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ENME 485 Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamics

Problem Set #1
Prof. D. Y. Kwok
Due on Feb. 7 2006 by 5:00 p.m.

1. A steam power plant operates on a simple ideal Rankine cycle between the pressure limits of 3 MPa and 50 kPa
(see Figure 1). The temperature of the steam at the turbine inlet is 400◦ C, and the mass flow rate of steam
through the cycle is 60 kg/s. Show the cycle on a T –s Diagram with respect to saturation lines, and determine
(a) the thermal efficiency of the cycle and (b) the net power output of the power plant.

Figure 1: Schematic of the simple ideal Rankine cycle.

2. Consider a solar-pond power plant that operates on a simple ideal Rankine cycle with refrigerant-134a as the
working fluid (see Figure 2). The refrigerant enters the turbine as a saturated vapor at 1.6 MPa and leaves at
0.7 MPa. The mass flow rate of the refrigerant is 6 kg/s. Show the cycle on a T –s diagram with respect to
saturation lines, and determine (a) the thermal efficiency of the cycle and (b) the power output of this plant.

Figure 2: Schematic of the simple ideal Rankine cycle.

3. A steam power plant operates on the ideal reheat Rankine cycle (Figure 3). Steam enters the high-pressure
turbine at 8 MPa and 500◦ C and leaves at 3 MPa. Steam is then reheated at constant pressure to 500◦ C before

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it expands to 20 kPa in the low-pressure turbine. Determine the turbine work output, in kJ/kg, and the thermal
efficiency of the cycle. Also, show the cycle on a T –s diagram with respect to saturation lines.

Figure 3: Schematic of the ideal reheat Rankine cycle.

4. A steam power plant operates on an ideal reheat Rankine cycle between the pressure limits of 9 MPa and 10 kPa
(Figure 4). The mass flow rate of steam through the cycle is 25 kg/s. Steam enters both stages of the turbine at
500◦ C. If the moisture content of the steam at the exit of the low-pressure turbine is not to exceed 10 percent,
determine (a) the pressure at which reheating takes place, (b) the total rate of heat input in the boiler, and (c)
the thermal efficiency of the cycle. Also, show the cycle on a T –s diagram with respect to saturation lines.

Figure 4: Schematic of the ideal reheat Rankine cycle.

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5. A steam power plant operates on an ideal regenerative Rankine cycle (Figure 5). Steam enters the turbine at 6
MPa and 450◦ C and is condensed in the condenser at 20 kPa. Steam is extracted from the turbine at 0.4 MPa to
heat the feedwater in an open feedwater heater. Water leaves the feedwater heater as a saturated liquid. Show
the cycle on a T –s diagram, and determine (a) the net work output per kilogram of steam flowing through the
boiler and (b) the thermal efficiency of the cycle.

Figure 5: Schematic of the ideal regenerative Rankine cycle with an open feedwater heater (FWH). y is the amount of
steam extracted leaving the turbine.