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Monorail calculation

Rated Load Q = 2 ton


Testing load Q1 = 2.5 ton(125% of rated load)

Braket pitch L = 560 cm


Trolly wheel base B = 50 cm

Speed hoisting Vm1 = 8 m/min


traversing V2 = 13 m/min

Lif H1 = 18 m

Weight of Trolly Q2 = 0.41 ton


Beam weight W1 = 0.655 kg/cm
accessary W2 = 0.1 ton
hook block W3 = 0.02 ton

Number of traverse wheel NW1 = 4 EA

Modulus of longitudinal elastici E = 2100000 kg/cm2

Yield point of material sy = 2.4 ton/cm2

impact factor ᴪ = 1.1


Working factor M = 1.14

Allowable stress
Tension stress sta = sy/1.5 1.6 ton/cm2
compression stress sca = sta/1.15 1.4 ton/cm3
shearing stress sa = sta/√3 0.92 ton/cm4
Beam Calculation

Beam size I300*150*10/18.5t

Second moment of area


Ix = 12700 cm4
Ly = 886 cm4

Section modulus
Zx1 = 849 cm4
Zx2 = 118 cm4

2)Bendung stress of beam

2.1) Vertical bending moment


A) Due to live load 0

Trolly wheel load:P1 =(𝑄1+𝑄2+𝑊3)/2 = 1465 kg

M1=(𝑀.ᴪ.𝑃1 〖 .(�−�/2) 〗 ^2)/2𝐿=


469488.2 kg.cm

B)Due to dead load

M=(𝑀.𝑊1. = 29270.64 kgcm


𝐿^2)/8

2.2) Moment of wind load (c = 1.4 )

*VELOCITY PRESSURE (m=v2/30),v=45M/SEC,h=16M)

M = V2/30
V = 45 m/sec
H = 16 m
* q = M x 4√H = 135 kg/cm2

* WIND PRESSURE AREA


Hoist: Ah = 0.8 m2
I-beam Ab = 2.64 m2

*Wind Load
Hoist Wh=cxqxAh = 151.2 kg
I-beam Wb=cxqxAb = 498.96 kg

L2 = 300 cm
a = 250 cm

M3 = (wh-Wb) x {l2-(l2-a)} = 162540 kg.cm

C) Combined Bending stress

M4=M1+M2+M3 = 661298.9 kg.cm

2.3.1) Vertical bending stress

σv=M4/Zx1 = 778.915 kg/cm2

2.3.2) Combined bending stress

σc=σv = 778.915 kg.cm2

778.915 kg.cm2< 1400 kg.cm2

3) Deflection of beam

3.1) Due to rate load


P4=Q/2 = 1000 kg

�1=(𝑃4.(𝐿−𝐵).{𝐿^2+(𝐿+𝐵)^2})/(48.𝐸.𝐼𝑥)
= 0.273174

�1/𝐿 = 0.000488 < 0.001

3.2) Due to trolley P5 = (Q2+W3)/2 = 215 kg

�2=(𝑃5.(𝐿−𝐵).{𝐿^2+(𝐿+𝐵)^2})/(48.𝐸.𝐼𝑥) = 0.058733 cm

3.3) Due to dead load


�3=(5.𝑊1.𝐿^4)/(384.𝐸.𝐼𝑥)
= 0.031449 cm

3.4) Total Diflection

�= �1+�2+�3 = 0.363356

�/𝐿=
Ratio= 0.000649 < 0.00125

4) Overhang part

4.2) Bending Stress

Bending moment

M = P x (2L-a) = 512750 kg.cm

Bending stress check

σ = M/Zx = 603.9458 kgf/cm2 < 1400 kgf/cm2

4.3) T/S Beam Deflection check

Due to live load

�1=(𝑃.𝑎^2.(3.𝐿2−3(𝑙2−𝑎)−𝑎)))/(6.𝐸.𝐼𝑥)= 0.286097 cm
Due to dead load
�2=(𝑊1. 〖𝐿 2 〗 ^4)/(8.𝐸.𝐼𝑥)
= 0.024866

Total deflection

�= �1+�2= 0.310963
�/𝐿=
Ratio 0.000555 < 0.00125 …… ok