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# Chapter 3

Diode Rectifiers

3.1. Introduction

## 3.2. Single Phase Half wave Rectifiers

3.1
3.3. Performance Parameters

## The efficiency of rectifier :

Pdc

I dc
The rms value of the ac component of output voltage is:

Vac  Vrms
2
 Vdc2
The form factor
Vrms
FF 
Vdc
Subtituting eq 3.4 and 3.6, the ripple factor can be expressed as:
2
V 
RF   rms   1  FF 2  1
 Vdc 
The transformer utilization factor is defined as:
Pdc
TUF 
Vs I s
Where Vs and Is are the rms voltage and current of the transformer
respectively.

3.2
Figure 3.2:Waveform for input voltage and current

3.3
3.4
3.5
For v s  E , the diode D1 conducts,. The angle  when the diode start
conducting can be found from the condition:
Vm sin   E
which gives
E
  sin 1
Vm
3.6
Diode D1 is turn ON when vs  E at     
The charging current iL, which is shown in Figure 3.4b, can be found:
vs  E Vm sin wt  E
i0   for  wt  
R R
Single Phase Full wave Rectifier

## The average output voltage is:

3.7
Figure 3.6: Full wave bridge Rectifier

## Single Phase Full Wave Rectifier with RL Load

3.8
Figure 3.8: Full bridge rectifier with RL Load

3.9
3.10
Case 2: discontinuous load current.
This is shown in Figure 3.8d. The load current flows only during the period
E E
  wt   . Let us define x   Vs , as the load battery (emf)
Vm 2
constant, called the voltage ratio. The diode start to conduct at wt =  given
by:

3.11
Three Phase Bridge Rectifiers

If Vm is the peak value of the phase voltage, then the instantaneous phase
voltages can be described by:

3.12
Figure 3.14: Waveform and conduction times of diodes

3.13
3.14
Three Phase Bridge Rectifier with RL Load

3.15
3.16
3.10. Rectifier Circuit Design

## To design of a rectifiers involves determining the rating of semiconductor

diodes. The rating of diodes are normally specified in term of

 average current,
 rms current,
 peak current,
 and peak inverse voltage.

Filter can be use to smooth the dc output voltage of the rectifier and these
are known as DC filters.

## Output Voltage With LC Filter

3.17
3.18
3.19
Effects of Source and Load Inductance

## Figure 3.27: Three Phase Bridge Rectifier with Source Inductances

3.20
Figure 3.28: Effect of Reverse Recovery Time on Output Voltage.

3.21