Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 29
API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications By Kevin Martyn Magnetrol April 14/08
API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications By Kevin Martyn Magnetrol April 14/08

API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications

API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications By Kevin Martyn Magnetrol April 14/08

By

Kevin Martyn

Magnetrol

April 14/08

API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications By Kevin Martyn Magnetrol April 14/08
API OICS Guided Wave Radar Probe types and applications By Kevin Martyn Magnetrol April 14/08
Coaxial Types Twin Dual element probes, no beam spread, high sensitivity. Single rod Single element

Coaxial

Types

Coaxial Types Twin Dual element probes, no beam spread, high sensitivity. Single rod Single element probes,

Twin

Dual element probes, no beam spread, high sensitivity.

Single rod
Single rod

Single element probes, less sensitivity. High build up resistance. In a matched chamber performs like a coaxial probe

Selecting the right probe is key to the application, in both electrical and mechanical aspects. It their simplest form they are just a rod in a process, made with compatible metal, that can be cut, bent, or coated to suit the application. Over 20 types to choose from, that fall into two simple categories, single or dual element. Twin and Single Rod Probe can be rigid or flexible.

Anatomy and function of GWR Probes

To better understand their application, lets look at what they do.

Probes To better understand their application, lets look at what they do. Fiducial Pulse End of

Fiducial Pulse

Probes To better understand their application, lets look at what they do. Fiducial Pulse End of

End of Probe Pulse

Probes To better understand their application, lets look at what they do. Fiducial Pulse End of

Level Pulse

Probes To better understand their application, lets look at what they do. Fiducial Pulse End of

Anatomy and function of GWR Probes

End of Probe Pulse Fiducial Pulse Level Pulse
End of Probe Pulse
Fiducial Pulse
Level Pulse

Let’s break our look at this into 3 sections.

Starting at the top of the probe

Starting at the top of the probe • Engineered impedance change (Fiducial) causes a reference reflection

Engineered impedance change (Fiducial) causes a reference reflection in the probe gland rather that in the vessel where it can cause error (transition zone) or complete loss of signal (blind zone). This allows a true overfill rated device, as opposed to “hold last value” approaches and their associated risk. This contributes to their suitability as SIL 2 devices. Deadzones, null areas, transition zones etc. can now be avoided in almost all applications

Delay line which connects the electronics to the probe is a predetermined length (9” Typical) . The fiducial is continuously measured to verify calibration and accuracy. Can be extended to 15 feet for convenient remote electronics.

The process seal is also contained in this section. Certified to ISA 12.27.01, confirming reliability of both hard bonded, and soft (o-ring) type seals. Our seals are tested up to 16,000 psi by accredited 3 rd party agencies. Seals can be bonded borosilicate glass (hermetic) or a variety of o-rings materials combined with other materials like Teflon, Peek , or alumina, depending on application requirements.

A reference target is added to the probe a few inches below the gland, in those cases where the dielectric of the upper gas vapor is variable and high enough to start impacting accuracy (steam). It measures and provides correction of error. With this compensation algorithm, boiler drum level, feed water heaters and flash tanks become excellent applications.

Seal types and related applications

Hard bonded seals, and soft o-ring seals

Hard Seals

Contain borosilicate glass

Rated to 800F or 6250 PSI

Hermetic seal useful for full-vacuum applications

Rated to -320F for cryogenic applications

Must be used for ALL anhydrous ammonia and chlorine applications

Not a good choice for saturated steam

Soft Seals

O-ring material selected for application

Faced with TFE, Peek, or Alumina, to suit application

650F or 2400 PSI

Suitable for vacuum, but not true hermetic

Spacers (coax probes)

TFE, Peek, or alumina

The level reflection

The level reflection • Correct probe / chamber / electronics configuration will yield a suitable level

Correct probe / chamber / electronics configuration will yield a suitable level reflection in even the lowest dielectric media

There will be one reflection in overall level application or two reflections in interface applications.

The second (interface) reflection can be generated with any probe type.

The standard electronics looks at the distance between the two reflections and corrects for the time of flight delay through the hydrocarbon layer.

Probe reflections can easily be observed and optimized with free industry standard FDT software.

Interface Measurement

Interface Measurement Interface Specifications: • Top Layer  r = 1.4 to 5 • Bottom Layer
Interface Measurement Interface Specifications: • Top Layer  r = 1.4 to 5 • Bottom Layer

Interface Specifications:

Top Layer r = 1.4 to 5

Bottom Layer r > 15

Probes to 40 feet

Tracks upper edge of emulsion

Emulsion can be several feet

Resolves 1-2 inch of hydrocarbon even in high temperature apps

Coaxial probe, 500cP

Enlarged Coaxial probe or Twin Flexible probe, 2000cP

SRP in matched chamber

Interface Level measurement & Emulsion Layers

Air

Air

Oil

Oil

Water

Water

Clean Interface

Clean Interface

Does overall level vary, as well as interface?

Interface Does overall level vary, as well as interface? Clean interface or emulsion? Air Air Oil

Clean interface or emulsion?

vary, as well as interface? Clean interface or emulsion? Air Air Oil Oil Rag Layer Rag

Air

Air

Oil

Oil

Rag Layer

Rag Layer

Water

Water

Rag Layer

Rag Layer

GWR will track here

Water Water Rag Layer Rag Layer GWR will track here Do you have one variable (interface)
Water Water Rag Layer Rag Layer GWR will track here Do you have one variable (interface)

Do you have one variable (interface) or two (overall level and interface). Many technologies can handle only one variable. A second will introduce substantial error.

End of Probe reflection

End of Probe reflection • In low E applications, or when there is no level on

In low E applications, or when there is no level on probe, this signal can be seen a verified to be in the correct location. A helpful diagnostic.

This EOP signal does move with level on the probe, but should not be used to infer level (EOP following) as it is affected by dielectric changes in the media, and offers poor resolution and accuracy.

Probe Choice Is Critical!

Must Consider…

Temperature

Pressure

Steam

Mounting fitting

Length

Head room

Dielectric sensitivity

Coating/bridging/buildup

Viscosity

Material compatibility

Seal / O-rings

Turbulence

Obstructions/proximity effects

Overfill considerations

Probe types

Coaxial Probe Probe Configurations Coaxial Probe • 0.375” ( 10mm) rod inside of a 0.875”
Coaxial Probe Probe Configurations Coaxial Probe • 0.375” ( 10mm) rod inside of a 0.875”

Coaxial Probe

Coaxial Probe Probe Configurations Coaxial Probe • 0.375” ( 10mm) rod inside of a 0.875” (22

Probe Configurations

Coaxial Probe

0.375” (10mm) rod inside of a 0.875” (22 mm tube (standard)

( 10mm) rod inside of a 0.875” (22 mm tube (standard) • 0.6” (16mm) rod inside

• 0.6” (16mm) rod inside a 1.75(45 mm) tube (enlarged)

• Most efficient waveguide, Er > 1.4
• .

No

roximit

p

y

effects

•Reads level accurately to the very top (no transition zone)

•Suitable for very high RF fields •Viscosity < 500 cp (standard)/ <2000 cP (enlarged)

• High Temperature, High pressure versions (800F or 6250 PSI)

• Probe lengths to 20 Feet rigid

• 316 ss standard. Hastelloy and Monel optional Single bottom spacer for viscous applications

Optional flushing connection allows CIP without process interruption

Bottom View

Electromagnetic Propagation

Probe Configurations

Twin Rod Probe

•Two 0.5” (12 mm) parallel rods

• General purpose probe, Er > 1.9

• 3” or larger chamber

• Viscosity < 1500 cp

• Rigid Probe lengths to 20 feet (6 meters)

• FEP Coated Flexible Probes to 75 feet (22 meters)

• 316ss (std.) Hastelloy and Monel optional

Probes to 75 feet (22 meters) • 316ss (std.) Hastelloy and Monel optional Bottom View Electromagnetic

Bottom View

Electromagnetic Propagation

Probe Configurations

Single Rod Probe

Single Rod Probe

• Solid 0.5” (12mm) rod

• Er > 1.9 when used in chambers, 1.4 if impedance matched.

• Er > 10 when used in open vessels

• High viscosity applications (<10,000 cP)

• Immune to high dielectric buildup

• Rigid probes to 20 feet, flexible cable to 75 feet

• Exotic metals and PFA coating optional

cable to 75 feet • Exotic metals and PFA coating optional The least sensitive probe also

The least sensitive probe also has a large impedance change as the signal enters the vessel which can cause a small blind area at the top. Mounting in a matched chamber turns it into a large coax probe, making it very sensitive and overfill suitable.

The larger the launch plate (flange, top of tank), the better the performance.

Yes you can really bend it!

Yes you can really bend it!

Probe mounting

Chambers and nozzles

Invasive or bridle mounts – present different issues

Invasive or bridle mounts – present different issues Single rod probe in a matched chamber gives

Single rod probe in a matched chamber gives constant impedance and coax performance.

Typical approach in refineries, & chemical plants

Typical approach in refineries, & chemical plants • Isolation allows maintenance without interrupting the process.

Isolation allows maintenance without interrupting the process.

Chamber is sized and matched to instrument characteristics.

Option for redundant indicator (MLI).

B31.3 piping code typical

NACE, insulation, heat trace optional

Available as a complete package.

(MLI). • B31.3 piping code typical • NACE, insulation, heat trace optional • Available as a

Temperature effect

Temperature effect Cooler product becomes more dense, and indicates a lower level for same weight. Insulation

Cooler product becomes more dense, and indicates a lower level for same weight. Insulation & heat tracing can help.

Why “Overfill Safe”?

Why “Overfill Safe”? • Overfill probes can measure to within specification all the way up to

Overfill probes can measure to within specification all the way up to the process seal

Important in cage applications

Don’t go blind!

LLSD - 1208

the way up to the process seal • Important in cage applications • Don’t go blind!
the way up to the process seal • Important in cage applications • Don’t go blind!

?

the way up to the process seal • Important in cage applications • Don’t go blind!

Piping Configurations

Piping Configurations

Single Rod Probe

nozzles

C A
C
A

= Diameter

B = Length B A = Mounting C
B
= Length
B
A
= Mounting
C

Note:

Note:

A
A

divided divided by

B
B

should be >or= 1 for optimum performance

2"x6" (50x150mm) nozzles (typ.) will force increased

BLOCKING DISTANCE and possible decreased SENSITIVITY

Bent Probe with built in chamber Popular displacer level transmitter replacer

Before
Before
After
After
Bent Probe with built in chamber Popular displacer level transmitter replacer Before After

Coaxial Probe

Level

Fiducial
Fiducial

Coaxial vs. SRP invasive vs SRP

No unwanted

changes in

impedance

Single Rod Probe

Fiducial
Fiducial

Mismatch depending on mounting

Level

Coaxial vs. Single Rod Probe

Coaxial Probe

Level

Fiducial
Fiducial

No unwanted changes impedance

Single Rod Probe in Stillwell/Cage

Fiducial
Fiducial

Smaller mismatch depending on chamber dimensions

Level

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is the probe matched to the electronics, such that I need to select a certain combination for my application? A: No, the electronics quick connect to, and work with any probe. It is the probe and optional chamber you select for the application, not the electronics. Electronics are typically selected to meet area classifications.

Q: I am replacing displacer transmitters that came with chambers, can I do the same with GWR? A: Yes this matching chambers are becoming increasingly popular, However you may be able to use the existing chamber with a new GWR probe as well.

Q: Do GWR probes work if the application is producing steam? A: Yes, but only if a steam probe with compensating reference target is selected.

Q: I have a vacuum tower application, any special concerns? A: Yes, you should select a probe that accurately reads to the face of the probe, and you may also want a true hermetic seal.

Q: Can I cut the probe if it is too long. A: Yes, please request the appropriate procedure from the manufacturer.

Q: What about liquid /liquid interface applications? A: Fine for a standard unit, but if non invasive (in a bridle), make sure you have sufficient equalization connections, if it is not flooded service.

Q: What about critical overfill applications? A: Select a probe that has no transition zone for accuracy and reliability to the very top of the probe.

Questions?

Questions?
Questions?

E-mail kmartyn@magnetrol.com for additional info, or a copy of this presentation.

for additional info, or a copy of this presentation. For the internal use of API OICS

For the internal use of API OICS This presentation contains Magnetrol proprietary and confidential information. Do not reproduce or distribute without written permission