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# Water Treatment Plant

## A. Rapid Mix Tank

Assumptions:
 number of tanks = 1
 tank configuration: circular w/ of depth H = diameter T
 detention time = 10 s
 mixer: refer to table
 impeller type: propeller, pitch of 2, 3 blades; kT = 1.00 (from Appendix A)
 water temperature = 20 ⁰C; μ = 1.002 × 10-3 Pa-s; ρ = 998.207 kg/m3 (from Appendix B)
 efficiency = 80%
 distance of propeller from bottom of tank B = H/3
Tank Dimensions
m3
Q = 0.0319
s
m3
∀ = (0.0319 ) (10 s) = 0.319 m3
s
π π
∀ = (T 2 )(H)∗ = (T 3 ) = 0.319 m3
4 4
𝐓 = 𝐇 = 𝟎. 𝟕𝟓 𝐦
𝐇
𝐁 = = 𝟎. 𝟐𝟓 𝐦
𝟑
Required Pin

600 2
P = G2 μ∀= ( ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(0.319 m3 ) = 115.07 W
s
P 115.07
Pin = = = 143.84 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟏𝟒 𝐤𝐖 → 𝐌𝐨𝐝𝐞𝐥: 𝐉𝐓𝐐𝟐𝟓
e 0.8
𝐏 = 𝟎. 𝟏𝟖 𝐤𝐖
𝐧 = 𝟑𝟎 𝐫𝐩𝐦
(𝐟𝐫𝐨𝐦 𝐀𝐩𝐩𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐱 𝐂)
Impeller Diameter

5 P 0.8 (180 W)
D= √ =5 = 0.712 m ≈ 𝟎. 𝟕𝟏 𝐦
Np n3 ρ √ 1 min 3 kg
(6.3) (30 rpm ∙
60 s ) (998.408 m3 )

## Check criteria (from Appendix D) 0.75 m

Allowable
Criteria Value Δ = 0.4 m
Range
D/T 0.14 – 0.5 0.9
H/D 2–4 1.6 0.75 m
H/T 0.28 – 2 1.5 0.38 m
B/D 0.7 – 1.6 0.35
B. Flocculation Tank
Assumptions:
 number of tanks = 2
 tapered G in 3 compartments: 80/s, 55/s, 30/s (from Appendix E, high turbidity)
 Gt0 = 96,000 (from Appendix E, high turbidity)
 compartment configuration: length L = width W = depth H
 impeller type: propeller, pitch of 2, 3 blades; kT = 1.00 (from Appendix A)
 water temperature = 20 ⁰C; μ = 1.002 × 10-3 Pa-s; ρ = 998.207 kg/m3 (from Appendix B)
 efficiency = 80%
Average t
80 55 30
+ s + s 𝟓𝟓
Gave = s =
3 𝐬
Gt 0 96,000
t ave = = = 𝟏𝟕𝟒𝟓. 𝟒𝟓 𝒔
Gave 55
s
Tank Dimensions
m3
Q = 0.0319
s
m3
∀total = Qt ave = (0.0319 ) (1745.45 s) = 55.68 m3
s
∀total 55.68 m3
∀comp = = = 9.28 m3
6 6
∀comp = LWH = L3 = 9.28 m3
𝐋 = 𝐖 = 𝐇 = 𝟐. 𝟏 𝐦
Required Pin

80 2
G1 2 μ∀comp ( ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.74 W
P1,in = = s = = 0.93 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟗 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
55 2
2
G2 μ∀comp ( s ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.51 W
P2,in = = = = 0.64 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟔 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
30 2
G3 2 μ∀comp ( s ) (1.002 × 10−3 Pa ∙ s)(9.28 m3 ) 0.28 W
P3,in = = = = 0.35 W ≈ 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟒 𝐤𝐖
e 0.8 0.8
𝐅𝐨𝐫 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐟𝐥𝐨𝐜𝐮𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐨𝐫𝐬: 𝐌𝐨𝐝𝐞𝐥: 𝐉𝐓𝐐𝟐𝟓
𝐏 = 𝟎. 𝟏𝟖 𝐤𝐖
𝐧 = 𝟒𝟓 𝐫𝐩𝐦
Impeller Diameter

5 P 0.8 (180 W)
𝐷1 = 𝐷2 = 𝐷3 = √ =5 = 0.34 m ≈ 𝟎. 𝟒 𝐦
Np n3 ρ √ 1 min 3 kg
(1.00) (45 rpm ∙
60 s ) (998.207 m3 )
2.1 m

2.1 m
2.1 m

0.4 m
APPENDIX
Appendix A. Impeller constants

## Appendix B. Physical Properties of Water at 1 atm

Appendix C. Rapid Mix Tank with their corresponding output power and rotational speed
Appendix D. Allowable range of the dimensions of the rapid mix tank