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Medway LEA Advisory Service

Atoms and elements/compounds and


mixtures

8E & 8F

26 min
26 marks
Q1-L3, Q2-L4, Q3-L4, Q4-L5, Q5-L6, Q6-L7

Medway LEA Advisory Service 1


1. (a) The drawings below show that different elements are used for different objects.
Draw a line from each element to the reason for using that element.
Draw only four lines.

e le m e n t u s e d r e a s o n fo r u s in g th e e le m e n t

I t is lig h t e r th a n a ir.

copper
fo r th e b a s e
of a
saucepan

It is a g o o d c o n d u c to r o f h e a t.

g o ld
fo r a r in g

It is a g o o d c o n d u c to r o f
e le c t r ic it y .

14 h e liu m
to d a y
in a b a llo o n

It s ta y s s h in y b e c a u s e it d o e s
n o t r e a c t w ith o x y g e n .
°C
11
0
10

m e rc u ry
0
90
80
70

in a
60
50
40

th e rm o m e te r
30
20
10
0
–1
0

It is a liq u id a t r o o m
te m p e ra tu re .

4 marks

Medway LEA Advisory Service 2


(b) Which of the four elements is not a metal?
Tick the correct box.

copper

gold

helium

mercury

1 mark
maximum 5 marks

2. (a) Sam has two small compasses. When he puts them a long way apart, they both
point North.

Label the North and South magnetic poles on compass B.

com pass A com pass B


1 mark

(b) Sam puts the compasses side by side.

Label the North and South magnetic poles on both compasses.


One pole has been done for you.

1 mark

Medway LEA Advisory Service 3


(c) Sam then puts three compasses close together.

Label the North and South magnetic poles on each of the three compasses.
One pole has been done for you.

1 mark

(d) What metal are compass needles made from?

......................................................
1 mark
Maximum 4 marks

3. The list below shows properties that different elements can have.

 magnetic

 can be compressed

 very high melting point

 very low melting point

 good conductor of heat

 poor conductor of heat

 good conductor of electricity

 poor conductor of electricity

(a) Which two properties from the list above make aluminium suitable for
saucepans?

1. .................................................................................................................

2. .................................................................................................................
2 marks

Medway LEA Advisory Service 4


(b) Which property in the list above explains why:

(i) copper is used in the cable of a television?

.............................................................................................................
1 mark

(ii) a lot of oxygen gas can be pumped into a very small container?

.............................................................................................................
1 mark
Maximum 4 marks

4. (a) Samantha opened a tin of white paint. The paint consisted of a liquid and particles
of titanium dioxide that are insoluble in the liquid.
The paint had separated into two layers, as shown below.

liq u id

p a r t ic le s o f in s o lu b le
tita n iu m d io x id e

(i) What type of substance is the paint?


Tick the correct box.

a compound an element a mixture

1 mark

(ii) What type of substance is titanium dioxide?


Tick the correct box.

a compound an element a mixture

1 mark

(iii) Why did the particles of insoluble titanium dioxide sink to the bottom?

.............................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................
1 mark

Medway LEA Advisory Service 5


(b) Samantha stirred the paint and used it to paint a window frame.
She got some of the paint on the glass.

Samantha could not get the paint off the glass with water.
When she used a different liquid called white spirit the paint came off.

Why could she remove the paint with white spirit but not with water?

.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
1 mark
maximum 4 marks

5. Copper can be obtained form its ore, copper sulphide, in two stages.

First stage heating the ore in air


Copper sulphide reacts with oxygen from the air to form copper oxide
and sulphur dioxide gas.

Second stage heating the copper oxide with carbon


Copper oxide reacts with carbon to form copper and carbon dioxide
gas.

(a) Give the names of three elements mentioned above.

1. .................................................................................................................

2. .................................................................................................................

3. .................................................................................................................
1 mark

(b) Give the name of one compound mentioned above.

..........................................................................................................................
1 mark

Medway LEA Advisory Service 6


(c) Give the name of the compound, mentioned above which causes ‘acid rain’.

..........................................................................................................................
1 mark
Maximum 3 marks

6. In the 19th Century, a scientist called John Dalton used symbols to represent atoms.
The symbols he used for atoms of three different elements are shown below.

The diagrams below show different combinations of these atoms.

A B C

D E

(a) (i) Give the letter of the diagram which shows a mixture of two elements.

...............
1 mark

(ii) Give the letter of the diagram which shows a mixture of two compounds.

...............
1 mark

(iii) Give the letter of the diagram which shows a mixture of an element and a
compound.

...............
1 mark

Medway LEA Advisory Service 7


(b) Give one difference between a compound and a mixture.

.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
1 mark

(c) (i) Suggest a name and formula for the substance represented in diagram B.

name ...........................................................

formula ...............
1 mark

(ii) Suggest a name and formula for the substance represented in diagram D.

name ...........................................................

formula ...............
1 mark
maximum 6 marks

Medway LEA Advisory Service 8