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Writing music requires some technical skills. Composition is the art or process of creating a new piece of
music. This piece of music can range from a short, simple jingle, to a very long opera. People who write music
are called composers. Composers use compositional techniques to create their music.

Some of the skills that composers find useful in their work include the following:
• Essential music theory
• Writing musical notation including the use of music-notation software
• Instrumentation
• Trained air
• Improvisation
• Other technologies for sound production
LUCIO SAN PEDRO (1913-2002)
o The 1991 National Artist of the Philippines for Music
o Lucio San Pedrowas born on February11, 1913 in Angono, Rizal.
o He was a master composer, conductor, and a teacher.
o His father Elpidio San Pedro
o He also taught at the UP College of Music where he acted as the chairman of the Department of
Composition and Conducting for three years
o San Pedro is known as a “romantic nationalist.”
o His chords have a rich expressive tonality, as represented in his well-loved Sa Ugoy ng Duyan, a
lullaby melody sung by his mother.
For Orchestra: For Band:
• Violin Concerto in D minor; 1948 • Lahing Kayumanggi, 1961
• Malakas at Maganda Overture • Dance of the Fairies
• Hope and Ambition • Triumphal March
• Prelude and Fugue in D minor • Angonian March
• The Devil’s Bridge
For Choir: For Voice:
Easter Cantata • Sa Ugoy ng Duyan (lyrics from Levi Celerio),
Sa Mahal Kong Bayan 1943
Rizal’s Valecdictory • Lulay
• In the Silence of the Night
• First place, National Heroes Day Competition, 1936
• First place, President Laurel March, 1943
• Special Award, National Composition
• Republic Cultural Heritage Award, 1962
• Professor Emeritus from UP College of Music, 1979
• Tanglaw ng Lahi Award from Ateneo de Manila University, 1981
• Signum Merit Medal from De La Salle University, 1982
• Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award, 1984
• First Place, Second National Eucharistic Congress of the Philippines Hymn Contest, 1987
• Asean award for Music, 1990
• National Artist of the Philippines for Music, 1991
Rodolfo S. Cornejo
- a composer, pianist and conductor, was born on the 15th of May, 1909, Singalong in Manila.
- His parents are Miguel Cornejo, Sr. and Crisanta Soldevilla.
- He died in Manila on August 11, 1991.
- became the organist of the Pasay Catholic Church
- first composition “Glissando Waltz”
- military march “ Salute”
- he entered the UP Conservatory of Music.
Background in Education:
-1950 he received his teacher’s Diploma in Pianoforte and another Techer’s Diploma in Science and
-Bachelor of Music in Piano from Chicago Musical College in the United States in 1932
-Master of Music degree major in composition.
-Finished his Doctor of Philosophy in Composition at the Neotarian College in Kansas City in 1947.
For Choir: For Orchestra:
- A La Juventud Filipina, 1934 - The Allies, 1943
- Mass in F minor, 1936 - Oriental fantasy, 1944
- The Miracles of Christ, 1947 - Ruby, 1964
For voice and Piano: For theater:
- Three Songs, 1939 -Together, 1937
- Beneath This heart of Clay, 1959 - Ibong Adarna, 1970
- Bailes de Ayer, 1974
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic
photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film
 It should be eye-catching
 It’s not always about the subject
 It should be composed purposely
 Know how the eyes will move in the image
 Learn how colors react to maintain the viewers’ interest
 Add a punchline, a detail that would make people react after they have viewed the photograph
 Lightning

Types of Photography
1. Fine arts Photography
-is a type of photography created in accordance with the vision of the artist as photographer.
- Fine art photography stands in contrast to representational photography, such as photojournalism,
which provides a documentary visual account of specific subjects and events, literally re-presenting
objective reality rather than the subjective intent of the photographer; and commercial photography,
the primary focus of which is to advertise products or services.

2. Portrait Photography
-also“portraiture” in photography is a photograph of a person or group of people that captures the
personality of the subject by using effective lighting, backdrops, and poses

3. Scientific Photography
-is a record of Scientific or medical data or events using photography.
-Scientific photographers explore hidden aspects of the world around us, they take pictures of varied
subject matter, using such techniques as aerial, close-up and high-speed photography.

4. News Photography
-also known as “Photojournalism.”
-is a particular form of journalism that employs images in order to tell a news story
-these images are needed for newspapers, magazines, or journals.

5. Glamour Photography
-photos designed to sell products such as clothing, locations, food, jewelry and other things that can
improve your appearance.

-Is a Recreational activity which is a form of pastime entertainment.

-categorized and described by its choreography, by its repertoire of movements, or by its historical
period or place of origin.

Different Types of Dance:

Folk Dance Ballroom
Jazz Tap
Contemporary Hip Hop
Lyrical Pop

-Founded in 1970’s at South Bronx in New York City.

-broad category of styles such as breaking, locking, and popping which became popular in the 1970’s that was
performed by the dance crews in the United States.
Tips in Hip-Hop Dancing
1. Choose an Upbeat Music
2. Make sure to wear comfortable shoes
3. Feel relax before stepping on the dance floor
4. Move the hips
5. Master the movements
6. Watch dance videos from the television
7. Take some dance lessons
Precautionary measures in Dancing
1. Do warm-up exercises at the start of the activity and cool down at the end.
2. Wear appropriate footwear and clothing
3. Dance in a smooth and dry area to avoid being slipped.
4. Provide first aid kit in the dance room for safety measures.
What is Street Dancing?
- Also known as “festival dances” vary from place to place.
- The style used depends on the birth or origin of the dance.


-Is celebrated in Kalibo, Aklan in the month of January.
-It means “to be like Atis.”
-Celebrated in Cebu on the 3rd weekend of January.
-Known for its chat “Pit Senior”
-Resembles the current (Sulog) of what was known as Cebu’s Pahina River.
-held in the 4th Sunday of October
-Festival dance from Bacolod which represents the love for fun and cheerfulness of the Bacolodeños.
-Is a famous festival in Bulacan which is a three-day celebration every month of MAY.
-Our Lady of Salambao
-is known for “kiping.”
-held at Lucban, Quezon every 15th of May.

Millennium Development Goals

1. Eradicate extreme Poverty and Hunger

2. Achieve Universal Primary Education
3. Reduce Child Mortality
4. Improve Maternal Health
5. Gender Equality
6. Combat HIV/AIDS and other Diseases
7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability
8. A Global Partnership for Development



-The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with
international public health. It was established on 22 July 1946 headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
-promotes FCTC (Framework Convention on Tobacco Control).
-”Healthy Planet, Healthy People.”
-is an international coalition of partners. It includes national governments, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful use of Alcohol

The ten areas for national action
1. leadership, awareness and commitment;
2. health services' response;
3. community action;
4. drink-driving policies and countermeasures;
5. availability of alcohol;
6. marketing of alcoholic beverages;
7. pricing policies;
8. reducing the negative consequences of drinking and alcohol intoxication;
9. reducing the public health impact of illicit alcohol and informally produced alcohol;
10. monitoring and surveillance.