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Description of the -listinfo output

-----------------------------------
Grammar
-------
start -> ENTRY*
ENTRY -> ENTRYNAME ENTRYVALUE
ENTRYNAME -> SYMBOL
ENTRYVALUE -> SYMBOL | STRING | ENTRYLIST
ENTRYLIST -> '(' ENTRY* ')'
SYMBOL -> any char except separator, '"', '(', ')'
STRING -> default C string in double quote ""
Any space (specifically any char that the C function ispace() tells is a
space) is considered a separator and must be ignored.

Semantic
--------
game (...)
Definition of a game emulated.
resource (...)
Definition of a resource. For example the NeoGeo BIOS rom 'neogeo'.

Entries common for 'game' and 'resource'


----------------------------------------
name NAME
Name of the game or resource. This is the only required item.
The specified NAME is unique in all file.
description DESCRIPTION
Generic description.
manufacturer MANUFACTURER
Manufacturer of the game or resource.
year YEAR
Year of the game or resource.
romof NAME
The game or resource use rom of another game or resource named NAME.
[Equal to cloneof entry in GameDriver specification.]
sampleof NAME
The game or resource use sample of another game or resource named NAME.
[Is the first element with starting * in the samplenames array.]
rom '(' name NAME size SIZE crc CRC ')'
Rom specification his name, size and crc.
sample NAME
Sample specification.

Entries specific for 'game'


---------------------------
cloneof NAME
Clone-of relathionship. This is intended to express an abstract
clone-of relathionship. It's equal to the cloneof entry in gamedriver
specification with the exception of the special NOT_DRIVER games
(neogeo, cvs, decocass, playch10).
chip '(' ... ')'
List of hardware chips used by the game. A MAME cpu used ONLY for sound
has the 'flags audio'.
video '(' ... ')'
Informations of the game video hardware.
input '(' ... ')'
Informations of the game input hardware.
driver '(' status (preliminary | good) color (preliminary | imperfect | good)
hiscore (preliminary | good) ... ')'
Informations of the MAME driver status and requirements.
sound '(' ... ')'
Number of the sound channels.

How to read the file


--------------------
If you need to read the output of -listinfo option you must take care
of these issues:
1) You can't do any assumption of space indentation.
2) You can't do any assumption of max line length. All output can be
in a very long line.
3) You can't do any assumption of order of the entries.
4) You can't do any assumption of the presence of any entry except the
game.name and resource.name which are mandatory and unique.
5) You must ignore any entry unknow.
6) Spaces are required only for separing SYMBOLs.
7) Lists of entry empty are valid.
For example:
game(description"Pac Man (Midway)"unknowentry()name pacman rom(size 4096
name pacman.6e crc c1e6ab10))
is a valid output.
Example
-------
This is a complete module for reading info files.
info.h Library header
info.c Library module
test.c Example of use
-- info.h --------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifndef __INFO_H
#define __INFO_H
#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif
#include <stdio.h>
enum info_t {
info_error, /* generic error in reading */
info_eof, /* end of file got at valid position */
info_symbol, /* symbol */
info_open, /* ( */
info_close, /* ) */
info_string /* c string automatically converted */
};
const char* info_text_get(void);
enum info_t info_token_get(FILE* f);
enum info_t info_skip_value(FILE* f);
void info_init(void);
void info_done(void);
unsigned info_row_get(void);
unsigned info_col_get(void);
unsigned info_pos_get(void);
#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif
#endif
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- info.c --------------------------------------------------------------------
#include "info.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <assert.h>
/* Start size of buffer */
#define INFO_BUF_MIN 64
/* Buffer used for storing last token */
static unsigned info_buf_mac = 0;
static unsigned info_buf_max = 0;
static char* info_buf_map = 0;
/* Position in the stream */
static unsigned info_pos = 0; /* Char */
static unsigned info_row = 0; /* Row */
static unsigned info_col = 0; /* Column */
/* Init */
void info_init(void) {
assert(!info_buf_map);
info_buf_max = 0;
info_buf_map = 0;
info_pos = 0;
info_row = 0;
info_col = 0;
}
/* Done */
void info_done(void) {
free(info_buf_map);
info_buf_map = 0;
}
/* Get information of file position */
unsigned info_row_get(void) {
return info_row;
}
unsigned info_col_get(void) {
return info_col;
}
unsigned info_pos_get(void) {
return info_pos;
}
/* Resize the buffer */
static void info_buf_resize(unsigned size) {
if (!info_buf_max)
info_buf_max = INFO_BUF_MIN;
else
info_buf_max *= 2;
if (size > info_buf_max)
info_buf_max = size;
info_buf_map = realloc(info_buf_map, info_buf_max );
assert( info_buf_map );
}
/* Add a char to the buffer end */
static inline void info_buf_add(char c) {
if (info_buf_mac >= info_buf_max)
info_buf_resize(info_buf_mac + 1);
info_buf_map[info_buf_mac++] = c;
}
/* Reset the buffer */
static void info_buf_reset() {
info_buf_mac = 0;
}
/* Return last token text */
const char* info_text_get(void) {
/* ensure the buffer end with zero */
if (info_buf_mac==0 || info_buf_map[info_buf_mac-1]!=0)
info_buf_add(0);
return info_buf_map;
}
/* Read a char from file */
static int info_getc(FILE* f) {
int c = fgetc(f);
switch (c) {
case EOF:
break;
case '\n':
info_col = 0;
++info_row;
++info_pos;
break;
default:
++info_col;
++info_pos;
break;
}
return c;
}
/* Unget a char from file */
static void info_ungetc(int c, FILE* f) {
--info_pos;
--info_col;
ungetc(c,f);
}
static enum info_t get_symbol(FILE* f,int c) {
while (c!=EOF && !isspace(c) && c!='(' && c!=')' && c!='\"') {
info_buf_add(c);
c = info_getc(f);
}
/* no reason to unget space or EOF */
if (c!=EOF && !isspace(c))
info_ungetc(c,f);
return info_symbol;
}
static unsigned hexdigit(char c) {
if (isdigit(c))
return c - '0';
return toupper(c) - 'A' + 10;
}
static enum info_t get_string(FILE* f) {
int c = info_getc(f);
while (c!=EOF && c!='\"') {
if (c=='\\') {
c = info_getc(f);
switch (c) {
case 'a' : info_buf_add('\a'); break;
case 'b' : info_buf_add('\b'); break;
case 'f' : info_buf_add('\f'); break;
case 'n' : info_buf_add('\n'); break;
case 'r' : info_buf_add('\r'); break;
case 't' : info_buf_add('\t'); break;
case 'v' : info_buf_add('\v'); break;
case '\\' : info_buf_add('\\'); break;
case '?' : info_buf_add('\?'); break;
case '\'' : info_buf_add('\''); break;
case '\"' : info_buf_add('\"'); break;
case 'x' : {
int d0,d1;
unsigned char cc;
d0 = info_getc(f);
if (!isxdigit(d0))
return info_error;
d1 = info_getc(f);
if (!isxdigit(d1))
return info_error;
cc = hexdigit(d0) * 16 + hexdigit(d1);
info_buf_add(cc);
}
break;
default:
return info_error;
}
} else {
info_buf_add(c);
}
c = info_getc(f);
}
if (c!='\"')
return info_error;
return info_string;
}
/* Extract a token */
enum info_t info_token_get(FILE* f) {
int c = info_getc(f);
/* reset the buffer */
info_buf_reset();
/* skip space */
while (c!=EOF && isspace(c)) {
c = info_getc(f);
}
/* get token */
switch (c) {
case EOF:
return info_eof;
case '(':
return info_open;
case ')':
return info_close;
case '\"':
return get_string(f);
default:
return get_symbol(f,c);
}
}
/* Skip a value token
* note:
* Skip recusively any info_open and info_close
* return:
* info_error error
* otherwise last token skipped
*/
enum info_t info_skip_value(FILE* f) {
/* read value token */
enum info_t t = info_token_get(f);
switch (t) {
case info_open:
t = info_token_get(f);
if (t==info_error)
return info_error;
while (t!=info_close) {
/* first read type as a symbol */
if (t!=info_symbol)
return info_error;
/* second skip the value */
t = info_skip_value(f);
/* two value required */
if (t==info_error)
return info_error;
/* read next token, a type or a info_close */
t = info_token_get(f);
if (t==info_error)
return info_error;
}
break;
case info_symbol:
case info_string:
break;
default:
return info_error;
}
return t;
}
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- test.c --------------------------------------------------------------------
#include "info.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#define true 1
#define false 0
int info_load(FILE* f) {
enum info_t token = info_token_get(f);
while (token!=info_eof) {
if (token != info_symbol) return false;
if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"game")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_open) return false;
token = info_token_get(f);
while (token != info_close) {
if (token != info_symbol)
return false;
if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"name")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("name %s\n", info_text_get() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"description")
==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_string) re
turn false;
printf("description %s\n", info_text_get
() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"manufacturer"
)==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_string) re
turn false;
printf("manufacturer %s\n", info_text_ge
t() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"year")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("year %s\n", info_text_get() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"cloneof")==0)
{
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("cloneof %s\n", info_text_get() )
;
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"romof")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("romof %s\n", info_text_get() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"sampleof")==0
) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("sampleof %s\n", info_text_get()
);
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"rom")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) != info_open) ret
urn false;
token = info_token_get(f);
while (token != info_close) {
if (token != info_symbol) return
false;
if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"name
")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) !=
info_symbol) return false;
printf("romname %s\n", i
nfo_text_get() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(
),"size")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) !=
info_symbol) return false;
printf("romsize %s\n", i
nfo_text_get() );
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(
),"crc")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) !=
info_symbol) return false;
printf("romcrc %s\n", in
fo_text_get() );
} else {
if (info_skip_value(f) =
= info_error) return false;
}
token = info_token_get(f);
}
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"driver")==0)
{
if (info_token_get(f) != info_open) ret
urn false;
token = info_token_get(f);
while (token != info_close) {
if (token != info_symbol) return
false;
if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"stat
us")==0) {
if (info_token_get(f) !=
info_symbol) return false;
printf("driverstatus %s\
n", info_text_get() );
} else {
if (info_skip_value(f) =
= info_error) return false;
}
token = info_token_get(f);
}
} else if (strcmp(info_text_get(),"sample")==0)
{
if (info_token_get(f) != info_symbol) re
turn false;
printf("samplenames %s\n", info_text_get
() );
} else {
if (info_skip_value(f) == info_error) re
turn false;
}
token = info_token_get(f);
}
} else {
if (info_skip_value(f) == info_error) return false;
}
token = info_token_get(f);
}
return true;
}
int main() {
info_init();
if (!info_load(stdin)) {
info_done();
fprintf(stderr,"Error reading at row %d column %d\n",info_row_ge
t()+1,info_col_get()+1);
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
info_done();
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
------------------------------------------------------------------------------