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E3-E4 Architect

TECHNICAL

Kitchen Standards

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WELCOME

• This is a presentation for the E3-E4 Architect Technical


Module for the Topic: Kitchen Standards .
• Eligibility: Those who have got the Up-gradation to from
E3 to E4.
• This presentation is last updated on 15-3-2011.
• You can also visit the Digital library of BSNL to see this
topic.

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AGENDA

Kitchen design should be functional


Counters and Working Surface
Counter Height
Work Triangle
Types of kitchen

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Introduction
• Kitchen design should be functional
• in the sense of minimizing reaching and stooping.
• Storage facilities should be no higher than a woman can
reach with both feet flat on the floor without
excessive strain.
• With proper planning, stored items can be located close
to where they are first used, and unattractive items can
be kept out of sight.

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Counters and Working Surface
• The height of counters and working surfaces
should permit a comfortable working posture.
• The worker should be able to sit, if she wishes,
while doing certain kitchen tasks, such as working
at the sink.
• Continuous lines and surfaces permit ease of
movement, and are easier to keep clean.

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Maximum Working Area

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Counter Height

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Kitchen Activities
Nonworking areas
• Non working areas should be segregated from
working areas. Avoid interruption of work areas by
breakfast nooks, general storage closets, rest
areas, and other areas not essential to normal food
preparation activities.

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Window Sill

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Eating facilities

• Most families want to eat some meals in the kitchen.


Provision should be made for this, if possible, even if a
separate dining room is also provide.
• Your kitchen layout is often dictated by the size of the
room, why way you use the space and the dynamic of
your family. There are five basic kitchen layouts.
• One Wall Layout
• Galley Layout (Corridor-Style)
• U Shaped Layout
• L Shaped Layout
• G Sharpe Kitchen Layout
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Work Triangle

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One Wall Kitchen Layout

one wall kitchen offers a very open and airy feel suited well
for apartment or small home
The one wall kitchen is offer a neat solution for small kitchen
as everything is contained in one wall.
One wall kitchen layout places all the equipment, sink, and
cabinetry along one wall.
As you cannot create a triangle in one wall kitchen layout,
maximize accessibility by locating the sink between the
refrigerator and the cook stove.

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Galley Kitchen Layout

 Galley kitchen layout are also known as corridor or parallel


kitchen layout. The galley kitchen layout is best option when
space is limited as you can place the appliance on opposite
site which help the workflow.

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U shape Kitchen Design
 A U shape kitchen is what many
expert believed to be the most efficient
kitchen design.
 Cabinets, counters, appliance are all
arrange along three wall in a U
configuration.
 The greatest benefit for this plan is
ease of traffic flow.

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L Shape Kitchen Design
L Shape Kitchen Layout
L-Shaped Kitchen - most flexible and most
popular kitchen layout

L shape kitchen design places the kitchen


on two perpendicular walls.

 L shape usually consists of one long and


one short "legs" and lends itself to and
efficient work triangle without the problem of
through traffic.

 If it's well design, it is flexible enough for 2


cooks to work simultaneously without getting
in each other's way.

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G Shape Kitchen Design

G-Shape Kitchen Layout


• G-Shaped kitchen offers a great deal of space.
 G shape kitchen design is a hybrid of U shape with shorter
fourth leg added in the form of a peninsular. While the G
shape may be suitable for more than one person, working
in the kitchen may feel

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Door/Entry

The clear opening of a


doorway should be at
least 32’’ wide. This
would require a
minimum 2’-10’’ door.
.

The clear opening of a


doorway should be at
least 34’’. This would
require a minimum 3’-0’’
door.

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Distance Between Work Centers

• Recommended:
In a kitchen with three work
centers* the sum of the three
traveled distances should
`
total no more than` 26’ with
no single leg of the triangle Note: In the above image, the
measuring less than 4’ nor perimeter of the triangle should not
more than 9’. exceed 26'

• Each leg is measured from


the center-front of the
appliance/sink.
• No work triangle leg
intersects an
island/peninsula or other
obstacle by more than 12”.

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Work Triangle Traffic

• No major traffic
patterns should
cross through the
basic work triangle.
.
• Kitchen guideline
recommendation
meets Access
Standard.

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Work Aisle

• The width of a work aisle


should be at least 42” for one
cook and at least 48” for
multiple cooks. Measure
between the counter frontage,
tall cabinets and/or appliances.

• space could utilize a T-shaped


clear space, which is a 60”
square with two 12” wide x 24”
deep areas removed from the
corners of the square. This
leaves a minimum 36” wide
base and two 36” wide arms. T-
shaped wheelchair turning
spaces can include knee and
toe clearances.

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• Knee clearance must be a
minimum 30” wide (36” to use
as part of the T-turn) and
maintain a 27” clear space
under the cabinet, counter or
sink for a depth of 8”. The next
3” of depth may slope down to
a height of 9”, with a clear
space of at least 17” extending
beneath the element.

• *Toe clearance space under a


cabinet or appliance is
between the floor and 9”
above the floor. Where toe
clearance is required as part
of a clear floor space, the toe
clearance should extend 17”
minimum beneath the element.

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Walkway

• The width of a
walkway should be
at least 36”.

• If two walkways are


perpendicular to
each other, one
walkway should be
at least 42” wide.

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Traffic Clearance at Seating

• Recommended:
In a seating area where no
traffic passes behind a
seated diner, allow 32” of
clearance from the
counter/table edge to any
wall or other obstruction
behind the seating area.

a. If traffic passes behind
the seated diner, allow at
least 36” to edge past.
b. If traffic passes behind
the seated diner, allow at
least 44” to walk past.

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Refrigerator Landing Area

• Include at least:
• 15” of landing area on the handle
side of the refrigerator or
• 15” of landing area on either side
of a side-by-side refrigerator or
• 15” of landing area which is no
more than 48” across from the
front of the refrigerator or
• 15” of landing area above or
adjacent to any undercounted
style refrigeration appliance.

• A clear floor space of 30” x 48”


should be positioned for a parallel
approach to the
refrigerator/freezer with the
centerline of the clear floor space
offset 24” maximum from the
centerline of the appliance.

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Preparation/Work Area

• Include a section of continuous


countertop at least 36” wide x 24”
deep immediately next to a sink for
a primary preparation/work area.

• In a kitchen, there should be at


least one 30” wide section of
counter, 34” high maximum or
adjustable from 29” to 36”.

• Cabinetry can be added under the


work surface, provided it can be
removed or altered without
removal or replacement of the
work surface, and provided the
finished floor extends under the
cabinet.

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Cooking Surface Ventilation

• Provide a correctly sized, ducted ventilation system


for all cooking surface appliances. The
recommended minimum is 150 cm.
• Ventilation controls should be placed 15” – 44”
above the floor, operable with minimal effort, easy to
read and with minimal noise pollution.

• Where a forward or side reach is unobstructed, the


high reach should be 48” maximum and the low
reach should be 15” minimum above the floor
• Where a forward or side reach is obstructed by a 20”
– 25” deep counter, the high reach should be 44”
maximum.

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© For internal circulation of BSNL only
© For internal circulation of BSNL only
Cooking Surface Safety
• Do not locate the cooking
surface under an operable
window.
• Window treatments above the
cooking surface should not use
flammable materials.
• A fire extinguisher should be
located near the exit of the
kitchen away from cooking
equipment.

• Place fire extinguisher between


15” and 48” off the finished floor.

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Combining Landing Areas
• If two landing areas are
adjacent to one another,
determine a new
minimum for the two
adjoining spaces by
taking the longer of the
two landing area
requirements and adding
12.”
.

• Kitchen guideline
recommendation meets
Access Standard.

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Countertop
Space
• A total of 158” of countertop
frontage, 24” deep, with at least
15” of clearance above, is
needed to accommodate all uses,
including landing area,
preparation/work area, and
storage.
• Built-in appliance garages
extending to the countertop can
be counted towards the total
countertop frontage
recommendation, but they may
interfere with the landing areas.

• At least two work-counter heights


should be offered in the kitchen,
with one 28”– 36” above the
finished floor and the other 36”–
45” above the finished floor.

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© For internal circulation of BSNL only
Lighting
• In addition to general
lighting required by code,
every work surface should
be well illuminated by
appropriate task lighting.
• At least one wall-switch
controlled light must be
provided. Switch must be
placed at the entrance.
• Window/skylight area,
equal to at least 8% of the
total square footage of the
kitchen, or a total living
space which includes a
kitchen, is required.

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© For internal circulation of BSNL only