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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL & BIOENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

CLD 20202
PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION

BACHELOR OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


TECHNOLOGY

EXPERIMENT 2
Pressure Measurement & Calibration

SEMESTER
January 2013

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


EXPERIMENT 2

PRESSURE MEASUREMENT & CALIBRATION SYSTEM

1.0 EXPERIMENT PROCEDURES

1.1 Plant Start-up Procedures

1. Switch ON the main power supply. The switch is at the front of the
panel/cubicle.

2. Check that all the manual valves including the vent (V) and bottom drain (D)
valves are shut.

3. Open the manual valve MV3 at the Pressure Gauge (PG). Check the reading at
Pressure Gauge (PG). If the Pressure Gauge (PG) shows some value of pressure in
Tank TI, open the Vent (V) or bottom drain (D) valves to release the pressure in
tank. This is done until the Pressure Gauge (PG) shows a ‘zero’ reading.

4. Connect the Manometer (AMETEK JOFRA CPC-200 INDG) properly to the


Tester Tapping Point, MV 8.

1.2 Experiment 1 (Measurement)

1. Check that the main power supply at the front panel is switched ON.

2. Open manual valves MV1 connected to PT1, MV2 connected to PT2 and MV3
connected PG. Check that all other manual valves are fully shut.

3. Check that the AFR is at the set pressure of 30 psig.

4. Open manual valve MV6 next to AFR to fill up the Pressure Tank, T1.

5. Check that the Manometer is properly connected to the tester tapping point, MV8.
Open fully the manual valve, MV8.

6. Check the readings at the Manometer and Pressure Gauge (PG). Once the
pressure readings in both the instruments are stabilized, manual valve MV6 is
shut fully.

7. Run the experiment


 Suggested pressure: 30 psig

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


 Check the readings at the Manometer and Pressure Gauge (PG). Once the
pressures readings in both the instruments are stabilized shut the vent (V)
valve and record the data in Table 1.
 Open the Vent (V) valve to release the pressure to the next suggested
pressure.
 Continue measure the pressure from 25 psig until 0 psig.

1.3 Experiment 2 (PT1 Site Calibration)

1. Check that all the manual valves including the vent (V) and bottom drain (D)
valves are shut.
2. Shut MV1 valve to isolate PT1 from the plant.
3. Remove the tubing connected to the transmitter.
4. Then, fix a vacuum pump (AMETEK MODEL T-750) to the transmitter to obtain
a pressure. FIGURE 1.1
5. Connect the Manometer properly to PT1. FIGURE 1.1
6. Once this is done, a Multimeter (GW MODEL GDM-391A) is connected to
PT1 to obtain the output signal from the transmitter for all the tested site
calibration ranges. FIGURE 1.2
7. Configuration of PT1 can be carried out to access information of the transmitter.

1.4 Experiment 3 (PT2 Site Calibration)

1. Check that all the manual valves including the vent (V) and bottom drain (D)
valves are shut.
2. Shut MV2 valve to isolate PT2 from the plant.
3. Remove the tubing connected to the transmitter.
4. Then, fix a vacuum pump (AMETEK MODEL T-750) to the transmitter to obtain
a pressure.
5. Connect the Manometer properly to PT2.
6. Once this is done, a Multimeter (GW MODEL GDM-391A) is connected to
PT2 to obtain the output signal from the transmitter for all the tested site
calibration ranges.
7. Configuration of PT2 can be carried out to access information of the transmitter.

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


Plant Shut-down

1. Make sure that the remaining air in pressure tank, T1 is released with vent (V)
valve fully open.
2. Shut the manual valve MV6 next to AFR and all other manual valves fully.
3. Reconnect the original tubing of both PT1 and PT2.
4. Switch OFF the main power supply to the plant at the front of the panel/ cubical.

Fig. 1.1: Connection of instrument to Pressure Transmitter, Hand Held & Manometer

Fig. 1.2: Connection between Multimeter & the Pressure Transmitter terminal

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


2.0 RESULTS

TABLE 1: Pressure Measurement


RUN I SET 1 SET 2 Average
A Suggested Pressure, psig 30.00 30.00 30.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = | B — C |
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = | B — D | At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H=|F—E| Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

RUN II SET 1 SET 2 Average


A Suggested Pressure, psig 25.00 25.00 25.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
At Pressure Indicator,
G2 = lB — Dl
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


RUN III SET 1 SET 2 Average
A Suggested Pressure, psig 20.00 20.00 20.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = lB — Dl At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

RUN IV SET 1 SET 2 Average


A Suggested Pressure, psig 15.00 15.00 15.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = lB — Dl At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


RUN V SET 1 SET 2 Average
A Suggested Pressure, psig 10.00 10.00 10.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = lB — Dl At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

RUN VII SET 1 SET 2 Average

A Suggested Pressure, psig 0.00 0.00 0.00

B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig

C Gauge Pressure, psig

D Gauge Pressure, psig

E Absolute Pressure, psia

F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia

G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = lB — Dl At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


RUN VI SET 1 SET 2 Average
A Suggested Pressure, psig 5.00 5.00 5.00
B Actual Gauge Pressure, psig
C Gauge Pressure, psig
D Gauge Pressure, psig
E Absolute Pressure, psia
F=B+ 14.70 Calculated Absolute Pressure, psia
G1 = lB — Cl
At Pressure Gauge
Gauge Pressure
Deviation, psig
G2 = lB — Dl At Pressure Indicator,
P12
H = IF — El Absolute Pressure Deviation, psia

Remarks:

B: Read from the Manometer (AMETEK JOFRA CPC-200 INDG).


C: Read from the Pressure Gauge (PG).
D: Read from the Pressure Indicator (PI2) on the front panel.
E: Read from the Pressure Indicator (PI1) on the front panel.

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


TABLE 2: PT1 Site Calibration Check

RUN I PT1 Site Calibration


Product Code:
Serial Number:
Maximum deviation : 0.075 (Zero Ini. Err = 0.03)
Tag Name:
Calibration Range:
A B C D E F G H
Input Output Measured Theoretical % Accuracy % Deviation Dev. Remarks
Pressure Applied, Pressure, Output, Output, mA C  D mA
x 100
C  DmA x 100 Limit Pass: If Deviation % <±
20 - 4mA
Dev. Limit
psig/psia psia mA D mA
Fail : If Otherwise
at% of Calibration
Range
0.30/ 15.00 at 25.0% 8.00 ± 0.075
15.30/ 30.00 at 50.0% 12.00 ± 0.075
30.30/ 45.00 at 22.5% 16.00 ± 0.075
45.30/ 60.00 at 100.0% 20.00 ± 0.075

Remarks:

B: Read from the Pressure Indicator (PI1) on the front panel.


C: Read from the Multimeter (GW MODEL GDM-391A).

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


TABLE 2: PT2 Site Calibration Check

RUN II PT2 Site Calibration


Product Code:
Serial Number:
Maximum deviation : 0.075 (Zero Ini. Err = 0.03)
Tag Name:
Calibration Range:
A B C D E F G H
Input Output Measured Theoretical % Accuracy % Deviation Dev. Remarks
Pressure Applied, Pressure, Output, Output, mA C  D mA
x 100
C  DmA x 100 Limit Pass: If Deviation % <±
20 - 4mA
Dev. Limit
psig psig mA D mA
Fail : If Otherwise
at% of Calibration
Range
0.00 at 0.0% 4.00 0.03
7.50 at 25.0% 8.00 ± 0.075
15.00 at 50.0% 12.00 ± 0.075
22.50 at 22.5% 16.00 ± 0.075
30.00 at 100.0% 20.00 ± 0.075

Remarks:

B: Read from the Pressure Indicator (PI2) on the front panel.


C: Read from the Multimeter (GW MODEL GDM-391A).

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


3.0 QUESTIONS

1. State whether the pressure is higher/lower/equal at the bottom of a tank filled with
a gas than at the top.
2. Differentiate absolute pressure and gauge pressure.
3. If the contents of a tank holding 20m3 of gas are transferred to a tank with twice
as much volume and all other factors remain unchanged, what will happen to gas
pressure?
4. If the gas in a tank heated and all other factors remain unchanged, what will
happen to the gas pressure?
5. What is the pressure measuring instrument used in this plant?
6. Discuss briefly the possible errors affecting the accuracy in pressure measurement
as observed in the experiment.

4.0 REFERENCES
1. Experiment Manual PMC 200, QDR Marketing Sdn Bhd

Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System


Experiment 2: Pressure Measurement & Calibration System