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Basics of Server

A weekly Article from SWC - Engineering

Tech Innerve

30/5/2018

Volume 05

I N S ID E

T H IS

I SS UE

1. The Difference between PCs and Servers

2. Server Form Factor

3. Server Types

4. Server configuration parameters

5. Few Terminologies

Server is the heart of any Smart City project responsible for all the processing of applications/analytics.”

The Difference between PCs and Servers

In many ways server hardware really isn’t all that different from desktop PC hardware. Both use the same basic components such

as memory, CPUs, and power supplies. But the individual

components tend to be more advanced than the components that are found in desktop computers. Servers may also make use of redundant and / or hot swappable components. Occasionally PCs might have redundant or even hot swappable components, but such features are much more common on servers.

Server Form Factor

The term form factor describes the physical dimensions and standards used by various system components and by the computer as a whole. There are several different form factors used for network servers, but the three most common form factors are tower server\s, rack servers and blade servers.

Tower Servers

Tower servers look a lot like PCs. Each tower server is a standalone machine that is built into an upright case. Tower servers are used mostly in smaller datacenters. Larger datacenters typically avoid the use of tower servers because of the amount of physical space that they consume and because they tend to be noisy. Another disadvantage to using tower servers is that the cabling can get messy. Server racks and blade server chassis usually have features that are designed to manage cables, but tower servers have no such features.

are designed to manage cables, but tower servers have no such features. Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal

Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal Use

Basics of Server

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Rack Servers

As the name implies, rack servers are servers that are mounted within a rack. The rack is of a uniform width and servers are mounted to the rack using screws. Each rack can accommodate multiple servers and the servers

are typically stacked on top of each other. Because racks are designed to accommodate standard sized components, many hardware vendors offer rack mountable networking components other than servers. Rack mount

components follow a form factor that is referred to as a rack unit. A

standard rack mount server is referred to as a 1U server meaning that it is

1 rack unit in size. A 2U server consumes two rack units of space within the rack. Some vendors also offer 4U and ½U servers. The larger form

factors are usually used when the server needs to be able to accommodate

a large amount of storage.

Blade Servers

Facebook massive arctic server farm was built on the edge of the Arctic Circle in Northern Sweden. This server farm is able to let go of air conditioning for cooling and instead just use fresh Arctic air.

Like rack servers, blade servers also adhere to a standard size and mount inside a special “rack”. In the case of a blade server however, the rack is known as a chassis. Blade servers tend to be vendor proprietary. You can’t for example insert a Dell blade server into an HP chassis. The reason why blade server design is proprietary

is because unlike a rack server, which is fully self-contained, blade servers lack some of the components that

they need to function. For example, blade servers do not have power supplies. The blade server chassis is designed to accept various modular components, including the blade servers themselves. For example, a chassis might contain a power supply unit, a cooling unit, and a blade server. The actual chassis design varies from one vendor to the next, but most blade server chassis are designed to accommodate multiple power supplies, multiple blade servers, and a variety of other components (such as network adapters, storage modules, and cooling modules). With the exception of the cooling components, individual blade servers are mapped to the individual modules or components.

blade servers are mapped to the individual modules or components. Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal Use

Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal Use

Basics of Server

Server Hardware Configuration

System Board

Processor (Clock speed, Core Count, Cache size)

Memory

Storage or hard drive system (internal Storage, RAID)

Network Controller

Power Supply

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An important distinction between memory and storage is that the former clears when the computer is turned off. On the other hand, storage remains intact no matter how many times you shut off your computer.

no matter how many times you shut off your computer. ” Clock speed - This is

Clock speed - This is how the processor operates, usually measured in GHz. Buying a high frequency processor improves current system performance but also helps ensure server is able to handle future demand.

Core Count - The number of physical processors within the processor itself. Multiple cores enable better multitasking on servers that will run multiple applications. For example, virus scans may run on one core while data backup is handled by another core.

Cache size - Each processor has built-in high speed memory located directly on and close to the central processing unit (CPU). Larger cache size reduces the frequency that the CPU needs to retrieve data from the system memory that sits outside of the CPU.

Memory- When you open a file or document, your server needs a place to temporarily keep track of that file. It uses high-speed specialized chips called random-access-memory, or RAM. The actual file is saved to your hard drive once you ‘save’ the file. RAM is designed for fast access and quickly remembers where the file is stored in your permanent hard drive system.

Server Hardware Configuration

System Board

Processor (Clock speed, Core Count, Cache size)

Memory

Storage or hard drive system (internal Storage, RAID)

Network Controller

Power Supply

Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal Use

Basics of server

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SWC Experience in Servers

Our project involves many applications to be exceuted in order to get the processed information. So wide range of servers like rack, balde, tower servers are used. Video Management application, IoT applications,

all requires compute devices to be used as a platform to do the analytics/compute. If a single

location/data center requires more applications to run then we go for balde server mounted in a chassis. If

only one or two applications then rack server is deployed at that location.

EMS, NMS etc

then rack server is deployed at that location. EMS, NMS etc N a g p u

Nagpur Smart City

EMS, NMS etc N a g p u r S m a r t C i

Sensitivity: L&T Construction Internal Use

Hyderabad City Surveillance

N a g p u r S m a r t C i t y Sensitivity: