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Story telling is the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, often with
improvisation theatrics, or embellisment. Stories or narratives have been shared in every
culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation and instilling moral
values.crucial elements of stories and storytelling include plot, characters and narrative point
of view.

The term’storytelling is used in a narrow sense to refer specifically to oral storytelling

and also in a looser sense to refer to techniques used in other media to unfold or diclose the
narrative of a story. Storytelling is the interactive art of using words and action to reveal the
elements and imanges of a story while encouraging the listener’s imagination.

Storytelling is a means for sharing and interpreting experiences. Peter L. Beger says
human life is narratively rooted, humans construct their lives and shape their world into
homes in terms of these groundings and memories. Stories are universal in that they can
bridge cultural, linguistic and age-related divides. Storytelling can be adaptive for all ages ,
leaving out the nation of age segregation.

Stories are effective educational tools because listeners become engaged and therefore
remember. Storytelling can be seen as a foundation for learning and teaching. While the story
listener is engaged they are able to imagine new perspective, inviting a transformative and
emphatetic experience. This involves allowing the individual to actively engage in the story
as well as observe, listen and participate with minimal guidance. The listener can activate
knowledge and imagine new possibilities. Together a storyteller and listener can seek best
practices and invent new solutions.


1. www.beyondintractability.org.retrieved 2017-07-08
2. Atta-alla, M.N. (2012). Integrating language skills through storytelling. English
language teaching journal, 5(12), 1-13. Retrieved from www.ccsenet.org/elt
3. Rossiter, Marsha (2002). “narrative and stories in adult teaching and learning”.
Educational Resources Information center ‘ERIC Digest’(241)
A long time ago in east java there were two strong animals, Sura and Baya. Sura was a
shark and baya was a crocodile . they livedinthe sea . actually, they werw ftiends .but when
they were hungry, they were very greedy. They did not want to share their food. They would
fight for it and never stop figting until one of them gave up.

It was a very hot day. Sura and Baya were looking for some food. Suddenly,Baya saw a goat.

“yummy, this is my lunch, “ said Baya.

“no way!this is my lunch. You are greedy! I had not eaten for two days ! “ said Sura

Then Sura and Baya fought again. After several hours, they were very tired. Sura had a plan
to stop their bad behavior.

: im tired of figthing, Baya, “ said Sura.

“ me too. What should we do stop figting? Do you have any idea?”asked Baya

“yes, I do. Let’s share our terriory. I live in the water ,so i look for food in the sea. And you
live on the land,right? So, you look for the food also on the land. The border is the beach, So
we will never meet again. Do you agree?” asked Sura

“ Hmm..let me thik about it. OK,I agree. From today , I wil never go to yhe sea again my
place is on the land,” Said Baya.

Then they both lived in the different places. But one day , Sura went to the lan and looked for
some food in the river. He was very hungry and there was not muchfood in the sea. Baya
was very angry and when he knew that Sura broke the promise.

“Hey, what are you doing here?this is my place. Your place is in the sea!”

“But ,there is water is the river, right? So, this is also my place!” sais Sura.

Then place where they were fighting was a mess. Blood was everywhere. People then always
talked about yhe fight as Surabaya, it’s from Sura the shark an Baya the crocodile. People
also put their war as the symbol of Surabaya city .
Once upon a time , there was a puppteer named gepptto. He rally wanted a boy but his
wife has been died fora long time ago. One day , he had and idea. He wanted to make a
puppet so he would never felt lonely again. He made a puppet so he would never feltblonely
again. He made a puppet all night without resting.in the morning, finally he finished his
work. He named puppet pinocchio.he played whole day with pinocchio. However , he felt
lonely again. He made a puppet all night without resting. In the morning, finally he finished
his work. He named the puppet, pinocchio. He played whole day with pinocchio. However,
he felt lonely again because pinocchio couldn’t talk or walk by himself. In the middle of the
night, geppetto prayed to the God. His wish was pinocchio became a real boy, human. He
thought it on his mind in his dream.

In the next morning, he surprised. Pinocchio was alive. He really was happy. He toug
pinocchio how to walk, how to speak, how to read etc. Like a teacher. Pinocchio learned fast.
He entered an elementary school. One day, pinocchio felt bored. So, he went home late.
Gappeto worried about him. When pinocchio came to home, geppeto asked him. He said he
was on school but he didn’t. Suddenly, pinocchio’s nose grow longer. It mean that pinocchio

The next day, pinocchio got caught by thieves. The thieves was the owner of circus.
Pinocchio became a slave for the circus. He was famous because he was a talking puppet.
Geppeto worried him. Pinocchio didn’t come home for 2 days. He found pinocchio
everywhere. When he discovered the sea, big wave smashed him. He was on whale’s
stomach when he awoke. He couldn’t find the way out.

In different place, pinocchio finally could get out from circus. He went to home but
geppeto wasn’t on there. He found geppeto at sea. He had the same accident like geppeto. He
met geppeto in whale’s stomach. They got out from its stomach by made a fire.

They went home back together. In the end, they lived happy forever after.

Storytelling is a a unique way for students to develop an uderstanding, respect and

appreciation for other culturses,and can promote a positive attitude to people from di fferent
lands, races and religions.

Storytelling and interculturral understanding there are a number of ways which

storytelling can enhance intercultural understanding and comunication. Stories can...

 Allow children to explore their own cultural roots

 Allow children to experience diverse cultures
 Enable children to empathise with un familiar people/places/situatios
 Offer insinghts into differents traditions and values
 Help children understand how wisdom is common to all peaploes/all cultures
 Offter insights into universal life experiences
 Help children consider new ideas
 Reveal differences and commonalties of cultures araound the world
 Promote a felling of well-being and relaxtoion
 Incrase childer’s willingness to comunicate thoughts and feelings
 Encourage use of imagination and creativity
 Encourage cooperation between students
 Enhance listening skills

Commonalities of cultures around the world stories reveal universal truths about the
world. Through stories we show how very different people share the same life experiences
and how human nature can transcend culture.

Oleh karena itu, disini saya mengambil contoh cerita rakyat yang sangat melegenda
dikalangan masyarakat,yakni untuk cerita lokal saya mengambil contoh cerita asal usul kota
tempat tinggal saya yakni kota Surabaya. Pada legenda surabaya dapat kita tarik kesimpulan
bahwasanya saling menghargai dan menjaga kerukunan dengan tetap mematuhi perjanjian
lebih baik dari pada terus memperebutkan kekuasaan. Sedangkan untuk cerita dari negara lain
saya mengambil contoh cerita legenda anak yakni pinokio. Dimana dalam cerita tersebut
dapat kita petik kesimpulan bahwasannya berbohong adalah perbuatan jelek dan akan
merugikan diri kita sendiri bahkan orang lain. Sehingga, sebagai anak kita harus patuh pada
orang tuan dan jujur dalam setiap tutur kata dan perbuatan.