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DESIGN CALCULATION

FOR SOLAR PANEL


Doc No.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PANEL

- PURLIN DESIGN

- BRACING DESIGN

- COLUMN DESIGN

- RAFTER DESIGN

- QUANTITY
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 1

NS FOR
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

1 GENERAL
1) IS Code used for design calculation of wind pressure is IS 1875 PART-3

2) DL of each solar panel of size 1400 mm X 1100 mm is taken as 25KG.

3) The Solar PV module is designed for vertical mount.

4) The solar PV module have been evaluated for a maximum positive or negative design loading of 2400 N/m 2.

5) One long edge of solar PV module, and the centreline of the clamp are taken as 350mm from the end of the

module.

6) For thermal expansion, 5mm clearance between modules are considered.

7) The solar PV module are designed by keeping sufficient distance between PV module and the ground to

avoid the module being exposed to standing water or snow.

8) The clamp position ( C ) is considered from the end of the module to the centerline of the clamp.

9) The clamp position ( C ) is considered symmetrical at each side of PV module.

10) The structure is designed for location :

VILLAGE - KHILAJ , TALUKA - TULJAPUR , DIST - OSMANABAD , MAHARASHTRA


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 2

design loading of 2400 N/m 2.

350mm from the end of the

module and the ground to

line of the clamp.

HARASHTRA
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

2 WIND LOAD CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PV PANEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE


The following parameters are used for wind calculation:

1) Basic wind speed ( VB ) = 44 m/s

2) Probablity factor ( K1 ) by considering life of structure of 25 years = 0.91

3) Terrain, height and structure size factor ( K 2 ) :

A) Class of structure = B

B) Terrain category = 1

Therefore K2 = 1.03

4) Topography factor ( K3 ) = 1

Design wind speed at any height ( VZ ) = VB X K1 X K2 X K3

= 44 X 0.91 X 1.03 X 1

= 41.24 m/s

Design wind pressure ( PZ ) = 0.6 VZ2

= 0.6 X 41.242

= 1020.44 N/m2

As per IS 875 - 1987 ( Part - 3 ) Table 7 :

For Roof Angle = 16o and Solidity Ratio ( ф ) = 0 ,

Overall Coefficient = -1.1

Hence Final Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = P Z X -1.1


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 3

NS FOR

TRUCTURE
= 1020.44 X -1.1

= -1122.484 N/m2

= 1122.484 N/m2 ( ↑ )

= 0.112 T/m2 ( ↑ )
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

ANALYSIS OF WIND LOAD FOR 2.5 X 6 PANELS :

Intensity of wind pressure = 0.112 X 1.1 T/m

= 0.1232 T/m

Assume size of Purlin = 25mm X 80mm X 40mm X 80mm X 25mm X 2mm thk

Area of Purlin = 484 mm2

Self Weight ( S.W.) of Purlin = 484 X 7850 ÷ 10002

= 3.8 KG/m

= 0.0038 T/m
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 4
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PURLIN MEMBER


FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) :

FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF

WIND LOAD (W.L) + DEAD LOAD (D.L) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 5

URLIN MEMBER
( W.L. ) :
Dead LOAD ( D.L. ) of Purlin = ( 0.0125 X 5 ÷ 3.5 ) + ( 0.0038 )

= 0.0217 T/m ( ↓ )

Wind Load ( W.L.) intensity = 0.1232 T/m ( ↑ )

Net Uplift Force = 0.1232 - 0.0217 = 0.102 T/m ( ↑ )


DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Moment ( M ) = W L2 ÷ 10

Moment in X-X Direction ( MXX ) = 0.102 X 3.52 ÷ 10

= 0.125 Tm

Moment in Y-Y Direction ( MYY ) = 0.0217 X sin 160 X 3.52 ÷ 10

= 0.00733 Tm

Section Modulus required in X-X direction ( ZXX ) = MXX ÷ σBC

σBC = 0.66 FY = 0.66 X 240 = 158 Mpa

( ZXX ) req. = 0.125 X 107 ÷ 158

= 7.9114 X 103 mm3

Section Modulus required in Y-Y direction ( ZYY ) = MYY ÷ σBC

( ZYY ) req. = 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 158

= 463.924 mm3
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 6
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

PROPERTIES OF PURLIN MEMBER :

XX from bottom = 38.4 mm

XX from top = 41.6 mm

YX from end = 43 mm

Area ( A ) = 484 mm2

IXX = 418.908 X 103 mm4

( ZXX ) = 10.07 X 103 mm3

IYY = 218.75 X 103 mm4

( ZYY ) = 5.09 X 103 mm3


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 7
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK PURLIN MEMBER FOR COMBINED BENDING STRESSES :

σBC = ( MXX ÷ ZXX ) + ( MYY ÷ ZYY )

σBC = ( 0.125 X 107 ÷ 10.07 X 103 ) + ( 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 5.09 X 103 )

σBC = 124.13 + 14.4

σBC = 138.53 Mpa < 158 Mpa

ii) TO CHECK PURLIN MEMBER FOR DEFLECTION :

Net Uplift Force ( D.L + W.L ) = W = 0.102 T/m

W = 0.102 T/m = 1.02 N/mm

δact. = ( 5 W L4 ) ÷ ( 384 EI )

δact. = [ 5 X 1.02 X (3.5 X 1000 )4 ] ÷ [ 384 X 2 X 105 X 418.908 X 103 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < [ L ÷ 150 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < [ 3500 ÷ 150 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < 23.33 mm


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 8
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

4 STAAD ANALYSIS FILE FOR DESIGN OF

MEMBERS

FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO DEAD LOAD ( D.L. ) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 9

GN OF
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD (W.L)

+ DEAD LOAD (D.L) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 10

IND LOAD (W.L)


DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

5 DESIGN OF BRACING MEMBER

A) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 2.28 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm :

From Steel Table :

Area ( A ) = 295 mm2

rmin = 9.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 4.081 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 9.7 ]

λ = 357.61 < 400


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 11

MBER

2.28 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 295

P = 42.48 X 103 N

P = 4.248 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 12

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

B) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 0.60 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm :

From Steel Table :

Area ( A ) = 264 mm2

rmin = 8.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 3.545 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 8.7 ]

λ = 346.35 < 400


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 13

0.60 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 264

P = 38.02 X 103 N

P = 3.802 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 14

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

C) DESIGN OF TRUSS BRACING ( L - SECTION ) :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm :

Area ( A ) = 196 mm2

rmin = 10.02 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.58 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 10.02 ]

λ = 218.9 < 250


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 15
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 196

P = 28.22 X 103 N

P = 2.822 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 16

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

ii) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm FOR LOAD CASE [ D.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 09

Axial Load = P = 0.17 T ( C )

For Design of Compression Member :

P = σac X Ag

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 218.9 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 23 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 23 X 196

P = 4.51 X 103 N

P = 0.451 T > 0.17 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 17
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

6 DESIGN OF COLUMN MEMBER


PROPERTIES OF COLUMN SECTION :

XX = YX = 30.0 mm

Area ( A ) = 684 mm2

IXX = IYY = 371.412 X 103 mm4

rmin = 23.3 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.30 X 1000 ] ÷ [ 23.3 ]

λ = 98.71 < 180

i) TO CHECK COLUMN SECTION FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 18
For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa


DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 684

P = 98.496 X 103 N

P = 9.849 T > 0.80 T

ii) TO CHECK COLUMN SECTION FOR LOAD CASE [ D.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 09

Axial Load = P = 0.192 T ( C )

For Design of Compression Member :

P = σac X Ag

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 98.71 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 80.16 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 80.16 X 684

P = 54.83 X 103 N

P = 5.483 T > 0.192 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 19
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

7 DESIGN OF RAFTER MEMBER


FORCES ON RAFTER MEMBER OF INTERMEDIATE TRUSS DUE TO

COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) + DEAD LOAD ( D.L.) :

PROPERTIES OF RAFTER SECTION :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 20

TRUSS DUE TO

D ( D.L.) :
XX from TOP = 26.35 mm

XX from BOTTOM = 48.65 mm

Area ( A ) = 432 mm2

IXX = 262.8 X 103 mm4

IYY = 394.82 X 103 mm4

IMIN. = IXX = 262.8 X 103 mm4

( ZXX ) = 5.402 X 103 mm3

( ZYY ) = 11.281 X 103 mm3


DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK RAFTER MEMBER FOR COMBINED ACTION OF AXIAL AND BENDING

STRESSES :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.265 T ( C ) and Moment = M = 0.17 Tm

Leff = 0.85 L = 0.85 X 2.38 = 2.023 m

rmin = 24.66 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.023 X 1000 ] ÷ [ 24.66 ]

λ = 82.02

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 82.02 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 95.98 Mpa

σac cal. = P ÷ A

σac cal. = 0.265 X 104 ÷ 432

σac cal. = 6.13 Mpa

σac cal. ÷ σac = 6.13 ÷ 95.98

= 0.06 < 0.15


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 21

L AND BENDING
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Hence ,

(σac cal. ÷ σac ) + (σbc cal. ÷ σbc ) ≤ 1.0

σbc cal. = MXX ÷ ZXX

σbc cal. = ( 0.17 X 107 ) ÷ ( 5.402 X 103 )

= 314.7 Mpa

To Calculate σbc :

Fcb = K1 { X + k2 Y } X C2 ÷ C1

For Ψ=1 K1 = 1

For ω = 0.5 K2 = 0

C2 ÷ C1 = 1

Y = [ 26.5 X 105 ] ÷ [ Leff ÷ rmin ]2

= 26.5 X 105 ÷ 82.022

= 393.92

χ = Y { [1] + [1 ÷ 20 ] X [ L T ÷ ryD ]2 }(1÷2)

χ = 393.92 { [1] + [1 ÷ 20 ] X [ 82.02 X 2 ÷ 75 ]2 }(1÷2)

= 438.51 Mpa

Hence σbc = 438.51 Mpa

(σac cal. ÷ σac ) + (σbc cal. ÷ σbc ) ≤ 1.0

( 0.06 ) + ( 314.7 ÷ 438.51 ) ≤ 1.0


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 22
0.78 < 1.0
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

8 QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION SECTION SIZE LENGTH WEIGHT
(MM) (M) (KG/M)

PURLIN (HAT SECTION) 25X80X40X80X25 28.18 3.67

RAFTER MEMBER (C SECTION ) 75X70X75 6.84 3.33

BRACING

A) FOR END BRACING (L SECTION) ON 2.28M SIDE 50X50X3 4.1 2.27

B) FOR END BRACING (L SECTION) ON 0.6M SIDE 45X45X3 4.1 2

C) FOR TRUSS BRACING (L SECTION) 50X50X2 2.58 1.51

COLUMN - 1 (TUBE SECTION) 60X60X2 0.615 5.24

COLUMN - 2 (TUBE SECTION) 60X60X2 2.284 5.24

TOTAL WEIGHT (KG)


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 23

NOS. WEIGHT
(N) (KG)

7 723.9442

9 204.9948

4 37.228

4 32.8

18 70.1244

9 29.0034

9 107.71344

1205.8082
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PANEL

- PURLIN DESIGN

- BRACING DESIGN

- COLUMN DESIGN

- RAFTER DESIGN

- QUANTITY
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 1

S FOR
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

1 GENERAL
1) IS Code used for design calculation of wind pressure is IS 1875 PART-3

2) DL of each solar panel kg

3) The Solar PV module is designed for . vertical mounting

4) For thermal expansion, 5mm clearance between modules are considered.

5) The solar PV module are designed by keeping sufficient distance between PV module and the ground to

avoid the module being exposed to standing water or snow.

6) The structure is designed for location :

VILLAGE - KHILAJ , TALUKA - TULJAPUR , DIST - OSMANABAD , MAHARASHTRA


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 2

le and the ground to


DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

2 WIND LOAD CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PV PANEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE


The following parameters are used for wind calculation:

1) Basic wind speed ( VB ) = 44 m/s

2) Probablity factor ( K1 ) by considering life of structure of 25 years = 0.99

3) Terrain, height and structure size factor ( K 2 ) :

A) Class of structure = B

B) Terrain category = 1

Therefore K2 = 1.03

4) Topography factor ( K3 ) = 1

Design wind speed at any height ( VZ ) = VB X K1 X K2 X K3

VZ = 44.87 m/s

Design wind pressure ( PZ ) = 0.6 VZ2

= 0.6
= X 41.24
1207.8178
2
N/m2

As per IS 875 - 1987 ( Part - 3 ) Table 7 :

For Roof Angle = 16 DEG

Solidity Ratio ( ф ) = 0

Overall Negative Pressure Coefficient = -1.1

Overall Negative Pressure Coefficient = 0.8


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 3

S FOR

UCTURE
Hence Final Negative Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = -1328.60 N/m2

Hence Final postive Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = 966.25 N/m2
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

ANALYSIS OF WIND LOAD FOR 2.5 X 6 PANELS :

Intensity of wind pressure = 0.112 X 1.1 T/m

= 0.1232 T/m

Assume size of Purlin = 25mm X 80mm X 40mm X 80mm X 25mm X 2mm thk

Area of Purlin = 484 mm2

Self Weight ( S.W.) of Purlin = 484 X 7850 ÷ 10002

= 3.8 KG/m

= 0.0038 T/m
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 4
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PURLIN MEMBE


FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) :

FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF

WIND LOAD (W.L) + DEAD LOAD (D.L) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 5

URLIN MEMBER
Dead LOAD ( D.L. ) of Purlin = ( 0.0125 X 5 ÷ 3.5 ) + ( 0.0038 )

= 0.0217 T/m ( ↓ )

Wind Load ( W.L.) intensity = 0.1232 T/m ( ↑ )

Net Uplift Force = 0.1232 - 0.0217 = 0.102 T/m ( ↑ )


DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Moment ( M ) = W L2 ÷ 10

Moment in X-X Direction ( MXX ) = 0.102 X 3.52 ÷ 10

= 0.125 Tm

Moment in Y-Y Direction ( MYY ) = 0.0217 X sin 160 X 3.52 ÷ 10

= 0.00733 Tm

Section Modulus required in X-X direction ( ZXX ) = MXX ÷ σBC

σBC = 0.66 FY = 0.66 X 240 = 158 Mpa

( ZXX ) req. = 0.125 X 107 ÷ 158

= 7.9114 X 103 mm3

Section Modulus required in Y-Y direction ( ZYY ) = MYY ÷ σBC

( ZYY ) req. = 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 158

= 463.924 mm3
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 6
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

PROPERTIES OF PURLIN MEMBER :

XX from bottom = 38.4 mm

XX from top = 41.6 mm

YX from end = 43 mm

Area ( A ) = 484 mm2

IXX = 418.908 X 103 mm4

( ZXX ) = 10.07 X 103 mm3

IYY = 218.75 X 103 mm4

( ZYY ) = 5.09 X 103 mm3


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 7
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK PURLIN MEMBER FOR COMBINED BENDING STRESSES :

σBC = ( MXX ÷ ZXX ) + ( MYY ÷ ZYY )

σBC = ( 0.125 X 107 ÷ 10.07 X 103 ) + ( 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 5.09 X 103 )

σBC = 124.13 + 14.4

σBC = 138.53 Mpa < 158 Mpa

ii) TO CHECK PURLIN MEMBER FOR DEFLECTION :

Net Uplift Force ( D.L + W.L ) = W = 0.102 T/m

W = 0.102 T/m = 1.02 N/mm

δact. = ( 5 W L4 ) ÷ ( 384 EI )

δact. = [ 5 X 1.02 X (3.5 X 1000 )4 ] ÷ [ 384 X 2 X 105 X 418.908 X 103 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < [ L ÷ 150 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < [ 3500 ÷ 150 ]

δact. = 23.8 mm < 23.33 mm


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 8
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

4 STAAD ANALYSIS FILE FOR DESIGN OF

MEMBERS

FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO DEAD LOAD ( D.L. ) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 9

N OF
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD (W.L)

+ DEAD LOAD (D.L) :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 10

D LOAD (W.L)
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

5 DESIGN OF BRACING MEMBER

A) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 2.28 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm :

From Steel Table :

Area ( A ) = 295 mm2

rmin = 9.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 4.081 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 9.7 ]

λ = 357.61 < 400


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 11

28 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 295

P = 42.48 X 103 N

P = 4.248 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 12

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

B) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 0.60 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm :

From Steel Table :

Area ( A ) = 264 mm2

rmin = 8.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 3.545 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 8.7 ]

λ = 346.35 < 400


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 13

60 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 264

P = 38.02 X 103 N

P = 3.802 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 14

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

C) DESIGN OF TRUSS BRACING ( L - SECTION ) :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm :

Area ( A ) = 196 mm2

rmin = 10.02 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.58 X 1000 X 0.85 ] ÷ [ 10.02 ]

λ = 218.9 < 250


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 15
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 196

P = 28.22 X 103 N

P = 2.822 T > 0.80 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 16

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

ii) TO CHECK ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm FOR LOAD CASE [ D.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 09

Axial Load = P = 0.17 T ( C )

For Design of Compression Member :

P = σac X Ag

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 218.9 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 23 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 23 X 196

P = 4.51 X 103 N

P = 0.451 T > 0.17 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 17
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

6 DESIGN OF COLUMN MEMBER


PROPERTIES OF COLUMN SECTION :

XX = YX = 30.0 mm

Area ( A ) = 684 mm2

IXX = IYY = 371.412 X 103 mm4

rmin = 23.3 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.30 X 1000 ] ÷ [ 23.3 ]

λ = 98.71 < 180

i) TO CHECK COLUMN SECTION FOR LOAD COMBINATION [ D.L + W.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 18
For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

σat = 0.6 X 240

σat = 144 Mpa


DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 684

P = 98.496 X 103 N

P = 9.849 T > 0.80 T

ii) TO CHECK COLUMN SECTION FOR LOAD CASE [ D.L ] :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 09

Axial Load = P = 0.192 T ( C )

For Design of Compression Member :

P = σac X Ag

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 98.71 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 80.16 Mpa

Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 80.16 X 684

P = 54.83 X 103 N

P = 5.483 T > 0.192 T


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 19
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

7 DESIGN OF RAFTER MEMBER


FORCES ON RAFTER MEMBER OF INTERMEDIATE TRUSS DUE TO

COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) + DEAD LOAD ( D.L.) :

PROPERTIES OF RAFTER SECTION :


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 20

USS DUE TO
XX from TOP = 26.35 mm

XX from BOTTOM = 48.65 mm

Area ( A ) = 432 mm2

IXX = 262.8 X 103 mm4

IYY = 394.82 X 103 mm4

IMIN. = IXX = 262.8 X 103 mm4

( ZXX ) = 5.402 X 103 mm3

( ZYY ) = 11.281 X 103 mm3


DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

i) TO CHECK RAFTER MEMBER FOR COMBINED ACTION OF AXIAL AND BENDING

STRESSES :

From STAAD Analysis file as per page No. 10

Axial Load = P = 0.265 T ( C ) and Moment = M = 0.17 Tm

Leff = 0.85 L = 0.85 X 2.38 = 2.023 m

rmin = 24.66 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = [ 2.023 X 1000 ] ÷ [ 24.66 ]

λ = 82.02

AS PER IS : 800-1984 Table No: 5.1 and Page No: 39

For λ = 82.02 and Fy = 240 Mpa ,

σac = 95.98 Mpa

σac cal. = P ÷ A

σac cal. = 0.265 X 104 ÷ 432

σac cal. = 6.13 Mpa

σac cal. ÷ σac = 6.13 ÷ 95.98

= 0.06 < 0.15


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 21

ND BENDING
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Hence ,

(σac cal. ÷ σac ) + (σbc cal. ÷ σbc ) ≤ 1.0

σbc cal. = MXX ÷ ZXX

σbc cal. = ( 0.17 X 107 ) ÷ ( 5.402 X 103 )

= 314.7 Mpa

To Calculate σbc :

Fcb = K1 { X + k2 Y } X C2 ÷ C1

For Ψ=1 K1 = 1

For ω = 0.5 K2 = 0

C2 ÷ C1 = 1

Y = [ 26.5 X 105 ] ÷ [ Leff ÷ rmin ]2

= 26.5 X 105 ÷ 82.022

= 393.92

χ = Y { [1] + [1 ÷ 20 ] X [ L T ÷ ryD ]2 }(1÷2)

χ = 393.92 { [1] + [1 ÷ 20 ] X [ 82.02 X 2 ÷ 75 ]2 }(1÷2)

= 438.51 Mpa

Hence σbc = 438.51 Mpa

(σac cal. ÷ σac ) + (σbc cal. ÷ σbc ) ≤ 1.0

( 0.06 ) + ( 314.7 ÷ 438.51 ) ≤ 1.0


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 22
0.78 < 1.0
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

8 QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION SECTION SIZE LENGTH WEIGHT
(MM) (M) (KG/M)

PURLIN (HAT SECTION) 25X80X40X80X25 28.18 3.67

RAFTER MEMBER (C SECTION ) 75X70X75 6.84 3.33

BRACING

A) FOR END BRACING (L SECTION) ON 2.28M SIDE 50X50X3 4.1 2.27

B) FOR END BRACING (L SECTION) ON 0.6M SIDE 45X45X3 4.1 2

C) FOR TRUSS BRACING (L SECTION) 50X50X2 2.58 1.51

COLUMN - 1 (TUBE SECTION) 60X60X2 0.615 5.24

COLUMN - 2 (TUBE SECTION) 60X60X2 2.284 5.24

TOTAL WEIGHT (KG)


Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 23

NOS. WEIGHT
(N) (KG)

7 723.9442

9 204.9948

4 37.228

4 32.8

18 70.1244

9 29.0034

9 107.71344

1205.8082