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# DESIGN CALCULATION

Doc No.

## DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PANEL

- PURLIN DESIGN

- BRACING DESIGN

- COLUMN DESIGN

- RAFTER DESIGN

- QUANTITY
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 1

NS FOR
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

1 GENERAL
1) IS Code used for design calculation of wind pressure is IS 1875 PART-3

## 3) The Solar PV module is designed for vertical mount.

4) The solar PV module have been evaluated for a maximum positive or negative design loading of 2400 N/m 2.

5) One long edge of solar PV module, and the centreline of the clamp are taken as 350mm from the end of the

module.

## 6) For thermal expansion, 5mm clearance between modules are considered.

7) The solar PV module are designed by keeping sufficient distance between PV module and the ground to

## avoid the module being exposed to standing water or snow.

8) The clamp position ( C ) is considered from the end of the module to the centerline of the clamp.

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 2

## line of the clamp.

HARASHTRA
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## SOLAR PV PANEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE

The following parameters are used for wind calculation:

## 3) Terrain, height and structure size factor ( K 2 ) :

A) Class of structure = B

B) Terrain category = 1

Therefore K2 = 1.03

4) Topography factor ( K3 ) = 1

## Design wind speed at any height ( VZ ) = VB X K1 X K2 X K3

= 44 X 0.91 X 1.03 X 1

= 41.24 m/s

= 0.6 X 41.242

= 1020.44 N/m2

## Hence Final Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = P Z X -1.1

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 3

NS FOR

TRUCTURE
= 1020.44 X -1.1

= -1122.484 N/m2

= 1122.484 N/m2 ( ↑ )

= 0.112 T/m2 ( ↑ )
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## Intensity of wind pressure = 0.112 X 1.1 T/m

= 0.1232 T/m

Assume size of Purlin = 25mm X 80mm X 40mm X 80mm X 25mm X 2mm thk

## Self Weight ( S.W.) of Purlin = 484 X 7850 ÷ 10002

= 3.8 KG/m

= 0.0038 T/m
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 4
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PURLIN MEMBER

FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) :

## FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 5

URLIN MEMBER
( W.L. ) :
Dead LOAD ( D.L. ) of Purlin = ( 0.0125 X 5 ÷ 3.5 ) + ( 0.0038 )

= 0.0217 T/m ( ↓ )

## Net Uplift Force = 0.1232 - 0.0217 = 0.102 T/m ( ↑ )

DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Moment ( M ) = W L2 ÷ 10

= 0.125 Tm

= 0.00733 Tm

## ( ZYY ) req. = 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 158

= 463.924 mm3
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 6
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## XX from top = 41.6 mm

YX from end = 43 mm

## ( ZYY ) = 5.09 X 103 mm3

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 7
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## W = 0.102 T/m = 1.02 N/mm

δact. = ( 5 W L4 ) ÷ ( 384 EI )

## δact. = 23.8 mm < 23.33 mm

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 8
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

MEMBERS

## FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO DEAD LOAD ( D.L. ) :

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 9

GN OF
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD (W.L)

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 10

DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## A) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 2.28 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm :

rmin = 9.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 357.61 < 400

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 11

MBER

2.28 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 295

P = 42.48 X 103 N

## P = 4.248 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 12

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## B) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 0.60 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm :

rmin = 8.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 346.35 < 400

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 13

0.60 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 264

P = 38.02 X 103 N

## P = 3.802 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 14

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## C) DESIGN OF TRUSS BRACING ( L - SECTION ) :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm :

rmin = 10.02 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 218.9 < 250

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 15
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 196

P = 28.22 X 103 N

## P = 2.822 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 16

ON [ D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σac X Ag

σac = 23 Mpa

P = σac X Ag

P = 23 X 196

P = 4.51 X 103 N

## P = 0.451 T > 0.17 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 17
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 6 DESIGN OF COLUMN MEMBER

PROPERTIES OF COLUMN SECTION :

XX = YX = 30.0 mm

rmin = 23.3 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 18
For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## σat = 144 Mpa

DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 684

P = 98.496 X 103 N

P = σac X Ag

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 80.16 X 684

P = 54.83 X 103 N

## P = 5.483 T > 0.192 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 19
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 7 DESIGN OF RAFTER MEMBER

FORCES ON RAFTER MEMBER OF INTERMEDIATE TRUSS DUE TO

## PROPERTIES OF RAFTER SECTION :

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 20

TRUSS DUE TO

D ( D.L.) :
XX from TOP = 26.35 mm

## ( ZYY ) = 11.281 X 103 mm3

DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

STRESSES :

rmin = 24.66 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = 82.02

σac cal. = P ÷ A

## = 0.06 < 0.15

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 21

L AND BENDING
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Hence ,

## σbc cal. = ( 0.17 X 107 ) ÷ ( 5.402 X 103 )

= 314.7 Mpa

To Calculate σbc :

Fcb = K1 { X + k2 Y } X C2 ÷ C1

For Ψ=1 K1 = 1

For ω = 0.5 K2 = 0

C2 ÷ C1 = 1

= 393.92

= 438.51 Mpa

## ( 0.06 ) + ( 314.7 ÷ 438.51 ) ≤ 1.0

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 22
0.78 < 1.0
DESIGN CALCULATION
FOR SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

8 QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION SECTION SIZE LENGTH WEIGHT
(MM) (M) (KG/M)

BRACING

## TOTAL WEIGHT (KG)

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 23

NOS. WEIGHT
(N) (KG)

7 723.9442

9 204.9948

4 37.228

4 32.8

18 70.1244

9 29.0034

9 107.71344

1205.8082
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR

SOLAR PANEL

- PURLIN DESIGN

- BRACING DESIGN

- COLUMN DESIGN

- RAFTER DESIGN

- QUANTITY
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 1

S FOR
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

1 GENERAL
1) IS Code used for design calculation of wind pressure is IS 1875 PART-3

## 4) For thermal expansion, 5mm clearance between modules are considered.

5) The solar PV module are designed by keeping sufficient distance between PV module and the ground to

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 2

## le and the ground to

DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## SOLAR PV PANEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE

The following parameters are used for wind calculation:

## 3) Terrain, height and structure size factor ( K 2 ) :

A) Class of structure = B

B) Terrain category = 1

Therefore K2 = 1.03

4) Topography factor ( K3 ) = 1

VZ = 44.87 m/s

= 0.6
= X 41.24
1207.8178
2
N/m2

## For Roof Angle = 16 DEG

Solidity Ratio ( ф ) = 0

## Overall Negative Pressure Coefficient = 0.8

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 3

S FOR

UCTURE
Hence Final Negative Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = -1328.60 N/m2

Hence Final postive Design Wind Pressure with Coefficient = 966.25 N/m2
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## Intensity of wind pressure = 0.112 X 1.1 T/m

= 0.1232 T/m

Assume size of Purlin = 25mm X 80mm X 40mm X 80mm X 25mm X 2mm thk

## Self Weight ( S.W.) of Purlin = 484 X 7850 ÷ 10002

= 3.8 KG/m

= 0.0038 T/m
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 4
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 3 ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF PURLIN MEMBE

FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO WIND LOAD ( W.L. ) :

## FORCES ON PURLIN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 5

URLIN MEMBER
Dead LOAD ( D.L. ) of Purlin = ( 0.0125 X 5 ÷ 3.5 ) + ( 0.0038 )

= 0.0217 T/m ( ↓ )

## Net Uplift Force = 0.1232 - 0.0217 = 0.102 T/m ( ↑ )

DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Moment ( M ) = W L2 ÷ 10

= 0.125 Tm

= 0.00733 Tm

## ( ZYY ) req. = 0.00733 X 107 ÷ 158

= 463.924 mm3
Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 6
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## XX from top = 41.6 mm

YX from end = 43 mm

## ( ZYY ) = 5.09 X 103 mm3

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 7
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## W = 0.102 T/m = 1.02 N/mm

δact. = ( 5 W L4 ) ÷ ( 384 EI )

## δact. = 23.8 mm < 23.33 mm

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 8
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

MEMBERS

## FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO DEAD LOAD ( D.L. ) :

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 9

N OF
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## FORCES IN MEMBER DUE TO COMBINATION OF WIND LOAD (W.L)

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 10

DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## A) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 2.28 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 3 mm :

rmin = 9.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 357.61 < 400

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 11

28 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 295

P = 42.48 X 103 N

## P = 4.248 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 12

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## B) DESIGN OF END BRACING ( L - SECTION ) ON 0.60 M SIDE :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 45 X 45 X 3 mm :

rmin = 8.7 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 346.35 < 400

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 13

60 M SIDE :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 264

P = 38.02 X 103 N

## P = 3.802 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 14

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## C) DESIGN OF TRUSS BRACING ( L - SECTION ) :

PROPERTIES OF ( L - SECTION ) 50 X 50 X 2 mm :

rmin = 10.02 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## λ = 218.9 < 250

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 15
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 196

P = 28.22 X 103 N

## P = 2.822 T > 0.80 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 16

D.L + W.L ] :
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

P = σac X Ag

σac = 23 Mpa

P = σac X Ag

P = 23 X 196

P = 4.51 X 103 N

## P = 0.451 T > 0.17 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 17
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 6 DESIGN OF COLUMN MEMBER

PROPERTIES OF COLUMN SECTION :

XX = YX = 30.0 mm

rmin = 23.3 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

## Axial Load = P = 0.80 T ( T )

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 18
For Design of Tension Member :

P = σat X Anet

σat = 0.6 X FY

## σat = 144 Mpa

DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σat X Anet

P = 144 X 684

P = 98.496 X 103 N

P = σac X Ag

## Load carrying capacity of section :

P = σac X Ag

P = 80.16 X 684

P = 54.83 X 103 N

## P = 5.483 T > 0.192 T

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 19
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

## 7 DESIGN OF RAFTER MEMBER

FORCES ON RAFTER MEMBER OF INTERMEDIATE TRUSS DUE TO

## PROPERTIES OF RAFTER SECTION :

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 20

USS DUE TO
XX from TOP = 26.35 mm

## ( ZYY ) = 11.281 X 103 mm3

DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

STRESSES :

rmin = 24.66 mm

λ = Leff ÷ rmin

λ = 82.02

σac cal. = P ÷ A

## = 0.06 < 0.15

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 21

ND BENDING
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

Hence ,

## σbc cal. = ( 0.17 X 107 ) ÷ ( 5.402 X 103 )

= 314.7 Mpa

To Calculate σbc :

Fcb = K1 { X + k2 Y } X C2 ÷ C1

For Ψ=1 K1 = 1

For ω = 0.5 K2 = 0

C2 ÷ C1 = 1

= 393.92

= 438.51 Mpa

## ( 0.06 ) + ( 314.7 ÷ 438.51 ) ≤ 1.0

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 22
0.78 < 1.0
DESIGN CALCULATION FOR
SOLAR PANEL
Doc No.

8 QUANTITY
DESCRIPTION SECTION SIZE LENGTH WEIGHT
(MM) (M) (KG/M)

BRACING

Design : ABD
Date : 14/8/12
Page No. 23

NOS. WEIGHT
(N) (KG)

7 723.9442

9 204.9948

4 37.228

4 32.8

18 70.1244

9 29.0034

9 107.71344

1205.8082