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CAESAR II® Fundamentals - Example One Video 2

1. In this example, we're going to input the values shown in the


ASME B31.3 piping code for our problem set up. Once we
have those input into CAESAR II and everything set the way we
want, we'll begin to model the geometry of the line. So I'm
going to toggle over to CAESAR II, and this is how the program
looks when it first starts up. If you haven't started CAESAR II
yet, Double click on the CAESAR II icon, and let's get it
started.

2. Depending on the version you're running, your screen may look


like mine or be slightly different. If it's a little different, it's going
to be pretty straightforward to figure things out and follow what
we’re doing. We'll be able to do the work no matter which
version you're running.

3. Now we'll start a new file.


Click New.
If your screen looks different, you can find File and New on
your system and get it started.

4. For the course files, you'll use the CAESAR II Fundamentals


Course Files you downloaded from the course website.
Make sure you use this folder for your work. That way the
units will be set and you can find all the files you'll need as you
go through the course.

You can see on this screen that we're going to be putting in


some input for piping calculations, but CAESAR II also has the
ability to do some structural steel stress analysis as well. So
we have Piping Input checked, and then I'm going to click up in
this space for the name and call this, Example_1, then click
OK.

5. The system will start up, and it will bring us into the Input Piping
screen. First it displays the current units. In this example,
we'll be working in Imperial units, so our length is going to be
in inches, forces will be in pounds, densities-- insulation
density, for instance-- will be in pounds per cubic inch.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Two

6. For this example, work in the same units. Then later, you can
go back and do this in metric units if you'd like.
Click OK to close the units dialog box and get started.

7. The system will display the Input Piping screen. It's in a


spreadsheet form and is designed for inputting settings,
distances, and other things, like restraints, bends, etc. Also on
the right of the spreadsheet, you'll see a window where the
CAESAR II model displays as it progresses.

8. The spreadsheet can be moved and docked as needed.

Depending on how your input screen is set when it first


appears, it may be displayed slightly different than mine. For
instance, it might be docked along the top. If that's the case,
you can drag it down with the mouse and move it as needed (it
may take a click to activate it).

9. Also, there are some other things you can do with this
spreadsheet area. I'll drag and push it up and it will dock.
Notice the Auto-hide button in the upper right area of the
screen. When that is clicked, the Input spreadsheet will turn
into a tab, and the model display area will be much larger.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Two

10. Hovering over the spreadsheet tab and clicking it will reopen
the input spreadsheet. It's locked right now, but if you click the
auto-hide button again, it unlocks, and then you can drag it and
reposition it using the mouse.

11. A good way to set up the screen is to hold down the


mouse button in the spreadsheet title bar area, then drag it
over to the left so that the mouse pointer touches the edge
of the left window. Then the input spreadsheet will snap into
a docked position, which works well because you can input
values and see the model in the right window. What's nice
about this set up is the model resizes automatically as it's
changed within the window.

12. As you watch the video, you will notice my Input screen is
compressed. This is because I'm recording using a fairly low
resolution, thinking users might play this material on a mobile
device.

13. Now we'll begin to input some of our design parameters. The
Input screen has node 10 to 20 displayed. Later, we'll start
inputting pipe lengths as the piping geometry gets modeled.
However, the first step is to specify the pipe diameter,
schedule, material, and other parameters.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Two

14. Click in the Diameter field. If the exact diameter is known, we


could type it in. In this example we know it's a 16-inch nominal
pipe size.
Type: 16 <Enter>, and the system will input the correct pipe
diameter. Note: If you hear a beep from your system, that
means that a conversion has taken place (in this example 16
was changed to 16.000). Also, you'll see a message appear
near the bottom of the input spreadsheet about what is taking
place.

15. Click in the Weight/Schedule field.


Type: 30 <Enter>.
The system will update the field with the pipe's wall thickness.

16. Leave the mill tolerance set as shown to 12-1/2%.


Click in the Corrosion field.
Type: 0.063 <Enter>.

17. Click in the Material field.


Type: 106 <Enter>.
CAESAR II will update the material to ASTM A106 grade B
pipe. Also note how the system fills out additional fields based
on the material selected.

18. Click in the Fluid Density field.


Type: 1SG <Enter>.
Note: It is very important to include the SG as part of this
field's value. This represents a Specific Gravity of 1. for this
field. Failure to include the SG term will result in large values
being input, and you'll get errors later because the results will
be larger than expected.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Two

19. Click in the Temperature 1 field.


Type: 500 <Enter>.

20. Click in the Temperature 2 field.


Type: 30 <Enter>.

21. Click in the Pressure 1 field.


Type: 500 <Enter>.

22. Click in the Insulation Thickness field.


Type: 5 <Enter>.

23. Click in the Insulation Density field.


Type: 11/1728 <Enter>.

CAESAR II can work in cubic inches or feet - it depends upon


how the configuration file is set.

We'll enter it this way since 11 is in pounds per cubic foot, and
CAESAR II uses density in pounds per cubic inch (1 cubic foot
= 12x12x12 inches = 1728 cubic inches).

Another option to select insulation is the down arrow. You can


choose between many standard types.

24. CAESAR II is very user friendly. If you click in a field in the


spreadsheet and press the F1 key, the help system will
give you information about that field.

Also, if you hover over a field with the mouse pointer, the
system will display the units required for that field (again -
many of these settings are determined by the configuration file).

Our system is now set up and we're ready to start modeling.

Why don't you get your system set up at this point, and then we'll carry
on after this?

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CAESAR II® Fundamentals - Example One Video 3

1. All right. We've got our CAESAR II file opened up and now
we'll begin to model the geometry of this line. Let's check our
sketch first for measurements. I'm going to hold the Alt key
down and press the Tab key, to take a look at the sketch in
Appendix S in the B31.3 Piping Code. We'll be building their
Example One.

2. We can see on the model that we're given nodes which identify
points along the line. The line goes from node 10 to 20, on
around 30, then 40, and down to node 50. We can see that on
node 10 and also on node 50, we have some anchors. On
node 20 we have what's called a Y restraint. This restrains the
line and prevents it from moving up or down on the Y direction
(the vertical direction).

3. In Appendix S, there's a chart that lists the distances on some


of these nodes. The chart shows the distance from node 10 to
node 15 is 20 feet. So using the values listed, we'll begin to
build the model.

4. CAESAR II is set to increment its node count by 10. This


setting comes from the configuration file.
Click in the "To Node" field.
Type: 15 <Enter>.
Click in the Dx field.
Type: 20- <Enter> The hyphen tells the system to use 20 feet
for this value. If you just type 20 it will enter it as inches.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Three

5. On node 10 will be an anchor.


Double-click the Restraints box.
Verify node 10 is set.
Click the down arrow, and select Anchor. You can then
click on another field or press <Enter>.

6. Use the Alt_Tab keys to view the model sketch shown in the
code. Node 15 is an extra node which give us more
information about the stresses and forces in this line. The next
node is node 20, which is 20 feet over in the X direction.

7. Use the Alt_Tab keys to return to CAESAR II.


What we want to do is tell the system to continue on to the next
point. There's a toolbar in CAESAR II that is used to
navigate between nodes and add or delete nodes as
needed. The buttons on the toolbar will go to the Next, or
Previous nodes, as well as the beginning or end of the line.

8. Click the Continue button.


The system will increment the node count.
Click in the "To Node" field and
Type: 20 <Enter>.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Three

9. Click in the Dx field and


Type: 20- <Enter> (for a distance of 20 feet.)

10. Double click Restraints


Verify the restraint will be on node 20.
Click Y (for Y restraint).

11. Checking the sketch, we'll model a 10 foot segment over to


node 30.

12. Click Continue


Click in the Dx field.
Type: 10- <Enter>.

13. At this point (node 30) we'll have a bend. The line will elbow
and turn up at this point.

14. Double-click on Bend.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Three

15. Click Continue. Notice the nodes are from 30 to 40.


Click in the Dy field.
Type: 20- <Enter> and the line extends 20 feet up in the
vertical direction.

16. Double click Bend. You can see it's set for a long radius
bend.

17. Click Continue.


Click in the To Node field.
Type: 45 <Enter>.

Use the Alt_Tab keys to view the sketch. The segment we're
working is from node 40 to node 45, which will be a distance of
10 feet. The last segment (node 45 to node 50) will be a
distance of 20 feet, with an anchor on the end of the line.

18. Click in the Dx field.


Type: 10- <Enter> (for 10 feet in the X direction.)

19. Click Continue.


Click in the To Node field.
Type: 50 <Enter>.
Click in the Dx field.
Type: 20- <Enter>.

20. Double-click Restraints.


Click Anchor (verify it's on node 50).
Press <Enter> or click in a different field.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Three

21. Click on the small button in the upper right corner of the input
spreadsheet. The spreadsheet will shrink and display as a tab.

Now you'll change some display settings.

22. Click on the Node Numbers tool button. This displays the
node numbers in the model.

23. Click on the Anchors tool button.


Click the down arrow and change their size to Larger.

Do the same for the restraints.


Click on the Restraints tool button.
Select Larger for these.

Along the toolbar is a button to display lengths.


Click on it to have the system will display lengths for the
segments.

24. Move the pointer into an open area of the screen and
right click on the mouse.
Select Properties.
Select Display options.
Here you can change a variety of display settings, background
colors, text size, etc.

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PipingDesignOnline.com CAESAR II Example One Video Three

25. Scroll down to fonts.


Change the font size for the nodes to 24.
Click OK when done.

Click the Apply button (near the top of the dialog box).
Close the dialog box.

26. Click File and Save.

Great! We're at a good stopping point for this video.

Why don't you get your model to this point, and in the next
video, we'll take a look at some other display options that we
have available on the toolbars.

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