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• # 3. Making probability assignments to the events such as to satisfy the axioms

## Example 3.1-2: An experiment consists of observing the sum of the numbers showing up when two dice are thrown. Develop a model for this experiment.  ## Continued  # is proven using Figure 3.0-2 n

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## The “apriori probabilities are given as ## Conditional probabilities describing the effect of channel are given as  ## Find P(A 1) and P(A 2) the total probabilities of receiving a 1 and 0. Also find the “aposteriori probabilites” P(B 1|A 1), P(B 1|A 2), P(B 2|A 1) and P(B 2|A 2) . ### Figure 3.1-3 Binary symmetric communication system Diagrammatical model.  # combined space, and probabilities # Example 3.1-4: (Pulse Code Modulation) PCM Repeater Error Probability

## In PCM, regenerative repeaters are used to detect pulses corrupted by noise and retransmit new, clean pulses.
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