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SITE ELEMENTS

Foreground
Building Area
Service Area
Play Area
Private Area
Entourage

FOREGROUND
Common Foreground elements
Factors that control the size of foregrounds:
Function of building
Depth of Lot
Local Ordinances
Driveway Layout
Landscaping
Parking Area and Layout
Type of Street as to volume of Traffic
and intensity of Noise PLAY AREA
Area of Rear Lawn or Yard Common play area elements:
Factors that affect location of play areas:
BUILDING AREA Orientation
Factors controlling the location and position of buildings: Effect of noise to adjacent buildings
Function of building Accessibility
Topographic condition
Shape of Lot PRIVATE AREA
Existing features on lot
Location of approach ENTOURAGE
Orientation as to direction of prevailing wind Common entourage elements:
Orientation as to direction of sun Factors that control layout of entourage:
Vista Position of walkway, driveway and parking
Ordinances as to side and rear setbacks Size and shape of the softscape / hardscape
Aesthetic and Function
SERVICE AREA
Common service area elements:
Factors that control the location of service areas:
Sun exposure
Wind direction
Visual privacy from public areas
Nature of adjoining building
SITE PLANNING TOPOGRAPHY
Site planning • The building foundation type
The art and science of arranging structures on the land and • The building form and its relationship to the ground
shaping the spaces between, it is an art linked to plane
architecture, engineering,, landscaping, and city planning. • Site drainage
• The site’s microclimate

SLOPE PATTERN
• 0-5 % generally flat, highly buildable
• 5-10% gently rolling, moderately
buildable
• 10-15% gentle to mild slopes,
soil moderately difficult terrain
• the type and size of a buildings foundation system • 15-20% mild to steep slopes, difficult
• The drainage of ground and surface water terrain
• The type of plant material able to grow on a site • 20%-above harsh, steep slopes
unbuildable
To support plant llife, a soil must:
 Be capable of absorbing moisture
 Supply the appropriate plant nutrients
 Be capable of aeration
 Be free of concentrated salts
VEGETATION
• Affects site’s microclimate
• Definition or visual screening of exterior spaces
• Absorption or dispersion of sound
• Can control erosion

WIND SHADOW

Can control erosion: Vitiver grass- miracle grass of amazing


bio engineering capabilities

SUN
• Solar radiation
• Natural light
WIND PRECIPITATION/ RAIN
• air infiltration to building
• Ventilation
• Lateral load of structure
Drainage away
from structure

Damp proofing for


substructure

Pier footing

Slope away
from building

• The roof form and construction


• Presence and drainage of water on the site
• Choice of building materials

Moderately
pitched

Flat roof Steeply pitched


SOUND

Physical mass

Building zones

Constructed barriers

Dense plantings
Ground covers

REGULATORY FACTORS
• Land use
• Setbacks
• Building height
• FAR – how much land and volume can be covered by
building
• Protect environment (ECC)
Building Code
• Type of occupancy a building houses
• Fire resistance rating of structure and construction
• Allowable height and floor areas of a building
• PD1096
• BP 220
• BP 344
• PD 957
• PD 1185

Zoning ordinances

FAR=
(CD)+(EF)+(GH)
(AB)

PUD’s
SETBACKS
PARKING
HEIGHT OF BUILDING 1. No. of parking
2. Accessible slot
3. Pedestrian access
4. Loading zones for buses
5. Service area
6. Emergency vehicles
7. Distance from intersection
8. Clear sight lines
9. Control of access
10. Landscaping
11. Drainage

Check rule XIX IRR

a. Convenience for the public


b. Preservation of external character of building