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Module 3

Basic Electrics

Exam 1

1. A capacitor is fully charged after 25 seconds to a


battery voltage of 20 Volts. The battery is replaced
with a short circuit. What will be the voltage across
the capacitor after one time constant?

a) 12.64 volts
b) 7.36 volts
c) 0 volts

2. The voltage rating of a capacitor is

a) the max voltage that can be constantly applied


b) the min voltage required to charge
c) the normal operating voltage

3. The relative permittivity of a capacitor is

a) the relative permittivity of the dielectric in


relation to a vacuum
b) the permittivity of dielectric in relation to
dry air
c) the permittivity of the dielectric

4. Magnetic inclination is the least at the

a) poles
b) equator
c) isoclines

5. Ferromagnetic materials can be magnetized

a) within a band of temperatures


b) above a certain temperature
c) below a certain temperature
6. Faradays Law States that

a) the magnitude of the EMF is directly


proportional to the rate of change of flux
b) the magnitude of the EMF is indirectly
proportional to the rate of change of flux
c) the magnitude of the EMF is directly
proportional to the magnetic flux

7. To reduce eddy currents in a transformer you would

a) reduce the thickness of laminations in the


magnetic core
b) increase the thickness of laminations in the
magnetic core
c) reduce the number of turns on the primary
winding

8. A transformer has an input of 400V and a ratio of


2:1. If the transformer is delta / star wound, what
will the line voltage output be?

a) 115V
b) 200V
c) 346V

9. What is the phase difference in a circuit with 100V,


drawing 0.5 amps, consuming 50 Watts?

a) 45°
b) 90°
c) 0°

10. In an A.C circuit, what happens if frequency is


reduced?

a) Capacitive elements may be damaged


b) Inductive elements may be damaged
c) There will be no effect
Answers for Exam 1

Question 1 b The capacitor is discharging - so it


discharges 63.2% in one time constant - so
what is left?
Time Constant = the time required for the
current in the circuit to build up to
63.2% of the maximum value
http://www.hamstudy.com/freeadvanced/a-001-1.html

Question 2 a Exceed the voltage at which the capaicitor


is rated, and you destroy the capacitor

Question 3 a Relative' means relative to 'free space'


(a 'vacuum' in other words)
http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_1/chpt_13/3.html/magn
etic_inclination

Question 4 b 'Inclination' is the same as 'dip'. Dip


is greatest at the poles and least at the
equator
http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/~w3gibo/How%20to%20do%20field
%20studies/properties_of_magnetic_field_at_.htm

Question 5 c Read up on the 'Curie Point'

Question 6 a Read up on electromagnetic induction"

Question 7 a Read up on transformer losses

Question 8 c Star wound output - line voltage is 1.73 x


phase voltage

Question 9 c When power is in Watts, it is all true


power - there is no apparent power

Question 10 b Lower frequency will decrease the


reactance of the inductor which will
increase its current, possibly damaging
it."