Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 23

Langkah mencari Faktor Kerusakan Penipisan (thinning), D fthin

STEP 1 – Determine the number of previous failures that have occurred, and determine the base damage
factor DfBPF based on the following criteria.
b) STEP 2 – Determine the amount of visible/audible shaking or audible noise occurring in the pipe, and
determine the base damage factor D fB AS based on the following criteria.
STEP 3 – Determine the adjustment factor for visible/audible shaking based on the following criteria. This
adjustment is based on observation that some piping systems may endure visible shaking for years. A
repeated stress with a cycle of only 1 hertz (1/s) results in over 30 million cycles in a year. Most systems, if
they were subject to failure by mechanical fatigue would be expected to fail before reaching tens or
hundreds of million cycles. One should note that intermittent cycles are cumulative.
STEP 4 – Determine the type of cyclic loading connected directly or indirectly within approximately 15.24
meters (50 feet) of the pipe, and determine the base damage factor CF
fB D based on the following criteria.
e) STEP 5 – Determine the base damage factor using Equation (2.56).

b) STEP 2,
Determine e) STEP 5 – 6)
the amount 3) Determine 4) type of Determine STEP 5 –
of the cyclic loading the base Determine
1 Number of
previous visible/audib adjustment connected damage the base
KP le shaking or factor for directly or factor using damage
failure audible noise visible/audib indirectly Equation factor
occurring in le shaking DfBCF (2.56). DmfatfB DfBmfat
the pipe
DfBAS

1 1 50 0.02 1 1 1
2 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 1 1 1 1 1 1
4 1 1 1 1 1 1
5 1 1 1 1 1 1

STEP 6 – Determine the final value of the damage factor using Equation (2.57).

KP Base damage
factor
DfBmfat Adjustment Factor
FmfatF

FCA FPC FCP FJB FBD


1 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
2 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
3 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
4 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
5 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
base damage

he pipe, and

g criteria. This

ost systems, if

imately 15.24
Mencari interpolasi nilai x?
a b
Masukkan nilai ref terkecil (1) 0
Masukkan nilai ref terbesar (2) 10
Masukkan hasil terkecil(1) 0
Masukkan hasil terbesar (2) 0.324
Masukkan nilai yang dicari dari (3) 2
Hasil nilai yang dicari (3) 0.0648
langkah mencari Faktor Kerusakan Kelelahan Mekanik
STEP 1 – Determine the number of previous failures that have occurred, and determine the base damage
factor DfBPF based on the following criteria.
b) STEP 2 – Determine the amount of visible/audible shaking or audible noise occurring in the pipe, and
determine the base damage factor D fB AS based on the following criteria.
STEP 3 – Determine the adjustment factor for visible/audible shaking based on the following criteria. This
adjustment is based on observation that some piping systems may endure visible shaking for years. A
repeated stress with a cycle of only 1 hertz (1/s) results in over 30 million cycles in a year. Most systems, if
they were subject to failure by mechanical fatigue would be expected to fail before reaching tens or
hundreds of million cycles. One should note that intermittent cycles are cumulative.
STEP 4 – Determine the type of cyclic loading connected directly or indirectly within approximately 15.24
meters (50 feet) of the pipe, and determine the base damage factor CF
fB D based on the following criteria.
e) STEP 5 – Determine the base damage factor using Equation (2.56).

b) STEP 2,
Determine e) STEP 5 – 6)
the amount 3) Determine 4) type of Determine STEP 5 –
of the cyclic loading the base Determine
1 Number of visible/audib adjustment connected damage the base
KP previous le shaking or factor for directly or factor using damage
failure audible noise visible/audib indirectly Equation factor
occurring in le shaking DfBCF (2.56). DmfatfB DfBmfat
the pipe
DfBAS

1 1 50 0.02 1 1 1
2 1 1 1 1 1 1
3 1 1 1 1 1 1
4 1 1 1 1 1 1
5 1 1 1 1 1 1

STEP 6 – Determine the final value of the damage factor using Equation (2.57).

KP Base damage
factor
DfBmfat Adjustment Factor
FmfatF

FCA FPC FCP FJB FBD


1 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
2 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
3 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
4 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
5 1 2 2 1 1 1 4
CUI DAMAGE FACTOR – FERRITIC COMPONENT

16.6.1    Calculation of the Damage Factor

Determine the number of inspections, and the corresponding inspection effectiveness category using paragr
STEP 1 inspections. Combine the inspections to the highest effectiveness performed using paragraph

STEP 2 Determine the time in-service, AGEtk, since the last inspection thickness reading, trd, taken either externally or

STEP 3 Determine the in-service time, agecoat, since the coating has been determined to be ineffective using Equatio

STEP 4 Determine the in-service time, age , over which CUI may have occurred using Equation (2.37).

Component Jumlah agetk (years) Coat QualityCalculation Date


KP Efektifitas Category
Type Inspeksi
1 PIPE 16 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
2 PIPE 16 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
3 PIPE 16 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
4 PIPE 16 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
5 PIPE 16 1 C 1C 8 high 2018

STEP 5 – Determine the base corrosion rate, CrB , based on the driver and operating temperature using
Table 17.3.
Corrosion Rate as a
Function of Driver (1)
Operating Temperature  (mm/y)
(°c )
Arid / Dry

32 0.0250

STEP 6 – Compute the final corrosion rate using Equation (2.38).

The adjustment factors are determined as follows.


1) Adjustment for insulation type; FINS , based on F Table 17.4
2) Adjustment for Complexity, FCM – Established based on the following criteria.
• If the complexity is below average, then FCM = 0,75
• If the complexity is average, then FCM = 1.0
• If the complexity is above average, then FCM = 1.25
3) Adjustment for Insulation Condition, IC – Established based on the following criteria. F
• If the insulation condition is below average, then FIC F = 1.25 .
• If the insulation condition is average, then F IC = 1.0 .
• If the insulation condition is above average, then F IC =0.75.
4) Adjustment for Pipe Supports, PS F – If piping is supported directly on beams or other such
configuration that does not allow for proper coating maintenance, then 2; otherwise, FPS = 1 FPS = .
5) Adjustment for Interface, – If the piping has an interface where it enters either soil or water, then
FIP = 2, otherwise F IP = 1.

KP CrB FINS FCM FIC FPS FIP Cr


1 0.0250 1 0.75 0.75 1 2 0.028125
2 0.0250 1 0.75 0.75 1 2 0.028125
3 0.0250 1 0.75 0.75 1 2 0.028125
4 0.0250 1 0.75 0.75 1 2 0.028125
5 0.0250 1 0.75 0.75 1 2 0.028125

STEP 7 – Determine the minimum required wall thickness, t min , per the original construction code or using
API 579 [10], Appendix A.
STEP 8 – Determine the Art parameter using Equation ( A 2.39) , based on the age from STEP 4, the trd from step 2
rom STEP 6, and the from STEP 7.
STEP 9 – Calculate the damage factor for CUI, DfCUIF , using Table 5.11 or Table 5.12, as applicable, based on the numbe

Component trd Cr tmin Art


No. KP Type age CA
1 PIPE 16 12.7 0.028125 0 6.390 6.31 0.00
2 PIPE 16 12.7 0.028125 0 2.753 9.95 0.00
3 PIPE 16 12.7 0.028125 0 2.114 10.59 0.00
4 PIPE 16 12.7 0.028125 0 1.593 11.11 0.00
5 PIPE 16 12.7 0.028125 0 0.539 12.16 0.00

STEP 9 Calculate the damage factor for external corrosion, Dextcorf , using Table 5.11 or Table 5.12, as applicable,
based on the number of, and highest effective inspection category from STEP 1, and the Art parameter from

Component Efektivitas Art DfCUIF


No. KP Type Inspeksi

1 COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
2 COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
3 COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
4 COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
5 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
ectiveness category using paragraph 17.6.2 for all past
eness performed using paragraph 4.4.3.

ng, trd, taken either externally or internally.

ed to be ineffective using Equation (2.33)

Equation (2.37).

Date Instalation Date agecoat (years) age (years)

2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0

emperature using

ng criteria. F
ms or other such
herwise, FPS = 1 FPS = .
ther soil or water, then

uction code or using

STEP 4, the trd from step 2

applicable, based on the number of, and highest effective inspection category from STEP 1, and the parameter from STEP 8.

1 or Table 5.12, as applicable,


1, and the Art parameter from
parameter from STEP 8.
EXTERNAL CORROSION DAMAGE FACTOR – FERRITIC COMPONENT

16.6.1    Calculation of the Damage Factor

paragraph 16.6.2 for all past inspections. Combine the inspections to the highest effectiveness
STEP 1 performed using paragraph 4.4.3.

STEP 2 Determine the time in-service, agetk , since the last inspection thickness reading, trd , taken either externally or in

STEP 3 Determine the time in-service, agecoat , since the coating has been determined to be ineffective using Equation (2

STEP 4 Determine the in-service time, age , over which external corrosion may have occurred using Equation (2.30).

Tag Componen Jumlah age (years) Quality


Inspeksi Efektifitas Category tk
No. Tanki Number t Type Calculation Date

COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018


COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
1
COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
2
COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
3
COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
4
4 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
5 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
6 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
7 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
8 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
9
9 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-1 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-2 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-3 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-4 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
10 COURSE-5 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-6 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-7 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-8 1 C 1C 8 high 2018
COURSE-9 1 C 1C 8 high 2018

STEP 5 Determine the base corrosion rate, Crb , based on the driver and operating temperature using

Corrosion Rate as a
Operating Temperature  Function of Driver (1)
(°c) (mm/y)
Arid / Dry
32 0.0250

STEP 6 Compute the final corrosion rate using Equation (2.31).

FPS FIP CrB Cr


1 1 0.025 0.025

STEP 7 Determine the minimum required wall thickness, tmin , per the original construction code or using API 579 [10], A

STEP 8 Determine the Art parameter using Equation (2.32) , based on the age from STEP 4, the trd from STEP 2, Cr from S

Tag Componen trd Cr tmin Art


No. Tanki Number t Type age CA
COURSE-1 20 0.025 0 13.150 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 16 0.025 0 10.693 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 12 0.025 0 7.476 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 8 0.025 0 4.978 1.500 0.00
1
COURSE-5 8 0.025 0 3.392 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 20 0.025 0 13.150 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 16 0.025 0 10.693 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 12 0.025 0 7.476 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 8 0.025 0 4.978 1.500 0.00
2
COURSE-5 8 0.025 0 3.392 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 20 0.025 0 13.176 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 16 0.025 0 10.720 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 12 0.025 0 7.500 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 8 0.025 0 5.001 1.500 0.00
3
COURSE-5 8 0.025 0 3.415 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 22 0.025 0 14.215 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 19 0.025 0 12.159 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 16 0.025 0 9.185 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 16 0.025 0 7.316 1.500 0.00
4 COURSE-5 12 0.025 0 5.447 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 10 0.025 0 4.310 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 2.621 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 22 0.025 0 15.157 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 19 0.025 0 13.101 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 16 0.025 0 10.042 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 16 0.025 0 8.173 1.500 0.00
5 COURSE-5 12 0.025 0 6.304 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 10 0.025 0 5.341 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 3.653 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 22 0.025 0 13.872 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 19 0.025 0 11.817 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 16 0.025 0 8.873 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 16 0.025 0 7.005 1.500 0.00
6 COURSE-5 12 0.025 0 5.136 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 10 0.025 0 3.934 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 8 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 28 0.025 0 18.283 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 24 0.025 0 15.775 1.500 0.00

7
COURSE-3 22 0.025 0 12.061 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 18 0.025 0 9.781 1.500 0.00
7 COURSE-5 14 0.025 0 7.501 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 12 0.025 0 6.288 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 10 0.025 0 4.228 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 10 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 10 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 28 0.025 0 21.899 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 24 0.025 0 18.895 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 22 0.025 0 14.446 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 18 0.025 0 11.715 1.500 0.00
8 COURSE-5 14 0.025 0 8.984 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 12 0.025 0 7.531 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 10 0.025 0 5.064 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 10 0.025 0 2.597 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 10 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 28 0.025 0 21.899 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 24 0.025 0 18.895 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 22 0.025 0 14.446 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 18 0.025 0 11.715 1.500 0.00
9 COURSE-5 14 0.025 0 8.984 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 12 0.025 0 7.531 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 10 0.025 0 5.064 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 10 0.025 0 2.597 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 10 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00
COURSE-1 28 0.025 0 21.899 1.500 0.00
COURSE-2 24 0.025 0 18.895 1.500 0.00
COURSE-3 22 0.025 0 14.446 1.500 0.00
COURSE-4 18 0.025 0 11.715 1.500 0.00
10 COURSE-5 14 0.025 0 8.984 1.500 0.00
COURSE-6 12 0.025 0 7.531 1.500 0.00
COURSE-7 10 0.025 0 5.064 1.500 0.00
COURSE-8 10 0.025 0 2.597 1.500 0.00
COURSE-9 10 0.025 0 2.540 1.500 0.00

STEP 9 Calculate the damage factor for external corrosion, Dextcorf , using Table 5.11 or Table 5.12, as
applicable, based on the number of, and highest effective inspection category from STEP 1, and the Art

Tag Componen Efektivita Art Dextcorf


No. Tanki Number t Type s Inspeksi

COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
1
1
COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
2
COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
3
COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
4 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
5 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
6 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
6

COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
7 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
8 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
9 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-1 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-2 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-3 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-4 1C 0.00 1
10 COURSE-5 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-6 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-7 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-8 1C 0.00 1
COURSE-9 1C 0.00 1
ffectiveness

rd , taken either externally or internally.

be ineffective using Equation (2.26).

rred using Equation (2.30).

Date InstalationDate agecoat (years)


age (years)

2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0
2010 2025 0 0

rature using

on code or using API 579 [10], Appendix A.

4, the trd from STEP 2, Cr from STEP 6, and the tmin from STEP 7.
able 5.12, as
m STEP 1, and the Art
DpffB
None 1
One 50
Greater than one 500

DfbAS
Minor – AS 1 1
Moderate – AS 50 50
Severe – AS 500 500

Shaking less than 2 weeks – AS 1


Shaking between 2 and 13 weeks – 0.2
Shaking between 13 and 52 weeks 0.02

Reciprocating Machinery 50
PRV Chatter 25
Valve with high pressure drop 10
None – 1

Modification based on complete engineering an 0.002


• Modification based on experience – 0.2 CA F 0.2
• No modifications – 2 2

Adjustment for Pipe Complexity, PC F – Established based on the following criteria.


• 0 to 5 total pipe fittings – 0.5 0.5
6 to 10 total pipe fittings – 1 PC F = 1
• Greater than 10 total pipe fittings – 2 2

Adjustment for Condition of Pipe, CP – Established based on the following criteria. F


• Missing or damaged supports, improper supp 2
• Broken gussets, gussets welded directly to th 2
• Good Condition – 1 CP F 1

Adjustment for Joint Type or Branch Design, JB F – Established based on the following criteria.
Threaded, socketweld, saddle on – 2 JB F = 2
• Saddle in fittings – 1 JB F = 1
• Piping tee, Weldolets – 0.2 JB F = 0.2
• Sweepolets – 0.02 0.02

Adjustment for Branch Diameter, BD – Established based on the following criteria. F


• All branches less than or equal to 2 NPS – 1 1
• Any branch greater than 2 NPS – 0.02 0.02
tabel