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IS 962 : 1989

( Reaffirmed 2001 )

lndian Standard
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR ARCHITECTURAL
AND BUILDING DRAWINGS
( Second Revision)
First Reprint JUNE 1993

UDC 721’021’22

@ BIS 1991

BUREAU OF INDIA-N STANDARDS


MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002

March 1991 Price Group 11


Planning, Byelaws and Dimensional Co-ordination Sectional Committee, BDC 10

CONTENTS Page
1. SCOPE ... . .. . .. . .. 1
2. REFERENCES . .. .. . . .. ... 1
3. SIZES OF DRAWINGS ... ... . .. ... 1
4. LAYOUT OF DRAWINGS ... . .. ... .. . 1
5. REPRODUCTIONOF DRAWINGS .-. ... .. . . .. 3
6. FOLDING OF PRINTS .. . ... .. . . .. 3
7. SCALES ... . .. __. . .. 3
8. PROJECTION . .. ... . .. ... 3
9. LINE WORK . .. . .. .. . . .. 6
10. LETTERINGAND DIMENSIONING .. . ... ... .. . 8
11. GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS ... . .. . .. .. . 9
12. ABBREVIATIONS .. . ... . .. ... 24
13. CONVENTIONALREPRESENTATION OF MATERIALS IN SECTION ..I .. . 27
14. NUMBERING OF BUILDINGS AND PARTS OF BUILDINGS . . . ... 27
15. DESIGNATIONOF ROOMSAND OTHER AREAS ... . . . . .. 31
16. COLOURING THE PLAN . .. ... . . . ... 31

FOREWORD
This Indian Standard ( Second Revision ) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on
3 April 1989, after the draft finalized by ,the Planning, Byelaws and Dimensional Co-ordination
Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council.
It has been found desirable to codify the numerous architectural and building drawing ofhce practices
followed in the various architectural and civil engineering departments, so that the drawings prepared
in any office can be read without fear of misinterpretation. The purpose of this code is to establish
certain conventions, in order to avoid confusion, increase speed and achieve quick identification
wherever this is reasonably possible.
This standard was originally published in 1967. The present revision has been undertaken with a view
to updating the contents of the standard. The revision takes into account international drawing
practices. In this present revision recommendations with regard to sizes of drawings, scales, line
work, lettering and dimensioning and nomenclature of buildings have been aligned with international
practice.
Considerable assistance has been derived in the formulation of this code from the fJlowing standards
published by the International Organization for Standardization:
IS0 2595 : 1973 Building drawings - Dimensioning of production drawings - Representation
of manufacturing and work sizes
IS0 4067 ( 2 ) : 1980 Building and civil engineering drawings - Installations - Part 2 Simplified
representation of sanitary appliance
IS0 4C07 ( 6 ) : 198.5 Technical drawings - Installations - Part 6 Graphical symbols for supply
w:iter and drainage systems in the ground
IS0 4157 ( I 1 : !9SO Building drawing - Part 1 Designation of buildings and parts of buildings
IS0 4157 ( 2 ) : 1952 Technical drawings - Construction drawings designation of buildings and
parts of buildings - Part 2 Designation of rooms and other areas
Ihls stancia~d d!m covers nomenclature of floors and storeys at present covered in IS 2332 : 1972
‘Nume:iclature of foors and storeys’, consequently this standard is withdrawn. The present nomen-
clature is based on international practice but the earlier provisions of IS 2332 : 1972 rerat~ug to
mezzanine, galleries and basements have been retained.
IS %2:1989

Indian Standard
CODE OF PRACTICE FOR ARCHITBCTURAL
AND BUILDING DRAWINGS
( Second Revision )
1 SCOPE 3.3 Special Elongated Sizes ( Second Choice )
1.1 This code lays down the recommendation for When a sheet of greater length is needed, one of
sizes, layout, reproduction, folding of prints, scales, the sizes in Table 2 should be used.
projection, line work, lettering and dimensioning,
graphical symbols, abbreviation, representation of Table 1 Preferred Sizes
materials in section, numbering of building,
designation of rooms and other areas. ( C/ause 3.2 )

2 REFERENCES
2.1 The following Indian Standards are necessary
adjuncts to this standard:
I
I Designation
(1)
A”:
::
Dimension, mm

420
594
(2)
841 x
x 841
594
1 189

IS No. Title A4 z;: “x 4;;


9609 Lettering on technical draw-
( Part 1 ) : 1983 ings : Part 1 English characters
Table 2 Special Elongated Sizes
10711 : 1983 Sizes of drawing sheets ( C/awe 3.3 )
10713 : 1983 Scales for use on technical Designation Dimension, mm

10714 : 1983
drawings
General principles of presenta-
I (1)
A3 x 3 420
(2)
x * 891
tion on technical drawings I A3
A4
x
x
4
3
420
297
xl 189
x 630
10720: 1983

11665 : 1985
Technical drawings
ctural metal works
Technical drawings -
for stru-

Title
I A4
A4
x
x
4
5
297
297
x 841
xl 051

block These sizes are obtained by extending the shorter


sides of a formaf of the A series to lengths that
3 SIZES OF DRAWINGS are multiples of the shorter side of the chosen
basic format.
3.1 Selection and Designation of Sizes
3.4 Exceptional Elongated Sizes ( Third Choice )
The original drawing should be made on the
smallest sheet permitting the necessary clarity and When a very’ large or extra elongated sheet is
resolution. essential, one of the sizes in Table 3 should be
used.
The choice of sizes of the original drawing and its
These sizes are obtained by extending the shorter
reproductions shall be made from the series shown
sides of a format of the A series to lengths that
in 3.2, 3.3, and 3.4 in that order.
are multiples of the shorter side of the chosen
Drawing sheets may be used with their longer basic format.
sides positioned either horizontally or vertically.
4 LAYOUT OF DRAWINGS
3.2 Sizes Series A ( First Choice )
4.1 General
The preferred sizes of the trimmed sheets, as
selected from the main A series, are given in For details about layout of drawings reference
Table 1. shall be made to IS 10711 : 1983.

1
Table 3 Exceptional Elongated Si+es‘ +“C$&ere$e. A system of straight consecutive
‘numbering will be found to meet general
conditions. In an organization,, where several
f secf;ioK a& #&ged-$l( $iffe&$t$pes ‘of
’ dra’wings, ‘it’ may. be convenient -to ’ issue
-<i
(1) ‘.J m : “byty!e~ oE_nurnber~~g*rhe various sections.

A0 x 2 1 iSY x 1 652 b) It will be advantageous to indicate the date of


A0 x 3 I 189x 2 523* ,the drawirag along with the drawing number
811 ix1'7YI
1’ and separated by a hyphen or a dash. This
Al x3
841 x 2 378*
will limit the serial numbering of drawings
Al x4
to one calendar year, a fresh serQ being
\ ;,o;_,
+2,.(,,$ ,..( : , : 594 x.1261 started every year. Location of old d&winas
A2 x 4 594 x 1682
2,;A2,krS.:.: .
?'j 594 k 2 102
A3 x 5 .' ' 420~~ 1486 4.3.2 L&c+& o’f.lsiige’~~+~nst~~~~o~ ~ro$.c;‘,works,’
A3 x 6 420 x 1783
whert?,‘Y$!i$” series of -.draw?ngs; for example,
A3 x 7 " 420 x.2MO archi~~iira~-dr~~iiigs’~:‘,~~~ructil~~!’.dr~ii;ings,. con-
A4 x _ms.,
6 -.. 297 v I.261 structional drawings, phmibing ‘drawings, electrical
!--%y.x.I,
.:
, ,, ,, 297 x 1471. drawings and mechanical drawings aqe~m&e;, ,the,:
A4 x 8 297 x I682 drawing number of such series Shalf be’ pregxed”
297 x 1 892 with&tters ~@,~_&&i~CI’iP, ,&u-n&M respectively.
For practicltl reasons the use of these sizes is no1
4.3.2.1 When a drawing covers several sheets for-
convenience in handling, as in the case: & a
longitudinal section of a railway or road project,
the satneimimber should bec:ggivento all the sheets’:
in thesenies:.tiith the consecutive sheet number
4.2.1 Drawings shall record all aheratians or revi- given withjn, brackets after the sub-number. -For
sions mnde from time to time. A convenient form example, ‘asheet ~shdUL8be’ designated as k 65- 1 I
is a . panel
, *.-. giving the revision number ( or letter ), ( 4 ocJ(). $ whjch_,wilI.&tica]e (hat the drawingQ$
da@iXne,ori)art revised, brief record and dated the fourth of 10 sheets &fiyb7number I I of project
in@a&-of~heapprov~ng authority.. R 65. All such sheets should be of the same size.
!>;’._.‘I -:: ?SIV!,, ,$ i :.:;.‘.a, ;_;\; : : i 1:i., j
4.1.2 The panel’for revision and any other infor- :
4.3.3 &key diagram. showing the index of sheets
m;btion anc@ary. to the revision should be con- 1
ti uous withthe title-block and read from bottom : should be, gjienJB where necessary, at the. .bottom!
of the sheet ~%ibrcate’a:t’~ fa,nce all the drawing
u k ards and’may run horizontally or vertically
sheets contigtfous $otb’t%e”ih& ‘tinder consideration.
pr
wiLh _”respect‘tb
,__ 1_ I I the drawing sheet. :\, :yq-I . ;$a&. !
“2il j I’:; ‘_‘._ ’ i:i’; :: cjo::;
4.3&.Thc:. method of assigning revision number 4.4”iepetitibn of Drawing iNumber
va&t with,tgpes of drawings and each organiza-,
tio&or.f; architect’ may adopt suitable internal
system, but in all cases, care shall be taken that
the record of revision is so tied with the drawing
that: li&:ili’~easily found. This is particularly
necessary on large sheets.
L: .::I,,’
4.2;a.Thc number and date of revision shall be
added in the revision panel.
4.%:~N~mbe&g of Drawing Sheet
4.#$,‘A methodical system of numbering of draw-’
iugs is’esse~ntial. The system of numbering drawings
shall be a matter of individual departments or
firms to decide but, in general, the following rules
are recommended:
a) A register, book or master file shdild’ be
~ ,,:,. used for the systematic
allocation of draw-
ing numbers with a card index for ready

2
4.5 Additional Information r 6.2 The recommended method of folding embodies
Gthe following features:
4.5.1 For details about additional information x.,-..,., “‘._

reference shall be made to IS 11665 : 1985. a) The. method allows drawings to be unfolded
and re-folped yh.eJ attached to other papers
5 REPRODUCTlON OF DRAWlNGS wit& fhe necessity‘ fdr- removal from the
5.1 Original d&wings and tracings are noqn@lv
file and. w.ithout the..possibil\ty f the print
being torn. Lower portioo of tx e left-hand
preserved carefgllly and copies are used in w&b
margin of the sheet may de cut after retain-
shop or on sites. The following types of +b$s t
ing 297 mm long top pdrtion in order to
are in common use.:
piovide for filing the drav$s in the files.
a) Dyel@e 1 !ri t@~‘*~@d-+‘b~ exposing b) All maps and plans are tool&d io final size
sensitize P”pap&-@ light in cbntact with the for conven+nce of recordiin $ffi ‘e files.
origisai. i tr$n&&ent draw i$$ !They are ..I _..‘.
devel&$ & $%duce p+i!ive copies by c) There is no‘necessity ‘to Qpefi u t a drawing
m&an&of admonia’gas br in ynii-dry process to see what it refers to a$ the title block,
by.!a light .bpplication of liquid developec, which gives, the particulati thb drawings,
The copy! gives b&X, line -tin, semi-dry is visible on the bottomjrig. fht-hand corner
process and.blue lines with amt@onia procegs of the folded drawings. 1 .’ j
on a white or tintep~~,~~grou.~di _ _, Ir. I ..-_I. _._)

d) Plans may be opened OUCetisild by holding


b) Ferro-prussiatG.or blue prints are developed firmly the tbp left-hand bolmer pnd pulling
by immersion in water. They have been the bottom right-hand codne?. j
largely superseded by dyeline’ prints. 3 1 I

- -I - I
Cl Projection ( photographic ) copying on 6.3 The foil&kg: ‘~~c$q&m_ @$ bk$adopted in
photo-sensitive materials:
. . paper,
4 fil$, and i the order icdidated: ._. ___ _ ,_
translucent paper, permits a cnange or scale, a) Always fold vertically first,
enlargement or reduction. To conserve filing
space, for security purposes and safety in 1 b) Fold @-@ontally next,
storage and transport, originals can be : c) Folded drquingtc I%%?%??&c;&
photographically reduced on to film. These
d) Title block to be on the topmost fold for
reductions can be enlarged to make working -easy r&rem.-_-, .I.“._
~W___+-~_~.._.-.-.~
--T-.i
,::copies or they can .be mspectea;. ;aP t
!
enlarged scale in a viewer, in w@c“ti &lie: The” different stages of folding are indic+tefl i+
--image is] prdj6td On to 3 ground ‘#$t Fin. 1 for SOme of the sizes. f i
I
r
screen. -, ‘& * jil_ -
4 Copies ti$iCh-- are to be water-cbioured 7 SCALES
should bi mide an-%iZtt-or rot@-.paper. 7.1 The scales shall be chosen in
^_,__I..
e) R&& ~cop$ ~~~~‘~~& on pho&&&tive IS 10713 : 1983.
materials, c@$?bslucent paper and. can be
produced frOm.opaque originals. The repro- 7.2 The recommended scales i for use on tedh& ‘1
dur$i:otis are bade; by -contact .&$ must drawings are specified in Ta@e 4. _. ____. - f _-i ! P:
the‘rifore be of the same size as thd driginal. I :! :
Table 4 Recommended Scales i :; j
1
5.2 All the above.‘p&esses, except ferro- russiate,
- _ ^ .;. . - _. -- - __.
can pro&k translucbnt copies from whi Ph;futthet:
Category J Recommended Scale4 > j’
cooies c& be made. $hese ~LIYoeryusef@fot the 1 I - !
preparatibn of drawings showing serviqes’ (,pipe
En\argeEent scalps
‘ad bC examined on tv trahslu-
run, etc ) which c,,\ ;:
cent copy. i E Full size
5.3 The dimensions,;’ ~~~cl;ness’-~~tie~~~ara- Reduction scales
cteristics of the lines %&id-’ be kept-in- \;iew while ’
preparing drawing fo %~~i~~-fkbmin+ --’“~4

6 FOLDING OF PRINTS _ . - “. “_..I\. .~_I”_._I._.___ __i


.-_.._ ._k...f.
6.1 The method of folding prints of drawings for 8 PROJECTION_ _._ _. :. __ .A
storing in filing cases, attaching to correspondence
files, or for binding in special reports is illustrated 8.0 For detdiWal>isur flitMplt_ df p?eWtation,
in Fig. 1 and IA. reference shall be made to IS 10714 : 1983.

3
“‘7’ ^_. ._. _
I?~~-r;irsXi~l~~ ~i~~&bn&‘&at in which each _.-- b) The view ‘fro& b&%@a~ed underneath, “:
view is so placed that it represents the side of the c) The __
view fro& thFieft placed on the left, :
object remote; from it in the adjacent view ( see “,_L,
.- ~. .“__.,.
Fig. 2 ). d) The view’ fr&n’the right placed on the righi,
and
8.1.1 With reference Jo the front vie?, the other e) The vi& from ,the rear may be placed on
views..+Tearrapged ” f&fl?%s: ~ the left or on the rigtit as foun$gonvenient.
4) I%e vie$v fqom abok%pIaiqd underneath, 9 LINE WdRK I z
&Tbe viek from below placed ab&g,
9.i All lines shall be d&se’ clean and black to
C), e vie+ fro& left <pla&#dodjthe right, produce good p&s. For hetails reference shall
b$ e viek from‘b_&t placed+n the, left, and
_.be,made to -..-IS ---
. . . I^._ JO714 : lp83.’
e)’ e view from thk Bar ‘x&y be* placed on
the left @r on the right as found convenierit. ,.. 9.2 TY~wfL~~q”_, _I

The types and


~~~...~~i~~..aogl~p_rojecilo.n.is that. in which each Table 5 sh6utd be used thickness of line shown in the
view IS so placed that it represents the side of the
object near to it in the adjacent view ( See Fig. 2 ). In cases where other-types or thicknesses of line
This method h&s the important advantage that the r-are used for sij-Ci~~~l%ld~,or if the lines specified
features of adjacent views are m juxtaposition; in the table are used for applications other than
thus it issasier thdn tht lirst angle projection in ; those detailed in the last column of the table, the
projec&i$ one iview from the other,, when drawing, t cunven$ions adopted must be indicated or explained
and ;&s@<..easi&in associating those features when f by notes on the drawing concerned.
dime@ydmg qr reading draujing.
! I 9.3 Thiikaess of Lipes
8.2.1 $h reference to the. fro&view, the other
views are arranged as follo&: ’ 7,wo tl$ckheGes of’iines are used. The ratio of
;h&;O&k ts- the -&in Bine shall not be less than
a) The view from above placed above, : .

A A
. PI.& WY** -r-

FIRST : ANGLE PROJECTION COMBINATIQN Qf FIRST AND


THIRD ANGL.E PROJECTIONS
I ” -- -.
C ;’ ‘j i ” I
/

PERSPECTIVE ‘WOJIC?KW. L lsowrtlric lROJLCVION


.f .Y;. .^
‘.. *me_i
1. ‘:’

For al* “i&s of &&&ce $ ,$+!;J&j”Q&! Qge


The thick&s b:f ii& should dk %&en -ac&rding
to the &&-&id tbiype of tb drawing:f@n the thickness”aflines should he the sap?e, $_ -::, .; I _tjsi
following range: , :’ j/ ,i ?,.‘>,. <‘I ;:>: .,fJ,,ri
9.4 Spacing of Lines
‘0~18,0*2~~‘0’~5,‘b.$‘~?, !, lS4.and]2ri$+~’
... The minimum space between p&&t$i”%Y& i&%-
’ ding hatching, should never be less than. tw’ce t e
NOTE 2 dwing to ;fifficuld&
iii’kertain ‘tiethods of
reproduction, the line thickness ,af .0.18. mm should thickness of the heaviest lit&. it is ‘r&o:binn! &d” 2d
be avoided. ’ that these spaces should never be lee, t&+n@lT:mrp.
i _. ‘,Ii ., t._,:i :‘, :.:i., i ;.,.,.!T:
., I< Table 5 .,; !;:iii., ,
,/), -.?/: i.. I ..
t :: ,:. ( &use 9.2 )
I :.: J s, (.i.Zli
I i I ,. y I,
Lirrq 1 ; Description
*
‘Continuous thick Al Visible outlines : ‘. rl j 1‘
A.’ ” I. IL.1
A2 Visible edges
; ‘.^
/_! .a *! I. : ( t ,,.
6’6.
.:i1
1
,.. :. ,:-,t;. / ., ;: ::-i, Conntinuous thin Bl Imaginary linesbf intersectioh ” I!*
I3
.‘I. ‘,i, ,; ,. 8:. ( straight or curved ) 1 7 _, :,,.- *.;i ,
B2 Dimenstiti .lin&s
:,::,. ‘:, 2 ,/. I.., :i* B3 Projection lines ’ .I is i rid “-1~
‘.’ B4 Leader lines
Btj Hat&fig ’ “.: >.i.S.ir!
Ia I I .
i B6 Ou~tlUIInis~of’revblLed keot&M?~ M&e
31 I2
_
I 1 B7 Short centre lines
Cl : :’ : ;.i”_.!
! Limits ,of partid ..or ftite y3,uatc.d
views and sectians, ifSthy, p,n& 1s
Continuous thin? not a chain thiii,lint
0 ( straight ) with zigzags. hf

t____.--j Dashed thick El Hidden outlibes*


,.W. 1, I ,I%2 ~Hidden.&g&

F _ - _ _ _ _ - )_ _ _ _ Dashed thin Fi’ ‘Hidden outl$+


; ,. -” _. F2 H.idden.edgek’xs
1 Chain thin / Gl Centre lines j

I
G2 Lines of symm+ry :?,
G ~_~_~_~~._~ .I** 1 .,_,” :c G3 Traj&toi+$ :
} Chain thin, thick at 1 Hl Cutting planes
en& and changes of
direction
H 1--‘-- ..- _I

*Although two alternatives are available, it is recommended that on any one drawing, only one type of line
be used.
tTbjs type of line is suited for production of drawings by machines. * ’ ’

7
IS 962 : 1989

10 LElTERING AYD DIMENSIONING 10.2.2 Termination of Dimension Lines


10.1 For details of lettering reference shall be 10.2.2.1 Single dimensions, chain dimensions and
made to IS 9609 ( Part I ) : 1983. parallel dimensions

10.2 Dimensioning The termination of dimension lines shall be


represented by short oblique lines, drawn at 45”
10.2.1 Notation of Dimensioning clockwise from the projection line ( Fig. 4 and 5 ).
10.2.2.2 Superimposed running dimensions
10.2.1.1 Projection lines ( also called extension
lines ) and dimension lines shall be drawn as thin, The common datum point of running dimensions
continuous lines. shall be represented by a dot surrounded by a
circle. The termination of dimension lines shall be
10.2.1.2 Starting a short distance ( to avoid con- represented by open 90’ arrowheads ( Fig.
fusing with other lines on the drawing ) from the 6 and 7 ).
outline, projection lines shall generally be drawn 10.2.3 Inscription of Dimensions
perpendicular to the associated dimension line,
and shall extend slightly beyond them ( Fig. 3 ). 10.2.3. L Single dimensions, chain dimensions
and parallel dimensions
10.2.1.3 Intersecting projection lines and dimen- Dimensions shall be placed near the middle of,
sion lines shall be avoided wherever possible. above and clear of the dimension line. The figures
Otherwise they shall simply cross each other ( no shall be oriented so that they can be read from the
special designation at intersections ). bottom or from the right of the drawing ( Fig.
4 and 5 ).
10.2.1.4 Dimension lines shall generally be unbro-
ken except, in certain cases, for the insertion of a 10.2.3.2 Superimposed running dimensions
size. Dimensions shall be placed near the arrowhead:
10.2.1.5 An axis, reference line or outline shall a) in line with the projection line ( Fig. 6 ), or
never be used as a dimension line, but may be b) where there is no risk of confusion, above
used as a projection line. and clear of the dimension line ( Fig. 7 ).

DIMENSION \
4240
/
TERMINATION
DIMENSION LINE

All dimensions in millimetres.


FIG. 3 SINGLE DIMENSION

All dimensions in millimetres.


FIG. 4 SINGLE DIMENSIONS AND CHAIN DIMENSIONING

8
IS 962 : 1989

All dimensions in millimetres.


FIG. 5 PARALLELDIMENSIONING

I-y-;
10.2.6 Units of Dimensioning

Dimensioning shall be done normally in


millimetres. The symbol for the unit may be
omitted provided that a prominent note is added
stating the unit in which all the dimensions of the
drawing are expressed. In case other units of
dimensions are used, these shall be denoted by
I-- specific notations.
0 =: z
h m
z
In
2
2 11 GRAPHICAL SYMBOLS
All dimensions in millimetres.
11.1Symbols ‘are in constant use on small-scale
FIG 6 SUPER-IMPOSED RUNNINGDIMENSIONSa)I drawings and it is considered that time would be
saved and confusion avoided if a standard rann
of symbols is extensively used.

11.2 Careful attention shall be given to the size of


these symbols, having due ragard to the scale of
PROJECTION the drawings. Wherever practicable, they shall be
drawn to scale, Some symbols may have to be
slightly enlarged for the purpose of clear indica;
tion.
DIMENSION
11.3 Windows, Doors, etc
1
1510 Generally, window openings ,shall be defined in
elevation, and doors, screens and sliding windows
on the plan. Symbols for windows are shown in
Fig. 8. The point or. apex of two lines crossing
(ARROWHEAD1 the ventilator or casement indicates the hinged
dimensions in millimetres.
All side.
FIG. 7 SUPER-IMPOSEDRUNNINGDIMENSIONS b)
11.4Symbols for electrical installations shall be
as given in Fig. 9.
10.2.4Where the structure is framed, all dimen-
sions should be related to the column or stanchion
centres, which, in turn, are related to the building 11.5 Symbols for gas fittings shall be as given in
line. Fig. 10.

10.23 Where the structure is of wall-bearing 11.6 Symbols recommended for sanitary appliances
construction, dimensions should be related to the and general fitments shall be as given in Fig. 11
rough unfinished wall faces. and 12.

9
IS 962 : 1969

VERTICAL VERTICAL HORIZONTAL TOP HUNG


CENTRE HUNG SLIDING CENTRE HUNG

BOTTOM HUNG SIDE HUNG SlDE HUNG


RIGHT HAND LEFT HAND

WINDOWS

SINGLE LEAF SINGLE LEAF DOUBLE LEAF DOUBLE LEAF


SINGLE SWING DOLIBLE !3Wl16 SINGLE swiirlG DOUBLE SWING

SIDE IiUNG CENTRE HUNG FOLDING DOUBLE LEAF

SLIDING-FOLDING DOORS AND WINDOWS

SLIOING REVOLVING

DOOR WITH ROLLING SHUTTER ROLLING SHUTTER


PROJECTED HINGES EXTERNAL INTERNAL

DOORS
FIG. 8 GRAPHICAL SYMBOLSFOR DOORS AND WINDOWS

10
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


Main fuse-board without
switches, lighting
Counterweight pendant O-

Main fuse-board with switches,


Rod pendant
OR
lighting

Main fuse-board without


Chain pendant OC
switches, power
Light bracket 0
Main fuse-board with switches,
power Batten lampholder 0 ml
Water-tight light fitting 0 Wf

Light plugs Bulk-head fitting


D
Power factor capacitor ( when
Power plug
installed remote from the
lamp unit )
II

Distribution fuse-board
Fluorescent light ( single ) 1 -’ a
without switches, lighting

Fluorescent light ( double ) t I


Distribution fuse-board with
switches, lighting

0
Lighting outlet connection to
an emergency system
Distribution fuse-board
without switches, power
Choke (when installed remote
from the lamp unit)
Distribution fuse-board with
switches, power One-way switch /
Main switches, lighting Two-way switch V

Intermediate switch
Main switches, power v

Pendant switch /P
Meter

Single light pendant Pull switch


f

FIG. 9 SYMBOLSFOR ELECTRICALINSTALLATIONS- Cod

11
IS 962 : 1989

NAME NAME SYMBOL

Bell push @I
Socket-outlet, 2 pin 5 amp

Bell _R
Socket-outlet, 3 pin 5 amp

Buzzer H.
Socket-outlet and switch
combined, 2 pin 5 amp
Indicator ( at ‘N’, insert lol
Socket-outlet and switch number of ways )
combined, 3 pin 5 amp

Socket-outlet, 2 pin 15 amp Telephone instrument point


public service

Socket-outlet, 3 pin 15 amp

Socket-outlet and switch


combined, 2 pin 15 amp
Telephone instrument point
internal
A
Socket-outlet and switch
combined, 3 pin 15 amp
Telephone cable distribution
board public service

Convection heater

Electric unit heater

Immersion heater

Thermostat
Telephone cable distribution
board internal
iA
Immersion heater with Telephone private exchange
incorporated thermostat public service

Self-contained electric water


heater
Telephone private exchange
Humidistat or internal

FIG. 9 SYMBOLS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS- Conld

12
IS 912 : 1989

NAME NAME SYMBOL

*Relay ( at ‘N’, insert the Aerial


number of ways )

Ceiling fan
Synchronous clock outlet

Impulse clock outlet Bracket fan

Master clock Exhaust fan

Fire alarm push


Fan regulator

Automatic contact
Cooker control unit
Ball connected to fire alarm

Fire alarm indicator (at ‘N’, Earth point T


insert number of ways ) 4
Surge diverter t

Amplifier
Pilot or corridor lamp
+b
Indicator ( buzzer may be
Control board added, if required ) IEI
Relay
-
lz!l
Microphone outlet

Reset position
-e
Loudspeaker outlet
Horn or hooter
03
Receiver outlet Siren

. ..
*This general symbol is applicable to any system
by the addition of an identifying symbol ( appropriate
to a particular system ) in the upper half, for example,
bell system relay.
Where items of ogerations are combined, the
;y$& may be combmed, for example, indicator

FIG. 9 SYMBOLS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

13
IS 962 : 1989

SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


NAME

One-way cock, full way,


One-way cock, bench type bench type

Two-way cock, full way,


bench type
Two-way cock, bench type

One-way cock, full way,


wall type

o-
I
Three-way cock, bench type

Four-way cock, bench type


I Two-way cock, full way,
wall type cc
z--

0
Front control,
bench type
lead only,
00
One-way cock, wall type,
side inlet D=- Front control
bench type
for cock,
Eb
Two-way cock, wall type,
side inlet Ledge cock

FIG. 10 SYMBOLSFOR GAS FITTINGS

SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


NAME

Bath Shower tray

LJ
Bidet

FIG. 11
u 0

Wash basin

SYMBOLSFOR SANITARY INSTALLATIONS-

14
Contd
//
0
I!3 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

0
I
Corner lavatory basin Cleaner’s sink

1
7-
Trough lavatory, wall type
Laundry sink

Ll
WC
Trough lavatory, island type

lml
TL

V
0

Circular washing fountain

0 0
Urinal bowl

r
Urinal stalls
0
Single sink, left hand
drainer
Industrial
washing
trough

Double sink, left hand

0
drainer

Pedestal drinking fountain

DF

Single sink, with


t~;ie drain
Drinking fountaio, wall typd

0
Double sink with
double drain Fl'
board Floor trap

FIG. 11 SYMBOLSFOR SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

15
Is 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

Hot or cold water drain off I+


Hot water cylinder
0
HWC
Heating feed and expansion
cl
Drain cock
-T DC
tank

Hose tack
F 6 EXP T

t f

Stop valve or sluice valve -a- Hose bib


-7

Fire extinguisher
Mixing valve, hand control -T-
FE

-a--
+
+ Fire cock
Mixing valve, thermostatic

Safety valve
+
IlItc
Change of pipe size Fire cock

Water meter --IOk


WM
Fire hydrant 1
Sprinkler SP
0
t
Horizontal calorifier with
tubular heat exchanger
I<
Pump a-

I’
Vacuum pump
Horizontal calorifier with I
---I
1
annular heat exchanger L-B-.

Gully
cl
0
G
Vertical calorifier with tubular
heat exchanger
Grease trap
cl
GT
Vertical calorifier with annular
heat exchanger
0 I
I-\

‘,’
I
Rain water heed
I RWH

Hot water tank El


HWT
Rodding eye
0 RE
FIG. 12 FITMBNT SYMBOLS- Contd

16
IS 962 : l9g9

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

Manhole or inspection Stair UP


I
chamber
MH OR IC

Cold water cistern Cooker


cwc
MH No
Intercepting trap and freeh
air inlet
Refrigerator
cl I?

Wash boiler, ‘G’ gas, ‘E’ electric


cl
WBG
Vent inlet
Washing machine, wringe type
Vent outlet

Rain-water outlet
Washing machine, automatic
clAW

Radiator 1
R
1 Centrifugal dryer
I 0

Unit heater
7 Cabinet dryer
Iol\ /
\ 0
L,
L’
Convector Rack dryer "1

Surface panel, wall type


00 w-4 1

Laundry tray, single


Surface panel, ceiling type

Laundry tray, double


Embedded panel in cast-in
ceiling cl
Embedded panel in suspended
!---y Ironing machine
ceiling L .-. -J

Embedded panel in cast-in floor


r-----y
i
L _____
;
J
Built-in ironing board
c---. ____I

_a_ ,r’
\

Unit heater
CE Surfacing ironing board :
P__--
Towel rail
TE? Bed
uzl
FIG. 12 FITMENT SYMBOLS

17
I!3 962 : 1989

11.7 The following types of lines, as appropriate, iit) The initial letters of the words: rise, drop,
shall be used to distinguish between different from above, from below, to above, to below,
types of drains and pipes: are used to denote the route of vertical
pipes, thus:
a) A line consisting of medium length, dashes,
for soil or combined drains: Upward Flow

I) Through flow to space above TA


b) A dotted chain line, for surface water drain: ii) Through flow from space below FB
iii) Both directions combining (i) and (ii) R
-.-.- __._. _.-.-.-
Downward Flow
NOTE - Lines to indicate drainage systems are
frequently drawn on the reverse side of the relevant i) Through flow to space below TB
drawing.
ii) Through flow from space above FA
c) A large chain line, for pipes at high level or iii) Both directions combining (i) and (ii) D
in roof space:
11.7.1 A vertical pipe on plan is shown by a dot
-.-.-._.V._.__ in conjunction with one or the other of the abbre-
viations given in 11.7 (g). If the pipe is housed
in a chase in the wall, the dot is shown inside the
d) l~veull line, for pipes at skirting or floor wall, surrounded by a rectangle with one face flush
with the wall and the note ‘1N CHASE’ is added.
If the pipe is encased, the dot and the rectangle
are shown outside the thickness of the wall and
4 An interrupted dotted line, for pipes under the note ‘ENCASED’ is added.
floors. Two lines used in the same fashion
shall denote ventilating ducts, the distance 11.7.2 Identification letters shall be used to denote
apart denoting the width: the services thus:
.. . . .. . .,
air, A; drainage, D; electricity, E; fire service,
F; gas, G; oil, 0; refrigeration, R; steam, S;
f 1 The direction of flow of fluid in a pipe shall water, W.
be indicated by means of an arrow head
thus: 11.8 Symbols for rolled steel sections are given
Rise and direction of in IS 10720: 1983.
flow Rise: 1 in 50
Fall and direction of II.9 Conventional signs for land survey plans are
flow Fall: 1 in 50 given in Fig. 13.

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


Village as surveyed: Wells fitting and other compo-

OCI
nents for supply water and
a) Open drainage system in the

‘1
ground - General Symbol

b) Walled Rain water well ( street inlet )

Deserted site x Inspection well ( cleaning well )


a) manhole
b) cleaning well
FIG. 13 SYMBOLS FOR LAND SURVEYING - Contd
I!3%2:1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

Draining welt
Swamp or marsh with cultiva-
tion

Manhole and protection pipe


Reeds in perennial water
I

6
Well for drainage of pressure
conduits
Culvert

Well with de-aeration device

x Lake or tank, as surveyed:


With defined limit of
perennial water

Lake or tank, as surveyed:

Flushing post
4- With fluctuating limit of
perennial water

Lake or tank, as surveyed:


General well

Jr With embankment under 3 m

Lake or tank, as surveyed: _


G\s
Spring +
With embankment 3 m or
Conduit, ditch and pipe - over
General symbol
Lake or tank, as surveyed:
Method A:
All kinds of conduits and With very steep embankment
W
pipes ( continuous line in
combination with designa- Excavated tank, as surveyed:
tion code ) Perennial cl
Method B:
Excavated tank, as surveyed:
( Symbolic line, indication
of the nature of fluids ) Non-perennial

a
Proposed conduit and pipe -
General symbol ( Methods Excavated tank, as surveyed:
A and B ) Perennial with high embank-
Continuous thick line ( Type ment
A of IS0 128 )
Existing conduit and pipe - Tank, conventional:
General svmbol ( Methods Perennial
A and B j
Continuous thin line ( Type B Tank, conventional:
of IS0 128 ) 1“on-perennial
Pressure sewage pipe
( Arrow is the symbol )
FIG. 13 SYMBOLSFOR LAND SURVEYING - Conhi

19
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


Railway, broad gauge
Water reservoir
ml double-line:
i) Open, with sidings,
distance stone and
station with enclosure
Water pumping station
0
0 ( as surveyed )
ii) Under construction --

Water treatment plant


cl 0
Railway, broad gauge
single-line:
i) Open, with sidings, and -+

0cl
station and enclosure
Waste water reservoir ( conventional )

Waste water pumping station


cl
0
ii) Under construction

Railway, other gauges


double-line:
Waste water treatment plant i) Open with sidings

Quarry, with greatest depth ii) Under construction

Railway, other gauges


Single line stream: single-line:
Perennial i) Open with sidings

Single line stream: ii) Under construction


Approltimate or undefined

0.‘. . . . . . . Mineral line or tramway


Telegraph line

Telephone . . . . ..a...
1ELE.“Q”E LlYE Level crossing
Electric power line:
Main transmission line l S. . . . . . . . . . .

with substation YllY ?OWER LIWfa

i) conventional on all
Road over railway
scales
ii) local distribution line
( conventional)

Road ( or railway ) under


Ropeway with terminus “OWW.”
. . . . . . . . . .
tIoYI*Y,
. . .
railway

Railway tunnel, with or


Wireless station: ““““:
:Y.lTS
without cutting, as
surveyed
a...*..+
i) As surveyed :....
. . . . . ..*.
:
),,), oy
*I”tlls,

ii) Conventional .IIIt,o, l,.lloM Tunnel ( different


purposes, proposed
uliII1[

FIG. 13 SYMBOLS FOR LAND SURVEYING - Contd

20
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

EXlSilNG Other roads:


Tunnel, existing 9 Metalled, also di stance
rnII0 stone, bridge and Irish =-i%t
bridge or causeway,
and avenue of trees
Tunnel, future ii) Unmetalled ------,A
--a----,z

Cart-track with bridge


Ditch, permanently open U
-

Pack-track with bridge, __*_++


Bridge carrying railway culvert __*__j+-_
Bridge carrying:
Pack-track with pass and a----
X ---
height --_-__x ----_
Foot-path with bridge,
i) Railway over road culvert :
In symbol of tracks the
heavier symbols should be . . *. ..#+ . ..gq .
used in afforested or con- . . . . .LI_ . . . .w . .. . .
toured areas or where
emphasis is required in
open areas. Symbols
ii) Road over railway ( the may be still heavier if
-*...../G
descriptive wording should required to give emphasis
be omrtted only where in afforested or contoured
there is no room ) areas
Bridge of boats or pontoon
bridge (explanatory words
to be typed against the
Bridge carrying road and symbol)
broad gauge railway:
Ferry or ford
Roads of 1st importance:
i) Metalled, and important
bridge with piers over Track or path coincident
river ( the normal dis- with bed of stream:
tance between the piers i) For short distance
should be 3 mm on scale
of drawing, varying
slightly to permit an ii) For long distance
;~;~;l) spacing between

Track or path following


ii) Unmetalled -__-e-w---
____-_---_
boundary:
i) Short distance
A-_=@--
TRACti FOLLOWS BOUNOARV
Roads of 2nd importance:
ii) Long distance
Metalled

FIG. 13 SYMBOLSFOR LAND SURVEYING- Contd

21
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

Roads in dry river-bed: State boundaries:


-.-.-.-.-.-.-
i) Demarcated
i) With steep river banks
--x-x-x--T-
ii) Undemarcated

ii) With shelving river ---_-----


banks District boundaries

Sub-division, township, taluk,


tahsil,. zamindari or similar . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . ..
partition
Unmetalled road along OR WHENSPACE PERMITS

tank bund Pargana boundary in Uttar --..--..--..


Pradesh

Road or railway embank- Reserved or protected forest


( green riband will appear . . . . .
ment: :
along the external boundaries
I.

i) 2 m to 3 m high bbbbbbs.
.
.

ii) 3 m high or over and - and along those between .


forests of different owner- *. ., . . .
steep, with sharp edge
at top
0 ii)
ships )
Road or railway cutting: Village boundaries:
i) 2 m to 3 m deep . In symbols for boundaries
ii) 3 m deep or ‘more boundary pillars should be
and steep, with sharp drawn first, fitting in the
edge at top boundary symbol afterwards, **-**-**-**- **-
Protective embankment: even if the length of bars does
i) 2 m to 3 m high not agree
ii) 3 m high or over and
steep, with sharp Boundaries along:
edge at top
3 One side of road, track or -._._.-
Embankments, cuttings path
and bridges:
9 With-narrow gauge UJln
railway ( ‘sleepers’ *+-&H ii) Centre of road, track or
omitted ): - Dath ( when it is the
Along single-line iecogni‘sed boundary )
ii) With narrow gauge
railway ( ‘sleepers’
omitted ): iii) One side of river
Along double-line
( Note-Single line’
or ‘Double line’, may
be typed along the iv) Centre of river
line, if necessary )
International boundaries: -.-.-.a.-._,_
i) Without pillars

ii) With main and sub- v) Bed of river as surveyed


sidiary pillars --‘-B-s- .-.-.

FIG. 13 SYMBOLS FOR LAND SURVEYING- Conrd

22
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL


Trees:
Wooded area:
i) Scattered
i) Not enclosed
ii) Surveyed
QVQ
ii) Enclosed by wall or . ;,: - .. ;.,:;
permanent fence Scattered scrub and under- :. -.’ ‘A. 0.,
growth . : .“....-.- : :

Limits of cultivation, open


Grass:
.and along stream of ravine
,w. had a* a*
High with description of
.... ... .. height and variety
.. &
Demarcated limits of : CIYP i
& & Y?&
camping ground Cane-brake & &

-. . . . . . . . . . . . Pine, fir, etc


tn.:..:..:..:
Salt pan :..:..:..:..:
:..: ..:..:. .:
5bLT PII4

Palm
Orchard or garden:
. . . . .. .
:e P 0 9 q Q’i’df
i) Not enclosed :Q QQ Q QPQQ;
:QqQQQQOQ: ? Q
iQ.o.9.9.9.9.Q.Q: Palmyra
Q ? 9
ii) Enclosed by a wall or
permanent fence
Bamboo

.,.,.,.*
. . . .‘/y.;-.‘y.:
~.‘.‘.‘//:‘.‘.,. . /: . .:
Tea garden, as surveyed \ . . ,.... .’ Aloes or cactus
?.p,.

:/,/.. .- ?*. f
. ..p
.I;?. .
\ .‘. : , .

Other trees

Betel or vine on trellis

Plantain trees

Vegetable garden
Stone waste

FIG. 13 SYMBOLS FOR LANDSURVEYING -C'conrd

23
IS 962 : 1989

NAME SYMBOL NAME SYMBOL

Tangent point
+ Mosque
k!
Grave yard

Temple
ti
Church
h
FIG. 13 SYMBOLS FOR LAND SURVEYING

12 ABBREVIATIONS Table 6 ( Contd )

12.1 Abbreviations are generally used in drawing Term Abbreviation


and/or Symbol
for the sake of clarity. A systematic notation of
urchitectural and building terms is necessary for c
aniformity, and for avoiding confusion and Cast iron ci or CI
ambiguity. Abbreviations are the same in the Cast steel cs
singular and plural. Abbreviations and symbols Cement ct
recommended for use in general building drawings Cement concrete cc
are listed in Table 6. Centi ( 10” ) C
Centimetre
12.2 The word ‘ditto’ or its equivalent abbrevia- Centre line i? c
tions shall not be used on drawings. Centre of gravity Cd
Centre to centre C TO C. c/c
Table 6 .Recommended Abbreviations with Chain CH
Symbols Where Applicable Checked CHKD
Circular pitch CP
(Clause 11.1 ) Circumference @cc. CIRC
Coefficient COEFF
Term Abbreviation
and/or Symbol Column COL
Concentrate CONC, cone
A Concrete CONC
Aggregate AGO Continued Contd
Air-brick AB Copper cu
Alternating current ac Corrugated CORR
Aluminium Al Cosecant cosec
Ampere amp or AMP CC;;110 cos
Approximate A PPROX Cotangent cot
Arrange ARNG Countersunk CTR/SNK, csk
Asbestos ASB Crossing X-ING
Asbestos cement ASB/CME Cross over X-OVER
Asphalt ASPH Cross-section cs
Assembly ASSY Cubic centimetre cm’, ( cc )
Al @3,AT Cubic metre cu/m, ms
Cubic metre per second ( cumec ) ma/s
B Cubic millimetre mms culmm
Cycles per second CPS
Beam ( I Section ) I
Cylinder or cylindrical CYL
Bench mark BM
Bi tumcn BIT D
Brickwork BWK Damp proof course DPC
Brine11hardness number BHN, HE Decimetre dm

24
IS 962 : 1989
Table 6 ( Cuntd) Table 6 ( Contd )
Term Abbreviatlon Term Abbreviation
and/or Symbol and/or Symbol
Degree ( angle ) deco High flood level, ordinary OHFL
Degree Celsius “C High flood level, maximum MAX HFL
Diameter DI4, I$ High tensile steel HT/ST
Diametral pitch DP High tensile welding steel HTWS
Dilute DIL High tension HT
Direct current dc High voltage Hv
Drawing DRG High water mark HWM
Drawn _’ DRN Hour h

E I
Earth closet EC India rubber IR
Elevation ( View ) ELEV Induced draught I/D
Elevation EL infinity inf, OD
Embankment EMB Inside diameter ID
Enamelled ENAM Inspection chamber ICH, IC
Expanded metal XPM Insulated or insulation INSUL
Extension EXTN Intercepting trap IT
Extra-high voltage EHV Internal INT
Engine ENG
Internal combustion IC
F Intermediate pressure IP
Figure FIG
K
Finished floor level FFL
Floor trap FT kilo k
Flushing cistern FC Kilocycles per second kc/s
Forced draught Fd Kilogram kg
Forged steel F/ST Kilogram per cubic metre kg/m’
Formation level FL Kilogram per square centimetre kg/cm?
Fresh air inlet FAI Kilo hertz KHs
Full supply level FSL Kilolitre KI
Full tank level FTL Kilometre km
G Kilometre per hour km/h
Kilovolt kV
Galvanized GALV Kilovolt-ampere kVA
Galvanized iron GI kW
Kilowatt
Glazed Ware pipe GWP
Gram 8 L
Grate area GR/A
Larger than >
Greese trap GRT
Larger than or equal to 2, a
Ground level GL
Latitude LAT
Ground sink GS
Left hand LH
Gully G
Length 1
Gully trap GT
Gunmetal G/MET Level crossing LC
Litre I
H Logarithm ( common ) loi3
Hard drawn H/DWN Logarithm ( natural ) log.
Hardened and tempered H&T Longitudinal scale LS
Heating surface HS LongitutS1na‘L sectton Y&c
Height HT Low frequency Lf
Hertz Hz Low pressure LP
Hexagon or hexagonal HEX Low tension LT
Hexagonalhead HEX/HD Low voltage LV
Hioh flood level HFL Lumen per watt Im/W

25
IS W2 : 1989

“.^._ .,-.. .., . ,_.._-_. ,.., __.


Term Abbreviation $ernt’.’ ’ Abbre%&on
and/or Symbol and/or Symbol
i’
M Precast ‘PRECAST
Macadam MAC Prefabrication PREFAB
Malleable-cast iron MCI Prestressed concrete PCONC
Malleable iron MI
Q
‘Manganese steel MnS
Manhole MH Quintal 9
Maximum MAX
R
Maximum flood level MFL
Maximum water level MWL Radian rad
Mean sea level MSL Radius RAD
Mega ( 10’ ) M Railways RLY
Megawatt MW Rainwater outlet RWO
Metre m Rainwater pipe RWP
Mezzanine MEZZ Reduced level RL
Micro ( 10-S ) P Reference REF
Micro ampere Reinforced cement concrete RCC
VA
Micro metrc (. or micron ) Revolutions per minute rev/min, rpm
Mild steel G Revolutions per set RPS
Milli (IO-*) m Right hand RH
Milliampere mA Rising main RM
Milligram mg
Rivet RIV
Millilitre ml Road level Rd L
Millimetre Rodding eye -.RE ”
Minimum l% Rolled section RS
Minute ( time ) min Rolled steel j6ist or I section RSJ or I
Much larger than Round RD- ’
*
Round head RH
Much smaller than <

N S

Naval brass ’ N Br Saturated SATD


Nickel chromium steel Ni Cr S Screwed SCR
Nickel steel NiS/T Secant set
North N Second S

Not to scale NTS Sheet ( when preceding a material SH


or sheet No. )
Number No. Shower bath SB
0 Sine sin
Sink SN
Ohm OHM, 0 Sketch SK
Oil circuit breaker OCB Sluice valve sv
Smaller than <
P
Smaller than or equal to <, s
Paper insulated PI Soil and vent pipe S&VP
Parts per million ppm Soil pipe SP
Pattern number PATT No. South S
Per PER, I Specification SPEC
Percent PERCENT, % Specific gravity sp-gr
Phase Ph Spigot and socket s&s,
Phosphor bronze PH BRZ Spot faced SF,
Pitch P Square SQ
Pitch circle PC Square centimetre crna
Pitch circle diameter PCD Square kilotnetre J&r@ ‘,
Plate. PL Square metre ns
Platinum PLAT Square millimctre mms

26
IS962 : 1989

‘Discretion should naturally be used in adopting


Term Abbreviation the. spacing .of hatching lines to the scale.af the
._“. ,. __^ ..” ad/of Sjmbol
: dcawing.
Standard std 13.2.1.1kis recommendcd.that. when hatching -0%;
I.,. . ^_”
Sianhar&d;i& ’ ‘?3D tracing paper or cloth, a sheet of squared paper
Standard level SL I_ : shall be placed underneath to preserve uniformity ’
Standard wire gauge SWG .i
.’ of spacing and direction of the hatching.
Stand pipe -. SP
Stop valve I. sv 13.3 When indicating concrete, coarse aggregate ’
Street gully SG:. ‘slid1
be shown for mass concrete and finer aggre-
Survey of India bench mark BM ’ . ,I gate for reinforced concrete.
Switch SW
13.4 Where large areas of section hatching are to 1
T ‘I,be indicated,
and especially for such materials as :
. concrete and plaster, it is recommended that a
Tangent tan portion near the edge only be treated, the hatching ;
Tee T gradually fading towards the centPe. -
Telegraph post Tp., ”
Temperature temp’ 13.5 Areas in section which are too thin for line
Tongued and grooved T&G sectioning, such as some of the metal sections,
t shall. be blackened in solid, leaving a thin space
Tonne
TCD j;
- between adjacent portions.
__
Traced
Trigonometrical station
14 NUMBERING OF BUILDINGS AND PARTS
Turns per centimetre
OF BUILDINGS
Turns per metre L)
14.1 Designation Systems
v
Vacuum V”C ‘. - -” The *&sigtiatitins for different parts of a project
Vapour density vd should be chosen according to the same principles.’
Vapour pressure VP
VP All drawings and parts of drawings should be:
Vect pipe
V
executed in such a way that the drawing alone is
Volt
sufficient to describe the item without the addition
Volume vol
of words or initials.
Vulcanized India rubber VIR
Ho&&e;, ‘$%en a drawing depicts a number o$
W
similar items ( for example, a plan of a building:
I
Waste and vent pipe W&VP with -‘manj windows ), . ant may, if nec&sary,
Waste pipe WP idetiiify them separately ( for example, by a
Water closet WC sequence of numbers ). This also applies in the.
Watt W, WATT case where similar items, such as, windows, can be
Weight wt confused with other elements of similar appearance
West’ ” _ w such as doors. For this identification the principles
White metal WM outlined in this standard should be adhered to.
Wrought iron WI
14.2 Type Designations
Y
YG
Different objects are classified according to the
Yard gully
type, for example the kind or design of the object
Year yr (see Fig. 14 ).

13 CONVENTIONAL REPRESENTATION OF
MATERIALS IN SECTION

13.1 Recommended methods of indicating


materials by hatching or colouring are given in
Table 2. Where any confusion is likely to occur
in the interpretation of drawings, hatching or
colouring shall be used. FIG. 14 EXAMPLES OF TYPE DESIGNATION

27
IS 962 : 1989

Table 7 Symbols for Materials in Section


( Clause 13.1 )

Material Symbol Colour


I

I Brick Vermilion

I
Concrete

I
Natural or reconstructed Cobalt blue
stone

I
Partition blocks Paynes grey

I
I I I

I
I
Wood

1
Burnt sienna

I
Sepia

I I I

I
I
Hardcore _ Yellow ochre or chrome
yellow
I

I
Plaster and plaster products Green

I i
I- I 1 -.-.- I
Glass Applicable to Blue
large scales
only
Fibre building board and Sepia
insulation board

/H J- / B’ack 1
Metal sections

14.3 Individual Designation 14.4 Designation Code


Each separate object is identified. The individual The complete designation consists of a principal
designation is often an indication of position ( see and an additional designation.
Fig. 15 ).
14.4.1 Principal Designation
The principal designation indicates the category of
objects at different levels in the documentation. It
m 1 m m should consist of:
a) text in full, for example, HOUSE, ROOM,
WINDOW, DOOR, FENCE, CUT-OFF
w 4. q q VALVES;
FIG. 15 EXAMPLES OF INDIVIDIIAL b) k&eviation, for example, H, R, W, D, F,
DESIGNATION ,

28
IS 962 : 1989

cl other systematical designation, for example: 14.5.2 Storeys


doors: 1, windows: 2, partsi 3, etc.
A storey means a space between two consecutive
Playground equipment: A, outdoor furni- levels, bounded by physical limits ( floors, ceiling
ture: B, other equipment: C, etc. and walls ), including these limits. The concepts
of ‘storey’ and ‘level’ are complementary but the
d) designation according to a general classi-
one should not be confused with the other.
fication and coding system.
The principal designation may be omitted when Each storey should be designated by numerals
the rest of the documentation shows the intention. following a logical sequence. The numbering from
bottom to top starts with 1 at the lowest levei
144.2 Additional Designation usable for any purpose ( see Fig. 18 ).
Additional designations indicate a further speci- Zero designates the space which is situated
fication in the category. They should consist of: immediately below the lowest level usable for any
a) for type designations, numerals and letters, purpose.
for example ‘W 12 b’, where ‘W’ is the
principal designation for window, 12 is the The numbering applies not only to the usable space .
additional designation for type, material, of a given storey but also to the physical limits
dimensions, etc, and ‘b’ is the additional bounding this space.
designation for variant, for example, notch
for a window sill; and To express the transition from one number to
another, it is recommended that the level is
b) for individual designations, numerals or indicated at the upper face level of the load-
letters in running order, for example, PI, P2, bearing floor element ( see Fig. 19 ),
P3, etc, where ‘P’ is the principal desig-
nation for pillar, and 1, 2, 3, etc, each pillar
individually designated. The individual ITOREV
designation may also consist of coordinates. 6

14.5 Desigpation Application

14.5.1 Buildings
Buildings belonging to the same project are indi-
cated with a principal and an additional designa-
tion, for example, HOUSE 1, HOUSE 2, etc ( see
Fig. 16 1.
The designation for a part of a building consists
of a principal designation completed with a
systematical letter or numeric designation, for
example HOUSE 2 PART A, HOUSE 2 PART B,
etc ( see Fig. 17 ).

r 1 I 1 FIG. 18 NUMBERING OF STOREYS

LLJ 2 1-i
3
1 I TOREY2
( The principal designation HOUSE has been
omitted f
FIG. 16 DESIGNATION OF BUILDINGS

, >
A B c 1
HOUSE 2

FIG. 17 DESIGNATIONOF PARTS ok A BUILDING FIG. 19 INDICATION OF THE LEVEL

29
IS 962 : 1989

When there are differences in level inside a build- 14,$.5,.1 The d+ggatjon of,, the floor of the
ing, for example, mezzanine, offset levels, I$nding$; Mezzanine or galfify shal!,;,%:: t,$e s,a,me as the
ramps,,. et?, every necess.&ry indicatiop should be storey it serCes:
given~ .in order to av$i’ err&s. Th&e iridications I. j’,. _ ‘/.
should be in thi: f&in of levels or listed aEibr$vi,$- 14.5.5.2 If a numb& of mezzanine ~&curs in a
tions and placed beside the, numbering of the building between two floor levels, ihey may be
storey concerned. deSigndttd “as &fx-I, ‘%!!-%‘~2
.&he& ~ref&s’~d the
designation of th& st&ey’ in which’ they are
Staircases should have the same numbering as the situated and 1, refers to,the Sequential num&cr..of.
storey in which, they are situaied, whether or not mezzanine in thg: particy+ group, the scqw;nce
they @abe half,iandipgs.
.. ;; being adopted in any easily Identifiable pattern.
j.’ ,: ‘ ,, . ‘ :
14.5.3 Parts of Storejs
14.5.5.3 1f.a number of galleries occurs in a building
The designation for a part of a storey when the between tCo flbor j+l,:they eay’be, de,si$t’ed
documentation is dibided into several. drawings as Gx.1. GX-2 &here X iefers to’ tKe desigtidtion
consists of the designation of the storey completed of the. storey in which they are isituated and 1
by a systematic all letter or numeric designation, refers to the sequentiat number of galleryin the
for example’ STOREY 3 PART A, ‘STOREY 3 particular group,, the sequence bking adopted in
PART B, etc ( see Fig. 20 ). any easily identifiable patter?, : _.
; :_.
14.5.4 Floors 14&6 For determination &the sequential number
The floors’( floor structures ) are numbered serialiy of a subsidiary storey, the : first. subsidiary. storey
from the bottom to t’he tbb of the bhilding, in shall be taken as the storey immediately below the
accordance with the number of the stotey of which first f@oor: The d&sig@atiSti.sf th<‘bubsidiary storey
they form a part ( see Fig. 21 ). shall bare prefjj, ‘SS. ^ The designation of’the floor
f& subsidiary storey shall be’” the I . save1;. is the
14‘5.5 The designation of fhe intermediate storey storejl it Serves. :I’:_.. ,L
or mezzanine sh811be the same as thd designatioo :,
of the storey’ in .which it is situated with the 14.5.7 For ;he determination of the sequential
prefix M or G accordirig t&the typ& ‘whether it is number of basement s$or.eys; vhere,th@re .are n,@!
a mezzanine or a gallery respectively; subsidiary storeys, the storeys below the first fl oar,
shall be assigned suffixes Bl, B2, B&‘an& sb;oni
starting with the storey imTediat$y, below,, th,e
first floor l&e].’ ’ ‘: :’ : ._ ,,-““”
;I , I’ I_ “, : .< i

14.5.7.1 Where there are subsidiary’ &ore$ iii. tz-;


byilding, the storeys below the last sutisidiary
FIG. 20 DESIGNATIONOF PARTS OF STOREY storey shall ..be designated. similarly as. basement
sJoreysras exptained,in M.5.7b ‘.! ‘: ,
/_’

14.517;s iht?&~jgna’tic&‘of &ef$oor of a&&&


storey shall be the same as the stoEey$t se%vves;) ,:jsI

14.6 Cc!umns, Floors, WWts; Beams, etc - - -’ i


/
Columns, -dabs, walls, beams, etc, are designated
with a principal designation i ( abbretiati&I”)~aiii
an additional; designation ( qumerals ) according
to’ ,Fig; 22; The first nmeral in the additional
desigriationi. indicafl$ the .stofey number and the
last two digits the number of the feature accofding
to the folldwing examplei i I

CoIumns .rL_._F-_To,, c- 2G2 ~..- /

Slabs := s 201: s 262 ;


‘,wails ._~..= _ _-.--- -. .-- -.-..--..
w201, w ao?,:$_.:’
FIG. 21, F$oo& NUMBERI~ .: Beams
\! - +B201,B202
,j” I f.<: 1,. I
IS 962 : :1989. ;

&:1.:7 grndn soaces, such as spaces for cleaning


utensils and toilets, should be provided with room
numbers. ( Spaces, such as small cupboards, may
alternatively be all-ted the ,number of the room ,
in which they are situated followed by an appro-
priate suffix. )

15.1.8 if a new room is added so late in the


design process that the room numbering is already
allocated this new room is given the same room
number as the room- from which the space has
,been taken. The two rooms are differentiated by j
the addition of a letter, as follows:

- 127A 127B ’

I FIG. 22 EXAMPI,ESOF DESIGNATION FOR 15.1.9 There should be no gaps left in the room
COLUMNS, FLOORS, WALLS AND BEAMS numbering sequence. If two rooms are made into ;
one, the new room is given both.ihe earlier room
numbers, as folfbws:
15 DESIGNATfON OF ROOMS AND OTHER,. ,
AREAS i 127,128
151. Designation .Prlnsiples, . 15J.10 Block. number and room -number. may,be -
written together, as follows:
15.1.1 Room numbers are used on each storey in
consecutive order within the limits of all the parts 23’216[ = block 2, room 216 (No. 16 on
of the building. storey 2 )]
15.1.2 If several buildings are included in the 15.1.11 Spaces in basements and attics should be
project, room numbers shall be allocated indepen- given their appropriate storey numbers in accor-
dently to each building in accordance with 15.1.1. dance with 15 followed by their room numbers.
15.1.3 The numbers and the names of the rooms
15.2 Designation of Separate Suites of Rooms
are indicated within each space in the following Within Buildings
way:
--324 RECEPTlON
325 RECORDS 15.2.1 The number of the suite should be followed
by the number of the room.
For clarity, the numbers and names should be
15.2.2 Suite numbers should be indicated on the
underlined.
plans.
15.1.4 In small spaces, it is sufficient to indicate
only the room numbers, as follows: 15.2.3 Rooms within each suite should be given
326 consecutive numbers. The numbers and the names
of each room are indicated in the following way:
15.1.5 Room numbers are given as three digit 1. - ENTRANCE 2. LIVING ROOM
numbers ( if this is enough ), the first digit of
which is the storey number of the building and the 3. __--_-
KITCHEN 4. BEDROOM 1
last two digits are serial numbers, allocated to each 5. BEDROOM 2
room in the actual storey:

Storey 1 : Room numbers 101-199 ( 1 001-l 999); 15.2.4 Block number, suite number and room
number may be written together, as follows:
Storey 2 : Room numbers 201-299 ( 2 001-2 999 );
etc 2/314/l [ = block 2, suite 314 ( No. 14 on
storey 3 ) room 1 ]
15.1.6 Room numbering is carried out in each
storey so that orientation in the building is
facilitated. It should be done clockwise in the 16 COLOURING THE PLAN
order in which the rooms are reached from the
main entrance or the last entrance from the left 16.1 Master plans, zone plans, etc, may be
end of the building. coloured as specified in Table 8.

31
IS 962 : 1989

Table 8 Colonring the Plan

( Cluuse 16.1 )

Item Site Plan Building Plan


-_
Dye-Line Print Blue Print Dye-line Print Blue Print

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

/ Existing work Black ( outline ) White Black White


Proposed work Red filled in Red Red Red
Drainaee Red dotted Red dotted Red dotted Red dotted
’ 1 sewage work and
Water supply works Black dotted Black dotted Black dotted Black dotted
z I Work proposed to be Yellow hatched Yellow hatched Yellow hatched Yellow
1 dismantled hatched
Open spaces No colour No colour - -
! Plot lines Thick, black Thick, black - -
8 Permissible building Thick, dotted black Thick, dotted -
lines black
Existing street(s) Green Green - -
1; ~Future street(s) If Green, dotted Green dotted - -
any
/

32
Standard Mark

The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau cf Indian
Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. The Standard Mark on
products covered by an IndianStandard conveys the assurance that they have been produced
to comply with the requirements of that standard under a well defined system of inspection,
testing and quality control which is devised and supervised by BIS and operated by the pro-
ducer. Standard marked products are also continuously checked by BIS for conformity to
that standard as a further safeguard. Details of conditions under which a l\icence for the use
of the Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from
the Bureau of Indian Stand:rrds.
Barmu of Iudiam Staadrrdr

BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian SJcrndardrAct, 1986 to
promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality
certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country.

Copyright

BIS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced
in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use,
in the course of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type
or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director
( Publications ), BIS.

Revldon of Indian Standards

Indian Standards are reviewed periodically and revised, when necessary and amendments, if
any, are issued from time to time. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in
possession of the latest amendments or edition. Comments on this Indian Standard may be
sent to BIS giving the following reference:

Amend No. Date of Issue Text Affected

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS

Headquarters:
Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110002
Telephones : 331 01 31: 331 13 75 Telegrams : Manaksanstha
( Common to all Ofices )

Regional Of&es : Telephone


Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg 331 01 31
NEW DELHI 110002 331 13 75
Eastern : l/l4 C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road, Maniktola 37 84 99, 37 85 61
CALCUTTA 700054 37 86 26, 37 86 62
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53 23 84
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235 15 19, 235 23 15
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