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1.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT BY LEOPOLD MATRIX BEFORE AND AFTER EMP


DURING CONSTRUCTIONA AND DURING OPERATIONAL PHASES

1.1 A standard graded matrix system has been applied to assess


environmental impact both during construction and operation phase of the
proposed project at Guwahati, Assam before and after environmental
management plan (EMP). The stresses likely to occur due to different
activities during construction and operation phase on eleven
environmental parameters are assessed.
Eleven selected parameters have been provided with a relative weight on
a scale of 1 to 5 in order of increasing importance to arrive at the
Parameter Importance Value (PIV).
Table 1.1
Parameter Importance Value (PIV)
Sl. Environmental Parameter Relative Value Weighted PIV
No. weight Value
1. Topography 1 1 1/40 x1000 25
2. Hydrology 2 2 2/40 x1000 50
3. Water Quality 5 5 5/40 x1000 125
4. Air Quality 4 4 4/40 x1000 100
5. Noise 4 4 4/40 x1000 100
6. Vegetation 3 3 3/40 x1000 75
7. Fauna 3 3 3/40 x1000 75
8. Aquatic Life 3 3 3/40 x1000 75
9. Occupation /Employment 5 5 5/40 x1000 125
10. Services 5 5 5/40 x1000 125
11. Health and Education 5 5 5/40 x1000 125
Total 40 1000

The value based on weight of each parameter has been converted to a weighted value by
multiplying probability value by a factor of 1000 to obtain the corresponding value in the
units of Assessment Value Index Scale.
Depending on the degree of impact, an impact score has been assigned for each of
the project activities on all the environmental parameters mentioned above.

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Table 1.2
Impact Score Corresponding to Degree of Impact
Degree of Impact Impact Score
Low 0.5
Appreciable 1.0
Moderate 2.0
Significant 3.0
High (temporary) 4.0
High (Permanent) 5.0

The environmental impact matrix has been developed with eleven activities in
construction phase and eight activities in the operation phase. An appropriate impact
score has been assigned against each activity on all environmental parameters.

1.2 Methodology

1.2.1 The total weighted impact score corresponding to each environmental


parameter has been calculated from the following formula:
n

Total weighted impact score = (PIV) i  Iij


i,j =1

where, I = the impact score (on the scale of 0.5 to 5.0 , + or )


j = project activity
i = environmental parameter; n = total number activities

The Total Weighted Impact Score is arrived through summation of all the individual
impacts on ‘m’ number of environmental attributes.

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Table 1.3
Environmental Impact Matrix In Construction Phase: Before EMP
Env. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Total PIV Impact
Para- Score
meter
(Weighted)
A +1.0 - - - - - - - - - - +1.0 25 + 25
B - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 -
C - -2.0 -3.0 - - - - - - -3.0 -2.0 -10.0 125 -1250
D -2.0 -2.0 - -2.0 -2.0 -3.0 - - -3.0 - +2.0 -12.0 100 -1200
E -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 - -2.0 -2.0 - +2.0 -8.0 100 -800
F -3.0 -1.0 - - - - - - - - +2.0 -2.0 75 -150
G -3.0 -1.0 - - - - - - - -1.0 +1.0 -4.0 75 -300
H - - - - - - - - -2.0 - -2.0 75 -150
I +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 - +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +10 125 +1250
J - - - - - - - - - - +1.0 +1.0 125 +125
K -2.0 125 -250
Total Impact Score 1000 -2750

Environmental Parameters

A. Topography B. Hydrology C. Water Quality D. Air Quality E. Noise F. Vegetation


G. Fauna H. Aquatic Life I. Occupation and Employment J. Services K. Health and Education

Activities

01. Site Development 02. Excavation 03. Foundation Work


04. Concrete Work 05. Structural work 06. Material Storage and Handling
07.Water Extraction 08. Mechanical and Electrical Erection 09. Transport
10. Workers Camp 11. Green Belt

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Table 1.4
Environmental Impact Matrix In Construction Phase: After EMP

Env. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 Total PIV Impact


Para- Score
meter (Weighted
)
A +1.0 - - - - - - - - - - +1.0 25 + 25
B - - - - - - - - - - - - 50 -
C - -1.0 -2.0 - - - - - - -1.0 -1.0 -5.0 125 -625
D -1.0 -1.0 - -1.0 -1.0 -2.0 - - -2.0 - +2.0 -6.0 100 -600
E -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 - -1.0 -1.0 - +2.0 -3.0 100 -300
F -2.0 -1.0 - - - - - - - - +2.0 -1.0 75 -75
G -2.0 -1.0 - - - - - - - -1.0 +1.0 -3.0 75 -225
H - - - - - - - - -1.0 - -1.0 75 -75
I +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 - +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +1.0 +10 125 +1250
J - - - - - - - - - - +1.0 +1.0 125 +125
K -0.5 125 -63
Total Impact Score 1000 -573

Environmental Parameters
A. Topography B. Hydrology C. Water Quality D. Air Quality E. Noise F. Vegetation
G. Fauna H. Aquatic Life I. Occupation and Employment J. Services K. Health and Education

Activities

01. Site Development 02. Excavation 03. Foundation Work


04. Concrete Work 05. Structural work 06. Material Storage and Handling
07.Water Extraction 08. Mechanical and Electrical Erection 09. Transport
10. Workers Camp 11. Green Belt

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Table 1.5
Environment Impact Matrix In Operation Phase: Before EMP

Env. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 Total PIV Impact


Parameter score
A - - -2.0 - - - - +1.0 -1.0 25 -25
B -1.0 - - - - - - - -1.0 50 -50
C - -3.0 -1.0 - - - - -1.0 -5.0 125 -625
D - - -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 - - +1.0 -2.0 100 -200
E - - - - -3.0 - - +1.0 -2.0 100 -200
F -1.0 - - -1.0 - - - - -2.0 75 -150
G - -1.0 - -1.0 -1.0 - - +0.5 -2.5 75 -188
H - -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 - - - +0.5 -2.5 75 -188
I - - - - - - - +1.0 - 125 +125
J - - - - - - +5.0 - +5.0 125 +625
K -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 -1.0 - - +1.0 -3.0 125 -375
Total Impact Score 100 -1051
0

Environmental parameters

A. Topography B. Hydrology C. Water Quality D. Air Quality


E. Noise F. Vegetation G. Fauna H. Aquatic Life
I. Occupation and Employment J. Services K. Health and Education

Activities

01: Water requirement 02: Liquid Effluent 03: Solid Waste


04: Gaseous Emission 05: Transport 06: Effluent Management
07: Socio-economic 08: Green belt maintenance

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Table 1.6
Environment Impact Matrix in Operation Phase: After EMP
Env. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 Total PIV Impact
Parameter score
A - - - - - - - +1.0 +1.0 25 +25
B -1.0 - - - - - - - -1.0 50 -50
C - - - - - - - -1.0 -1.0 125 -125
D - - - -0.5 -0.5 - - +1.0 0.0 100 -
E - - - - -2.0 - - +1.0 -1.0 100 -100
F -1.0 - - -0.5 - - - - -1.5 75 -113
G - - - -0.5 -0.5 - - +0.5 -0.5 75 -38
H - - - -0.5 - - - +0.5 0.0 75 -
I - - - - - - - +1.0 +1.0 125 +125
J - - - - - - +5.0 - +5.0 125 +625
K -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 -0.5 - - +1.0 -1.0 125 -125
Total Impact Score 1000 +224

Environmental parameters

A. Topography B. Hydrology C. Water Quality D. Air Quality


E. Noise F. Vegetation G. Fauna H. Aquatic Life
I. Occupation and Employment J. Services K. Health and Education

Activities

01: Water requirement 02: Liquid Effluent 03: Solid Waste


04: Gaseous Emission 05: Transport 06: Effluent Management
07: Socio-economic 08: Green belt maintenance

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The total weighted score during construction phase and operation phase (before and
after EMP) has been evaluated against an Assessment Value Index Scale below:

Table 1.7
Assessment Value Index Scale

Score value Extent of Impact


Upto (-) 1000 No appreciable impact
(-) 1000 to (-) 2000 Appreciable impact but not injurious, mitigation measures important
(-) 2000 to (-) 3000 Significant impact, major control measures necessary
(-) 3000 to (-) 5000 Injurious impact, site selection to be considered
(-) 5000 and above Irreversible damage, alternate to be considered

1.3 Final Comments

1.3.1 The present evaluation may be summarized below:

Table 1.8
Final Evaluation

PHASE OF TOTAL EXTENT OF IMPACT IMPROVEMENT DUE TO


WORK IMPACT EMP
SCORE
Construction -2750 Significant impact. Negative impact reduces from
phase before EMP 2750 to 573 due to
appropriate mitigation
Construction -573 No appreciable impact.
measures in the EMP
phase after EMP
Operation phase -1051 Appreciable Impact but Negative impact has turned
before EMP not injurious. into positive impact due to
adoption of appropriate
Operation phase + 224 Positive impact.
measures in EMP.
after EMP

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