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Water Treatment Plant

A. Rapid Mix Tank


Assumptions:
 number of tanks = 1
 tank configuration: circular w/ of depth H = diameter T
 detention time = 10 s
 velocity gradient = 600/s
 mixer: refer to table
 impeller type: propeller, pitch of 2, 3 blades; kT = 1.00 (from Appendix A)
 water temperature = 20 ⁰C; μ = 1.002 × 10-3 Pa-s; ρ = 998.207 kg/m3 (from Appendix B)
 efficiency = 80%
 distance of propeller from bottom of tank B = H/3
Tank Dimensions
m3
Q = 0.0319
s
m3
∀ = (0.0319 ) (10 s) = 0.319 m3
s
π π
∀ = (T 2 )(H)∗ = (T 3 ) = 0.319 m3
4 4
𝐓 = 𝐇 = 𝟎. 𝟕𝟓 𝐦
𝐇
𝐁 = = 𝟎. 𝟐𝟓 𝐦
𝟑
Required Pin

600 2
P = G2 μ∀= ( ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(0.319 m3 ) = 115.07 W
s
P 115.07
Pin = = = 143.84 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟏𝟒 𝐤𝐖 → 𝐌𝐨𝐝𝐞𝐥: 𝐉𝐓𝐐𝟐𝟓
e 0.8
𝐏 = 𝟎. 𝟏𝟖 𝐤𝐖
𝐧 = 𝟑𝟎 𝐫𝐩𝐦
(𝐟𝐫𝐨𝐦 𝐀𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐱 𝐂)
Impeller Diameter

5 P 0.8 (180 W)
D= √ =5 = 0.712 m ≈ 𝟎. 𝟕𝟏 𝐦
Np n3 ρ √ 1 min 3 kg
(6.3) (30 rpm ∙
60 s ) (998.408 m3 )

Check criteria (from Appendix D) 0.75 m

Allowable
Criteria Value Δ = 0.4 m
Range
D/T 0.14 – 0.5 0.9
H/D 2–4 1.6 0.75 m
H/T 0.28 – 2 1.5 0.38 m
B/D 0.7 – 1.6 0.35
B. Flocculation Tank
Assumptions:
 number of tanks = 2
 tapered G in 3 compartments: 80/s, 55/s, 30/s (from Appendix E, high turbidity)
 Gt0 = 96,000 (from Appendix E, high turbidity)
 compartment configuration: length L = width W = depth H
 impeller type: propeller, pitch of 2, 3 blades; kT = 1.00 (from Appendix A)
 water temperature = 20 ⁰C; μ = 1.002 × 10-3 Pa-s; ρ = 998.207 kg/m3 (from Appendix B)
 efficiency = 80%
Average t
80 55 30
+ s + s 𝟓𝟓
Gave = s =
3 𝐬
Gt 0 96,000
t ave = = = 𝟏𝟕𝟒𝟓. 𝟒𝟓 𝒔
Gave 55
s
Tank Dimensions
m3
Q = 0.0319
s
m3
∀total = Qt ave = (0.0319 ) (1745.45 s) = 55.68 m3
s
∀total 55.68 m3
∀comp = = = 9.28 m3
6 6
∀comp = LWH = L3 = 9.28 m3
𝐋 = 𝐖 = 𝐇 = 𝟐. 𝟏 𝐦
Required Pin

80 2
G1 2 μ∀comp ( ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.74 W
P1,in = = s = = 0.93 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟗 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
55 2
2
G2 μ∀comp ( s ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.51 W
P2,in = = = = 0.64 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟔 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
30 2
G3 2 μ∀comp ( s ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.28 W
P3,in = = = = 0.35 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟒 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
𝐅𝐨𝐫 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐟𝐥𝐨𝐜𝐮𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐨𝐫𝐬: 𝐌𝐨𝐝𝐞𝐥: 𝐉𝐓𝐐𝟐𝟓
𝐏 = 𝟎. 𝟏𝟖 𝐤𝐖
𝐧 = 𝟒𝟓 𝐫𝐩𝐦
Impeller Diameter

5 P 0.8 (180 W)
𝐷1 = 𝐷2 = 𝐷3 = √ =5 = 0.34 m ≈ 𝟎. 𝟒 𝐦
Np n3 ρ √ 1 min 3 kg
(1.00) (45 rpm ∙
60 s ) (998.207 m3 )
2.1 m

2.1 m
2.1 m

0.4 m
APPENDIX
Appendix A. Impeller constants

Appendix B. Physical Properties of Water at 1 atm

Appendix C. Rapid Mix Tank with their corresponding output power and rotational speed
Appendix D. Allowable range of the dimensions of the rapid mix tank

Appendix E. Gt values for flocculation tank