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SMK MENGLEMBU Jawapan

SPM Matematik Tambahan Tingkatan 4,5 - MATEMATIK TAMBAHAN 2015


Kertas 2
1.

2. x = −1, y = 4; x =10, y = −7

3. (a)

(b)

Interquartile range = Q3 – Q1
= 61.17 – 37
= 24.17

4. (a) T1 = xy
T2 = x(y + 1) = xy + x
T3 = x(y + 2) = xy + 2x
T2 – T1 = xy + x – xy = x
T3 – T2 = xy + 2x – xy – x = x
Thus, the areas of the rectangles form an arithmetic progression with a common difference
of x.

(b) (i) a = T1 = xy = 3(5) = 15


d=x=3

Thus, T5 = 15 + 4(3)
= 15 + 12
= 27 cm2
(ii) Tn = 33
a + (n – 1)d = 33
15 + (n – 1)(3) = 33
3(n – 1) = 18
n–1=6
n=7
The seventh rectangle has an area of 33 cm2.

(c) S10 =
= 5(30 + 27)
= 285
The total area of the first ten rectangles is 285 cm2.
5.
(a) (i)

(ii)

(b) . Hence FD is parallel to BD and B, F and D are


collinear.

. Oleh itu FD adalah selari dengan BD dan B, F dan


D adalah segaris.

(c) = 25.61 units


6. (a), (b)

7. (a) Let the coordinates of P be (x, y).


Midpoint of PR:
The coordinates of point P are (–3, 1).

(b) (i) TS = 5 units


The equation of the locus of T is

x2 – 2x + 1 + y2 – 8y + 16 = 25
x2 + y2 – 2x – 8y – 8 = 0

(ii) Let the coordinates of Q be (x, y).


The midpoint of PQ is S(1, 4).

The coordinates of point Q are (5, 7).

(c) Area of triangle PQR

8. (a) Area of the lawn


= Area of sector COQ
= (8²)(1.956)
= 62.59 m2

(b) AC = OC = 8 m

∠CAO = ∠COA
= 3.142 – 1.956
= 1.186 radians

RC = 14 – 8 = 6 m

Length of the fence required


= RC + Arc CQ + Arc RQ
= 6 + 8(1.956) + 14(1.186)
= 38.25 m

(c) Area of the flower bed


= Area of sector RAQ – Area of sector COQ
– Area of ΔCAO
= (14²)(1.186) – (8²)(1.956)

– (8)(6) sin 1.186


= 31.39 m2
9. (a) y = x3 – 6x2 + 9x + 1

= 3x² – 12x + 9

At A(2, 3), x = 2.

Gradient of the curve at A


= 3(22) – 12(2) + 9
= –3

(b) Gradient of the normal to the curve at A


=

The equation of the normal to the curve at A is

y–3= (x – 2)
3y – 9 = x – 2
x – 3y + 7 = 0

(c)
At the turning points, = 0.
3x2 – 12x + 9 = 0
x2 – 4x + 3 = 0
(x – 3)(x – 1) = 0
x = 1 or 3

At P(3, 1), x = 3.

At Q, x = 1.
y = 13 – 6(12) + 9(1) + 1
=1–6+9+1
=5

Hence, the coordinates of Q are (1, 5).

= 6x – 12

At Q(1, 5), = 6(1) – 12


= –6 < 0
Hence, Q(1, 5) is the maximum point.
10. (a)

(b) y = pkx + 1
log y = log p + (x + 1) log k
= (log k)(x + 1) + log p

(i) log p = Y-intercept


= 0.26
p = 1.82

(ii) log k = Gradient of the graph


=
= 0.172
k = 1.486
11. (a) This is a binomial distribution with n = 8, p = 0.11 and q = 1 – 0.11 = 0.89.

(i) P(X = 2) = 8C2(0.11)2(0.89)6


= 0.1684

(ii) P(X > 2)


= 1 – P(X = 0) – P(X = 1) – P(X = 2)
= 1 – 8C0(0.11)0(0.89)8 – 8C1(0.11)1(0.89)7 – 0.1684
= 1 – 0.3937 – 0.3892 – 0.1684
= 0.0487

(b) (i)
= P(Z < –2)
= P(Z > 2)
= 0.0228
Number of students who have a mass of less than 40 kg
= 0.0228 × 2 000
= 45.6
= 46

(ii)

= 0.20
From the standard normal distribution table,
= 0.842
M = 54.21 kg
12. (a)

(b)

In ΔCDE,
CD2 = 52 + 3.752 – 2(5)(3.75) cos 40°
CD = 3.215 cm
AD = AC – CD
= 5.099 – 3.215
= 1.884 cm

(c)

Area of ΔCDE

= (5)(3.75) sin 40°


= 6.026 cm2
(d) Let DF be the perpendicular line from D to EC.

Area of ΔCDE = × EC × DF

6.026 = × 5 × DF

DF =
= 2.410 cm
13. (a)

(b) Composite index in the year 2007 based on the year 2006

=
= 114.4

(c)

Let the price index of item S in the year 2008 based on the year 2007 be z.

105 =
1 050 = 745 + 2z
305 = 2z
z = 152.5
Thus, the price of item S increases by 52.5% from the year 2007 to the year 2008.
14. (a) vP = 6 + 4t – 2t2

= 4 – 4t

For maximum velocity, = 0.


Hence, 4 – 4t = 0
t=1

Maximum velocity of P = 6 + 4(1) – 2(1)2


= 8 m s–1
(b)

vP = 0
6 + 4t – 2t2 = 0
3 + 2t – t2 = 0
(3 – t)(1 + t) = 0
t = 3 or –1

Since t > 0, t = 3.

When t = 3, = 6(3) + 2(3)² – (3)³


= 18 + 18 – 18
= 18

The distance of C from A is 18 m.

(c) = –2t

When t = 3, = –2(3)
= –6

Distance between P and Q


= 28 – 18 – 6
=4m
1(a) I : x
5≤
.
40
II : y ≥ 20
III : x + y

70

(b)
(c) (i) Based on the graph, when x = 25, the maximum value of y is 45.
Thus, the maximum number of students for the violin class is 45.
(ii) Objective function
= 400x + 300y
Let 400x + 300y = 12 000
4x + 3y = 120

Draw a straight line 4x + 3y = 120 as reference.


Based on the graph, the optimum point is (40, 30).

Maximum monthly collection of fees


= 400(40) + 300(30)
= RM25 000