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ST. JOHN’S S. S.

WAKITAKA
TERM ONE S.4 MID-TERM EXAMINATIONS – 2010
PHYSICS
TIME: 2¼ HOURS

NAME: ................................................................................ STREAM: ..............

SECTION A:
Write the correct answer in the box beside each question.
Where necessary, take g = 10 ms-2.

1. The weight of a body is the


A. acceleration due to gravity C. mass of the body
B. force of gravity on the body D. quantity of matter it contains

2. What is the weight of a body of mass 1600 kg?


A. 1600 N B. 160 N C. 16 N D. 16000 N

3. Adhesion is the force of attraction between


A. molecules of the same substance
B. molecules of different substances
C. molecules that attract each other
D. none of the above

4. Two forces of 7 N and 24 N act on a body at right angles to each other.


Find the resultant force on the body.
A. 25 N B. 17 N C. 31 N D. 168 N

5. Which of the following statements, about the image formed in a plane mirror, is
NOT correct?
A. it is same size as the object B. it is erect
C. it is laterally inverted D. it is real

6. A pin-hole camera is aimed at a tree and the image formed is seen to be blurred.
This is because
A. the tree is not near the camera B. the screen is too near the pin hole
C. the pin hole is too large D. little light is entering the camera

7. A hydraulic press works on the principle of transmission of


A. pressure B. force C. liquids D. fluids

8. A car starts from rest with a uniform acceleration of 3 ms-2 for 6 s. Find the
distance covered in this period.
A. 36 m B. 54 m C. 72 m D. 18 m

9. The figure below shows a uniform metre rule pivoted at its centre.
x

20 N 50 N
What is the distance x ?
A. 30 cm B. 20 cm C. 50 cm D. 70 cm

10. What is the force produced by a pressure of 1000 Nm-2 acting on an area
Of 0.2 m2 ?
A. 2000 N B. 200 N C. 20 N D. 5000 N

11. A pulley system has five pulleys and five strings supporting the bottom block.
If the efficiency is 80%, what is the mechanical advantage?
A. 4 B. 16 C. 0.06 D. 5

12. A pulley system of velocity ratio 6 is used to lift a load of 250 N through a
distance of 3 m. If the effort applied is 50 N, how much energy is wasted?
A. 125 J B. 150 J C. 250 J D. 750 J

13. The figure below shows a wheel and axle system.

y
x If x and y are 5 cm and 62.5 cm
respectively, calculate the efficiency of the
system.
A. 80% B. 10%
C. 125% D. 75%
5N 50 N

14. A body accelerates from rest at 4 ms-2 for 5 s. What is its velocity then?
A. 0.8 ms-1 B. 20 ms-1 C. 1.2 ms-1 D. 10 ms-1

15. A stone of mass 20 g falls through a distance of 10 m. The energy it loses is


A. 2000 J B. 2 J C. 0 J D. 200 J

16. A boy of mass 36 kg climbs up a ladder of 12 m high in 8 s. The power


expended by the boy is
2
36 ×10 ×12 36 ×12 36 ×10 ×12 36 ×10
A. 8
B. 8
C. 8 × 60
D. 8 ×12

17. A ray of light is incident on a plane mirror at an angle of 200. What is the
Angle between the reflected ray and the mirror?
A. 200 B. 400 C. 600 D. 700

18. Which of these velocity-time graphs represents a uniformly accelerated


motion?
v v

A. B.

t t

v v

C. D.

t t

19. A card board of mass 8 g has dimensions of 10 cm × 2cm × 0.1cm . The density
of the card board is
A. 4 gcm-3 B. 2 gcm-3 C. 20 gcm-3 D. 8 gcm-3

20. A boat of weight 650 N in air has an apparent weight of 425 N when in water.
The water upthrust on the boat is
A. 200 N B. 225 N C. 65 N D. 42.5 N

21. A floating body


A. sinks after a short time
B. displaces an amount of fluid in which it floats equal to its weight
C. is made of wood always
D. displaces its own volume

22. Which of the following consists of units of basic physical quantities only?
A. time, mass, length B. gram, hour, second
C. kilogram, metre, second D. kelvin, newton, second

23. In metals heat is transmitted by


A. conduction only B. convection and radiation
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C. convection only D. conduction and radiation

24. The space occupied by a body is its


A. mass B. volume C. weight D. density

25. Which of these instruments is used for measuring density of a liquid?


A. hygrometer B. hydrometer
C. pipette D. density bottle

SECTION B:

Write your answers in the space after each question.

26. a) What is meant by the term uniform acceleration?

b) A ticker timer vibrates with a frequency of 50 Hz. The figure below shows
dots made on a tape pulled by a trolley through the ticker timer.

. . . . . . . .
4 cm 8cm
Calculate the acceleration of the trolley.

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27. a) i) Define a machine.

ii) State two reasons why efficiency of a practical machine is always less
than 100%.

b) By means of a lever, an effort of 50 N moves a load of 200 N through 3 m.


If the effort moves a distance of 16 m, calculate
i) the mechanical advantage

ii) the efficiency of the lever.

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28. a) Define the following in relation to light:
i) a ray

ii) a beam

b) i) With diagrams, name the two types of reflection of light.

ii) State the laws of reflection of light

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29. The figure below shows the velocity-time graph for a lift in a factory.

velocity/ms-1

5 A B

O C
0 2 4 7 time/s

a) Describe the motion represented by

i) OA:

ii) AB:

iii) BC:

b) Calculate:

i) the acceleration of the lift.

ii) the total distance travelled by the lift.

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SECTION C:

Write your answer in the answer sheet provided.

30. a) i) State Newton’s laws of motion.

ii) Define the term momentum.

iii) State the principle of conservation of linear momentum.

b) A car of mass 6000 kg is moving at a velocity of 120 ms-1 when brakes are

applied and comes to a stop after 0.01 s. Calculate

i) the deceleration

ii) the distance moved before coming to a stop

iii) the retarding force.

c) i) Define moment of a force.

ii) State the principle of moments.

iii) Explain the three types of equilibrium.

iv) State the two conditions for a body to be in equilibrium.

END.