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Proc 1

1.How many natural numbers between 1 and 500 are not divisible by 7 and leave a

remainder of 4 when divided by 4?

(a)125 (b)107 (c)106 (d)124

1.b. All the numbers which leave a remainder of 3 when divided by 4 will be of the form

4n+3, when n is whole number. For n=0, 1, 2, 3…… 124. We have 1< 4n + 3< 500

Therefore, the number of values of n is given range =124 = 0 +1 = 125. Now observe that,

4n +3 is divisible by 7 if and n = 7k + 1, where k is a whole number. For k= 0, 1, 2, 3……17.

We have 1 < 4(7k + 1) +3 < 500 Therefore, the number of values of k in the given range =

17 =0 +1 = 18 Hence, the required number of elements =125 -18 = 107.

(a) 72 (b) 46 (c) 24 (d) 36

5.c. 36036=36x001=22x32x7x11x13

Number of odd factors of 36036=Number of factors of

(32x7x11x13)=(2+1)x(1+1)x(1+1)x(1+1)=24.

24. A real number ‘N’ decreased by times itself following which is subtracted to obtain

N1’ where ‘a’ is natural number greater than 1. Same operations when performed on N1

result in N2 and so on.

If Nn = 0, then find N.

Nn =

If N1 = 0, N =

If N2 = 0, then N1 = N= =

N=

25. If a b and c are non-zero real numbers such that which of the

following is necessarily true?

(a) a + b + c = 0 (b) + bc + ca

(c) a = b = c = 1 (d) Either (a) or (b)

25. d

We know that

- 3 abc = (a + b + c)( – ab – bc – ca)

(a + b + c)( – ab – bc – ca) = 0

(a + b + c) = 0 or ( – ab – bc – ca) = 0.

26. N is a three-digit natural number divisible by 11 such that the sum of its unit and

hundreds digits is greater than its tens digit. What is the number of possible values of N?

(a) 76 (b) 36 (c) 45 (d) 44

a+c–b>0

a + c – b =0 or a multiple of 11

Combining these two we get.

a + c – b =11 (a + c < 18)

a + c =11 +b

For b = 0, a + c = 11 a, ccan be (2, 9), (3, 8), (4, 7), (5, 6), (6, 5), (7, 4), (8, 3) or (9, 2)

8 solutions

For b = 1, the number of solutions = 7

For b = 2, the number of solutions = 6

For b = 3, the number of solutions = 5

For b = 4, the number of solutions = 4

For b = 5, the number of solutions = 2

For b = 7, the number of solutions = 1

which of the following cannot be the value of

1. d LCM ( )= =

Since all the ten number are less than 6 and their HCF is a multiple of 5, the only possible

HCF is 5.

B= d =f =f h =j =5

∴ LCM (a, c , e, g, i) =6

This implies that the values of a, c, e, g and I should be among 1, 2 and 3 such that at least

one of them .

is equal to 2 and at least one of them is equal to 2 and at least one of them is equal to 3.

2.b N=997 x 1015 + 996 x 1012 + 997 x 109 + 996 x 105 + 997 x 103 + 996 x 100

997 will leave a remainder of 3)

3. If k is a natural number such that 1 < k < 78, for how many values of k is the tens digit of

31k equal to 6?

The third term onwards, all the terms would be multiples of 100 hence would not contribute

to the tens digit of the number.

∴Tens digit if 31k = Tens digit of ( kC0++ kC1x30)= Tens digit of (1+30k) = units digit of 3k=6

Hence, the number of possible values of k is 8.

(a) 4206 (b) 4199 (c) 4277 (d) 4212

4.a P=(6!+7!+8!+9!+10!)

=6!x(1+7+56+504+5040)

=720 x120 x8 x 701

=120 x 8 x 4206

Hence, 4206 is a factor of P. None of the other options can be a factor of P as all of them

are multiples of 13.

(a) 13 (b) 14 (c) 15 (d )12

16.a In order to count the number of zeroes at the end of 57!, we need to find the highest

power of 5 in 57!.

Where ⌈x⌉ denotes the greatest interger less than or equal to x.

Proc 2

1.Let P = {n!+1, n!+2, …, n!+n} such that ‘n’ is a natural number greater than 42. At the

most, how many elements in set P can be prime numbers.

(a)0 (b)1 (c)2 (d)More than 2

If a =1. Then n! + 1 is divisible by 1, but n! + 1 can be a prime number.

Hence, there can be at the most 1 prime number in set P.

6. b N =3a3 and N < 200, therefore, possible values of N are 3, 24, 81 and 192.

Also, N = 6b2 =

7. Three natural numbers a, b and c are such that a2 + b2 = c2, If a = 20, how many ordered

pairs are possible ?

2 3

7.d c2-b2=202

Therefore, both have to be even factors of 400, as c and b are natural numbers.

400 can be written as 2 x 200, 4 x 100, 8 x 50, 10 x 40, 20 x 20.

11. When a3+ b3+ c3+ d3 + e3 is divided by 7, the remainder is ‘r’. If a, b, c are positive

integers and none of them is divisible by 7, what is the sum of all the possible values of ‘r’?

10

11.d Any positive integer x, which is not divisible by 7, can be respresented as 7n k, where

k= 1,2,3,4,5, or 6.

= =7n1+k3

Rem* +

Rem* +

Rem* +

Rem* +

Rem* +

Rem* +

12. If all the four-digit numbers that can be formed using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8

without repetition are arranged in ascending order, what will be the rank of the number

5283?

None of these

12.a The total number of four-digit number formed using the given digits which are less

than 5000 = 4 x 7 x 6 x 5 = 840 Similarly, the number of four-digit numbers between 5000

and 5200 = 6 x 5 = 30;

and the number of four-digit numbers between 5200 and 5280 = 5 x 5 = 25.

13.If [X] represents the greatest integer less than or equal to ‘x’ and * + * +,how many

non negative integer values of ‘x’are possible?

x x

(∴ x * + * +)

16.Bells B1 and B2 ring 8 times and 48 times in a minute respectively. If they start ringing

simultaneously, after how much time (in seconds) will B2 ring exactly 10 times more than B1

?

(a)8 (b) 10 (c)15 (d) 20

Hence, to ring 10 times more, it will take

(a) 71 (b) 72 (c) 66 (d) 67

Taking log on both sides,

Log =150 log 3 =71.565

Hence, the number of digits is 71 + 1 = 72.

S1={1, 2, 6, 10, 15, …… 15 terms}

S2={1, 5, 14, 30, 55, ….. 10 terms}

The number of common elements between S1 and S2 is

(a) 3 (b) 2 (c) 4 (d) 5

24.a The terms of sequence S1 represent the sum of first ‘n’ natural numbers.Therefore, the

15th term of S1 will be

The terms of sequence S2 represent the sum of the squares of first ‘n’ natural numbers.

Therefore, the 10th terms of S2 will be w compared to 120.

It gives us a hint that the common terms are much before the 10th termd of S2. Now we can

count the common terms manually.

The three common terms are 1, 55 and 91.

Proc 4

2b. We know that when (P-1)! Is divided by ‘P’ where ‘p’ is a prime

number, we get (p-1) as the remainder.

Thus, 46!=47k+46.

Or 46 x 45!=47k+46

sides, we get.

46 x r=46

→r=1

Le ‘xyz’ ‘yxz’ yzx’ ‘zyx’ e u ee um e u that (yxz-yzx) is

one – fifth of (xyz-yxz w e um e p e v ue ‘xyz’

(a) 64 (b) 56 (c)72 (d) 32

A ‘xyz’ yxz’, ‘yzx’ and ‘zyx’ are distinct, x, y and z have to be distinct natural

numbers less than 10. According to the question:

(100y+10x+z)-(100y+10z+x)

= x y z y x z

⇒9x-9z= x y

⇒2y=x+z

Hence, both x and z are either odd or even.

Case I: When x and z are odd, xyz can be formed in sP2=20 ways, [∴This amounts to

nothing more than finding the number of ways in which an ordered pair can be formed

from 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9]

Case II: When x and z are even, xyz can be formed in 4P2=12 ways. [∴This amounts to

nothing more than finding the number of ways in which an ordered pair can be formed

from 2, 4, 6 and 8]

Hence, the number of possible values of ‘xyz’ =20+12=32.

11.From the set of first 10 natural numbers. A picks some numbers and calculates their

product to be ‘T’ The product of the remaining numbers in the equal to ‘S’ if ‘T’ is

completely divisible by ‘S’ the minimum value of (T/S) is

11. From the set of first 10 natural numbers. A picks some numbers and calculates their

product to be ‘T’. the product of the remaining numbers in the set is equal to ‘s’. If

‘T’ is completely divisible by ‘S’, the minimum value of (T/S) is

(a) 7 (b)14 (c)21 (d)16 = 8 c9 c

11.a Since (T/S) needs to be minimized, we will try to minimize to value of T and

maximize the value of S. But T is completely divisible by S which means 7 has to

be a part of T.(∴7 is a prime number and doesn’t have any multiple less than 10

other than itself.)

Product of all the numbers other than 7=1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6 x 8 x 9 x 10 = 720 x 720

Or, 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 x 6=8 x 9 x 10

S0,we have T = 7 x720and S 720

Hence, minimum value of (T/S) = 7

12.There exist three positive integes P, Q and R such that P is not grater than Q, Q is

not greater than R and the sum of P, Q and R is not more than 10. How many distinct

sets of the values of P, Q and R are possible?

(a)120 (b)43 (c)11 (d)31

P < Q < R and P+Q+R< 10

Case I: If P=1:

Case II: If P = 2:

=3+1=9.

13. One of two natural numbers A and B, one of two natural numbers C and D and one

of two natural numbers E and F are multiplied together. The sum of all such possible

products is equal to 105. How many distinct values are possible for A?

13.a Possible products are ACE, ADE, ADF, BCF, BDE and BDR.

Their Sum=A(CE+CF+DE+DF)+B(CE+CF+DE+DF)=(A+B)(C+D)(E+F)=105=3 X 5 X 7.

If (A+B) =6, A can take the values 1, 2, 3,4, 5 and 6. Hence, A can take the values 1, 2,

3, 4. 5 and 6.

23. In a certain colony, the number of people who drink only tea, only coffee, both tea

and coffee and neither tea nor coffee are x, 2x, respectively. The number of

people who drink tea can be

23.c Since the number of people is always an integer, we can deduce that ‘x’ and ‘3x’

have to be factors of 111. Therefore, the possible values of ‘x’ are 1 and 37.

So, the number of people who drink tea is equal to x+ which can be 112 (if x=1) or

40 (if x =37).

25.If a, b, and d are four odd positive integer in non- decreasing order, such that

(ab+cd)-(a+b+c+d)=6, how many values are possible for c?

25. (ab+cd)-(a+b+c+d)=6

⇒b(a-1)+d(d-1)-a-c=6

⇒b(a-1)+d(c-1)-a+1-c+1=8

Since a, b. c and d are odd positive integers in non-decreasing order, we can conclude

that (a-1), (b-1), (c-1) and (d-1) are non-negative even integers.

If (a-1)=0, (c-1)(d-1)=8

It can be easily observed that no other case is possible, Hence, there is only one

possible value for c.

Proc 5

1.If one of the digits of Z, a two-digit number, is added to these square of the other digit, Z is

obtained. How many values of Z are possible?

(a)1 (b)2 (c)3 (d)More than 3

Case 1: 10a+b – a2=b⇒ a-or 10. This is not possible as ‘a’ can be neither ‘o’ nor a two-digit

number.

Case 2: 10a+b=a+b2⇒b2-b=9a

Or b(b-1)=9a.The only possible set of values which satisfies this question is b=0, a=8.

So the only possible number is 89.

zero integers, then the sum of an the possible values of (a+b+c+d+e+f) is

(a)8 (b)6 (c)0 (d)16

Similarly, (a×b)(a×b×c×d×e×f)=(a×b)

(a×b)=(c×d)=(e×f)=-1[As they are all non –zero integers]

If (a×b×c×d×e×f)=1 and (a×b)=(c×d)=(e×f)=1, the possible sets of values of a,b,c.d.eand f

are (1,1,1,1,1), (-1,-1,1,1,1,.1), (1,1,1,1,-1,-1), (-1,-1,-1,-1,1,1), (-1,-1,1,1,-1,-1),(1,1,-1,-1,-1,-

1) and (-1,-1,-1,-1,-1,-1), So the possible values of (a+b+c+d+e+f)are 6,2,-2 and -6.

If (a×b×c×d×e×f)=-1 and (a×b)= (c×d)=(e×f)=-1, then in each of the pairs (a, b), (c, d), and

(e, f), one number will be ‘-1’ and the other will be ‘1’. So the only possible value of

(a+b+c+d+e+f) is O.

Thus, the sum of all the possible values of (a+b+c+d+e+f)=6+2+(-2)+(-6)+0=0.

17. How many natural numbers ‘n’ satisfy the inequality 5100 < n150 < (150n)5?

(a) 11 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) 15

(52)50 < (n3)50 < (150n)50

Or 52 < n3 < 150n

Or n3 > 25 and n2 < 150

The possible values of n which satisfy the condition are 3, 4, 5 ………., 12.So there are 10

25. How many five-digit numbers with distinct digits can be formed using 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9

such that ‘3’ appears before ‘7 ?

(a) 120 (b)90 (c) 24 (d) 60

25. d There are 5 odd numbers, We can select two places in 5C2 ways and the number of

ways of putting e and 7 in that places is only 1.Remaining places can be filled in 31 ways.

So the total number of way will be 5C2 x 1 x 31 =10 x 6 =60.

27. A number of that can be expressed as the square as well as the cube of a natural

number, and has 13 factors, is called a Dante’s number. What is the total number of Dante’s

numbers less than 106 ?

(a)1 (b)2 (c)3 (d)4

27.b Since the number has exactly 13 factors, the number must be of the form of a 12

(where ‘a’ is prime). Hence, the possible values are 212, 312, 512 ……, out of which only 212,

312 are less than 106.

Proc 8

number, is ‘a’. lf 4 < a S 6, then the number of values that ‘k’ can assume is

(a) 0 (b) 5 (c) 10 (d) 15

highest power of 5 contained in k!.

Here, 4<ag6, the value of a will be 5 or 6.

Case1: When a =5

No value of k exists for which the number of zeros at the end of k! is 5.

Case 2: When a = B

There are 5 values of k for which the number of zeros at the end of k! is 6

and the values are 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29.

E?

(a) 29 (b) 31 (c) 33 (d) 23

5. b E=3+6+15+24+...+195 = 1 x 3 + 2 x 4 + 3 x 5 + 4 x 6 +...+ 13 x 15

.’. Tn = n(n + 2) and n = 13

.’. E = ∑ =∑

= +2x

= +2x = 1001 = 7 x 11 x 13

Hence, the sum ofthe prime factors of E = 7 + 11 + 13 = 31.

composite number(s) only and that of those comprising prime number(s) only

are N1 and N2 respectively. What is the absolute difference between N1 and

N2?

(a) 0 (b) 32 (c)48 (d) 24

The number of subsets of S comprising composite numbers only =26-1

The number of subsets of S comprising prime numbers only= 24-1

Hence, the required differences = (26-1) – (24-1) = 48

18. ‘ab’ is a two digit prime number such that one of its digit is 3. If the

absolute difference between the digits of the number is not a factor of 2,

then how many values can ‘ab’ assume?

(a)5 (b)3 (c)6 (d) 8

18.b Since ‘ab’ is a two digit prime number and one of its digit is 3, it van assume

any of the values among 13, 23, 31, 37, 43, 53, 73 and 83.

As the absolute difference between the digits of the number is not a factor

of 2, the number among the obtained numbers that satisfy the

aforementioned condition are 37, 73 and 83. Hence, the number of values

that ‘ab’ can assume is 3.

23. The number of factors of the square of a natural number is 105. The

number of factors of the cube of the same number is ‘F’. Find the maximum

possible value of ‘F’.

(a)208 (b)217 (c)157 (d)280

In order to maximize the number of factors of N3, N2 must be expressed as

a product of as many prime factors as possible.

No. of factors of N2 =105 = 3 x 5 x 7

= (2+1)(4+1)(6+1)

.’. N2 = (a)2 (b)4 (c)6 , where a, b and care prime numbers.

.’. N3 = (a)3 (b)6 (c)9

Hence, the number of factors of N3 = (3+1) x (6+1) x (9+1) = 4 x 7 x 10 = 280

28. What is the unit digit of (3768 – 6377 + 4533 – 7699 + 118135)?

(a)1 (b)3 (c)7 (d)None of these

Unit digit of 6377 = 3

Unit digit of 4533 = 5

Unit digit of 7699 = 6

Unit digit of 118135 = 2

Hence, the required unit digit = (1 + 5 + 2) – (3 + 6) = 9.

(a) (b) (c) (d) None of these

We can observe that the sum of the powers of a2 and b in (a2)6 b8 is (6 + 8)

i.e. 14. But in the expansion of (a2 + b)13 the sum of the powers of a2 and b

must be 13 in each of the terms. Hence, the given term does not exist in the

expansion i.e. the required coefficient is zero.

Proc 9

1. Let f(x)=*x+, where *x+ denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. If ‘a’

and ‘b’ are two real number such that f(3b-2) = a-2 and f(a+2) = b+6, then find

the sum of a and b.

(a) 6 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) None of these

1 (c) Since [x] denotes an integer value, we can say that (a - 2) and (b + 6) are

integers. Therefore, (3b - 2) and (a + 2) will also be integers.

The greatest integer of an integer is the integer itself.

f(3b - 2) = (a - 2) => 3b - 2 = a - 2 ....(i)

f(a + 2) = b + 6 => a + 2 = b + 6 ....(ii)

Solving (i) and (ii) we get

a = 6 and b = 2

Hence, the sum of a and b = 6 + 2 = 8

12.‘D’ is the absolute difference between a three- digit natural number and the

sum of the digit of the number. If ‘D’ is a multiple of 12 and greater than 504,

then how many values can ‘D’ assume?

.’. D = 100a + 10b + c – (a + b + c) = 9 (11a + b)

Since D > 504 (= 9 x 56) and it is also a multiple of 12. (11a + b) has to be

a multiple of 4 and greater than 56.

The possible values of a and b can be tabulated as:

A B

5 5,9

6 2,6

7 3,7

8 0,4,8

9 1,5,9

Hence, D can assume 12 values.

(a) 53 (b) 23 (c) 13 (d) None of these

= Rem [ ]

= Rem * + = 53.

23. 35x4y9z, a seven-digit number, is completely divisible by 44. If ‘x’, ‘y’and ‘z’

are single digit whole numbers, find the sum of all the distinct possible

values of (y+z-x).

(b) 12 (b) 60 (c) 72 (d) 66

According to the divisibility rule for 4 i.e. the number formed by the last

two digits has to be divisible by 4, z must be either 2 or 6.

As the number is divisible by 11, (3 + x + y + z) – (5 + 4 + 9) i.e. (x + y + z -

15) must be of the form 11k, where k is an integer.

Case I: When z = 2

x + y + 2 – 15 = 11k

x + y – 13 – 0 or -11 (since x + y ≤ 18)

x + y = 13 or 2

The possible values of x, y and (y + z - x) can be tabulated as:

x y y+z–x

9 4 -3

8 5 -1

7 6 1

6 7 3

5 8 5

4 9 7

0 2 4

1 1 2

2 0 0

x + y + 6 – 15 = 11k

=> x + y – 9 – 0 (since x + y ≤ 16)

=> x + y = 9

The possible values of x, y and (y + z - x) can be tabulated as:

x Y y+z–x

9 0 -3

8 1 -1

7 2 1

6 3 3

5 4 5

4 5 7

3 6 9

2 7 11

1 8 13

0 9 15

Proc 10

the factors of Pi then the maximum value that ‘a’ can assume is

1. c In order to maximize the highest power of 2 in the product, one of the ten

numbers has to be 64 as this is the highest two- digit number of the form

2k, where k is a natural number; there has to the maximum number of

multiples of 8 among the ten numbers. In a set of ten consecutive natural

numbers, there can be a maximum of two numbers that will be a multiple

of 8.

The possible sets of ten consecutive natural numbers that satisfy the

aforementioned conditions are 55 to 64, 56 to 65, 63 to 72 and 64 to 73.

The highest power of 2 in the product of any of these sets of ten numbers

will be 13.

2. f(x) = 2x – 1, if x is an odd natural number

2x + 3, if x is an even natural number

What is the remainder when f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + ... + f(73) is divided by 9?

(a) 2 (b) 6 (c) 1 (d) 7

Rem* + = Rem* +

= Rem* + = -1

= Rem* + = Rem* + = Rem* +

= Rem* + = Rem* + = 1.

(a) 4 (b) 8 (C) 2 (d) 6

Since (22 52) ends in zero, the rightmost non-zero digit in 11! will be units

digit of (26 34 7 11) i.e. 8.

factors?

(a) 13 (b) 10 (c) 11 (d) 5

4. c We know that 1 has only one factor which is neither prime nor composite.

So, we are left with only 23 numbers. We can find out the numbers which

have composite number of factors by excluding those numbers which have

a prime number of factors from the rest 23 numbers.

The numbers of the form ak - 1, where a and k are prime numbers, have a

prime number of factors. Therefore, there are 12 numbers, each less than

25, which have a prime number of factors and these numbers are 2, 3, 22, 5,

7, 32, 11, 13, 24, 17, 19 and 23.

Hence, the required number of numbers = 23 -12 = 11.

16. F(a,b) =

F( )=

If ‘a’, ‘b’ and ‘c’ are distinct positive integers such that any two of them are

co-prime, then what is the sum of a, b and c?

(a) 6 (b) 7 (c)8 (d) 9

20. c a, b and c are distinct positive integers such that any two of them are co-

prime.

.’. HCF (a,b) =1 and LCM (a,b) = ab

.’. F(a,b) =

Now, F* + = F(ab,c) = =

Abc = 12 = 1 x 3 x 4

Hence, the sum of a, b and c = 1 + 3 + 4 = 8.

26. ‘x’, ‘y’ and ‘z’ are real numbers such that x > 6, y < 0 and z > -2. How many

of the following statements are definitely true?

(i) x+y+z>0

(ii) xy + yz + zx = 0

(iii) x + y2 + z4 < 0

(a) (b) (c) 2 (d) 3

(i) x + y + z will always not be greater than zero, since y < 0.

Ex: x = 7, y = -9, z = 1

(ii) xy + yz + zx will always not be zero.

Ex : x =7, y = -2, z = -1.

(iii) x + y2 + z4 will always be greater than zero, since x > 6.

Hence, none of the three statements is true.

UNProctored 1

1. What is the remainder when 1! + 2 × 2! + 3 × 3! + 4 × 4! + … + 12 × 12! is

divided by 13?

(a) 1 (b) 12 (c) 11 (d) 0

Solution:

1. b 1! + 2 × 2! + 3 × 3! + 4 × 4! +…+ 12 × 12!

= (2! – 1!) + (3! – 2!) + (4! – 3!) +…+ (13! – 12!)

= 13! – 1

So the remainder = –1 i.e. 12

11. What is the highest possible value of ‘n’ for which – 1 is divisible by ?

(a) 13 (b) 10 (c) 11 (d) 12

Solution:

+1)(

= +1) +1) (

= +1)( +1)(

= +1)( +1) (

= +1)(

now +1 when divided by , always gives a reminder of 2. Therefore, the

highest power of 2 which can divided each of thems

+1)( ( )

1024 9 2 1

Hence, 3 1 is divisible by 2 × 2 × 2 and so the highest power of 2 by which it is divisible

= 9 + 2 + 1 = 12

17. A school having 270 students provides facilities for playing four games –

Cricket, Football, Tennis and Badminton. There are a few students in the school

who do not play any of the four games. It is known that for every student in the

school who plays at least N games, there are two students who play at least (N – 1)

games, for N = 2, 3 and 4. If the number of students who play all the four games is

equal to the number of students who play none, then how many students in the

school play exactly two of the four games?

(a) 30 (b) 60 (c) 90 (d) 120

Solution:

17. b Let there be ‘a’ students who play exactly four games.

Then there will be ‘2a’ students who play at least

three games i.e. either three or four games. Hence,

we can say that ‘a’ students play exactly three games.

Similarly, there are ‘2a’ students who play exactly two

games and ‘4a’ students who play exactly one game.

Also, since ‘a’ students play all four games, the number

of students playing none of the four games should also be ‘a’.

Hence, a + 4a + 2a + a + a = 270 i.e. a = 30.

So the number of students who play exactly two

games is 2a i.e. 2 x 30 = 60.

21. Some numbers can be expressed as the sum of three of their factors. E.g. 12

can be expressed as the sum of 2, 4 and 6. How many other such numbers are there

which are less than 100?

(a) 16 (b) 15 (c) 7 (d) 2

Solution:

decreasing order can be listed as

If N is not divisible by 2, then the three largest factors

of N can be ,Since their sum is less than N,

must be a factor of N.

Similarly, if N is not divisible by 3, then the next two

largest factors of N after can be and Again,

since their sum is less than N, must be a factor of N.

Now, and must be added to to get N. Hence, N

must be divisible by 6.

The total number of multiples of 6 below 100 are 16,

including the number 12. So there are 15 such numbers other than 12.

UNP 3

2. Seven students appeared for an exam in which the maximum marks were 100. The marks

scored by the students in the exam were found to be seven distinct integer values. The

arithmetic mean of their marks was 88 whereas the median of their marks was 92. What could be

the maximum difference between the marks of any two students?

(a) 54 (b) 46 (c) 57 (d) 60

student must have scored 92, three must have scored

more than 92 and three less than 92.

If the difference in the marks scored by any two

students is to be maximized, then the sum of the marks

of the top six students must be made as high as

possible in order to arrive at the lowest possible marks

for the seventh student. Therefore, marks of the top

six students can be 100, 99, 98, 92, 91 and 90.

∴Marks of the seventh student

= 88 × 7 – (100 + 99 + 98 + 92 + 91 + 90) = 46

Hence, the required difference = 100 – 46 = 54

3. Find the smallest number which when divided by 3, 5, 7 and 11 leaves remainders 2, 4, 6 and 1

respectively.

(a) 419 (b) 104 (c) 209 (d) None of these

3. a The form of a number which when divided by 3, 5 and 7 leaves remainders 2, 4 and 6

respectively

= k × (LCM of 3, 5 and 7) – 1, where k is a natural number

= 105k – 1

Now, (105 k – 1) leaves remainder 1 when divided by

11, if k = 4, 15, 26, …

Hence, the smallest such number = 105 × 4 – 1 = 419.

(a) 4444444 (b) 7777777 (c) 2222222 (d) None of these

12. Find the number of possible solutions of m! = a! + b! + c!, where m, a, b and c are positive

integers.

(a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 7 (d) 1

Since m must be greater than each of a, b and c, the

maximum value that each of the three can take is

(m – 1).

The minimum value of a! + b! + c! is 3, hence, m cannot

be less than 3.

For m > 3, m! > 3 × (m – 1)! a! + b! + c!

When m = 3, the only possible solution is

a = b = c = 2.

Hence, there is only one solution to the given equation.

19. A natural number N has ‘k’ distinct prime factors. If the total number of factors of N is 72, then

what is the product of all the possible values of k?

(a) 180 (b) 60 (c) 24 (d) 120

21. Two distinct numbers are picked randomly from the first ten natural numbers. Find the probability

that the L.C.M. of the two numbers is 6.

be picked from the first ten natural numbers =

The pairs of two distinct natural numbers from 1 to 10

whose LCM is 6 are (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3) and (3, 2).

UNP 4

B = {9, 16, 23, 30, ..., term}

If S = , how many elements are there in S?

B = {9, 16, 23, 30, ..., term}

We first need to find n(A B).

The term of A=1+(n-1)3=3n-2

The term of B=9+(m-1)7=7m+2.

n(A B). will be equal to the number of solutions of 3n-2=7m+2, wher n and m

are natural numbers less than 2005.

n=

If m=2, n=6,

m=5, n=13,

.

.

.

m=857, n=2001.

∴ )=

∈

4.c , where m is an integer.

6. If y what is the maximum possible integer value of y such that x < 0?

√ ( A.M. G.M.)

⇒ √

Since x < 0,

, where n is a natural number?

(a) 30 (b) 31 (c) 32 (d) 33

15.b 7 8 9 10 ….. 135=n

=n

highest power of in =* +=31

19. India fielded ‘n’ (> 3) bowlers in a test match, and they operated in pairs. If a

particular bowler did not bowl in pair with at least two other bowlers in the team,

then at most how many bowlers could have bowled in pair with every other

bowler in the team?

(a) n – 3 (b) n – 1 (c) n – 2 (d) None of these

If a particular bowler (say) did not bowl in pair with two other bowlers, and

(say), then and also did not bowl in pair with every bowler in the team.

Therefore, atleast three bowlers must not have bowled in pair with every other

bowler in the team.

Hence, the maximum number of bowlers who could have bowled in pair with

every other bowler in the team is n-3.

22. If = 1, 2, 3, 4, ... , 23and = 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, ... , 691, how

many elements of the set are divisible by at least four distinct prime numbers

that are elements of the set ?

(a) 9 (b) 8 (c) 11 (d) 12

22.c if a number of the set is divisible by atleast four distinct prime numbers of the set , then it

will be divisible by their product as well.

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 7, i.e. 210=3

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 11 i.e. 330=2

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 13, i.e. 390=1

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 17, i.e. 510=1

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 19, i.e. 570=1

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 23, i.e. 690=1

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 11, i.e. 462=1

The number of numbers in divisible by the product of 2,3,5 and 13, i.e. 546=1

There is no other combination of four or more prime numbers in set that divides any of the elements

of set

Hence , the required number of elements =11

28. A florist sells only two kinds of flowers – Rose and Tulip. On a particular day, he

sold 70 Roses and 90 Tulips. If none of his customers bought more than one

flower of each type, what is the minimum number of customers that must have

visited his shop on that day?

(a)160 (b) 90 (c) 120 (d) 70

The number of customers who bought both Rose and Tulip=70.

The rest 20 customers must have bought just 1 Tulip each.

29. The question given below is followed by two statements, A and B. Mark the

answer using the following instructions:

Mark (a) if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone,

but cannot be answered by using the other statement alone.

Mark (b) if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

Mark (c) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together,

but cannot be answered using either statement alone.

Mark (d) if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements

together.

A. The sum of x, y and their LCM is 11.

B. The sum of x and y is 5.

29.c From statement A: As the sum of x,y nd their LCM is 11, the possible pairs of the values

of x and y will be (1,5) and (2,3). Therefore, the product of x and y either 5 or 6. Hence,

statement A alone is the not sufficient.

From statement B: As x+y=5, the possible pairs of the values of x and y will be (1,4) and

(2,3). Therefore, the product of x and y is either 4 or 6.

Hence, statement B alone is not sufficient.

From statement A and B: combining the two statements, we get the product of x and y

as 6

UNPROC 5

(a) 255 (b) 1023 (c) 511 (d) None of these

2. c =3= –1

=7= –1

= 3.7 – 2.3 = 15 = – 1

= 3.15 – 2.7 = 31 = –1

= – 1 = 511.

9. A teacher asks one of her students to divide a 30-digit number by 11. The number consists of six

consecutive 1’s, then six consecutive 2’s, and likewise six 3’s, six 4’s and six 7’s in that order

from left to right. The student inserts a three-digit number between the last 4 and the first 7 by

mistake and finds the resulting number to be divisible by 11. Find the number of possible values

of the three-digit number.

(a) 82 (b) 92 (c) 81 (d) 91

Let the three-digit number that is inserted in the number be ‘abc’.

∴ = 111111222222333333444444abc777777

For the resulting number to be divisible by 11, abc must also be divisible by 11.

Hence, the number of possible values of abc is the number of three-digit numbers that are

divisible by 11 = 81

UNPROC 5

17. How many two-digit natural numbers satisfy * + * +, where [x] denotes the greatest

integer less than or equal to x?

(a) 7 (b) 10 (c) 9 (d) None of these

17.d * + * +

Since the value of the right hand side of the given equation is 1 for all two-digit natural numbers,

therefore, the values of x that will satisfy the equation are 10, 11, 12, 13, ..., 17.

Hence, the number of possible solutions = 8.

26. Let Z = {1, 11, 111, 1111, ..., 11111 up to 55 times} and T be a subset of Z such that the sum of

no two elements of T is divisible by 3. The maximum possible number of elements in T is

(a) 20 (b) 18 (c) 19 (d) 37

The number of elements in Z that leave remainders 1, 2 and 0 when divided by 3 are 19, 18 and

18 respectively.

T will have maximum number of elements if it contains all the 19 elements of Z which leave

remainder 1 when divided by 3 and one more element which leaves remainder 0 when divided by

3.

Hence, T can have a maximum of 19 + 1 = 20 elements.

UNPROC 6

(a) 34 (b) 76 (c) 24 (d) None of these

Any number with the last two digits as 24 when raised to any odd power gives the last two digits

as 24 and when raised to any even power gives the last two digits as 76.

= =

1024 raised to any odd power will have the last two digits as 24.

Hence, will have the last two digits as 24.

15. A natural number consists of only 0’s and 1’s. If the number is divisible by 375, then what is the

least possible number of 0’s and 1’s in the number respectively?

(a) 6 and 3 (b) 3 and 6 (c) 6 and 9 (d) None of these

15. d 375 = 3

If a number is divisible by 125, then the last three digits of the number should be divisible by 125.

Since the number consists only 0’s and 1’s, the last three digits of the number will be 000. As the

number is divisible by 3, the sum of digits of the number should be divisible by 3. Therefore, there

should be at least three 1’s in the number.

Hence, the smallest such number = 111000.

18. A shopkeeper has 2721 apples, 3081 bananas and 3501 peaches. He makes baskets of these

fruits such that the number of fruits of each type in a basket is either ‘x’ or 0. In the end the

shopkeeper is left with p (< x) fruits of each type. Find the maximum possible value of x.

(a) 1 (b) 10 (c) 15 (d) 60

18. d As the shopkeeper is left with the same number of fruits of each type, 2721, 3081 and 3501

when divided by x should leave the same remainder i.e. p.

The maximum possible value of x

= HCF (3081 – 2721, 3501 – 3081)

= HCF (360, 420) = 60.

24. A society of 380 people organized a tournament comprising three different games. The number of

people who participated in at least two games was 42% more than those who participated in

exactly one game. At least one person participated in exactly n games, where n = 1, 2, 3. If the

number of people who did not participate in any of the three games was minimum possible, then

what was the maximum possible number of people who participated in exactly two games?

(a) 149 (b) 150 (c) 212 (d) 213

24. c Let the number of people who participated in exactly 0, 1, 2 and 3 games be N, I, II and III

respectively.

Therefore, II + III = 1.42 I …(i)

and N + I + II + III = 380.

⇒N + 2.42 I = 380 [Using (i)]

⇒ I=

Since N is minimum possible, (380 – N) must be the

largest possible multiple of 121.

⇒380 – N = 363⇒N = 17

⇒I = 50 × 3 = 150

From (i), II + III = 1.42 × 150 = 213

Hence, the maximum possible value of II

= 213 – 1 = 212.

27. Rohan and five of his friends contributed equal money and hired a car to Goa. At least one of his

friends pulled out of the trip at the last moment and so they decided to divide the expenses

between the rest of the people. During the journey the car required some minor repair for which

they paid Rs250 extra. The total travelling expenses, including the repair charges, amounted to

Rs410 per person. If each of the six friends had contributed an integral amount more than Rs100

initially, then what was their total initial contribution?

(a) Rs1,800 (b) Rs570 (c) Rs2,460 (d) Cannot be determined

27. a Let the initial amount (in !) contributed by each of the six friends be ‘p’ (> 100) and number of

people (including Rohan) who went to Goa be ‘n’.

Total travelling expenses (in Rs) including the repair amount = 410 × n

Initial amount (in Rs) contributed by the six friends = 6p.

As per the given information,

410n – 6p = 250

⇒p=

Since p > 100 and 0 < n < 6,

n = 5 and p = 300.

Hence, the initial amount contributed by the six friends

= 6 × 300 = Rs1,800.

Unproc 7

(i) 16

(ii) 349

(iii) 2443

(a) Only (iii) (b) (ii) and (iii) (c) (i) and (iii) (d) All of them

7.b

As 37 is an odd number, the given expression will be divisible by ( + ) i.e. 2443. It will also

be divisible by 349 since it is a factor of 2443, but not by 16 as the value of the given expression

is odd.

10. If (6)n1 (7)n2 = (33)n2, where n1 and n2 are bases such that n1 n2, how many different values

can n1 assume?

(a) 7 (b) 6 (c) 8 (d) 13

⇒n2 = 13

The value of n1 must be greater than 6 as the digit 6 has been used in base n1. Therefore, the

values which n1 can assume are 7, 8, 9, …, 13.

Hence, the answer = 7.

16. A bag contains 35 tokens numbered 1 to 35. Five of them are picked randomly and are found to

have five consecutive numbers. If the product of the five numbers is P, how many distinct values

that P can assume are multiples of 16?

(a) 23 (b) 15 (c) 21 (d) 31

16. a Any sequence of five consecutive natural numbers contains either two or three even numbers.

In this case the product of the five numbers will always be a multiple of 16 as the product of any

three consecutive even numbers is a multiple of 16. The number of such sequences possible =

The number of even numbers less than 31 = 15.

As the H.C.F. of two consecutive even numbers is 2, their product will be a multiple of 16 if and

only if one of the two numbers is a multiple of 8.

Since there are four multiples (i.e. 8, 16, 24 and 32) of 8 which are less than 35 and the number

of required sequences in which each of these multiples can appear is 2, the number of the

possible required sequences will be 8.

17. If a girl has coins of denominations Rs1, Rs2 and Rs5, in how many ways can she make a

payment of exactly Rs11?

(a) 12 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) 11

17. d Let the number of coins of denominations Rs1, Rs 2 and Rs 5 used to make the payment be x, y

and z respectively.

∴x + 2y + 5z = 11

Now the possible values of z are 0, 1 or 2.

Case (i): z = 0

∴x + 2y = 11

The ordered pairs (x, y) that satisfy the above equation

are (1, 5); (3, 4); (5, 3); (7, 2); (9, 1) and (11, 0).

Therefore, the number of ways in this case = 6.

Case (ii): z = 1

∴x + 2y = 6

The ordered pairs (x, y) that satisfy the above equation

are (0, 3); (2, 2); (4, 1) and (6, 0).

Therefore, the number of ways in this case = 4.

Case (iii): z = 2

∴x + 2y = 1

The only ordered pair (x, y) that satisfies the above equation is (1, 0).

Hence, the total number of ways = 6 + 4 + 1 = 11.

29. If Bf represents the number of bijective functions from S1 = {a, b, c, d, e} to S2 = {p, g, r, s, t} such

that f(c) t and f(e) p, what is the value of Bf?

(a) 120 (b) 84 (c) 114 (d) 78

29. d As a bijective function is a one-to-one onto function, the number of bijections from S1 to S2 is

nothing but one-to-one associations of each element of S1 to a unique element of S2 and vice-

versa under the given constraints.

= 5! = 120.

The number of one-to-one associations from S1 to S2 when ‘c’ is associated with ‘t’, but ‘e’ is not

associated with ‘p’ = 3 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 18.

The number of one-to-one associations from S1 to S2 when ‘e’ is associated with ‘p’, but ‘c’ is not

associated with ‘t’ = 3 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 18.

The number of one-to-one associations from S1 to S2 when ‘c’ is associated with ‘t’ and ‘e’ is

associated with ‘p’ = 3 × 2 × 1 = 6.

Hence, the answer = 120 – (18 +18 + 6) = 78.

Unp 8

6. Which of the following could be a possible value of ‘x’ for which each of the fractions

is in its simplest form, where [x] stands for the greatest integer less than or equal to ‘x’?

(a) 45.45 (b) 49.49 (c) 51.51 (d) 53.53

6. c A fraction is said to be in its simplest form when the numerator and the denominator are co-prime.

If we observe the fractions carefully, we find that in each term a remainder of 2 is left when the

integer part of the numerator is divided by the denominator.

E.g. 2 by 10, 13 by 11, 26 by 12, 41 by 13, and so on.

The fractions can be written as:

Thus ‘x’ needs to be such that [x] + 2 is co-prime with 10, 11, 12, …49 and 50.

Among the options, the only such value is 51.51.

7. The sequence 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17,…. has one odd number followed by the next two

even numbers, then the next three odd numbers followed by the next four even numbers and so

rd

on. What is the 2003 term of the sequence?

(a) 3953 (b) 3943 (c) 3940 (d) 3950

Number of Terms Terms

1 1

2 2,4

3 5,7,9

4 10,12,14,16

5 17,19,21,23,25

6 26,28,30,32,34,36

7 37,39,41,43,45,47,49

8 50,52,54,56,58,60,62,64

If we observe the sequences carefully the last term in any sequence is the square of the number

of terms, i.e. when n = 3, last term = 9; when n = 4, last term = 16; when n = 8, last term = 64 and

so on…

Also, the total number of terms in the sequence is the sum of the number of terms in the alternate

sequences of even and odd terms.

rd

Since =1953, we can say that the 2003 term will lie in a sequence of odd terms and will

be the 50th term in that sequence. The last term in the sequence of even terms with n = 62 will be

2 th

62 = 3844. Hence, the next odd sequence begins at 3845. The 50 term in this sequence will be

3845 + 49 × 2 = 3943.

11. In how many ways can 1000 be written as a sum of ‘n’ consecutive natural numbers, where ‘n’ is

greater than 1?

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

The middle term will be the average of all the terms.

Let the average be k.

∴k n 1000

(Both k and n are natural numbers.)

Odd factors of 1000 are 1, 5, 25 and 125.

(i) When n = 5, k = 200, the consecutive numbers are from 198 to 202.

(ii) When n = 25, k = 40, the consecutive numbers are 28 to 52.

(iii) When n = 125, k = 8, the consecutive numbers will not be natural numbers.

The average of the middle two terms will be the

average of all the terms. Let the average be k.

∴k n 1000

(n is a natural number and k is a positive rational number whose decimal part is 0.5.)

(i) When n = 16, k = 62.5, the consecutive numbers are from 55 to 70.

(ii) When n = 80, k = 12.5, the consecutive numbers will not be natural numbers.

(iii) When n = 400, k = 2.5, the consecutive numbers will not be natural numbers.

So the total number of possible ways is 3.

Unproc 9

a 220

1. How many positive integer values of ‘a’ are possible such that a is an integer?

a4

(a) 12 (b) 13 (c) 15 (d) 16

1. a

a 220 a 4 216 216

= 1

a4 a4 a4

Therefore, (a + 4) must be a factor of 216.

The number of factors of 216 = 16

But (a + 4) cannot be equal to 1, 2, 3 and 4 as ‘a’ has

to be a positive integer.

Total possible values = 16 – 4 = 12

4. In a test consisting of 15 questions, 3 marks are awarded for a correct answer, 1 mark is

deducted for an incorrect answer and no mark is awarded for an unattempted question. If

a student attempts at least one question in the paper, what is the number of distinct

scores that he can get?

(a) 57 (b) 58 (c) 59 (d) None of these

4. b

A student can get any integer score from –15 to 45, except 44, 43 and 40. So the answer is 61 –

3 = 58.

Unp 9

7. What is the remainder obtained when the sum of the squares of any thirty consecutive

natural numbers is divided by 12?

(a) 0 (b) 3 (c) 11 (d) Cannot be determined

7. c

Let a, a + 1, a + 2, …, a + 29 be thirty consecutive natural numbers and N be the sum of

their squares.

N = a2 + (a + 1)2 + (a + 2)2 +…+ (a + 29)2

N = 30a2 + 2a(1 + 2 + ….+ 29) + (12 + 22 + …+ 292)

29 30 29 30 59

N 30a 2 2a

2 6

29 30 59

Remainder when is divided by 12 = 11

6

29 30

Now 30a 2 2a 30(a 29a)

2

2

As (a2 + 29a) is always even, remainder obtained when 30(a2 + 29a) is divided by 12 = 0.

So the remainder obtained when the sum of the squares of any thirty consecutive natural

numbers is divided by 12 = 11.

is the value of a2 + c2?

(a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) Cannot be determined

10. b

ac + bd = 0

ac = –bd

2 2 2 2

a c =b d

2 2 2 2

a (1 – d ) = (1 – a )d

a = d

2 2

2 2 2 2

Since c + d = 1, c + a = 1.

18. The sum of the digits of a four-digit number is 31. What fraction of such numbers are

divisible by 11?

(a) ¼ (b) 1/5 (c) 1/6 (d) None of these

18. d

Let the four-digit number be abcd.

For the number to be divisible by 11, (a + c) – (b + d) = 0 or +11k, where k is a natural

number.

Let us assume that a + c = x and b + d = y.

x + y = 31 and x – y = 11

(For x and y to be integers, x – y can neither be 0 nor an even multiple of 11.)

Solving the above equations, we get x = 21 and y = 10.

As x is the sum of two single digit numbers, the maximum possible value of x is 18.

Therefore, no such number is possible.

23. a and b are natural numbers such that a > b > 1. If 8! is divisible by a2 × b2, then how

many such sets (a, b) are possible?

(a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8

23. c

There are four prime numbers less than 8 i.e. 2, 3, 5 and 7.

The highest powers of 2, 3, 5 and 7 in 8! are 7, 2, 1 and 1 respectively.

The possible sets of values of (a2, b2) are:

(32, 22)

(42, 22)

(42, 32)

(62, 22)

(82, 32)

(62, 42)

(122, 22)

Unp 9

2 5

(i) log x (ii) log w (iii) y – z = 9

y 3 z 4

What is the value of ‘x – w’?

(a) 81 (b) 117 (c) 93 (d) 109

27. c

24

Since both x and w are natural numbers, the above is true only

1 2

when x 3 5 and w 5 = 4

Hence, x = 125, w = 32 and x – w = 93.

(a) 1806869592 (b) 1806869594 (c) 1806869596 (d) 1806869598

30. a

1

96.97.98.99 = [100.99.98.97.96 – 99.98.97.96.95]

5

10.11.12.13 + 11.12.13.14 + … + 96.97.98.99

1

= [100.99.98.97.96 – 9.10.11.12.13]

5

1806869592

Note:

We need not calculate the exact value; just checking the last digit of the answer will

suffice in this case.

1

[100.99.98.97.96 – 9.10.11.12.13]

5

= 20.99.98.97.96 – 9.2.11.12.13

[ends with 0] [ends with 8]

Hence, the unit digit of the answer must be 10 – 8 = 2

and there is just one option with unit digit 2.

Unp 10

5. There are two signals which keep changing their colours continuously

according to a pattern. The first signal S1 remains Red for 5 seconds, then

turns Green for the next 7 seconds, then turns Blue for the next 6 seconds,

then Red again for 5 seconds and so on. The second signal S2 remains Red

for 7 seconds, then turns Green for the next 11 seconds, then turns Blue for

the next 8 seconds, then Pied again for 7 seconds and so on. If S1 and S2

turn Red simultaneously, then after how much time (in seconds) will they

turn Blue simultaneously for the first time?

(a) 140 (b) 66 (c) 72 (d) 78

Therefore, the two signals turn Red simultaneously after every 72 seconds

(L.C.M of 18 and 24). Also, exactly 6 seconds before they turn Red, they

would have turned Blue simultaneously. Hence, the two signals will turn

Blue simultaneously for the first time exactly 66 seconds after the start.

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c)2 (d)3

10.b We have + =5

=> 2y + 15x = 5xy

=> 5xy – 2y -15x = 0

=> (y – 3) (5x – 2) = 6

Now, 6 can be written as 2 x 3, -2 x -3, 1 x 6

Or -1 x -6.

The only possible case is 5x – 2 = 3 and y – 3 = 2.

Therefore, x=1 and y=5

What is the remainder left when N is divided by 1144?

(a) 913 (b) 1129 (c) 777 (d) None of these

19.c A natural number formed by using the same digit written 6 times

(eg. 777777) is always divisible by 1001 i.e. 7 11 13.

Also, N can be written as:

7777...................7777 1000 + 777

------- 426 times -------→

.’. 7777...............7777 1000 is always divisible

------- 426 times -------→

by 1144 i.e. 11 13 8.

28. How many factors of 20! Are there whose unit digit is 5?

(a) 2068 (b) 1868 (c) 1728 (d) None of these

= 218 38 54 72 111 131 171 191

When any factor of 38 72 111 131 171 191 is multiplied by 51, 52,

53 or 54, the unit digit of the resulting number will be 5.

The number of factors of 38 72 111 131 171 191

= 9 3 2 2 2 2 = 432.

The number of factors of 20! Whose unit digit is 5 = 432 4 = 1728.

Unp 11

3. If N = 1! – 2! + 3! – 4! +…..+ 47! – 48! + 49!, then what is the unit digit of NN?

(a) 0 (b) 9 (c) 7 (d) 1

3. d

3. d The unit digit of every term from 5! to 49! is 0.

Also, 1! – 2! + 3! – 4! = 1 – 2 + 6 – 24 = –19.

Hence, the unit digit of N will be 10 – 9 = 1.

The unit digit of NN will also be 1.

r p2

18.

4 ≤ p ≤ 9, –0.25 ≤ q ≤ 0.36, –0.49 ≤ r ≤ –0.01 and , where p, q, r and s

s2 q

are real numbers. What is the difference between the maximum and the

minimum possible values of s?

(a) 0.0875 (b) 0.105 (c) 0.210 (d) None of these

18. d

r p2

s2 q

= qr = p2q2

we must have q < 0 or –0.25 <q <0.

qr

s 2 2

p

(0.25)(0.49)

Maximum possible value of s 2

42

Maximum and minimum possible values of s are 0.0875 and –0.0875 respectively.

Hence, the answer = 2 × 0.0875 = 0.175.

Unp 11

22. Two different two-digit natural numbers are written beside each other such that the

larger number is written on the left. When the absolute difference of the two

numbers is subtracted from the four-digit number so formed, the number obtained is

5481. What is the sum of the two two-digit numbers?

(a) 70 (b) 71 (c) 72 (d) 73

22. d

As the larger number is written on the left, the larger number is either 54 or 55.

Let the smaller number be x.

5400 + x = 5481 + 54 – x

2x = 5535 – 5400 = 135

(In this case x will not be a natural number.)

5500 + x = 5481 + 55 – x

2x = 5536 – 5500 = 36

x = 18

Hence, the required sum = 73.

27. A = 2812, B = 188 and C = 216. How many natural numbers are there by which at

least one among A, B and C is divisible?

(a) 499 (b) 501 (c) 504 (d) 505

27. d

A = 2812 = 224 × 712

B = 188 = 28 × 316

C = 216 = 36 × 76

The total number of factors of A will be (24 + 1)(12 + 1) = 325.

Similarly, the total number of factors of B and C will be 153 and 49 respectively.

HCF of (A, B and C) = 1.

The only factor common to A, B and C is 1.

Factors common to A and B = 20, 21,…, 27, 28

Factors common to B and C = 30, 31,…, 35, 36

Factors common to A and C = 70, 71,…, 75, 76

Hence, the answer = (325 + 153 + 49) – (9 + 7 + 7) + 1 = 505.

Unp 12

2. What is the number of common terms in the two sequences given below?

S1 = 4, 10, 16, 22, …., 562.

S2 =3, 8, 13, 18, …., 573.

(a) 20 (b) 40 (c) 36 (d) 18

2. d

The first common term of the two sequences is 28. As the common difference of the two

sequences are 6 and 5 respectively, we can say that any number of the form ‘30n – 2’,

where n is a natural number, will be common to both the sequences. The maximum

possible value of such common term will be 30 × 18 – 2

= 540 – 2 = 538. Hence, the number of common terms in S1 and S2 is 18.

(a) 10 (b) 14 (c) 4 (d) 15

6. b

For the highest possible value of integer ‘x’ which satisfies the given inequality, say

xmax, all the modulus brackets will open with a positive sign i.e. |x – 1| > 0,

||x – 1| – 2| > 0, |||x – 1| – 2| – 3| > 0 etc.

When all the brackets open with a positive sign,

x – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 < 5 or x < 15 or xmax = 14.

15. How many numbers are there between 0 and 500 which when divided by 3, 4, 6 and 8

leave remainders 1, 2, 4 and 6 respectively?

(a) 10 (b) 20 (c) 21 (d) None of these

15. b

L.C.M. of 3, 4, 6 and 8 is 24.

Each remainder left on division is 2 less than the divisor.

So if k is a divisor then the dividend must be of the type nk – 2 where n is a natural

number. To satisfy the condition for all the four divisors we have to consider L.C.M. of 3,

4, 6 and 8 in place of nk. So the smallest such number = 24 – 2 = 22. The next number

will be 22 + L.C.M. (2, 4, 6 and 8) = 22 + 24 = 46.

A general expression for any number N satisfying the given condition is N = 24k – 2.

If 0 < N < 500, then N can be:

22, 46, 70,... 478.

As 478 = 24 × 20 – 2, the answer is 20.

Unp 12

20. How many four-digit even numbers are there which have 0 and 1 as two of the digits and

the remaining two are distinct digits among 2, 4 and 6?

(a) 42 (b) 36 (c) 38 (d) 30

20. a

Suppose we do not select digit 6 and the four digits are 2, 4, 0 and 1.

The digit 0 can be placed at any position.

Total such numbers = 1 × 3 × 2 × 1 = 6.

Possible positions for the digit 1 = 2.

Possible positions for the digit 0, once the digit 1 has been fixed = 2.

Now digits 2 and 4 can be placed at the remaining two positions in 2 ways.

Total such numbers = 2 × 2 × 2 = 8.

Adding the above two cases, there are 14 such numbers.

Similarly, we will get 28 more such numbers when instead of 2 and 4 the digits selected

are either 2 and 6 or 4 and 6.

Hence, the answer = 14 × 3 = 42

23. Amit wrote down the squares of first ‘n’ natural numbers in his notebook. He then erased

one of the numbers written by him and found that the sum of the numbers remaining on

the notebook was 1432. The square of which of the following numbers was erased by

Amit?

(a) 1 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8

23. d

n(n 1)(2n 1)

Sum of the squares of first n natural numbers =

6

By substitution we can see that

1 + 22 + 33 + 44 + … + 162 = 1496.

As 1496 – 64 = 1432, the number whose square was erased must be 8.

digit number, then what is the maximum possible value of c?

(a) 80 (b) 88 (c) 96 (d) 100

24. c

Let c = 8k. Hence, b = 8(k + 1) and a = 8(k + 2), where k is a natural number.

As the H.C.F. of ‘k’, ‘k + 1’ and ‘k + 2’ is always 1, we can say that the

L.C.M. of ‘k’, ‘k + 1’ and ‘k + 2’ will be kk1k2, when k is odd,

k(k 1)(k 2)

and , when k is even.

2

The L.C.M. of a, b and c is either 8kk1k2or 4kk1k2.

L.C.M < 10000 (given)

For highest value of k we’ll take 4k(k+1)(k+2) < 10000,

where k is even.

Hence, k(k + 1)(k + 2) < 2500.

The maximum possible value of k = 12.

The maximum possible value of c = 96.

Unp 13

(i) 25001 + 1 (ii) 25002 + 1 (iii) 25003 + 1

(a) (i) and (ii) (b) (i) and (iii) (c) (ii) and (iii) (d) (i), (ii) and (iii)

2. d

a n bn

Remainder 0, if n is odd.

ab

25001 + 1 and 25003 +1 are divisible by 3.

Now, 25002 + 1 can be written as 42501 +1.

42501+1is divisible by 5.

Hence, none of the given numbers is a prime number.

4. How many positive integer pairs (x, y) satisfy x+ y= 2003 ?

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

4. a

x 2003 y

Squaring both the sides, we get

x 2003 y - 2 2003 y

For x to be an integer, y must be of the form 2003a2, where ‘a’ is a natural number.

Similarly, we can say that x must be of the form

2003b2, where ‘b’ is a natural number.

2003a 2 2003b2 2003 2003a22003b22003

a b 1

Hence, no solution is possible.

9. The sum of thirty-two consecutive natural numbers is a perfect square. What is the least

possible sum of the smallest and the largest of the thirty-two numbers?

(a) 81 (b) 36 (c) 49 (d) 64

9. c

Let the numbers be a, a + 1, a + 2, ……, a + 31.

31 32

Sum of these numbers = 32a = 16(2a + 31)

2

As 16 is a perfect square, the least possible value of 2a + 31 = 49.

Therefore, a = 9 and a + 31 = 40.

The least possible sum = 49.

12. In a three-digit number, the unit digit is twice the tens digit and the tens digit is twice the

hundreds digit. The same number is written as 1XY and 1YX in base 8 and base 9

respectively. Find the sum of X and Y in the decimal system.

(a) 15 (b) 7 (c) 11 (d) Cannot be determined

12. c

Let the hundreds digit be n.

The tens digit will be 2n.

The unit digit will be 4n.

The possible values of ‘n’ are 1 and 2 and hence the

possible numbers are 124 and 248 respectively.

On converting 248 in base 8 and base 9, the given condition gets violated.

On converting 124 in base 8 and base 9, we get

(174)8 = (147)9.

Required sum = 4 + 7 = 11.

(a) 21 (b) 87 (c) 27 (d) None of these

24. b

If N is a natural number such that N = apbqcr... where a, b, c etc are prime numbers, then

1 1 1

Euler’s Totient function is given by (N) = N1 1 1

a b b

If P is some other natural number which is prime to N, then the remainder when P(N) is

divided by N is 1.

To find the last two digits we need to find the remainder when 948367483 is divided by

100.

1 1 1

100 = 100 1 1 1 = 40

2 5 b

3

Required remainder = = 8367483 = 8340k+ 3 = 83 = 87.

A = {20, 21, 22, 23, 24}

B = {30, 31, 32, 33, 34}

How many different proper fractions can be made by picking the numerator from one of

the sets and the denominator from the other set?

(a) 24 (b) 20 (c) 12 (d) None of these

26. a

A = {1, 2, 4, 8, 16}

B = {1, 3, 9, 27, 81}

The number of possible proper fractions when denominator is equal to 2, 4, 8 and 16 are

1, 2, 2 and 3 respectively.

The number of possible proper fractions when denominator is equal to 3, 9, 27 and 81

are 2, 4, 5 and 5 respectively.

Since no two of these fractions can be equal, the answer = 24.

Alternate method: All the combinations can result in a proper fraction except when 1 is

chosen from both the sets. So the answer = 5 × 5 – 1 = 25 – 1 = 24.

28. The question given below is followed by two statements, A and B. Mark the answer

using the following instructions:

Mark (a) if the question can be answered by using one of the statements alone, but

cannot be answered by using the other statement alone.

Mark (b) if the question can be answered by using either statement alone.

Mark (c) if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements together.

Mark (d) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together, but

cannot be answered by using either statement alone.

Q. If p and q are natural numbers, then what is the remainder when (p + q) is divided by 7?

A. 6q – p = 5 B. 8q + p = 45

28. b

From Statement A:

6q – p = 5

p = 6q – 5

p + q = 7q – 5

(7q – 5) when divided by 7 leaves remainder 2.

This statement alone is sufficient to answer the question.

From Statement B:

8q + p = 45

p = 45 – 8q

p + q = 45 – 7q

(45 – 7q) when divided by 7 leaves remainder 3.

This statement alone is sufficient to answer the question.

Unp 14

2. In a class of 57 students, each student plays at least one of the three games –

Hockey, Cricket and Football. If 27 play Hockey, 28 play Cricket, 32 play Football and 8 play all

the three games, what is the number of students who play exactly two games ?

(a) 13 (b) 14 (c) 15 (d) 16

2. b

Let x, y and z be the number of students who play exactly one, two and three

games respectively. Then, x + y + z = 57 x + y = 49 ……………. (i)

(Given, z = 8)

Also, x + 2y + 3z = 27 + 28 + 32

x + 2y = 87 – 24

x + 2y = 63 ………….. (ii)

Solving (i) and (ii), we get y = 14.

Hence, the number of students in the class who play exacly two games = 14

Unp 14

6. If ‘C’ is a positive integer, how many three-digit numbers ‘abc’ are there such

that both ‘abc’ and ‘cba’ are divisible by 4?

(a) 40 (b) 30 (c) 34 (d) None of these

6. a

For a number to be divisible by4, the last two digits should be divisible by 4.

Therefore, ‘bc’ and ‘ba’ should be divisible by 4 sim ultaneously.

If b is even, then both a and ca can take two value – 4 or 8. If b is odd, then

both a and c can take two values -2 or 6.

Hence, for any value of b, there will be 4 numbers.

As there are 10 ways (0-9) to choose b, the total such numbers = 4 10 = 40.

Mark the answer using the following instructions:

Mark (a) if the question can be answered by using statement B alone, but not by using statement A

alone.

Mark (b) if the question can be answered by using statement A alone, but not by using statement B

alone.

Mark (c) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together, but cannot be

answered by using either statement alone.

Mark (d) if the question cannot be answered even by using both the statements together.

Q.

If ‘n’ is a natural number less than 10, is the number N = nnnn.….nnnn divisible by 11?

A . N i s of t h e f o r m ( 6 k + 5 ) .

B . N c o n s i s t s o f ( 2 p - 6) digits, where p is a natural number greater than 3.

7. a

From Statement A: We cannot determine if N is divisible by 11 or not. Therefore, Statement A alone

is not sufficient. From Statement B: any number with identical digits is divisible by 11 if the number of

digits is even. The number of digits in N is (2p – 6), which is even. Therefore, N is divisible by 11.

Hence, Statement B alone is sufficient to answer the question.

1 1 1

8. I f x, y a n d z a r e n a t u r a l n u m b er s s u c h t h a t x < y < z a n d = 1,

x y z

How many values can ‘y’ take?

(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) None of these

8. b

1 1 1

It is obvious that x 1 as >1.

x y z

1 1 1 1 1 1

= <1.

x y z 3 4 5

T h er ef or e , x = 2

1 1 1

x z 2

N o w, y h a s t o b e 3 s i n c e if y 3, t h e n t h e m a xi m u m va l u e of

1 1 1 1 1

y z 4 5 2

T h er ef or e , z = 6

H e n c e , o n l y o n e va l u e of ‘ y’ i s p o s s i b l e

Unp 14

20. For how many of the first 300 even natural numbers is the total number of

factors even ?

(a) 88 (b) 276 (c) 288 (d) 90

20. c All the naturals that have an odd numbers of factors are perfect square and

vice versa. Out of the first 300 even natural numbers, there are 12 perfect square i.e.

4, 16, 36, 64, 100, 144, 196, 256, 324, 400, 484 and 576. Hence, there are 300 – 12

= 288 numbers among the first 300 even natural numbers that have an even number

of factors.

23. A number N = 5x y is the product of twenty consecutive three-digit numbers. If x and y are positive

integers, what is the maximum possible value of x?

23. b

Since 625 contains the highest power of 5 among all the three-digit numbers,

625 must be one of the twenty numbers. In any group of twenty consecutive

number including 625, there will be three other multiples of 5. Hence, the

maximum possible value of ‘X’ = 4 + 3 = 7.

Unp 14

26. What is the sum of all the five-digit numbers that can be formed by arranging the digits 2,

3, 4, 5 and6, using each digit once and only once?

(a) 5333280 (b) 3333390 (c)6999390 (d) 5666901

26. a

There will be 5! = 120 such numbers. In these 120 numbers, each of 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

appear at units place exactly 20 times. The sum of all digits at units place

= 24 2 + 24 3 + 24 4 + 24 5 + 24 6 = 24 20 = 480.

Same will be true for tens digit, hundreds digit, thousands digit and ten thousands digit

as well.

The sum of all such numbers = ( 480 10000 + 480 100 + 480 10 + 480 1)

= 5333280

Note: We could have used the formula (given below) for finding the sum of all the

numbers that can be formed by using ‘n’ distinct digits without repetition.

(n – 1)! (111…n times) sum of n digits.

Unp 15

10. If (24) is a factor of 5! X 10! X 15! , what is the largest possible integer value of

k?

(a) 5 (b) 7 (c) 11 (d) 4

10. b In order to find the maximum possible value of k, we have to calculate the

highest power of 24 ( = x 3)in 5! x 10! x 15!

=[ ]=[ ]=7

H.C.F. How many ordered triplets ( , ) are possible?

the H.C.F. of the three numbers.

∴ Xh x yh x zh = 12 x h

→ x x x y x z = 12

Case (1): h = 1

x x y x z = 12 = 1 x 1 x 12 = 1 x 2 x 6 =1 x 3 x4 = 2 x 2 x 3

Case (2) h = 2

Xxyxz=3=1x1x3

14. The mean, median and mode temperature of the seven days of a particular

week in a city were 5.429 (approximately), and respectively. If the

temperature (i ) on each of the seven days was a positive integer, than which

of the following could not be the temperature (i ) on any of the seven days?

(The data set contains only one mode)

d, 9 and 9.

a + b + c + d = 13

9

Unp 15

24. Which of the following numbers cannot be expressed as the product of two

prime numbers that lie between 30 and 45?

24. c The prime numbers between 30 and 45 are 31, 37, 41 and 43. Therefore, all

the possible pairs of the numbers are (31, 37); (31, 41); (31, 41); (37, 43) and (41,

43). Thus, thus possible products can be 1147, 1271, 1333, 1517, 1591, and 1763.

Alternate solution:

It could have been observed that the last digit of the product of any two prime

numbers between 30 and 45 cannot be 9.

28. if f(n) represents the sum of the digit (s) of n for n = 1,2 , 3, 4,….., find the

remainder when f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) +….+ F(100) is divided by 90.

28.a while writing the first 99 natural numbers, each of the nine digits ( 1, 2, 3,

……, 9) is used exactly 20 times.

Direction for question 29 and 30: Answer the question on the basis of the

information given below.

Unp 16

11. N = 2.xxyxxyxxy…, where at most one of the digits x and y is 0. Which of the following

numbers, when multiplied by N, necessarily results in an integer?

(a) 198 (b) 666 (c) 990 (d) 1998

11. d

N 2.xxyxxyxxy... 1000N2xxy.xxyxxy...

Therefore, 999 × N = 2xxy – 2.

2xxy 2

999

Hence, N must be multiplied by 1998, as 1998 is a multiple of 999.

21 25

15. What is the unit digit of + 7 14 + 4 15 ?

(a) 3 (b) 5 (c) 7 (d) 9

15. b

We know that the cyclicity of the unit digit of 7 is 4

and that of 4 is 2.

21 4k p .

We can express 7 14 as 7

Now, 4k + p = 14

21 .

1421 ( 2) 21 (4)10 2

So the value of p = Rem = = Rem = Rem 0

4 4 4

21 4k

Therefore, the unit digit of 7 14 = 7 will be 1.

1525

Similarly, the unit digit of 4 will be 4.

25

) will be (1 + 4) = 5.

Unp 16

20. How many natural numbers are factors of at least one of 614, 1012 and 1520?

(a) 835 (b) 834 (c) 794 (d) 795

20. d

614 = 214 × 314; 1012 = 212 × 512; 1520 = 320 × 520

The number of factors of 614 = (14 + 1)(14 + 1) = 225

The number of factors of 1012 = (12 + 1)(12 + 1) = 169

The number of factors of 1520 = (20 + 1)(20 + 1) = 441

Among the three, the lowest power of 2 is 12, that of

3 is 14 and that of 5 is 12.

212 has 13, 314 has 15 and 512 has 13 factors and they have 1 as their common divisor.

Hence, the total number of factors = 225 + 169 + 441 – 13 – 15 – 13 + 1 = 795.

21. Avnish counted the digits used to number the pages of a book and found that the total

number of digits used was 3441. Find the number of pages in the book.

(a) 1128 (b) 1137 (c) 1413 (d) None of these

21. b

From pages 1 to 9, 9 digits were used.

From pages 10 to 99, a total of 2 × 90 = 180 digits were used.

From pages 100 to 999, a total of 3 × 900 = 2700 digits were used.

There were 3441 – (9 + 180 + 2700) = 552 digits remaining,

552

which would have = 138 pages.

4

Hence, the total number of pages = 9 + 90 + 900 + 138 = 1137.

Unp 16

4

25. Find the value of

2 5

1

10

1

52

1

52

(a) −4 5 (b) 8 (c) 5+ 5 (d) None of these

25. b

4 4

= =

2 5 2 5

1 1

10 10

1 1

1

52

1

5 2

2

52

5 22

4 4 4

= = =

2 5 2 5 2 5

1 1 1

10 4 5 2

1

10 4 5 10 4 5 2 5

4 4

= = = 8.

(2 5 )( 2 5 ) 1 1

1

2 2

26. A table of ‘n’ rows and ‘n’ columns is created such that the value of the cell in the ith row

and the jth column is given by (i + 1) + j. Some numbers are selected from the table. If it

is found that exactly one number has been selected from each row and each column,

then the sum of the selected numbers will be equal to

n(n 1)

(a) n2 + 1 (b) (c) n(n + 2) (d) n(n + 1)

2

26. c

One number is selected from each row. Let us say in row one, the number is picked from

column jn, in row two the number is picked from column jn–1 and so on.

So all the numbers in the set will be 1 + jn + 1, 2 + jn–1 + 1, 3 + jn–2 + 1,…, i + jn–i+1 +1,…,

n + j1 + 1.

Sum of all the elements of any such set

Alternate solution:

Consider a 1 × 1 table. The only value in the table is (1 + 1) + 1 = 3.

Putting n = 1 in all the options, only n(n + 2) gives the value as 3.

27. From the first ‘n’ consecutive natural numbers written on a blackboard, one of the

2

numbers is removed. If the average of the remaining numbers is 32 , then find the

9

number removed.

(a) 50 (b) 64 (c) 46 (d) None of these

27. a

Let a number ‘x’ be removed from the first n consecutive natural numbers written on the

blackboard.

We know that the maximum decrease in the average of the first ‘n’ natural numbers can

be caused by removing ‘n’ and minimum decrease (or maximum increase) in the same

average can be caused by removing 1.

n < 64.44 < (n+2)

n = 63 or 64

Therefore, n = 64.

n(n 1) 64 65

x x

2 2 2 290

32

(n 1) 9 (64 1) 9

x = 32 × 65 – 290 × 7 = 50.

Alternate solution:

1 1

Maximum change in the average can be of or , therefore ‘n’ should be either 63

2 2

n

or 64. It can also be seen that the average of the first ‘n’ natural numbers is close to

2

will be an integer, (n – 1) should be a multiple of 9.

Therefore, n = 64.

n(n 1) 64 65

x x

2 2 2 290

32

(n 1) 9 (64 1) 9

x = 32 × 65 – 290 × 7 = 50.

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