Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1

1. Food Fish – Tilapia 2.

Food Fish – Carp 2 -


Common Name(s): Common Name(s): praC nommo
Nile Tilapia, St Peter’s fish Common Carp
Species: Oreochromis Niloticus Species: Cyprinus carpio oiprac s

Tilapia are by far the most popular species in aquaponics. It is a hardy fish; tolerant to Carp are ideal for home food production. They are omnivorous and will eat a huge range
fluctuating water conditions and crowding, and resistant to disease. Tilapia are also of foods including worms and vegetable scraps.llThey
iw dare
naalso
suvery
orohardy
vinmfish
o etolerating
ra yehT .noitcudorp doof em
omnivorous and can be grown very quickly to harvest size with little or no animal protein yehperiods
very low oxygen levels and will survive cold winter T .spifayou
rcsdecide
elbanot
tegtoevheat
dna smrow gnidulcni sdo
in the diet. your system. evivrus lliw dna slevel negyxo wol yrev gnitarelot h
.metsys ruoy taeh ot ton ediced uoy
History: Oreochromis niloticus is the most popular species of tilapia for culture. Endemic History: Carp have long been popular as a food fish. They have been reared for over
to Africa and originally farmed in Egypt over 4000 years ago, tilapia is now cultured in 2000 years in China and were a luxury food for the Romans who kept them in large
revo rof deraer neeb evah yehT .hsfi doof a sa ralupop nee
over 100 countries and is 2nd only to carp in terms of global aquaculture production. purpose built storage ponds. Domestication of carp was spread across Europe by
No longer the ‘poor mans fish’ consumer popularity is increasing worldwide and there is
e gral ni meht tpek ohw snamoR eht rof doof yruxul a erew
Christian monks who kept the fish in ponds for food, selecting the largest fish for
now a large market in the US, South East Asia and Europe. Tilapia is a popular choice both yb epselection,
breeding and subsequently carrying out artificial oruE ssalbeit
orcaunintentionally.
daerps saw prac fo noitacitsemoD .sd
for subsistence and commercial farmers due to its amazing capacity for domestication Common Carp have now been introduced to roalmost
f hsfi every
tsegrpart
al eofhthe
t gworld
nitceleand
s ,itdisoof rof sdnop ni hsfi eht t
and tolerance of culture conditions. This has led to it being termed the ‘aquatic chicken’ a currently the third most cultured finfish species globally.
.yllanoitnetninu tiebla ,noitceles laicfiitra tuo gniyrrac yltn
domesticated source of affordable protein that may be the most important aquaculture
si ti dna dlrow eht fo trap yreve tsomla ot decudortni neeb
species of the 21st century. Physiology: Long and flat body with large scales. Thick, projecting lips. Two pairs of
barbels at the angle of mouth and shorter ones on the upper lip. Colour varies from
.yllabolg seiceps hsfinfi deru
Physiology: Body compressed and round, species is characterised by regular vertical golden yellow, silver to brownish-green depending
fo sriaponow the
T minerals
.spil gninitcthe
ejowater
rp ,kand
cihTthe.selacs egral htiw ydob t
stripes on the caudal fin. Greyish or black-green colouring with 6-9 indistinct vertical bars. level of penetrating sunshine. Males are smaller than females, carp can grow to a
Whitish belly.
morf seirav ruoloC .pil reppu eht no seno retrohs dna htu
maximum length of 1.2m and maximum weight of over 40kg.
eht dna retaw eht ni slarenim eht no gnidneped neerg-hsinw
Diet: Tilapia are omnivorous and, in the wild they feed mainly on phytoplankton, algae a oanything,
Diet: Carp are omnivorous and will eat almost t worg saying
nac this
practhey,shave
elamaestrong
f naht rellams era selaM .eni
and aquatic plants. Complete pelleted diets, specifically tailored to tilapia, are available preference for consuming invertebrate food such as water insects, insect larvae, worms,
.gk04 revo fo thgiew mumixam dn
that are lower in fat than salmonid diets and contain less fish meal and oil in favour of mollluscs and zooplankton. Carp will also eat the stalks, leaves and seeds of aquatic
plant based proteins. These diets can be supplemented with plant off-cuts as well as and terrestrial plants, and decaying vegetation.gnorts a evah yeht siht gniyas ,gnihtyna tsomla tae lliw dna
worms, soldier fly larvae, and other invertebrates. ,smrow ,eavral tcesni ,stcesni retaw sa hcus doof etarbetrev
Growth Rate: The daily growth rate of carp can be
citabetween
uqa fo 2s-d4%
eesof dbody
na sweight.
evael ,sklats eht tae osla lliw praC
Growth Rate: Tilapia can reach a harvest size of 500g after 6 months rearing within the Carp can reach 600g – 1kg in 12 months in a heated system. They can survive lower .noitategev gniyace
optimal temperature range. Males grow faster and more uniform in size than females, winter temperatures but will take 2-3 times longer to reach harvest size.
thus all male cultures are preferable, and all male fingerlings are available from all .thgiew ydob fo %4 - 2 neewteb eb nac prac fo etar htw
major suppliers.
rewol evivrus nac yehT .metsys detaeh a ni shtnom 21 ni
.ezis tsevrah hcaer ot regnol semit 3-2 ekat
Nile Tilapia: 24-32°C Common Carp: 23-30°C
℃ 03-32 :praC nommoC
D.O. pH Un-Ionised Nitrite Nitrate Hardness Alkalinity CO2 Salinity Chloride D.O. pH Un-Ionised Nitrite Nitrate Hardness Alkalinity CO2 Salinity Chloride
mg/l Units Amonia mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l mg/l ppt mg/l mg/l Units Amonia mg/l mg/l ymg/l
tinilaS edirolhC 2OC ytinilaklA ppt
mg/l mg/l mg/l ssendraH mg/l etartiN etirti

3-10 6-8 0-0.04 0-0.4 <50 50-350 50-250 0-30 0-5000 0-5 1-10 6.5-9 0-0.04 0-0.2 t
<50 p p l /
50-350 g m l / g
50-250 m l /
0-30 g m 0-3000 l / g m 0-5 l/gm l/g
5-0 0003-0 03-0 052-05 053-05 05< 2.0-

15 FishPlant Family Unit – User Guide FishPlant Family Unit – User Guide ℃13-4 :hcreP naeporuE16
ytinilaS edirolhC 2OC ytinilaklA ssendraH etartiN etirti