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METHOD STATEMENT

Sub-base and Aggregate Base Course

CONTENTS

1. Purpose

2. Scope of Work

3. Definitions

4. References

5. Materials & Tools

6. Plant & Equipment

7. Safety

8. Prior Activities

9. Procedure

10. Responsibilities

1- Purpose
To ensure that sub base, and related activities are executed safely and in
accordance with the contract requirements and that all quality assurance / control
activities are conducted in a systematic manner, works are inspected and
conformance is verified and documented.

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METHOD STATEMENT
2- Scope of Work
This procedure is applicable to the following works associated with the project
titled (xxx)
Sub-bases and Aggregate Base Course.
3- Definitions
CM Construction Manager
PE / SE Project Engineer / Site Engineer
CS Chief Surveyor
ITP Inspection Test Procedures
HSSE Heath ,Safety, Security, and Environmental

4- References
Project Specifications.
Project Drawings
Project Quality Plan.
Project Safety Plan.

5- Materials & Tools


Warning tapes
Temporary signs
Safety Barriers
Traffic Cones
Grade Stakes

6- Plant & Equipment


Mixing Plant for gravel base
Wheel Loaders
Dumper Trucks
Graders
Vibrating Rollers
Pneumatic-Tyred Roller
Water Tankers
Air compressors

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METHOD STATEMENT
7- HSSE
a. Approved safety plan procedures shall be strictly followed.
b. Where possible hazards may arise from filling activities, the necessary
safety measures will be taken to prevent accident or injury at all times.
This may include barriers, warning tape/ net, signage, watchman, and
proper lighting.
c. Where work upon existing services may be required, the necessary work
permits and safety equipment should be obtained prior to the activity
commencement.
d. HSSE will enforce that Personal Protective Equipment be worn by site
personnel at all times during construction activities.
e. Provisions of adequate cool drinking water, shade, and salt water tablets
will be in place.
f. Plant & Equipment will be provided back-up alarms, lights, and all other
applicable safety devices.

8- Prior Activities

a. The Surveyor will locate and mark all live services that are present in the
site (This includes above ground services as well as buried services).
b. These services (Electric, Telephone, Gas, Oil, Chemical, Water, etc) will
be clearly marked using stakes and warning tapes.
c. Near these services, special precautions will be undertaken and
coordination with the Engineer will be carried out to avoid any damages
during the filling and compaction process.
d. Any existing service if exposed during previous excavation will be clearly
marked, protected, and properly supported during all activities.

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METHOD STATEMENT
9- Procedure

9.1 Sub-base

9.1.1 The materials and Quality Control Procedures to be used for Sub-base
shall comply with Project Specs and tested accordingly and periodically
as per inspection, Project Quality Plan and Tables 1&2.
9.1.2 Mixing of material will take place in a suitable area to be defined.
9.1.3 The material will inspected and tested accordingly and periodically as per
inspection and Approved Project Quality Plan.
9.1.4 Prior to commencement of any sub base filling, the grade checkers will
check formation levels and mark fill levels as required .The existing
formation completed up to sub-grade level..
9.1.5 The sub-base material will be mixed with water that will comply with
Specs, and prepared in the stockpile area (local and/or borrow) to the
optimum moisture content. Then it will be transported to site via dump
trucks where it will be spread and leveled by graders, and compacted
initially by steel drum roller.
9.1.6 Should the need arise to adjust the moisture content, water will be sprayed
uniformly using water tanker equipped with sprinkler bars.
9.1.7 The grader will have a second and third run (if required) accompanied by
the steel roller till levels are reached. Thickness of each layer will
conform to the drawing “Typical Pavement Details” but in no case
exceed 15 cm (Otherwise Specified). The finished surface will be
moistened not damped and compacted to have a better cohesive layer and
achieve the required compaction of 100% (Otherwise Specified) of
laboratory Maximum Dry Density.
9.1.8 Preliminary trials will be conducted at the start of the works to determine
the optimum number of passes of compaction plant and control the pre-
wetting and water spraying for optimum moisture content.

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METHOD STATEMENT
9.1.9 Maximum Dry Density testing and CBR Testing will be performed in
accordance with specs. Additional layer of sub-base material will be
placed in the same method as described above, up to the required
elevation. The Surveyor will verify that final levels are within
(-2 / +1 cm) tolerance (Otherwise Sspecified) .
9.1.10 In all areas of fill, the P E / S E will verify that no visible voids are
formed within the fill. If necessary, materials will be mixed to ensure an
overall grading which will not result in visible voids being present in the
fill. The P E / S E will ensure that all surfaces are well-closed and free
from cracks and loose material.
9.1.11 Caution will be taken in order not to cause any disturbances to
surrounding existing installations and/or structures.

Table 1: Quality requirements for Sub-base layer aggregate(Otherwise Specified)

Property Test Designation Value


Los Angles Abrasion test % AASHTO T-96 50% (Maximum)
Soundness by Na SO4, 5
AASHTO T-104 25% (Maximum)
cycles
Liquid limit% AASHTO T-89
25% (Maximum)
Plasticity index % 6% (Maximum)
AASHTO T-90
CBR % ASTM D-1883 25% (Minimum)

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METHOD STATEMENT
Table 2: Quality Control Procedures for Sub-base (Otherwise Specified)

Samples
Work Properties Test method Sampling frequency
Location
AASHTO
gradation
T-27
Raw Materials

3 tests on different samples from each


Aggregate All requirements source and at source approval and at
quality indicated in Table design job mix formula, or when
requirements 1 At source
source is changed, or when
constructed works properties is
Moisture- AASHTO changed and one test each month.
Density T-180
relationship

Aggregate AASHTO
T-27
Materials during

Gradation
3 tests at the starting of material
Moisture-
AASHTO supply and one test each 5000 cubic
using

Density
T-180 meters of supplied materials or when
Relationship
constructed work properties is
All requirements changed.
Aggregate
indicated in Table
Gradation
1
AASHTO
T-191/T310-01 or One test every day or for every
Field density any non- constructed 2000 square meters of
destructive test At site each layer.
method
Constructed Works

One measurement every day or for


Field
Thickness each 2000 square meters of the
Measurements
constructed layer.
Cross sectional levels at25 m interval
Levels & Survey
or 5 cross sections each 2000 square
Dimensions Measurements
meters whichever the greater.
Five (5) measurements each 2000
-

Surface square meters or between cross


Straight edge
Smoothness sections indicated for levels whichever
greater.

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METHOD STATEMENT
9.2 Aggregate Base Course

9.2.1 The material shall comply with Project Specifications and will inspected
and tested accordingly and periodically as per inspection, Project Quality
Plan and Tables 3&4.
9.2.2 The sequence of works will be the same as for the sub-base. However,
prior to placing any additional layer, the base shall be mechanically
swept and cleaned with compressed air.
9.2.3 Final levels will be within (-1 / +1 cm) tolerance (Otherwise specified)
9.2.4 The final base layer shall be sealed by applying the prime coat to avoid its
drying out.
9.2.5 Finished primed surface to be kept free from all non-essential traffic.

Table 3 : Quality Requirements for Aggregate Bases (Otherwise Specified)

Quality Requirements Testing Method Values


Soundness in sodium sulfate, 5 cycles, Min. , % AASHTO T-104 18
Los Angles Abrasion Test, Max. , % AASHTO T-196 45
Sand equivalent , Min. , % AASHTO T-176 35
Liquid limit, Max. , % AASHTO T-89 25
Plasticity index , Max., % AASHTO T-90 6
California Baring Ratio, Min. , % AASHTO T-193 80
Aggregate angularity two crushed faces, Min. , % ASTM D-5821 70

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METHOD STATEMENT
Table 4 : Quality Control for the Aggregate Base(Otherwise Specified)

Location of
Work Properties Test method Sampling frequency
Samples
AASHTO
gradation
T-27
3 tests on different samples from each
Raw Materials

source for source approval and


Aggregate All requirements
quality indicated in Table Design job mix formula approval or
requirements 3 At source when source is changed, or material
properties, or constructed works is
Moisture- AASHTO changed, and a test each month.
Density T-180
relationship

Aggregate AASHTO
T-27 & T-11
Materials during

Gradation
3 tests at starting of material supply,
Moisture-
AASHTO and one test every 5000 cubic meters of
using

Density
T-180 supplied materials or when properties
Relationship
of Constructed works is changed or one
All requirements test each week.
Aggregate
indicated in Table
Gradation
3
AASHTO
T-191/T310-01 or One test every day or for every
Field density any non- constructed 2000 square meters of each
destructive test layer.
At site
method
Constructed Works

One measurement every day or for each


Field
Thickness 2000 square meters of the constructed
Measurements
layer.
One cross section each 25 meters or 5
Levels & Survey cross
Dimensions Measurements Sections each 2000 m2 whichever
greater.
Five (5) measurements each 2000 m2
-

Surface measurements between approved cross


Straight edge
Smoothness sections for level's measurement
whichever greater.

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METHOD STATEMENT
10.0 Responsibilities

10.1 The CM will coordinate with PE / SE and ensure that the necessary
resources to implement the approved method statement have been
allocated to the task.
10.2 The PE / SE will ensure that the site preparation activities are conducted
according to the approved method statement and all in-situ tests
according to the ITP are implemented.
10.3 Quality Control Engineer will ensure that the materials being used are in
accordance to the project specifications and the approved method
statement.
10.4 The HSSE officer along with his team will ensure implementation of all
HSSE procedures related to the nature of the works being carried out and
in accordance with the HSSE Plan.
10.5 The CS along with his team will ensure that all levels, coordinates and
stations are accordance with the approved drawings.

End of: Method Statement


Sub-base and Aggregate Base Course

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