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MIXED MODE FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF AN


ALUMINUM ALLOY A6061 INVESTIGATED BY
USING COMPACT TENSION SHEAR SPECIMENS

Article in International Journal of Technology · April 2016

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Retrieved on: 03 November 2016
International Journal of Technology (2016) 3: 456-462
ISSN 2086-9614
© IJTech 2016

MIXED MODE FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF AN ALUMINUM ALLOY A6061


INVESTIGATED BY USING COMPACT TENSION SHEAR SPECIMENS

Husaini1*, Zuhaimi2
1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Syiah Kuala University,Darussalam,
Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lhokseumawe State Polytechnics, Lhokseumawe, Indonesia

(Received: September 2015 / Revised: September 2015 / Accepted: January 2016)

ABSTRACT
Aluminum alloys, such as A6061-T6, are widely used in engineering components. However, detailed
knowledge is needed to understand the way they respond to a fracture due to mechanical loading.
Fractures occur in the structural component from crack propagation, and it is important to understand
the mixed mode fracture behavior of crack growth. In this research, mixed mode fracture testing was
conducted on the aluminum alloy A6061-T6 by employing a compact tension shear specimen. Crack
growth behavior was investigated by applying a quasi-static loading at a constant cross-head speed
using a Servopulser universal testing machine. The crack growths were observed by a Keyence digital
microscope, and the critical stress intensity factors of the material were examined. Results showed
that the shear type of crack initiation preceded the opening-type fracture. The dimple-type fracture on
the fracture surface occurred under mode I and mixed mode with a loading angle of about 60 o and
75o, respectively. The transition of crack initiation behavior from the opening-type fracture to the
shear-type fracture occurred at a loading angle from 15o to 30o. The experimental data followed the
maximum hoop stress criterion under mode I and mixed mode at a loading angle 60o and 75o,
respectively, for the compact tension shear specimen. Crack propagation behavior with three small
holes occurring in a zigzag pattern ahead of the crack tip showed that crack initiation and propagation
occurred only in the opening-type fracture. The experimental data followed the maximum hoop stress
criterion under mode I and mixed mode with a lower mode II component at a loading angle of 75 o.
When the small holes occured inline, there were two types of fractures occurring: an opening fracture
at crack initiation and then crack propagation caused by shear fracture.

Keywords: Aluminum alloy; Crack growth behavior; Critical stress intensity factor; Compact tension
shear specimen

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*Corresponding author’s email: husainiftm@unsyiah.ac.id, Tel. +62-651-7552222, Fax. +62-651-7552222


Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i3.1924