) (Annealed)


Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................100
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
MPa.................................................690
1000°F / 540°C........................................ 48 330 1200°F / 650°C.......................................... 24.0 165
1300°F / 705°C.......................................... 15.0 105 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................45
1100°F / 595°C........................................ 32 220 MPa..............................310
1400°F / 760°C . ....................................... 10.0 70
1200°F / 650°C . ..................................... 21 145 Elongation, %...............................................................45
1600°F / 870°C . ....................................... 4.7 32
1300°F / 705°C . ..................................... 11 75 1800°F / 980°C . ....................................... 2.0 14
Typical Temperature, °C Temperature, °C 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Mechanical 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Typical 120
800
120
800
120 INCOLOY alloy 803 (Solution Annealed) INCOLOY alloy 825 (Annealed)
Properties INCOLOY alloy 800 (Annealed)
800 120
INCOLOY alloys 800H and 800HT (Annealed)
800
Mechanical 100 700 100 700
Tensile Strength

Elongation, %

Elongation, %
700
100 100 700
Properties
Elongation, %

600
Elongation, %

Tensile Strength 600


Tensile Strength 600 600 80 80
Tensile Strength
80

Stress, MPa
80

Stress, MPa
500 500
Stress, MPa

500
Stress, MPa

500
60 400 60 400
60 400 60 400 Elongation Elongation
Elongation

Stress, ksi

Stress, ksi
Elongation 300 300
Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

300 40
300 40 40
40
200 Yield Strength 200 200
200
Yield Strength 20 (0.2% Offset) 20 Yield Strength
20 20 (0.2% Offset)
(0.2% Offset) Yield Strength 100 100 100
100
(0.2% Offset)
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F Temperature, °F Temperature, °F Temperature, °F
16 17
Typical usage range Typical usage range Typical usage range Typical usage range
INCOLOY® alloy 864 INCOLOY® alloy 865 INCOLOY® alloy 903 INCOLOY
INCOLOYalloy
®
903
alloy 907

A new high-performance and cost-effective alloy INCOLOY alloy 865 (UNS S35115) is an economi- A nickel-iron-cobalt alloy with additions of nio- A nickel-iron-cobalt alloy with additions of
specifically developed for automotive exhaust cal, high performance corrosion resistant alloy. bium, titanium, and aluminum for precipitation niobium and titanium for precipitation harden-
system flexible couplings and potentially useful Developed from the technology of INCOLOY alloy hardening. The alloy combines high strength ing. It has the low coefficient of expansion and
864, it improved strength, ductility and fatigue
for exhaust gas re-circulation tubes and other resistance at a reduced cost. The alloy was de- with a low and constant coefficient of thermal high strength of INCOLOY alloy 903 but with
fabricated exhaust system components. signed for automotive applications such as flexible expansion at temperatures to about 800°F improved notch-rupture properties at elevated
couplings and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) (430°C). It also has a constant modulus of temperatures. Used for components of gas tur-
components. However, with its excellent combi- elasticity and is highly resistant to thermal bines including seals, shafts, and casings.
nation of strength and corrosion resistance, alloy fatigue and thermal shock. Used in gas
865 may be evaluated for chemical processing and turbines for rings and casings.
marine applications.

Standard Sheet, strip and wire. Sheet and strip.


Product Forms
UNS S35135 UNS S35115, ASTM A240/A480
Major ASTM A 240, A 480 Standard Sheet, plate, rod, bar and forging stock. Round bar and forging stock.
Specifications Product Forms
Major UNS N19903 UNS N19907
Limiting Ni ...30.0 – 38.0 Mo.......4.0 – 4.8 Mn.......1.0 max. Ni....... 10.0-22.0 N........ 0.20-0.30 P......0.045 max. Specifications
Fe.... Remainder C........0.08 max. S......0.015 max. Cr....... 23.0-25.0 Mn.......1.0 max. S......0.015 max.
Chemical Cr.....20.0 – 25.0 Si.........0.6 – 1.0 Ti..........0.4 – 1.0 Mo..... 1.50-2.50 C......0.020 max.
Composition, Limiting Ni ....36.0 – 40.0 Co...13.0 – 17.0 Ti......1.00 – 1.85 Ni.....35.0 – 40.0 Nb........4.3 – 5.2 Al.........0.2 max.
Chemical Fe.... Remainder Al.....0.30 – 1.15 Nb... 2.40 – 3.50 Fe ... Remainder Ti . .......1.3 – 1.8 Si.....0.07 – 0.35
% Co ...12.0 – 16.0
Composition,
Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)......................................0.290 (8.02) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.276
Melting Range, °F (°C).............2467 – 2539 (1353 – 1393) g/cm3 ...........................................................7.64 %
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................... 1.004 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2484 – 2535
°C........................................ 1362 – 1390 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.301
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.298
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.002 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.25 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.33
70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)............... 8.15 (14.7)
Physical 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C)............. 8.90 (15.9)
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................553
Mico-ohm/cm..............................92
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2405 – 2539 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2440 – 2550
°C........................................ 1318 – 1393 °C........................................ 1335 – 1400
Constants 70 – 1200°F (21 – 649°C)........... 9.21 (16.4)
Young's (Tensile) Modulus............ 28.7 x 103 ksi (195 GPa)
Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................ 78.1 Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.105 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.103
and Thermal W/m • °C...................................11.3 J/kg • °C...............................................442 J/kg • °C...............................................431
Properties Constants Curie Temperature, °F......................................780 – 880 Curie Temperature, °F......................................750 – 850
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft............................ 628
µΩ • m....................................... 1.04 and Thermal °C ....................................415 – 470 °C .....................................400 – 455
Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa).........................28.3 (195) Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 77 – 800°F, 10-6 in/in • °F . ....4.0 Coefficient of Expansion, 77 – 800°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....4.3
25 – 427°C, µm/m • °C..........7.2 25 – 427°C, µm/m • °C........7.7
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................116 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................103
A
Room temperature, as annealed. W/m•°C..................................16.7 W/m•°C..................................14.8
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................379 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................419
(Solution Annealed) (Annealed) µΩ•m......................................0.650 µΩ•m......................................0.697
Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................................94 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................110
MPa..............................................................648 MPa.................................................758
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ...............................................40 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................54
MPa...........................................276 MPa..............................372 (Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened)
Elongation, %...............................................................50 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................190
Elongation, %.............................................................................44 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
Reduction of Area, %....................................................44 MPa...............................................1310 1000°F / 540°C........................................ 100 690
Hardness............................................................. 88 HRB
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ...............................160 1100°F / 595°C ....................................... 85 590
MPa............................1100 1200°F / 650°C........................................ 50 340
Fatigue Properties at 1000°F (538°C),
Typical Temperature, °C Longitudinal Strain Controlled Elongation, %...............................................................14 Temperature, °C
Mechanical 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0.1 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
120
Properties INCOLOY alloy 864 (Solution Annealed)
800
INCOLOY alloy 865
Typical
240
INCOLOY alloy 907 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600
700
100
Mechanical 200 1400
Elongation, %

Elongation, %
Tensile Strength 600 Tensile Strength
80 Properties 1200
Total Strain Range

160
Stress, MPa

500

Stress, MPa
1000
60 400 0.01 Yield Strength
120 800
(0.2% Offset)
625
Stress, ksi

Elongation 300

Stress, ksi
40 865 600
80
200 864
400
20 Yield Strength 316 (1112°F)
100 40
(0.2% Offset) 321 (1112°F) Elongation 200
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0.001 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F 1000 10000 100000 1000000 10000000
Temperature, °F
18 Reversals to Failure, 2Nf 19
INCOLOY® alloy 909 INCOLOY® alloy 925 INCOLOY® alloy 945 INCOLOY® alloy DS

A nickel-iron-cobalt alloy with a silicon addition A precipitation-hardenable nickel-iron-chro- INCOLOY alloy 945 (UNS N09945) is a corrosion-resis- A nickel-iron-chromium alloy with an addition of
and containing niobium and titanium for pre- mium alloy with additions of molybdenum tant, high strength, age hardenable nickel-iron-chromium silicon. It has good high-temperature strength and
cipitation hardening. It is similar to INCOLOY and copper. It combines the high strength of a alloy. Its nickel content provides resistance stress corro- excellent resistance to oxidation and carburization.
alloys 903 and 907 in that it has low thermal ex- precipitation-hardenable alloy with the excel- sion cracking. Its combination of nickel, molybdenum The silicon content makes the alloy resistant to internal
pansion and high strength. However, the silicon lent corrosion resistance of INCOLOY alloy and copper gives it outstanding resistance to attack by oxidation in high-temperature atmospheres that vary
addition results in improved notch-rupture and 825. The alloy has outstanding resistance to reducing media while its high chromium content provides between oxidizing and reducing. Used in industrial
tensile properties that are achieved with less- general corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, resistance to oxidizing environments. Molybdenum and furnaces and for heat-treating baskets, trays,
restrictive processing and significantly shorter and stress-corrosion cracking in many aque- niobium provide resistance to localized attack such as and fixtures.
heat treatments. Used for gas-turbine casings, ous environments including those containing pitting and crevice corrosion. Niobium, titanium and alu-
shrouds, vanes, and shafts. sulfides and chlorides. Used for surface and minum react upon heat treatment to precipitate gamma
down-hole hardware in sour gas wells and for prime and gamma double prime phases that give the
oil-production equipment. alloy its high strength. With this highly desirable
combination of properties, alloy 945 is suitable for many
demanding applications in oil and gas service. With its
resistance to sulfide-induced stress corrosion cracking
and corrosion in hydrogen sulfide, alloy 945 is ideal for
Standard fabrication of down-hole and surface well equipment
Round bar, forging stock and hot-rolled profile. Tube, round bar, flat bar, forging stock and wire.
including tubular products, valves, hangers, landing
Product Forms nipples, tool joints and packers. When cold worked and
Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar,
forging stock, hexagon and wire.
Major UNS N19909 UNS N09925 ASME Code Case 2218 aged, the alloy provides the properties required for
SAE AMS 5884, 5892, 5893 NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 fasteners, pump shafting and high strength piping.
Specifications BS 3072 – BS 3076 (NA17)
Werkstoff Nr. 1.4862
Ni.....35.0 – 40.0 Nb........4.3 – 5.2 Al.......0.15 max. Ni ....42.0 – 46.0 Mo.......2.5 – 3.5 Al.........0.1 – 0.5
Limiting Fe ... Remainder Ti . .......1.3 – 1.8 C........0.06 max. Fe.... Remainder Cu........1.5 – 3.0
Chemical
C........0.03 max. Standard Bar, forging stock, tubes. Nia ....34.5 – 41.0 Si.........1.9 – 2.6 Cu......0.50 max.
Co ...12.0 – 16.0 Si.....0.25 – 0.50 Cr.....19.5 – 22.5 Ti......1.90 – 2.40
Composition, Product Forms Fe..... Remainder Mn.......0.8 – 1.5 Ti........0.20 max.
Cr......17.0 – 19.0 C........0.10 max. S........0.03 max.
% a
Plus Co.
Density, Ib/in . ........................................................0.296
3 Density, Ib/in . ........................................................0.292
3 Major UNS N09945
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.19 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.08 Specifications NACE MR0175 (Approved to Level VI)
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2540 – 2610 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2392 – 2490 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.284
°C........................................ 1395 – 1430 °C........................................ 1311 – 1366 g/cm3 ...........................................................7.86
Limiting Ni ....45.0 – 55.0 Nb........2.5 – 4.5 Mn.......1.0 max. Melting Range, °F......................................... 2430 – 2550
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.102 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.104
J/kg • °C...............................................427 J/kg • °C...............................................435 Chemical Cr.....19.5 – 23.0 Ti..........0.5 – 2.5 Si.........0.5 max. °C........................................ 1330 – 1400
Physical
Curie Temperature, °F......................................750 – 850 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.001 Composition, Fe.........Balance Al.......0.01 – 0.7 P........0.03 max. Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.108
Constants Mo.......3.0 – 4.0 C....0.005 – 0.04 S......0.030 max. J/kg • °C...............................................452
°C .....................................400 – 455
Coefficient of Expansion, 77 – 200°F, 10 in/in • °F......7.8 -6 % Cu........1.5 – 3.0
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 77 – 800°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....4.3 25 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........13.2 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.038
Properties 25 – 427°C, µm/m • °C........7.7 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................701 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....8.3
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F........................103 µΩ•m........................................1.17 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......15.0
Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3)....................................0.281 (7.777)
W/m•°C..................................14.8 Melting Range, °F (°C).............2317 – 2510 (1270 – 1377) Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................83.2
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................438 Permeability at 200 Oersted....................................... 1.003 W/m•°C..................................12.0
µΩ•m......................................0.728 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................650
Physical Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
µΩ•m........................................1.08
70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)............. 7.88 (14.19)
Constants 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C)........... 8.40 (15.12)
(Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened) and Thermal 70 – 1200°F (21 – 649°C)......... 8.85 (15.93)
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................176 Properties Young's (Tensile) Modulus.............................. 28.3 x 103 ksi (Solution Annealed)
MPa...............................................1210 Shear Modulus............................................... 10.8 x 103 ksi
1000°F / 540°C...................................... 130 900 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1100°F / 595°C ..................................... 85 590 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ...............................118 Poisson's Ratio............................................................. 0.31 1380°F / 750°C........................................ 7.1 49.0
1200°F / 650°C...................................... 45 310 MPa..............................810 1560°F / 850°C . ..................................... 3.8 26.0
Elongation, %...............................................................24 1740°F / 950°C........................................ 2.2 15.0
(Annealed + Aged) 1920°F / 1050°C........................................ 0.97 6.7
Typical Temperature, °C
Tensile Strength, ksi................................................172.0
Mechanical Temperature, °C
240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
MPa...............................................1186
Temperature, °C

Properties 240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
INCOLOY alloy 925 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ............................136.5 120
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

1600 1400 800


INCOLOY alloy 909 (Precipitation Hardened) 200 INCOLOY alloy DS (Solution Annealed)
MPa..............................941
Elongation, %

200 1400 Tensile Strength 1200 100 700


Typical Elongation, %...............................................................22

Elongation, %
Elongation, %

Tensile Strength 160


1200 600
Stress, MPa

1000
Reduction of Area, %....................................................44
160
120
Yield Strength
(0.2% Offset)
Mechanical Hardness..............................................................41HRC
80
Tensile Strength

Stress, MPa
500
Stress, MPa

1000 800

120 Yield Strength Properties Impact Strength (CVN @ - 75°F), ft. lbs.......................64 60
Stress, ksi

800 600 400


(0.2% Offset) 80 Elongation
Joules.....................87

Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

600 400 300


80 40
40 Elongation
400 200 200
40 20
Elongation 200 0 0 Yield Strength 100
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 (0.2% Offset)
0 0 Temperature, °F 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

20 Temperature, °F Typical usage range Temperature, °F 21


INCOLOY® alloy 20 INCOLOY® alloy 28 INCOLOY® alloy 330 INCOLOY® alloy 25-6MO

A nickel-iron-chromium alloy with additions of INCOLOY alloy 28 (UNS N08028) is a highly corro- A super-austenitic containing 6% molybede-
A nickel-iron-chromium alloy with an addition num and offering excellent corrosion-resistance
copper and molybdenum. It also contains nio- sion-resistant austenitic alloy offering resistance to of silicon for enhanced oxidation resistance.
a variety of media. The alloy resists attack in reduc- to neutral and acidic environments containing
bium for stabilization against sensitization and It has good strength at high temperatures and chlorides or other halides such as are found in
resultant intergranular corrosion. The alloy has ing media due to its contents of nickel, copper and excellent resistance to carburizing and oxidizing air pollution control and flue gas desulfurization
excellent resistance to general corrosion, pitting, molybdenum and is resistant to oxidizing species atmospheres. The alloy's austenitic microstruc- systems. The molybdenum and nitrogen content
due to its high level of chromium. Alloy 28 offers ture remains stable during long-time exposure to provide resistance to pitting and crevice corro-
and crevice corrosion in chemicals containing
resistance to general, localized and stress-induced high temperature. Used in industrial heating for sion, while copper enhances resistance to sulfuric
chlorides and sulfuric, phosphoric, and nitric corrosion by chlorides and hydrogen sulfides.
acids. Used for tanks, piping, heat exchangers, furnace muffles, retorts, and conveyor systems acid. The alloy is especially suited for service
Thus, it is widely used in oilfield applications. and for heat-treating baskets and fixtures. in high-chloride environments such as brackish
pumps, valves, and other process equipment. Tubes are cold worked to high levels of strength water, seawater, caustic chlorides and pulp mill
for downhole service in deep sour gas wells. With bleach systems.
its excellent combination of strength and corro-
sion resistance, alloy 28 also finds applications in
the process industries. It is especially useful for Standard Tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, forging stock, Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar,
handling phosphoric acid. Due to its resistance to Product Forms hexagon, wire, and wire rod. forging stock and wire.
chlorides, alloy 28 tubes may be used in the marine
industry for seawater-cooled heat exchangers. UNS N08330 ASME SB-366, SB-511, SB-512, UNS N08925, N08926 ASME SA-240, SA-480, SB-366,
ASTM B 366, B 511, B 512, SB-535, SB-536, SB-546, ASTM A 240, A 480, B 366, SB-472, SB-625, SB-649,
Standard Pipe, tube, sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forg- Tube. Major B 535, B 536, B 546, B 710, SB-710, SB-739, SB-829 B 472, B 625, B 649, B SB-673, SB-674, SB-677,
Product Forms ing stock, hexagon and wire.
Specifications B 739, B 829 Werkstoff Nr. 1.4886 673, B 674, SB-751, SB-775, SB-804,
UNS N08028 Werkstoff Nr. 1.4563 SAE AMS 5592, 5716 B 677, B 751, B 775, SB-829
UNS N08020 ASME SA-240, SA-480, SB-366, ASTM B 668, B 709, B 829 NACE MR-01-75 B 804, B 829 ASME Code Cases 2120,
ASTM A 240, A 480, B 366, SB-462 – SB-464, ASME SB-668, SB-709, SB-829
Major W. Nr. 1.4529 N-453, N-454, N-455
B 462 – 464, B 468, SB-468, SB-471 – SB-475,
Specifications B 471 – B 475, B 729, B 751, SB-729, SB-751, SB-775, Ni ....34.0 – 37.0 Si.....0.75 – 1.50 P......0.030 max. Ni..... 24.0 – 26.0 Cu........ 0.5 – 1.5 P........0.03 max.
B 775, B 829, B 906 SB-829, SB-906 Ni ....30.0 – 34.0 Fe.........Balance S......0.030 max. Limiting Fe.... Remainder C........0.08 max. S......0.030 max. Fe.... Remainder N...... 0.15 – 0.25 S........0.01 max.
DIN 17744, 17750-17754 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723 – 9725 Cr.....26.0 – 28.0 Mn.....2.50 max. Si.......1.00 max. Chemical Cr.....17.0 – 20.0 Mn.......2.0 max. Cr...... 19.0 – 21.0 C........0.02 max. Si.........0.5 max.
Mo.......3.0 – 4.0 C......0.030 max. Composition, % Mo....... 6.0 – 7.0 Mn.......2.0 max.
Limiting Ni ....32.0 – 38.0 Nb + Ta... 8xC-1.0 Mn.......2.0 max. Cu........0.6 – 1.4 P......0.030 max.
Fe.... Remainder Mo.........2.0 – 3.0 P......0.045 max.
Chemical Cr.....19.0 – 21.0 Nb.......... 1.0 max. S......0.035 max.
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.292 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.290
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.08 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.03
Composition, Cu........3.0 – 4.0 C.......... 0.07 max. Si.........1.0 max. Density, Ib/in3 . ..........................................................0.29 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2410 – 2550
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2520 – 2590
% g/cm3 .............................................................8.0
°C........................................ 1380 – 1420 °C........................................ 1320 – 1400
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.292 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.105 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F.............................................0.12
J/kg • °C............................................ (450) Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F.............................................0.11
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.08 J/kg • °C...............................................500
Coefficient of Expansion, 10 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................460
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.005
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F.............................................0.12 -6

J/kg • °C...............................................500 75 – 200°F (21 – 93°C)................ 8.3 (15.0) Constants Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..................1.02
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
Physical Coefficient of Expansion, 77 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....8.2
75 – 500°F (21 – 260°C).............. 8.8 (15.9) and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
75 – 200°F (24 – 93°C)................ 8.3 (14.9) 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C) ............ 8.42 (15.2)
Constants 25 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......14.7
75 – 800°F (21 – 427°C).............. 9.3 (16.8)
Properties 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C).......... 9.12 (16.4)
and Thermal Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................66 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F..........................86 70 – 1200°F (21 – 649°C)........ 9.41 (16.9)
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................85 W/m • °C.................................12.4
W/m • °C.................................11.4
Properties W/m•°C..................................12.3 Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.....................79.8
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm•circ mil/ft..........................594 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................612 W/m • °C................................11.5
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................651 µΩ•m......................................1.017
µΩ•m........................................0.99
µΩ•m........................................1.08 Electrical ResistivityA, ohm•circ mil/ft..........................480
Young's ModulusA, 106 psi.........................................29.0 µΩ • m......................................0.80
GPa........................................200 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)..................... 27.3 (188)
A
Room temperature, as annealed. A
Room temperature, as annealed.

(Annealed) (Annealed) (Annealed) (Annealed)


Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................90 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................73 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................100
MPa.................................................620 MPa.................................................500 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1400°F / 760°C ................................... 7.0 48 MPa.................................................690
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................45 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................31 1600°F / 870°C ................................... 3.1 21 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................48
MPa..............................300 MPa..............................214 1800°F / 980°C ................................... 1.25 8.6 MPa..............................330
Elongation, %...............................................................40 Elongation, %...............................................................40 2000°F / 1095°C ................................... 0.78 5.4
Hardness (HRB)......................................................70/90 Elongation %................................................................42
Typical 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Temperature, °C
Mechanical 120
800 (Cold Worked) Typical 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
INCOLOY alloy 020 (Annealed)
Properties 700
Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................130
Mechanical 120
800
120
INCOLOY alloy 25-6MO 800
100 MPa.................................................896 INCOLOY alloy 330 (Annealed)
Elongation, %

Tensile Strength (Annealed)


600
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi ...............................110 Properties 100 700 100 Tensile Strength 700

Elongation, %
Elongation, %
80
MPa..............................758 Tensile Strength 600 600
Stress, MPa

500
80 80

Stress, MPa
500
60 Elongation, %...............................................................15

Stress, MPa
400 500
Elongation
Hardness (HRC)..................................................33 max. 60 60 Elongation 400
Stress, ksi

300 400
40 Elongation

Stress, ksi
300

Stress, ksi
200 300 40
40
20 Yield Strength
(0.2% Offset) 100 200 Yield Strength 200
20 (0.2% Offset)
20
0 0 Yield Strength 100 100
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 (0.2% Offset)
0 0 0 0
Temperature, °F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
22 Typical usage range Temperature, °F Temperature, °F 23
Typical usage range
INCOLOY® alloy 25-6HN INCOLOY® alloy 27-7MO INCOLOY® alloy A-286 NIMONIC® alloy 75
INCOLOY alloy 25-6HN is a super-austenitic stainless An advanced 7% molybdenum super-austenitic An alloy that is precipitation hardenable for A nickel-chromium alloy with good mechani-
steel containing 6% molybdenum and with properties stainless steel offering corrosion resistance in high mechanical properties. The alloy maintains cal properties and oxidation resistance at high
enhanced by its content of nitrogen. Its high content most environments superior to 6% molybde- good strength and oxidation resistance at tem- temperatures. Used for sheet-metal fabrications
of nickel results in thermal stability and resistance to num super-austenitic stainless steels. In many peratures up to about 1300˚F (700˚C). The alloy's in gas-turbine engines, for components of
stress corrosion cracking. Designated as UNS N08367, environments, alloy 27-7MO offers resistance high strength and excellent fabrication charac- industrial furnaces, for heat-treating equip-
alloy 25-6HN directly competes with alloy AL6XN®1. approaching or exceeding that of much more teristics make it useful for various components ment and fixtures, and in nuclear engineering.
The same ASTM, ASME, and NACE specifications cover highly alloyed materials such as INCONEL
the alloys. Alloy 25-6HN offers significantly improved of aircraft and industrial gas turbines. Applica-
alloys 625, 22 and C-276. Applications for this tions include blades, vanes, shafts, tail cones,
strength and corrosion resistance in most environments alloy are found in the pollution control, power,
over conventional austenitic stainless steels such as AISI afterburners, springs, and fasteners. This alloy is
marine, chemical processing, pulp and paper,
304 or 316L. Typical applications include welded tubes also used for automotive applications.
pharmaceutical, and oil and gas industries.
for heat exchangers for chemical processing and marine
applications and for desalination systems, flue gas des-
ulfurization equipment for coal-fired power plants, and Standard Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, forging stock,
reaction vessels for pharmaceutical production. Product Forms hexagon and wire. wire and extruded section.

1
“AL6XN” is a registered trademark of Allegheny Lud- UNS S66286 BS HR 51, HR 52, HR 650 UNS N06075 AECMA Pr EN 2293, 2294,
lum Corporation. ASTM A 453, A 638 AECMA Pr EN 2119, BS HR5, HR203, HR403, HR504 2302, 2306 – 2308,
Major ASME SA-453, SA-638 2171 – 2175, 2303, 2304, DIN 17742, 17750 – 17752 2402, 2411
Standard Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, wire rod and forging stock. Sheet, plate, bar and wire. Specifications SAE AMS 5525, 5726, 2398, 2399, 2417, 3510 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4951, 2.4630
Product Forms 5731, 5732, 5734, 5737, NACE MR-0175/ISO 15156 ISO 6207, 6208, 9723-9725
5858, 5895, 7235 W. NR. 1.4980
UNS N08367 ASME SB688, SA240, SB691, UNS S31277 ASME Code Case 2458
ASTM B688, A240, B691, B564, SB564, SB472, SB676, ASTM A 182, A 213, A 240,
Major B472, B676, B675, B804, SB675, SB804, SB462,    A 249, A 312, A 479
Limiting Ni ....24.0 – 27.0 Mo.......1.0 – 1.5 Si.........1.0 max. Ni..... Remainder C......0.08 – 0.15 Fe........5.0 max.
Specifications B462, B366 SB366  ASME SA 182, SA 213, Chemical Cr.....13.5 – 16.0 V......0.10 – 0.50 Al.......0.35 max. Cr . ..18.0 – 21.0 Si ........1.0 max. Mn ......1.0 max.
   SA 240, SA 249, SA 312 Composition, Fe.........Balance C........0.08 max. S......0.030 max. Ti . .......0.2 – 0.6 Cu........0.5 max.
   SA 479 Ti......1.90 – 2.35 Mn.......2.0 max. B....0.001 – 0.01
%
Limiting Ni ... 23.50 – 25.50 N......0.18 – 0.25 Si.......1.00 max. Ni ....26.0 – 28.0 N............ 0.3-0.4 S........0.01 max.
Density, Ib/in3 (g/m3) .................................... 0.287 (7.94) Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.302
Chemical Cr.... 20.00 – 22.00 Cu......0.75 max. P......0.040 max. Cr.....20.5 – 23.0 Fe.... Remainder Si.........0.5 max.
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.37
Fe.........Balance C........0.03 max. S......0.030 max. Mo.......6.5 – 8.0 Mn.....3.00 max. C......0.020 max. Melting Range, °F (°C)......... 2500 – 2600 (1370 – 1430)
Composition, Mo...... 6.00 – 7.00 Mn.....2.00 max. Cu.......... 0.5-1.5 P........0.03 max. Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C)................ 0.100 (419) Melting Range, °F......................................... 2440 – 2520
% Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.007 °C........................................ 1340 – 1380
Physical Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.110
Density, Ib/in3. .........................................................0.291 DensityA, Ib/in3 (g/cm3) ................................. 0.289 (8.02)
g/cm3 .........................................................8.06
Constants 70 – 200°F (21 – 93 °C)............ 9.09 (16.4)
J/kg • °C...............................................461
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F (J/kg • °C).......................... 0.109 (454)
Melting Range, °F.........................................2470 – 2550 PermeabilityA at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m).........................1.004
and Thermal 70 – 800°F (21 – 427°C).......... 9.61 (17.3) Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......6.1
20 – 100°C µm/m • °C ......11.0
Physical °C........................................1320 – 1400 Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C) Properties 70 – 1400°F (21 – 760°C)........ 9.67 (17.4)
Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 • °F (W/m • °C)...88 (12.7) Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................81.1
Constants Permeability at 200 Oersted..............................................1.003 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C) ............ 8.33 (15.0) Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft........................547 W/m • °C.................................11.7
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F Thermal ConductivityA, Btu • in/ft2 h• °F (W/m • K).... 69.8 (10.1) µΩ • m....................................0.910 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................656
Properties 70 – 200°F...........................................8.66 Electrical ResistivityA, ohm • circ mil/ft..................................604 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)..................... 29.1 (201) µΩ•m........................................1.09
70 – 800°F ..........................................9.05 µΩ • cm................................................100 HardnessA, HRC...........................................................31
70 – 1200°F . .......................................9.53 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa)............................... 27.7 (191) A
Room temperature, as aged.
Shear Strength, 106 psi (GPa)..................................... 10.8 (74)
Poisson’s Ratio....................................................................0.29
Melting Range, °F (°C).........................2460-2530 (1350-1390) (Precipitation Hardened) (Annealed)
Temperature, °C Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1400°F / 760°C....................................... 6.0 40
(Annealed) (Annealed) 240 1500°F / 815°C . .................................... 3.5 24
1600
Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................108 Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................120 INCOLOY alloy A-286 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600°F / 870°C....................................... 2.2 15
MPa.................................................744 MPa.................................................827 200 1400
1700°F / 925°C....................................... 1.5 10

Elongation, %
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................55 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................60
1200 1800°F / 980°C....................................... 1.2 8
160
MPa..............................381 MPa..............................414 Tensile Strength

Stress, MPa
1000 Temperature, °C
Typical 120 800 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Elongation, %...............................................................48 Elongation %................................................................50
Mechanical 120

Stress, ksi
600 800
Yield Strength NIMONIC alloy 75 (Annealed)
Hardness.............................................................. 90HRB
Typical Effect of Cold Work on flat INCOLOY alloy 27-7Mo products Properties 80
(0.2% Offset)
400 100 700

Elongation, %
Tensile Strength
Mechanical 300
INCONEL alloy 27-7MO 1600
40
Elongation 200
80
600

Properties

Stress, MPa
250 1400
0 0 500
Elongation, %

Tensile Strength 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F 60 400
200 1200
Elongation
Typical usage range
Stress, MPa

Stress, ksi
300
1000 40
150 Yield Strength
(0.2% Offset) 800
200
Yield Strength
Stress, ksi

20
100 (0.2% Offset) 100
600

400 0 0
50
Elongation 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
200
Temperature, °F
0 0
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%
Cold Rolling %
24 25
NIMONIC® alloy 80A NIMONIC® alloy 86 NIMONIC® alloy 90 NIMONIC® alloy 105

A nickel-chromium alloy similar to NIMONIC A nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy with a A precipitation-hardenable nickel-chromium- A precipitation-hardenable nickel-cobalt-
alloy 75 but made precipitation hardenable by rare-earth (cerium) addition. It combines good cobalt alloy having high stress-rupture strength chromium alloy with an addition of molyb-
additions of aluminum and titanium. The alloy formability and weldability with exceptional and creep resistance at temperatures to about denum for solid-solution strengthening. The
has good corrosion and oxidation resistance resistance to oxidation and scaling at tempera- 1700°F (920°C). The alloy also has good resis- relatively high aluminum content enhances
and high tensile and creep-rupture properties tures to 1920°F (1050°C). Used in gas turbines tance to high-temperature corrosion and oxida- both strength (through greater precipitation
at temperatures to 1500°F (815°C). Used for gas- for sheet-metal fabrications such as combustion tion. Used for blades and discs in gas turbines, hardening) and oxidation resistance. The
turbine components (blades, rings, and discs), chambers and afterburners and in heat-treating hot-working tools, and springs. alloy has high creep-rupture properties at
bolts, tube supports in nuclear steam generators, furnaces. temperatures to about 1740°F (950°C). Used
die-casting inserts and cores, and exhaust valves in gas turbines for blades, discs, and shafts.
in internal-combustion engines.

Sheet, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, hexagon, Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, forging stock, Standard Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock, Round and extruded section.
Standard Product Forms wire and extruded section.
wire, extruded section and plate. extruded sections and wire.
Product Forms
UNS N07090 AECMA Pr EN BS HR3 AECMA Pr EN 2179 – 2181
UNS N07080 DIN 17742 Major BS HR2, HR202, HR402, 2295 – 2299, 2400, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4634
BS 3076 (NA20), HR1, Werkstoff Nr. 2.4952, 2.4631 Specifications
Major HR201, HR401, HR601 AECMA Pr EN 2188 – 2191,
None applicable. HR501 – HR503 2401, 2669, 2670
Werkstoff Nr. 2.4632
Specifications ASTM B 637 2396, 2397
AIR 9165-37
Limiting
Limiting Ni .... Remainder Si.........1.0 max. B .....0.008 max. Nominal Limiting Ni..... Remainder C........0.13 max. B........0.02 max. Ni..... Remainder Al.........4.5 – 4.9 Mn ......1.0 max.
Chemical
Cr.....18.0 – 21.0 Cu........0.2 max. Zr.......0.15 max. Ni ..................65 Mo..............10.0 C.................0.05 Chemical Cr . .. 18.0 – 21.0 Si ........1.0 max. S .....0.015 max. Co ....18.0 – 22.0 C .......0.12 max. S......0.010 max.
Ti..........1.8 – 2.7 Fe........3.0 max. S......0.015 max. Cr................25.0 Ce ..............0.03 Co ....15.0 – 21.0 Cu........0.2 max. Zr ......0.15 max.
Composition, Al ........1.0 – 1.8 Mn.......1.0 max. Composition, Ti . .......2.0 – 3.0 Fe........1.5 max.
Cr . .. 14.0 – 15.7 Si.........1.0 max. B ...0.003 – 0.010
Mo.......4.5 – 5.5 Cu........0.2 max. Zr ......0.15 max.
% C........0.10 max. Co........2.0 max. % Al ........1.0 – 2.0 Mn ......1.0 max. Ti..........0.9 – 1.5 Fe .......1.0 max.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.296 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.309


g/cm3 ...........................................................8.54 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.296 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.289
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.19 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.18 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.01
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2410 – 2490 Young's Modulus, 106 psi .........................................30.5
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2390 – 2500 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2350 – 2450
°C........................................ 1320 – 1365 GPa..............................................210
°C........................................ 1310 – 1370 °C........................................ 1290 – 1345
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.107 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10 in/in • °F......7.1 -6
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.107 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................448 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......12.7 J/kg • °C...............................................446 J/kg • °C...............................................419
Constants Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0006 Physical
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0706 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0007
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......7.1 Constants
Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......7.1 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......6.8
Properties
20 – 100°C µm/m • °C ......12.7 and Thermal 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......12.7 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......12.2
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................77.7 Properties Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................79.7 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.....................75.51
W/m • °C.................................11.2
W/m•°C..................................11.5 W/m•°C................................10.89
Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................746
µΩ•m........................................1.24 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................710 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................788
µΩ•m........................................1.18 µΩ•m........................................1.31

(Precipitation Hardened) (Solution Annealed)


Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa (Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened)
1100°F / 595°C........................................ 94 650 1500°F / 815°C......................................... 11.6 80 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1200°F / 650°C . ..................................... 73 500 1600°F / 870°C . ...................................... 7.3 50 1300°F / 705°C........................................ 52 360 1380°F / 750°C........................................ 52.6 363
1300°F / 705°C........................................ 51 350 1700°F / 925°C......................................... 4.1 28 1400°F / 760°C . ..................................... 35 240 1500°F / 815°C . ..................................... 32.5 224
1400°F / 760°C........................................ 32 220 1800°F / 980°C......................................... 2.6 18 1500°F / 815°C........................................ 22 150 1600°F / 870°C........................................ 19.4 134
1500°F / 815°C........................................ 16 110 1600°F / 870°C........................................ 11 75 1725°F / 940°C........................................ 9.0 62
1800°F / 980°C........................................ 4.6 32
0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Temperature, °C Typical Temperature, °C Temperature, ° C

Typical 240
1600 240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Mechanical 240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

NIMONIC alloy 80A (Precipitation Hardened)


Mechanical 200 1400
NIMONIC alloy 86 (Solution Annealed)
1600
Properties NIMONIC alloy 90 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600

1400
NIMONIC alloy 105 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600

1400 200
Elongation, %

Tensile Strength 200 200 1400

Elongation, %
Properties
Elongation, %

Elongation, %
1200 Tensile Strength 1200
1200 Tensile Strength 1200
160 160
160
160
Stress, MPa

1000

Stress, MPa
Yield Strength 1000
Stress, MPa

1000

Stress, MPa
Yield Strength 1000
120 (0.2% Offset)
800 120 120 (0.2% Offset) 800 Yield Strength
Tensile Strength 800 120 (0.2% Offset) 800

Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

600 600
Stress, ksi

80 600 80

Stress, ksi
80 600
Elongation 400 80
400 400 Elongation
40 Elongation 40
40 400
200
200 200 40 Elongation
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset) 0 0 200
0 0 0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0
Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F
Temperature, ° F
Typical usage range
Typical usage range Typical usage range

26 27
NIMONIC® alloy 115 NIMONIC® alloy 263 NIMONIC® alloy 901 NIMONIC® alloy PE11

A precipitation-hardenable nickel-chromium- A precipitation-hardenable nickel-chromium- A nickel-iron-chromium alloy containing tita- A nickel-iron-chromium alloy precipitation
cobalt alloy with an addition of molybdenum cobalt alloy with an addition of molybdenum nium and aluminum for precipitation hardening hardened by titanium and aluminum and
for solid-solution strengthening. It is similar to for solid-solution strengthening. It has high and molybdenum for solid-solution strength- solid-solution strengthened by an addition
NIMONIC alloy 105 but has higher levels of alu- strength and corrosion resistance along with ening. The alloy has high yield strength and of molybdenum. It was developed as a high-
minum and titanium for increased strengthening good formability and high-temperature ductil- creep resistance at temperatures to about 1110°F strength sheet alloy for use at temperatures to
by precipitation hardening. The alloy has high ity in welded structures. The alloy is especially (600°C). A substantial iron content enables the 1020°F (550°C). The high iron content provides
strength and creep resistance at temperatures to suitable for sheet applications. Used in gas alloy to combine high strength with good forg- good workability and also relatively high
about 1850°F (1010°C). Used for turbine blades turbines for rings, casings, and various sheet ing characteristics. Used in gas turbines for discs tensile ductility, especially after welding.
in aircraft gas turbines. fabrications. and shafts. Used for components of gas turbines.

Standard Round and extruded section. Sheet, strip, plate, round bar, flat bar, Standard Flat or round bar, extruded section and forging billet. Sheet, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock
Product Forms forging stock, wire and extruded section. Product Forms and wire.

BS HR4 AECMA Pr EN 2196, 2197 UNS N07263 AECMA Pr EN UNS N09901 AECMA Pr EN 2176 – 2178 None Applicable.
Major Werkstoff Nr. 2.4636 BS HR10, HR206, HR404 2199 – 2203, 2418 Major BS HR55 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4662
Specifications SAE AMS 5872 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4650 Specifications SAE AMS 5660, 5661 ISO 9723, 9725
DIN 17744, 17750-17754

Ni..... Remainder Al.........4.5 – 5.5 Mn ......1.0 max. Ni .... Remainder Al.......0.60 max. S......0.007 max. Limiting Nia ....40.0 – 45.0 Ti . .......2.8 – 3.1 Cu........0.5 max. Ni ....37.0 – 41.0 Al.........0.7 – 1.0 Co........1.0 max.
Limiting Cr . ...14.0 – 16.0 C .......0.12 – 0.2 S......0.015 max. Cr......19.0 – 21.0 Ti+Al....2.4 – 2.8 B......0.005 max. Fe ... Remainder Al.......0.35 max. Mn.......0.5 max. Fe..... Remainder C......0.03 – 0.08 B......0.001 max.
Chemical Co ....13.0 – 15.5 Si.........1.0 max. B ....0.01 – 0.025 Co.....19.0 – 21.0 C......0.04 – 0.08 Cu......0.20 max. Chemical Cr..... 11.0 – 14.0 C..........0.1 max. Co .......1.0 max. Cr..... 17.0 – 19.0 Si.........0.5 max. Zr.....0.02 – 0.05
Composition, Mo.......3.0 – 5.0 Cu........0.2 max. Zr ......0.15 max. Mo.......5.6 – 6.1 Si.......0.40 max. Fe........0.7 max. Composition, Mo.......5.0 – 6.5 Si ........0.4 max. S .......0.03 max. Mo....4.75 – 5.75 Cu........0.5 max. S......0.015 max.
Ti..........3.5 – 4.5 Fe .......1.0 max. Ti..........1.9 – 2.4 Mn.....0.60 max. %
a
Plus Co. Ti..........2.2 – 2.5 Mn.......0.2 max.
%
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.294 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.290
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.284 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.302 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.14 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.02
g/cm3 ...........................................................7.85 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.36
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2335 – 2455 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2340 – 2460
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2300 – 2400 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2370 – 2470 °C........................................ 1280 – 1345 °C........................................ 1280 – 1350
°C........................................ 1260 – 1315 °C........................................ 1300 – 1355
Physical Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.103 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.104
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.106 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.110
Constants J/kg • °C...............................................444 J/kg • °C...............................................461 Constants J/kg • °C...............................................431 J/kg • °C...............................................436
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F.....6.7 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0008 and Thermal Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.013 Permeability at 300 Oersted (23.9 kA/m)................1.021
Properties 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C .....12.0
Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......5.7 Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......7.5
20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......13.5
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................73.5 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......10.3
W/m•°C..................................10.6 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................674
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F.......................81.1 µΩ•m........................................1.12
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................836 W/m•°C..................................11.7
µΩ•m........................................1.39
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................692
µΩ•m........................................1.15
(Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened)
(Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened) Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1000°F / 540°C........................................ 116 800 1200°F / 650°C........................................ 49 340
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa
1100°F / 595°C ....................................... 87 600 1300°F / 705°C . ..................................... 36 250
1400°F / 760°C.......................................... 65 450 1110°F / 600°C....................................... 81.8 564
1200°F / 650°C........................................ 65 450 1400°F / 760°C........................................ 21 140
1500°F / 815°C . ....................................... 45 310 1290°F / 700°C . ..................................... 38.1 263 Typical
1600°F / 870°C.......................................... 30 210 1470°F / 800°C........................................ 16.8 116 1300°F / 705°C........................................ 44 300
1560°F / 850°C........................................ 8.7 60
Mechanical 1400°F / 760°C........................................ 29 200 Temperature, °C
1700°F / 925°C . ....................................... 19 130
Typical 1800°F / 980°C.......................................... 12 80 1650°F / 900°C........................................ 5.2 36 Properties Temperature, °C
240
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Mechanical Temperature, °C Temperature, °C 240
1600
NIMONIC alloy PE11 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600

Properties 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 NIMONIC alloy 901 (Precipitation Hardened) 200 1400

Elongation, %
240 200 1400 1200
1600
240 Tensile Strength

Elongation, %
1600 160
NIMONIC alloy 115 (Precipitation Hardened) NIMONIC alloy 263 (Precipitation Hardened) Tensile Strength 1200

Stress, MPa
1000
200 1400 200 1400 160
Elongation, %

Elongation, %

Stress, MPa
Tensile Strength 1000 120 800
1200 1200
160 160 120 800

Stress, ksi
Yield Strength 600
Yield Strength 80
Stress, MPa

Stress, MPa

1000 1000 (0.2% Offset)


Tensile Strength (0.2% Offset)

Stress, ksi
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset) 600 400
120 800 120 800 80
40 Elongation
400 200
Yield Strength
Stress, ksi

Stress, ksi

600 600 40
80 80 (0.2% Offset) Elongation 200 0 0
400 400 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
40 40 0 0
200 Elongation 200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Temperature, °F
Elongation
Temperature, °F Typical usage range
0 0 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Typical usage range
Temperature, °F Temperature, °F

28 29
NIMONIC® alloy PE16 NIMONIC® alloy PK33 BRIGHTRAY® alloy B BRIGHTRAY® alloy C

A precipitation-hardenable nickel-iron-chro- A nickel-chromium-cobalt alloy that is precipi- A nickel-iron-chromium electrical-resistance A nickel-chromium electrical-resistance alloy
mium alloy with an addition of molybdenum tation hardenable and also contains a relatively alloy for use at operating temperatures up to for use at operating temperatures up to 2100°F
for solid-solution strengthening. It has good high (7%) level of molybdenum for solid- 2010°F (1100°C). It contains rare-earth additions (1150°C). It contains rare-earth additions for
strength and oxidation resistance at tempera- solution strengthening. It has an exceptional for increased oxidation resistance, especially increased oxidation resistance, especially un-
tures to about 1380°F (750°C). The alloy is combination of high-temperature strength, under conditions of frequent switching or wide der conditions of frequent switching or wide
designed to provide a precipitation-hardened creep resistance, and ductility when welded. temperature fluctuations. The alloy has a rela- temperature fluctuations. The alloy has a low
material having excellent hot-working, cold- The alloy is especially suitable for welded tively high temperature coefficient of resistance. temperature coefficient of resistance, making it
working, and welding characteristics. Used sheet structures. Used in gas turbines for flame Used for heating elements in domestic suitable for control resistors. Used for heating
for gas-turbine components and in nuclear tubes and other components. appliances and industrial equipment. elements in domestic appliances and industrial
reactors. equipment.

Standard Sheet, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock,


Standard Sheet, strip and wire. Wire.
Sheet, plate, round bar, flat bar, forging stock,
Product Forms and extruded section. and extruded section. Product Forms

Major Major UNS N06004 Werkstoff Nr. 2.4867 UNS N06003


BS HR55, HR207 None applicable. Werkstoff Nr. 2.4869
Specifications Specifications DIN 17742

Limitinga Limitinga
Limiting Nia ....42.0 – 45.0 Ti . .......1.1 – 1.3 Mn.......0.2 max. Ni .... Remainder Al.........1.7 – 2.5 Mn.......0.5 max. Limiting Ni ......57.0 min.
b
Si.......0.75 – 1.6 S........0.01 max. Nib.... Remainder Fe........1.0 max. S .......0.01 max.
Chemical Fe .... Remainder Al.........1.1 – 1.3 Co .......2.0 max. Cr..... 16.0 – 20.0 C........0.07 max. S......0.015 max. Chemical Fe.... Remainder Mn.......1.0 max. Cr . ........ 19 – 21 Mn ......1.0 max.
Cr......15.5 – 17.5 C......0.04 – 0.08 B .....0.005 max. Co.... 12.0 – 16.0 Si.........0.5 max. B......0.005 max.
Composition, Mo.......2.8 – 3.8 Si ........0.5 max. Zr......0.02 – 0.04 Mo.......5.0 – 9.0 Cu........0.2 max. Zr.......0.06 max.
Composition, Cr........... 14 – 18 C........0.15 max. Si ......0.75 – 1.6 C........0.15 max.
% a
Plus Co. Cu........0.5 max. S .....0.015 max. Ti..........1.5 – 3.0 Fe........1.0 max. % a
As in UNS N06004. Also contains rare-earth additions. bPlus Co. a
As in N06003. Also contains rare-earth additions. bPlus Co.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.302 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.308


Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.289 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.297 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.36 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.53
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.00 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.21
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2550 – 2590 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2520 – 2550
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2390 – 2470 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2340 – 2450 °C........................................ 1400 – 1420 °C........................................ 1380 – 1400
°C........................................ 1310 – 1355 °C........................................ 1300 – 1345
Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.110 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.130 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100 Physical J/kg • °C...............................................461 J/kg • °C...............................................419
Constants J/kg • °C.............................................544 J/kg • °C.............................................419
Constants Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..................1.68 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0005
and Thermal Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)....................1.4 Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..............1.0005
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....6.9 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....6.9
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......7.7 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F 10-6 in/in • °F......6.7 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.5 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.5
20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......13.8 20 – 100°C µm/m • °C.......12.1 Properties Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................662 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................650
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.....................81.26 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................78.3 µΩ • m........................................1.10 µΩ•m........................................1.08
W/m•°C................................11.72 W/m•°C..................................11.3
Temp. Coefficient of Resistance, Temp. Coefficient of Resistance,
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................662 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................758 68 – 932°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ..100
µΩ•m........................................1.10 µΩ•m........................................1.26 68 – 932°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ....78
20 – 500°C, µΩ/Ω•°C..................180 20 – 500°C, µΩ/Ω•°C..................140

(Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened)


(Annealed) (Annealed)
Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................110
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................90
1200°F / 650°C.................................... 52.6 363 1200°F / 650°C........................................ 87 600 MPa.................................................760
MPa.................................................620
1290°F / 700°C . ................................. 37.0 255 1300°F / 705°C . ..................................... 65 450
1400°F / 760°C........................................ 44 300 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................30 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................48
1380°F / 750°C.................................... 22.5 155
1500°F / 815°C........................................ 26 180 MPa..............................210 MPa..............................330
1600°F / 870°C........................................ 15 100
Typical 0 100 200 300 400
Temperature, ° C
500 600 700 800 900 1000 Temperature, °C
Temperature, °C
Mechanical 120
800
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Typical 0 100 200 300
Temperature, ° C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

Properties 100 700


240
NIMONIC alloy PK33 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600
Mechanical 120
800
120
BRIGHTRAY alloy C (Annealed)
800
BRIGHTRAY alloy B (Annealed)
Elongation, %

200 1400
Tensile Strength
Properties 700
Elongation, %

600 100 700 100


80 Tensile Strength 1200 Tensile Strength
Yield Strength Tensile Strength 600
Stress, MPa

500 160 600


(0.2% Offset) 80
Stress, MPa

1000 80

Stress, MPa
60 400 Yield Strength 500

Stress, MPa
500

Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi
120 (0.2% Offset) 800
60 400
Stress, ksi

300 60 400
40
Stress, ksi

600 Yield Strength


200 80 300
300 40 (0.2% Offset)
40 Yield Strength
20 Elongation 400 (0.2% Offset)
100 Elongation 200 200
NIMONIC alloy PE16 40
(Precipitation Hardened) 200 20 20
0 0 100 100
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0 0 0
Temperature, ° F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, °F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Typical usage range Temperature, ° F Temperature, °F
Typical usage range

30 31
BRIGHTRAY® alloy F BRIGHTRAY® alloy S BRIGHTRAY® alloy 35 NILO® alloy 36

A nickel-iron-chromium electrical-resistance A nickel-chromium electrical-resistance alloy A nickel-iron-chromium electrical-resistance A nickel-iron low-expansion alloy contain-
alloy for use at temperatures up to 1920°F for use at temperatures up to 2100°F (1150°C) alloy for use at operating temperatures up to ing 36% nickel. It maintains nearly constant
(1050°C) under continuous operating conditions. under continuous operating conditions. It 1920°F (1050°C). It is similar to BRIGHTRAY dimensions over the range of normal atmo-
Its high iron content and relatively low level of is similar to BRIGHTRAY alloy C but does alloy F but with rare-earth additions for greater spheric temperatures, and has a low coefficient
nickel make it particularly resistant to internal not contain rare-earth additions. It has good resistance to oxidation under conditions of of expansion from cryogenic temperatures to
oxidation in atmospheres that alternate between resistance to oxidizing, neutral, and reducing frequent switching or wide temperature fluctua- about 500°F (260°C). The alloy also retains good
oxidizing and reducing or carburizing. The alloy atmospheres. The alloy has a low temperature tions. The alloy has a high temperature coeffi- strength and toughness at cryogenic tempera-
has a high temperature coefficient of resistance. coefficient of resistance. Used for heating ele- cient of resistance. Used for heating elements in tures. Used for standards of length, measuring
Used for heating elements in industrial furnaces. ments in industrial furnaces. domestic appliances and industrial equipment. devices, laser components, bi-metal thermostat
strip, thermostat rods, and tanks and piping for
storing and transporting liquefied gases.

Standard Sheet, strip and wire. Strip and wire.


Standard Wire. Pipe, tube, sheet, plate, round bar, forging stock
Product Forms Product Forms and wire.

None applicable. UNS N06003 Major None applicable. UNS K93600, K93601
Major DIN 17742 DIN 385, 1715
Specifications
Specifications Werkstoff Nr. 2.4869 Werkstoff Nr. 1.3912

Nia .........34 – 37 Si.........1.0 – 3.0 S .......0.01 max. Ni ....35.0 – 38.0 P......0.025 max. Mo.....0.50 max.
Limiting Nominal Limiting Limiting Fe ... Remainder Mn ......1.0 max. Fe.... Remainder S......0.025 max. Co........1.0 max.
Ni ... Remainder
a
S........0.01 max. C........0.15 max. Chemical
Chemical Ni ...............37.0 Cr................18.0 Mn................1.2
Cr.....19.0 – 21.0 Fe........1.0 max.
Cr . ........18 – 21 C........0.15 max. C........0.10 max. Si.......0.35 max.
Fe...............42.0 Si..................2.3 C.................0.05 Mn.....0.60 max. Cr.......0.50 max.
Composition, Si.....0.75 – 1.75 Mn.......1.0 max. Composition, a
Plus Co.

% a
Plus Co. % Also contains rare-earth additions.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.286 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.305 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.301 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.293
g/cm3 ...........................................................7.92 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.44 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.33 g/cm3 . .........................................................8.11
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2430 – 2550 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2550 – 2590 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2440 – 2520 Melting Temperature (Approximate), °F....................2610
°C........................................ 1330 – 1400 °C........................................ 1400 – 1420 °C........................................ 1340 – 1380 °C...................1430
Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.107 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.100 Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.125 Inflection Point, °F......................................................430
Physical J/kg • °C...............................................450 J/kg • °C.............................................419
Constants J/kg • °C...............................................523 °C......................................................220
Constants Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.038 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....6.9
and Thermal
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)................1.026 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................69.3
20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.5 W/m • °C.................................10.0
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10 in/in • °F ....8.3 -6

20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......15.0 Properties


Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ....7.2
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................662 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C......12.9 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.....0.83
Properties Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................650 µΩ•m........................................1.10 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C..........1.5
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................614
µΩ•m........................................1.08 Temp. Coefficient of Resistance, µΩ•m........................................1.02 68 – 392°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.......1.4
Temp. Coefficient of Resistance, 68 – 932°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ....33 20 – 200°C, µm/m • °C..........2.6
Temp. Coefficient of Resistance,
68 – 932°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ..160 20 – 500°C, µΩ/Ω•°C....................60
68 – 932°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ..180 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................480
20 – 500°C, µΩ/Ω•°C..................290 20 – 500°C, µΩ /Ω•°C..................330 µΩ•m......................................0.800

(Annealed)
(Annealed) (Annealed) (Annealed)
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................71
Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................100 Tensile Strength, 70°F, ksi..................................106.5 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................88
MPa.................................................490
MPa.................................................690 20°C, MPa.................................734 MPa.................................................610
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................35
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................54 1110°F, ksi.................................72.8 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................36
MPa..............................240
MPa..............................370 600°C, MPa...............................502 MPa..............................250
Elongation, %...............................................................42
1470°F, ksi................................30.3 Temperature, °C
Temperature, ° C 800°C, MPa...............................209 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Temperature, ° C

Typical
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Typical 120
800
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
BRIGHTRAY alloy 35 (Annealed)

Mechanical
120
BRIGHTRAY alloy F (Annealed)
800 Mechanical 100 700
120
NILO alloy 36 (Annealed)
800

Properties 100 700 Properties 100 700

Elongation, %
Tensile Strength 600
600 80 600
Tensile Strength

Stress, MPa
80 500 80

Stress, ksi

Stress, MPa
500
Stress, MPa

500
Stress, ksi

60 400 Elongation
60 400 60 400
Yield Strength 300
(0.2% Offset) 40

Stress, ksi
300 Yield Strength 300
40 200 40
(0.2% Offset) Yield Strength Tensile Strength
200 20 (0.2% Offset) 200
100 20
20
100 100
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 0
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Temperature, °F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, ° F Temperature, ° F
Typical usage range
32 33
NILO® alloy 42 NILO® alloy 48 NILO® alloy K NILO®® alloy
FERRY alloy 42

A nickel-iron controlled-expansion alloy con- A nickel-iron controlled-expansion alloy con- A nickel-iron-cobalt controlled-expansion alloy A copper-nickel alloy used mainly for its electri-
taining 42% nickel. It has a low and nominally taining 48% nickel. Its coefficient of thermal containing 29% nickel. Its coefficient of expan- cal properties. It has medium-range electrical
constant coefficient of thermal expansion from expansion is designed to match that of soft lead sion, which decreases with rising temperature resistivity and a very low temperature coef-
room temperature to about 570°F (300°C). Used and soda-lime glasses. The alloy also has a high to the inflection point, matches the expansion ficient of resistance (TCR). The low TCR makes
for semiconductor lead frames in integrated cir- inflection point. Used for glass-to-metal seals rate of borosilicate glasses and alumina ceram- the alloy useful for wire-wound precision
cuits, bi-metal thermostat strip, thermostat rods, in radio valves and incandescent electric light ics. Used for glass-to-metal seals in applications resistors having operating temperatures up to
for ceramic-to-metal seals with alumina ceram- bulbs and for industrial thermostats that operate requiring high reliability or resistance to thermal 750°F (400°C). A reproducible electromotive
ics, and various glass-to-metal seals such as the at temperatures up to 840°F (450°C). shock. Examples are high-power transmitting force against copper makes the alloy suitable for
core of copper-clad wire for sealing into glass valves, transistor leads and headers, integrated- thermocouples and thermocouple compensating
envelopes of electric bulbs, radio valves, televi- circuit lead frames, and photography flash leads.
sion tubes, and fluorescent lights. bulbs.

Standard Standard Tube, sheet and round bar. Strip and wire.
Strip, plate and wire. Wire.
Product Forms Product Forms
UNS K94100 Werkstoff Nr. 1.3917 UNS K94800 Werkstoff Nr. 1.3922, UNS K94610 DIN 17745 ASTM B 267 Werkstoff Nr. 2.0842
Major ASTM F 29, F 30
Major ASTM F 15, F 29 Werkstoff Nr. 1.3981 DIN 17644
ASTM F 30 1.3926, 1.3927
Specifications DIN 385, 17745 DIN 17745 Specifications SAE AMS 7726 – 7728

Limiting Ni ................ 29a Si.......0.20 max. Ti........0.10 max. Limiting


Limiting Ni ................ 42 a
P......0.025 max. Al.......0.15 max. Ni ................ 48a P......0.025 max. Al.......0.10 max. Limiting Fe................ 53a Al.......0.10 max. Cu......0.20 max. Ni .... Remainder Fe........1.0 max. Mn.......1.0 max.
Co................ 17a Cr.......0.20 max. Mo.....0.20 max. Cu............. 55.0a C..........0.1 max. Si.........0.5 max.
Chemical Fe.....Remainder S......0.025 max. Co........1.0 max. Fe.... Remainder S......0.025 max. Co........1.0 max. Chemical C........0.04 max. Mg.....0.10 max.
C........0.05 max. Si.......0.30 max. C........0.05 max. Si.......0.30 max. Composition, a
Nominal.
Composition, Mn.....0.80 max. Cr.......0.25 max. Mn.....0.80 max. Cr.......0.25 max. Mn.....0.50 max. Zr.......0.10 max.
% a
Nominal value; adjusted to meet expansion requirements. a
Nominal value; adjusted to meet expansion requirements.
% a
Nominal value; adjusted to meet expansion requirements.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.293 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.296 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.295 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.321
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.11 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.20 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.16 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.89
Melting Temperature (Approximate), °F....................2615 Melting Temperature (Approximate), °F....................2640 Melting Temperature (Approximate), °F....................2640 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2230 – 2320
°C...................1435 °C...................1450 °C...................1450 °C........................................ 1220 – 1270
Physical Inflection Point, °F......................................................700 Inflection Point, °F......................................................860 Inflection Point, °F......................................................840 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.094
°C......................................................370 °C......................................................460 Physical °C......................................................450 J/kg • °C...............................................394
Constants Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F.......................72.8 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................116 Constants Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................116 Temp. Coefficient of Resistance,
and Thermal W/m • °C.................................10.5 W/m • °C.................................16.7
and Thermal W/m • °C.................................16.7 68 – 212°F, 10-6 ohm/ohm • °F . ....17
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.......2.9 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.......4.7
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F.......3.3 20 – 100°C, µΩ/Ω•°C....................30
20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C..........5.3 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C..........8.5 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C..........6.0 Coefficient of Expansion, 68 – 212°F, 10-6 in/in • °F ...8.17
68 – 752°F, 10 in/in • °F.....4.6 – 5.2 68 – 752°F, 10 in/in • °F.....2.6 – 2.9 20 – 100°C, µm/m • °C........14.7
68 – 572°F, 10 in/in • °F.....2.5 – 3.6
-6 -6 -6

20 – 300°C, µm/m • °C........4.5 – 6.5 20 – 400°C, µm/m • °C........8.3 – 9.3 20 – 400°C, µm/m • °C........4.6 – 5.2 Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................155
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................280 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................260 W/m•°C..................................22.4
Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................370
µΩ•m......................................0.610 µΩ•m......................................0.470 µΩ•m......................................0.430 Electrical Resistivity, ohm•circ mil/ft............................295
µΩ•m......................................0.490
(Annealed) (Annealed)
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................71 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................75 (Annealed) (Annealed)
MPa................................................490 MPa.................................................520 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................75 Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................60
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................36 MPa.................................................520 MPa.................................................415
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................38
MPa..............................250 MPa..............................260 Yield Strength (0.2% Offset), ksi .................................49 Yield Strength (0.5% Offset), ksi .................................21
Elongation, %...............................................................43 MPa..............................340 MPa..............................145
Elongation, %...............................................................43
Temperature, ° C Temperature, ° C Elongation, %...............................................................42 Elongation, %...............................................................32
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Typical 120
800
120
800
Typical 0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Mechanical NILO alloy 42 (Annealed)
700
NILO alloy 48 (Annealed)
700
Mechanical 120
800
Properties 100 100
Properties
NILO alloy K (Annealed)
Elongation, %
Elongation, %

600 600 100 700

Elongation, %
80 80
Tensile Strength Tensile Strength 600
Stress, MPa
Stress, MPa

500 500
Elongation 80

Stress, MPa
60 400 60 400 500
Elongation Tensile Strength
60 400
Stress, ksi
Stress, ksi

300 300
40 40

Stress,ksi
Yield Strength 200 200 300
40 Elongation
20 (0.2% Offset) 20
100 Yield Strength 100 200
(0.2% Offset) 20
0 0 0 0 100
Yield Strength (0.2% Offset)
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 0
Temperature, ° F Temperature, ° F 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Typical usage range Typical usage range Temperature, °F

34 35
NILOMAG® alloy 77 NI-SPAN-C® alloy 902 Waspaloy UDIMET® alloy 188

A nickel-iron alloy with additions of copper A nickel-iron-chromium alloy made precipita- Waspaloy is a nickel-base, age-hardenable A cobalt-base alloy with excellent high tempera-
and molybdenum. It is a low-loss, soft-magnetic tion hardenable by additions of aluminum superalloy with excellent high-temperature ture strength and good oxidation resistance to
alloy with a high initial permeability. The alloy and titanium. The titanium content also helps strength and good resistance to corrosion, 2000°F (1093°C). The high chromium level cou-
is particularly useful for applications in which provide a controllable thermoelastic coefficient, notably to oxidation. It is used for aerospace pled with small additions of lanthanum produce
power requirements must be minimized. Used which is the alloy's outstanding characteristic. and gas turbine engine components at service an extremely tenacious and protective scale. The
for transformers, inductors, magnetic amplifiers, The alloy can be processed to have a constant temperatures up to 1200˚F (650˚C) for critical ro- alloy also has good sulfidation resistance and
switching cores, magnetic shields, tape-recorder modulus of elasticity at temperatures from tating applications, and up to 1600˚F (870˚C) for excellent metallurgical stability displayed by
its good ductility after prolonged exposure to
heads, and memory storage devices. –50 to 150˚F (– 45 to 65˚C). Used for precision other, less demanding, applications. Applica-
elevated temperatures. Good fabricability and
springs, mechanical resonators, and other preci- tions include compressor and rotor discs, shafts,
weldability combine to make the alloy useful in
sion elastic components. spacers, seals, rings and casings, fasteners and
typical gas turbine applications such as combus-
other miscellaneous engine hardware, airframe tors, flame holders, liners and transition ducts.
assemblies and missile systems.
Standard Sheet and strip. Round bar.
Standard Round bar, forging stock, extruded section Forging billet, bar, plate, and sheet.
Product Forms Product Forms
and wire.

None applicable. UNS N09902 SAE AMS 5221, 5223, UNS N07001 SAE AMS 5544, 5704, 5706 – 5709, UNS R30188 AMS 5772
Major ASTM B 637 5828, MAM 5706 AMS 5608
Major 5225
Specifications Werkstoff Nr. 2.4654 AECMA Pr EN 2193 – 2195,
Specifications ISO 9723 – 9725 2406, 2958 – 2960, 3220

Nominal Limiting Limiting Limiting


Limiting Ni ..................77 Cu.................5.0 C.................0.02 Nia ...41.0 – 43.5 Ti........2.2 – 2.75 Mn.....0.80 max. Chemical Ni .... Remainder Al.....1.20 – 1.60 Cu...... 0.50 max. C......0.05 – 0.15 Ni.....20.0 – 24.0 Fe........3.0 max.
Cr.....18.0 – 21.0 Zr.....0.02 – 0.12 S...... 0.030 max. Mn.....1.25 max. W.....13.0 – 16.0 Co.........Balance
Chemical Fe...............13.5 Mo................4.2 Fe.... Remainder Al.....0.30 – 0.80 S........0.04 max.
Composition, Co....12.0 – 15.0 B.... 0.003 – 0.01 Si........0.75 max. Si.........0.2 – 0.5 La....0.02 – 0.12 B......0.015 max.
Cr.......4.9 – 5.75 C........0.06 max. Si.........1.0 max.
Composition, P........0.04 max. % Mo...3.50 – 5.00 C.....0.02 – 0.10 Mn......1.00 max. Cr.....20.0 – 24.0
% a
Plus Co. Ti......2.75 – 3.25 Fe ..... 2.00 max. P.......0.030 max.

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.317 Density, Ib/in3 .........................................................0.291 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.296 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.330
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.77 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.05 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.19 g/cm3 ...........................................................9.13
Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................360 Melting Range, °F . ......................................2650 – 2700 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2425 – 2475 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2375 – 2425
µΩ•m......................................0.600 °C ........................................1450 – 1480 °C......................................... 1330 – 1360 °C........................................ 1300 – 1330
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)...................... 1.004 Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.097
Physical Curie Temperature, °F................................................750
°C................................................400
Specific Heat, Btu/lb • °F...........................................0.12
J/kg • °C .............................................500 Physical J/kg • °C...............................................405
Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
Constants Initial Permeability.................................................60 000 Curie Temperature, °F ...............................................380 Constants 70 – 200°F (21 – 93°C) ............. 6.8 (12.2) Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....6.6
and Thermal Maximum Permeability........................................300 000 °C ...............................................190 and Thermal 70 – 1000°F (21 – 538°C) ......... 7.7 (13.9)
21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C..........11.9
Properties Saturation Induction, T..............................................0.63 Young's Modulus, 106 psi.......................................... 24 – 29 Properties 70 – 2000°F (21 – 1093°C) ..... 10.4 (18.7) Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................84
GPa ....................................... 165 – 200 W/m•°C..................................12.1
Electrical ResistivityA, ohm •circ mil/ft.........................722
Remanence, T...........................................................0.39
Modulus of Rigidity, 106 psi......................................... 9 – 10 µΩ•m........................................1.20
Coercivity, A/m...........................................................0.80 GPa ......................................... 62 – 69 Young's ModulusA, 106 psi (GPa).......................... 30.6 (211) Rupture Strength (1000 hour)
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/i n •°F.......4.2 HardnessA, HRC......................................................... 34 – 40 ksi MPa
20 – 93°C, µm/m •°C...........7.6 A 1300°F / 704°C........................................... 35 240
Room temperature, as aged.
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F..........................84 1400°F / 760°C........................................... 24 165
W/m • °C.................................12.1 1500°F / 816°C........................................... 16 110
(Precipitation Hardened)
(Annealed) Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft..........................611 1600°F / 871°C........................................... 10 69
µΩ•m .......................................1.02 Rupture Strength (1000 h) ksi MPa 1700°F / 927°C........................................... 6 41
Tensile Strength, ksi.....................................................78
1200°F / 649°C........................................ 89 615 1800°F / 982°C........................................... 3 25
MPa.................................................540
1300°F / 704°C . ..................................... 65 450 1900°F / 1038°C......................................... 2 15
Typical Hardness, HV.............................................................125 (Precipitation Hardened) 1400°F / 760°C . ..................................... 42 290 2000°F / 1093°C......................................... 1 9
Mechanical Tensile Strength, ksi...................................................175 1500°F / 816°C . ..................................... 26 180 Temperature, ° C
Properties MPa...............................................1210 1600°F / 870°C........................................ 16 110 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

Temperature, ° C 240
Yield Strength (0.5% Offset), ksi ...............................110 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
UDIMET alloy 188
1600

MPa..............................760 240 200 1400

Elongation, %
1600
Elongation, %...............................................................25 Typical Waspaloy
1400 160
1200

Mechanical 200

Elongation, %

Stress, MPa
Tensile Strength 1000
1200
Properties 160 120
Tensile Strength 800

Stress, MPa
1000

Stress, ksi
Yield Strength Elongation
600
120 (0.2% Offset) 80
800
400

Stress, ksi
600 40
80 Yield Strength 200
400 (0.2% Offset)
40 0 0
Elongation 200 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, ° F
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, ° F

36 37
UDIMET® alloy L-605 UDIMET® alloy 520 UDIMET® alloy 720 UDIMET® alloy D-979

A cobalt-base superalloy with good formability, A precipitation hardenable nickel-base super- A nickel-base alloy solid solution strengthened An iron-nickel alloy designed for turbine disc
high strength to 1500°F (816°C), and good oxida- alloy with an exceptional combination of high with tungsten and molybdenum and precipita- applications at temperatures up to 1200 –
tion resistance to 2000°F (1093°C). The alloy also temperature mechanical properties, corrosion tion hardened with titanium and aluminum. 1400°F (649 – 760°C). Hardened by a complex
has good sulfidation resistance and resistance resistance and forgeability characteristics. Devel- The alloy combines high strength with metal- precipitation of intermetallic phases, the alloy
to wear and galling. The alloy is used in the hot oped for use in the 1400 – 1700°F (760 – 927°C) lurgical stability as demonstrated by excellent combines corrosion resistance with excellent
sections of aircraft and land-based gas turbines temperature range, the alloy has excellent struc- impact strength retention after long exposures at tensile and stress rupture strength.
in combustor liners and other applications tural stability and unusually good fabricability. elevated temperatures. Good oxidation and cor-
requiring moderate strength and good oxidation Primary application is blading for aircraft and rosion resistance combined with high strength
resistance at high temperatures. The alloy can
land based gas turbines. make the alloy useful in gas turbine blade and
also be used in industrial furnace applications
disc applications.
such as muffles/liners in high temperature kilns.

Standard Forging billet, bar, sheet, plate and wire. Forging bar. Standard Forging billet and bar.
Forging billet and bar.
Product Forms Product Forms

UNS R30605 Major EMS 55477 MSRR 7252 MTS 5013 UNS N09979 AMS 5746
Major AMS 5759 PDS 15125A1
EMS 73105 C50TF105
AMS 5537, 5796, 5797 Specifications
Specifications

Limiting Limiting Limiting Limiting


Ni .........Balance W.....1.00 – 1.50 C......0.01 – 0.02 Cr...... 14.0 – 16.0 W.......... 3.0 – 4.5 C..........0.08 max.
Chemical Ni ......9.0 – 11.0 Mn.......1.0 – 2.0 S........0.03 max. C......0.02 – 0.06 Mo.......5.5 – 7.0 W.........0.8 – 1.2 Chemical Cr.....15.5 – 16.5 Ti......4.75 – 5.25 Zr...0.025 – 0.05 Ti........... 2.7 – 3.3 Si.........0.75 max.
Cr.....19.0 – 21.0 Si.......0.40 max. Co.........Balance Cr.....18.0 – 20.0 Ti........2.9 – 3.25 B..0.004 – 0.010 Fe.......... Balance
Composition, Co....11.0 – 14.0 Al.........1.8 – 2.3 Ni..........Balance
Composition, Co....14.0 – 15.5 Al.....2.25 – 2.75 B.....0.01 – 0.02 Mo........ 3.0 – 4.5 Al........ 0.75 – 1.3 Mn.......0.75 max.
W.....14.0 – 16.0 C......0.05 – 0.15 B... 0.008 – 0.016
% Fe........3.0 max. % Mo...2.75 – 3.25 Ni...... 42.0 – 48.0

Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.335 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.297


g/cm3 ...........................................................9.27 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.21 Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.292 Density, Ib/in3 .........................................................0.296
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.08 g/cm3 ...........................................................8.19
Melting Range, °F.........................................2425 – 2570 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2300 – 2560
Physical °C........................................ 1330 – 1410 °C........................................ 1260 – 1405 Melting Range, °F......................................... 2180 – 2440 Melting Range, °F . ......................................2225 – 2530
Physical °C........................................ 1194 – 1338 °C ........................................1220 – 1390
Constants Specific Heat, Btu/lb •°F...........................................0.092
J/kg • °C...............................................385 Constants Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/in • °F .....6.8 Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/i n •°F.....7.60
and Thermal Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10 in/in • °F ...6.83 -6 and Thermal 21 – 93°C, µm/m • °C........12.24 21 – 93°C, µm/m •°C.........13.7
Properties 20 – 93°C, µm/m • °C..........12.3 Properties Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F..........................87
W/m • °C.................................12.6
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2•h•°F..........................65
W/m•°C....................................9.4

Rupture Strength (1000 hour) (Precipitation Hardened) (Precipitation Hardened)


(Precipitation Hardened)
ksi MPa Rupture Strength (1000 hour) Rupture Strength (1000 hour)
Rupture Strength (1000 hour)
1200°F / 649°C........................................... 39 270 ksi MPa ksi MPa
ksi MPa
1300°F / 704°C........................................... 32 220 1200°F / 649°C........................................... 85 585 Typical 1200°F / 649°C........................................... 102 700 1200°F / 649°C........................................... 75 515
1300°F / 704°C........................................... 73 500 1300°F / 704°C........................................... 55 380
1400°F / 760°C........................................... 24 165 1300°F / 704°C........................................... 69 475 Mechanical 1400°F / 760°C........................................... 70 480 1400°F / 760°C........................................... 36 250
1500°F / 816°C........................................... 17 120 1400°F / 760°C........................................... 50 345
1600°F / 871°C........................................... 10 72
Properties 1600°F / 871°C........................................... 32 219 1500°F / 816°C........................................... 21 145
1500°F / 816°C........................................... 33 230
1700°F / 927°C........................................... 6 44 1800°F / 982°C........................................... 10 68 1600°F / 871°C........................................... 10 69
Typical 1600°F / 871°C........................................... 22 150
1800°F / 982°C........................................... 4 25
Mechanical
Temperature, °C
Properties Temperature, ° C Temperature, ° C
0 100 200 300
Temperature, °C
400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
240
240 1600
240 240 1600 UDIMET alloy D-979 (Precipitation Hardened)
1600 1600 UDIMET alloy 720 (Precipitation Hardened)
UDIMET alloy L-605 UDIMET alloy 520 (Precipitation Hardened) 1400
1400 200
200

Elongation, %
1400 1400 Tensile Strength

Elongation, %
200 200 Tensile Strength
Elongation, %

Elongation, %

1200
1200
1200 Tensile Strength 1200 160
160

Stress, MPa
160 160 1000

Stress, MPa
1000
Stress, MPa

Stress, MPa

1000 1000
120 Yield Strength 800
120 800
120 800 120 (0.2% Offset)
Tensile Strength Yield Strength 800
Yield Strength

Stress, ksi
(0.2% Offset) 600

Stress, ksi
(0.2% Offset) 600 80
Stress, ksi

Stress, ksi

600 600 80
80 Elongation 80 400
400
400 400 40
40 200
40 40 200 Elongation
Yield Strength 200 Elongation 200 Elongation
(0.2% Offset) 0 0
0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 0 0 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 Temperature, °F
Temperature, °F
Temperature, ° F Temperature, ° F

38 39
UDIMET® alloy R41 UDIMAR® alloy 250 UDIMAR® alloy 300 INCOTHERM® alloy TD

A precipitation hardenable nickel-chromium An age hardenable (maraging) iron-nickel steel An age hardenable (maraging) iron-nickel steel A nickel-chromium alloy that was originally de-
alloy containing significant amounts of cobalt combining ultra-high strength, toughness and combining ultra-high strength and resistance veloped for thermocouple sheathing where high
and molybdenum along with lesser amounts of resistance to crack propagation. The alloy is to crack propagation. The alloy is well suited to temperature corrosion resistance and strength
aluminum and titanium that exhibits extremely well suited to applications where heat treatment applications where heat treatment distortion and are required without the use of elements that
dimensional changes must be minimized and may cause thermocouple degradation over
high room and elevated temperature mechani- distortion and dimensional changes must be
time, the alloy has now been identified for uses
cal properties. Excellent corrosion resistance and minimized and where high fracture toughness where high fracture toughness is required such
in other high temperature and heat-treating
fabricability have led to wide usage in critical is required such as rocket motor casings, light as rocket motor casings, light aircraft landing
applications. This product has been tailored to
aircraft engine components such as nozzle parti- aircraft landing gear, power shafts and low tem- gear, power shafts and low temperature tooling.
provide improved oxidation resistance over
tions, turbine blades and wheels, combustion perature tooling. stainless steels and higher nickel alloys at
chamber liners and structural hardware. temperatures up to 2282˚F (1250˚C) and possibly
Standard Forging billet and bar. beyond. The alloying additions improve oxide
Product Forms scale adherence and reduce the rate of mass
change, allowing the alloy to show significant
UNS K93120 AMS 6514
Standard Forging billet, bar, sheet and plate.
Major improvements over alloys currently being used
Forging billet and bar.
Product Forms Specifications in heat treating applications. INCOTHERM alloy
TD has excellent resistance to nitridation up to
Major UNS N 07041 AMS 5712 UNS K92890 AMS 6512 Limiting 2151˚F (1177˚C). Lacking the alloying elements
AMS 5545 AMS 5713 UNS K92940 Chemical C........0.03 max. S......0.010 max. Mo.......4.6 – 5.2 that form internal nitrides such as Nb or Al, the
Specifications Si.......0.10 max. P......0.010 max. Ti......0.55 – 0.80 product exhibits freedom from microstructural
Composition, Mn.....0.10 max. Co........8.0 – 9.5 Al.....0.05 – 0.15 degradation in nitrogen-based atmospheres.
Limiting Limiting
% Ni.....18.0 – 19.0 Fe.........Balance Because of this excellent resistance to nitrida-
Chemical Ni ............Balance Mo........9.0 – 10.5 Fe ......... 5.0 max. C........0.03 max. S......0.010 max. Mo.......4.6 – 5.1 tion, the alloy is being evaluated for use in
B.... 0.003 – 0.010
Composition, Cr........18.0 – 20.0 Al........1.40 – 1.80
C...........0.12 max.
Si.......0.10 max. P......0.010 max. Ti......0.30 – 0.50
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.290 powder metallurgy sintering furnace belts and
Co.......10.0 – 12.0 Ti.............3.0 – 3.3 Mn.....0.10 max. Co........7.0 – 8.5 Al.....0.05 – 0.15 other thermal processing applications as well as
% Ni.....17.0 – 19.0 Fe.........Balance
g/cm3 .............................................................8.0
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2600 – 2650 thermocouple sheathing.
°C......................................... 1427 – 1454
Density, Ib/in3 . ........................................................0.298 Density, Ib/in3 .........................................................0.290
Physical Specific Heat, Btu/lb • °F...........................................0.08 Contact Special Metals
g/cm3 ...........................................................8.25 g/cm3 .............................................................8.0 Constants J/kg • K................................................335
Melting Range, °F......................................... 2250 – 2535 Melting Range, °F . ......................................2600 – 2650 and Thermal Nominal
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..................77.5
Physical °C......................................... 1232 – 1391 °C ........................................1427 – 1454
Properties Cr . ................22 Fe........1.0 max. C........0.05 max.
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/i n •°F.......4.8 Rare earth ele-
Constants Specific Heat, Btu/lb • °F.........................................0.104 Specific Heat, Btu/lb • °F...........................................0.07
21 – 93°C, µm/m •°C.........8.64
Ni..........Balance Mn.....0.10 max.
ments..........0.05
J/kg • K ...............................................293 Mo...................3 Al.......0.10 max.
and Thermal J/kg • K................................................ 435
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................136 Si .................1.4
Properties Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/i n •°F.....6.63
21 – 93°C, µm/m •°C.........11.9
Permeability at 200 Oersted (15.9 kA/m)..................77.5 W/m • °C.................................19.6
Coefficient of Expansion, 70 – 200°F, 10-6 in/i n •°F.......5.4
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F..........................62 21 – 93°C, µm/m •°C.........9.72
W/m • °C...................................9.0 Density, Ib/in3 (g/cm3) ................................. 0.308 (8.54)
Thermal Conductivity, Btu • in/ft2 •h•°F........................136 Solution Annealed Solution Annealed plus aged
1500˚F (816˚C) 900˚F (482˚C) Melting Range, °F (°C)......... 2516 – 2552 (1380 – 1400)
W/m • °C.................................19.6
Typical 1 hr, AC 3 hrs, AC Coefficient of Expansion, 10-6 in/in • °F (µm/m • °C)
0.2% Yld, ksi 120 280
Mechanical UTS, ksi 150 290
70 – 932°F (21 – 500°C).......... 8.09 (14.56)
(Precipitation Hardened) 70 – 1112°F (21 – 600°C)......... 8.32 (14.98)


Solution Annealed
1500˚F (816˚C)
Solution Annealed plus aged
900˚F (482˚C) Properties El, % 16 8 70 – 1292°F (21 – 700°C)........ 8.66 (15.59)
Rupture Strength (1000 hour)
Typical ksi MPa
1 hr, AC 3 hrs, AC RA, % 70 40 70 – 1472°F (21 – 800°C)........ 8.97 (16.15)
0.2% Yld, ksi 115 260 Hardness, Rc 30 52 70 – 1652°F (21 – 900°C)........ 9.34 (16.81)
Mechanical 1200°F / 649°C........................................... 102 705
UTS, ksi 145 270
1300°F / 704°C........................................... 80 550 70 – 1832°F (21 – 1000°C)...... 9.61 (17.30)
Properties El, % 20 10 Electrical Resistivity, ohm • circ mil/ft...........................698
1400°F / 760°C........................................... 50 345
RA, % 70 60 µΩ•m........................................1.16
1500°F / 816°C........................................... 29 200
Hardness, Rc 30 50 The 18% nickel maraging steels offer a unique
1600°F / 871°C........................................... 17 117
1700°F / 927°C........................................... 11 76 combination of properties not available from Mechanical Properties
conventional low alloy ultra high strength steels. They INCOTHERM alloy TD
Temperature, ° C offer high strength, high ductility and toughness, and
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
The 18% nickel maraging steels offer a unique resistance to crack propagation. Hardening is
Temp. 0.2% YS UTS Elon
240
1600 combination of properties not available from accomplished by a simple aging cycle of 3 hours at
UDIMET alloy R41 (Precipitation Hardened)
900°F (482°C) followed by air cooling. UDIMAR alloy 300
(°C) (MPa) (MPa) (%)
1400 conventional low alloy ultra high strength steels. They
200
Tensile Strength provides through hardening without quenching, freedom 22 405 799 51
Elongation, %

offer high strength, high ductility and toughness, and


160
1200
resistance to crack propagation. Hardening is from decarburization, minimal distortion during aging, 800 177 279 82
good formability, machinability, and weldability and a low 900 75 131 80
Stress, MPa

1000
Yield Strength accomplished by a simple aging cycle of 3 hours at
(0.2% Offset)
120 800
900°F (482°C) followed by air cooling. UDIMAR alloy 250 coefficient of thermal expansion. 1000 39 88 83
provides through hardening without quenching, freedom 1100 20 59 156
Stress, ksi

600
80
400 from decarburization, minimal distortion during aging, 1200 10 37 79
40
200
good formability, machinability, and weldability and a low 1250 8 29 95
Elongation
coefficient of thermal expansion.
0 0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000
Temperature, ° F

40 41
Trademarks of the Special Metals Corporation
Group of Companies Include:

BRIGHTRAY MONEL
This Product Handbook gives brief
descriptions of products in the broad line
CORRONEL NILO of high-performance alloys manufactured
by Special Metals Corporation.
DEPOLARIZED NILOMAG Detailed technical literature is also
available. The publications contain data
DURANICKEL NIMONIC on physical and mechanical properties,
metallurgy, corrosion resistance, and
fabrication procedures including welding,
FERRY NIOTHERM machining, forging, and cold forming.
Additional publications are available
INCOBAR NI-ROD on use of the alloys in major areas of
application such as aerospace, chemical
INCOCLAD NI-SPAN-C processing, marine engineering, thermal
processing, power generation, and
pollution control. The literature is available
INCO-CORED RESISTOHM on our website, www.specialmetals.com.

INCOFLUX UDIMAR
INCOLOY UDIMET
INCONEL 625LCF Contents
44 Welding Products
INCOTEST 686CPT 46 Conversion Factors for Units of Measure
47 Hardness Correlations for Nickel Alloys
INCOTHERM 718SPF 48 Comparison of Gauges
48 Standard Pipe Sizes
INCO-WELD 725NDUR
49 Temperature Conversion Chart

KOTHERM 800HT
MAXORB

42 43
Welding Products Welding Products (continued)

Special Metals Welding Products Company ensure single-source reliability in welded


manufactures companion welding products fabrications. The line of welding products Filler AWS MIL-E-00000
Metals Major Uses Class Type
for the full range of its wrought alloys. The also includes high-quality consumables for
INCONEL Filler Metal 52 30% Cr for GMAW & GTAW welding of 690 and for overlays on steel; specifically designed for ERNiCrFe-7
covered electrodes and bare filler wires are welding cast irons and for joining dissimilar nuclear applications.
designed to match the high level of per- metals.
INCONEL Filler Metal 622 For GMAW, GTAW, and SAW of alloys 622, C-22 and other NiCroMo alloys; excellent pitting and ERNiCrMo-10
formance delivered by the alloys and to crevice corrosion-resistance and resistance to mixed acids; also for low NOx boiler tube overlay.
INCO-WELD 725NDUR Filler Metal Age hardenable 625 version; capable of heat treated ultimate tensile of 180 KSI and Rc 34 hardness. ERNiCrMo-15
INCO-WELD 686CPT Filler Metal For GTAW, GMAW, & SAW; maximum resistance to pitting, crevice corrosion, mixed acids; excellent ERNiCrMo-14
Coated AWS MIL-E-22200 for overlay, welding of clad steels, and for providing overmatching corrosion resistant welds for all
Electrodes Major Uses Class Type types of NiCrMo alloys and super duplex stainless steels.
Nickel Welding Electrode 141 Nickel 200 and Nickel 201; the clad side of nickel-clad steel; joining steels to nickel alloys. ENi-1 4N11 INCONEL Filler Metal 72 Highest %Cr (43%) with good cracking resistance in GMAW & GTAW; excellent sulfidation and ERNiCr-4
oxidation resistance.
MONEL Welding Electrode 190 MONEL alloy 400 to itself, to low-alloy and carbon steels, to copper and copper-nickel alloys; ENiCu-7 9N10
surfacing of steels. INCONEL Filler Metal 625BC Designed for hot and cold wire GTAW applications for valve body overlay and internal bore ERNiCrMo-3
cladding operations.
MONEL Welding Electrode 187 MONEL alloy 450, weldable grades of cast and wrought 70/30, 80/20, and 90/10 copper-nickel alloys. ECuNi CuNi
NI-ROD Filler Metal 99 For GMAW, GTAW & SAW of all types of cast irons; best machinability in first layer or two layer
INCONEL Welding Electrode 182 INCONEL alloys 600 and 601; surfacing of steel; dissimilar combinations of steels and nickel alloys. ENiCrFe-3 8N12
overlays; not recommended for more than two layers.
INCONEL Welding Electrode 112 INCONEL alloys 625 and 601; pit-resistant alloys; dissimilar combinations of steels and ENiCrMo-3 1N12 NILO CF36 Filler Metal For GMAW, GTAW & SAW of INVAR and similar low expansion alloys; deposits crack-free welds
nickel alloys; surfacing of steels. that are closely matching in CTE to INVAR.
INCONEL Welding Electrode 117 INCONEL alloy 617; INCOLOY alloy 800HT; dissimilar combinations of high-temperature alloys. ENiCrCoMo-1 — NILO CF42 Filler Metal Similar to NILO CF36, but is intended for 42% nickel low-expansion alloys.
INCO-WELD Welding Electrode C-276 INCONEL alloy C-276; other pit-resistant alloys; surfacing of steels. ENiCrMo-4 — NI-ROD 44HT Filler Metal For GMAW & GTAW of high temperature ductile irons to each other and to stainless steels.
INCO-WELD A Electrode INCOLOY alloys 800 and 800HT; dissimilar combinations of steels and nickel alloys; 9% nickel ENiCrFe-2 — NI-ROD FC44 Cored Wire For FCAW of all types of cast iron with 75A-25 CO2; especially suited to ductile iron welding for
steel; surfacing of steels.