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Hydraulic System

R210LC-9

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Pump Assembly
Pi1=Neg. Control
Pm1=Flow Cut Off

Regulator 1

Regulator 2

Pi2=Neg. Control

Pm2=Flow Cut Off

EPPR Pressure

EPPR Valve 35 bar

P1 Front P2 Rear Pilot Pump


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1. Main Pump R210LC-9

1-1. Hydraulic circuit

Pi1 Pi2

Horsepower
Control Function

Flow Control
Function

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R210LC-9

Pi1 P1 P2 Pi2

1)P1,P2 : Main Pump

2)Pi1,Pi2 : Positive
control

3)Psv : EPPR V/V

▶ ◀

P1 P2

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R210LC-9
Pi pressure-1

Low

High
pressure

No work

Low

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R210LC-9
Pi pressure-2

High

Low
pressure

Work

High

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1-2. Check Valve R210LC-9

Pi1 Pi2

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2. Pump Regulator R210LC-9

2-1. Function-1

1) Horsepower control function


(negative system)

Power Shift Control


Pump self pressure and
the other Pump Pressure

2) Flow Control Function


(Posi-Nega Flow Control)

(Pi1,Pi2) Control
Qmax cut-off EPPR Control

Horsepower
control part Flow Control
Part

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2-2. Function-2 R210LC-9

1) Horsepower Control Function 2) Flow Control Function


(Negative Control) (Posi-Nega Flow Control)

- Pi pressure and Max. Flow cut EPPR. Control


- P1, P2, Pf Control

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2-3. Regulator Circuit and Structure R210LC-9

Pi Outer spring Inner spring


Pf
P2
P1

Pf (EPPR) P2 P1 Drain

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2-4. Horsepower Control (Negative Flow Control) R210LC-9
2-4-1. Overload protecting function When P1,P2 pressure rise up, compensation piston begins to push
the rod balancing with spring force. When the hydraulic pressure
exceeds the spring force, then hydraulic oil will be supplied to large
chamber of servo piston and the pump discharge rate will be reduced.

Cylinder Pressure Spring Force

(Discharge rate Decrease)


Pf

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Q

rpm
? HP ∝ P X Q

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2-4-2. Recovery of flow R210LC-9
When P1,P2 pressure decrease, the spring force pushing the
compensation piston rod exceeds the hydraulic pressure and shifts
the compensation piston. Then large chamber of servo piston is
connected to tank, that makes pump discharge rate increase.

Cylinder Pressure Spring Force


(Discharge rate Increase)
Pf

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2-4-3. Adjustment of power


Screw clockwise (Flow ↑)


Screw
Counterclockwise
(Flow ↓)
① Adjustment of 1st power
- Release lock nut of 36mm
Screw clockwise (Flow ↑) - Adjust screw of 24mm

② Adjustment of 2nd power


- Release lock nut of 13mm
Screw counter clockwise (Flow ↓) - Adjust rectangle screw

Pressure

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2-5. Flow Control Function (Negative Control Function) R210LC-7A

2-5-1. Flow decrease


- RCV Lever neutral and fine control
Pi increase

Pf
P2

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2-5-2. P-Q Graph (Relation between Pi and Flow) R210LC-7A

Pilot flow control Screw

Screw : Counter clockwise (Flow ↓)

Screw : Clockwise (Flow ↑)


Pi1,Pi2

Flow control by controlling negative pressure (Pi1,Pi2).

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2-6. Flow Control Function (Posi-Nega Control Function) R210LC-9

2-6-1. Flow Increase


- Operating Attachment

Pi increase

Pf
P2

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2-6-2. Flow Control when operating RCV lever (Relief) R210LC-9

When any of main spools is changed over, the bypass circuit is cut off. The posi-nega conversion valve spool
is not shifted. At this time, “PH” pressure discharged from “P3” pump will flow to regulator “Pi1” passing
through posi-nega conversion valve and shuttle valve. That will make pump discharge rate increase.

Pi2
(Pump)

Pi1
(Pump)

PH Dr1 CENTER BYPASS

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2-6-3. Posi-Nega Conversion Valve when RCV Lever is positioned at full position (Relief) R210LC-9

MCV Center
bypass

Pi1
(Pump)
Low pressure can’t
shift the Spool.

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2-6-4. Flow decrease R210LC-9

- RCV Lever neutral and fine control

Pi decrease
Pf
P2

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2-6-5. Flow Control when RCV lever is in neutral position R210LC-9

When hydraulic oil passing through the center bypass line increases, the posi-nega conversion valve spool
moves to the left side. At this time, oil discharged from P3 pump will be blocked and Pc1 will be connected
to the drain line, “Dr1”, it makes Pp11 line pressure lower and controls pump discharge flow rate to its
minimum value.

PH Dr1 CENTER BYPASS

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2-6-6. Posi-Nega Conversion Valve when RCV lever is in the neutral position R210LC-9

PC SPOOL shifted
Pi1 to the left
(Pump)

PH Dr P

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2-6-7. Posi-Nega Valve R210LC-9

MCV Center
bypass

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Pilot Pressure and Discharge Rate Curve R210LC-9

Q
Posi-Nega

Negative

Pilot Pressure(bar)
5-9 16-19

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2-6-8. P-Q Graph (Relation between Pi and Flow)

Pilot flow control Screw

Screw : Counter clockwise (Flow ↑)

Screw : Clockwise (Flow ↓)


Pi1,Pi2

Flow control by controlling negative pressure (Pi1,Pi2).

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3. Pf (Power shift control by EPPR valve
3-1. Current and Voltage each Mode

According to the mode, CPU sends EPPR valve the variable current value. So, swash plate angle is changed.

Eppr v/v pressure and current value by each mode

R210LC-9

R290LC-9

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Q

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Center
27
3-2. P-Q Curve R210LC-9

R210LC-9 P-Q curve


2
240 1900rpm, Pf=0(kgf/cm )
2
1900rpm, Pf=2.5(kgf/cm )
220 2
1700rpm, Pf=8(kgf/cm )
200 1700rpm, Pf=13(kgf/cm )
2

180
160
140
Q (lpm)

120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
P (Mpa)

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3-3. E/G RPM recovery by EPPR valve R210LC-9

E/G PUMP

rpm EPPR
Unload: 1,950rpm
Initial:
↓ 185mA, 2.5kg/cm2
load : 1,900rpm

EPPR increase

P
CPU
S
cluster
Page 29
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4. MCV R210LC-9
4-1. Spool Position-1

⑥ ① TRAVEL STRAIGHT SPOOL


⑦ ② TRAVEL LIFT SPOOL
⑨⑧
③ BOOM-1 SPOOL

② ④ BUCKET SPOOL
⑩ ③ ⑤ ARM-2 SPOOL
⑪ ④ ⑭
⑥ TRAVEL RIGHT
⑫ ⑤
⑭ ⑦ SWING SPOOL
⑧ SWING PRIORITY SPOOL
⑨ BOOM 2 SPOOL

⑮ ⑩ OPTION SPOOL
⑪ ARM 1 SPOOL
⑫ BYPASS CUT SPOOL
⑬ BYPASS CUT SPOOL
⑭ HOLDING VALVE
⑮ ARM2 LOGIC VALVE

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4-2. Spool Position-2 R210LC-9

(31) Swing Logic Valve


(32) Arm-Port Relief Valve

(37)(36) Posi-Nega Valve

(35) Arm Logic Valve


(32)
(34) (34) 2-Stage Option Port Relief Valve

(35) (33) Option Port Relief Valve


(36)
(31)

(33)

(37)

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4-3. Spool Position-3 R210LC-9

Px : Attachment Auto Idle Switch


Py : Travel Auto Idle Switch

(41) : Bucket Limit Stroke

Py Px

PG
(41)

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4-4. Sensor Position-3 R210LC-9

Sensors Position Pilot Control


Swing, Boom Up, Arm In/O ut/Bucket In
: 50k, 3EA

Auto Idle Signal Px , Py


(The Lateral Face of MCV)
: 50k, 2EA

Positiv e Control Pc1 & Pc2


: 100k, 2EA

Main Pump P1 & P2


: 500k, 2EA

Pilot Pump P3
: 50k, 1EA

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4-5. Pressure Sensor Specification
(Output Signal vs Pressure)
(Electrical Signal from Pressure Switch ●
to CPU)
50 bar Pressure Sensor ●
V
( P/NO : 31Q8-40520 ) (Voltage)

bar


100 bar Pressure Sensor V
( P/NO : 31Q8-40510 ) (Voltage) voltage

bar


500 bar Pressure Sensor V
(Voltage) ●
( P/NO : 31Q8-40500 )
bar

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4-6. Main Port-1

Pc2 N2 N1 Pc1

Ba
PIs

Ao Bo

Dr1 XB2

As Bs

Atr Btr

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4-7. Check Valve Position-1

LCa

LCo

CCb XB2

LCs

CP1

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4-8. Main Port-2

Aa(Load)

R2

Ak
Bk

Ab
Bb

Btl
Py Atl
Pz Py
PX PO
PG
PX

PG

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4-9. Check Valve Position-2

LCAP2
LCAT2
CRa

LCk

LCb

CRb
C2
Py

CMR2 CMR1 Pz
PX
PG

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4-10. Pilot Port-1

PCV1 XBp1

BaR XAa1 XAa2


Xbk

BoR XAo Pck BkR

Psp XAb1 BbR


DR2
XAs XBtl

XBtr PTa

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4-11. Pilot Port-2

Pss

XBp2 PCV2
AaR PH
XBa2 XBa1
Pp Dr3
AR

AkR Xak XBo Pd


AoR
AbR
XBb1 XAb2

XAtl XBs
MR
XAtr

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4-12. P1, P2, R1 Position
P3,P4,P5 -> Plug
d1,d2,d3 -> drain

P1 d1 d2 d3

P3 P2

R1

P4

CCk CCo

P5

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4-13. Port Name

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5. Boom up *Shuttle R210LC-9

*AM2 logic

BK
IN

*Stroke limiter

BM2

BM1

Boom Up has priority over


swing/arm/bucket operation
- swing logic v/v
- arm 2 logic v/v
주행직진
- bucket-in stroke limiter

P1 P2
6. Boom Priority Function (Swing Logic Valve ) R210LC-9

Swing logic valve is for boom priority when Boom up & Swing are operated simultaneously. The swing logic valve does not
move in single swing operation.

Manual : Fixed boom priority function


Auto : Pressure sensors sense the pilot pressure of boom up & swing. MCU
sends the current to boom priority EPPR valve. Then, swing logic spool moves
according to boom priority pilot pressure

Boom1
spool
Boom 2 Swing priority

Swing Logic

P1

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6-1. Electric Circuit for Boom Priority R210LC-9

BOOM
MCU
XAb1 XAb2 CN 53-9
Boom Priority EPPR +
CN 53-19
Boom Priority EPPR -
CN 51-2
BATT’ POWER 24V

CN 52-23
BOOM UP PnS
PRESSURE
CN 51-5 (MCV)
GND. PRESSURE

CN 52-24
SWING PRESSURE
XBs XAs
SWING
Psp


P3

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6-2. Swing logic valve operation
Boom2

Swing spool
Swing priority
To/From
cylinder
Pns

Swing
Swing logic

P1 bypass passage P1 parallel passage


Pns
Pns

When boom priority pressure(Pns) is applied to


swing logic valve, P1 parallel passage toward Pns Pns
swing spool is restricted.
So, boom up operation has priority over swing
operation.

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7. Boom down operation R210LC-9

From cylinder
Check Valve is installed inside the spool for make up To cylinder
function (Boom Regeneration)

Cavitation is prevented by supplying the return oil


from the check valve to supply line when the speed
of boom down is faster than that by the oil supplied to Boom1
large chamber of boom cylinder

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8. Arm in Operation R210LC-9

암1
암2

암2로직
암재생 암재생cut
해제sol

P3

P1 P2

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9. Arm regeneration R210LC-9
Arm speed control in the cluster
On : Power of A4 solenoid will be off. So, Arm regeneration will be started when “pis” is given up.

Off : A4 solenoid will be operated. So, Are regeneration will be given up when oil flow to “pis”

Posi-Nega V/V

Dr1

Arm CYL.
Arm CYL. Small chamber
Large chamber

XBa1

XAa1

Arm Regeneration spool

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9-1. Arm regeneration operation R210LC-9
From cylinder
To cylinder
Check valve P2
Arm1 spool

Arm1

Arm P2
regen cut

P1 bypass
P1 P1 parallel
Pis
Hole
Arm regen. cut
spool
Pis

Arm regen.

Arm
Regen. cut

Pis

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10. Swing Operation R210LC-9

암1
암2

암2로직

Swing motor

RCV lever

P3

P1

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11. Swing Priority Valve R210LC-9

Boom2

If you operate swing, pilot pressure will be supplied


to “Psp”. Then, swing priority spool will be moved Swing priority
over and hydraulic oil is supplied to swing motor Swing
preferentially. motor

Swing
Swing logic

P1 bypass passage P1 parallel passage

Boom-up Swing pilot


pilot pressure pressure (Psp)

Boom2 spool Swing priority valve

To Boom 1 spool P1 parallel passage


(Boom confluence) P1 (To Arm1/Option spool)

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12. Arm 2 Logic Valve R210LC-9

X
When Boom up is operated, arm2 logic valve blocks the oil flow
from P2 pump to the arm cylinder.

Arm2
Combined operation of boom up and arm
Arm2
logic
Boom up
pilot

Boom1

P2 parallel

Boom up pilot

PnA2
X

P2

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12-1. The Position of Arm 2 Logic Valve

PnA2 Dr7

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12-2. ARM-2 Spool Pilot Port
When an operator operates Arm in or Swing, it carry out positive control through “Pp”

XAa2 Arm out confluence Pilot

XBa2 Arm in confluence Pilot

Pp To “Pc1”->pump regulator

Pss Swing pilot signal


Pss
Pss

XBa2
Pp XBa2

Pp

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13. Bucket in operation R210LC-9

Bypass
cut

암재생 암재생cut
해제sol

P1 P2

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13-1. Bucket-In confluence R210LC-9

To/From
P cylinder
Bypass cut2 Bucket spool
Tank off spool
BK-in
pilot
BK-in
pilot

P2 bypass

P1 bypass P2 parallel
P1 bypass

Tank

BK-in pilot P2

Bypass cut spool 1


P1 bypass
BK-in pilot

Bucket conflux passage

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14. Bucket Stroke Limiter R210LC-9

During the combined operation of boom-up and bucket-in, Cylinder

boom-up pilot pressure moves the bucket spool to half stroke, Stroke limiter
Bucket spool
not full stroke.
Bucket in
Flow to bucket cylinder is reduced and P2 pump oil is supplied pilot

to boom cylinder preferentially.


Boom up
pilot (Pck)

Boom up pilot
(Pck)
Bucket-in
pilot Stroke limiter spool

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14-1. The Position of Bucket Stroke Limiter

Xbk
Xbk

Pck

Pck

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15. Option Attachment R210LC-9

15-1. Breaker Mode

At breaker mode, CPU allows the current to ATT’ Flow Control EPPR V/V to reduce the oil flow up to 7 Step.

Max 7 step, reduced 10 lpm each step

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15-2. Crusher Mode R210LC-9

At crusher mode, CPU will send the current to ATT’ Flow Control EPPR V/V and reduces the delivered flow to
maximum 4 step.

210 bar → 280 bar

Max 4 step, reduced 20 lpm each step

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15-3. Hyd. circuit

Pi1

Bypass
cut

① Option Att’ Safety sol.


② Option Att’ pressure sol.
③ Option Att’ conflux sol.
④ Option Att’ flow control v/v
⑤ 2-Stage option relief v/v

P1 P2

① ② ③ ①


Option
pedal ④

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16. Straight Travel Function

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16-1. Straight Travel Valve(1) R210LC-9

선회우선

“SH”
swing
parking brake
P1 P2
PG

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16-1. Straight Travel Valve(2) R210LC-9

선회우선

P1 P2
PG

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16-3. The position of straight travel straight circuit valve & orifice.

Py

PX
PG

d1 d2 d3

P3 P2

R1
4mm

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17. Pressure Sensor R210LC-9

선회우선

“SH”
swing
parking brake
P1 P2
PG
When travel and work equipments are not operated with other requirements, auto ilde is activated

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18. Holding Valve
Holding Valve is applied both Boom down and Arm In

Pal : Arm holding release pilot port Pbl :Boom holding release pilot port
CBa : Arm holding Check v/v CBb : Boom holding Check v/v

Pal
CRa

Pbl
CRb

CRa CRb

Holding release pilot port Check v/v Large chamber


From CYL. Chamber (Boom->Large ,Arm->Small) Dr3(drain)

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18-1. Holding Condition R210LC-9

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18-2. Holding Release R210LC-9

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