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- 1 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Observation Control measures Timescale


Hazards and consequences Immediate and longer term actions
1. Fire Fighting Equipment Shortage Immediate: Provide
It was observed that only four fire sufficient nos of DCP-12 Immediate
extinguisher of DCP-25 Kg were available Kg, DCP-25 Kg, and DCP-
at site which are insufficient to deal with 50 Kg fire extinguishers.
emergencies as there are a lot of flammable Medium: Fire fighting 2 Weeks
substances are present at site. training to be provided to all
Consequence the staff. 3 Month
Storage of fire fighting equipments raises Long Term: monitoring of
the issues of fire spread and damage to inspection of extinguisher
workers as well as property. regularly.
2. Hygienic Hazard Immediate: Purified water Immediate
It was observed that drinking water used at bottles should be provided.
site for drinking purpose was contaminated Medium: A proper water 1 Month
and storage facility was dirty and poorly purification unit to be
maintained. installed for the provision of
Consequence pure water.
Poor quality of drinking water will result in Long Term: Continuous 3Months
occupational diseases. monitoring and inspection
to be carried out to find out
any further short coming.
3. Fire Hazard Immediate: Provide Immediate
It was observed that non-explosion proof Explosion proof motor.
motor was being used for crude oil Medium: Proper SOP for 2 Week
pumping. crude oil pumping/transfer.
Consequence Long Term: provide 2 Months
Non explosion proof motor can result in adequate training to workers
fire or explosion as crude oil is highly who are associated with
flammable liquid. activity.
4. PPEs Non Compliance Immediate: Provide PPEs Immediate
It was observed those workers were to worker.
performing their duties without safety Medium: Educate the 2 weeks
helmet and Coveralls at plant area. worker about importance of
Consequence PPEs. Ongoing/Continu
Non compliance of PPEs will result in Long Term: Continuous ous
human injuries. monitoring of worker while
- 2 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

working at plant site.


- 3 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Observations Control measures Timescale


Hazards and consequences Immediate and longer term actions
5. Fall from Height Immediate: Stop the job Immediate
It was observed that 03 workers were and provide safety belts and
working maintenance job at height harnesses.
approximately 25 feet without any safety Medium: Arrange training 3 Week
harness. which program focusing
Consequence hazard of working at height
Work at height without safety harness can and their precautions.
result in fall from height as well as result in Long Term: Regular 2 Months
injuries. monitoring regarding
compliance and
effectiveness of training.

6. Electric Hazard Immediate: Secure the Immediate


It was observed that loose and open electric loose connection and joints
connections were found near 3 phase properly.
separator. Medium: proper cable 1 month
Consequence trays required to be routed
Loose or open electric connections are not al the cables.
only causing of electrocution hazard but Long Term: prepare SOP 2 months
also source of igniting leading to fire. for safe lying of cable and
their continuous monitoring.

7. Slip/fall Hazard Immediate: proper clean Immediate


It was observed that oil spillage and broken the oily surfaces, barricade
platform were found in plant area. the broken platform area.
Consequence Medium: Arrange repair of 1 Weeks
Oil spillage and broken platform can result broken platform.
in slip and fall injuries, cuts and fractures. Long Term: Arrange
adequate undergrounding of 2 Months
all pips or run all pipes
through channels.
- 4 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Observations Control measures Timescale


Hazards and consequences Immediate and longer term actions
8. Health Hazard Immediate: Provide PPEs Immediate
It was observed that welding job was to all workers.
carried out at workshop whereas workers Medium: Training of 2 weeks.
standing nearby were without safety employees on welding
goggles and safety mask. related jobs.
Consequence Long Term: for safe 1 Month
Welding fumes are very hazardous to welding jobs prepare proper
health resulting in respiratory diseases; also SOP.
welding flame can result in eye arching.
9. Un calibrated LEL detection system Immediate: Calibrate the Immediate
It was observed that fixed LEL detector LEL detectors.
installed at plant area was not calibrated. Medium: prepare sop for 2 Weeks
Its calibration due date was expired but yet calibration of LEL detection
it was not calibrated. system
Consequence Long Term: continuous 1 Month
LEL detectors provide early warning in monitoring to be carried out
case of LEL leakage. As detector is not to find out any further short
calibrated hence it is not reliable. So in comings.
case of LEL leakage it can be disastrous.
10. Chemical Hazard. Immediate: segregate all the Immediate
It was observed that different chemicals chemicals according to their
having different nature like glycol, MEA properties.
and Sun oil were stored at same location Medium: place MSDS on all 1 Week
without partition/segregation. chemicals.
Consequence Long Term: arrange partition
All chemicals have different nature and one between each chemical.
of them can act as ignition source for other 1 month
which might be cause of fire.
11. Welfare Facilities. Immediate: Stop worker Immediate
It was observed that unavailability of from heating their meal on
welfare facilities such as staffs were steam line, provide them oven
heating their meal on steam lines. for heating their meal.
Consequence Medium: arrange a proper 3 Weeks
Heating meals on steam lines might raise kitchen for heating purposes.
the issue of burning. Long Term: continuous 2 Months
monitoring of workers
- 5 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Observations Control measures Timescale


Hazards and consequences Immediate and longer term
actions
12. Confined Space Hazard Immediate: Stop the Immediate
It was observed that sludge cleaning & work and advised worker
removal was carried out by a worker in
to come out proper
crude oil tank without safety harness/lanyard
for escape. Additionally no attendant was harness and lanyard must
present outside the tank. be provided also deputes a
Consequence worker as attendant.
Toxic effect on worker health, no support in Medium: develop entry 2 Weeks
case of any emergency. procedure for confined
space, training the worker
on procedure.
Long Term: continuous 1 Month
monitoring should be
carried out.
13. Biological Hazard Immediate: Remove all Immediate
It was observed that wild grass was found in wild growth.
the plant processing area.
Consequence
Medium: anti snake 2 Weeks
A danger of snake biting in wild growth. venom to be provided,
training to employees
should provide. 2 Months
Long Term: proper SOP
for removal of wild
growth.
14. Tripping Hazard Immediate: Immediate
It was found that a maintenance job just barricade/cordon off the
completed and spools, piping, valves and area.
fitting were scattered near crude oil Medium: remove all scrap
Stabilizer unit. 2 Days
and properly store in scrap
Consequence
yard.
These different types of scraps create
hurdles to operators a chance of injury. Long Term: prepare proper 1 Month
SOP for scrap storage.
15. Entanglement Hazard Immediate: Stop the work Immediate
It was observed that worker was working at and advice worker to use
lathe machine in loose clothing. It can result proper clothing.
in serious body injuries. Medium: arrange a training
Consequence 1 Week
programme covering safe
- 6 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Loose clothes can get trap into machine can system of work and
result in serious injuries. precautions while working at
rotary machines. 2 Months
Long Term: Continuous
monitoring.
16. Manual Handling Immediate: stop manual Immediate
It was observed that worker were unloading handling work.
lube oil drum manually although they were Medium: arrange to lift 3 Days
very heavy. drum through mechanical
Consequence
means.
Manual handling can result in severe to
employees. Long Term: arrange a fork 2 Months
lifter for loading and
unloading drums.
17. Vibration Hazard Immediate: provide Immediate
It was observed that in machine shop a proper PPEs.
worker using grinder. Vibrations were too Medium: Provide anti 1 Week
high and worker was suffering. vibrations grip that should
Consequence
be installed at grinder.
White finger hard arm vibration syndrome.
Long Term: proper SOP 2 Months
for grinding process to be
prepared.
18. Noise hazard Immediate: rotate job of Immediate
It was observed that workers working in worker, provide proper PPEs
maintenance shop facing a high level of which reduce noise effect
noise produced by grinder. such as ear muff and ear
Consequence plug.
Temporary or permanent loss of hearing 2 Weeks
stress.
Medium: reduce noise by
adopting noise controlling
techniques like provision of
sound proof enclosure
silencing etc.
Long Term: Continuous 2 Months
monitoring of noise level
and information and training
to employee.
- 7 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

19. House Keeping Immediate: Remove all Immediate


Poor standard of housekeeping observed as unnecessary waste from
lot of oily cotton rags damage filter, pipes location.
were spreaded. Medium: proper waste bins
Consequence 2 Weeks
must be installed and water
Poor housekeeping poses bad image of
must be disposed off safely.
plant, also it is also source of fire.
Long Term: continuous 3months
monitoring for maintain
good housekeeping in the
area.
20. Collision Hazard Immediate: proper speed Immediate
It was observed that vehicles were moving at limit to be defined and
high speed within plant area and speed limit barricade pedestrian walk
rule was not introduced at site. Secondly ways.
routes are not segregated
Medium: speed limit board 3 Weeks
Consequence
to be installed at site and
Chances of accident are high due to high
speed of vehicle in the plant area. proper designated routes of
vehicle and worker are
required.
Long Term: continuous
monitoring to avoid any 6 Weeks
violation of rules and
regulation.
21. Hazard Area HSE Sign board to be Point out the hazardous Immediate
placed at the plant entrance illustrating places for the erection of
DOs/Don’ts (e.g. speed limit, no signs boards
smoking, no camera, no hot job in 90 Place proper sign boards 2 Weeks
meter radius of cellar). on pointed places
Consequences:
Absence of sign boards may endanger Keep the sign board up 1 Month
visitors or new workers to date and properly
maintain on regular
basis
- 8 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

___________________________________________________________________________

Introduction:
This report follows an inspection of Balkassar Field of Pakistan Oil Fields on January 05, 2014 in
order to meet the requirements of the Nebosh IGC-3 practical application.
The areas concerned with this inspection are the oil and gas production and storage facility. Also
associated workshops were inspected.
The premise was occupied by up to 48 staff members at any one time. Staff work was compromised
of day and night shifts.

Executive Summary:
In General the attitude of the Organization towards health and safety was excellent. Pakistan Oil
Fields Limited has set up proper HSE policy and HSE management system was in place. Proper HSE
orientation system was in place for visitors. Welfare facilities provided for workers were very good
and as per requirement.
However it was found that there were several areas of concern which lead to breaches of the Health
and Safety regulations.
The health and safety of the employees who are using the premises may also be at risk if some of
these concerns are not addressed immediately. Failure to address these issues may lead to attention
and possible enforcement action from statutory bodies.
A detailed survey report is attached. Some points are required to be addressed which need prompt
attention to avoid any accident/mishap.

Main Findings of Inspection:


 Observation # 01 regarding Fire Fighting Equipment shortage
It was observed that only 04 nos. of fire extinguishers DCP-25 Kg were
placed at the site where many combustible materials were scattered and were being
used at the site. This quantity of DCP fire extinguisher is totally in adequate.
Sir, this is against the ILO regulation of fire fighting equipments at work
place. On the other hand it will not save many innocent persons because the
current quantity of fire extinguishers is totally inadequate and is not enough to
cope any emergency. In case of any fatality company will have to face penalties if
legal notices.
- 9 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

 Observation # 02 regarding poor hygienic condition


It was observed that workers were linking contaminated water which was
store in a poorly maintained water cooler. It can cause health problem which will
reduce worker’s effect can also effect overall performance. Furthermore company
has to bear medical compensation cost for the individuals. It is also against ILO
regulation regarding hygiene conditions at work site.

 Observation # 09 regarding calibration of LEL detection system


It was observed that Fixed LEL detector installed at plant was not calibrated.
Calibration due date was December 13, 2013 but yet it was not calibrated. In case
of LEL leakage & Wrong detection by sensors can result in disaster as emergency
siren system is connected with detectors. . Also this is against the ILO-regulations
of LEL handling.

 Observation # 12 regarding Confined Space Entry


It was observed that sludge cleaning was carried out in crude oil tank; one
person was working inside tank without any safety harness/ lanyard for escape.
Secondly no attendant was present outside tank. Worth mentioning is that it was
crude tank and crude contains traces of dissolved H2S. Confined space entry
without safety protection can result in fatal accident. Also this is against the ILO-
regulation of confined space entry procedures.

 Observation # 18 regarding High Noise


It was observed that workers were working at maintenance shop without any
ear protection although area was marked with 110dB as High noise area.
Continuous exposure in high noise can cause serious health problems for workers.
Also it is against the ILO regulation of noise control.
- 10 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Conclusion
Occupational health and safety is a subject which needs to be
managed properly. Failure to this might result in legal notices. This report
summarizes all the issue which need your attention and prompt action for
resolve their issuers to avoid any mishap/accident in future.
Accident cause pain and suffering not only for the victim itself but
also for the friend and family members of the victim. An accident free
environment is highly desire in each and every industry.

Recommendations:
Recommendation Likely Resource Priority Target Date
Implication
Observation # 01: Financial :
It is highly It will only cost Rs/-
recommended to 500,000
place at least 10 nos approximately for
High Immediate
of DCP-25 Kg, 08 fire extinguishers
no’s of 12 Kg & 02
no. of 50 Kg fire
extinguishers
Observation # 02: Financial :
It is recommended to It will only cost Rs/-
provide purified 100,000
water and also install approximately for
cooling/purifying fire extinguishers High 1 Week
dispenser unit. Human Resource:
01 man days of
Skilled labour for
installation
- 11 -APPENDIX 4

GC3 – THE HEALTH AND Candidate’s observation


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION sheet

Sheet number of _____

Student name ______________________________________ Student number __________________

Place inspected _____________________________________ Date of inspection ___ / _____ / _____

Recommendation Likely Resource Priority Target Date


Implication
Observation # 09: Financial :
It is highly It will only cost Rs/-
recommended to 40,000 approximately
calibrate all the for calibration gas.
sensors timely. Human Resource:
Furthermore a 01 man days of High Immediate
procedure to be Skilled labour for
established to check calibration.
all the detectors
periodically for
calibration.
Observation # 12 : Financial :
It is highly It will only cost Rs/-
recommended that the 300,000
worker cleaning the approximately. Immediate for
sludge should be Human Resource: attendant and
provided safety 01 man for lanyard.
harness/ lanyard for supervising the job High
escape. Secondly it is and take prompt 1 Month for
also recommended to action in case of Breathing apparatus
provide breathing emergency. and accessories.
apparatus with an
attendant supervising
the job.
Observation # 18: Financial :
It is highly It will only cost Rs/-
recommended to 25,000
provide ear protection approximately.
High Immediate
like ear muffs and
plugs to all
employees working at
site.