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Text 1-3. 03. Which one is TRUE according to the text?


Electronic cigarettes: Are they safer than (A) Electronic cigarettes are safer than to-
tobacco? Or are they a high-tech way to bacco.
hook a new generation on a bad nicotine (B) E-cigarette effects are unpopular.
habit? (C) The number of people using e-cigarettes
Research into the effect of e-cigarettes has double between 2011-2012.
lags behind their popularity. But ready or (D) The number of e-cigarettes sold is
not, the era of e-cigarette is here. It‟s a greater than that of normal tobacco
booming, billion-dollar industry - on track to products.
outsell tobacco products within a decade. (E) Some teens use e-cigarettes.
The number of teens and tweenagers
(children between the ages of about 10 and Text 4-8.
14) using these products doubled between Marie Curie was a Polish-born French
2011 and 2012. scientist who, with her husband, Pierre Curie
(1859-1906). was an early investigator of
01. What does the passage say about the effects radioactivity. From 1896. the Curies worked
of e-cigarettes? The passage … together. building on the results of Henri
(A) says that the effects are popular. Becquerel. who had discovered radioactivity
(B) says that the research of the effect of from uranium salts. Marie Curie discovered
e-cigarettes is still insufficient that thorium also emits radiation and found
(C) says that the effects are good for teens that the mineral pitchblende was even more
and tweenagers. radioactive than could be accounted for by
(D) says that the effects are high-tech. any uranium and thorium content. The
(E) provides no information about the ef- Curies then carried out an exhaustive search
fects. and in July 1898 announced the discovery of
polonium, followed in December of that year
02. From the passage above, which sentence is a with the discovery of radium. They shared
prediction? the 1903 Nobel Prize for physics with
(A) Electronic cigarettes: Are they safer than Becquerel for the discovery of radioactivity.
tobacco? Or are they a high-tech way to The Curies did not participate In Becquerel‟s
hook a new generation on a bad nicotine discovery but investigated radioactivity and
habit? gave the phenomenon its name. Marie Curie
(B) Research into the effects of e-cigarettes went on to study the chemistry and medical
lags behind their popularity. applications of radium, and was awarded the
(C) It‟s a booming, billion-dollar industry - 1911 Nobel Prize for chemistry in
on track to outsell tobacco products recognition of her work in isolating the pure
within a decade. metal.
(D) The number of teens and tweenagers At the outbreak of World War I in 1914.
(children between the ages of about 10 Marie Curie helped to equip ambulances
and 14) using these products doubled with X-ray equipment and drove the
between 2011 and 2012. ambulances to the front lines. The
(E) Nothing. International Red Cross made her head of
its Radiological Service. She taught medical
orderlies and doctors how to use the new
technique. By the late 1920s. her health
began to deteriorate: continued exposure to
high energy radiation had given her
leukemia. She entered a sanatorium and died

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on July 4. 1934. (C) The curies had discovered polonium


Throughout much of her life, Marie before radium.
Curie was poor. and the painstaking radium (D) The mineral pitchblende was more
extractions were carried out in primitive con- radioactive than thorium content.
ditions. The Curies refused to patent any of (E) Nobel Prize only recognized Marie
their discoveries, wanting them to benefit Curie and Becquerel for the discovery of
everyone freely. They used the Nobel Prize radioactivity.
money and other financial rewards to finance
further research. One of the outstanding 08. What is the best title of the passage?
applications of their work has been the use (A) How Radioactivity Changed the World.
of radiation to treat cancer, one form of (B) Science and its applications.
which cost Marie Curie her life. (C) The Discoveries of Marie Curie.
(D) The Competition between Marie Curie
04. Which one is TRUE according to the and Henri Becquerel.
passage? (E) The History of Radioactivity.
(A) Marie Curie and her husband discovered
radioactivity from uranium salts. Text 09-15.
(B) Marie Curie got only one Nobel Prize
Between 13,000 and 12,600 years ago,
for physics.
members of the Clovis culture appeared in
(C) The Curies had worked together with
North America, where they made and used
Becquerel in a research.
distinctive stone-tipped spears to hunt
(D) Marie Curie financed her researches
mammoth, bison and mastodon. Until
with their patent money.
recently, all that archeologists knew about
(E) Marie Curie participated in the World
the Clovis people came from studying their
Wars.
tools, which have been unearthed at
wide-ranging sites across the country. Now,
05. Why didn‟t the Curies patent their
DNA analysis of a single human skeleton-
discoveries?
that of a one-year-old boy buried in a rocky
(A) They already had some money from field in modern-day Montana - has allowed
Nobel Prize. scientists to link the Clovis culture to Native
(B) They were considered wealthy at that Americans throughout the Western Hemi-
time. sphere.
(C) They wanted their research to be used Construction crews first discovered the
freely. ancient remains of an infant in 1968 on
(D) They were already famous. private property owned by the Anzick family
(E) Becquerel had already patented their in western Montana. Dubbed Anzick-1, the
discoveries. one-year-old boy is the only human skeleton
that has been identified as a member of the
06. The phrase “the pure metal” (paragraph 1) widespread, sophisticated Ice-Age culture
refers to … known as Clovis. Now, a team of scientists
(A) uranium. has succeeded in mapping the infant‟s DNA,
(B) radiation. in the oldest genome sequence of an Ameri-
(C) thorium. can individual ever performed. According to
(D) radium. their findings, published in the journal Na-
(E) polonium. ture in February 2014, the Clovis people are
direct ancestors of many Native Americans
07. From the text we know the following, now living in North America, and can be
EXCEPT … linked to many native peoples in Central and
(A) A research of the Curies was based on a South American as well.
Becquerel‟s research. Up to this point, all scientists studying
(B) Marie Curie passed away after Pierre the Clovis culture had to go on where the
Curie had passed away.
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stone and bone tools have been found at ancestors of Central and South
sites ranging from Washington State to Flor- American tribes.
ida, along with many states in between. By The scientists studying Anzick-1 have
sequencing the genome of the infant recov- worked closely with Native American tribes
e re d a t the A nzick site, the in Montana, sharing the results of the
international team of researchers gained the study with them and ensuring that the
most vivid insight yet about who these remains were treated appropriately. The
people might actually have been. They infant will be reburied later this year, on the
compared the DNA of the Clovis infant to same property from which he was
several different genomes, including a 24,000 unearthed. For their part, the tribes have
-year-old sample from a young man buried shown little surprise at the scientists‟
on the banks of Lake Baikal in Siberia, a conclusions. Shane Doyle, a professor of
7,000-year-old sample from Spain and a Native American History at Montana State
4,000-year-old sample from Greenland. The University and co-author on the study, is
Clovis DNA showed the most similarity with also a member of the Crow tribe. As he
that of the Siberian youth, whom scientists told NBC News, after conversations with
genetically linked with today‟s Native Ameri- more than 100 tribe members, the main
cans late last year. reaction was “We have no reason to doubt
The new study adds to existing that we‟ve been here for this long.”
archeological evidence that Native American
descended from humans who migrated to 09. What was Clovis?
North America from Asia through Siberia (A) a widespread. sophisticated Ice Age
around 15,000 years ago. They are believed culture in North America.
to have made the voyage across the Bering (B) a culture that existed in Greenland
land bridge, which connected Asia with about 4.000 years ago.
North America during the last Ice Age. (C) a culture that flourished in Spain and
According to archeologist Michael Waters of France during the Ice Age.
Texas A&M University, a member of the (D) a culture that gave rise to Central and
team who conducted the new study, the South American tribes.
genetic evidence “strongly suggests that (E) a skeleton found in Montana.
there was a single migration of people into
the Americas … [T]hese people were 10. The text describes a possible sequence of
probably the people who eventually gave rise human descent. At the end of the sequence
to Clovis.” are Native Americans. What people are at
Such evidence casts doubt on other the beginning of the sequence?
theories arguing that Clovis‟ ancestors came
(A) People who migrated from Asia to
from Europe, rather than Asia. Such
North America about 15,000 years ago.
hypotheses rely partially on the fact that the
(B) Tribes living in Central and South
“Clovis points” found on their tools and
America today.
weapons are so similar to the flint tools used
(C) People who were living in Greenland
by the Solutrean culture, which flourished in
about 4,000 years ago.
Spain and France during the Ice Age.
(D) People who were living in Spain about
While Anzick-1 showed the most genetic
7.000 years ago.
similarities with Native Americans in North
(E) The Crow Tribe.
America, the study also revealed ties with the
indigenous peoples of Central and South
11. The Clovis people descended from
America. The team‟s data indicates that
humans who migrated to North America
sometime between 13,000 and 24,000 years
from Asia through Siberia around 15,000
ago, the same ancient people that arrived
years ago.
from Asia split into two lineages: One gave
rise to Clovis and today‟s Native Americans What evidence supports this theory?
of North America, and the other became the

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(A) the similarity between DNA of a (D) the similarity between the tools of the
Clovis infant and the DNA of a Clovis people and the tools of people
member of the Crow tribe. in Greenland.
(B) the similarity between the DNA of a (E) the similarity between the tools of the
Clovis infant and the DNA of a person Clovis people and tools of people in
from Iceland who lived 4,000 years the Crow tribe.
ago.
(C) the similarity between the DNA of a 14. Read this sentence from the text.
Clovis infant and the DNA of a person „According to their findings, published this
from Spain who lived 7,000 years ago. week in the journal Nature, the Clovis
(D) the similarity between the DNA of a people are direct ancestors of many Native
Clovis infant and the DNA of a Americans now living in North America.
Siberian youth who lived 24,000 years and can be linked to many native peoples in
ago. Central and South America as well.‟
(E) the similarity between the DNA of a
What does the author mean by writing that
Clovis infant and the DNA of all
the Clovis can be linked to many native
European people.
peoples in Central and South America?
12. What is the main idea of the passage? (A) The author means that many native
peoples in Central and South America
(A) Construction crews discovered the
could communicate with the Clovis
ancient remains of an infant in 1968 in
people.
western Montana.
(B) The author means that many native
(B) Similarities exist between the tools of
peoples in Central and South America
the Clovis people and the tools used
are related to the Clovis people.
by members of the Solutrean culture.
(C) The author means that the Clovis
(C) DNA analysis of an ancient infant‟s
people used the same technology as
remains has allowed scientists to link
many native peoples in Central and
the Clovis culture to Native
South America.
Americans.
(D) The author means that the Clovis
(D) Scientists studying the remains of an
people got along well with many native
ancient infant worked closely with
peoples in Central and South America.
Native American tribes in Montana to
(E) The author means that the Clovis
ensure that the remains were treated
people went to war with many native
appropriately.
peoples in Central South America.
(E) DNA analysis of an ancient infant‟s
remains has been approved by
15. Read these sentences from the text.
scientists.
„While Anzick-1 showed the most genetic
13. The Clovis people descended from humans similarities with Native Americans in North
living in Europe. America. the study also revealed ties with
the indigenous peoples of Central and
What evidence supports this theory?
South America. The team‟s data indicates
(A) the similarity between the tools of the that sometime between 13.000 and 24,000
Clovis people and the tools of people years ago, the same ancient people that
in Siberia. arrived from Asia split into two lineages:
(B) the similarity between the tools of the One gave rise to Clovis and today‟s Native
Clovis people and the tools of people Americans of North America, and the
in Montana. other became the ancestors of Central and
(C) the similarity between the tools of the South American tribes.‟
Clovis people and the tools of people
What word could bet replace While in the
in France and Spain.
first sentence?

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(A) Currently.
(B) Although.
(C) Consequently.
(D) Finally.
(E) If.

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