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EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance to Port Authorities & Administrations

ESSF Plenary – 9th Session

Ricardo Batista/ Project Officer


Marine Environment & Capacity Building
Brussels, 1 June 2018
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?

Key Challenges

2
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

• EMSA Guidance on LNG Bunkering to Port


Authorities & Administrations.
• Development, Evaluation and Control of LNG
Bunkering
• Non-binding collection of good practice
recommendations in support of EU Member
States.
• Support in the implementation of Directive
2014/94 (Alternative Fuel Infrastructure)
• Bringing LNG Bunkering closer to Port
Also available at : Regulations development.
http://www.emsa.europa.eu/main/air-pollution/alternative-fuels.html
• Open document – Promoting continuous update
of LNG Bunkering Good Practice.
3
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

4
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

Scope & Applicability

5
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

Methane Release Mitigation


Bunkering Hoses Purge & Cool- START Bunkering STOP Bunkering Drain Bunkering Bunkering Hoses
Connection Inerting Ox down with LNG Transfer Top-Up Transfer lines Inerting NG Disconnection
Vapour

§ Following § Inerting of § Also known as § With cold lines and § As the receiving ship § Once ensure no LNG § Drainage of § Inert the LNG § Bunkering hoses
in Objective/Description

preliminary checks bunkering lines to Gassing-up, or gas tanks both tank is filled and is in the bunkering bunkering lines to bunker lines to disconnected after
(see section 12, displace oxygen filling. bunkering/transfer aproaching its full lines transfer is allow all liquid LNG prevent a flammable confirmation of <2%
bunkering hoses from inside of the § Can be done with sides at similar conditon the rate stopped. to be displaced out gas mixture from methane in volume
are connected. bunkering line – to vapour purge line or temperatures, the must be reduced § ESD shall not be of the bunkering line accumulating in the inside the bunkering
§ Main transfer hoses avoid formation of with small volumes bunkering begins. and the pressure used to stop into RSO tank. pipes or hose. lines.
and vapour return explosive of new LNG constantly bunkering transfer § LNG to vaporize in § Nitrogen typically
hoses can be atmosphere monitored. the lines while the used
§ Allows thermal
considered § Inert Gas used shock to be avoided § Procedure to be valves leading to the § Also known as
agreed between BFO ship’s fuel tank are “Purging”
and RSO. left open
When Procedure complete

Air
Temperature Contents
the hose

Warm LNG/ LNG (nitrogen remain


Air Inert Gas (nitrogen) LNG liquid LNG liquid LNG vapour LNG vapour Inert Gas (nitrogen)
Vapour inerting the RSO bunker
line)

Ambient Warm LNG Warm LNG


Ambient LNG LNG LNG vapour Ambient Ambient
(just above -160ºC) (just above -160ºC)

§ No potential § No potential § Potential for § Potential for § Methane release can § Potential for § Liquid LNG in the § Operation with the § Methane release to
methane release methane release methane release if methane release if occur if filling rate is methane release bunkering line to highest potential for the atmosphere is
connections are not connections are not not adjusted/ due to overpressure vaporize onto RSO methane release. possible if gas
Methane release

tight. tight. reduced when the in the bunkering tank. § When displacing reading confirmation
§ Potential pressure tank filling is above transfer line § If pressure in RSO LNG vapour from <2% methane has not
Potential for

increase if RSO tank 90% (trapped volume) tank exceeded (by the bunkering lines been properly done.
not cold enough § Tank overfilling § Potential for release excess of LNG with nitrogen there
Environmental Risk Assessment

(leading to PRV leading to PRV is higher if ESD is vapour) PRV may be is the risk of sending
release) release used to stop released. mixture to the
bunkering. atmosphere.

§ Bunkering hoses to § Check connections § Check connections § Start bunkering § BFO and RSO to § Valve from the RSO § Drain procedure to § BFO and RSO should § Careful
be properly for leakages. for leakages. transfer only when agree on a top-up to remain open for be properly agree how to measurement of
connected. § Where any leak is § Where any leak is temperatures are rate. draining - purging. controlled. properly manage methane
§ Standard QC/DC to suspected, stop suspected, stop checked and § Carefull monitoring § Control required § Ensure maximum and dispose of the concentration before
agreed for stable remaining NG and disconnecting hoses.
Methane Release Mitigating

be used Inerting for coo-down for of pressure and from BFO to ensure LNG is drained in
tightening/repair. tightening/repair. transfer. tank level that supply tank liquid form, N2 so that no § Repeat Inerting
§ Flanges inspected methane release
before connection § Pressure test § Pressure test § Check carefully throughout remains at minimizing the need procedure if
pressure at the bunkering transfer. adequate to vapourize. occurs. concentration is
for dirt, moisture bunkering line bunkering line and
or condensations inert. receiving § Do not use ESD for temperature and § Straighten “U” § NG/N2 mixture to >2%.
automatic sut-down pressure. shapes in the hose be either
by high tank level to avoid LNG compressed back to
accumulations proper BFO tank, or
VAPOUR MANAGEMENT consumed in GCU.
- Vapour management should be agreed between BFO and RSO, in strict observation of PAA
Measure

requirements on this matter.


- Options: 1) accumulated in the RSO tank as NG compressed on top of the tank; 2) Top-spray
filling to reduce pressure; 3) Vapour return lines for BOG collection by BFO; 4) GCU (BFO or
RSO) or 5) re-liquefaction on either side

6
LNG Bunkering Bunkering Hoses Inerting Ox
Purge & Cool-
down with LNG START Bunkering Top-Up STOP Bunkering Drain Bunkering Inerting NG Bunkering Hoses
Connection Transfer Transfer lines Disconnection
Guidance on LNG Bunkering to Port Authorities/ Administrations Vapour
Finalization
§ Following - Update toof8th ESSF
§ Inerting Plenary
§ Also known as § With cold lines and § As the receiving ship § Once ensure no LNG § Drainage of § Inert the LNG § Bunkering hoses
Contents in Objective/Description

preliminary checks bunkering lines to Gassing-up, or gas tanks both tank is filled and is in the bunkering bunkering lines to bunker lines to disconnected after
(see section 12, displace oxygen filling. bunkering/transfer aproaching its full lines transfer is allow all liquid LNG prevent a flammable confirmation of <2%
Plan Update
bunkering hoses
are connected.
from inside of the
bunkering line – to
Developing Context
§ Can be done with sides at similar Challenges
conditon the rate stopped. Guidance
to be displaced out gas mixture from Ahead
methane in volume
vapour purge line or temperatures, the must be reduced § ESD shall not be of the bunkering line accumulating in the inside the bunkering
§ Main transfer hoses avoid formation of with small volumes bunkering begins. and the pressure used to stop into RSO tank. pipes or hose. lines.
A. General
and vapour return B.explosive
Governance
atmosphere
C.
of new LNG Risk & Safety D.monitored.
Organization
constantly bunkeringE.transfer
Bunkering
§ LNG to vaporize § Nitrogen typically G.
F.inEmergency Certification
hoses can be § Allows thermal the lines while the used
considered § Inert Gas used shock to be avoided § Procedure to be valves leading to the § Also known as
agreed between BFO ship’s fuel tank are “Purging”
and RSO. left open
When Procedure complete

Air
the hose

Warm LNG/ LNG (nitrogen remain


Air Inert Gas (nitrogen) LNG liquid LNG liquid LNG vapour LNG vapour Inert Gas (nitrogen)
Vapour inerting the RSO bunker
line)
Temperature

Ambient Warm LNG Warm LNG


Ambient LNG LNG LNG vapour Ambient Ambient
(just above -160ºC) (just above -160ºC)

§ No potential § No potential § Potential for § Potential for § Methane release can § Potential for § Liquid LNG in the § Operation with the § Methane release to
methane release methane release methane release if methane release if occur if filling rate is methane release bunkering line to highest potential for the atmosphere is
connections are not connections are not not adjusted/ due to overpressure vaporize onto RSO methane release. possible if gas
Methane release

tight. tight. reduced when the in the bunkering tank. § When displacing reading confirmation
§ Potential pressure tank filling is above transfer line § If pressure in RSO LNG vapour from <2% methane has not
Potential for

increase if RSO tank 90% (trapped volume) tank exceeded (by the bunkering lines been properly done.
not cold enough § Tank overfilling § Potential for release excess of LNG with nitrogen there
Environmental Risk Assessment

(leading to PRV leading to PRV is higher if ESD is vapour) PRV may be is the risk of sending
release) release used to stop released. mixture to the
bunkering. atmosphere.

§ Bunkering hoses to § Check connections § Check connections § Start bunkering § BFO and RSO to § Valve from the RSO § Drain procedure to § BFO and RSO should § Careful
be properly for leakages. for leakages. transfer only when agree on a top-up to remain open for be properly agree how to measurement of
connected. § Where any leak is § Where any leak is temperatures are rate. draining - purging. controlled. properly manage methane
§ Standard QC/DC to suspected, stop suspected, stop checked and § Carefull monitoring § Control required § Ensure maximum and dispose of the concentration before
agreed for stable remaining NG and disconnecting hoses.
Methane Release Mitigating

be used Inerting for coo-down for of pressure and from BFO to ensure LNG is drained in
tightening/repair. tightening/repair. transfer. tank level that supply tank liquid form, N2 so that no § Repeat Inerting
§ Flanges inspected
before connection § Pressure test § Pressure test § Check carefully throughout remains at minimizing the need methane release procedure if
pressure at the bunkering transfer. adequate to vapourize. occurs. concentration is
for dirt, moisture bunkering line bunkering line and
or condensations inert. receiving § Do not use ESD for temperature and § Straighten “U” § NG/N2 mixture to >2%.
automatic sut-down pressure. shapes in the hose be either
by high tank level to avoid LNG compressed back to
accumulations proper BFO tank, or
VAPOUR MANAGEMENT consumed in GCU.
- Vapour management should be agreed between BFO and RSO, in strict observation of PAA
Measure

requirements on this matter.


- Options: 1) accumulated in the RSO tank as NG compressed on top of the tank; 2) Top-spray
filling to reduce pressure; 3) Vapour return lines for BOG collection by BFO; 4) GCU (BFO or
RSO) or 5) re-liquefaction on either side
7
-
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE HAVING A GO
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

8
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance LNG Bunkering/ Small Scale Project Lower or Upper Upper
to Port Authorities & Administrations tier ?

Lower Keep classification – Safety Report to be


Is the proposed Y produced by BFO SHALL take into account
INTRO SEVESO?
LNG BUNKERING
location already GUIDANCE
Check inventories for Hazardous Substances, WHAT NEXT?
existing Hazardous Substances inventories,
Safety Report and Emergency Plans
including maxium expected quantities of LNG on one
N particular location – Evaluate according to A –
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification
Check details for the LNG bunkering facility to determine the relevant regulatory framework
LNG Bunkering – Onsite Storage – Regulatory Context

1 A B
With re- With onsite LNG With no LNG onsite
liquefaction plant storage storage

4 Multiple Truck-to-Ship 5 6 Truck-to-Ship 7Ship-to-Ship moored


Truck-to-Ship
Bunkering via common bunkering direct (STS_m)
3 LNG ISO manifold
bunkering (TTS)
onboard (TTS_d)
containers stored
before plugging in

2
No re-liquefaction

C 8 Pipeline-to-Ship
LNG bunker pier/ With onsite temporary
barge alongside LNG storage

9 10
Temporary lay over of
LNG Trailer

E
D Shore Side LNG 12 LNG Truck/Trailer At Anchor
Energy fuelling operation
11 Shore side LNG electricity
13
supply – Power Barges Ship-to-Ship anchor (STS_a)

9
LNG Bunkering
1 on A B
Guidance WithLNG
re- Bunkering to LNG
With onsite Port Authorities/ Administrations
With no LNG onsite
Finalizationliquefaction
- Updateplant
to 8th ESSF Plenary
storage storage

Plan Update Developing Context Challenges


4 Multiple Truck-to-Ship 5 6 Truck-to-Ship 7Ship-to-ShipAhead
Guidance moored
Truck-to-Ship
Bunkering via common bunkering direct (STS_m)
3 LNG ISO manifold
bunkering (TTS)
onboard
A. General B. Governance C. Riskstored
containers & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. (TTS_d)
Emergency G. Certification
before plugging in

2
No re-liquefaction

C 8 Pipeline-to-Ship
LNG bunker pier/ With onsite temporary
barge alongside LNG storage

9 10
Temporary lay over of
LNG Trailer

E
D Shore Side LNG 12 LNG Truck/Trailer At Anchor
Energy fuelling operation
11 Shore side LNG electricity
13
supply – Power Barges Ship-to-Ship anchor (STS_a)

10
Shore side LNG electricity 13
supply – Power Barges
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance Ship-to-Ship anchor (STS_a)

to Port Authorities & Administrations


INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

LNG Bunkering – Onsite Storage – Regulatory Context

Case 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Risk Assessment
Applicable EN ISO20519 – ISO/TS18683
Safety
Emergency Response Plan (Consistent with
Standard
Risk Assessment)
provisions to (note 4)
LNG ADR (Carriage of Dangerous Substances road)
bunkering
facility UNECE Safety Guidelines & Good Practices
for Pipelines

>50t/
Article 7 (Notification) >50t >50t >50t manifold N/A N/A N/A N/A >50t >50t >50t >50t N/A
Applicable
SEVESO Article 8 (Major Accident Prevention Policy – >50t >50t/
>50t (note 1) >50t manifold
N/A N/A N/A N/A >50t >50t >50t >50t N/A
requirements MAPP)
to the LNG Article 10 (Safety Report) >200t/
>200t >200t >200t manifold N/A N/A N/A N/A >200t >200t >200t >200t N/A
bunkering
location >200t/
Article 12 (Emergency Plan) >200t >200t >200t manifold N/A N/A N/A N/A >200t >200t >200t >200t N/A
(note 2) (note 3) (note 2) (note 4) (note 5) (note 6)
NOTES:
1. For lower-tier establishments, the obligation to implement the MAPP may be fulfilled by other appropriate means, structures and management systems, proportionate to major-accident hazards.
2. Not applicable in light of Article 2.2 c) –
§ Possible major accident prevention provisions (similar to Seveso) to be judged by Seveso Competent Authorities, in light of the following relevant elements:
§ Possible existing Seveso classification for the intended bunkering location
§ Inventory of other possible hazardous substance, already in the area (possibly even below LOWER TIER threshold)
§ Technical solution proposed for LNG bunkering
§ Quantity of LNG on-site 11
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

General Permitting Procedure – Process Diagram

12
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

8 Risk  LNG Risk / Safety including information on LNG safety


hazards, risk assessment options, HAZID, HAZOP and
related concepts.
 Good practice guidance on how to assess/evaluate Risk
Assessment Reports. List of relevant elements/contents
for a Risk Study on LNG Bunkering.
 Risk Criteria – Existing Risk Criteria applicable to LNG
Bunkering.
9 Control Zones  Good practice in the approval and definition of Control
Zones, in particular of Safety Zone and Hazardous Zone.
 Examples of best practice application in the definition of
Control Zones.
 Safety Distance for Meaningful Protection

13
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

RISK Evaluation and Demosnstration – Process Diagram

14
14
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

Meaningful Protection

15
• Protection againts risk of ignition in locations where a frequency of occurence of explosive atmospheres is known.
• Present at all times, not dependent on operations, as long as the LNG bunkering lines, equipment and storage elements are
not inerted
Hazardous
• Effective establishment of Hazardous Zones approved as per design and project elements .
Zones
INTRO STUDIES LNG BUNK GUIDANCE
A. General • Protection
B. Governance C. Risk in
against risk of ignition & locations
Safety where
D. Organization E. Bunkering
explosive atmospheres may be presentF.asEmergency G. Certification
a result of an accidental LNG
release during LNG bunkering.
• Present only during LNG bunkering operation.
Safety Zone • Different calculation methodologies for best estimate of LNG vapour cloud dispersion

• Protection against external factors, derived from other operations and activities within the port area, in the vicinity of the LNG
bunkering location.
• Present during LNG bunkering, from pre-bunkering to post-bunkering phases.
Security
• Based on the situational awareness and evaluation of PAAs.
Zones

• Evaluation based on the operational activity and infrastructure surrounding the LNG bunkering location.
• PAAs should exercise a critical evaluation of how effective are the control zones in the guarantee of acceptable risk levels .
PAA • Location and context specific
Evaluation • Should look for potential ignition or gas trapping potential points in the vicinity of th Safety Zone.

• Meaningful Protection will derive from the effective implementation of the three defined Control zones (or more, depending
on possible local/port requirements), added to the PAA Evaluation.
• Should include a discussion between different involved stakeholders, including aspects discussed in the risk assessment and
Meaningful addressing in particular infrastructure, multi-operator involvement, operations in the vicinity and passing tnautical and road
Protection raffic.

16
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

Meaningful Protection

17
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

18
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

SIMOPS

19
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

SIMOPS – Process Diagram


Request for SIMOPS Preparatory Meeting Verification Authorization SIMOPs Operation
Person-in- Submits Request Leading PIC 1
Charge 1 for SIMOPS (Responsible for the
(RSO) LEAD (Req_SIMOPS) conduction Operation)

Participate in Implement Risk PIC 2


Person-in- Preparatory Mitigation (Responsible for the
Charge 2 Meeting Measures decided conduction of the Operation
(BFO) (Prep_SIMOPS) for SIMOPS from the BFO side)
(SIMOPS)

SIMOPS Supervisor
(Comms, Alarm
Supervisor
dissemination, Ensure
mitigation measure in place)

Port Evaluates Request Control and Enforcement


Authority (Req_SIMOPS) (Control and Enforcement of
(PAu) all provisions relevant for
Authorization
Launch Call for agreed terms on SIMOPs
Supports (Auth_SIMOPS)
Preparatory Meeting operations
Port Admin Evaluation of (Prep_SIMOPS)
(PAu) Request
(Req_SIMOPS)
PAA
Participate in Multi-Operator Awareness
Other
Preparatory (Communications, Awareness
Operators
Meeting following participation©at
EIDESVIK
(OOs) (Prep_SIMOPS) Preparatory meeting)
© EIDESVIK

20
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

21
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

22
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

23
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?
A. General B. Governance C. Risk & Safety D. Organization E. Bunkering F. Emergency G. Certification

Training & Qualifications in the Interface

ADR
Convention STCW Convention
(Regulation V/3)
STCW Code
(Section A-V/3)

Inland/non-IGC): (See Annex-C and


IGC:
§ ADN Convention Section 11.5)
§ STCW
§ Dir (EU) 2016/1629

LNG Bunkering
Shore/Port-Side Interface Ship-Side

§ Directive 2012/18 on the control of major accident


hazards involving dangerous substances (Seveso
III Directive) § ISO Standard 20519 (Section 8)
§ NFPA 59A - Standard for the Production, Storage, (addressed by this guidance (section 11.5)
and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG); and
§ 33 CFR Part 127 - Waterfront Facilities Handling
Liquefied Natural Gas and Liquefied Hazardous
Gas.

24
EMSA LNG Bunkering Guidance
to Port Authorities & Administrations
INTRO LNG BUNKERING GUIDANCE WHAT NEXT?

Q1 – 2018 Q2 – 2018 Q3 – 2018 Q4 - 2018


• Publication • Publication Training to EU Workshop EMSA
Version 0.0 Version 1.0 Member States (2 Implementation
(6FEB18) (30MAR18) days training in - Discussion on
• Post-bublication EMSA) issues arising from
Revision • Continuation of (Date for the EMSA Port Regularory
Revision based on Training). framework
good-practice development for
input received Request from EU MS LNG bunkering
– Training on the
implementation of - Evaluation of the
the EMSA Guidance Guidance.

25
Thanks for your attention
Ricardo.Batista@emsa.europa.eu

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