Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

# Name: _________________________________________ Date: _________________ Pd: _____

Section 3-4

percentile –

## Formula to find Percentile:

(𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑠 ≤ 𝑋)
𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒 =
𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑠

𝑛∙𝑝
𝑖=
100

## Example: Finding the Percentile of a Value in a Data Set

A teacher gives a 50-point test to 10 students. The scores are shown below. Find the percentile
rank of 36.
18, 36, 45, 40, 30, 38, 48, 27, 39, 25
Step 1: Arrange the data in order from lowest to highest.

## Step 2: Substitute in the formula.

(𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑠 ≤ 𝑋)
𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒 =
𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑛𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑠

## Step 3: Calculate the percentile.

Example: Finding the Value the Corresponds to a Percentile (when i is a
decimal)
Using the data from the previous example, find the value corresponding to the 25th percentile.
Step 1: Arrange the data in order from lowest to highest.

## Step 2: Substitute in the formula

𝑛∙𝑝
𝑖=
100

Step 3: If i is not a whole number, round it up to the next whole number. (If i is a whole
number, see the next example.) Start at the lowest value and count over to the ith value. This is
the value that corresponds to the 25th percentile.

## Example: Finding the Value the Corresponds to a Percentile (when i is a

decimal)
Using the data from the previous example, find the value that corresponds to the 60th percentile.
Step 1: Arrange the data in order from smallest to largest.

## Step 2: Substitute in the formula

𝑛∙𝑝
𝑖=
100

Step 3: If i is a whole number, use the value halfway between the i and the i + 1 value when
counting up from the lowest value.
quartile –

## 25% 25% 25% 25%

Note: To find Q1, simply calculate the 25th percentile of the data. To find Q3, simply calculate
the 75th percentile of the data. To find Q2, find the median of the data.

## Example: Finding Quartiles

Find Q1, Q2, and Q3 for the data set 10, 2, 9, 15, 23, 30, 8, 17, 25, 28

## Step 2: Find the median (Q2).

Step 3: Find the 25th percentile (Q1) and the 75th percentile (Q3) using the formula
𝑛∙𝑝
𝑖=
100

Decile –

Note: Deciles are denoted by D1, D2, D3, …, D9 and the correspond to P10, P20, P30, …, P90.
Deciles can be found using the formulas given for percentiles.