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BROOKLYN. LONDON. MBLBOUBNB. DARUBN,


COFBNHAOBN. OIBBRO. CHRISTSANU. QWOgVA.
f NTRODTJCTORY.
A caunPn undutruld' of the
--
t& of thin hwklet is &nod
r recrvtty to -*.a nZ$-ess. ' Y w owwia t w t b
frxrhing d Uoxt&duxy," of all %hula,that God, befcmcre*ingmm,
bKf c~csrals gratt sbym ef 6re mxid terrtm, c W I e d wa~iiaingdl
ibc lrillbnc oilbe hum- [unny whfrb he- to Wag inso bJ9;
I&I Urtr a t p a he had named "beti ; a d thrt all 4 the pa-
r tha &hie were dcdgnrd t~ deter at mmy u
.nil t h w ~ a t a l g of
(L ** little flock ") fmm such nroag-doiog nr wodd make i b nclrfr(1
(11b.m their pap*urf home,
F
ib k n o w l d p tnaw~cra d suptdtioru fade, this nwprtrrnu view
of ik divine mwwgerntat rrad chazshr i s h i a g Lts for-; d Walt
in6 people cur- \Nt &bclievc the I-, &hickd t o be ItWtrilcd
w ha c t d mas l a the htgtrrrtl &PC of art a d rrdism, &m I w
rrC rMeb ~e still to be m a In Pw-. Some now cldm thst tbs PPaoe
ir l i ~ c d ,but the brc symk+:ic, re., ac,wM1e o t b m tepllrtc t t e
d&nr of 4*hcl1" in orcry sense urd degree,
While glad rc aee ~upcniitlonsMofl, and trua ideas of the great,
ancr wise, and just, u\d loring Creator prwail, wa ut alvmtd totrdiea
r t r u thrr M w y with el1 who a h n t h thb tong mend cldtrinc Ir
tc:wud 40% &rp(itism, krruiclity. M'hy sfiould this be the casetwhen
sire n,i*rdfs merely heing dclivcrrd fnw an emu.- do y o u ark ? Be-
a u * C%&ian
~ b l tbe fo1)ndatfmt kt
pie tun sm bny bern ~ u ~ i that
t ~ aufut % rainst ~ d chcwa~tc~
b lprrMnwnt k
laid, and hrmlp f i x d , ja tbe \ V d of Gorkhc Bitd-ad, coasb
qurarty, to whatever d e g r ~their belief in belt" ie rhPkn, iotlua
crrcnt Ilvir kith in tbf U i b , a Lht rhrclrtloa d the mc Cnf, i .
41ukcn a h ;-so tbtl tfrcrre who hqva dtnaped tbrir Wid in r ahell,"
d rumc kind of endlass t o m e i t , are o h o p I n W 4 a d rEolf st
tiu4l.m -Arml.
I;r~ldcoll~p tbt hrd's pmoidcocc: tor reailtPdon tW tbe DlMebrs
I w m rlandr.rcri, as we!! u its di6a.z A u t h , lad that, rightly Mar-
rtnrcl, i t i r a c t ~ r rnoil~iiugon ttrls wrhjcclt d40fiXtory to Cd's c h & ~ ~
rit* art nn Itrtelligmt rcclxr~~, wa hrvt urtm ad in this h k l a & lay
b r s 'ire Sen 4- tesriting on this lubjdt. &t tbttcty fnith in Cod
rr'cl i* Wrj may be re-es.lrlsbtd, m r beater, P rev~onabhf ~ ~ ~ c l
lir4r Iarlc+4t, I( is our 0piht.M iU( w h a shrill b t m h b d th* Irill
ttlu vtrw rslrri upon h m t rnhcmwpicar ~ .ad W-m
utfl, *1 4hr w t c Ume* 'learn to tma hauftcr 1- k t bh cmo end &ha

+ h a r==Yez&dY
V ~ . I W ' kll f * ~ / t y f e . and, hy faith, tx,
to make r i s e unto
cicrl'a pu.trfiencc, It b rat1 h f h .
WHAT SAP T)IB S G ~ I P T T l q E S
fimt9
~opuaq~rpo
n Tm the 7mwmsw.-Urrr
kcr.~
-
mT u W w T r r u p r . l * r r ~ n n
4 n u w a u r -W- M QWRW as T u s w -PUU o* a m Rnca
M I * aar I ~ a - P ~ u uo,r w8 Sulc.., (io*~~Awuunm
n -8 WICI.~. -TUB W
h ~ m r r m a r or - $WALL Ih T \ P . ~ ,1- Ifmu,
Mr A~J.m e U ~ n o * rTrim FeaerGcm-?rr b u r w hu us k~u.
wn.8 -Jnrun Daua? m t Tenuurr.
- ' t o the law and to tbe8mimosiyi K t b r y - M .mPrdiol tm
e4a r a d , it b kcws tbcra ir no li@ ia tbrm."-Xu a:&.
t I, siiyii one, on nctiving thir tnct, that is a horrid
* tttcmc: it IWbeen like a night-- to nr dl illy
bbr= Itbrig, do not mention it ; kt me forger it I" waYa,"
u m lauchcr, adletme foxget it urd think and talk of abc:
Irrao uC God; for when I ~ ~ d &OW d a f i t L tb pte
r*ld amaw ts the way that leedah onto life and how prow
r* JI arc to sin, X exceedingly tau, .nd can never oams to
r tut ~ ( 1 1 1smrsula of kith ' which I so much dcnin."
@

%illatltitlw ad&, ((Oh, do not martion it: I h.ve cbil-


I ~ J W0r.r
, htwlund, or a wife, or a frIand yet U M ~ , urd
IRF Y R r*~ ovc:mhrlmed with B bmdcn of f a r and rnxlcty
far ihrm " And another, with tuning c p and f.lta[og
ruur, nksr. ' ' 4 J air, if that doarinc k t-d it mug
kr, rks rll t'~ir~stcndom would not t ~ it--thca
h m e of
nr d a t ,,urn rrr 1 s t all how md ace now mi& tbt age-
&,inn cC thu awitrl place."
%mR d r a r l that rhc & m e iugcnanlly mpmmigd .od
3
*ocrpted is r horrid one, shutting out to a very large &cst
the gforiou~vision of the love and power and d o m of
God, which his holy Word presents. But, nhmthellcas, i d
m h n r what my the Scriptws; far 44thminis the right-
cousn- of God rcvcaled." (Rom. x :r 7.) True, tbarin
the wrath of GrxI is revealed from haven @nst all un-
godiinew and u n r i g h t c o of~ men wbo hold the truth in
unrightcousacns" ( v e w XS), md "Though b n d join la
band [saying, 'In union there is strength '3, the wicked shrll
not be unpunished " ( b o . r r :*I) ; but the wrath of God
is always just, and tempered w i d mer~y.--~~f.iis mucy cn-
dureth forever."--h~ 106 :I ; 107:I ; x r8:1-4; 136.
That there k mething radically wrong with the g a r -
dly accepted view d the dcrtrine of tbe punishment of the
wicked is w r y manifest froin thc standpoint of reason, in
that, instead of revealing the righteousness of God, it
greatly mivtEpresents bib glorious cbatacter of love and jw-
tie, wisdom and paver. And from a Scriptttrdl standpoint
we have no hesitancy in a&ming whst wc 91.c abund-
antly prepared ta proi't, that it is far astray fronl the truth,
md that the paaition of its advocates is wholly unwnablt.
That its advocntcb tb~m~e1ves have lit& or no Mth in it
is very msnifest from the fact tfut it has no power over their
course of action. While 911 the denominations of Christ-
endom p f c f i to beiftve the doctrine that eternal torment
and endla, hopclcss dcqhir will constitute the puniohmant
of the wicked, they are all quite at case in allowing ths.
wicked to take their came, while they pame thc men
tenor of their way. Chiming bells and pealing organg ar.
tistic chains, and cblltty edifies, and uphakt&red~ I I and ,
~rol'khdomtory which -re and more avoids any rrfirenaa
ta thlr k i n g acme, afford rest and e n W n m e n t ta rhlr
fa&oarMc conpg~donsk t g a b on the Lotd'e day and
uo k n m to the world ss the rJhurchcs of Chriot snd tbr
rcprareatntiveo of hia dactrina But &ey araa Uttle a n -
mnm &out the efernJ w e l k of the multitada, or even
of t h a d v c ? r and chbr own fbmilics, though ooc would
naturally prCNme that with such awful poasibi'iities in view
they w d d be almost fratltic in their efforts to reficnre the
p&hing.
The plain inference is that they do not klieve it. The
only class of people tha! ta any degree show theit faith in it
by their works is the Salvation Army; and these are the
subjt& of ridicule from almost dl other ChMans, became
thev are somewhat co~l;oi~cnt with their belief. Yet their
&lt~r. and often absurd, methods, ao strikingly in con-
tnrst 6ththose of the Lord of whom it was written, ** Ha
shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice be heard in
the ~trcct"-(~ss.41 :z), arc very tame compiued with
what might be expected If they werc fully convinced of thc
doarinc We cannot imagine how s i n a n bclfevers o f this
uxrible doarinc go f m day to day about the d i n m y af-
fpin of life, or m a t quietly in elegance every Sunday to
hear an gsty from the pulpit on the peculiir subj& often
;Idvartfsed Could thcy da so while d l y believing oil t b
time that fdbw mortals rut dying at the rste of one bun-
dnd a minute, and entering
That lam laud ab d q krpair," -ham
No Cpd
lr Ibdr bitter pram "?
If they really believed it few Eaicts could moaptpceatly sit
there and think of baa hturying evay moment into that
awtal sate described by that good, d l - m d q , but grartfy
deluded maa, hmc Watts (whose own hart was ~maensurabty
warma and lotget than thot h! ascribed t~ the p t Jdle
rah), when he wrate the hymn-
Pmplc crfm I K O ~ Cfmitic with grid when frturb h e
been m~ghtill some terrible catsstrophe, as a fin, or a
rm-k, d w q h they know they will soon be relieved by
d a t h ; yct thcy pretend to believe that Cod is la9 laving
~ b r tlmwtvce,
r and that he om rook with iadiffercnix, if
not with Liclrght, at biUions of his c r e a m enduring an
eurtuty uf torture fiu more terrible, which he prepma for
Uztn nnrl preventa any eoc~pefrom fwc~rr. Not only so,
l n t ~t h y cxp& that they will get literally into Abnham's
I w Jand ~ ,w i l i then look: across the gulf and see and heat
1hc:c)tonica of thmuftitmh (some of whom they now love
an11wrey over); and they imagine they will be so &nged,
art11 lircvmeso like their preserlt idea of God,so hardened
arcinst all pity, and so barren of love and sympathy, &at
thcy will deright in such a Cod aid in such o plan.
It is wonderful that otherwise waihlc tncn and women,
who love their fellows, and who establish hospitals, orphan-
HMCS. asylums, and societies for the prewntioe of cruelty even
to rhc brute emtion, itre so unid~ncedmeotally that they
can believe and w W b e to such a docctrine, and yet be so
indiflerent about investigating the sub* of L'everlasting
torture."
Only one exception can we think of-those who hold the
ultra-Calvinistic doEtrine; who believe t\uU God ba9 de-
creed it thus, that all tht efforts they cotrld put forth a u l d
not alter the r&t with a single pason, and that all the
~ t m y e athey could offer would not change one iota of the
awltlf phn thcy believe God has miukcd out for his and
their e z d plarsur+. These indeed could sit still, ao fu
as &or? for theit fellows is conmed, but why sing the
prrriacs of arch a Gad and such a ochcmc for the damnation
or their aeighbom whom God h,ns told them to love as
tttedva?
Why not rather begh todouba ti& 4'dacnfne of M k "
thir blasphemy against tbc great God, hatched in the "dmk
age," when a crofry primthood taught that it is right tcr do
evil Ih&t good m8)t result?
The d&rine of eternal torment was introduced by Pa-
pacy to induce pagan6 to join ha system and support h a
prtesthood. It flourLhi at the same time that bull
fighb" andgladiatorid contests were the publicamusemcntP
m a enjoyed, whcn the C m d a were called " holy wan,"
and whcln men and wornen wcrec:illed l 8 hereticsB'andwerr
&n slaoghtcml for thinking or s w i n g contrary to the
ceachine of Papacy ; at s time when the Bun of gospel truth
ms obscure, when the W a d of Gcrd had fallen itrco rfistlse
and trra~prohibited to he read by my hat the dergy, whose
love of their neighbon was often shown in torturing heretics
to induce them to recant and deny their faith and their
Bibles-to save them, if possible, thcy cq~l:~tned,from the
more awtful future of hereticu,-etental torture. T h y did
not h m w this dothine from the heathen, for no heathen
people in the world hnve a d d r i n e so crnd, so fiuidish and
so unjust. Find it, wi~ocvercan, and show it up in all its
blackness, that, if p d b l e , it may be shqwn that the essence
of brbarism, malice, hate md ungodliness has been
uclwivtly appropriated by rhcne whom God has mos!
highly favored with light from every qwter, and to whoru he
has committed tho only oncl+his Word. Oh 1 the shame
and conlusion that will c o v e the faeejof many, even good
men, who verily thought that they did God mice while
prop~g~ting tkis bloaphemous doctrine, whcn they awake in
the raurreftion, to l a m of tbc love end justice of God,
and when thcy come to know thnt the Bible does not tcatb
this God-diimori.iag, lovcatingnishing, truth-btciouding,
saint-hindering, sinner-Wcning, 64dPmnablebncsgm of
e t d u,ment--2 Pet. 2:r.
But we npept &at, in the light and d de#lqpmaat of
this dry, mlsible people do m t believe this M n ' n a
Nosevet, rincc they Zlhl & Bib& f&a it, ;l,earp
step tllcy p r o p s in d intelligence and bmtherly kind-
s-. w11irll Binders; such belief, is in mart crws a step away
from Goci'a: Word, which they flnely accuse of this reach-
ing, fiena thissecond crop of evil fruit, which the devil's
cngrsitn~elitof this error is producing. Tho intelligent,
htrtrest thinkus are thus driven from the Bible into vain
~,Lilwphicsand sciences, fjrLPdy socalk&, and into skcpti-
c h . Nor do the "worldly" really befieva this d&rine,
onJ it is no d n t t o crime,
But, says one, did the error not do some good? Have
not m y been brought into the churches by tthc p w b i n g
of this docStrine in the prt?
No error, weanswer, ever did red good, h t aiweyshPrm.
Thost whom error brings into a church, and whont the math
would not move, an an injury to the church. The thw-
sands terrorized, but not at heart converted, which this doc-
trine forced into Papacy, and which swelled her numbcrs
and her wealth, diluted what littte truth was held befare,
and mingled it w i t h their unholy sentimenrs and emm so
that, to maot the chngad coirdition of things, the "clergy '@
found it needful ta add error to error, and to rerwrt to
me&&, forms, etc., not taught in the Seriptms and use-
lase to the truly converted whom the hwth ccnntmt. Among
thee were pi&-, images, beads, PePkntnto, candler,
grand cathedrals, altars, etr., to help the unconvated
heathen to afunn ofgalinuss mn!n d y companding to
thcit fc~nverh&n wornhip, but lacking all the power of
vitsl gorjtincs.
Thc W h e n were not bmdted, for they wen still
hczthca in Gd'e dgbt, but dhtuded iata aping w k t they
did net understand or do f m the hart, Tbepwereadded
t ~ r ato c b k e the w h a t , without Mng prowthdvcs.
The b d telb who dowed the seed of thir eaormarr aap,
(Matt. x3:39). The same is true of thoec r h o amme the
t mi" to-day, who prr not redly at hcprt con-
verted by the truth, but d g frighted by the rnor, or
d l d by pramid earthly advantages of a social ar buai-
nap kind Such add nothing to the true Chulrh: by their
ideas and manna they become stumbling-blocks to the
truly cormcrated, and by their inability to d i e the km&,
the rraJ food of the saints, they lead even the ftw truc pss-
ton to deirnud thc tntc sheep in order to =tidy the de-
manth of these goats: fw something pte;uing to riicir uncon-
wxtd tastes. No: in no way has this m r accomplishd
good except in the sense that God is able to make c v a rhe
m h of man to prair him. So also he will m l e .f:
thiiga tventuirllp to wrve his putposes.
&&ag, titen, the u n ~ n n b l c n e s aof man's Gew, let as
lay aside human opinions and theories and come to the Word
of God, the only authority on the s u b j d , rrmembaing tbat
rGod h his own hapmte
And he will mcrlur it plain."

BELL, AN ENGLISH WORD.


l a the fimt plact bear in mind that the bid TWammt
SctiphuPs were written in the Hebrew language, and tht
New Testament in the Greefc, The word "hell " is am b g -
Iish word sometima selettod by the tnurshton of the Eng-
lish Bible to a t p m the seaac of the Hebrew word rkol and
the Greek words Aahs, tIwl.ivoa and gehmw. T h e s ~ c
words are rEso sometimes rendered "gmvc" a d "pit."
The ward "hell " in old Engtisb ufsge,bdm the Papal the-

-
ologinns picked it up and gave it a new aod signifi-
cance to suit their own purposes, simply meant le em&,
/r, hid), k c m v ; h c c the cmcakb, Atidkc*, ar robaad
plors. The The k&? thed* prg#lf urad
xynonymrrttdy with the words and ga pit," to
trnnabtr the words rttmd" and ~ ~ E ~ sisDifylne the
m.rct ar hrclrfrm condition of death. But ff the tzansla-
trrn ctf the K e v i d V e ~ i o nhad bcen thoroughly dim-
tilnglt-I from r h o Papal emr, and thorougitly honest, they
~rhoaldhi~veclone more to help the English student than
hncl c1y to sutwztitute the Hebrew word sheof and the Creck
cwc~ttl ha,ifs, as they have done. They should have trans-
Ltftrl rl~rwords. But theywere cvidendy afraid to tell the
trtrrk. anti ashamed to tell the lie, and so gave tis sAruI
2nd brrdts unttmslated, and permitted the inference that
tli- words rnem the same as the word hell." Their
ojursr, while it for a time shidds themsetocs, dixhonon Cod
3 r d the Bible, which the people still stapposeteaches a %dl"
of torment in the words sk31 and frRdcs. Yet anyone can
w that if it was proper to tra~ilattthe word shtd thirty-
one ttnlcs "grave" slrd three time '&pit,"it coitld not ha~e
h n Improper to have so rrsnslated i t in every other in-
stance.
A [~~uliarity to be o k n w i in comparing these cases, so
we will do shortly, is that in those texts where the tonnelrt
irlm would be an absurdity the King James translatots
hnw us& the words "grave" or '(pit ;" while in ail
other cases they have used the ward "1~11; " and the teadcr,
long xkooled in the Prrlxil idea of torment, reads the word
vehcll" and thinks of it as a place of" torment, in-
stud of the grave, thc hidden or covered place or condition.
For m m p b , compare Job 14:13 with Psa. 86:r3.-Thc
former tlpdg,-ctOh, that thou wouldst hide me in t h g n r v r
[slacoi], ac,"while the htter ma&,-"Thou hast d e l i d
my soul from the lowest A#&? [dheol]." The Htbmp word
being the Bame in both cases, there is no mason why the
pnre ward " p v e " should not be crslad in both.
White the mmshtoton, of the R c f o d o n times m e w r t
what ucMXbfc for their mental bias in this matt&, as tbay
were just bmking away ftom the old P8pd sptm, OW
modem tramhorn, specially those of the recent r e v i d
Bible, are not entitled to any such ansideration. T h e a 1 ~
i a i profissors and pastan of congregations consr'dcr that
they art justified in following the course of the reviaxs in
not explaining the meaning of either the Hebmw or Greek
words SMor A d s ; afld by their w of the words they
also give their confiding Ru& to understand that t%lcymcsa
a place of torture, a lake of fire. Whike attributing ra rhc
ignorant only the b a t of nxotivcu, it is maniftstly only du-
plicity and cowvdice which indttm edu~itedm a , who
know the truth on this subjdt, to prefer to continue to in-
fer the error.
But rertzemk that not all ministers know of ~hx:errors of
the tmdators, and deliberate1y c u v c ~at)J hide those wrors
from the people. Many, ind+lEd, do not know, having
n~nrctyaccepted, without inve?itigatioi~,the theories of their
seminary professors I t is the polaors and leanled ones
tvho are most blameworthy. h v e kept back the
truth about '' hell " for several mans. First, there is mi-
dcntly a sort of undtrsmdidg or Etiquette mnongthem, thot
if they wish to maintain their standing in the Nptofe9ioa"
they "must not tell tales out of acho01;" i. c., they must
not divulge profesional seems to the i4common peopk,"
?he "laity." Second, they dt fear that to let it be known
that they have been teaching an ululcsiphuoS doArinc for
yeam would h k down the popular mp& and rmxcna
for the clergy, the dcnomi~tionsaad the fhCbIogiCP1
schouls, and unsettle confidence.in thdr wisdom. And, oh,
huw nluch depends upon oonfidtna and rcvertnce rarmar,
al~mGod's Word is lo gr?nfrdly ignored I Third, tirsp
knowihatmanyof t h e m t m h d th&r&mmtc011-
stdncd by the lovedChrkt**(o Cor. s:xq), but d y
by the fear of hell, and they see cttariy therefore that to k?
t11c in~thIrc known now would soon cut loose the nama
and tile dollars uf many in their flocks; and this, to trrost
whct ilcsirc to nake a fair show in the desk (Gal. 6:r 2) would
seem lo be s p e a t calamity.
it11t %*hat
will be the judgment of God,w h cha&
artel plan arc ttaduced by the blasphemous M r i n e which
rtiwc untmnshted wordo hdp to support? Will he com-
wend these unfgithl~ll servants? Will he justify their
cntrm? Will the Chief Shepherd call these his beloved
friends, and make known unto them his fnrther pbna (John
r 5 :r 4) that they may misrcprcsart t h a n a h t o -we
their own dignity and reverence? Will he continue totiend
fa& " l h i n p new an6 old," " meat in due season," to the
h o d o l d of faith, by the b d of the unfaithful servants?
No, such shall not continue to lx his mouthpieces or to
shepherd his flock. (Gzck. 34:g, 10.) He will choose in-
st&, as at the first advent, from irmoilg the laity--"the
common people "-mouth-piss, and will givc them words
which none of the chief pricsk ahdl be able to gainsay oz
rtsist. (Luke ZI :r5.) And, as fcbretold, "the wigdam of
their wise men shall perish, md the understanding of their
prudent men st~dlbc hid."-ha. ap:g-xg.
"HELL" IN THE OLD TESTASENT.
The word a s heti" occurs rhirtysne times in the Old
Tmtament, and in every instanmr i t is skol in the Hebrew.
It docs not mean a lakc of fire md brimstone, nor anything
at all ~~mnb1ing that thought: nor i n tht sZ&k~t&peel
Quite tfie reverse: instead of a p b of Mazing fue it is de-
scribed in the context asa Seateof "darkncnr " (Job x o : ~ ~ ) ;
instead of a piace when, shritka and groruur ue bard, it is
deacribod in the context 8s a pie# of "silence" {Pa.
rx~:x?); inrtrod of wpremtingin any sense pain m d d -
king, or remorse, the context dcscribs it ap one of forget-
fuhesr, (Fsa. 88 :I I, r 2.) "There b no work, nor &
vice, nor knowledge, io the grave [ s h / 3 whither thou
goeat."-Eccles. 9 :10.
The meaning of sRtol is, the M&en sWc, as applied to
man's condition in death, in and beyond which all is hid-
den, m p t to the eye of faith ; hence, by proper and clam
rosociation, the word was often used in the scnoe of g m n ~ - -
the iamb, the hidden p h , or place beyond which only
those who have the enlightened eye of the understanding
can scc r e s u d i o n , restitution of king. And be it par-
ticuiarly noted that this identical word skrol is h;inslatcd
*< pit" and '4gxave" thirty-four times in our common ver-
sion by thc sum trddm$-more ti- than it is mms-
latcd "hell;" and twice, where it is tmmkted "ht$l," it
seemed so absurd, according to the presmt accepted mean-
ing of the English word "hell," that, in the margin of mod-
em Bibles, the publishers explain that it means g~ayc. (ha.
x 4:g and Jonah 2 : 2 . ) In tht latter C ~ S Ethe
~ hidden state,
or grave, was the belly of the fish in which Jonah was buried
alive, and from which he cried YO God.

ALL TEXTS IN WHIf3X * 4 ~ l i ~IS~TfUNSthTED


' ' "HELL"
( 1 ) Amos 9 : z.-'~ Though they dig into hfi, thence shall
mine hind take them." [A figurative arprcssion; but ctr-
rainly pits of the earth arc the anfy hells men a n dip.into.]
(a) PSI. xG:~o.-~Thou wilt not l a v e my soul in kll;
ndti~erwilt thou d m thine Holy One to see cormption."
ma
i refers to our Lord's three days in the tomb.-A&
2:31 j 3:1s.]
(3.4) Pst 18:s and a Sam, a2:6--.margin.-uThecords
of k t compesrted me about." [A
Y in which trouble
is repre#nted as hastening; one to the tomb.]
(5) b 55 :~ 5 . - - ' ~Let thcm go down quick into k r P
-msrgin, uthtgravc."
(6) h. 9 : x 7.-** The wicked &all be turned into hcr;rl
md a11 the nations that forget Gad." This text will be
%rented later, under v t e heading.
(7) Psa 86:r3.-'~Thm k t delivered my ararl from the
lowcst At//'*-nuugin, " the grave."
( 8 ) Psa. r r6 :3.-" The sorrows of death compasacd nie,
and the pains of kc![ gat hold upon nle." [Sickness and
trouble are the figurative lmds of the grave to grasp us.]
(9) ha. r39:8,--'*lf 1 nlake my bed in kt4 behold,
thou art there." [God's power is unlimited: even ovcl
those in cfre tomb hc can and will exert it and bring forth
all that art in the graves.-Job 5 :28.]
(10) Deut. 32 :zz.-'* For a fire is kindled in mine anger,
and shall bun1 unto the lowest lic/l." [ h figurative mpm-
senration of the destru&ion, the utter nrin, oi Israel aa a na-
tion-"wrath to the utterwont," ns the -4postle catled it,
Cod's anger burning that nation to the ** lcnwst d+,," arr
m r here tnnststes thc word ~hztr/.-x The. a :16.3
( I I ) Job I I :8.--@'It [God's wisdom] is as high st
heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than ht(C [than any
pit]; w b t canst thou knotv?"
(11) Job 36:G.-"H'[the tomb] is naked before him,
and destruction ha& no covering. "
( t 3 ) Prov. 5:5.-"Her feet go clown to death; her step
take bold on Iulf [i c., lead to the gra\*e]."
(r q) Prw. .7 :27.-" Her house is the \\ay to AeZJ [the
grnve]. kming down t~ the c h b c r s of death."
(IS) Pruv. g : 1 8 . - ~ ~ H eknowcth not that the dead atc
them, ru~dthat her guests are in the depths of &fL" [Here
the harlot's bqvssare rel)resentsd as dead, diseased or dying,
and m y of tkc vietinu of sensuality in prcmme p v m
fmmdisems which nix, hurry offtheir pogtaity to the tamb.1
(16)JRov. rg :XI.-"NIItand dcsvuction are kfmtiit
M." [Hem the gnaw is ammiatcd with dczfidibn and
not with a life of to11111~~lt.l
(r ?) Prov. rrj :24.-*"l%e path of life (lcodeth) upward
for 'the wix, that he may depart from he//h a r t h . " fT&s
illustnates the hope of renurreAion from the tomb.)
(1%) Prov, 23 :r4.-'* Thou shalt beat him with the rod,
and shalt deliver his sad from hcrl'' [i.r., w h 4 c ) ~ i o n
wU1 save a child fmm vicious wnys which lead to prcmPtun
death, and may possibly aka prepare bim to thc "+ec-
a d dcath"3,
(19) Pnw. ~7:oo.-~'.Mr// [the giavcj and damdtian.
are never full : so the eyes of man arc nhru
(ao) Isa. 5:14.-"'hefort: Azft hath enlarged herself
and opened her mouth without nmure." [Here "hell "
irr a symbol of ~IcsI~w~'zoPJ.]
( 2 1 ~22) h. I ~ : Q , r5.-4(Hrl/ [margin, grave] from be
neath is moved for thee, to m a t thiw at thy coming." . .
"Thou shalt be brought down to hi't" [the g r a nn- ~
dered in wmc rx].
(sf) Isa. 57:g.-"And didst d e k . thyself even unto
Acl/.'"Here figurative of &g dy~raslatiot~.]
(24.25) Ewk.31: 15-1 ?.--"In the day Acn he went tlown
to the p v e ,... I made the nations to shake at thesound
of his fdl, when I cast him down to Rclll with tbml that de-
. ..
scend into the pit. They* went down into h i 2 with
him, unto them that 'tK slain with thC sword.'' CFjgur~tive
and pmphetic description of rhe fall of Babylon into de-
stru&ion, silence, the grave.]
(26) Ezek. 32 :ZL-"The strong anrong the mighty
sMl speak to him out of the mldst of &II with them tlmt
help him." [A continuation of the same figure, nrpmwnt-
ing Egypt's overthrow as a nation to joia Bby1an in
d~sMun.]
(~7)&F 31 :a?.-"And t I q rhdU not lie with the
dgthry that are fnllm of the undnam-, which am gane
down to Aall with their weapons of aru: and they hPw kid
their mrde under their berbr; but thcir iniquities dull be
upon their bones, though they w m the terror of the mighty
in the h d of the Living." m e p v e is theonly 'thdl "
where fatkn ones sre bun'cd and lie with thdr msponr of
war under their h&.f
(28) Hab. r :5.-"Who enlng.cth hia dedrs ur krU [the
grave] and as d&, and cannot lw: satisfied."
(29) Jonah 2 :t , r.-'tThcn Jonsh pmyad unto the Larr'
his God,cntt of the &hasbelly, and rrrid, I: cried by reasan
of mine rfeiQion unto the Lord, and he head me ; out ol
tbe W1y o f krlt cried 1, and thou heaxlest my voice."
p e belly of the fish wm for P time his grave.]
(SO, 3s) Isa. 28: 15-18,-" BMW ye have said,We have
made a coymant 4 t h death, and with belt [the grave] me
we at agreement; when the ovcrfklwing scourge shall paas
thmugh, it shill not come unto us, for we have made l i a
out d g c , and under fahehaad have we hid o ~ l
M o r e , aaith the Lord, .. . Your covenant with death
Phsll be disannuiltd, and yonr agreement with A d [the
grave] shall not w d . " [God thns declam that the prcscnt
prevalent idea, by wNch death and the gramare r q m m t c b
as friends, &a than enemies, &all came; a d men &&
loem that death hi Be u q e s of sin, now and that it L in
Saran's pow- (Rom. 6: 23 ; Heb, a:rq), and not an angdl
rent by God.3
ALL OTI(XR TEXTS WHERE "!ZEOOL*'
"GRAVX" AND "m*'
Ecn.37 :3~.--4c1aillgodonninto tlropmeuntomy am.''
Gen, 4r :3&-'' Thta &dl ye bring d m my gny h i m
* i t h ~ E O t h e ~ . [" s x . k d r e r u o a e a p d o a
in a:zg, 31. The transkmn did not Dkt to aend goodotd
Jacob to AatI simply k m s c his sons w u e evil.]
x Srm. *:6.-"The Xard killdh, and mrketh rliw: h
bringeth down to the paw, a d bringeth up"
r Kings a :6,g.-"Let not his hwr head go down to tbt
p v e with peace. .. His hoar heaa Wng thoa d o n
to the e v e with blood."
Job 7:9.-C'He thrt gocrth down to the p e .
Job rr):rj.-'*Oh, that thou woddst hide me in the
p m , thu thou wouldat keep me acact a i l thy rmrth be
psrst, that thou woddst appoint me a set time, and renrcm-
bGrme"[tcaurcct~t
Job t~:x3.-'*IfX waft, tkgnmc is mine hotac: li h v c
made my bed in the darkness." Uob waib for l.anrm&ian
-tC in the morning."]
Job t 7 :x 6.-"They shall go down to the bun of thejz'r,
when our r s t toget& b in the dust."
Job a K :xg.-'"ey spend thtir days In mirth, in r mo-
mcnt go d m to the gntoa."
Job aq:rg, 90.-"Drought and heat consme the snow
warn: so doth the graw thost which hove sin*-* '' [All
h e sinned, hcncr 6g X)eath passed upon dt men," tnd dl go
down to che grave. &t all have becn redmed by "the
precious b l d of Christ ;*' h c c all &all be awdcmod and
come forth again in Gob's due time-" in the morning."]
PIEk 6 :s--"In death &ere is no nmcmbrana of thee;
in the grave who shall give thee thanks?"
PSk 30 :3.-"0 Lord, thoa bast brought up my solrf
from the paw: thou hast kept me dive, tlmt I should not
go down to the pit" p i
s ppespgo ex- gcoritPde fm
recovery f m danger of death:J
Psa gx :17.--4%et the wicked be admncd; kt t h m be
ailcntr in the gnaw.''
h 49 :z4, x5, margin.-"Like ahccp ther). am Lid ia
thebrapc; &a& &all fecd on thm; nod the ujxjght trba
saints-Dan. 7: 17] aholl hgvc domlnion over thcm in tlrs
morning [the Millennid morning] ; and h i t k t y U I
consume, tile ~ m v ebeing an habitlaion to way one of
tftcm. But God will redeem my soul ftam the power of
the grave."
Psrr. 88:3.-"My fiB b w c r h nigh unto the -.'*
I??&. 89 :48.-u S)lall he d d i m his soul from the hand 01
the ATaW t "
f?u. r JX :7.-"Our bone arc scattered at the gnwr'~
mouth. "
Yrav. i :is.-"lm us swallow them up alive arr the
~ W K ;atrd whole, as those tfuu go down into the pit"
.
[i. I.. as of Y t t earthquake, as in Num. I 6 :3-33].
Ibrov. ja ; 5, I 6. --"Four things aay not, It is enough;
thcg~~uc," &.
Eccl. 9 : 10. -"tf lwm~orrctttry nand findeth to do, do i t
wjtb thy wight; fur thnc is nu work, nor device, not
knowledge, nor w ~ d a m ,i n the A r j z v , whither thou p t . "
Song of Solomon 8: 6. -'- Julutlfip i s cntel as rhc graw."
I s r4:xx.-"Thy p m p irr trruughtdown to thegrwc."
Isa. 38:ro.-" I bball go to tiir gates of thcpcsz,c: I am
&psi& of the residue of my ymnr."
ha. 38:18.-'"lk graze cantlot praise thee, death cannor.
cclefrratc the: they that go &WII into the pit amnot b a p
for thy truth."
Num. 16: 30-33.-" If . .. they go down quick into tho
p'2, then shall ye understand. ... The ground clave w-
da that was under them, and the earth o p e d her mouth
and swdlooperi them up, and their house~,and all the men
drat appctdned unto Korah, and all their goods. They
and all that appertained to them went down dive into the
pi'/,and the earth closed upon them: and they @shed from
among the congregation."
W. 31::s.-~ In tbe day w h m he went d m to &he
gnmc. "
Howa r3 :I+--" I will remorn them fmm the p o w of
thcpmc; I will d e e m them from death, 0 death, I win
be thy phag~rea;0 pave, I will be thy destru&ion. Re-
pentance shall be hid from mine eyes." [The Lord did
not ransom any from a place of fire and tormcnc, for there is
no such p t a ~ e jbut he did ransom d'l mdid from the
grm, from d c d , the pmalty brought p n dl by Adam's
sin, as this versc declarer
The above list includes every l n s ~ c eof the we of the
English word *'hell" and the Hebrew word s/rsoL From
this examination it must be evident to all d e n , that the
Old Tesraunent, God's d o n for four thousand years,
contains not a single hint of a "hell," as the word i s nag
-8nderstood.
HELL IQ THE HEW TBTAIYIEIT.
In the New Testament, the Creek u*ordMCI cornspond,
exaaly to the Hebrew w r d dco/. As proof set the quota
tions of the Apostle from thtOld Tgtament, in which the!,
render it Andes. For instance, AAs z :27, "Thou wilt no:
leave my foul in kd"~,," is a quotation from Psa. 16 :lo,
lhwilt not leave my soul in rkoL " And in x Cor.
rg:5& 55, "Death is swallowed up in vieory. 0 death,
where.i s thy sting? 0 grave fRt~dcs3,where i s thy vic-
tory? " is on allusion to Isa 25 :8, l dHe will swallow up
dmih in viEtory," and to Has. 13:14, " 0 death, I will be
thy plagues; 0 shed, I will bc thy desmtftion,"
&a WELL" PROM THS CR- WORD "HADES."
Matt. r I :23.-" And &on, Capenurum, wbjch art d t e d
data heaven, s h d t be brought d m to k&;" Luke ro:tg:
"W be tbwit down W W" pn
pltfvilcgee of
mowledge and opportunity the city wor highly h r v d
at, Qgorativtrly, d t c d to heaven ; but became of r n b
of Cdrr ikvonr, i t would be debased, or, figurafivety, casr
down tohdrs, overthrown, destmpcd. It is now so thor-
oughly buried in oblivion, that even thc site wfvrr it
stood is B matter of dispute. Cqcrm~umis certainly de
sh-r(rv.&thmt d o n to kud6~.]
intte r 6 : ~ 3 . - - ~ I nArAI be liW up his eyes, Mag in
torments." [A parabolic figuseexpLinad furthew on in this
pmpblct. J
Rev. 6: 8.-" And behold a pale home: and his namethat
wit on him woe Death, anand He4 follow& with him."
[Syinbol of destruaioa or thegra0c.f
Matt. 16:r8.--"Upon this rock I will build my church;
and the pta of &/l shall not prevail agpiost it." CAI-
though bitter and retentless pmeution, even unto depth,
vhould atRict the Church during the Gaspel aye, it &odd
never prevail to hcr utta extermiltatlon ; end eventually, by
her resum&ioa, accarnptied by ha Lord, the Churrh
will prevail over WCS-the tomb.
CHRIST IN "HELL*' (HADES) AND ReSURREX2ED FR#M
' ' ~ e ~ t(HME~).-ACS
" 3: 1, 14, 2-I.
"And when the day of Pentecwt wta fully come, .
Peter . . . lifted up his voice a d said, .. .
..
Ye men of
Israel, hear t k words:-Jesus of Nazareth, a man ap-
proved of God among you, ... being delivend by b
determinate cornsel and foreknowlcdgc o f God C" He war
delivend for our o R m e "1, yc have taken and by wicked
kznQ hove crucified and elsin: whom God hath raised up,
hving i d the pins [or bond4 of death, bcceuse it was
nat l'olcgitle that he should be holden of it [for the Word of
Jetrod bad previously hi m i o n ] ; for Da-
rid speak& concerning him ['wtting or speaking for
b b l , 'I [Christ] foresaw the Zord ~thovrkfalways bGfrrns
my face; for he ia em mp n'gbt hPad, that I should m o t be
moved. Thadorc did my heart rr2oioc;and my tongme w a
glad; moreover also my dcsh sball rest in hope, betatme rhw
wilt not kwc my sad in krU [had&], neither wilt thou d-
fir thine Holy One to see camption. Thou Ueh5
Mh] bast made known to me [Christ] the ways of life. ' "
Hem ow Lord, es pmmifinll by the prophe? Xkrid,
cxprcsa hi fhith in Jchovrh's promiec of a renrrrcQion
md in the hll and glorians accomplirrhrnent of Jchovrb8'cr
plan through him, and rejoices in the pr+.
Peter then p r o d , saying-'6 Men and brothrut, kt me
fkcely speak unto yon of the patriarch Lhvid, that hc is both
dond~dbatied,andhisaepuXchrriswith asuntothisday
[m ibat thio prophecy couM not haw rdaxrd to bimse31
pewm~lly;for kir r o d was fcft in f a h c I t " ~ d ~
h& fiah did see comptionl: Therefore, being a prophet,
and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, h t
of the fntit of hi loins, according to the flab he would
nisc up Christ to sit on his throne; he, seting this bcfm
cp.Ophetiticallyl, rpalrc of the resurrcAion of Chht [out of
cc h a " 4 o d e ~ which
o h must go for our oxtaws], thnt
hhs soul was mt fe& is Left [ k & 4 e derth strbc], neithar
his flab did see cormption." Thus Petm pnrentsa strong,
EogicJ ngument, bslsed on the words of the prophet Drvid
-ahowing first, that W J who was delivend by God fm
om oet(?nscq went to ldhcllJ"the grave, the ccmdition of
d&, dcotntction (Pnr x6': 10); rind, aocond, that xcoordiag
ta promkc he bad bean d e l i v d from hcli," tbt mrc,
death, dutdtion, & a a p 1 ~ o n - a raising up to
life, k i n g crarad again, the reme identical king, yet rnore
gforiola, and d t u l e ~ e atd gt&e explas image of drc
Fuha'r paron." (Wb. x :J.) And now f* t W rmo
Jq" (A& n:36), in hm i ru&apmt rr*shtiars oo the
a w c h , dscbrsP--
a# B%t Saj t&t Sm$&wur
Rev. x ;18.-" I am he that liveth, and was dad, and,
behold, I m alive forevennore. Amen ; and hare thc krye
of hcfl [hudes, the grave] and of death.'' Amen l Amm 1
our hearts respond; for in his resumaion we see the glori-
oriu otltcome of the whole plan of Jehovah,to be axxom-
p;ishcxf through the power of the Rewmdked One, who now
holds the keys of hell and of death, and in due time will, re-
Ictsc dl the prisoneni, who are, therefore, &led the "pris-
onem of hope." (Zech. 9: '12.) NO cTBft or cunning can
by any p&hle device wrest these Scriptures a&it and per-
vert th~mto the support of that monstrous and blasphemous
Papal trzdition of eternal torment. Had that been our pen-
alty, Christ, to I* aur vicarious sacrifice, must still, and to
all etentity, endure it, which is not the case, a s these Scrip
him a f i m . Nut datls our penalty, and "he died f a
out si~rs." and " x l ~ i ofOr the sins of the whole world."--
t Cur. 15:s; r Jnhtr z:o.
h. 2o;r3. 84.-*' A t ~ d!he .sea pave up the dQLd which
were in it; and d a t h witld k i t dclivcrnt tip thc dead which
were in them: altd they were jt~dged,every man, wording
to their works. And dmth MJ h ~ fwere I a s t into the lakc
of fire: this is the second death." fI'he lake of fire is the
s y d o t of final and everlasting destruction. Death and hell
both go into it. There shall be no more death.-Rev.
2z: 4.1
-
OTHER WWRRENCES OF THE WORD " H E W '
Having examined the ward s h , the original and only
word in the Old Testament for "hell," and the word lkulcs,
most frequently in the New Testament r e a d d d' hell," we
now notice wcq remaining instance in Scripture of tha
English word '*hell." In the New Tartamcnt two other
war& arr reDdcl+d +*hell ;" namcly, gkSmw a d tkwftmw,
we w i l l consider in the order awned
" o ~ R [ ~ w N A , "RI*IDE- *' HIELL''
This word occurs in the following paaeagcs--in all twelve
rime:-Matt. 5:22, 29, 30; xo:z%; 18:g; z3:15, 33;
Mark 9: 43-47 ; Luke 12:s ; Jas. 3:5. It is the Grecian
triode of spelling the Hebrew words wllicE1 are imnslatd
"the Valley ofUinnom." This valley lay just outside the
city of J d e m , and served the purpose of sewer and gar-
lxqgz bwuer to that city. 'fie offal,garbage, trtc., wetc
emptied there, and fires were kept contir~uizilyburning to
r o m m utte~lyall things deposited therein, brimtone be-
ing added to assist combustion and instare complete dstruc-
t ion. But a living thing u?asnever cast into grhe~rra. ' ]:he
;eas were not pem~itrdto torture any creature.
'blrhen we cansider that in the people of IsraeI God was
giving us obj& lessons illustrating his dealings and p h s ,
rxtsent axid fhture, we should exix& that this Vailry of Hin-
rwm, or ge/rcrms, would also play its put in illustrating
zliings future. We know that Israel's priesthood and
trmpb ill~strated the Royal Priesthood, the Chrjsriin
Chnrch as it will be, the true temple of God; and we know
that their chief city was n figure of the New Jenrsalem, the
scat of kingdom power and centre of authority-the city
(government) of the Great King, Immanuel. We rwgn-
Ier, too, that Christ's govcrnrnent is represented in the
txruk of Revelation (Rev. zx : z o - z ~ ) under the figure of a
pity-the New f rrusaltrm. There, after describing the clPPs
!wn~ittedto enter the privileges and bldngs of that King-
r3r~m-the honorable and glorious, and all who Zuzvc right
~ trees of life-we find it dm d e c M that there s W
c i the
trc/ mttr it& 2 itythiag th;j defrleth, or that w w W
rh~miilation,or mltoth a lie; but only ~ u c has the Lamb
a b i l prite as worthy of iife. This city, ra;p-tlng the
m1md mr1d in the end of the MiUwniurn, wm typified
or mprcscnted in the d 1 y dty, f madem ; and the dchr-
e4 rn Soy * Scqjm?vtt
ing, the olwminable, etc., the claw unworthy of life, wha
do not enter in, were teprccented by the refhe and the
bfthp, lifcim m~casasc s ~ tinto g c k w oudde the city,
for uttor destmcttion. Accordingly, wt find it stPtsd that
thaw not found worthy of life am to be cast into the '#lake
of firr" (Rcv. ao: x~>--)ire hm, aa emrywhar, bcing uscd
m a symbol of d c s ~ mand , the symbol, lrke of fire, be-
ing h w n from this same g~&-, or VItlley of Hfnnom.
ThurCorc, whik grhkaa scrvcd a useful la~poanto
the city of J&an aa a plaa for garbage burning, it, like
the city itself, waa typid, and illushrrred the future dcdings
of Cod in refusing md cominitting to destnrcrion atl tht
impure elemants, thus pnvtntix~gthem from ddliag the
holy city, the New j d a n , after the trial of the Milla-
nial age of judgment absll have fully pcmd them a d
tflted with unaring accuracy the #'shap" from the
"gaeta''
So, hen, grAnmo was a type or illusantion of the second
dutth--fid and c o m p h dt?smu:tion, from which therecan
be no racovay; for Plta that, "there remaincth no more
arnifica for sins," but only " f i q indignation which shill
a b w the ;idv~es."--Web. ro: s6.
But member that h l , for the purpose of being UBEd
as typs of God's future dding. with the race, waa typically
treated though the ransom had been given before they
left F a t , though only a typical lamb bpd been slain.
When Jcntsalem was built, and the Temple-rcpmcnrati~~
of the tnre temple, the Church, and the true kingdam as it
will In: established by Christ in thc Millwmium-ht pco-
pk typifid the worfd in the MillenniaI age. Their
nprc#ntcd tho gloflcd Royal Priesthood, and W r Lar*
aad its demands of perfect obedience r ~ p m r c the d law
aad conditionsunder the New Cavewnt, to be brought into
opeadon for tba b l d o g of d the obadiant, .ad for the
aondmnation of 911 who, when granted firllat opportdtp,
rill not heartily submit to the righteous d i n g md laws of
the Great King.
M a g , then, that luael's polity, condition, erc., profig-
ured thw of the worid in the coming age, how appropriate
thpt we should find tho valley or thyas, ~ ~ I ~ l ua lfigure
o , of
the sceond death, the utter destruAion in the coming age of
dl that is unworthy of prwmation ; alld how aptly, too, is
the s p W , "lakc of ike burning with brimstone" {Rev.
xp :lo), dmwn from this m t e geAma, or Valley of Hin-
nom, borning continually with brimstone. T h e a p d o n ,
"burning with brimstone," adds force to the symbol, "fire,"
to cxpnss tlre utter and i r r c v 6 I a deoaucltivenees of the
mond death; for the lotcot dcdu&ions of xienrista are that
k i n g brimstone is the most daadly rynt known. HOW
~ n a b l ctoo,
, to upeA that XsraeI would have courts and
fudge resembling or prefiguring such courts and judge in
the next age; and that the sentence of thoat (figurative)
courts of that (figumtive) people under those (fifrguntive)
laws, to that (fiSundve) &gap, ouddetttat (figurative) city,
would largely cormpond to the (real) sentences of the (red)
court and judges in the next age. If them paints am kept
in mind, they will p t l y absiat us in undrrstanding the
words of our Lord in refermce to geAenna; for though the
l i t d d b y just at brnd was named and r e i d to, yet hjs
wo& cany with them lemons conccmiag the future age
aid tke andtypid g~.kcsaa--thesecond depth.
MATT. $:ax, 22.
"Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time,
" I h u shah not kill; and ahsoever shall kill ghan bo
e the judge: ' but I say unto you,
~ m a b l to who6wsw
is n n b with his hiS[without a cam?] M I f f h s
PMia the rqpkiom of the red Kingdom] be menabla to
the judges; and whosoever shall ssy to hie broth, 'RneP*
[Pibifi'J.1W1be in danger of the high council; but what
Mryer sl~illlsay, "I'hoa fool,' shall be in danger of Ac#
~ f # . , ~$re?--"
]

'I'o trnderstmd theae nfezenca~to cmcil and judges and


+rt,r, all should know something of Jm'sh rrgulatione.
'Ihc b 1 Court of Judges consisted of seven men (or twenty-
three.-the number is in diepate), and had power to judge
mrnc chrws of crirna. Tht High Cottnril. or SRnhedrim,
rvitsiaed of sevmtp-onc men of recognized laming and
ability. This conatirurcd the highest courtof the Jews, and
itr aulm-isiou was over thegravest offenses- The m a t s d -
011s scntencc was death, but certain very obnoxious d m -
inals w e n sul>jected to an indiplity aficr dcath, being re-
itwl burid and GW with the ~ u e : w m01' dogs the city re-
f ~ etc.,, intogrhtntm, therc to Iw corin~med. The obj&
crf this burning in galirnntz WM to nukc tfrc crime and the
criminal clecestaMc in the y r s of the ~eaple,and signified
that the culptit was a hopless aW.It ~n~lrrt be remcrn-
Imcd that lsrocl h o w for a rcs~arcddotllrom tht tomb,
and hence thcy were partiashat in caring for tbe corpses of
their dead. Not realizing the firtnw of God's power, they
apptentty thonght he n d e d their asiqtance to that extent.
(I:xod, 1 3 ~ x 9 ;Heb. xr:a2; A i l s f : x s , 16.) Hence the
destruction of the W y in gehmttz aftu death implied to
them the I- of hope of future life by a resurre&ion. Thw
d second death in the same figurath m y
i t r e ~ j ~ e a t athe
that they as a people represented or illustrated a future order
of things undcr the N w Covenant.
Now notice that our Lord, in the above wardo, pointed
out to than that their eonstmftion of thc Lirn. swur
though it was, wsa far below ttrc real S m p t of that law,as
n shall be hcmpretsd under the real Kingdm and Judgro,
which thbm sly tppificd. He ahows tlmt the commmd af
tfinr l a w , '"lhxa shalt not kill,'* reached mucb fPrtbQ
than they mppajad; that d i m aqpt and ~ ~ W @ O D
4 d 8 i h a t l be" considard a violation of God's Law, under t b
New Covenant; and that such as, under the favorable can-
ditions of that new age, will not ref- so tfxomaghiy ps to
fully o b e God's f a w rvouid be counted wonhy of that
which t l u ~ U I C ~ ar them typified--tk second d
nOM &.
Hawever, the stria .severity of that Law will be d d
otily in proportion as the discipline, advantages and arsiat-
ance o f that age,msbling each to comp£ywith itn faw, tshd
be d i s r q ~ ~ e d .
The same thought is contintred in
~ ~ A T T5. :2 a-30.

''Ye h e h d , " ctc., *' but T m y unto you . . . it


is better bt thee to lose one of thy n~wnbrs,thsn that thy
wlrotc lmdy should Ile cast into g e A c t ~ ~ . * '
Here again the operation of W ' s I a w under the New
Covenant k ~ o n t w i t e dwith its operation under the Old or
'Jewish Covenant, and the Imwn of self-control fo ~ g e dby
the statanent that it is fw more profitahie that men should
refuse to gratify dep~ltvcddesire3 (though be dear to
them as n right eye, and ajtpwntty indispsabie as a right
k~ild)than t h theysh~llld@ify thtse, and 1 0 s ~in~ the
second death, the future life grbvidd through the atone-
ment for all n * b will return to perf&ion, holiness and
God.
Thesc expressions of our Lord not only senvc to show us
rite pe+crch'm (Rom 7: 12) of God's Law, and how fufiy it
will be defined and enforced in the Millennium, but t l i q
e r v d as a lesson to the Jews also, who previordy raw
through Moses' commands only the cnidc exterior o f the
law 8f Cod, S n t e thy found it diffictilt in their Wkn
stsw to keep inviolatt eren the surface sigriificencrt of tht
tm. &v m m i naw see the fmpdbility of tbur Eccping
the limt ~ a ~ a r tcrfi nthe~ Iaw r d o d by CbnSlt Had t b q
und*mtirr* l vc t r i rct:civcd his teaching fully, thtg would hnvt
i A t m ! if God judges US thus, by thevery t h ~ ~ & t s
* z ~#>tit.
and itr tents ul the heart, we rue all unclean, all undone, and
am hope for naught but condemnation to g e h e (to st&.
& r ~ f l i m ,at bnt& bopsts). Tbty s ~ a u M bve ctiad,
" Shi~wus a grarter primhood than that of Aaron, a priest
eruj tmc11uable&& to appreciate the Law, and able fully
tu ipi~rcciateand sympathize with our fallen state and in-
hcritd weakresses, and let him oKer for us 'better dk,'
rnd apply to us the needed grester forgiveness "2 sin, and
let trim as a great physician heal us and reptore us, so that
wc con obey the p e r 6 6 Law of God from our h m ~ "
I'hm they would have found Christ.
13rit this lesson thcy did nor learn, for the cam of their
understanding wen " dull of hearing; " hence thcy knew
not that God had n t d y prepad the vcry prim and socri-
fice and teacher and physician they needed, who in ductime
rrdrwl~cdth- under the &?ui.a/ Iaw, 85 well a all not nn-
d a it, and who a h "in due time," shortly, will begin his
retoring work-restoring sight to the blind tpes of their
understanding, and hearing to their dmf ears. Then the
"rail ahall be taken away"-& vail of ignomce, pride
and human wisdom which Satan now uses to blind the
worId to God's true law and true plan of salvation in Christ.
And not only did our Lord's teaching h e n sfsow the law
of dx New Covenant, and teach the Jew a lason, but it is of
lxnefit to the Eoapel Church slso. I n proportion aa we km
the d n e s s of God's h w , and wimt would constitute+
JcR)~ under
~ its requirements, we see that our Redczma wes
pe&&t, and that we, totally unable t o commend omelves
to God aa lmpm of th.t Law, can find uxupbww with
the Father only in tho merit of our Radaaaer, whlle none
anbd &at e*body,"cor&radbpthe m k o f Ma right-
~ c r c c p *CO-xld
t Wh0~drbDdo~i
rhose thinga WCRplcPaiqg to W,whkafi includGstha avofd-
ing of tin to thoexmt of rbiiity. Y e their mcepabiiity
withGodrartrmtin tirdrpcrfk&ot,batup.hpedec-
tion of Cbrict. ao long crs they abide In him The=, ncv-
&less, uo oatefited by a cfav insigbt Ltrbthe perf'
Losr 6f #d, even though they are not dependent on the
perf& keeping of it. Thcy Might to do God's will to the
aatnt of thdr abilty, and the better they know hk perCb3
Law8 the bma they arc able to rule themdves and # con-
fomr to it. So, then, to tts a h the Lord's words iavc o
fcaaon ofvalue.
The point, however, to be specidly noticed bere is that
the g k a which the Jews knew, md of which out bd
spoke to them, mu not a lake of tire to be kept burning to
dl etanltp, into which dl would Ix: csst who get "aagry
with a brother" and d l him a 4df001." No; tbe Jews
gatbed no d tmmnc idea from the Lord's words. The
ecema1 torment theory wss unknown to them, as wet1 as to
all the haithen nations. It had no p h in their theology,
as will be shown. It fs a comparatively modern invention,
coming down, as we hove shown, from Papcy-the grrat
apostasy. The point is that g c b m ~ symboIixes tbe second
deat&-uua, complete and everlasting destruction. Thi
L dearly shown by its being contrasted with hj% es its op-
posite. **It L better for thee to enter into halt, or
maimed, tkan otherwk to be csst into gcJlb#no." It L
better that pou ehoald deny yoorselves tdnttrl grdications
thaa that you Idlasle all hture life, nnd perish in the
becond b t h .
an: ro:28; LUKE x a : ~ .
46Fasrnot fhern which kill the body, but w not able to
Wt the d: tnrt nuhar faPr bmr which i a able to dea-
wch raul and body in kc# -3." Sea dm anatbet
w a n t of the same diacouw~by Luk8-t n :& 5.
Hue our Lord pointed out to his follorrcn tha gnnt camst
thcy M for courage and bmvery under the most trying cir-
cum-. I'hey weit to ex@ pcmmrion, aad to bavr
*ti manncx of evil spoken against than &help, for 6fr sake,
and (or the sake of the "good tidings" of which he made
than the ministers and heralde; yea, tho time wmld come,
rhut w h o s m ~ l d kill thorn would think that he did
God o service. Their camlation or rewbrd for this WSB to
be m i v e d , not in the present life, but in the life ta come.
They were aswed, and thcy believed, that he had m e to
give his life a ransom for many, and that all in their graves
must in coosqwnce, in due time, hear the ntliwret's voice
and come forth, either to reward (if their trial was pus& in
this life successfully), or to trial, as it must be to the great
majority who had not, in this pmsent life, come to the nec-
essary knowledge and opportunity essential to a hir trial.
Undcr divine arrangement men are nl4e to kill our bonics,
but nothing that they-= do will dect our kings (soula),*
which God has promised shall be revived ox restored by his
power in the resu&ion day--the Millennia1 age. Ow
revived so~~ls will hsvf new bodies (spiritual or natu&--" to
eacb 'seed' his own Bind ofJ body"), and then none will
hare liberty to kill. Cod alone h a power to destroy us
w ~ w l y - s o u l and W y . He alone, thwefore, should be
fd; and the q3pition of men oven to the dmth
is not to be feared, if theretry we gain divine approval.
Ow Lord's bidding then k, Fear not them which cea
terminate the prtsent (dying) life in i h e poor dying
bodis. Care little for it, its food, its clothing, its pleas-
ures, in comIrarjson with that future existence or Mng
which God has provided for you, a11d which, if d,
- .--.--
't'ltr W r t c n T O W ~Oetabar
~, Ij, I&.
mry be pour portion iamccr. F a r nor the thmtt, or
looks, or P&S of ma, whose power can a t e n d no f&er
than the present existence; who can harm and IrlU these
bodica, but can do no marc. Rather have mapclCt m d d d -
erencc t o God, with whom are the issues of life n r t r f ~ ~ q y
-fear him who is able to &stroy in gdmaa, the second
dmth, bath the present dying existence and all h o p o f the
fuWc existence.
Here it is conclusively shown that g c h a a , as a figure,
represented the second death-the utter destru6tjon whicb
must ensue in the csseof all r h o , after having fully r w i v e d
the opportunities of a future being or existence through our
Lord's sacrifice, prove thenrselves unworthy of God's giR,
and refuse to accept it, by refusing ots?dinncc to God'sjwt
requirements. For it dots not say that God will ~YCJENG
soul or body in grlrmno, but that in i t he can and will
dcstrr,y7' both. Thus we are ralsght that any who art
condemned to the second death are hopelessly and forever
blotted out of existence.
atam. x 8 :8, 9 ; MnRa g :43-48.
[Since thcse two passges refer to the same discourse, we
quote fram Mark-remarking that vepes 4 4 and 46, and
{art of 45, are not found in the oldest Greek MS.,though
vcne 48, which reads the same, is in all manuscripts. We
quote the text as found in these ancient and reliable MS.]
f f thy hand offend thee, cut it OK: it is better for thee to
enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into
g~.r/rerrw,.t, into the fin! tbat never shall be quenched. And if
thy foot ogend t h e , cnt it 0% it is better forthm to enter
t ~ d into
t life, than having t w o fket to Irc cast fntogthorsa.
And if thine eye offcnd thee, pluck i t out: i t is better for
rhce to entcr into the kingdom of God with one eye, than
basing two eyes to be ca6t into g c h n a , where the w o r n
dim not and the fire is not quenched.'
Afkr reading the abowIdl musr a p x with the prophol
t& oat Lord opened his mouth in figurn and obawc my-
ing. (Pm.!&:a; h9au. t3:35.) NO one for a momen$
mppmcs that ow Lord adv3Jod the people to mutihfc W r
Mia by cutting off their limb, or gougiing out W t egce.
Nor does he meon rrs to unQ;.nrEand that tbe injuria tlnd
diafigumxmm of thc pxwmt W e will coathue beyond tbe
gnvc, when m shall "er&cr into U f c " Thtt jm whom
the Lord addrewed, having no conception of a plncaof ever-
Irau'ng tormmt, and who knew the word ~EAWWW to
to the valley outside thdr city, which was not rr p h of
torment, nor a pface whme m y living thing was olt, but a
plPcc for the utter dcPtru&ion of whatwer might bo csst
into It, m a p i z i n g rht Lard's expression rcgprding l i m b
a d gs to be figunrtivc, knew that gehrrma also was uaed
in the same figtmtiw be~c,to symbolize destru&ion.
The Lord meant simply this: 'i'he fuhrre life, which Eod
h a prodded for ndetmed man, is of inestimable vahw,
and it will n'chly p y you to make any sacrifice to receive
m d enjoy thnt life. S h d d it cven cost an eye, a b a d cu
a toot, w that to all eternity you would In:obliged to en-
dure the loss of these, yet life would be C ~ Q L Pat e ~ e nd
a cost Thot would be better far thnn to retain yout man-
bn,a d laee all in g c k c u ~ ~ .Daubtleers, too, the h a e a
drew the te980n rur applicable to all the pffairs of life, and
understood the Master to main that it would richly rrpay
than to deny therrnaelveo maay comforts, piemam md
t ~ i i t ~deartothcmssarighthand,
~, preciouspeameye, md
s;evico.ble as a foot, rather than by gnrtiticstion ta f d &
the Xifa to come and h utterly destroybd ln-g
#conti death.
Ihrt what a h t thc undying womm md the onq~~l~chub
firt?
We MI)=* tbc H t C d ##a
which b dw brrir Uf
aror Lord's i i b t r d o n , the bodies of rmimrtr, e e , fnc
queatlg fell upon l e d p of rocks and not into tbt fire kept
turning below. Thus exposed, thesewould breed worms md
te destroyed by them, aa axnpletdy and sr ourcly m rbaa
whkh burned. No one wasallowed to disturb thecontents of
this valley; beace theworm and the fire togdam completed
thc work of dcsmn9ion-the fire was not quenched m d tho
worms died trot. This would not imply a never-ending
dn, nor everlsstlng worms. The thought is that thewornil
did aat die off and larve the c;uras9cs thm, but continued
and completed the work of des&d%w. So with the fire
a h : since it was not quenched, it burnod on until all was
consumed,. Just so if a house were on C?e and the firecoutd
uot tc controtlad or qucnchcd, but burned k.tiil the buiid-
.
ing was dcstmycd, % rnigfit d l it an '* unqac.Wle
&re.#'
Our Lord wished to imp- the thought of the +t1-
.rarsand fiaality of the second death. All H-hogo into tke
recond death will be thoroughly and completely and forever
destroyed; no ransom will ever agoin be given for any
(Rom. 6 :9) ; for nane worthy of life will k cast into the
k d death, or lake of fim, but only those who lave un-
righteuusrm a b coming to the knowledge of the truth.
Not only in the above instances is the second death point-
417 illus&ted by g&nno, but it is evident that the ame
'kcher IIS4d the aame figure to repxaent the same thlng in
the syxnbolrP of Revelation, though them it b not called
&ema, h t a g'lakc of fire."
The aamc valley was once boibre used as the b i s of a
dkotxrse by the Pro het IS&. (I=. 66 :zqi.) Though
he give@it no n.nte, gc datriebeq it; and dl should notice
illat he sp&, not as some with fabe ideas might up&,
uf billions dive in Aamerr and torture, but of the crv)bsses of
chcv wbo tmmyad against th Lmd, who uc thus m p
t w t d d u utter y datmyd in tkc rccsnd d d
The two preceding v c ~ e showr the time wka thh pmph-
cey will tw fulfillai, and i t k in perfect harmony with the
qrnlmts of Revelation: it i s in the new dispensation, or the
Miflmnium, in the "new heavens and new arth" condi-
tion of things. Then a11 the righteous will sa the justice
na weit as the wisdom of the utter dcstmction of himor-
rigiblc, wilful enemies of righteousness, ns it is written:
d c They abmll be an abhorring unto dl flesh."
W ~ T T . 23:x 5, 33.
The class he* addressed was not the heathen who had no
knowledge of the truth, nor the lowet and maet igwuant
of the Jewish nation, but it was the Scribes and P h r u i
outwardly the most religious, md the leaders and teachers
of the people. To these our Lord said, 4 4 How u n ye
-pe the judgment o f g b n a f" These men were *h
criticd: they were not hue to thcir convictions of rha
truth. Abundant tmtimony ot the truth had bcm borne
to them, bat they refused to acccpt it, and endeavored to
counteract iu influence and to discournye the people from
accepting it. And in thus misting the holy spirit of light
and mth, they were hnrdcning their heartsagainst the v c y
W n c y which God designed for their bieseing. Hence t h y
w e wickedly resisting his G W C , and suchacourre, if pur-
sued, must eventually end fn, condemnation to the second
death, gckcmw. Every s&p in the direction of wifat
blindness snd opposition to the truth makes return more
difficult now, as then, and makes the wrong-doer more and
more of the character which God abhors, and which the
Second Ueatb is inended to utterly destroy. '& Scribes
and i'harisces were progressing rapidly in that course: hence
the warning inquiry of our Lord, "How can ye escape?"
a. Tlle *\se is, Although you boast of your piety, you
will surely be dt~tmyedin g c k a o , unlcsl you durngc your
J- 3:6.--"So [ImportPntJ ia th: ton(pe .pwag om
mmbcsr, that it dbskrth the whole body, and scW& on 6a
tbs:coturcofmtm,md [or -3 it irsetonfiraofgc-
k~~a."
W u r , in strong symbok limpage, the A p d t pinti oat
the gnrc and bsd influence of an evil ton- bong* ret
on fire (figuratively) by g t k ~ n r (figurative).
t For a ton-
to be set on fire of gcIrmno.aignifies that it is set going in
evil by a puvm diaycaition, self-willed, sdkh, hnttful,
maficiolrg the s a t of dispusition which, in spite of howl-
a@ and opportunity, unless controlled and reformed, will
be counted worthy to be datroyed-the cksp for whom the
a6acamddeath," the d "lake of fire," the nal gchsnu,
i s intended. One in thd attitude m y by his t o n p kindle
a p a t fire, a dcrtnt&ive disturbance, which, whereva it
has cent&, will work evil in the entire course of nature. A
few malicious words often amuse all the evil passions of the
speaker, engender the same in others aud m(5t upon the
fiwt. And continuance in such an evil course finally cor-
m~fs the entire m=, and brings him under sentence pa ut-
tcrly wrworthy of fife.
u ~ ~ ~ ~ ~E ~R Eo 'Dor x"~ p '
The Greek radarno occurs but once in the Ncw
Testament, and is tnwked krl% It is found iu a Pet. a :r
which muis thus :
"God spared not the angels who sinned, h t cast [t&m3
dtun to he22 [~art(v010], and defimed them into chains of
da~knem,M bt r c i e d wr#, ,*&tent. '*
Having examined all other words rendered *'hell," in
the Bible, and d l the tarts in which they occur, we con-
rlude the examination 4 h thi. text, which i s the nnly one
t
in which ,tht word t d ~ ~ (occuro
1 0 iaa the Scripturts. la the
dmetatt,all thewordsstrorm in &a&typegnannsh.ttd
&mithe one G d word &dm. Evidently the budil
tan were or o losr to know haw to d a t e th word, in#
aanduded they knew where tlrs evil angels ought to be,
urd so they rmbde bold to put t h into "hct1," though it
taok six words to twist the Maainto the shag they had pn-
determined it mugt lake.
The woxd krrfaroe, t t d by ~ e r clitdy
y rca~mbIa,
motw,a word usad in Grecian mythology M the nomc for
a &k dyu twpn3011. But the word tut?i~woo LYCIM to re-
fer more to an a& than to a p h . The fall of the angeb
who sinned was f m honor and dignity, into dishonor and
condemnation, and the thought seems to bc---"God sparrd
nor the mgcb who dnncd, but dcgr&d f&m, and deUv*
ard than into chains of darknca*"
This certainly agrsos with the && known to us through
& Scriptura; for these faIlen spirits frequented the ePrth
in the day of w r Lord md the apostles Hence they were
not bun in some p k e , but Ifdown " in t b eenee of being
&p&d from former honor and til~rty,and rcatrained un-
der darknas, as by a chain. Wheneva thest fallan spirits,
in spiritualistic wnaar, manifest their powers through me-
diums, pretending to be certain dead humnn bcinga, they
must always do their work in the dark, bccpusc ddcnwa
is the chain by which they ore bound && 'I
thegreat Milltn-
nid day of judgment. Whether thia implies thatin thc Sm-
d ifuture thay will be able to materialize in daylight is
& W t t to doccnnine. If so, it wottkl greatly lnctcarre
S t a n ' s paver to blind and decbivt for a short m - u n -
ti1 the Sun of Rightcausncss hes fially risen ~ n dSatan it
fblly bound.
ThPs we ctase our investigation of the Bible use of the
ward "he11." ThankCod,wefindno such placeof ever-
W n g torhue ar the creeds wad hymn-books, and many
pulpits, aronsaaly tach. Yet we have found a #*WW
rIko4 W e & to which 411 ow race were condemned on ac-
count of Adam's sin, and from which d l arc ttdenncd by wr
Imd's death ;nnd that 'ahell"is the t a m L t t k death condi-
tion. And wednd~nother"hell" Cpe/ursna--tbestxoad drat&
- u ~ a dcptmcdon) brought to our attention at the tinal
pcnnlty upon all who, alter IKiny d e e m e d and bmught to
the full knowkedge of the truth, and to 3tN ability to obey
it, shall yet choosr! death by choasing a coun# of o p ~ t i o n
to God and rightwuanaes. And our h a r t s say, Amm.
'I'm and rightcow arc thy ways, rho11 King of nations.
W h o &dl not vmaate thee, 0 Ilord, aud glorify thy
aame? Far thou art entircly hoiy. And all nations shaU
come and wolllhip before thee, IxeJus~thy righteous dad-
i n s are metfr manifest.
PARABLE OF THE RICH MAN AND LAZARUS.
-Me r6ttg-38. -
The diffi'ity with ~ D M Yj33 d i n g thfs actiparre la
rht, though theynrgPtdit ariapa*rble, tkywamn on itand
d n w conclusions from it as though it w e a ltitenzl state-
inent. To regard it as a L i t 4 statement involws s e v d
nbsnrdities; for instance, that the rich man went to hell "
h a u s e he h d enjoyed many eorthlg Masings and gave
rrothing but cnunlwr to Lar;atus. Not r word is said about
his wickedness. Again, Iazaxus wrslr bid, not b0fau11c
fir wes B sinere child of God, full of faith and tnrst, not
kcawe he was good, but simply because Ire was pmr a d
ad. Xf this be inunpwted litcmily, the only logical hson
to be drawn G-om i t is, that unless wc M? bqgpm fuIl
of saw, we will never enter into futurr bliss; and that if
trow we w a r any fine linen and purple, and baw? plenty to
eat wuy b y , we are sun: of futmr t o m n t . Again, the
mveted of favor is "Abraham's basom ;" and if the
wbok rtawmcat be l i d , the &OSOM must Pbfo be firml,
mad i t utreitly would not hold vay mnny of earth's miltfon,
of Jck and poor.
Hut why mndder absurdities? As a parable, it is easy+of
interprelztioa. In a prabk the thing said is never the
thing meant. W e know this from our Xxrrd's own urplana-
tians of his panbles. When he said *'wheat," he meant
"children of the kingdom;" when he d d "tams," he
meant the children of the devil ;" when he said '"cap-
err;," his savants were to be undmtaod, ctc. (Matt 13.)
The same cbses \\*ererepresented by ddiE'errnt symbols in
di8erent pambles, Thus the '*wheat " of one parable corm
s p n d to the " faithful bcnrat~ts," and the "wise virgins" of
others. So, in this parable, the "rich mmon " rep&ntzl a
chs, and Lazanls repreeats another class.
In attempting to expotrnd a prattle wtch as this, an ex-
planation of which the Iarcf docs not furnish ns, modesty
in utprcgsing our opinion reprdi~lgit is certainly appropri-
ate. We therefore offer the following explanation without
any nntmpt to force our views t ~ p o the
i ~ reader, except so fat
ss hi own truth-enlightened judgment may commend them
as in accord with God's Word and plan. To o w under-
standing, Ab~irhamrepresented God, and the "rich man "
representer3 the Jewishnation. A t the rime of the utterance
of the parable, and for a long time prwio~ts,the Jews hed
#&fared sumptuolrsly every day '*-being the especial recipi-
tom of God's favom. As Paul says: "What advantage,
then, ha& the J w P Much every way : chidy, because to
them were commitsad the orodor, of Cod [LBWand
Propkyj.'' The promises to Abraham and David invested
t h t p p l e with royalty, as represented by the rich mur'a
ccprrp&.'* The typical serritIccP of the Law cordtune8
?ban, in a typical sense, a b i y (dghtcaur) adolo, rrpl?.
mad by the rich mnn's *#$w ~ , " ~ l of irightc
lousncs&-ReP. 19 :8.
I m s u s reyresmted tlu outcasts from divine faoar mda
the Law, who, though ain-sick, hungered and clrinrtrxl &cr
rjghteousnesa Although those included i61)ubliaum and
sinners'"of Israel, in the main they were Gentites--sll na-
tions of the world aside front the Isractitw. These, at the
time of the utterance of this parable, \$*erea~tirelydestitute
of those special divine blessiilp which Isracf et~joyed. 'I'lrey
lay at the gate of the rich man. No rich promises of ray-
aZty wcm theim ; not wen typically were they clemsed ; lntt,
rrl rnaral s i c k n a , potlution and sill, they were corn1mnions
of "dogs." D o e were regwdeci Z : L ~ riercstable creatures in
t h e days, and the typically r:lcw~ ]err. c sllfd the oukiden,
'chathen " and "do&*;," anti wor~itlttcver eat with them, nor
ntarry with them, nor havcany dealings with them. (fohn
1 :g.) As to how these ate of the "cnirnbs" of divine fa-
vor which fell from Irrmd's tnlJt of' I)bunti+u;, the X ~ r d ' s
words to the Syro-l,hrrcnician w70nlan give us a key. Re
aid to this Gentile woma~l---"ft is not meet [proper] to
tlke the children's [Israelites] bread and to cast it to
d o g [Gentiles]; " aad she amvered, '' l'nith, Lord, but the
dogs eat of the crumb that fall irom their miwter'a table."
(Matt. 15 :2G, 2.1.) Jesus hutlcd her daughter, thus giving
the desired crumb OF favor. But there came r time (when
as a nation they rej&edand crucified the Son o f God)when
their t).Ejical righteolxsnarr ceased-when the promise of
royalty cased ta be theirs, and the kingdom was t3Jtm from
them to LK given to a nation bringing forth thc fruits tiwmof
-the Gospel Church, "a holy nation, a peculiar people."
(Titus 2 : ~ 4 ; x Pet. a:?, 9 ; Matt. a r : ~ g . ) The "rich
nron " died to all these special advantages, and soon he (the
Jewish tation) found h i d f in a --off condition,-in
rribulstlon and &i&ion. In wch condition rk*a atrtfoh
h a s u f f d from that day to this.
LePvus aL#r died: the condition of thsr h m b k ~~
and the "outcasts" of Iprnd undawcnt r chnnge, and from
them mcmy w m cam'ed by the angels ( ~ g ~ ~
etc.) to Abraham's bosom. Abrahem is r e p r ~ a ~ t G nedtha
falhm of the faithful, and receives dl the children of faith,
who are thus re~ogaizedas the heirs of all the promises madr?.
to Abntham ; for the c h i l h n of the Rcsh are not the chil.
den of God, " but the chiidren of the promise a n countoll
for the J&" (children of Abraham) ; which seed Ir
Christ ;"--ad s6 if ye be Christ's, then arc ye @IintersJ
Abraham's seed [childnn],and heirs according to the [Abm-
hamicJ promise." (Gal. 3 :29.) Y e , the tmination of
the condidon of things then existing was well illwnted by
the figure, dmth-the dissolution of the Jewish polity and
the withdm4 of the favors which Xsmel had so long en.
joyed. There the Jews were cast o@ and have since bern
shown "no favor," while the yoor Gentile, who before
hod bcar "aliens from the commonwealth (the poIityJ of
Israel and strangers from the covenant of promise [up to
this time given to Israzl only] having no hope and m i r W
God in the world," were then "made nigh by the b t d of
Christ" and reconciled to God.-Eph. 2 :I 2, I 3.
To the symblisms of death and Ewrial used to iPwriato
the d i l u t i o n of Lsrael and their burid or hiding among
the other nations, our Lord added r further iigure*$Inhell
f/rrukr, thc grave] he lifted up his eyes, being in torments,
and e h Abrrham afar off," ctf. T h e &ead m o t liR up
their eyat, nor see either near or fPTI nor convene ; for it b
W n c t l y stated, "There is no work, nor device, nor Knoltrf-
r&t, nor wisdom, in the w e ; " and the dead are de
scribed an those who &'go down into sithwc." (Ecd.
g:xa; Lbie rrg:r?.) But the Lord 1#isbed to rhorr tbar
dcrilypi or 'ttonnen~ " would be added to the Jew
as a -tion a p e thdr national dimohnion ogcf kuisl,d
th.ttbcpwouId pkrd in Minior h a t thebandoftbe
farmrarly dmpiscd Centilar. And hktoy hsa b e out the
parabolic prophecy. Xor eighteen bun- yeus tht 3-
ham not only been in d r
P
iw of mind over thdr d n g opt
from the fjiw of God and the 1 0 s o f their temple and
other n m S e ato the ofticring of their mcdhxs, but they
haw been relcntlossly pcmccuted by dl &sea, inchding
prof& Christians. It wm from the latter that the Jews
have expected mercy, as e x p d in the parabl-*'Sad
Zusarru, that he n a y dip the tip of his finger in rnater and
cool my tongue;" but the grcat gulf fixed between thcn
hinders &at. Ncverthclmm, God still recognizes the relation-
ship ad~bljshedin his covenant with them, and addra~aes
than as children of the covcnnnt. (Verse 15-) T h e
4*mmusts"have bem the penaltics attached to the viola-
tion of their covenant, and were as d n to be vMMd
upon than as the blaasings promised for obedibncc.-
Lw. 26.
T h e "great gulf fix&'' tepra#nts the &C dfirmcc be-
tmcn the Capel C h h zmd the Jew-the former enjoying
free gmcc, joy, comfort and -,as tNC sons of Cod, a d
thc latter holding to the LawLwhich condemns and tor-
man& him, Prejudice, pride and m r . from the Jewish
side, form the b u l d of this gutf which hinder the Jew
from coming into the condition of true sons of God by rc-
r d n g Mulst and the gaepct of his grrce. T h e bulwark of
this gulf which hiadem uw!sons of God from going to rhe
jcw--under the bandage of the h w - i s their knowledge
that by the decds of t h Law none am bu Justified bafam
C h d , and that if any man Rasp &b J h u (put h i d f unda
it to try to commend h l f to God by of obedienes
to it), Christ shall profit him nothing. (Gal, 5 :*4.) SO8

thcn,wewhopreof the L p n W c h ahonldnotutomptto


mix t b c L . r m ~ d ~ C a a p d , l t a ~ g t thrycraaat
hat kr
miretf, and that we can do no good to t h trbo ~ ding
4s CMhr Say #k-#SJ
to the ZPlr and rejet9 the S~+CC fw tins gfvar by w
fnrd. And they, not seeing the c b g t of d3npamtioo
which took p b I argue that to deny the Low us tho porn
to save would be to deny all the past histor~lof their r ~ o e ,
urd to deny allof God's spociai &slings with the "fathem"
(jmmisa and dedings which through pride and selfishnca
they &led xightly to apprehend and me>;h e m they can-
not come over ta the bosom of Abdum, into the tme red
and -the portion of all the tnn? children of fnith.-
John ~ : ~ ~ ; * R4:x6;
o m . Gd. 3:s9.
' h e , a few Jeas probpbfy fame into the Christian €Sth
41 the way down the Gcrrpcl age, but ao few SB to beignored
in a pantbh: which represented the Jewish peopleas a whole.
As at the first, Dives represented the orthodox Jm,and not
the "oorcMto of Israel," so down to the dose of the por-
able he continues to repratmi a jiniilar c h , and henee docs
not rcpnsent such Jews as have renounced the Law Cave-
nmt and embraced the New Covenant, or mch as have bc
come infideb.
The plea of tht rich man for the sending of hzsms to his
five brethren m interpret as f01iows:
The people of Judca, at the time of our LoxdvaurteMcs
of this parabie were repeatedly dcrred to oo "Iinrd,'' ''the
lost sheep of tbe house of Xsacl," "cities of h e f , " etc,
kause 811 of the tribes were npmenred fhere; bat acadly
the majority of the people were of the two tribes, Judah and
Benjamin, the m ~ w s of the ten Mks not having nhvned
6rom Babylon under Cynre' g e n d pemrkion. If the aa-
don of the Jowa [chidy two tribes) wen repmmt.4 in the
olu as rich mpn," it wouM bo a barmony of n u m b to en.
daraund tht "6ve brethren" to represent the tcn rribm
chi*ra#asd* T h e ~ r d u i ~ d t o t b m a
douSttemrkKmddto$101thQt1JI*&~ofeOd
4 s u a d t o t b s m t n W a ~ ~~d& ~ ~ d t t h e t a r o ~ b
&drew&. It accnz~to w mident that brael only wna
meant, for no other nation than h 1 had "Moatrs nnd thc
prophets" as instructars. (Verse 29.) The ten tribeshad
so fkr disregarded Moscs and the prophets that they did
not rehrrn to the land of promise, but preferred to dwelt
among idolaters ; and hence it would be useless toattempt
fwthet communication with them, even by one from the
dead-the figuratively dead, but now figuratively risen,
Gentiles who kad received Christ.-Eph.
Though the p m b l c mentions n o bridging of this "great
gulf," other portions of Scripture indkatc that it aw to be
''fixed" only thronghotit the Cuspel age, and that at its
close the ('rich nun," having receivcd the measure of pun-
isl~mentfor his sins,* wilt wa1k out ctf hi&fiery troubfa nvcr
the bridge of God's mercies yet ttnfitlfillcd to that natioa,
Though for centtiria the JEWShave been bitterly pede-
cuted by Pagans, Mohammedans arid profwd Christians,
they are now grndunlly rising to political fwcdom and in-
Ruence ;and as a people they will be very prominent amang
the nations in the beginning of the Aiillcnninm. The rail
of pnjlrdice still exis&, but it will bc grat!dly taken away
as the light of the Afillennial morning dawns; nor should
we be surprised to hear of great awakenings among the
Jews and many corning ta stcknowtcdge Christ. They will
thus leave their &dean state (national death) and torment,
a n d cohu?, the first of the nations, to Ire blessed by the
tnic seed of Abraham, which is Christ, heed and M y .
Their bulwark of race prejudice a ~ t dpride is falling in some
places, and the humble, the p o x in spirit, are beginning
already t o look upon him they have pierced, and to
inquire.1~not this the Christ 3 And as t h y look tka,fiotd
pours txpon them t$s spirit of favor and ~llppIimUoa..
- * Sea Iar +:5,s. mugin, asst Scripture B i d 4 Vat. n.
pas;c a**
( Z d .r a :xa.) T M o r c , "Speak ye d o n a b l y to Je
mdcm, and cry unto ha that het appointed tin# is occom
@ishcXf."-Isz 40:r, 2, margh.
In 4 word, this parable saans to teach pmddy what Paul
expWned in Rom. zz:rp-33. &causcofunbeliefthenat-
ural branches were broken off, and the wild branches &&d
f nto tbeAbrahamicroot-pmmisc. The penable lcavol thcJews
in their trouble, a d does not refer to their final nstoaation
to favor-doobtkser because it wrrr not pertinent to the fcat-
ttrr of the subject treated ; but Paul asairs us that when the
fulncm of the Gentiles-the full number fmm among the
Gentiles n v to make up the bride of Christ-is come
in, e6they[the Israelites] shafl obtain mercy through your
(the Church's] mercy." H e atsures uo that this Is God's
covenant with flu/&Ii-raeZ (who last the higher, spiritual,
promhm, but arc still the pcssssms of d n carthfy
promise, to become the chief nation of a h , etc. In
proof of this statement, he quotes from the prophets, say-
ing: "The deliverer shall come out of Zion [the glorified
Church], andshall turn away ungodliness from jccob [the
fleshly ad]." "As concerning the G a p d [high dIing],
they arc enemies tarst 041 for your &es; but aa touching
the election, they arr? beloved far the fathers' dd*
"For God hath cuncMed thgn all in unbcrid, that he
might have mercy upon dl. 0 thc depth of the r i b ,
both of tht wisdom a d knowledge of God]'*-Ram.
K K :16-33.
PARABU OF TIIB SHEEP AND GOATS.
urn. a5 :31-46.
~Thacr&Uprr*~frdocTarbdmg~~~dghta
*ha Ufe &."
While &a Saiptms, as we have rho-, do not tachtht
bhphcmolrs do&dne af cftrnol torment, thry do mcst em-
p W d 1 y teach the e k r d punishment of the wickbd, ttbe
ctam epmantcd in this p b l e te g a b . Let us aamins
tbt patable, Pmd then the sentence pronounced at its do#.
It hap been truly said that '' Order is Heaven's fitM law;
yet fm, we tbink, have realized how ernphoticnlly this ir
me, In glancing back over the pIan of the ages, then i s
nothing which gives such conclusive evidence of a Divine
JXrector aa the order obmvsd fn all its pauta.
As we have seen, God has bad definite sad stated times
and seasons for every part of his work ; and in the end of
&of these seasonst h m b been a finishingup of that work
and a clearing OH of the rubbish, preparatory to the begin-
ning of the new work of the dispcnsatim ta follow. Thus
in the end of the first dispensation (from m i o n to the
flood), which, an we have seen, was p M under the controI
of the angels, then wss a fmishing work-en exhortation
through Noah to forsake sin and turn to righteot~css,aad
a warning of certain &bution. And when the nrd of
the time allotted for chat dispensation had come, thar wae
a wtledkion and saving of all that was worth saving, and a
clean sweeping desuu&ion of rill the refuse; and with that
which remained a new -tion bqp.
In the end of the Jewish age the same order is ob-
servcd-a harusting and complete separation of the wheat
cllss from the chaff, and an entire rejaion of the latter
clag from God's favor. With the few judged worthy
in the end of that age, a new age, i. c., the Gaspd age9
began; and now we find ourselves amidst the closing
scenes (the harvest) of thip age. The wheat and the tare9
which have grown together during thia age ore being aep
axat&. And with the iomnr of which our Lord
Jesus Is the Had, a new agc! is about to be i n w ~ ~ u m t d ,
m d &em are to reign as kings and priests in that new d i
penation, while the 'dtrm" h t n t L judgd uttab
rmrorthy of thst fnrrot.
Whife oimeving this orda with n f m c c w the d i i -
satiom put and the one just daslng, our Lard infomrs ua
through the pamble under considemtion that the ranre o r b
will LC 01r;crvcd with reference to thr: dirpPnPtJon to follaw
this Gospel age.
The harvest of the Jewish age ww l i k d to the sepuxa-
tion of w h a t fmm chaff; the harvest of this ag?r to tbescp-
anrtion of wheat f ~ m rtares; and tho isarvadt of the MiHen-
nirrl age to the sepmtion of'sheep from goats.
h t the parabk of the sheep and goats rcfus to the Mil-
lenniat age is clearly indicated iu vases 31 and 3 ~ - ~ m ' rn
/%rc s n of mu# r w COIIYC is AIs g/Oly,a d and the holy
mg& with him, THEN shall hc sit upon the throne of his
glory, and Wore him shall k gathered all nations; and he
shall eeparate them one from another, a shepherd divideth
hi sheep h r n the goats." As in the present llge every a&
of thase on trial (the Church) goes to make a pyt of that
charaCtu which, in due time, will determine the find deci-
sion of the Judge in our case, so nil1 it be wit11 the world
(the nations") in the age to c o w . As in the prcacnt age
the trial of the majority of the individual mcrnbew of the
Chuch en&, and thc decision of their casp is readhed, long
&low the end of the age ( 2 Tim. 4: ?, 81, so under the Mil-
lcnnid reign the decision of acme i a d i v i h l cases will be
reached long More the end of the age CISO, 65 so); but in
each age there ia a 4 ' h a r v ~"
t o r gmcral separating time in
the uld of the age.
In the &zwn o f the Milltnnial age, after the "time or
troultle," there will be a gathering of the living aotiona k
tore Christ, and, in their appo-rrted time and order, tha
d a d of all nations shall be called to appear More the judg-
ment m of Chri-not to d v e an immediate sentence,
but to a faXr and impaxtia3, i n d i v i d d trial (Etck.
t 8 : w, 10, an) vn&-r tbe moot kmrpb1d cimnaWmoc1.
or oamwthy of everlasting tifc
The mnt of &is parable, tbadorc, t kid ihar ?.be tirpl!
of tmnbte, when the Mtionrr Bhatl have been mbdud, Sn;bm
barurd (Rw.ao: x, 2) and tbo autbarity of Chr'ut's kingdam
ePtabliabcd. Ere this, the bride of Christ (tbo v d g
Church) will have been scatad with him in his throne, d
dl1 have taken put in executing the fudgmentr of tha
grtot day of wrath. 'Then tiu? Son of man sppara (is made
nwdfept.) to the world " in hip glory," and togttbcr fwr
and his bride "shine forth r , the llun in the LiDgdom ol
their Father."--Matt. 13 :43.
Hat ia the New JU
G 4 t h . t holy city [symbol ofg- ...
ar John mw it @w. ax),

down from God out of Iream." During the d m of


coming

!rouble it will be coming down, mid before the end of it, it


wili havc touched the earth. 2lria is thc stone cut out of
the mountains without hands (but by the pcrr~crof God),
aad it will have kcome a grrot mountain (kingdom), filling
tbe whole earth (Dsn. r:35), its coming having broken to
pieces the evil kingdome of the prince of darkness.-Dm.
2 :34 35.
Hcn i s that gtorioua city (gwemment), preprusd as a
bride adorned for her husband (Rev, 21 :n), and e d y in
the dawn of the hfillcmitrm the nations begin to w d k in
tltc lght of'i t (Verse 24) These may Mng thcir glory
and honor in? it, but " there shall in no wise enter into it
for becunte n p r t of it] a n w i g that ddileth," etc
('Vccx s t . ) I*, from the midst of the throne, proc#do
a pue river of water of life (huth unmixed with error), arid
the Spirit and the Bride say, Come, and tske it freely.
(Rev. 9s :IT.) Hue 'bCgina tlie world's pmbstion, t b ~
world%p t judgment day-a thousand y e m .
W l t ~ i n t h i s f n v o r a d t i m c o fblumhg d k d a & Of
tbs a*tionr, w h Sean is bound, evil M n d ,
-kind in rrW Rom the gtgjp of dath, and rbca tfrrr
Laorrledgtof the Lordfillsthauu?h,trPodasewiU k d a
velopcd, which our Lord k c Ir'kms to shap rod e?oat&
T h c x , h e t e l h u r , h e n i l l ~ Therhapcbw-bm
who are meek, teachible and wfUing to be led, sh*U, durtng
the age, be gatherad at the Judge's right hm-trol of
his approval; but the gcwt ctisa, df-wiiW and stubborn,
always climbing on the rocls--reeking pmdnea# +nd .p
provd unoag ---and feeding on miserable nftlse, w?de
the l a e p gnue in the rich pnaas of the auth fumhbd
by tbo Good Shepherd, there arc @herd to the Jdgc't
left band, opptwitc thc position of ~ W - Q I rrtrbjcetr, of bir
&fmr and condemnation.
This work of apantting sheep and goab will q u i r e d of
thc Millennia. age for its accomplishment. During thPt .gat
each individual, as he comes gradually to a knowledge of
God and his will, Ealted bfs place at the right haad of f i
or the left hand of d-r, according as he i m p v c s or
misimproves the opportunities of that golden age. By tbc
end of that agesdl XAs w u o f mankind will have arranged
t h ~ l v e s as
, shown in the parable, into two c h
The end of that age will be the md of the world's tri.t
or judgment, and then final disposition will k madc of the
t m c w Tbcrew;asdofthissfieepJ;uswiUbtgnmtsd
them became, d u h g the age of trial and discipline, tbbp
cultiwted and manifested the beautiful c h a r a b of love,
which Paul describes as the fulfilling of the l a w of God.
(Rom. I g :ro.) They will have manif& it to aLch otha
in their times of sorest need; and what they wiU h m done
for one another the Lord will count as done unto him,
connting t h a l l as his brethren-4ldren of God, though
they will bc of the human nature, while be is of tbe divina
Theootrdemnulonof thegoatclamkdwwnrobfortbs
MLoftbirqpdrftoftwe. Unduthegametnm,r8bk~-
rtdnocoar t&rbi#qr, they willutly tesist theatouWngMwncd
of thc lord's discipline, and harden their hauta The good-
num of Gad d a e ~not load than to true repentance ; but,
t i p r ~ tbep , trkoadvaatrgeof his goodneer d do
evil. The goam, who will not devtTopod the clement
of t e , the law of God's bdng and kingdom, orill ba
counted mworthy of life, and will be datroycd; while thcr
w, who will have developed God-likenear (lo9e), and
wbo will have exhibited it in thdr charaAess, ur: to be in-
rtallcd as the joint-ruh of for future ages
h tht md of the Millennia1 af;e, in the final uf-aat
of !wrrum aaaira, Christ t h a ddrapcs his sheep: dC Come,
rSksed, ... inherit the kingdom pRpan?d for yw
b m the foundation of the world."
It is manifest the sheep here zukkmed, at the dose of tht
$Killenniurn,~ T not
C the sheep of the Gwpel age, thcGos-
pel Church, but those "other sheell" to whom the Lord re-
fared in J o b ro:td And the kingdom prepared for them
in the divine plan, from the foundation of the d d , is not
the kingdom prepmi for the Gospel Church. The Church
will have renived her kingdom at the Leginningof the Mil-
knninm; but this is the kingdom py#red for the sheep of
the Mt7knnial age It is the dominion of d which was
originally given to Adtun, but which was lost through sin,
and which is qpxh to be restored whcn man is btwght to
@&ion, and so made fit to reaive and enjdy it. Thnt
dominion was not a dominion of some sf the race over otb*
er~, btlt a joint dominion, in which everyman will ba a king,
and all will have equal rights and privilege in qxoprkting
and enjoying cwry earthly goad It will k a so~erdgn
peopk-a great and grand xepublic on a basis of parfa9
&htco~~1cszl,whmin the rightar of wtry mpn w3l bc wn-
~;kcouscthegurldesrulerrillbc~bcdeas~c
hart, and r v q mao will love his ncigbtrorr htuasrdC. Tbc
dominion of all will be over the whole carth, and dl ia
rich MJ bountiful stores of blessing, (Ga r 228; h.
8:s-3,) ?he kingdom of the world, to be given to the pa-
f d d and worthy onts of the redeemed race at tbe dose of
the Millennium, is dearly distinguished from all o h by
being d1ad the kingdam prepurd for them "'from the
foizndation of tb world," the d having been m d c to
Ic the everlasting home and kingdom of @c€t men. Bat
tbt kingdurn bestowed upan Chrisr, of which the Church,
bio " bride," bumma joint-heir, is s spititual kingdom,
"fa- a b e angels, principalities and powers," and it .fso
M I "have no -dm& Millennia1 kingdom, which
wiX1 end, bcing merely a beginning of Christ's power and
rule. Thiaendlaa heavenly, spiritunl kingdom w a prtparcd
b g More the oatrh wm founded-its inception being rec-
ognized in Christ, "the beginning of the creation of God."
It was intended for Christ Jaw, the Pin* begotten; but
wen the Chunh, his brideand joint-heir, was then or de-
eigned also, in him, bt@~ the foundatioll of the world.-
Eph. x :.$
This, then, is the kingdom that hns bocn in prepadon
far #mznkwfram t h e @ Z m w h 4 t&e WWU. It oraa arpb
d h t that man ahould su&r six thousand yeus rutdm the
dominion of evil, to learn its incvirnblc resuitsof m b y and
death, in order by contrast to prove the jatict, wisdom and
p x b e s of God's law of love. Then it will require the
~ ~ 1 1thousand-yaw,
t h undcr the reign of Christ, to nstore
hint from ruin and death, to the perf& condition, themby
fitting him to inbajt the kingdom prepared for him fmm the
foundation of theworld
Tb& kingdom, in which all d l be kinga will be ona
p n d , u n i v d republic, whoa m&ilit]r a d bkscd I&+
ace will be amred by the &&ion d its evffp citizen.
o rarult now much desired, but an irnpibllity became of
sin. The kingdom of Christ during the MiltGnnirrm willbe,
on tho contrary*a theocracy, which will mlc the world (dur-
ing the period of its imDcrf'ion and mmration) without
to its content or apptovd.
But the righteous inquire why they aae crowned with guch
glory, honor and dominion. And the Lord replies: I was
hungry, and you fed me; thinrty, and you gave me drink;
I was a stringer, and you took me in; naked, and you
clothed me: I was sick, and yosl visited me; in jxbn, and
you c ~ m unto
c me.
T b a &all thtt righteat0 answer him, saying, Lord, when
saw we thee hungry, and fed thee 7 or thimty, and gave t h a
drink? When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or
naked, and clothed thee? Or when saw we thee sick, or in
p r h , and oune unto thee? '4 hii the King shall answer
and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, ihasmuch as ye
hope donc i t unto one of rhc least of these my brethren, ye
have done it unto me."
The brcthrtn of the Gospel Church, thm, arc not the only
bretbren of Christ. All who at that time will hove been re-
stored to @&ion will be mwgnized as sons of God-
8 0 in~ the gune sense that Adam asp a son of God (Luk
3 :@)-hmzs sms. And ail of God's sons, whether on tho
humm, the angelic or the divine plane, a m brctAr&n. Our
Lord's love for t h e , his human brethren, is here wrprersed
As tht world now has the opportunity to ministar t o t h
who are shortly to be the divine sons of Gad, and lxcthren
of Christ, so they will have abundant opportunity during tke
ye to camcto minister to (ewh a r k ) the h u m bnthrert.
The dead d o n s when again brought into existence will
need f d raiment and shelter. However great O Y I ~
have bcen their pamessions in this lifk, dcath will hrr
bsoqgit dl to a common level: the i n h t and the man of
rnatun pars, the miilionni~and the p u p , thc tanred
md the unbmrd, the cultured and the i g n o m t and dc-
g d a l : all will have pa abundant opportunity for the a-
en.iac of benevolence, and thus they will be privileged to
t t t co-workera with God. We are here reminded of tke
illustration given in thr: case of L a z m ~ :Jesus only a m k -
ened him from d ~ h and , then were the rejoicing friends
permitted to loose him from his grave c f o t k a d to
clothe and feed him.
Furtirer, these a n said to be "sick and in prison " (mom
property, under ward or mch). The grave i s the p a &
prison where the millions of humanity have Imn held in un-
conscious captivity; but whbn r e 1 4 from the grave, the
restoRtion to perfdion is not tok an instanranaol~swork.
Being not yet perf&, they may properly be t m e d sick and
a r e w d d They are not dead, neither are they yet per-
f~& ; and any condition bemen those two is properly called
sickness, And they will cantinue to k under warch or ward
undl made well-phygicslly, rnernwlty and tnorally perre&,
hiring that time &re will be abundant opportunity fat
mutual helpfulness, sympathy, instruAion and encourage
mnt.
Sin- all mankind wit1 not bc r a i d at once, but g d .
d l y , during the thousand years, new group will find
an m y of helpen in t h m who will have p m d e d it. The
love and benevolence which men will then dmr to each
other (the brethren of Ghn'st) the King will cuunt as shown
to him. No great detds are assigned ss the ground for the
honore and favors c o n f i upon the righteous: they will
have simply come f nro h o n y with God's law o f iove utd
p r o d it by their warks. "Love is the fulfilling of rht
law " (Itom. 13 :xo), and "God is Iov~+'' So, when mm
%ropborCdsa;ainto&tiRttlgad GodLg6vcygood"lmab
*Lo dl\be (i living expawion of lm.
To the shrep ft ia uid, **Inhaitrhe kingdam pn?prad
for you from the foandaliaa of the w d d . " Bat though
God gave it to man at fin&, and dcaigm rCaaaring it Eo him
w h m he hes prcplucd him for the p a t tntst, we are not to
w1ppose that God intend man to rule it, except as wider, or
in h o n y with, his wpnme law. Thy will be done in
d as in heaven,'' must forever be the principle of gov-
ernment.
Man thenceforth will rule hi dominion In barmany with
chc %w of hesvm-de1ighting continurllp to do him will in
whom fayof is life, and at whose "right hand lmdition of
Cvot] thcrc an plca8ures forevermore." (h x 6 :IS .) Oh 1
who would not say, **Hmstct h e dong, ages of glory,'' md
give glory usd honor to him whose loving p h a n blos-
wming into such fulnerr of brosbjng.
Then follows the mcsagc to thmt on the left-16Deput
)mm me, ye d" (eondnnnctl)--coademncd an unfit
wsds for the glory and honor of life, who would not gidd
to the moulding and shaping influmoos of divine love.
When these, my bMhmr, were bungrp nnd thirsty, m
naked, sick, and in prison, ye minht~isdnot to their neeen-
sitiers,.thus cantintiPlly proving p o u ~ l v c pout of humony
with the h v e n l y city (kingdom); for a there h i 1 in no
casc cntu into it anythi.ng that detileth." The dedaion
or sentence regarding this dam Dqmt from me into
eMtasdng fire [:spmbol of dmruEtionJ,prepuad for the
d d l and his angels." Elscwhen (Htb, r :r4) we reed in
plain lnngaogr that Christ "will &s&y ... him that
bad t k paw of death, tbat is, the devil."
"And these [the goats] rhalf go away Into eoerksting
[Greek, oiaiosr--io9tingJ punishment, bort h e rightsom
into lifc eternal [Greek, ~ ~ ] Thrr pmrirb-
. "
mnt will be as Wing PI the mrrrd. Both will k eva.
-0
-
EYERWSTntG PUNlSHlilEHT.
The cverkaingngl of the punishment being thus cstab-
fished, only one point is left OIICII for d k w i o n ; namely,
the nature of the panirrbnte~~t.Take your Concardtace
and .much out what saith the great Judge regarding the
palishment of wilful sinlaers who despise and rejeA all
Iris blrssed proviions for than through Christ. lIrhat do
yon find? Does God &en! say-tU1 sint~rrashafl live in
~urtun:iorcvcr? If'e do not find a single text where life in
i uy~ condition is 1>romMto that ck..
God's declarations assure: u
s tint ultinutely he will have a
clean uaiivem, b f m m the bIlyht of sin and sinnets.
But while we do not find one v c w of the Bible saying
that this c h can have h3 in torment, or in any other con&-
tion, ale do find numerous p a s a p feat Ling the reverse. Of
these we give a icw merely as iurn>ples--" 'llrr wages of sit1
is d 4 . " (Rom. 6:23.) ad The soul that sfmeth, it dlril
die.+* (Ed, 18:4, ?A) "Ail the wicked will God &-
slrcrg.*' (&a, 145 :zo.) The wicked &all a perish." (h.
37:aa.) Thus God tutrr told us plirirlly the nantre of the
cvcrlasling punishment of the wicked-that it will be demth,
de5truEtion.
l'he fat= ideas of Cod's plan of dealing with the incoxri-
gible, taught ever sincethegreat "falling away," whicb culmi-
nated in P a m , and instiled into our minds from chifdbood,
uc done rsponsible for the view generally held, that thr?
pu~~isbmcnt provided for wilful simlexs is a life of torment.
This view is held, notwitlamding t kmany clear atPtanentr
of God's Word thpt t&ir punistunent is to be &~h. Hew
Yaul state very atpllcitly what the puniabmtnt L to be.
Speaking of the ntne Millennial Day*and of the mmcdrtsr,
who, ciapita di tbe fivOnbIcoppmtuniticrd the hinor of
tParhdCQ that, rill nor m e into h w o n y wltb QuLt,
and bcncc rill '*know not God," and obey not, he soyti-
'#Who M b s p u d d - " Ah,ycof but h punishad?
We teb trp how: They '%halt k! punished with mt&&g
d&d%b~ [a dcshAion from which thexe abdl be no rt-
c w q , no radtmption or r d i o n - H e b . xo:z6-1g]
from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his
power." ( a Thes. I :9.) This dem€tion is represented
in the parable ae the everlasting fire prepared fox the dcvil
and his angels: it is as the M e of Bre and brimstone," which
is the xcond death (Rev.20: I q), into which the goat dos
crf this paroblt are sent.-Mstt. 2 5 :4r.
Tturo the meaning and reajonablenes of this stamnest
concaning everlasting punidlrnmt arc d i i y seen whm
looked at from the^^ stnndl~oint, The fire of the par-
able, by which the punishment (destruction) is to bc ac-
complished, will not be literal fire, for the "firow is s~
much a s p b o l as the 6g&eep" and 4 b ~ t s arc " symbols.
Fire hen?, aa ebbere, symbolizes destrutStion, and not in
my mnse preocr~otion.
We might well leave this subjeEt here, and c o d d a that
we have fully shown that the everlnsting punrshrnent of tht
gout Jlao will be destdkion; but a2 would d i d 3 attm-
don to one o h p i n t which clinches the truth upon thts
mbJeE;t. We reftr to the Greek word Rokrtin, ~~
"punishment," In vcrsc 46. Thii word hPP not the re-
idcaof tonnmtin it. l[!ssignificationiskd~fi
or prnne, or lop off, as in the pruning of trees; and a tcc-
oadug meaning is t u rusbwi~t, Illustrations of the use of
hhih can easily be had from Greek classical writings The
GmeL word for **tormentwiar bariws, a word t d y ua-
*mi to the word kohn'%.
, ward d in IRost a$:&, oaunr in bat one
~ k a * ntht
&pha?in &Bible, v h , t Jh 4:18, w h r r e i t i r h *
paojady m d m d "mmrtnt" in the common d o n ,
d e m a it should nsd, "Fear bath rattaint'* Thar r)rJ,
posarr a copy of Young'#Anu&knf ~ f u m d a ~ wiU r r me
from it (1qe 995) that the ddinition of the word & u M r fr
"pj~ning,tcrtraining, restraint." And the author of the
i%#hdc BqgIott* after transluting b h i n in Mart rs:46
by the words *'cutting 0%"sap in #&.foot note:
"The common version and many modern ones rrrnduRP
/aria 01bnim tev~lastingpunishment,' csonvcyiag the idea,
rr generally interpreted, of ban'ms, torment. Ko&.6n in i'ts
hriotls forms occurs in only three other phca in the New
Testament: A& 4:s:; z Pet.a:9i I John r):x8. It is
derived from Ror~zm,which signi6es, I. 5% nrt of'; as lap-
ping oC branches of tnes, to prune. t. Ti rest mi^, c re-
prtss. The Greckswrite-# Thecharioteer remains [WVIJ
?d:Sd &&' . To c k h i c , fopumik To cut off an
&om ti& or fmmaoeiety. or Nsn to -in, ia
~tecmedas a punishment; hence h a arisen this third or
metaphorical w of the word. The primary signification
h a been adopted fin the Diugr'OJfJ,beaause it agceea better
with the second member of the sentence, thus p m i n g the
force and beauty of the an tithe&. The ri hteow go to i$+
the wicked to the rmf*~offroxn life, d e a t f - s ~ h s r :p."
Now consider d u l l y the text, and note the antithdi or
contnut shown between the reward of the sheep aad the
goats, which the corm9 idea of kobh gives--the one daas
goes into evaiasting hie, while the other Is evabdngly cut
of from life-foreva rcsaaikd in death. And thjS C O I H C ~ ~ ~
affccr with what the Scriptures ererywhereckm dakre con-
ccming the wages or penalty of wilful sin.
Consider for a moment the words of verse 4r : "Depart
from me, ye cursed [once redeemed by Christ from the
Adamfc cum or condannation to d d , but now con-
demned or c u d , rrs worthy of the second death, by tbt One
who redeemed them from the first -3, into everlasting
fire [symbol of cpnimn'10gdes&&h3, prepared f a the
devil and his m g e n [scr~~nts'J."
Remmba that this is the final st~ttaccat the dasc of
tbe find trial--at the close of the Millennium. And nonc
will then be smmds of Setan ignorantly or a n ~ g l yas ,
so numy now are; for the great Deliverer, Christ, will re-
move outside temptations, and provide assistance townrd
elf-improvanent, which 6 1 1 enable d l who will to over-
come inhennt wegihesea md to attain petl&ion. Tbese
"goats, " who love evil and m e Satan, are the mclloengcxa
("angels") of Satan. For these and SPtan, and for no
athen, God has prepred the emlasting dcstru&ion-the
odcond d d Fire will come from God out ofheaven and
CorUYme them. Consttming fire and devouring fire all aur
appreciate, unless their cyes are holden by falsedoArine and
prejudice. No one ever knew of apeznmnmng $re; and as
fire neva presems, but always consumes, God uses it ss a
symbol of utter destm&ion.-Rev. zo :9.
'THE E U E OF PZRE AND BRIMSTONE, WHICH IS THE
SECOND DEATH."
-am+ t9:lro; ao:xa, rq, xg; nr:8.-
*'The lake of fire and brimstone" is severat times men-
tioned in thebook of Revelation, which all Chriaians admit
to be a book of symbols. However, they pernHy think
and spealr of this particular symbol as a l i t 4 statement,
giving smng support to the torment d d r i n e , notwith-
staadhg the fad that the symbol is dearly ddined as mum-
ing the eccond death: '< And death and hdl were cast into
the W e @ f i e . Zb3 ri the second dedh," etc. (Rev.
so :14.) It is so4m+s spoken of as "a W e of fire burn-
ing with brimstone" (Rep, 19 :go), the element brimstone
being mentioned to intensify the symbol of des?niAion,
the second death, burning brimstone being one of the
m a t 8aadly efemenb known. I t is dartrucstive to all farms
of lile.
5s maf Soy IAc SC&*FCJ?
The s.mbolism of this lake of fin: is further shown by the
faA that the symbolic bast and the aymbolic fake p p h e t ,
and death and hell [Aarlcs], as well as the devil and his fol-
lowers, am datmyd in it.-Rev. xg:zo; 2o:xo, 1 415;~
21 :8.
This desau6tion or death is called the second death in
contrrrdistinction to the First or Adamic death, ond net to
signify that everything which goes into it d i e a second
time. For instance, death (the first or Adamic death), and
M s , the e v e , are to be cast into it, which work will re-
quin the endre Millennium to accomplish it; and in n s
sense will they ever have been destroyed before. So Ito
the devil, the beast, and the fPlse p p b t t , will ncrrtt have
ken destroyed before.
From the Am, or Adamic death, a mum&ion has b n
provided. All that are in rbcir graves shall come forth.
T h e Revelator prophetically d a . M : '*?'he sea gave up the
dead which were in it, and death and hell [/rrrda 1 grave]
the
gave ttp the dead which were in them. ... And I saw
the dead, small and great, ataad before God, and the boob
were opened." (Rev. 20: rg, x 2.) It was in d e w of Gad'e
plna for deeming the race frtnn that fist dtsth that in both
thc Old and New Tataments it is called a us/c+." In
Ismel's history of che good and the wicked it is rcpe;rtadly
sctad that they "slept with their fathem." Il#Apatleb
uwi thr Pame symbol, and our Lord also. But no sncb
symbol is d in rcfermcc to the second dtrth. On tha
contrary, the strongest figures of total and utter dr~&wd&h
arc used to symbolize it ; vft., "fieand brbatone;9' be
cause that will be a dcatrutStion fmm which there will be no
recovery. Bksecd thaught 1 the Adamlc daath (which
clnimed tire whole m e for the sin of their p~ogeniaor) d.a
be f~inttcfswallowed rtp, md shll cmae in thh second
depth into which it ia to k CPPt, by the grcrX Redsaaer.
who bought the wbolc world with the Mnrificc of himaelf.
Thus Cod tells us through the Prophet, at I will m s o m them
from the power of the gxavc [sheoq. I wilt red- them
from death. ... 0 grave [sAzot] I wit1 be thy de-
stmaion." (Has. x3 :r 4) The first or Adamic death &all
no longer have libeny or power over men, as it has had for
the pist six thocearrd yeas; no longer sball my die for
Adoaa's sin. (Rom. 5:xz; Jet. 31 :29, 30; Ezek. r8:a.)
Thenceforth the New Covenant, sealed with the precious
Mood, shall bc in force, and only wi@irl trans-ions will
be cantad as sin and lmnishcd with tlte wages of s i n 4 a 1 t h
--the second d w h . l'has will the first death be cast into
and s w d l o d up by rhc second death. And kadcs and
~Aaal-thcdark, m t condition, the grave, whi& in the
present time speaka to us of a htlla of future life by God's
m h i o n power in Orist-4jhall no more; for the
racond death will dcvmu no being fit for Life--none for
whom there rcrmaina a shadow of hole, Imt ssllch only as, by
the unemng Judge, have bee11 fully, imlsnially and indi-
r i d d y found worthy of &sfm!ZI;~w. Aard Satail, that lying
tempter who deceived and ruined rrs dl, and who, with per-
sistent energy and cunning, has sought continually to thwart
the parpoac of God for our galvatiol~through Christ, with
all who arc of his spirit, his angels," shall be dedrqvcd', and
shall .nwa awake from death to troubk the world again.
Hen he M ald to becast into "tho lake of fin?,'' the second
d in H e b o :xq, rdirring to the m e thing,
death; ~ n Paul
calls it destm&io~\-~that he might deshuy death, and him
thot hoth the powct of death, that is the devil." And "the
btart and the folsc prophet," the great f a k systems which
baos long fettered and opprearsed nominal Christendorn,shall
neoq canape from it. TheM are said to be cart "4rlivc'*
(that k, while they are atill o r p i z e d and operative) into
cha U Cof bxr: burning wit& brimstone. [ l k .rg:ao.)
The peat trouble, the Lard's judgment, whicb will utterly
destroy tl~rm,wilt undoubtedly CPWE g m t social, financial
and religious diffinrlty and pain to a11 those identified with
thew dmivod and deceiving rsgstema, before they are utterly
destroyed. These Bystems will h csst in, destroyed, at the
beginning of the Millennium, while %tan's destnreion is n-
eked until its close, when all the upats" ahall have ban
aelmrated from the wshcop," and they shall perish with Satan
in the second dasth, as " hi angels," messengemor sm9nts.
None of those abominable chanaetd among men, who,
knowing the truth, yet love u n r i g i r t o a l a n ~ n n eof "the
fearful and unbe1ieving"-those who wilt not tnr# Cod
after all the maaifestarions of his gnce dorded during tha
hfillenninl rdgn of C h r i s t ; nor the abminabte, who, at
hciut me murdeten and w h m ~ o n p r sand scrrcmm 9nd
idolaters and liars: none of these shall ever escape the see-
ond d&, to dehle the earth again. All such, oftera fuU
and abundant opportunity for n(omation, will be judged
unworthy of life, and will be forever cut oB in the second
death, symbolized by the lake of fire and brimstone.
Scvcral prophetic pen piQurer; of the MilIonnial ng+ a d
its work, in chal>tersl a and za of Reatation, clearly ohow
the obj& mad result of that age of trid, in hanaony w-ith
the remainder of the Scriptures already noted.
Chapter 20,vcrscs s, 4, 11,witb verses I, t, lo, 11 of
chapter ar, show the buginning of the age of judgment, rurd
the r e d n i n g of blinding errors and misleading qatum.
The " hast " and the "false prophet " are the chid symbols,
md repnscnt the organizations or rpJtemrr of error which,
together, constitute Babylon. This judgment PgPinst the
"thronedL' of the plc4tnt time, and against "the b e a d
the f ' prophet" system foflowa spe-edily upon the in-
dtletion of this Mi11mnW jmfgmcnt reign. The thronss of
present dominion of a h will k "cew down,'' d the
domfnioa wand& to the great Prophet *od J+,
"whose right it is." (Compare Ran. ~ : r &2%; E#i.
t r :27.) And the aystans of emor will be speedily judged
worrhy of dczfm%m, a" Sake of fin?," "the raeond
death.'(-Rev. rp :20.
Thus the srrond dettu&ion (or dcath) bytine quite w i y
in Ihnew judgment: it begins with the false system qm-
txlliaed by the k t , false prophet, etc. But the sccond
death d l 1 not m h the world of mankind, as i n d i d d d ,
until t h y have fimt fiad ft~lltrial, with full opportunity to
JIooselifcand liveforwer. Clmpten 20: 12, r 3,and sr :p7,
indicate the b l e d , favoral~lctrial in which dl, both dead
and living (except the Church, who, with Jesus Christ, ue
kings, priests, joint-hein and judges), will fie brought to a
full knowledge of the truth, reliwcd from sorrow and pain,
and f d from e v q blinding error and prejudice, and tried
"according to their wonCz."
The grand w w m e of that trial wiU be a clean uni-
verse. As the Revelator aprcssm it, "Xvoy rteoture which
is in heaven and on the earth ... h d I saying. Blessing
and honor and glory and power be unto him that mrtcth
u p A r the throne, and unta the Lamb forever." But this
nstalt will Iw! nccomplished in harmony with at1 God's deal-
ings past and p m n t , which have always recognized man's
freedom of will to choasc good or evil, life or death
We cannot doubt that when, in Ohe close of the Millcnial
age, God will again for a gglittleatason " permit evil to
triumph, In order thereby to test nis craptuns (who will by
that time hove become thoroughly acquainted with both
good and evil, and the consequalas of each, and will have
hecl his justice and low fully demonstrated to h) ,
that
those who finally prefer and choclsc evil will be coi off-
d a a o y e d Thus God will for dl aetrnity m ow J1 rho
do not hwa dghtcoumcm uad ha iniquity.
We red, regarding that testing, that Satan will endeavor
to l a d aatny all mankind, whone numbers will then k as
t l a~n d or the rta for maltitudc; but that many of them
will r b s e evil and disobedience, with pas cxperimce be-
Fore them, and unhampered by present weaknesesand blind-
ing influences, we do not suppose. However, when God
docs not tell w either the number or the proportion of those
found worthy of life, and time judged wotthy of death (the
sand death), we ntay not dogmatize. Of one thing we
may be cofiftdent, God Hilletb not the death of the wicked,
but would that all should turn to hinr and live; and no one
will be destroyed in that "lake of fire and brimtone"
(figurative of utter dcstru&ion, as c,vhmnu) who is worthy
of life, whost Living lotlget would 1~ a blessing to hinlseli
or to othenr in harmony with rightcousnerrr.
That utter and hopelcs dcstril&ion is intendcd only far
im'kfclevil doers, who, likestan, in pride of haut and re-
bellion agdnst God, will love and dn evil notwithstanding
the manifmtions of God's disapi)rovd,and notwithstand-
ing their urptrience with itspcnalties, Sen~inglythegood-
ness and low of God in the provision of a ransom, a red-
tution, and another opportunity of life for man, instead of
leading rhese to an abhomi~ceof sin, will led them to
suppose that God i s too loving to cut them off in the sacond
dcztlr, or that if he did so he wotlld give than o k , and
yet other, future opportunities. Building thus upon a sup
posed weaknm in the divine charaAer, these may k led to
try to rake advnutage of the grace (favor) of God, and to
use it as a license for wilful sin. But thy &dl go no fiu-
thw, for their folly shall be mifept. Their utter daitmc-
tioa d l 1 I m e to the righteoug the llatmonymd petFc&
balance of J~wice,IVisdom, L o v e and Power in the Divine
Ruler. Such are called the ua~p)s " (messengers, followrm,
rrvaab) of Wan. And for m&, as well as for Soran, tbe
a- dmtm&ioa (the second death) is pnpYbd by the cPiPe,
loving and just Creator. And so, in the parable of tbn
sheep and goatb, the latter are called messengers or servpatr
of Satan.
The trw char~aerof clrt goat clrrsP is portrayed in Rev.
lr:8. "The f d u l and unbelieving [who will not trust
God], the abominable, murderem [bro ;her-hat- 1, whore-
mongtzs, sorccrtrs, idolaters [such as misapl)ropriate and
miortrr divine favors, who give to self or any other creature
nr thing that m i c e and honor which belong to God], and
all lk~"--~~whosoeva loveth and makcth a lie" [in a word,
all who do not love the tntth and seak it, and at any a t
defend and bold it] "shali have their p r t in the lakewhich
barnech with fire and brimstone Cgrkcnrlu, symbol of utter
datruftion], which is the second dratl~." Such company
would be repulsive to any honest, upright beings. It io
hard to tolerate them now, when ur can sympathize with
thcm, knowing that st& dispwitiotrr are now in great
measure the result of inheriled wdcncar of the flesh. W e are
moved to a measure of s p p t l r y by tile remanbrana that
in our own cases, often, when wc wot~fddo good, is
present with mi. Bat in tl~erl&ev l tlzc hlillendal judgment,
wlxn the Lard, the rightcolts Judge, shall lrave given every
advantage and opportuility of knorvledge end ability, this
class will be an aLborrtn~,cand detestation to aU in h-
mony with the King of Glory. And the righteons will be
glad wh'en, the trial being ended, the grjff I# Ifes of which
these shall hat-c ltravcd tficmstlvrs unworthy, shall be taken
fmm them, and when the corrupters of the artb, azld all
their work and influence, shall be destroyed
Rev. 20:g tetb of the der;tm&ion of those individwh
who join with Siatan in tbc Zast ~ M l i o n ;and +emxg telb
of that same dcstruaion in other words, asing rhe
** lake of fire." They are d w c d or mnmmdia &re. Tbh
being thc cnx, khe torment of v m ro m o t refa to fhac
h m o n beir7gs who arc consumed, destroyed. Heaw~the
qorcrion narrows d m to this, Will Satau and a f b c
11ro1,hetand a beast bc t o n d fomvcr? and dacs thir vcnc
& tcxh?
We a m e r in God's own words, " A N the tUicRdd m'& bc
d'ttroy." Concerning Satan, tbe arch enany of God and
man, Cod exprsdly advises us that lie will he dcs/royd and
aot pre~ervedin my sense or condition.-1-ieb. r :r4.
The k t and false prophet s y s : ~ ~which, during the
Gospel age have deceived and lad men astray, will be cast
into a p a t , consomingtrouble in tho close of this Gospel
age. The torment of these systems will be arm&;& u.,
USTRJG. It will contintw aslwgas tlky last, until they are
utterly cowumed. So also the zys1.mo/ e r m , which win
saddealy manifest frseff at the end of the Milbnntal age
a d load the "goats" to destruction, will be consttrned
(Rev.la: 7-10,) That deceiving system (not specifiodas to
Mnd, but merely called Satan,after its instigator) will be
cast into the same sort of trouble and destruction, in the
mdof the Millenn$alage,arthe beast and false prophet r p i
terns are now being c u t into in the ztdof the Gospel aga
being cast into, in the nul o f tbr Coqrl age.
Rev. t9 :3, spcaking of one of t h m systems, =rays, '*Ha
sstvkt rose up forever and ever." That is to say, the re-
mcml~ranttof the Acsir~&?i~& of thcse systenlsof deception
and error will be lasting, the lesson will uevcr be forgotten
-as stnokc, which continues to ascend after s d t s t ~ & i v e
fire, is testimony rhat the fire hns done its work.-See alPo
h.34:s-10.
Of Rev. I~:Q-JX we remark, incidentally, that all will at
once concede that if a litcr~rlworshiping of a beast and im-
age were meant in vcrse 9, them few, if sny, in civilized
lvlds are ligble to the pendty of vcroe x x ; and if the beast
and ftia image and mahip and d n c and cup arrr symbols,
ro iEao me the (0nr)cats and smdc and Jrc and bnksfonr.
Rev. zo:rq sap: "And death and bell [Aaolu-the
tombJ were ~ g pinto
t the lake of fire [ r l c ~ M i m ] . Thir is
the ~coonddath, the U Cof th."--Sia~~'a'cMS.
" Derth and hell" LArdct3 is used scverpl tima in this
book as mptgsive of the Adumic death. Iiadcs is the state
or condition d death, and is sornetiwtrs~uhtedthe g n v c
It k catled agreat prison houec, because thrxse who errta it,
though nCtunllp extin&, are rec&3t1ctI ps not extinct, but
m t d p coty%trl/ur 4 t h e , and to bebrot~ghtforth to liberty
and a new Vial for life, by him who rm~wnrodthan h m
the penalty of the fvst wid. It is in view of Gocl's purpose
and promise of a restitution of d l , a d r second triai, that
the tomb is spoken of ss a great I * p-ison hux,"in which
tba taptivcs of death (the Adxmic or filvt death) o m i t de-
livcnmcc. Though djaolved in dcath, the identity af ench
being is p r a ~ r M din the mind and lwwcr of God, and will
be r e p o d d in due time by resurrtctiou power. Hotirs,
the prison, the tomb, is referred to by the prophets, the
Masts himself, and the ayloslar. (Nw. x3 :14;IsP. 6x :1 ;
Lukc4:18; fohn 5:&; x Cor, ~s:ss.) Thegraveisrerrlty
a manaricil of hope ; for we would not speak of it as a prison
house were it not for our h a p of raurrcctioa. If we be-
licvcd that death ended existence forever, all h o p of the
tcXaw of the dead would vanish, and we would not think
of thcm us in prison, nor indicate orrr h o p by a mound.
Applpthia thought to the verse under consideration, and it
implia this: ThcAdPmicdaathand the b o p o f raurrcction,
wbich, by W ' s favor, were attached to it, dl1 pss a w j ,
or be utterly destroyed, in the tcoond dsrth Thoec who
die the second death will not per is?^ under the Ant o e a t e a ,
bGcawef Adam's sin, nor haveahopeof md.'n from it.
Hack*b wvw seocinEdl with the mmnd death, kr"sc
~ . w b o g o i r s t mcmd o ~ deuh ur!innoraarroap6u-
onenr of hop;" they are u t t e d ~dcstroyd, extinct, with-
wt h o p of any d d i v e r a n ~by murdkion. Wence tha
propriety af MI being & s m d .
'I3e dutrudkion of the first death tad A& commences
with t11c beginning of the Millennia1 ?dmand continua to
irs c l w . It is agrrrdualprofess of cmsting into destntCtion.
Nods (the grave) will be when dl the dead in
it have hearrf t h t o r d J s v d c t and come forth. CJ&n
5 :q.) But asdeath " will still have hold upon these, dnce
every ache and pain and every m e n d and moral impede-
tion i s a prt of the inherit& Adamic penalty. The Lord's
He that klieveth [acccptethf not is condemned
already" (John 3 :x8), wit1 * then as they arcnow.
The millions awakened will be still under condemnation,
still In death; but the opportunir). then given tkem to a-
cept paf& life under thc Covenant of Cad's m
will, if xcf&cd, s u b w than to the second death as wilful
sinnem. In proportion as t f r e ~render obedience to the
tams of the New Covarantr l n b m will k made toward
health, perfdion and fie. On the othcr hand, those who,
aRer full knowidge, refuse to amept and personally apply
the m d t af the sacrifice of Christ, will remain under con-
d-tion ; be- heir wills couserrt to evil, they
makc progm toward the mend death. In the case of
the obedient, death will 3nntUowed up of life. In
the case of the disobediatt, death will k swaUowed
up of the second death. 'fib is in harmony with Pauf's
explanation (I Car. I 5 :$4, $5) of Isaiah's p ~ p h q , Then
[when the little flock, "we.cl" k v e bcea changed to the
Ail1 divine nature and liken- and haw b n to reign and
bless the worId-t%m] sh;tll bc: brought to pp% the saying
that is written [I=. 25:6-811 'He will destmr [cwt into
destmttion, or in symbol "the laite of fire"] in thie m a -
b i n [symbol of t h "Ki- of God " or the '* New Jeru-
salem "3 the face of the covering csot over dl p p k [dm&:
d the vail [ignorance] tbat i s spread ova all rmtionr
Re wiIl smllow up [the AdPrnicJ daath victorionsly.' "
So, then, the casting of deoth and the grave into utter*
rrffathn, the second death, during the Milknnial agc, i s a
part of the utter destruction which wiil include c v q im-
popa, injutiotrs and \18ele*p thing. (ha, rx:gj Psa.
rox :~-8.) But the second dath, the sentence of that-in&-
viduiltrial, will be final ;itwill never bc destroyed. And let
d the lovua of rightcomes say, Amen; for to destroy the
S K W B ~death, to m o v e the sentence of that jmt and im-
partial &kt, wotlld bc to let lome again sot only SaEan,
bat all who love and practice m a g and deception, aad
who dialtonor the Lord with thcir evil institutionti-to op-
pose, o h d and erulavor to ovmlrrow those who love and
a n to sme him and enjoy his fmor. We rejoice that
thcrc is no danger of tlais, but that divine justice unites with
divine wisdom, lovtand power, to bring in cvdastiog rigbt-
eoumess on a permanent bpp'b.

TURNED MlB HELL.


UThe wjckcd shall ba tnrard lnto hall, Emd all ths damstha
God."-Rt. 93x7.
This statement of the Lord r~cordcdby the Psalsnist m
find without any qualification whatever2and we must aoccpt
it as a positive fa&. I f the ciaims of " Orthodoxy"
true, thia would be, indeed, a fearful thought.
But let as substitute the true mcaning of the word thola
and oar text will read: "The wicked ahall be turned into
Ikb c d a X 0 1 1 4 drd,and dl the nations tbat forget God."
'Jrhis we believe; but next, who are the wicked? In one
all 11are wicked, in that dl are violaton of God's
law; k t t the fullest anst the wicked are thasa who, with
m~k4geoftbeao&diogafnhttoa;ufdn,.adrb,
m n d y providcd for their ncavay from its b a n d ctTxts,
wrYul/y persist in sin.
As yet few--only conseuated bcSiewn+hayc come to a
knowlcdgc of ;ode The world knows him not, and the
nstituts camd h d : God until they aru: finit brought to a
knowledge of ~ i m . The oonsccrntedhaveka,enlightened,
led of the Spirit through faith to understand the deep and
kidden things of Godt which reveal the dory of God's
chvacta, but which, though a p m d in hi9 Word, appear
only as f d s h n a s to the world.
As we have hitherto seen,this will not be so in the nge to
come* for then "The earth &all be fill of the knowledge of
the lord as the waters cover the m" {k x x :9.) Mwsh
thet we now receive by faith win then be demonsmwd to
the world \Vhen he who hns ransomed man fmm the
power of the grave @oa. I 3 :14)begim to gatha his pur-
chased poascsPfons bPclr. from the prison-house of death (ha,
61:r), when the slcepns are awakened under the gar l?l ray
of the Sun of Riahkoumes, they wilt not bc slow to realize
the tntth of the hitherto seemingly idle tale, that '#Jesus
Christ,by the gncc of God, tasted death for tvay man."
IVe have also ~ c e nthat the gradual ascent of the Kingt
Highway of Holina~iin that agc will be posdbk to all, and
comparatfrelye s y , because& the stones-stumbling-bkcb,
srrors. &c.--will bave been gathered out, and stRight paths
madeforrheirfaet. Itisinthatagethatthistexta~~~, Those
who ignore t k fk~oringcircumdrrntxs of that age, and wilt
not be obdient to the righteous Judgc or Rnk--CMst-
will truly be the m'chd And every loyal sub* of the
Kingdom of God will approve the rightcam judgment which
mtns sudr a one qpht into skcchf4he condition of death.
Such a cure would be unworthy of life; and, were he pa-
tnitted to live, his Iff: would be a cum to himsdf md to bur
nstaf~ilnd,mda~ondKdofCOb
This will k!the s c m d d d h , irom which thut wiil be no
rcsurrsCtion. Saving been ransomed fmm the grave [~heol')
by the sacrifice of Christ, if they die again on account of
their own sin, a there remain& no more swrificc for Bin."
(Reh. 10:26.) 4LCMstdieth no more; desth h t h no
more dominion over him." (Rom. 6 : 9 . ) The second
death should be dreaded andshunned by di, since it is to be
the end of existence to all rhoet: deemed unwor~llyof life.
But in it them csln be no suffering. Likc the first death, it
is the atinElion of life.
It is becd1s.e thmtrgb sin mankind had Ixcome subjet9 to
death ( J ~ O ) ; Iradrs) that Christ Jesus r;une to deliver us and
save us from death, [I Jdtn 3:8; M d s , t :z4.) m h is
a cessation of existence, the abzc>~rcr9.1' I - I ~ F - There is no
difference between the conditiotrs i n the f i s t and second
deaths, but there is hope of a relctrsr Sru~nthe first, while
from the second there will be no rclc.rsc. rlo mlrn to life.
?'he first death sentence paswi tri,rrii 311 011 account of
Adam's sin, while the s e d dent11 cart fir ii~mrredonly by
maM&t, lnriiptinldsis.
That the applicatio~~ of our text lrlongs to the coming
age is evident, for both air& ancl siuncrs go into s/,fuf or
f w C s now. This scrilrturr intlrcatcs that, in the time when
i t al~plics,0 x 4 ths wirRnZab1l go there. And the nations
that forget God must Ir nations that have known him, else
they could not f0rgt.t hi111; and ~ ~ c v eyet r Imve the n d o n s
k n brought t o that knowIedge, nor will they be until the
coming time, when the knowledge ot the Lord sitall fill the
~vholcearth, and none d u l l need to say unto his neighbor,
Know thou the Lord, for aB shall K m u himI from the leest
to the greatest of them.-lsa. r r :9 ; Jcr. j x :34.
The Hebrew ward gur', rendtied "nations" in this vase,
is ekekhere used by the rame writer and rendered-
" bethen," f e G e n t i l"~ and upeople.'* The thought
seem.. to be,--any who arc not God's cowmt people, wen
though they k not opnaly m5bc.d. The nations (Gentiles,
all r h o under that full knotwlcdge do not become h a e l i t e
indeed) who are forgetful or negligent of Cod's favors en-
joyed, and of their duties and ablipions to him, ulmll share
the fare of the zt@kZp utvictcd," aad be cast into the sec-
ond ddcath.
In further proof of this, we find that the Hehrm word
sh&, which in our text is translated "turned," signifies
f.urnedhc.4, gs toa previous p1meor condition. Thaoe rr-
f e d to in this text have boea either in shed or liable to
enter it, but, k i n g mlem~cdby the precious Maod of
Christ, wifl be tmught out of dro2. If then they are
wicked, they, and all who forb* Cod, shall be twnldbbE&
or r & d to s k 1 .

-
DID THE J M S BELIEVE IN EVERLASTIKG TORMENT?
Noting that we teach that the docrtrine of everksdng tor-
ment was engrafted tlpon the doEtrines of the Christian
Church during the m od of the apostasy, the great falling
away which culminated in Papacy, some have i n q u i d
whether it does not seem, according to the works of Jose-
, this doArine was firmly held by the Jews; nnd,
p h ~ that
if so, they ask, does it not seem evident that the early
<%istiam, k i n g largely converts h r n Judaism, brought
this d d r i n e with them, in the very outstart of Christianity?
Wc anmet, No; the doArine of everlasting tonncnt
sprang natulally from the doArine of human I m m o ~ t y ,
which as s philosophic question was fitat pmmdptod in
anything like the praent form by the Platonic schbol of
Graciul gbilaeophy. the^ fimt a h 4 that Eash man
contained a fragment of deity, and that this would prepart
him from aver dying. Tbis faundation hid, it art rr easy
to d d b e a place for evil-dam as for well-does. But to
the credit of those heathen philosophers Ix it recorded that
they faitad to develop, or at least t~ manifest, that depth of
degradation from benevolence and reason and pity, neeex+
sary to paint, by word and pen and brtrsh, such details of
horrors and agonies as were soon inenqlordted into their
d&rine, and a belief thcmf deehmf abnccbcsary to salva-
tion" in the prof& church of Christ.
To appreciate the case, it is neccslcar). to rcrncnlberthat,
when the Christian Church was cstablishcl.1,(;re%* stood at
die head of intelligence and civilimtio~r. Alexander the
Gnat had conquered the world, and Itsd y*rcnd respe& for
Greece everywhere; and though, from a nrilitary point of
view, Rome had taken her ploce, it wxs othcnvise in litera-
ture. For centuries, Grecian ~~hilfi~c-q~llcrs and philosophies
led the intellectual world, and irn;lreenatrd and affeted
everything. It became customary for p h i l o w ~ ~ h m and
ieachcrs of other theories to cbirn that thdr systems and
theories were war&$16 s m r M thciie trf the Grecians, and
to endeavor to remove d i f f i e n r : ~letween their old theoria
m d the popular Grecian view-s. Anti wn1e sought to make
capital by chiming tlmt their systetn emltrsced all the good
points of ~latorhrnwith others which Plnto did not see.
Of this c k were tlie teachers in the Christian Church in
the second, third and fourthcenturics. Conceding the pop-
ulatfy wbpted correfinos of the philosophers, they claimed
that the =me good fatuxw of philosophy -*en?found in
Chsist's teachings, and t l ~ het was one of the greatest phi-
loeophers, etc. Thus a blending of Platonism and Chris-
tianity took place. This became the more pronounced as
kings and emperors began to scrutinize religious teachings,
and to favor thosc most likely to awe the people a d malte
L h law-abiding. While h e a t h teachess were truckling
to nrch imperial d a y , and tenching an avalPstlng pnn.
ishment for t h w who violated the ti- of t h ~ m
(who ruled as divinely appointed), ope cannot suppose other-
wise t h that dte ambitious c h d t u s in the church at that
time. who were seeking to displace heathenism and to b m e
the dominant religious power Instead, would makc promi-
nent such doArines a4 WOUMin the eyes of the cmpemn
beem to have an equal hold upon the fears and prejudiccl of
tfrc jmple. And what could be more to the purpose than
the dkrine of the endless torment of the rriracftory?
The same motives I?,-idcntlyopented with Joscphus ahen
writing concerning the belief oi the Jews. Hiworhshould
be 4as apologies for Judaism, and as efforts to exalt that
nation in the eyes of Rome and the world. It should be
remembered that the Jews had the reputation of k i n g s
very rebellious people, very unwitting to be ruled even by
the Csews. They tvere hoping, in harmony with God's
promises, to Errnome the chief nation. h h y nbelfious out-
breaks had occurred among them, and their peculiar reiig-
ion, differing from all others, came in for ib share of blame
for favoring too much the spirit of liberty.
Josepbue had an objoEt in writing his two principal
works, wAntiquities" and a !Tam of the Jm."h e wrote
them in the Greek language while living at Rome, where he
was the friend and gucst socctssively of rhc Roman cmpuoa
t'qtaskm, Titus and Domitian, and whet he was in can-
stant contat9 with the Grecian philosaphas These hooks
were written for the purpose of showing oil the j d s h
people, their courage, laws, ethies, etc., to the best adpan.
tagc before the Grecian philosophers and Roman dignib-
rics, This obj& is covertly admitted in his preface to bis
"hntiquities," in which he sap:
t as thinking it wiil
have undertaken t h e p ~ s ~ nwork
a o p w to aU the G m b worthy of thefir study. ...
tllst read my book may wonder that my discwxrc of lnws
Thm
mt Say smjblwru? 73
and histdad &.& contains so much of p.kihs&.
Howwar* thost that have a mind to know the. r#bow of
.. . .
evuything may find hae a very arriour philasophid
th007y."
lo a word, as a shrewd ram who himsclf had becow? im-
bued with the spirit of the Gmian philosophers then p-
AIing, Josephus drew from the Law and the Prophets, and
from tbe traditions of the eldem and the *heones of t k va-
Tiom &s of the 3m,all he coald find rmt in the moat re-
mote degne would tend to show:
First, that tht Jewish religion was not far hchind pqpulrrr
Grecian philosophy; but that somczuIrot anafog~wtheoria,
had been drawn from hloses' Law, and hcld by some Jews,
long Wore the Grectan philasophrrs tmched them.
Secondly, that it was not their religiots i d e s which made
the Jews as a people hard to wt~trolor rcl~lliotts,as all lib-
erty-love~sw m esteemed by the C-m. Hcnce he at-
tempts tb prove, at r time when virtue --& a t ~ e m e dto con-
sist mainly in submision, that hiwcs' TAW **t3uphtfirst of
all that God is the Father and I.ord of d l things, and be-
stows a hapyy life lilxrn those r i m follow him, bur plunges
sach as da not walk in the patiis of v i r w into inePitabte
miseries." And it is in support of this id+ and for rmch
puzpasar, evidently, tbat Joscphtrs, aRer saying: '.There are
three philosophical d s anlong the Jews; first, the Phari-
KYS; ssrxnrd, the Sadducees, and third, the Eents," pro-
d to give an account of their three theories; arpecidly
detailing any fgahvcs which wsanblcd Grcrian phi101zophy.
And became tht last and least, the &sene, most rrsembled
the dc&hcs of the Stoics and l d i n g G d n theories,
Joscphus devotes n d y ten times as much pace to tbeir
views as to the vim of both Saddmxs and P b m k e corn-
b i n d And y& the bxmswcre so insignificant a s& that
the Ntw Tsotrm~ntdoar not meotio:I them, while Jcmphm
I4 mufSpy ih4 Scnjluru?
h i m d f admits they were few. W k e r Views they neld,
therefore, on any mbjeQ, cannot be claimed as k a v i n g j w
i d rmn@ion, when the Vast majority of Jews held contrary
oltiaioos. The very that our Lord and the apostles
tlid not refer to them is good evidence that tile Essenes
1rb;lo.wphp by no mtans r@mented the Jewish ideas. T h i s
small 4 probably grew up lateraad probably absorbed from
Grecian philosophy its ideas concerning immortality and tile
everlasting torment of the non-virtuous. Itshould k r e m u n
kred that Jaeephus was not barn until three yeam after our
Tmdrsuucitixion, and that he published his "Wars " A. 13.
75 and "Antiquities" A. D. 9 3 4 t a time when he and
other Jeus, like all the rest of the world, were eagerly swal-
lowing Grecian pfiifosophy and science falsely so caned,
gainst which Paul warned the chi1rch.-401. t :8; I Tim.
6:2 0 .
J q h w dir&ed special attention to the Fsxenes Irecaw
it suited his obje& to do so. Headmits that the Sadducees,
aext to tlie largest body of Jewish people, did not believe in
hrunan immortality. Attd of the Phisees' views he mnkac
a blind statement, calculated to mislead, as follows: "They
idso believe that auufs have an immortal VI&Y in them mi
might be undenitood to mean that the Pharisees did not be-
lieve as the Sadducrtesl that death ended all existence, but
t>elirvcdin a utkm or life beyoad the grave-by a resurrec-
tion 4f the dead.], and that under theearth there wfll be re-
w d s and punishn~ents,according as they bsve lived v i m -
otdy or viciously in this life; and that tbe latter are to be
detained in an eves~astingprko~ [not tortured], but that the
former [the virtuous] &all have fo revhe and lior
agnin."
Is it not apparent that J w p h m has whittled and stmchcd
the v i m of the Pharisees, as much as hls elastic consciena
would allow, to show a hmonp k n them and rht phi-
losophies of Grccct? Paul, who had been a Pharisae, con-
cadi& Joeephu~. While Jusephus says they b e l i e d *& th3s
only the virtuow would revive and /kt agaia [Does not
chie imply a rtmwe&oon, and imply also that the 0 t h
wotttd not Svt again, but -n dmi, in the gmt prison
-the tomb?]," Pad,on the contar).,says : "I have hope to-
ward God, which they themselves allu~v,tllnt tilere shall

A& 94 :15.
We have no hesitancy a b u t scccptinfi the testimony of
the inspired Apostle Paul, not only in try:rrJ to what the
Jews believed, but also as to trhnt hc nrtJ ihc m l y Church
believd; and we repeat, that the tlrwry of the everking
tonrrclu'of the wicked, based upon thc tttc*urythat the hu-
man soul cannot die, is contnry to ltotll tlre Old and the
New Testament teachings, and tvay iritrucl~rccdaaiong Jews
and Christians by Grecian phi1oso)rlrcra. 'l'twnk God for
the purer philosophy of the S t ~ i j r t i ~ r\~t~ii-h
t~, t a h c s that
the death of the soul (being) is t f ~ c~vt~:rlty of sin (Exk.
28 :no); that all souls contlernncrl tl>rl.ri~gh Adam's sin were
deemed by Christ's sosoul (kt.5 3 : t o ) ; and that only for
m'&lz i?J$i~i$~d sin will any die rhc second dcath-m

CHOOSE LIFE THAT YE HAY LIYE.


-1 have m berm rkco Bt any life md good, dcruh aad d," I
hr+e set be(orr yao life md d d , bbdng nod Mvriagr therefore
&wa 13, that lhpt thou ond thy 4may Pw."-Deot p : z j r 15%
\Vc come now to the ansideration of other Scripture
mmnent~~ in harmony with the conclusians set forth in thv
p d n g rdcles.
Tbe words hcre quoted are from Moses to Isnel. Tc*
appreciate them we mwt r a n a n k that Isnri ps a p p k ,
and all their covcnmta, saaitloes, e.,had a typical sign&
ace.
Cod knew that they could not obtain life by keping the
law, no mot* how much they would c h c to da SQ, be-
arrw t h y , like all othem of the fallen race, were weak,d+
paved through the eff& of the sour p p e of sin which
Adam had eatea, and which his children had continued to
ent. (Jer. j r :s p ) Thus, as Paul dectales, the l a w given
to Israel could not give them life Ixxauoo of the wclilktrcsm
or depravity of their Callen nature.--Rom. 8:s; Heb. 7:rg;
IO:s-I0.
Nevcrrtheles, Cod foresow a M t to them from wen an
unsuccessful attempt to live pedeftly ; namely, tbat it would
develop them,as well as strow them the need of the b e
sacrifice (the r a m m which our I ~ r dJaw gave) and a
grtatrr deliverer than Masee. And with alI this thedr trial
ftnnished a pattern or shadow of the individual trial insured
to the whole world (which h c i typified) and sccued by
the bette sacrifices for dn, which were t k r e prefigured, to
be accomplished by the great prophet of whom Moses was
h t a type.
1 % seeing
~ that the trial for life or death presented to
Israel was but typical of the individual nial of the w b k
world, and its issues of life and death (of eternal life or the
becond death), may help same to see that the gnat thou-
sand-yearday of hid, of which our Innl J e ~ u shas been a p
painted the Judge, contains the rctvo issues, life and dwh.
All will thcn be called upon to decide, undm that m a t fa-
vnmI~lcopportunity, for rir;htsousness and life or sin and
death, and a choice must be made. And, aftbough there will
la rcu.ards and e r s t r i p " according to thc dads of the
ptcwnt life, as d l as accordingto thdr conduct m d a that
trial (John 3 3 9 ; Matt. to:&; fit.I X : W - ~ ~ ) , thever-
diet in the end will .kin hannony with tZU! choice a-
p d by the c o n d w of each d&g thrt sge of hipL
Hmcl d u l l y the nth of the coming age-Jer. j z :ap34;
Erek. r 8 : q n . Thep prove to us, beyond a dwbt, the
dnoaity and reality of dl God's professions of Lore to mtn ;
"As 1 live, 4 t h the Lord God, I have bo pleasort in the
death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way
and live< Turn ye, tum ye lrom your evil ways; for why
will yedie?" (Ezek, 33:xr.) Wheir the nun whostepiil
is required to refund the stolen property to its righrful
ownerJwith the addition of twenty per cent. interest, and
tbe man who deceives, filaely accuza; or otherwise w n p
hi neighbor, is required te acknowledge his crimar Pnd so
Tot as possible to repair cSarmyCc?r,on lei1of nn c?tanrl loss
of life, d l not this tx retributive justice? Note rhe clear
stPtcmcat of this in Cod's typicnl ddings with W J whom
hemadc to rtprcscnt thc world.-I Cor. IO:II ;h. 6:s-7.
See also Tah#uck Shruim*psge 81.
The second trial, its sentence lu~dia wult, an h s h o w a
in the words of M o m quotab by Peter (A& 3: 2x1 13):
"A Prophet ehall the Lord your God nise up unto you of
yaar bdwcn, like unto me. Him hall ye hePr in all
things whnbsotM he MI lrpyu~tcryou. And it dtafl come
to pass thst waysoul Ckjnd which will not henr [obcpf
thpt Prophet [and thus &om Ir?] shall k des+ horn
among the peoptc" In few words this 4 l s artontion to
the world's great binl, ytt future. It shorn the p t
Propha or Teacher rnirwrd up by God to give a net* judg-
ment or trial to the condemn& rra-whicb he has r e d e a d
f m ti& condemnation which came upon it through ib pro-
genitor, A h . It shows, too, the conditions of emmil
life to k righteous obedience, and that with the cloec af
that trW. win be judged worthy of that life, and romc!
worthy of datmttion-the second desth.
OorLurd ]ena,hxviag rcdenncddlbyhisperleAd
prrrciorrrr &fin; is the Had of this great RcphcS; and
duriagtheCarpclagcGodhrrbseEl sel&ngtkmaabcn
af hiibody, who, with Christ jeaua, shall be God'r agents
in judging the world. Together they will be that Great
Rophet or 'l'errchcr promised. "Do ye not know that tln,
d n b &all fudgethe worrd7"-x Cor. 6:2,
The Lord bridly presents the a ~ m cmatt# in Matt, 15:
31-46. There he &ow the trial of the world (not the
Church, which as members of hh W y are with him in glory
dllring that Milhnial reignjudging, ruling and blessing
the world), and concluding the ilhxstntion of tbat trial,
he also r h m the same two clams noted above, 4
their opposite rewah-the one cksa, who obey and come
into b o n y with his arrrulgements,enter filly into the
hlcpsing of everlasting life, and arc t M m d k d
blepeed." The otha: c k , who with evap opportunity
o w not, experience the condemnation of death, the "sec-
ond death," and are thus ucursed" or condemned @a.
Thc firat trial was of mankind only,and hence its penalty
or curse, the fim death, was only upon man, But the see-
ond trial i s to la? much more comprehensive. It m i t i not
only be the trial OF fallen and imperfedt mankind, but it will
include evay other thing and principle and being out of
hPmrony with Jehovah. " God will bring m e work ~ into
judgment, with mrry seact thing. "
The "judgment to come" will include the judgment to
condemnation of dl false systom-civif, social and relig-
ious. ThcPe will be judged, condemned md banished early
in &e.Milknnisl day, the light of truth causing them to
come into disrepute aad thmfore to F a w a y . 'lWs jdg-
mcnt oome fim in osder,that the ttiJ of man may p r o d
unhindered by crmr,prejudice, etc. It will includenisotbr
trial of thc angels which dnned " 4 ~ an+ e "which
kept not their k t estate" ofpurity m d ohadtmcr to God.
Thta it is written by the Apodd1e of tht membm of the
body of the great Prophet and High Ria@,rbo ir to be
ma#Say & Sm-$1 19
Judgeof all-a'Knor ye aot that the mints rhrll j d g e
mg~tr?"--x Cor. 6:3.
Tbfo kin# the use, the coadcmnatioa of the Wllazr-
nM trial (drrtruction, Socolrd Death) kill cover a wfoa
n;ngc of oflmdao thPrr the p e n a l ~or come lor the dn
vfA&m, which **possbdupon dl mm." In a word, tbc
dQdractionat the close of that (rial will be the utter de-
rmtction of tvmy bchg and every C l i i q which will &oC
glorify God and be of ast and blessing to hi general
acrtio~, Thru the Sbcond Death will be to the perfect
futun age what Gckarwra, the Valley of Hianem, ms to
the typical dty and kingdom of Ismel. It wilt demo7
and cornme totally whatever is cast into it.
Thur m n , the Second Depth does not m a n rimply to
die or k destroyed r wa~ndtime ; for aome things will
b d ~ ~ r o y cindthe *'&mud Dtath" which were nwa
kfare donmpta; for instance, Satan never yet died, eo
it mcotlld not mean death 8 second time to him. Sa, too,
m e of the +ems of cnor which wilt be destroyed in
that C c h m , which h the Second Death, w e n never be-
fore destroyed. Hmcc thh Sacond h t h in which they
win be destroyed -not be considered am their datnre-
tion a second time. The Second Death, or deotrucrion,
k the nnme of the datmetion which will came upon
row rr$t Mmg as thc result or verdict of the M i l l d f
w g* r m tbo "judgment to came."
l
:

Mimm-
RETRIBUTIQTS.
TbsmtrPlaoofthirtaok1uhubunrpcaaplWta(ban*Qr
fCitbulcdhimeasea llut the h c r ~ c o f tommatt' * ~ k nb
w t in rha ~~~c Bt% li ba views d the &riot ehrr.
p e d . n d MI ruu
~ l l ) ( i g ~ ~ t ~ ~ t b ~ ~ b b c n m l . reowbfsd,h
tobow-; and W s p n c s n u c p q M d l b h£m&h
o O . i b J p L h ~ d ~ D ~ eWT d. i ~r a L .o..
ul+ulrm t h e n prclra~tedto the eye d obcdiu~tf.Ih We a16a
.arPeb, /mea w p ~d Tun W A'bv ~ ~4 antdab# 8 4 # d l n
a, V&l en$ MeHal Sm, ,A*wn R h ' J d h , ac., rbmtpll tbilt,
rMlrhmwiRbano *-hetltomuat," &em will be 8.w
&* Mded upra " drnrlda~radoe?b4 ."
SCRIPTU~~H
INDEX
--
G I T A T I O ~ ~
OP THIS PAXRH-.

GENES= PSALMS. 80:15, 1% 18.....


1:B .........
........ MI 6:s
8:-
..........
........ 17 E C C m
...
42:BB ........ 16
16 60 9:lO 12.18.40
9:17 ...... 14. 67 SONG OF SOL.
(4:2g ........ 17 16:lO .. 13, 18. 21 8:6 .*.,*..... 1s
44:Sf ........ 17 IG:ll ........
axaaus. 18:6 ......... IS17 6:14
I&klA&
.........zli
........ 6 81:11 ........ 17
-.*..a.6.

9 8:20 .........
49:14, u ..... 17 14:s ...... 18, 18
7 , ,4 11:9*.- m.68,@
LEVITICU&
......... 65:16 ........ 14 14:11 ........
......... 5% 14:lS ........ 15
6;t-7 77
16:- ........
I1 ~:18
..... 10, 1418 26:§-8 ........ 66
NUMBERS. g8:g 28:8 ......... 19
ze:xo-%~ .....
18 %: 12 ....
.a.e..

38:15-1& ...... 16
a:& ......,. 18
DEUTERONOMY.
190:15, ..... 75
32:22 ........ 14
143:5-8
~M:X
....... 874 29:9"39
88:lO ........
34:8-10 *
.....- 28
.....a

3w;l ........ 4 S8:18 ........ 18


....a.s.

X. SAM. =6:17 .,,. 13, 4O a


~o:'I., ....... cr
Z:6 .......... 17 ........ 14
XI. SAM.
~lfi:~
1 : ...... 63: 10 ........ 76
42:2 .**....** 4;

22:6 .......a+18 136:- ....... 4


138:s ........ 14 61~1
.........
...... l6
86, 88
X KINGS. 141:7 ........ 18 66:20 ........ 46
3:8, 9 ........ 17 1 4 ~ ~ 2.......
0 64 66:U ........ 38
JOB. PROVERBS. JEREXIAX.
7:s ..........
........ 17 1:IZ ......... 38
6:6 .......... 14
8X:29 ........
..... 76SB76
7 : ........ 1
a1:2B'30
10:81
11:s
11:13
.........
.....
18
14
10, 17 8:lg .........14 ........ 69
a1:21t-84 .a.S..

........ 11:21 ........ 4 ~~~


17:18
17:1.6
n:18
........
........
17
17
17
%:I1
26:W
........
........ 16 15 lk8 ......... W
33,84, is, 80..
..... ]&I, 180 ......
(8
at14 ........ 16
%:20 ........ 'CL
34:U. PO
......... 17
11 PI:25 ........ 16 &

&,
Index of TWS A
..... 61
........
lS:e0-82 77 L r n .
......... 16:6G65 .. Zg. 8665
tL ODR.
21337
91:1S ........
...... 19
3:38
4: la
10:15 ........
A.. ........
6:11 ......... 11
16:t 5
GALATUNS.
31:1b17 15
a:21 ........ 1 6 X2:4-6 ........
B3:ll ........ 77 13:s ...... 23. . 484 i
............
52:27 ........
....... 12fii $8: 19-11 .....
16: 23 ........
8:28
6:M
40 42.
81:%10
DANIEL a1:lG ........
B:l2 ......... 13
a:sr-a; .......
. .........
47
...... .
30HN
RPHESIAN8,
7.14 22
R27
61
18
S:18 .........
3:19 .........
..........
1:4
......
2:5
BO a
...
48
ROSE!A . 4:s ..........
8:2S .........
2%-1a
.
COtOSSlANS
40
13:14.19.6B. 86.68
AMOS. 6:?8 ...... 1.4. ..........
e:s 74
&:S? ......... L mES.
9:2 ..........
JOXAlf .
13 16:ll ........ Z:X8 ......... 14
A C f Y. I1. THES.
t:2 .......
18. 16 2: I .......... 1:s ..*....
6s. 56

..........
HABAIiKI;K, 2:12 ..a
2:L ..........
1% .........
2: n
......
I, TIMOTHY
ZECZIARZAH
0:12 ......... 28
. 2:a-81
.........
2:31
6:20
. ........
If TIMOTHT-
74

12:lO ........ 4 4
.........
2: 38
......... 4:7-8 46
MATTHEW.
8~16
...... TITUS.
2:ll ......... a9
.3.E. 23
6:21-22 ...... 26 .........
4:21
RE13RICWB.
6.22. as.80 ..2a.
lo:% ..... %. 29
7~15-16 .....a.
10:U ........ 76
........
24:16 1;s ..........
ROMANS. t:14 .........
Xl:26-24 ...... 78 1:17-18 ...... IS. g.5 1. (E4.8s
11:23 ........ 19 4:lG ......... 1:10 ......... 76
13:S5 ........ 82 5: 12 ......... 10:1-10 ...... 78
13:3S ........ 9 6:9 ........55. 10:2G ..... 34. ts
13:43 ........ 47 6:28 ......1G. ..... 66
15:ZB-27 ..... 29 7:12 .........
10:26-t9
16:18 ........ 20 8: 3 ..........
U:P2 ........ 26
JAMES.
l8:8-9 ........ I 1 11:19-32 ...... .......28. S6
l8:9 ......... 28 11:26-88 8:s
2k48 ........ 89 1S:lO 48.
B:18, 93 .. 2s. 34
...a
X* PETF&
I, COR. 2.7. 9 ........
.a*..

25:41 ........ 665 11. P


2ktl-48 .. 44. 78 6: 2 ..........
m
211~46..... 66, 66 &:a ..........
JA:I1 ........
2:i ..........
.......... 7

9:UJI ... B. 81 U:f ......... a:$ ..........


MABg, 2:l 86
66
Studies in the S<:rit)hmes r.L

STRONG WORDS OF COMMENDATION


BY THE
Asmanre EPnoP o t Tatp ATLANTAC O n ~ l m
Some Stilt R q c m b t r " B ~ J An?.&
.
Such will be interested tn thq Southcni PhUaraphcfa"
review of tbe first volume of Senen I. He mote romc tsme
bc2of;e he djed :-
It is tarpossible to read tlrio book withostt loving the
writer and p d & n g his wonderful miation of the p a t mps-
tetics tiat a w troubled us 811 our liver There is h a r d a
g
fami to be found that has not la* some 1o\*edope who
outsi c the church-outside the fan of ylvatmn, and, rf
gCP
Calvinism be truc. outside of ad1 Rcwc aitd tnrride of eternal
m c n t and dcsp&r. We smother our feelings md turn away
from the horrible picture. We dare nut deny the faith of our
fuhers, and yct can it k possible that the md mother and
the wandering - child are farmer ocporatcl?-forever md
fw e y r ?
1 believe it is the rigidity. of tberc t n c h i n p th?t make8
atheists and infidels and skeptrs-jnakes Clwtst~rnsunhappy
and bn' s their gray hairs down ti1 rorrdw to the gia-
~ m ct h i a lost soul! * *
"This wonderful book nmka no rsrcrtions that are not
we11 sustained by the Scripturch It i- 1ii;ilt up scone by stone
and upon cvcry stone is the text, ant1 it Ixeontcs o p-id 04
Cod$ love, and mercy, and wisdom
There is nothing in the Bibic tliat the outhot denies or
doubts, but there are many text8 that he throws a Rood o f
I' ht upon that t c m tc, rclttrlvc front tbcm the dark and
g$omy mciuttng. 1 src thst cditrtr, of lcading journats and
m a y ortbedox ministers of difltrcnt denominations hare
endorsed it and hare cmfcr4ed to this new and cornfoning
ii ht that has dawned upon the interpretation of MI bodL
&en lct e~1,cryman read md ponder and WR comfort. for n
a n all prisoners of hs~pr. Tlrrs i s an age of advanced thought,
and more thinking is tlclne than ever before-men dart to
think now. Ligtit-more light is ti= watchwordn-C. T.
Smith ("8. Arp.")
f&r ~ r r r c m w x mmum,
~ 35 n m ,?OSWAID; ~ a m nu
m
Q)tFQWEWfS, 33 CENTS; MACAZlXE =KWH (XMG A#D 5
m a s , posrpMa
ADDXESS mP9 TO
t pu.IJoftoa.
INTERNATKO#AL
BIBLE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
-Y%, tMoM.Y.uoIIU(L 8bRrPNUU;UIL4
QIu.Q1CWILaUU
A l latwwtsd i?+ tha r
um d thh rdmm a d can3dtrlns in
ptrrrnlrtrtma t9 be maa in dua .OP.OI~? wiU f;d W a DI l o r foa-
f i r r n n l j o hcomc ranroc* of the tm md ro b u r the '*thiop M W
and d d to f a t 0th- of (be hw& d faith-': )tOW m t t 0f
8 . 4 fur suclr rrvlce rtll ol conno mcuure your b c t l d t t u & it^ rcrrlce,
a i d lklcrrninc how much ef lms fnfiuunct means, dc. you wilt dr-
to it. W wu
V ~m i o wiipemL mr .P. At &ow ru
low mu& m y do mu m t h u tbaa who loro roms m r y do me-
thrag* in the nrma of% great shepherd and in the fntut*lt d hi*
*TO thlr urd wo d* Lo k- th# rpaci.l **o.idm hr' bm
r n h w t m q you m y
rrhrthar ou .P flolnok)
* -8
.oIabom D *YI m* r e g a . ~ o.
to i a m t ur a01 d 4 brr qd? a
I
rrnw d wedkt -t w h i *~.a mu ftm and in
for judicious trdatioa. WM .tro p u t f ! twtce r -%Pa
qurlrttttcr
18 p.io
h m a ~ far h a m a , ind d d r a chat our tist aoctld ttar tow
amno, if*ma art 4atarcuUd. Xt intafestrd ia chlt volume ou will arr
Eye$ bo h u e In tbe jw"V1. which i s edited y!f e e name
w c ~ p ~ ~ p e m d h 1r ywy o u w ( l h f c r r p a y o u t o r n ~ ~
-YW m~ brw it ur d l t Et is m o t ccnretynt w prt for fi In
rdmmw udl if mom able to pa fot it we rrU .pglicrtmb
i b M~WRCSI.
~ I*
1t )TOti no
pay fw It 011 *ill b~ weleema te 1~ free 1s one cJ the "kd'sin *to
oa .ppliJo11 (1 a -*CI ~f the mmc ycorty. II tw un
" b%e
' % e % r n ~ r ~ ~ h ~ ~ ' f *udy.
am on oor W ~ r c nTowre llrr at at-cly
~ r which y 4 u d to +who
tew pncu-A- uruludo
l
vdatr tan t a r of tkt Rlblc ConwMnm ctc, and arpacW~thl
Scumtu &mu urlc&-" T;= B r n u K-:*
-
m m TOO 006m r0 P(O*

-
CHRISTIAN BIBLE STUDENTS
TRE BATISFACTORY PROOFS THkT-

E+uDy Y a orgu to xiw


--Why Godborprmitmled fwaix(Ifou~dluur,.nd
-The ralntjwuhrp of Cdlr p q l n to rhu *'Ikign aZ St. ud
Uathnsadto &tbarcsutr*
7 % &k&
~ md m x y &ofdrrp i~ to a 0of Gad?
~ a m d k u sful&andin
d /ang~eqvu~cmpcAnm'mbn i*
46Tbe +Ian o? the Ages"
(18 M, oarrms. SI.~M.
D-.N , u k ~~.r n a~mdlr,~~,
"DM PoPotLb, ~ o l ) r w i r n f x : L f h;rhO Bnllla. lor
Wa&L;rd-*dMIIIhP)ba)
)lbrnnn--~mr u m x q qlcuxm, -ham; aa- .r c0s.m~.
uws, scnxrr$a&m..& runnor (snc. Awn -.I, S C D I + ~ ~ ~ R V ~ B .
* o o O l P I O W D * r O W ~

INTERNArnNAL
BfSLR STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
~ t b O W & m T O Y d l O s l
-Ab---"
%.
-
CHRISTfAN BIBLE STUDtNTS
mmRE ARE owoZbiCE8 TIUT-
*
)B
s%.
* - ~ h ~ l a a t m d ~ a n f m m ~ d a ~ ~ ~ clglfd k r ~ . ~
+-~h1).to~rr0r~~r~1rtk-~,rr.c2
& -'rh~.tedArmuDdJfeQtoNary, D a c . 2 9 4 ~ o~ .
*
4-

*
r~-ThaacrdodauLad'r~bmazu~B&n~
-TbaPtadam Ld'sCme&h,Apn7, A. D. 31.
--Tho u&%!Otp wlrh" O f b d * S foMt CniiCd A. A 36c
* - ~ h c ~ m b h ~ " ~ " - ~ ~ ~ c m . A . A p t o ~ %
Cfir -% Chihtirm A g e a l k n a q m 40 A. a 1874-19x4.
cSE - a h 3- j-mrs~ypia) of tha " ~ k r wof ~ t t t -

+,
*
GcaofaiI~*&3rxg-xx.
-The T y p W Jubherr Hark rbb Ihto OF 111cirA

he 3- ~ g . , its w~q is ~rrwnioq


n t
i
tm
-The *'Tiof tlrc Oeotllar" will und ~ 1 1 1 1A. D. 1914
ctc., T+
**
t h R a r l l c f o r o f t k ~ h A p ~ I ~ 1 ~
# -mEu at "L?f/Jr tha Prophet'' aar r Typ.-Hw &Elled.
iE,-Tkr
+ AotidutL lfu 6mal-\\'hjt?
- Wbrrr? W'lWc?

I&rr &Jbnx mrd -9 &&em d d y i&rnttk# tr **LL


+
s%+
IIOIVW f PMb.*~
'
i a d HN''a:ai4 d~ &wmtB
&waRdr&dyG+d'r Wbd,nrkcied&
k ) 4 tyAO

trlrbe Ttqa is at fIandB*

-
~OIMU~IroluIxIII.

$$ INTERNATIONAL
BrBLIE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
IIOOLLYN, W R W W , WltYOUXWWk SiAXM8U.U-
oulrllo, C r t u s r t A X t A
' L E R O T m J ~ ' I D ~
-a-

-
W Y O U ~ W T E U T

rUT*&-tc36i,t&ktm md
i-
can & bodin
*a Thy [tinqt3org Ccmqe "
Qa Wtb. Gmrre. S**U.b, lhm-Nopl.dY od -3
)?or- uww = r a w n n ? ~ ~ ; w

-
xwu* J S u u n *

INTERNATIONAL
BIBLE STUDENTS ASSOCIATXON
OOPPOPOOPqOO qgPPgP9Sp** 00Pq0OOOP**POLO
nil841AtL MED 110 PlOIll
-IIRmr-

UNDERSTAND *

"T ha BaHk of Armageddon"

/
---
(InErdLb,--udhN=-@J
(Yor~YlflltDIscLKn.~.rW
PLY..L.DRaDM)

-0llltY.d-
ro-.

INTERUATXQNAL
BIBLE STUDENTS ASSOClATlON
IIIOUI%TIs W1mII, YIIUOVI)T* -3tVOtD,
Olt..PO, C ~ I a I ~ N t A
w** qgP** 9000009aP909COP~*~
-
SSS-=SSmVIDIII

ALL CHRISTXAN BIBLE STmZENTS


Nerart&lar,batharsnofthsberthtosmbdddQlptrtn
d m r r b a Q a a t b s ~ yofthe A t b M c a t
becrccaGoddmpa
ALL S l I O U L D A N O W
-Wbstthesntp~r*ldaclPrs~ngthagulA~af
f**
I b e Atcmsmant, JebovJb W
g p a t IUdhor al Ibe At-one-mmt, w
And ~ n t ~ o n i ntba
r*nd Jewu Chris
-f"" Qe
brc ncnrvtp
nscmlty
. But thsfor tbc At-meat
*'Oaly &0tm1' mtta be " d c
f k d & " d t b a ~ ~ d ~ ~ ~ t
efr !be At-mmt.
-SapNng~&~d~kd(6.)ulySpiilin~
rith the At-me-mmt
And tbc h p t u n t pst of tbs A b ~ ~ - m m ( .pd 6 d d d -
ad.
* h

whifbad)sths~~gofoiubrdinhirKhgdom
**
ehc -tnl d d l r i n a d Atdasn#s(, -b, Ulc
Rmrrms-what it -;-why itw;twwutis~bc~teror**hub"
arand vhirh and inlo hi& all JIiblr rbdklnes fit
-Hawchit ~ n e ! s t b e t e s t d t b e ~Calsitpof
ar IU doE.
triDcl;lotfntmadclarlyitira~I(FtDit
Qrminaeykan
-R@ing m ~ n ,the aib& of the gm& At-oru-loant, bir
luvlg h.sin; bh pmky; idrcl.lircmnol th- QI*:

* bli fubw pcissiihifidcr through ~vecptDlrcuof the At.-ment.


c l t l t h i h t r r n ~ i n g a n d t *t ~n ~ t k m u a r r ~ ~ d i r -
rrrsr*d k, timpl; langwt a d ze:d&&d
rnmr -md G*rr *kt * byfaur.

&*Tho
AM3ne-b+tgitt &)IW.WIW~ &xi npd yq''
Q.~h*o.nuo,-~-w
rLOB-EM11 OcwWRSI tarZ-Ar*s DMII.I) rn EOLIO..
-
raw,&'-

4--m.mLIPDP.
~"TERNATXONAL
BXBLB STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
-.*, f b U W W . UILIOV.W* a4UUOI-
onu8na. cnalOrr*l(ll
MANY CHRISTIANS
Uu
lS -AT . T m Olt OII?tQT R . M M

t*
CClfPnl**tLf M A VOWHI
UrrrmP
4F
*#THENEW CREATION.a'
-Xtt]waraarurdbetpfal llgbtanhClasfnWeckdOoP
(ri~
**
C i P - - ~ ~ ~ h e ~ a u r 3 r d kBactcn~tbs ~ u t t , spitit+%
c& u L ~ Csew C r ~ ~ t l ~itb pl *l ~ ~ + t~ crpldo kipturnlly h
d& r!cln of Cna DI~&JwtiticUirm, SrrrctiScaCwr, 4W n .
+ 8*
Q P O ia tha FEnt R-ia
~ ~

.!4+-Itulraeup in& the d u t k a d o b l i ~ o f t h a N e * C m

++ i~km-tewud the Lxd, toward w h ahm, dh l y


f , , d m i p b b q C r r P d ~ 4 ~ , h ~ ~
*
++ rives, ctc %
kc Lord's a t a m i d Sqpw or Slanmart b d;caurl a&
+ dby~dWspooplt.
~~ *
aptWr r t r u i t t d a h a t i t i f a o t r b o l r l d b c d c ~ r l y & &

**
--&ptbf ofnacatirg cbapta. Tbemtg

*
bfrraofdjail dajmnhtica nrspoinrcd mt in kindly
tpjrit,rad~lhstmaBTptEnnfi&cLia~
st9%-ale,-h
I $ t - - ~ h C b r n d ~ o t b u , ~ ~ n r t b n n , d ~ ~

i)l)
onaiM,mdfhs S a i p h n r t m e b d ~ f o r ~ c h c m i ~
~thepe~dlltdfho5ahPc~tanceobrborain~*
mbbdoumr.)
*+
**
# leraw-c-mn c- a
.o-,

-
rrnsn. -as;
sDrrWL?eanum.*caun

*DOU0o.OLLlm~a*
nam-

INTERNA'MO NAL
RI3LB STUDENTS ASSOCIATfON
.PQQYLYY, t O l W W . XlLDUX*k BABkUlC#-SWISa
OXOU4 C Y R m T l W I *
THE WATCH
- TOWER
Ub--
~ 0
70PmJ, edltod bp $iteanther of " 8 t u ~ t t a . ~wr,
arq* &aId raprlatly Malt all who ban, the Jigbtest inwee In
tfis topica & m a a d b this and tho othor w l u m e ~uf tho ' O S c r ~ -
v n t & n t M f ~ , ~XtisimultwicDrnxcrnth,rbpaglrr,atonaddtrr
(6) r ysor in r d v u t c ~
T h t rrrmr of th6 fntnssted may be withost It, tho urpagwsent ir
tbat th- r h o PQ04 msy h t e It an d i t on appltcPtian, rhllo
tboso tao poor b pay may receive it regdarly fm hp Mbg th.
faotr and nrrkhg request arch Nay. All n c r ttncts am tsot to
Two Wlt.m Towen tit, which it 1s desired shall tcpnsmt OU b
bmsted h prcartnt truth, ttro I t h a w a a w ~ a s a g d
Otrman, Bwodbb, Dano-Nomeyhn,sad Pmnch cdith# d T ~ B
WA- htrrra Mdm pnb11M r0-y.
XNTERNATXONAI,
BIBLE STUDBNTS ASSOCIATION
llX00K&YH, WELBDVRWP, h*H UliN- ;;LDERFELQ,
bRKBR0, UlNIsTtAsrr

Tht Sodcty wner salicl?~b o l r ~ r f ~but


? %it arar m b t u y
tribt\tfwssu riwly nnd ccoimmiorlly orr pmsibla in the p w t h
CWstjm IpauIedge along the lines prawntad in "SWDIW f~
nra Scnt~ruarra~It y d y circolarn toas of vacu .nd papcn
free, tbr@ tho &hand througla ralustafy* p n k
It jmtillor t b t portion of its name which rnletea to the Btbk-
(oat by poldi&ng 8iMeI nor by elqkting them g r a t ~ l ~bat) y,
-by capplylag Bibto md Bibloatudy helps at aholcsde prices;
.nd often belaw the usrul w k a W a tat- We mclrtioo a fow of
tbCtPr en r a r d t a g pages, ot COW m Y b g L L S r ~ nIn mTUC
Gcarormrro" .sthe most impasf.at helps or Wbta Kaysln urd T ~ l r
WATIZTOWXR, mmf-xnOo.rhly,
their effioicat rupplmeat.
RIodsn who Wro to co8pcm;t6 h tbcitnttntfon of ''Fminwa SR
mlr&r~'rlltkrmppiLsdstarrL~rado~nhmtnat.
udwtua, W ~ U a r # p o o b o s ; t h L i
TWO vr .laable work publlsbul under Ibt *h 1
%
thr Fuwter \ ~ d l rCR, dn Yo?k Cky vntit ao9 (tfur y*cri%&
hbr brcn wld b ;bun at t l W in d a b and )a00 in bJt.14athCr b i n 6
1.1. Fos rcuerdycan s frknd, nn s-t Bfble studant, drd- of PI*
drtiop tbr n r d m of our Soduy'r putblintiqra, ha# rwpl~cdthem
lhrmp ar n r prrrtly reduced price; now he has p n r d d the
oopyr pbt md plrto fran the Fow er & Wellr Co. and prarentcd the
rams to wr p a y w. 8 g%t, ander our nu-& that tbc pih wll1
trt used tor futihmng of the Tryh to the extent of our
by *uch a r m l o n ot h e r* wall ermtt the poor 01 the d i
L ~to Ak v a thir k t p in tie s u d y of tgo word.
Rrwcao Pmrca-These rill b. sold mUI h s W ~ m rT o m
aly. In 40th bindiw $l.W ( O r .W.)--i d u d a i m a m rind o m
y t d s su~scr~ption, m y or 1 -. 3.
to T. B n thin w. in
ull m c t F o leather, dlvrnfty cacott, r-1 unitrt qald edpes, r% ewe$-
!*.!her I ~ n d $!All0 (1Or 0d.)-IuJwlm portage and oar y ~ d & 8
.orrptlon t o k. T.

YOUNG'S ANALYTICAL CONCORDANCE,


-GREEK, REBREW AND EXGLISR-
T h i s wwk tr st once a Ctetk nrrtt Hebrew Lexicon. piring the
-ins of the orisfnll terms in fiaglirh, mito a Conrord~ncc,,gingdf
the words d Scripture and the wont* which tbcy ttandatt c ralw
of tlre work i s becomfnp more appmnt daily u thsrn&$ attempt ?o
pltm off p+.oote tnterp&ationr nmdct the gu&e of r better ddiairiocr
cd tht twuual.'
In thin sup& roturn w e word is a m n rd mGdcr b own
ftclrn m d ~rcettori md, e & t i n g 311 000 d.tmcm and 80,000
-tams rudln r I" &r tr large qaarto:'1@4
~.~,a*ivd p mait or em. a t d the p u & S m ~ ~ X ? d
luur d u m a 03 cltnvrr Srv~rarclxb bound ad a prmrss Tblr
ir the "Author', Edition:' q d the latest m & k Per pd'ot+ P
G w Brit& qply to Ibr BntIl Bnneh.

STRONG'S EXHAUSTIVE CONCORDANCE.


- 4 R E E X . HEBREW AND ENGLISH.-
An txecJlcat work dmflsr t o yct dtffdng bwn "Youngk." Not
mrhj rill have use lor both. Somc prefw we, uuar the orbor. la
rleflh 8 . 0 ( 1 ' half leather m,BO nntr For prices iu Gnrt
nrttrln, rpdlg to the ~ ; f t u hdranek

XNTERNATIONAL
B1BX.E STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
WHAT SAY
THE SCRIPTURES
ABOUT....

Spiritism?
-A-
' ' ~ ~ ~ I ~ ~ w o N * ~ w ~ A ~

THLnecic39ity for this little brocfrutt lies in the fact


that Spiritism is showing an incrtased activity of late,
and ma@ witb oonsidcrablc success in entrapping
( = h W who are fedhag dissatisfied with their pres-
eat att.i;rinmont, and craving spiritual food urd better
foundation for hi*.
The aim is to show the tur~criphsFalncosof Spirit-
ism, ond to point those who hunger Pnd thirst for
trutft in tbc direaim of God's W o W e ownel of
the Most =gb. "Thou s M t guide me with &y
countel, .nd a f m - r d rccdvc me to gbq.''-Psa,
73 %

ram.:-
fNTERNATLONAL
-1 -.
BIBLE STUDENTS hSSOCfATtOH
..Iown4
QL.ltq-
U I Y F
WHAT SAY THE SCRIPTURES
ABOUT HELL?

Wbi*gMte~roaapnthionsWtd t r o c r & u d t h r g r a &


a d who, +a, sad b i n g prwail, ws are &mad
sorim (bat tkc wkh ~1 r k o rb- tbk loa
"
docttlnr I& wud & n ~ , ~lplicwm,intktrlit
tbr uw. "bm Lbc mw wrrC being dkmf
do ~ O PI l j J BCflw C k b t
~h ~ 0 t h
t ~ p l eatre ro l
Im rn m
a bna ta
t h be
T
~
-
Qst the I d t o o fw cb; % knphrm, ajiinrtB'&
a n d g v e r a m d i s mJ *ad mb 1w.t U th( W d .
&aru%
IGod-
*ha bf-nd cuntqab.rtJ to & e m dt rtc Qe,r belt! in "hdlN
ti mh~tta to that eamt tZ;ir L ~ I I in t k B c , the r n c ~ ~ nda
~ b ~ a1
tbc trar &d ir &keo &Iro.--ro the thme who h ~ v edmppcd tklr
bdii ~a r J h d ~ " o! some kin4 ol rrrdlci, totmmr, act 0 t h upm
&Mds lad I& * God% Work

I?JTRRNATIONAL
RiBLE STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
Baool€tm,tnrmo*, YPlOOIR
O I u i A can8MUIl