4 vues

Titre original : MEMB 333 Final Report

Transféré par Fikri Azim

- Internship Report
- Corporate Brochure Us
- SKF Industrial Gearbox 2
- VT2814B_Eng_01_953722.pdf
- Geared Motor selection chart
- ME321-ShaftDesignProject
- Mixer Direct Catalog
- SEW Eurodrive Industrial Gear Units
- ME-433 Class note 3
- G1043_US_2010
- HC Series 2008
- ARMADO DE SUPER 10.pdf
- 231304100 Procesos de Soldadura Fcaw Gmaw Saw Smaw
- Brochure Imp
- Md Project (Recovered)
- FAG-Gearboxes Need Rolling Bearings
- TE B Gearbox design Oral Questions
- epex
- 317778_STTGP - Group 2 Part 2
- Dezasamblare Cutie Viteze Lada Niva

Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 51

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

GROUP PROJECT

Section : 04A/B

TABLE OF CONTENT

NO CONTENT PAGE

1.0 Abstract

2.0 Objective

3.0 Introduction

3.1 Design Specification

4.0 Methodology

5.0 Design

5.1 Spur Gears

5.2 Shafts

5.3 Bearings

5.4 Keyways

5.5 Housing

6.0 Results

7.0 Discussion

7.1 Spur Gears

7.2 Shafts

7.3 Bearings

7.4 Housing

8.0 Appendices

1.0 Abstract

An air compressor gearbox is used to convert power produced by a single cylinder, two stroke

engine to potential energy stores in a pressurized air. The objective of this project is to design a

suitable gearbox for the air compressor. The gearbox designed consists of a housing, one gear set

consisting of a pinion and gear, 2 shafts, 2 keys and 4 bearings with a proper lubrication plan for

each component. In order to design the gearbox, some assumptions are made to select the best

dimensions and material for each component. Other factors such as weight, size, cost,

manufacturability and ease of assembly are also considered in the process of designing. After

numerous calculations and iterations, the safest and cost efficient design that meets the required

safety factors and constraints are selected as our final design for the air compressor gearbox.

2.0 Objective

The main purpose of this design project is to understand and have hands on experience in designing

a gearbox. The design should consist of spur gears, contact bearings, shafts, keys and housing. A

number of assumptions were made to ensure the gearbox mechanism is functional and

reproducible.

In addition, the aim of this group project is to enable us to apply relevant theories and knowledge

we learned in lectures. This will help to improve our understanding on calculating the stresses,

safety factor, and dimensions of any component designed. Besides that, the objective of this project

is also to have hands on experience in computer aided design by using engineering software such

as CREO Parametric in simulating the designing of the gearbox and performing complex

mathematical calculations using excel sheets.

3.0 Introduction

Nowadays, gearbox plays a vital role in this fast-changing world especially in motor-

equipped machinery of the industrial environment. There are many of kinds of gearbox available

in the market for selection, for just about any daily engineering problem applications. It is widely

used in the automotive industry, building constructions, power generation as well as shipping.

However, in this project, we only focus on gearboxes of a portable air compressor due time

constraints and the fact that the gearbox is the most crucial part of the air compressor design.

First and foremost, the gearbox, also known as a gear reducer or gear shifter, is a mechanism

of assembled gears that transmits energy from a high-speed motor or engine to rotate another

mechanical component of an output device. It increases the output torque while reducing the

rotational speed from input source. Even though most gearboxes are designed for speed reduction,

some may be created for speed increasing duties.

In order to discover how it actually works, we should figure out what is under the hood.

Basic components of a gearbox consist of gears, shafts, bearings, keys and housings. Gears and

shafts are arranged and fixed in a certain order so that inputs will be converted into desired outputs

flawlessly and not forgetting containment and safety functions, the casings are made to enclose

this assembly besides giving structural support. Moreover, since bearings are self-lubricated, all

shafts in the gearbox are equipped with roller bearings to smoothen its rotational movement during

the process. On the other hand, lubrication is also an essential part for lifespan elongation of

gearbox.

After research and discussion done on types of gearbox, we have finally chosen the Spur

Gearbox as the primary choice of gearbox and as our project title effectively. It is designed to meet

today’s demand in the medium duty sector. It possesses a very high efficiency at all ratios and is

ideal for very high power transmission system which involves more than 50kW. Spur gearbox is

widely applicable in industries such as steel, mining and mineral extractions, cement as well as

power plants. Hence, it can be utilized with conveyors, bucket elevators, coal pulverizing mills,

cooling towers and many more.

The gear box of the air compressor consists of a set of pinion and gear with a certain gear

ratio. In the gearbox, there will be a larger diameter driving pinion in the gearbox that drives the

smaller diameter output gear. This converts the fast rotating speed and low torque power of the

rotor into a low rotating speed and high torque power. Thus the rotating speed of the input shaft

can be stepped down to a lower output speed as per requirement to run the compressor. The

gearbox of the air compressor does not “change gears” because it only has a single gear ratio. Spur

gear permits for various angles between the wheels. The axes of the wheels must cross each other

in a point. Moreover, for smoother meshing between gear wheels, the teeth are cut at certain angles.

Another part of the gearbox is the transmission shafts. Shafts are used to transmit torque

from the rotors of the wind turbine to the gearbox and to the generator. To make sure the shafts do

not fail under loading, a suitable material that has a high ultimate strength and fatigue strength is

chosen. Keys are used to connect a rotating element such as gears to the shaft and prevent slipping

thus enabling torque transmission. A suitable key is also needed to hold the gears in place so that

the gearbox can work.

Lastly, we will also design a suitable housing to contain all the components of the gearbox

so that it is well protected. A lubrication scheme is also thought out so that all the bearings and

gears are well oiled and lubricated so that the gearbox can run smoothly. When the gears are well

lubricated, the gear teeth will have reduced friction and thus reduced wear and tear of the gears.

Gear efficiency affects costs of equipment, maintenance costs and operating costs for both

gear reducer and motor significantly. Thus, the arrangement of the gearbox’s parts and its

subcomponents such as lubricants play important roles in minimizing energy losses and

maximizing the power transmission. With this, the system is capable to achieve great savings,

especially in drive component costs and energy costs.

Before the process of power transmission, the shaft of the engine or motor must be

delivered into the gearbox first. The torque and speed supplied will go through a series of internal

gearing in gearbox after switching on the motor. This is done so that the torque and rotational

speed can be modified into suitable requirements specifically for its application. For this process

of gear reduction to be occurred accurately, set ratios involving the characteristic values of the

input source and the output device are determined through calculations, which will be discussed

later.

3.1 Design Specifications

The general technical aspects of the portable air compressor are provided in the project outline,

with the following main points:

Power = 2.5 HP

With the above given speed ratios, the mating ration of the gears can be easily obtained. The

complete steps are shown in the excel file attached where all calculations were done.

In general, the engine is mounted on a base with its output shaft connected via a clutch to the input

shaft of a gearbox. The gear box contains a single gear set to reduce the high engine speed to a

lower one for the compressor. The required gear ratio is 1500:3800. The output shaft from the gear

box is connected via a coupling to the crankshaft of the compressor. The shaft in gear box housing

are carried in four suitable bearings, as represented by the calculations in the excel file.

In our calculations, a number of assumptions were made. For example, the material selections and

sizing of the gears were chosen after a number of trials and iterations on the excel file. In order to

protect the gearbox from accidental overload, a weakest link design is incorporated during the

design process. The key is selected to be the weakest link of the system with a safety factor of 5

as it is the cheapest part and easily replaceable. Moreover, the turbine gearbox is expected to last

for 10 years in continuous operation. Lastly, sound engineering effort and cost analysis is also

done during the process of designing the gearbox.

Figure 2.0: Spur Gearing

4.0 Methodology

From the information extracted from the problem statement, the gear is the first component to

be designed. This is because the gearbox is designed for the specific spur gear’s speed and torque.

Once the gear design is finalized, the shaft is the next component to be designed. The shaft

diameters that are limited to the gear diameters are then selected accordingly to get the right safety

factor.

In order to ensure all the components of the gearbox fit nicely into the housing, we have first

determined the housing size. We have chosen the size of the housing keeping in mind the need of

having a compact yet practical size of the overall compressor. By doing this, we have constrained

all sizes of the gears and shaft in line with the housing and by choosing an appropriate clearance

to ensure the components do not touch the housing as this would damage the components and

cause operational failure which we want to avoid at all costs.

Having the main components designed, the key is then designed to allow attachment of the

gear to the shaft. Keyways and slots are added to the gear and shaft and the effect of the keyways

on the shaft is the check to ensure the shaft does not fail. The design of the gearbox is then followed

by selecting the most suitable bearing for the shaft to be connected to the housing.

Lastly, the housing of the gearbox is then designed to house the system of gears and shafts.

Proper lubricant and lubrication method is then selected to ensure the gearbox to have a long

lifespan. Sound engineering effort is used throughout the process to reduce overall weight and

manufacturing cost of the gearbox.

In the process of designing each component, the trial and error method is implemented with

the help of a powerful Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The factors affecting the safety factor such as

face width and diametric pitch of gears, shaft diameter, and key length are varied until a

satisfactory safety factor is obtained. Necessary assumptions are also made during the process to

simplify the design process without compromising on its quality.

Computer aided design (CAD) is also used to in the design process. The software CREO

Parametric is used to draw the components in 3D. The gearbox is then assembled part by part to

get a good visualization of the gearbox designed. Simulation is also done using the software to

check the stress concentration of each component.

Formulas and equations used in the analysis process are stated clearly in the appendices.

These formulas are retrieved from the Machine Design textbook by Shigley unless stated

otherwise. Catalogues and brochures are referred to for the designing of bearings that as bearings

safety factor is unique to each manufacturer and no standard equations are available.

5.0 DESIGN

With the help of CREO Parametric software, the design of the gearbox is drawn in 3D in order

to visualize the gearbox designed. The gearbox design consists of 2 spur gears (one pinion and

one gear), 2 shafts, 2 keys, 4 bearings and a housing.

5.1 Spur gear

The pinion is designed to have 15 teeth with a face width of 62 mm. The diameter of the

pinion is 75.00 mm. The multiview drawing of the pinion is shown below with all dimensions in

mm. The material chosen is Grade 1 Steel Steel Flame Hardened with 54HRC from table 14-6 of

the reference textbook.

Figure 8: 3D View of Gear

The gear is designed to have 38 teeth with a face width of 62.00 mm. The diameter of the

pinion is 190.00 mm. The multiview drawing of the gear is shown below with all dimensions in

mm.

5.2 Shafts

Figure 10: 3D View of Output Shaft (Top) and Input Shaft (Bottom)

The cylindrical shaft designed are similar in shape and material for both input and output

shafts. The Input shafts has a diameter of 20mm mm and a stepped shaft diameter of 15mm. The

input shaft is further stepped to 10mm in order to attach the bearing with a diameter of 10mm. The

multiview below shows the dimensions in mm for both shafts.

5.3 Bearing

The bearing designed is a radial ball bearing which is attached to a flanged mount in order

to attach the bearing to the housing. The radial ball bearing has a bore diameter of 10 mm and an

outer diameter of mm. The following is a multiview drawing of the ball bearing designed.

In order to constrain the bearings to the housing, end caps are added at the end of the shafts to lock

the bearings in place. One end of the cap is designed to fix the bearing in place by having an extra

intrusion inside the cap. The other end of the cap is designed to be the free end of the bearing

whereby the inner diameter of the bearing is fixed on the shaft using a snap ring

5.4 Key

Figure 12: 3D View of Key for Pinion and Gear and Assembled Pinion on Shaft

The parallel key designed is similar in size, shape and material for both pinion and gear.

The key has a dimensions are 2mm x 2mm x 1mm for width, height and depth respectively. Half

of the key height will be fitted in the shaft and the other half in the spur gear. The Multiview for

the key is shown below with dimensions in mm.

5.5 Housing

The housing for the gearbox consists of 2 parts, namely the top half and the bottom half. Flanges

are added to the housing to allow attach the top and bottom parts effectively. The top housing is

designed to fit the gears and shafts in the most compact size hence the curved top.

The length of the housing is 1360 mm which fits the gears and also allow some spacing at both

ends of the assembly. The width of the housing is 240mm including flange. The total height of the

housing is 300 mm which fits the gear and adequate spacing from the walls are ensured.

The multiview for the housing are shown on the next page. All dimensions shown are in mm.

6.0Results

DESIGN REALISED

Input Shaft Fatigue Safety Factor 6 8.19

Output Shaft Fatigue Safety Factor 5 3.52

Gear Bending Fatigue Safety Factor 5 29.62

Key Safety Factor 5 5

Table 1: Factor of Safety of Design and Realised for Gearbox

The spur gears are designed to be made of steel that is flame or induction hardened. The

gear teeth are of involute shape with a 20 degree pressure angle and the number of gear teeth

of pinion and gear are 15 and 38 respectively. The diametric pitch and face width of both pinion

and gear are designed to be 62 mm. Therefore, the pinion diameter is 75mm mm while the gear

diameter is 190mm. ISO VG 68 oil is chose as the gear lubricant.

The shafts attached to the pinion and gear are identical in shape and material. It is designed

so that Cold Drawn carbon steel 1020 is used to for the shafts. After considering the effect of

keyways, the Input shaft diameter is set to be 20mm and have a length of 240mm. The shaft is

stepped to facilitate the attachment of gears and the shoulder diameter is designed to be 15mm

with a notch radius of 5 mm.

A rectangular parallel key is used to attach the gear to the shaft. As the key is supposed

to be the weakest link of the system, aluminum casting alloy 43 is used as it has a lower

strength. The key is designed to be 2 mm in width, 2 mm in height and 1 mm in depth. Using

this size, the safety factor of the key is the lowest hence it will fail first when the system is

overloaded.

7.0 Discussion

7.1 Spur Gear

The turbine machine gearbox is designed to transmit a power of 2.5HP from a single

cylinder, two stroke engine is coupled through a clutch to a gear set to reduce the engine speed and

boost its torque appropriately by using two spur gears, namely the pinion and gear. The input shaft

is connected to the pinion with a rotational speed of 3800 rpm while the output shaft is connected

to the gear with a rotational speed of 1500 rpm. From the rotational speeds of the shafts it is clearly

seen that a reducing effect has been applied to reduce the engine speed in the gearbox.

The gear ratio is first determined by using the velocity ratio of the input and output shaft

and is found to be 0.395. In this design project, we have decided to use a pinion with 15 teeth and

hence the gear will have 38 teeth.

The following assumptions are made in the process of designing the gears:

1. The gears are assumed to be full depth involute teeth with a pressure angle of 20o that is under

HPSTC loading. This pressure angle is selected to reduce the undercutting effect as the gear

teeth are big and involute shape is selected as it is the most common and best gear teeth shape.

HPSTC loading is selected as the manufacturing tolerances are small thus load sharing

between teeth is assumed.

2. Both pinion and gear are made of steel that have been flame hardened. This material is selected

as it has the most suitable bending and surface fatigue strength which are comparatively high.

3. The spur gears are light with the pinion and gear weighing approximately 0.06 kg and 0.66 kg

respectively (2). Since the gear weight is low, it does not require rim and spokes to further

reduce it weight thus Kb = 1.0. Stocks are readily available at a reasonable pricing of less than

RM120 (2).

4. The quality of the spur gears are assumed to be 7 as it is hobbed and uses shaving and grinding

as its finishing process. A high quality gear is needed to ensure power is transmitted without

much loss and increase the efficiency of the turbine.

5. The portable air compressor is made of a uniform driving machine which is under moderate

shock as the machine fluctuates and vibrates and is very stable. Therefore the application

factor, Ka is determined to be 1.00

6. The temperature of the gearbox is assumed to be less than 90 oC as oil and lubricants are used

to reduce friction and heat generated.

7. The life cycle of the gearbox is required to be 10 years. Therefore, it is assumed that the turbine

operates on an 6 hour per day basis 365 days a year. Therefore, the life cycle of the pinion and

Pinion 2.76x10-4 2.00 3 6

𝜋

𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝐺𝑒𝑎𝑟 = 𝑥 𝑚2 𝑥 𝑧 2 𝑥 𝐵

4

Where m=module

Z=no of teeth

B=Gear width

7.2 Shafts

The gearbox consists of two cylindrical shafts, namely the input shaft with the pinion

attached and the output shaft with gear attached. Although hollow shafts are stronger, solid shafts

are selected as it is cheaper and compact in size. In this gearbox design, the input and output shafts

are designed to be similar in size and shape. Since the load applied on the shaft is similar for both

shafts, the shafts will have the same safety factor thus calculations are only done once.

Both input and output shafts are made of the same material which is cold rolled carbon

steel 1020. Although carbon steel 1020 is not the strongest steel, it is selected as the shaft material

as it is inexpensive and the strength is good enough to support the gearbox. This material is selected

is also due to its low density of 7870 kg/m3 thus reducing the weight of the shaft.

Heat treatment is usually done on shaft materials to increase the strength of the shaft.

However, in the case of carbon steel 1020, heat treatment is too costly and the increase in strength

is not significant enough. However, case hardening and carburizing can be done to increase the

material strength at a lower cost. Hot rolling of the material can help to relieve the internal stresses

thus making the shafts stronger.

The following assumptions are made in the process of designing the shaft.

1. The force applied on the shaft due to torque is a fully reversed bending. This is because the

shaft is precisely designed so as to not be deformed initially and hence no stress is present in

the shafts initially. Therefore, there the mean stress and mean shear stress are zero.

2. It is assumed that the gears are fitted exactly in the middle of the shaft. This is to ensure that

the maximum bending moment due to the torque will be the smallest possible value as the

loads are equally supported on both sides of the shafts.

3. The shaft is assumed to be a stepped shaft in order to allow the gears to be fixed in place. In

order to reduce the concentration factor, a shoulder fillet is introduced at the connection joint.

The notch radius is assumed to be 5mm for the input shaft and 3.5mm for the output shaft.

4. The shaft shoulder is lathed to the desired diameter accurately by a lathe machine. This is

because by lathing, the surface finish of the shaft would be very smooth and the accuracy of

a lathe machine is very high.

5. The keyway milled on the stepped shoulder of the shaft is a double ended end-milled keyway

with radius of 3 mm. The round corners of the end milled keyway will reduce stress

concentration of the shaft and prevent it from failing easily. A milling machine is used to mill

the keyway into place as it is accurate and have a good finishing surface.

6. The temperature of the shaft is assumed to be lower than 90oC as the shaft is not in constant

friction with any part of the gearbox thus producing less heat.

Graph of Shear vs Distance for X-Z Plane

80

60

40

Shear Force, V in N

20

0

0 50 100 150 200 250 300

-20

-40

-60

-80

Distance , x in mm

Graph 3: Graph of Moment vs Distance for X-Z Plane

Graph 5: Graph of Moment Total vs Distance

Input Shaft 5.774x10-5 0.454 3 1.35

Where the volumes of different sections of the shafts are added together in order to determine total

volumes as different sections of the shaft has different volume. The price is estimated using the price of

one tonne of AISI 1020 CD at the current market price of RM 2700 per tonne

7.3 Bearing

A radial ball bearing is selected from any existing manufacturing company in the market

to constrain the shaft fully to the housing. The ball bearing consists of an inner ring which is free

to rotate with the shaft and also an outer ring that is grounded and fixed to the housing of the

gearbox. The space between these rings are filled with steel balls to minimize the friction generated

when the shaft rotates.

After much calculations, we decided to use the bearings with Bore 10mm from table 11-2

as both the C10 values calculated for the input shaft and output shaft are lower than 5.07 kN thus

using the 10mm bore bearing is most practical as it the smallest option available and can be easily

sourced.

In our design, the input shaft designed have a diameter of 20mm and the output shaft is to

have a diameter of 17mm. However, the shafts are lathed to a diameter of 15mm and 13.5mm

respectively, before the ends of both the shafts are then stepped again to a diameter of 10mm to

accommodate the bearing with bore diameter of 10mm

In order to mount the bearing, we first slot it in on both ends of the shaft. Snap ring was

installed next to the bearing so that the bearing’s inner ring is fixed on the shaft fully. This allows

the inner ring to be connected with the shaft firmly and rotates with it. After installing the bearings,

end caps are screwed onto the housing wall, constraining any translational motion among the shafts

and providing physical protection on the bearings. Fix and loose end bearings mounting method is

used to allow some axial vibration on the shaft. When a gear is rotating at a high speed, vibration

occurs. If there is no axial or thrust allowance, the structure might has a lower life period.

7.4 Housing

Housing is a component of gearbox which surrounds the gears, shafts or inner components,

providing a cover. It provides a structural support and mechanical protection towards the inner

components from any external disturbances. It also holds a metal container which contains the oil

lubricant used to bathe the gears.

In our gearbox design, we used a housing which is shaped like a rectangular box. It is made

using casting aluminium, ASTM 355.2. Aluminium is chosen based on its lightweight

characteristic and its ability to withstand heat and load well (9). Cast method is used to manufacture

the housing with a thickness of 0.02 m. Its dimension is kept as minimum as possible to save space

and cost in order to keep the air compressor as portable as possible.

There are basically two holes on the housing, the gear shaft entry hole and the pinion shaft

exit hole. Bearing units are used to connect the shafts to the housing holes. The input shaft transmit

rotational motion from the single cylinder engine to the pinion past the entry hole while the output

shaft transmit rotational motion out of the gearbox through the exit hole.

There will be an oil jet inlet hole and an oil outlet hole as well on the housing for lubrication

purpose. Spray lubrication method is used to lubricate the gears. Hence, spray nozzle is directed

into the housing through the oil jet inlet. Excess oil will flow out of the housing through the oil

outlet.

A glass view is also available on the top cover of the housing. The glass view allows people

to inspect the condition of the gears without removing the housing.

8.0 APPENDICES

A. Calculation for Gear Set

𝜔𝑜𝑢𝑡

𝐺𝑒𝑎𝑟 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =

𝜔𝑖𝑛

1500

𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 =

3800

𝐺𝑒 𝑖𝑜 = 0.395

Number of teeth on pinion, Np = 15 teeth (rounded up) using Equation 13-11 as input in Excel

𝑀𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 = =

1500 𝑁𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑡𝑒𝑒𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑛 𝑝𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑜𝑛

𝑁𝑔 = 2.53 × 15

𝑁𝑔 = 37.95 ≅ 38

Pinion Speed 3800 rpm

Gear Speed 1500 rpm

Gear Ratio 1500/3800 no units(ratio)

Transmitted Power 2.5 hp

Transmitted Power 1.86425 kW

Pressure Angle 20 degrees

Life 10 Years

Working hours 6 hours/day

Total Working Hours 21900 Hours

Gear Teeth Analysis

Analysis

Gear Teeth Analysis

Value Units

Mating Ratio = 𝑁 𝑁𝑃 2.53 ratio(dimensionless)

Contact Ratio, K 1.00

Pressure Angle, Φ 20.00 degrees

0.35 radians

Smallest number of pinion teeth without inteference 14.66

Number of Pinion Teeth 15 teeth

Number of Gear Teeth 38 teeth

Torque on Pinion 4.68 N.m

Torque on Gear 11.87 N.m

Property Value Unit

Gear Box height 300 mm

Clearence 10 mm

Gear Box height-clearence 290 mm

Module 5.47 mm

Rounding down , Module 5 mm

Pitch Diameter of Gear 190.00 mm

Pitch Line Velocity, V 14.923 m/s

Trasmitted Load, Wt 0.125 kN

𝑀𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑙𝑒 =

𝑁𝑝 + 𝑁𝑔

= 15 𝑥 5 = 60 𝑚𝑚

= 38 𝑥 5 = 190 𝑚𝑚

𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ 𝐿𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦, 𝑉 = 60000

𝑉 = 14.923 𝑚 𝑠

𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟

𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑, 𝑊𝑡 =

𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ 𝐿𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝑉𝑒𝑙𝑜𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦

𝑊𝑡 = 0.125 𝑘𝑁

𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 𝐶𝑦𝑐𝑙𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 3800 × 60 ×6 × 365 × 10 𝑦𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑠

𝑚𝑖𝑛 ℎ𝑟 𝑑𝑎𝑦 𝑦𝑒𝑎𝑟

Diametral Pitch 0.20 teeth/mm of diameter

Addendum distances, a 5.00 mm

Dedendum Distance, b 6.25 mm

Height occupied by gear mesh 275 mm

Tooth Height 11.25 mm

Outer Diameter of Rim for Pinion 62.50 mm

Outer Diameter of Rim for Gear 177.5 mm

1

𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ = = 0.20 𝑚𝑚

𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑙𝑒

1

𝐴𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑚 𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 = = 5.00 𝑚𝑚

𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ

1.25

𝐷𝑒𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑚 𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 = = 6.25 𝑚𝑚

𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ

𝐻𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 𝑜𝑐𝑐𝑢𝑝𝑖𝑒𝑑 𝑏𝑦 𝑔𝑒𝑎𝑟 𝑚𝑒𝑠ℎ = 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ 𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑃𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑜𝑛 + 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ 𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝐺𝑒𝑎𝑟 +

𝐴𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑚 𝐷𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒(2)

Wear Analysis for Pinion

Reliability, R 0.999

Reliability Factor, KR 1.25

Surface-Strength Geometry Factor, I 0.1152

Quality Number, Qv 7

Factor A for Kv 65.064

Factor B for Kv 0.7310

Dynamic Factor, Kv 1.5614

Face Width, F 62.83185307 mm

Face Width, Round Down 62 mm

Load Correction Factior Cmc 0.8

Pinion Proportion Factor, Cpf 0.0757

Pinion Proportion Modifier, Cpm 1

Mesh Allignment Factor, Cma 0.158

Mesh Allignment Correction Factor, Ce 1

Load Distribution Factor, Km 1.1869

Elastic Coefficient Cp 191 (MPA)^0.5

Overload Factor, Ko 1

Size Factor, Ks 1.1143

Surface Condition Factor, Cf 1

Contact Stress 132.5398336 Mpa

Reliability chosen for ALL calculations = 99.9% or 0.999 for a highly reliable functional design

𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑙𝑖𝑏𝑖𝑡𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐾𝑅 = = (0.5 − 0.109𝐿𝑁(1 − 𝑅))

𝐾𝑅 = 1.25

(𝐶𝑂𝑆(∅))(𝑆𝐼𝑁(∅))𝑥(𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜)

𝑆𝑢𝑟𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑒𝑆𝑡𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝐺𝑒𝑜𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑦 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐼 =

(2(𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 + 1))

Quality value chosen is 7 for all the calculations

𝐴 = 50 + 56(1 − 𝐵)

𝐴 = 50 + 56(1 − 00.7310)

𝐴 = 65.064

2

(12 − 𝑄𝑣 )3

𝐵=

4

2

(12 − 7)3

𝐵=

4

𝐵 = 0.7310

𝐵

𝐴

𝐷𝑦𝑛𝑎𝑚𝑖𝑐 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐾𝑉 = ( )

𝐴 + √𝑉𝑡

0.629961

65.064

𝐾𝑉 = ( )

65.064 + √14.923

𝐾𝑉 = 𝟏. 𝟓𝟔𝟏𝟒

4𝜋

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑒 𝑊𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ, 𝐹 =

𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ

𝐹 = 62.83~62𝑚𝑚 (𝑟𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑑 𝑑𝑜𝑤𝑛)

Mesh Alignment Correction Factor, Ce = 1 for all other conditions from Equation (14-35)

33 | P a g e MEMB333 – MACHINE DESIGN- PORTABLE AIR COMPRESSOR

𝑃𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑝𝑜𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐶𝑝𝑓

𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑒 𝑊𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ, 𝐹

= − 0.0375 + 4.92(𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑒 𝑤𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ)(10−4 )

10(𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑃𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑜𝑛)

𝐶𝑝𝑓 = 0.0757

𝐾𝑚 = 1.1869

The air compressor is assumed to have a uniform power source and uniform shock

𝐾𝑠 = 1.143

𝐾𝑚 𝐶𝑓 0.5

𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑐𝑡 𝑆𝑡𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠 = 𝐶𝑝[ 𝑊 𝑡 𝐾𝑜 𝐾𝑉 𝐾𝑆 ]

𝐹𝑑𝑃 𝐼

Bending Stress on Pinion

Material 1

Material Selection From Table 14-6 Values Units

Grade 1 Steel Steel Flame Hardened with 54HRC 1206 MPA

New Contact Factor of Safety 6.28

Reliability, R 0.999

Reliability Factor, KR 1.25

Bending-Strength Geometry Factor, J 0.25

Rim Thickness Factor, KB 1

Load, Wt 0.125 kN

Overload Factor, Ko 1

Dynamic Factor, Kv 1.561

Size Factor, Ks 1.1143

Diametral Pitch 0.20 teeth/mm

Face Width, F 62 mm

Load Distribution Factor, Km 1.1869

Bending Stress 3.33 MPA

Material 1 chosen as it

Reliability chosen for ALL calculations=99.9% or 0.999 for reliable functional design

𝐾𝑅 = 1.25

Which is obtained from Figure (14-6) given number of teeth of pinion 15.

As the value of backupration is more than 1.2 governed by Equation (14-40)

𝑂𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐾𝑜 = 1

The air compressor is assumed to have a uniform power source and uniform shock

𝐵

𝐴

𝐷𝑦𝑛𝑎𝑚𝑖𝑐 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝐾𝑉 = ( )

𝐴 + √𝑉𝑡

0.629961

65.064

𝐾𝑉 =( )

65.064 + √14.923

𝐾𝑉 = 𝟏. 𝟓𝟔𝟏𝟒

𝐾𝑠 = 1.143

1

D𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ = = 0.20 𝑚𝑚

𝑚𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑙𝑒

𝐾𝑚 = 1.1869

𝑃𝑑 𝐾𝑚 𝐾𝐵

𝐵𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠 = 𝑊 𝑡 𝐾𝑂 𝐾𝑉 𝐾𝑆

𝐹 𝐽

B. Calculations for Shafts

Pinion diameter, dp =

𝑇𝑜𝑟𝑞𝑢𝑒, 𝑇 = 4.68 𝑁𝑚

Torque 4.68 N.m

Transmitted Load, Wt 0.125 kN

Reaction Raz 62.46 N

Reaction Rbz 62.46 N

Moment, Wt 5.46 N.m

Transmitted Load, Wr 45.47 N

Reaction Rax 22.74 N

Reaction Rbx 22.74 N

Moment, Wr 2 N.m

Resultant Moment 5.81 N.m

(𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑, 𝑊𝑡 𝑥 0.035)

𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑅𝑎𝑧 = 𝑅𝑏𝑧 = 𝑥 1000

0.07

= 62.46𝑁

𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑, 𝑊𝑟 = 𝑊𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 1000

180

𝑊𝑟 𝑥 0.035

𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑅𝑎𝑥 = 𝑅𝑏𝑥 =

0.07

= 22.74 𝑁

= 5.81 𝑁. 𝑚

*ASSUMPTION MATERIAL AISI NO. 1020 CD WAS CHOSEN

Factors (from various tables) Values Units/from table

Tensile Strength, Sut 470 Mpa

Yield Strength, Sy 390 Mpa

Moment, Kt 1.52 *Fig. A-15-9

Torsion, Kts 1.34 *Fig. A-15-8

q 0.73 *Fig. 6-20

qshear 0.75 *Fig.6-21

Kf 1.38

K fs 1.26

Endurance Limit, Se' 235 Mpa

Surface Factor, Ka 0.88 *Table 6.2

Size Factor, Kb 0.82 *Eqn 6.20

Loading Factor, Kc 1

Temperature Factor, Kd 1

Reliability Factor, Ke 0.753 *Table 6.5

Miscellaneous Factor, Kf 1

Eduranance Limit Modifying Factor, Se 127.52 Mpa

Estimated Safety Factor, n 6

Material chosen is AISI No. 1020 Cold drawn with Sut=470MPa and Sy=390MPa

𝐾𝑓 = 1 + 𝑞(𝐾𝑡 − 1)

= 1.38

𝐾𝑓𝑠 = 1 + 𝑞(𝐾𝑡𝑠 − 1)

1.26

𝑆𝑒 ′ =235 MPa

𝐾𝑎 = 0.88

= 0.82

=127.52 MPa

Values Units

Initial guess for d1 18.60 mm

TRIAL & ERROR

Standard Diameter, d 18 mm

Suggeted Diameter D 21.6 mm

Standard Diameter, D new 20 mm

D/d new 1.11

Fillet Radius, r 5 mm

r/d 0.278

Von Mises Stress σa' 13.16 Mpa

Von Mises Stress σ m' 8.89 MPa

Safety Factor, n 8.19

Check yielding, ny 17.69

Satisfied with F.OS 8.19

Figure __

A trial & Error method is then employed to determine the best diameter. In the figure above, we

have shown the best trial result and have chosen it to proceed with our design.

𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 18 𝑚𝑚

1

𝑆𝑎𝑓𝑒𝑡𝑦 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝑛 =

𝜎𝑎′ 𝜎𝑚′

𝑆𝑒 + 𝑆𝑢𝑡

𝑛 = 8.19

OUTPUT SHAFT WITH GEAR

Torque 11.87 N.m

Transmitted Load at A, Wt 0.125 kN

Reaction Rcz 62.46 N

Reaction Rdz 62.46 N

Moment, Wt 5.46 N.m

Transmitted Load at B, Wr 45.47 N

Reaction Rcx 22.74 N

Reaction Rdx 22.74 N

Moment, Wr 2 N.m

Resultant Moment 5.81 N.m

(𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑, 𝑊𝑡 𝑥 0.035)

𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑅𝑎𝑧 = 𝑅𝑐𝑧 = 𝑥 1000

0.07

= 62.46𝑁

𝑇𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑚𝑖𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐿𝑜𝑎𝑑, 𝑊𝑟 = 𝑊𝑡 𝑥 𝑥 1000

180

𝑊𝑟 𝑥 0.035

𝑅𝑒𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑅𝑎𝑥 = 𝑅𝑐𝑥 =

0.07

= 22.74 𝑁

= 5.81 𝑁. 𝑚

*ASSUMPTION THE MATERIAL AISI NO. 1020 CD WAS CHOSEN

Factors (from various tables) Values Units/From tables

Tensile Strength, Sut 470 Mpa

Yield Strength, Sy 390 Mpa

Moment, Kt 1.52 *Fig. A-15-9

Torsion, Kts 1.34 *Fig. A-15-8

q 0.77 *Fig. 6-20

qshear 0.81 *Fig.6-21

Kf 1.40

K fs 1.28

Endurance Limit, Se' 235 Mpa

Surface Factor, Ka 0.88 *Table 6.2

Size Factor, Kb 0.74 *Eqn 6.20

Loading Factor, Kc 1

Temperature Factor, Kd 1

Reliability Factor, Ke 0.753 *Table 6.5

Miscellaneous Factor, Kf 1

Eduranance Limit Modifying Factor, Se 115.44 Mpa

Estimated Factor of Safety 5

Material chosen is AISI No. 1020 Cold drawn with Sut=470MPa and Sy=390MPa

𝐾𝑓 = 1 + 𝑞(𝐾𝑡 − 1)

= 1.40

𝐾𝑓𝑠 = 1 + 𝑞(𝐾𝑡𝑠 − 1)

1.28

𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐿𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑡, 𝑆𝑒 ′ = 0.5𝑆𝑢𝑡

𝑆𝑒 ′ =235 MPa

𝐾𝑎 = 0.88

= 0.74

=115.44 MPa

values Units

Initial guess for d2 16.86 mm

TRIAL & ERROR

Standard Diameter, d 15 mm

Suggeted Diameter D 18 mm

Standard Diameter, Dnew 17 mm

D/d new 1.13

Fillet Radius, r 3.5 mm

r/d 0.233

Von Mises Stress σa' 23.08 MPa

Von Mises Stress σm' 39.56 MPa

Safety Factor, n 3.52

Check yielding, n y 6.23

SATISFIED WITH F.O.S 3.52

A trial & Error method is then employed to determine the best diameter. In the figure above, we

have shown the best trial result and have chosen it to proceed with our design.

𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝐷𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 15 𝑚𝑚

1

𝑆𝑎𝑓𝑒𝑡𝑦 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟, 𝑛 =

𝜎𝑎′ 𝜎𝑚′

𝑆𝑒 + 𝑆𝑢𝑡

𝑛 = 3.52

C. BEARINGS

Bearings

Analysis bearing pinion- Input Shaft

Values Units

Shaft speed, nD 3800 rpm

Desired Life ʟD 21900 hours

Bearing Life,LD 4.99E+09

= 4.99𝑥1009

In general, the bearing calculations are all based on equation (11-10) as the reliability is

more than 90%.

The value for a is 3 all ball bearing is used. Manufacturer 2 information is used for all

calculations.

Reaction Forces

Bearing 1 ( A)

Values Units

Rax 22.74 N

Raz 62.46 N

Desired Radial Load 66.47 N

Desired Life, LD 21900 Hours

a 3

Load Application Factor, af 1.2

Rating Life L10 1.00E+06

XD 4.99E+03

Catolog Load rating (C10) 3.44 kN

2

𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝐹𝐷 = √𝑅𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑅𝑎𝑧 2

= 66.47𝑁

𝐵𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿𝐷

𝑋𝐷 =

𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿10

= 4.99𝑥1003

𝑋𝐷 1 𝑎

𝐶10 = 𝑎𝑓 𝐹𝑑 [ 1]

𝑋𝑂 + (𝜃 − 𝑋𝑂 )(1 − 𝑅𝐷 )𝑏

𝐶10 = 3.44 𝑘𝑁

Bearing 2 (B)

Values Units

Rbx 22.74 N

Rbz 62.46 N

Desired Radial Loading 66.47 N

Desired Life, LD 21900 Hours

a 3

Load Application Factor, af 1.2

Rating Life L10 1.00E+06

XD 4.99E+03

Catalog Load Rating (C10) 3.44 kN

2

𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝐹𝐷 = √𝑅𝑏𝑥 2 + 𝑅𝑏𝑧 2

= 66.47 𝑁

𝐵𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿𝐷

𝑋𝐷 =

𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿10

= 4.99𝑥103

𝑋𝐷 1 𝑎

𝐶10 = 𝑎𝑓 𝐹𝑑 [ 1]

𝑋𝑂 + (𝜃 − 𝑋𝑂 )(1 − 𝑅𝐷 )𝑏

𝐶10 = 3.44 𝑘𝑁

Values Units

Shaft speed, nD 1500 rpm

Desired Life ʟD 21900 hours

Bearing Life,LD 1.97E+09 cycles

= 1.97𝑥1009

Reaction Forces

Bearing 3 ( C )

Values Units

Rcx 22.74 N

Rcz 62.46 N

Desired Radial Load 66.47 N

Desired Life, LD 21900 Hours

a 3

Load Application Factor, af 1.2

Rating Life L10 1.00E+06

XD 1.97E+03

Catolog Load rating (C10) 2.53 kN

2

𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝐹𝐷 = √𝑅𝑐𝑥 2 + 𝑅𝑐𝑧 2

= 66.47 𝑁

𝐵𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿𝐷

𝑋𝐷 =

𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿10

= 1.97𝑥103

𝑋𝐷 1 𝑎

𝐶10 = 𝑎𝑓 𝐹𝑑 [ 1]

𝑋𝑂 + (𝜃 − 𝑋𝑂 )(1 − 𝑅𝐷 )𝑏

𝐶10 = 2.53 𝑘𝑁

Bearing 4 (D)

Values Units

Rdx 22.74 N

Rdz 62.46 N

Desired Radial Loading 66.47 N

Desired Life, LD 21900 Hours

a 3

Load Application Factor, af 1.2

Rating Life L10 1.00E+06

XD 1.97E+03

Catalog Load Rating (C10) 2.53 kN

2

𝐷𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝑙𝑜𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔, 𝐹𝐷 = √𝑅𝑑𝑥 2 + 𝑅𝑑𝑧 2

= 66.47 𝑁

𝐵𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿𝐷

𝑋𝐷 =

𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒, 𝐿10

= 1.97𝑥103

𝑋𝐷 1 𝑎

𝐶10 = 𝑎𝑓 𝐹𝑑 [ 1]

𝑋𝑂 + (𝜃 − 𝑋𝑂 )(1 − 𝑅𝐷 )𝑏

𝐶10 = 2.53 𝑘𝑁

D. KEY DESIGN

Transmitted Torque 4.68 Nm

Bore diameter of Shaft 10 mm

Side dimension, t 10 mm

Sy 390 Mpa

Safety Factor, n 5

Length of key, l to resist crushing 2.40 mm

0.5

𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑛 𝑘𝑒𝑦, 𝐹 = 2(𝑇𝑜𝑟𝑞𝑢𝑒 2 )𝑏𝑜𝑟𝑒

= 0.94 𝑘𝑁

2𝐹𝑥1000𝑥𝑛

𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝐾𝑒𝑦, 𝐼 𝑡𝑜 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡 𝑐𝑟𝑢𝑠ℎ𝑖𝑛𝑔 =

0.001𝑡

1000000𝑆𝑦(1000)

= 2.40 𝑚𝑚

Output Shaft with gear Values Units

Transmitted Torque 11.87 Nm

Bore diameter of Shaft 10 mm

Side dimension, t 10 mm

Sy 390 Mpa

Safety Factor, n 5

Length of key, l to resist crushing 6.09 mm

0.5

𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 𝑜𝑛 𝑘𝑒𝑦, 𝐹 = 2(𝑇𝑜𝑟𝑞𝑢𝑒 2 )𝑏𝑜𝑟𝑒

= 2.37 𝑘𝑁

2𝐹𝑥1000𝑥𝑛

𝐿𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝐾𝑒𝑦, 𝐼 𝑡𝑜 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡 𝑐𝑟𝑢𝑠ℎ𝑖𝑛𝑔 =

0.001𝑡

1000000𝑆𝑦(1000)

= 6.09 𝑚𝑚

Keyway with size 2x2x1 mm (width, height and depth) are chosen for both shafts from table (7-6)

- Internship ReportTransféré parLemi Chala Beyene
- Corporate Brochure UsTransféré parSagar Shah
- SKF Industrial Gearbox 2Transféré pardk_2k2002
- VT2814B_Eng_01_953722.pdfTransféré parThales Wendel
- Geared Motor selection chartTransféré parJaynil Gunarkar
- ME321-ShaftDesignProjectTransféré parJeet Mehta
- Mixer Direct CatalogTransféré parmmk111
- SEW Eurodrive Industrial Gear UnitsTransféré parSteve Ip
- ME-433 Class note 3Transféré parshaim mahamud
- G1043_US_2010Transféré parvj4249
- HC Series 2008Transféré parspeed844
- ARMADO DE SUPER 10.pdfTransféré parjack
- 231304100 Procesos de Soldadura Fcaw Gmaw Saw SmawTransféré parEdward Larens
- Brochure ImpTransféré parChessyrr B. Baylon
- Md Project (Recovered)Transféré parAbdullah Helmi
- FAG-Gearboxes Need Rolling BearingsTransféré parUMAMAHESWARAN03
- TE B Gearbox design Oral QuestionsTransféré parapteashutosh
- epexTransféré parget_manojkumar
- 317778_STTGP - Group 2 Part 2Transféré parAchmad Luthfi Muzakki
- Dezasamblare Cutie Viteze Lada NivaTransféré parCatalinSS
- Assignment_2_PP(1).pdfTransféré parjamesplanetearth
- Gear Box Design Assignment S2 2012Transféré parNang Truong
- 4560_E_2_tcm_12-73081.pdfTransféré parVanessa Pajares Lanciato
- Eclipse Gearbox wind turbineTransféré parPankaj Katre
- STP330Transféré parwaleedyehia
- NOV Prochem Bulletin 720_v02Transféré parsaulomon
- Drive Train Parts Quality[1].pptTransféré parAnonymous Dq7m7Hq7ar
- Machine Design Sem IITransféré parpalreddy
- Transit Mixer InstallTransféré parRohit Om Tiwari
- A 0370105Transféré parInternational Journal of Engineering Inventions (IJEI)

- 8.13 mechanics of fluids.pdfTransféré parFikri Azim
- 3 Gas Power CyclesTransféré parFikri Azim
- 2 ExergyTransféré parFikri Azim
- a b c d.pdfTransféré parFikri Azim
- Ch1 - DakwahTransféré parتوان ظاهيرو الدين
- Machines Guideline for Students (MEHB321)Transféré parFikri Azim
- 2. Zakat Dan Sumber Kewangan NegaraTransféré parFikri Azim
- Hello WorldTransféré parFikri Azim
- Chapter 12 SolutionsTransféré parFikri Azim
- 8.59Transféré parFikri Azim
- Chapter_12_Solutions.pdfTransféré parFikri Azim
- Chapter_12_Solutions.pdfTransféré parFikri Azim
- 8.13Transféré parFikri Azim
- 8.59.pdfTransféré parFikri Azim

- 313652791 Calculating ARIEL Lube RatesTransféré parzhangjie
- Aerzen D62S Blowers Rev 16-Apr.pdfTransféré parFarid
- 230_Sp18_PREP1_blank.pdfTransféré parKhang Huynh
- Mechanical Syllabus 2014-15 v -Viii SemesterTransféré parmayur
- 7e302414d4c4c080004b93cc1f8c6f9044e6Transféré parthlim19078656
- MARCH 2018 Surplus Record Machinery & Equipment DirectoryTransféré parSurplus Record
- Air Conditioning Thermodynamics 1Transféré parKristen Rosaot Ortuyo
- copressor.docxTransféré parPackiaraj
- paper24.pdfTransféré parhamidrezaee008
- Installation-Manual-Carrier-30RA.pdfTransféré parZlatko Huić
- TabulationTransféré parWildan Push
- Carlyle twin screw compressors.pdfTransféré parSuresh
- FBC/FBD Fulton Horizontal BoilersTransféré parMara Liceo
- CBM Insurance considers.pdfTransféré parkp pk
- fess1psTransféré parking
- Gree Service ManualTransféré parnajdo1
- A_Review_on_Centrifugal_Compressor_Desig.pdfTransféré parhaseeb tahir
- NOVEMBER 2018 Surplus Record Machinery & Equipment DirectoryTransféré parSurplus Record
- EPA Cert Exam Study Manual 7th EditionTransféré parStovie85
- GJC12AG-E6RNB3A Service ManualTransféré parWarlin Fortunato
- Advanced Process Control of a Propylene Refrigeration SystemTransféré parCal
- GGSIPU MAE Syllabus 4th Semester (B.Tech)Transféré parNitish Bhardwaj
- RAC(7th&8th)Dec2017Transféré parMuDas Ir
- BEL-paperTransféré pargoobche
- Sperre-Technical-Guide 20170804 Web CompressedTransféré parAhmed S. El Den
- VDAS MkII Datasheet 0517Transféré parLeonardo Flores Tymchuk
- Trg-B1008-COMPRESSOR HOUSE PIPINGTransféré parVijay Gupta
- New Energy Technologies Issue 18Transféré parblameitontherain9877
- 8150100573 air-dryer docTransféré parIhsan Habib Abik
- Refrigeration CycleTransféré parminhaj