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General Features

 Formally Russian Federation


 Russia is the biggest country in the world with an area of 17’km² (Colombia have
1,14 km²)
 Russia means “Land of Rus” Rus was a Viking rus comes
 From “Rosti” which in Swedish means oars by the boats with oars of the Vikings that
came to this land
 It’s capital is federal city of Moscow
 It is in the ninth country with the highest number of inhabitants with 150 Million
 Their currency is the Russian Ruble
 It occupies all of north in Asia and Forty percent of Eastern Europe
 It has eleven tine zones, Moscow has a difference of eight hours with Colombia
 Russia borders with the pacific ocean and artic ocean
 Occupies the sixth position in the world respect GDP (PIB)
 It has continental climate with temperatures in winter of – 70º Celsius
 About of the religion, Russia constitutionally is secular, but there are four religions
practiced islam, Judaism, buddism and the Russian orthodox church
 The most important celebration in Russia is held on the 12th of june in memory of
declaration of the country as a democratic country, it has been celebrated since
nineteen minety (1980)

History

 Emergence of sarism in the sixteenth century (XVI)


- Prince Ivan IV (The terrible) creates the Russian state and proclaims himself
tzar

 Romanov’s XVII century to XIX (1971) until nineteen seventeen for the first
revolution
- Russia participated in the European coalition against Napoleon 1712 this fact
was reflected in the novel war and peace by leon lolstoi
- The first constitution of Russia is written and the parliament the Duma, is
established as a result of the first revolution in 1905
 Birth of the soviet union 1917 – 1924
- From czarim to Leninism
- The last czar was Nicolas II, he was forced to adbicale, then he was sentenced
to death with his family by bolshevick. They were extrajudicially executed. For a
long time it was belived that are of the daughters of the czar had managed to
escape before the fact even same women claimed that they were Anastasia but
the version was denied after finding her
 Birth Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics
Age of Stalin 1927 – 1953
Stalin comes to power in 1927 until his death in 1953
The USSR is accepted in the international community
Germany attacks Russia in 1941
Russia takes militarily from Vienna and berlin 1945
 The cold war 1949 – 1985
First nuclear bomb test
Launch of the first satellite
 Gorbachov
Accident in Chernobyl
Boris Yeltsin becomes the first democratically elected Russian president
 Age of Yeltsin and the fall of the USSR 1990 – 1998
From USSR to Russian Federation
Russian troops invade Chechnya – in the movie Mandarin tell this fact.
Recommended
 Age Of Putin
That is actually president of Russia
Geography

 Russia is located in Asia, It has 21 republics, 49 provinces, 10 circumscriptions,


6 territories and 2 cities of high federal rank, It borders Norway, Finland,
Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan,
Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea.25
Historical places of Russia

 Kremlin, Moscow -> The 'Russian White House' is located in Moscow Kremlin,
residence of Vladimir Putin and was opened to the public since 1955 and in
1990 became a World Heritage Site by Unesco
 Red place, Moscow -> Its name comes from Krasnaya which means red, but in
Russian it means pretty, inside it is the tomb of Lenin who was a hero for
defending the country
 St. Basil's Cathedral-> located in the Red Square, is an orthodox temple known
for its domes in the shape of a bulb. It was built in 1554 by order of Ivan the
Terrible
 Church of the Savior on the Spilled Blood -> It was built on the site where Tsar
Alexander II of Russia was assassinated. It houses a state museum and its
mosaics form one of the largest monumental collections in Europe.
 peterhof palace -> It is 26 kilometers from St. Petersburg. 20 fountains, 2
waterfalls, about 40 statues and more than 200 bas-reliefs, houses two parks
inside
 Kazan Cathedral-> built to the Virgin of Kazan, very important in the country,
was built between 1801 and 1811. It keeps the image of the Virgin among its
walls, it is a reminder of the military victories of the army in Napoleon's war,
inside Marshal Mikhail Kutúzov is buried, one of the soldiers who fought the
most times in battle
 Lake Baikal-> It has 32000km of surface area and contains 20% of the planet's
fresh water
Art

 Paintings
One of the most prominent Russian painters is the impressionist Kunstain
Alekseyevich Korovin, with works like: In the balcony, Spanish women, leonar
and amparo and The Russian Winter.
 Music
Popular Russian music, like other artistic expressions were influenced by the
broad of the revolution for example the song or the red army. (Katyosha)
another recognized song is the beriozka dance
 Architecture
Russian architecture is predominantly byzantine religious. Saint Basil’s
cathedral
 Literature
Russian literature has writers featured word wide as Fiodor Dostoyzwsky and
Leon Tolstoi
Curiosities