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Matthew Zavolta

Miss Skirtich
18 April 2018
English 10: World Literature
Odyssey’s Greek Values on Display

Odysseus shows many Greek values throughout the book Odyssey. His goal is to try to

get back to his homeland after the war at Troy but there are many things that are stopping him.

As one of the greatest story tellers of all time, Homer showcases a man who is trying to get back

to Penelope while he suffers many hardships while he is trying to get home. Odysseus displays

the Greek values of bravery, intelligence, and loyalty in The Odyssey.

Odysseus displays the Greek value of bravery in The Odyssey. One instance in which

insanity comes into play occurs when Odysseus goes to the underworld, which he is told by

Circe to go there, "Son of Laertes in the line of Zeus, my wily Odysseus- you need not stay here

in my house any longer than you wish but there is another journey you must make first" (Homer

92). In this quote, Odysseus is forced to go to the underworld before returning home. He is going

to be tested and his bravery will come into play. Another example of bravery crops up when

Odysseus helps the Greeks win the Trojan war and he gets special treatment," But when

Alkinoos of the hallowed strength had heard this, he took by the hand the wise and much-

devising Odysseus, and raised him up from the fireside, and set him in a shining chair" (Homer

54). In this instance from the text, Odysseus says that he as the hero of the war and he led the

Greeks to victory. He was brave during the fight because he was a hero to the Greeks. During

battles people must be brave, or people will be killed. Odysseus displays the Greek value of

bravery throughout The Odyssey.


Odysseus displays the Greek value of intelligence in The Odyssey. One instance in which

intelligence comes into play occurs when Odysseus finds his ship in the land of the Lotus-Eaters,

" Before anyone else tasted the lotus they were aboard in no time and at their benches, churning

the sea white with their oars"(Homer 64). In this quote, Odysseus saves his men with his

intelligence. He ties his men to a pole and they set sail away from the land. Another example of

intelligence crops up when Odysseus beats the Cyclops with a plan, " Then he broke off an even

larger chunk of rock, pivoted, and threw it with an incredible force (Homer 77). In this instance,

Odysseus knows he cannot beat the Cyclops instead he out thinks it to eventually get the Cyclops

to move the bolder. Odysseus displays the Greek value of intelligence throughout the book.

Odysseus displays the Greek value of loyalty in The Odyssey. One instance in which

loyalty comes into play is when Odysseus shows sorrow for his crew that had been killed,"

Alcinous alone understood what he did and noticed, since he was sitting next to him and heard

him groaning heavily"(Homer 93). In this quote, Odysseus shows how much he cares for his

crew and throughout the book he cares for them. They get Odysseus in most of the trouble and

he gets most of them out of it. Another example of loyalty crops up when Odysseus is loyal to

his wife even though he made her wait and was forced to sleep with a woman, "Now from his

breast into his eyes the ache of longing, and he wept, his dear wife, clear and faithful in his

arms"(Homer 223). In this instance from the text, Odysseus shows how much he wants to be

back with Penelope and after all those years Odysseus is loyal to his wife. Odysseus displays the

Greek value of intelligence throughout the book.

In conclusion, Odysseus displays the Greek values of bravery, intelligence, and loyalty.

Throughout the book of Odyssey there are many life lessons to be learned. Homer shows

bravery, loyalty, and intelligence throughout book. People can use that in life, which can lead to
success. If people are intelligent they will make good decisions. Also, if you take risks and are

brave that could lead to something very good or bad. You should take chances in life and if you

fail, get back up and go down a different path.