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Journal of Advancements in Library Sciences

ISSN: 2349-4352 (Online)

Volume 5, Issue 1

Use of Electronic Resources by Research Scholars of

Science Faculty: A Study of Kurukshetra University,
Naveen Mehla*
Research Scholar, Department of Library and Information Science, Kurukshetra University,
Kurukshetra, Haryana, India

Extensive use of electronic resources (e-resources) has covered varied fields. This increased
interruption with such widened scope certainly can be seen in research studies. Of how much
help, it proved to be for research scholars and its future prospects, especially in science
faculty of Kurukshetra University of Kurukshetra (KUK), formed the basis of this paper. This
study would provide a clear picture of their use and help to form improvised strategies. Study
empirical in nature made use of a number of questionnaires and found out that 70% of male
and 30% of female respondents used these resources followed by the fact that 75% belonged
to age group of 25–30 years. This study also shows that most of respondents use e-resources
daily and role of library in providing training for their use is not satisfactory. There are many
other hurdles such as slow access speed and non-availability of needed e-resources, which
curtail the prospects of possible effective use. This paper aims at providing concrete basis for
better understanding of present situation and thus formation of smart future goals.

Keywords: Kurukshetra University of Kurukshetra (KUK), e-resources, research scholars,

OPAC, science faculty

*Author for correspondence Email: mehla29dec@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION Today e-resources play an important role in

A search for something new has always been research. The features of e-resources attract
an inseparable part of human nature. the researcher for their use. There are many e-
Obviously, new findings are outcome of resources available in the Kurukshetra
systematic and rigorous research studies. University library. This study is throws light
Particularly for a faculty like science which on the awareness and use of e-resources.
inevitably originates from research studies, it
becomes crucial to make use of some REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
innovative techniques to help the students in Mahajan [1] found that the every researcher in
handling their study more efficiently. science stream used internet followed by
social science and humanities. 90% of
In such demanding circumstances, respondents use the internet for academic
considerable use of modern electronic devices purpose. 100% of science researchers find
like android phones, computers, laptops or information from e-journals, which subscribe
other e-devices has proved to be startling not through University library followed by 40% of
only in making the researches concrete but a social science and 5% in humanities. Most of
very safe and systematic handling of data respondents use the electronic resources more
collected. Innumerable aspects can be counted than print resources.
on fingers, how these devices play a decisive
role in supporting the researches and thus Kaur and Verma [2] studied the use of e-
taking them up to all new levels. The resources and found that the use e-resources
seriousness of this issue especially for research are increasing day by day. Most of the
scholars of science forms the very basis of research scholars access the e-resources in our
furthering the studies and presenting a clear department and followed by the library. The
picture of their future goals. study found that the number of print journals

JoALS (2018) 68-72 © STM Journals 2018. All Rights Reserved Page 68
Use of Electronic Resources by Research Scholars of Science Faculty: A Study of KUK Naveen Mehla

decrease during the year 2001-2007. Most of is well known as holy city of Haryana. In that
the respondents were not aware of UGC- place battle of ‘Mahabharata’ took place and
Infonet consortium. The study found that most great message of Bhagwad Gita was also
of the respondents (53.98%) used e-journals delivered.
occasionally and 30.09% respondents used
two or three times in a week. Only 7.08% of Central library of Kurukshetra University
respondents used the e-journals daily. of Kurukshetra
Central library of Kurukshetra started in 17th
Tahir, Mahmood and Farzana [3] found in a July 1967. Total space of library is 106730 sq.
study that 73% were male and 27% female ft. The reading capacity of library is 1270
respondents. The study found that majority of users. The central library is totally air
respondents used internet. The study found conditioned. The latest print collection of
that 59% respondents were using internet for library is 375030 books/bound volumes and
one to two hours per day. Only 39% of theses, 15328 manuscripts and 250 journals.
respondents had received any formal training. There is facility of e-resources like as e-Shodh
The study found that most of respondents Sindu, Scopus, e-Books, Directory of Open
preferred both print and electronic resources. Access Repositories (DOAR), Directory of
The study found that only 6% of respondents open access journals and Digital Library of
fulfilled their information need through India.
electronic information.
The timing of library for circulation 9 am to 5
Bhatia [4] analyzed that the majority of pm accept holiday and reading section-timing
respondents were aware about the e-resources. 9 am to 12 midnight. There is a rich internet
The study found that majority of respondent’s section with 100 computers. Library uses the
use of e-resources up to keep updated on their LibSys 4.0 version software for providing the
subjects of interest followed by career automation service. Using of OPAC for
development. The problem faced in accessing searching of library resources and their
e-resources, majority of respondents lack of IT location or their availability.
skills and followed by limited access to
computers in use of e-resources. The study OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
found that majority of respondents required • To find out the use and awareness of e-
training for learning internet, search engine resources among the science faculty
and accessing of e-resources. research scholars.
• To find out the satisfaction level of e-
Paithankar and Kamble [5] concluded from a resources provided by University library
study that 88% of respondents have • To find out the suitable place for access of
knowledge of computer and internet access. e-resources
Majority of respondents strongly agree that
internet as a powerful information sources. • To find out the impact of e-resources on
Only 4% of respondents agree that they have print resources
any problem in use of e-resources. • To find out the problems we come across
in use of e-resources.
Profile of Kurukshetra University of • To know the purpose of using the e-
Kurukshetra resources
Kurukshetra University of Kurukshetra (KUK)
was established in 1956 by the first president SCOPE OF THE STUDY
of India late Dr. Rajendera Prasad. KUK is The study will be beneficial for the
mother University of Haryana. University Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra and other
campus spread across in 400 acres area. The institution, to know about the use and
first department of University was Sanskrit. awareness of e-resources. Previous study was
Now there are nine faculties and 45 based on research scholars, faculty members
department including the arts, science, law, and UG/PG students but this study focused on
engineering and technology etc. Kurukshetra science research scholars of Kurukshetra

JoALS (2018) 68-72 © STM Journals 2018. All Rights Reserved Page 69
Journal of Advancements in Library Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1
ISSN: 2349-4352 (Online)

University, Kurukshetra. This study will with the help of social networking sites
motivate the other institution for increasing the followed by 21 (26.25%) guidance from
number of e-resources for their science teachers or classmates and 12 (15%) of
research scholars. respondents learn through training provided by
University library.
COLLECTION Table 1: Experience of Using the e-Resources.
The study was empirical in nature as it was Frequency Response Percentage %
concerned with use and awareness of e- Less than 1 year 5 6.25
resources of science research scholars in KUK.
1 to 2 year 15 18.75
Thus, the study required the collection of data
from the science faculty research scholars of 2 to 3 year 10 12.5
KUK. 3 to 4 year 10 12.5
More than 4 year 40 50
Total 100 questionnaires were distributed
among the research scholars and response
obtained of 80(80%) research scholars. In this Table 2: Frequency the Use of e-Resources.
survey questionnaire was open and closed Frequency Response Percentage %
ended. Finally, the analyzed data has been Daily 55 68.75
presented in the form of tables. There are 56
(70%) of respondent male and 24 (30%) 2-3 times in a week 15 18.75
female. In the study 60 (75%) respondents age Weekly 10 12.5
between 25 and 30 years followed by 15
Occasionally 0 0
(18.75%) between 30 and 35 years and only 5
(6.25%) of respondents age between 20 and 25
years. Table 3: Place Where You Use e-Resources.
Statement Response Percentage
DATA ANALYSIS AND Library 10 12.5
This part contains analysis of data collected Department 40 50
during the study. Total 80 respondents
Home 10 12.5
returned the duly filled questionnaires. Their
responses have been presented in tabular form.
Table 4: How Did You Learn to Handle the e-
Table 1 shows that 50% of respondents use the Resources?
e-resources for more than 4 years and followed Statement Response Percentage
by 18.75% for 1-2 years, 12.5% for 2-3 or 3-4 Training from university library 12 15
years and only 6.25% of respondents use the e-
resources less than 1 year. Guidance from teachers and
11 13.75
Table 2 shows that 55 (68.75%) respondents Self-instruction 21 26.25
use e-resources daily and followed by 2-3 External courses 5 6.25
times in a week. Only 10 (12.5%) of
respondents use e-resources weekly and not a With help of social networking
single respondent use e-resources sites like as Youtube and 31 38.75

Table 3 shows that half of respondents use of Table 5: Purpose of Using the e-Resources.
e-resources in the department followed by Statement Response Percentage
20(25%) in hostel. Few respondents, 10 (12.5) Academic 8 10
use e-resources at home and library. General information 12 15
Up to date your subject 18 22.5
Table 4 shows that 31 (38.75%) of
respondents learn to handle the e-resources Research purpose 42 52.5

JoALS (2018) 68-72 © STM Journals 2018. All Rights Reserved Page 70
Use of Electronic Resources by Research Scholars of Science Faculty: A Study of KUK Naveen Mehla

Table 6: Frequency of Problem Faced in the Table 5 shows that 42(52.5%) of respondents
Use of e-Resources. use e-resources for research purpose followed
Statement Response Percentage by 18 (22.5%) of respondents use e-resources
Slow access speed 40 50 for update their subject knowledge and 12
Overload of information on
(15%) respondents use for general
22 27.25 information. Only 8 (10%) respondents use it
for academic purpose.
Habit of using the e-resources 5 6.25
Role of library staff 5 6.25
Table 6 shows that 40 (50%) of respondents
Not to find out the authentic face problems of slow access speed and
15 18.75
followed by 25 (31.25%) non-availability of
Non-availability of needed e- needed e-resources, 2 (27.25%) overload of
25 31.25
resources information on internet, 15 (18.75%) not able
e-resources are too expensive 10 12.5 to find out the authentic sources and e-
resources are too expensive. Only 5 (6.25%) of
Table 7: Browse the e-Resources. respondents faces the problem of habit of
Statement Response Percentage % using the e-resources and role of library staff.
Use of search engine 50 62.5
Table 7 shows that 55 (62.5%) of respondents
Use of web address directly 30 37.5
browse the e-resources through search engines
Use subscribe e-resources 10 12.5
followed by 30 (37.5%) respondents access
Any other 0 0 through directly web address. Only 10
Total 100 (11.11%) access the e-resources through
subscribed e-resources by University library.
Table 8: Satisfaction Level of e-Resources
Facility Provided by University Library. Table 8 shows that 35 (43.75%) of
Statement Response Percentage respondents are not satisfied with the facility
Fully satisfied 11 13.75
of e-resources provided by the University
library followed by 25 (34.25%) partially
Partially satisfied 25 31.25
satisfied and 11 (13.75%) fully satisfied. Only
Least satisfied 9 11.25 10 (12.5%) of respondents are least satisfied
Not satisfied 35 43.75 with the University library facilities of e-
Table 9: Opinion Using of e-Resources as
Compared to Print Resources. Table 9 shows that the 55 (68.75%) of
Statement Response Percentage respondents use e-resources because it is more
Time saving 50 62.5 easy in use as compared to print resources
More informative 25 31.25 followed by time saving, easy to handle, more
More expensive 5 6.25
flexible, more informative. Few respondents, 5
Easy to use 55 68.75
(6.25%) response that e-resources are more
expensive than print resources.
More flexible 40 50
Easy to handle 45 56.25
Table 10 shows that the 30 (33.33%) of
respondents fulfilled their 11-25 percent needs
Table 10: Information Need Fulfilled through followed by 26-50 percent for 20 respondents
e-Resources. and for 15 of them it was 31-75 percent. Only
Percentage of information
Response Percentage (10) 6.25% of respondents fulfilled their needs
Less than 10 5 6.25
less than 10 percent.
11-25 30 37.5
26-50 20 25 E-resources play an important role in any
51-75 15 18.75 research. Today most of the journals are
Above 75 10 12.5 available in electronics form and libraries also

JoALS (2018) 68-72 © STM Journals 2018. All Rights Reserved Page 71
Journal of Advancements in Library Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1
ISSN: 2349-4352 (Online)

subscribe journals in electronics form. There 2. Kaur B, Rama V. Use of Information

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scholars in using e-resources. The study found electronic resources by M.Sc. chemistry
that 43.75% of respondents are not satisfied students at arts science and commerce
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Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Journal of Engineering Research and
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suggest improvement in facilities for more
journal subscriptions in library. University
library should provide the facility of anti- Cite this Article
plagiarism software free for all university Naveen Mehla. Use of Electronic
students. Resources by Research Scholars of Science
Faculty: A Study of Kurukshetra
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