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VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE

SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203

DEPARTMENT OF
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
M.E (PSE)

QUESTION BANK

III SEMESTER

PX7301-Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems

Regulation – 2013

Academic Year 2017-18 (ODD)

Prepared by

Dr.R.KARTHIK, Associate Professor/EEE


VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203.

DEPARTMENT OF EEE

QUESTION BANK
SUBJECT : PX7301-Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Systems

SEM / YEAR: III / 2017-18 (Odd)

UNIT I - INTRODUCTION
Environmental aspects of electric energy conversion: impacts of renewable energy generation
on environment (cost-GHG Emission) - Qualitative study of different renewable energy
resources ocean, Biomass, Hydrogen energy systems : operating principles and characteristics
of: Solar PV, Fuel cells, wind electrical systems-control strategy, operating area.

PART - A
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Give any two environmental aspects of electric energy BT-2 Understand
conversation
2. List out the major factors influencing the amount of BT-1 Remember
GHG emissions
3. List various renewable energy resources BT-1 Remember
4. Summarize the significance of renewable energy BT-6 Create
5. Discriminate spring and neap tides BT-5 Evaluate
6. Explain the principle of power generation using tides BT-3 Apply
7. List the limitations of Tidal energy BT-1 Remember
8. Compose various ocean tidal energy conversion schemes BT-6 Create
9. Discuss
availableabout anaerobic digestion? And its advantages BT-2 Understand
10. Discuss how to use hydrogen energy to generate electric BT-2 Understand
power
11. Identify the problems associated with tapping solar BT-1 Remember
energy
12. Summarize the factors influencing solar power extraction BT-5 Evaluate
13. Identify the limitation of solar power BT-1 Remember
14. Explain about NOCT and STC of a solar cell BT-4 Analyze
15. Discuss about fuel cell and mention its specification BT-2 Understand
16. What is SOFC? State its limitations BT-3 Apply
17. Classify the types of fuel cell BT-3 Apply
18. Point out the impact of wind power penetration in power BT-4 Analyze
grid
19. Explain how to assess the wind energy pattern for a BT-4 Analyze
particular location
20. List the wind turbine used for domestic application BT-1 Remember
PART - B
1. Discuss the impact of renewable energy generation on BT-2 Understand
environment. (13)

2. Discuss the influence of different renewable energy BT-2 Understand


sources with special reference to the global warming and
climate change content.(13)
3. Describe various biomass energy conversion techniques. BT-1 Remember
(13)
4. Compare the power extraction aspects of solar PV BT-4 Analyze
system with wind energy system. (13)
5. Describe the consequences of greenhouse effect (6) BT-1 Remember

Describe the prospects of ocean and biomass energy (7)


6. How does environment get affected by the use of the BT-2 Understand
renewable energy? And also discuss GHG emissions
from the various energy sources. (13)

7. Explain the working principle of various types of BT-4 Analyze


concentrating solar collectors with neat sketch. (13)
8. Show various types of wave energy conversion device BT-3 Apply
and explain how to generate electrical power from
9. Describe the principle of generation of Bio gas and
waves. (13) BT-1 Remember
mention the factors affecting its generation. (13)
10. Describe the operation and control strategy of solar BT-1 Remember
power conversion systems. (13)
11. What are the different types of fuel cells? Explain them BT-6 Create
12. with neat the
(i)Show diagrams (13) types of ocean thermal energy
different BT-3 Apply
conversion power plants? (6)
13. What is Hydrogen energy? Explain the(BTL-3)
operation of BT-5 Evaluate
Hydrogen energy system with a neat schematic. (13)
14. (ii)Illustrate in detail the
Explain the following Anderson
with OTEC cycle.(7)
neat schematic. BT-4 Analyze
i)Wind energy conversion system(7)
ii)Energy from the Ocean(6)
PART C

(i) Brief explain about some of the renewable energy BT-5 Evaluate
1 sources.(5)

(ii)Show how a dc-dc converter can be used as a part of


an inverter designed to have a square wave output of
48V with a 12V dc input. The idea is to design the
inverter without a transformer. Sketch a block diagram,
showing design components to clearly express your
design.(10)
Two 36 cell PV modules are connected in series. One is BT-6 Create
2 shaded and one is fully illuminated, Assume ideal IV
characteristics for the module

(i) If the output of the two series module is shorted,


Formulate the power dissipated in the shaded module.
(ii) If the two modules are equipped with bypass diodes
across each 12 series cells, Formulate the power
dissipated in the shaded module
Explain
3 briefly the influence of different renewable BT-6 Create
3 energy sources with special reference to the global
warming context.(15)
Compare the environmental aspects of renewable and BT-5 Evaluate
4 non-renewable energy conversion system
UNIT II - ELECTRICAL MACHINES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY CONVERSION
Review of reference theory fundamentals-principle of operation and analysis: IG, PMSG,
SCIG and DFIG
PART - A
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Define reference theory BT-1 Remember
2. Explain the principle of operation of induction generators BT-1 Remember
3. Distinguish induction generator and synchronous BT-2 Understand
generator
4. Show the merits of squirrel cage induction generators for BT-6 Create
wind energy conversion
5. Define Clarke transformation BT-5 Evaluate
6. Define Park transformation BT-3 Apply
7. Summarize the significance of induction generator based BT-2 Understand
wind power generation
8. Why are induction generators preferred over dc BT-6 Create
generators in WECS
9. Give the advantages of IG used in WECS? BT-1 Remember
10. Label slip-torque characteristics of induction generator BT-2 Understand
11. Illustrate the principle of PMSG BT-1 Remember
12. Show the merits of PMSG for WECS? BT-5 Evaluate
13. Express the steady state equation of a PMSG BT-1 Remember
14. Draw the equivalent circuit model of a PMSG BT-4 Analyze
15. Label the slip-torque characteristics of PMSG BT-2 Understand
16. Differentiate between synchronous generator and PMSG BT-3 Apply
17. Compose the characteristics of SCIG BT-3 Apply
18. Explain DFIG BT-4 Analyze
19. Compose the characteristics of DFIG BT-4 Analyze
20. Differentiate between SCIG and DFIG BT-1 Remember
PART - B
1. Define reference theory and also explain about the BT-2 Understand
fundamentals of reference theory (13)
2. Describe the following BT-2 Understand
i. Clarks Transformation (6)
ii. Parks Transformation (7)
3. (i) Explain construction, principle of working and BT-4 Remember
characteristics of IG with neat sketches (8)
(ii) Analyze the merits and demerits of the above (5)
4. (i)Explain with a neat diagram the operation of an BT-4 Analyze
induction generator (7)
(ii)Compose the merits and demerits of mains excited
and capacitor excited induction generator (6)
5. Show the principle and operation of induction generator BT-1 Remember
for wind energy conversion system. (13)
6. Explain the analysis of Induction Generator used for BT-2 Understand
Wind Energy Conversion System
7. Explain machine capacity factor and capacity utilization BT-4 Analyze
factor. Explain the principle of operation of double
output induction generator system with neat diagram.
8. Explain about PMSG based wind energy conversion BT-3 Apply
system in detail. Also discuss its advantages and
operating issues
9. With the neat diagram, Show the principle and operation BT-1 Remember
of PMSG and analyse in detail. (13)
10. (i)Draw the schematic of Double fed Induction generator BT-2 Understand
and explain its construction and principle of operation in
detail. Discuss its characteristics and limitations briefly
(7)
(ii)Draw and describe the characteristics of DFIG. (6)
11. (i)Discuss the principle and construction of SCIG.(7) BT-6 Create

(ii)Discuss the operation of SCIG in details with proper


analysis.(6)
12. Discuss about DFIG based energy conversion system. BT-3 Apply
(13)
13. Describe the principle of operation of DFIG with neat BT-5 Evaluate
diagram used for renewable energy conversion. (13)
14. (i)Compose briefly construction, principle of working of BT-4 Analyze
SCIG with neat sketches. (7)
(ii)Draw and explain the characteristics of SCIG(6)
PART C

Draw the circuit model of self-excited induction BT-5 Evaluate


1 generator and explain the methods used for steady state
analysis (15)
Draw the circuit model of PMSG and explain the BT-6 Create
2 methods used for steady state analysis. (15)
(i)Explain
3 the characteristics of SCIG? (6) BT-6 Create
3 (ii)What is the characteristics of SCIG used for
renewable energy conversion? Explain it.(9)
Explain DFIG based wind power generation. Illustrate BT-5 Evaluate
4 the independent dq control strategy adopted for dq
control. (15)
UNIT III- POWER CONVERTERS
Solar: Block diagram of solar photo voltaic system: line commutated converters (inversion-
mode) - Boost and buck-boost converters- selection Of inverter, battery sizing, array sizing.
Wind: three phase AC voltage controllers- AC-DC-AC converters: uncontrolled rectifiers,
PWM Inverters, Grid Interactive Inverters-matrix converters
PART - A
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Label the block diagram of solar photovoltaic system BT-2 Understand
2. Discuss line commutated converters? Draw the BT-1 Remember
schematic diagram
3. Explain inversion mode of operation of line commutated BT-1 Remember
inverter
4. List the advantages of dc link inverters BT-6 Create
5. Summarize the role of capacitor and the minimum value BT-5 Evaluate
required for the boost converter
6. Generalize the significance of buck boost converter BT-3 Apply
7. Give the schematic diagram of buck boost converter BT-1 Remember
8. List the advantages of boost and buck converter BT-6 Create
9. Discuss about battery sizing BT-2 Understand
10. What are the factors to be considered for the selection of BT-2 Understand
batteries for solar energy conversion system
11. Define array sizing BT-1 Remember
12. Show the delicacies involved in sizing the solar arrays BT-5 Evaluate
13. Identify the factors to be considered for the selection of BT-1 Remember
inverter and batteries for solar energy conversion
14. Identify limitations of AC voltage controller BT-4 Analyze
15. Give the advantages of uncontrolled rectifier? BT-2 Understand
16. Show the advantages of dc link inverters? BT-3 Apply
17. What is grid interactive inverter? State its significance BT-3 Apply
18. Explain matrix converters. Compose its merits. BT-4 Analyze
19. Show the limitations in the operation of matrix converter BT-4 Analyze
20. Explain where are matrix converters can be used. BT-1 Remember
PART - B
1. Draw the block diagram of the solar PV system and BT-2 Understand
describe the principle of operation in detail. (13)

2. Draw and compose the converter topologies used for BT-2 Understand
solar power generation. (13)

3. Explain the converters used for solar energy conversion BT-1 Remember
4. (i)Explain with neat diagram the philosophy of operation BT-4 Analyze
of a solar source fed boost converter.(7)
(ii) Point out the delicacies involved in sizing the solar
arrays.(6)
5. Describe the operation of line commutated converter BT-1 Remember
under inversion mode with the help of a neat circuit
diagram and necessary waveforms. (13)
6. Draw the schematic diagram of Buck-Boost converter BT-2 Understand
and explain the operation in detail. (13)
7. Describe the following in detail: BT-4 Analyze
i. AC voltage controller (7)
ii.Voltage control in PWM inverters.(6)
8. (i)Explain the working of AC-DC-AC converter with BT-3 Apply
circuit and wave form for wind energy conversion.(7)
(ii) Analyze the principle of working of buck-boost
converter with time ratio and current limit control. Draw
the circuit and necessary waveforms.(6)
9. Discuss the following BT-1 Remember
(i)Selection of inverters(5)
(ii)Battery sizing(4)
(iii)Array sizing(4)
10. (i)Discuss the three phase uncontrolled rectifiers in BT-1 Remember
details (7)
(ii)Give short notes on PWM inverters. (6)
11. (i)Describe the principle and operation of line BT-6 Create
commutated converters in inverse mode.(7)
(ii)Describe principle of operation of PWM inverter and
describe how it is used for wind energy conversion(6)
12. Describe the grid interactive inverters in detail. (13) BT-3 Apply

13. (i)Explain the space vector PWM technique to control 3 BT-5 Evaluate
–phase inverter with neat schematic diagrams.(5)
(ii)A single phase fully controlled converter is used for
obtaining a regulated DC output voltage. The RMS value
of the AC input voltage is 230 V and the firing angle is
maintained at 600 so that the load current is 4 A.
i) Calculate the DC output voltage and active and
reactive power input
ii) Calculate the above quantities if a freewheeling diode
is used at the output. The firing angle is maintained at
600 assuming the same load with resistance (8)

14. Illustrate the working and operation of a matrix converter BT-4 Analyze
with a neat diagram. (13)
PART C
Consider a buck boost converter of input voltage BT-5 Evaluate
1 Edc=14V. The duty cycle α=0.6 and the switching
frequency is 25kHZ. The inductance L=180µH and the
filter capacitance C=220µF. The average load current
Io=1.5A. Formulate the average output voltage and peak
current of the device. (15)
A single phase full bridge inverter has a resistive load of BT-6 Create
2 R=3Ω and the DC input voltage is Edc=50V. Formulate
the RMS output voltage at the fundamental frequency,
the output power, the average and peak currents of each
thyristor and peak reverse blocking voltage of each
thyristor
Explain
3 about various aspects of grid interactive BT-6 Create
3 inverters.
Design and implement a suitable converter for a 20 kW BT-5 Evaluate
4 wind turbine generator. The converter should consists of
a phase controlled rectifier and a DC/DC boost
converter. Assume suitable data and components
necessary for design and implementation
UNIT IV - ANALYSIS OF WIND AND PV SYSTEMS
Stand alone operation of fixed and variable speed wind energy conversion systems and
solar system-Grid connection Issues -Grid integrated PMSG and SCIG Based WECS Grid
Integrated solar system
PART - A
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Discuss fault ride through capability BT-2 Understand
2. Define energy payback period? BT-1 Remember
3. Label the basic block diagram of WECS BT-1 Remember
4. Illustrate about opti slip concept used in wind energy BT-6 Create
conversion system
5. Why pitch angle control is used for WECS? Justify BT-5 Evaluate
6. Discuss stand-alone operation of fixed speed WECS? BT-3 Apply
State its advantages
7. Generalize the limitations of fixed speed induction BT-1 Remember
generator based wind power conversion
8. Differentiate between fixed and variable speed wind BT-6 Create
energy conversion systems
9. Summarize the impact of high penetration of wind power BT-2 Understand
in to power grid?
10. Discuss some of the standards used for grid integration BT-2 Understand

11. List few grid connection requirement of renewable BT-1 Remember


power system
12. What are the issues in connecting the renewable energy BT-5 Evaluate
systems to the grid?
13. Show how the power quality issues that affect wind BT-1 Remember
power integration
14. Point out the major problems related with grid BT-4 Analyze
interconnections of WECS?
15. Label the schematic diagram grid integrated PMSG BT-2 Understand
based WECS. Also mention its demerits
16. Point out the issues created in grid integrated PMSG BT-3 Apply
based WECS
17. Show the schematic diagram of grid integrated SCIG BT-3 Apply
based WECS
18. Define grid integrated solar system BT-4 Analyze
19. Point out the problems in grid integrated solar system BT-4 Analyze
20. What will happen if no load is connected to a solar PV BT-1 Remember
system
PART - B
1. Describe the power conditioning schemes used in WECS BT-2 Understand
(13)
2. Explain the following BT-2 Understand
(i)Fixed speed wind energy conversion system.(5)
(ii)Variable speed wind energy conversion system.(5)
(iii) State the advantages of fixed speed system over
variable speed systems.(3)
3. Explain stand alone operation of fixed and variable speed BT-1 Remember
solar energy conversion system
4. Draw and discuss the operation of grid integrated PMSG BT-4 Analyze
system with a neat block diagram. Also discuss its
limitations with regard to implementation and operation

5. (i)Explain with the help of a neat block diagram the BT-1 Remember
functions of various blocks of a WECS. (7)
(ii)A HAWT is installed at a location having free wind
velocity of 15m/s. The 80m diameter rotor has three
blades attached to the hub. Calculate the rotational speed
of the turbine for optimal energy extraction
6. Show the various grid connected issues and its impact on BT-2 Understand
system stability. (13)
7. (i)Show the working and operation of PMSG with neat BT-4 Analyze
diagram. (7)
(ii)Draw and explain the characteristics of DFIG. (6)
8. Discuss on Grid integrated PMSG operation with a neat BT-3 Apply
diagram. (13)
9. Describe about SCIG based WECS. BT-1 Remember
10. Compose a short notes on grid integrated solar system. BT-1 Remember
(13)
11. Describe stand alone operation of wind energy BT-6 Create
conversion system. (13)
12. Describe stand alone operation of solar energy BT-3 Apply
conversion system. (13)
13. Discuss in detail the grid system characteristics and BT-5 Evaluate
explain with a neat diagram the stand alone and grid
integrated solar system. (13)
14. Explain about grid integrated PMSG based WECS. (13) BT-4 Analyze
PART C
Explain the grid related problems in wind farms and refer BT-5 Evaluate
1 the performance improvements of generator controls.
Explain with an example how to control the harmonics BT-6 Create
2 and improve the power quality when solar PV connected
to the grid
(i)Explain
3 with the aid of a diagram the operation of a BT-6 Create
3 grid integrated solar photo voltaic system(8)
ii) Explain how the isolation and temperature affects the
I-V characteristics of a solar cell. (7)
Summarize the concepts of Grid Integrated solar system BT-5 Evaluate
4 and the grid Related problems. Explain with a case study.
UNIT V - HYBRID RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS
Need for Hybrid Systems- Range and type of Hybrid systems- Case studies of Wind-PV
Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).
PART - A
Q.No Questions BT Level Competence
1. Define hybrid systems BT-2 Understand
2. Compose the need for hybrid energy systems BT-1 Remember
3. Explain the range of hybrid systems BT-1 Remember
4. Summarize the benefits of the hybrid energy systems BT-6 Create
5. List out some of the hybrid systems used in industries BT-5 Evaluate
6. Classify the types of hybrid system with range BT-3 Apply
7. Point out the merits of wind-diesel hybrid system BT-1 Remember
8. Label the schematic diagram of PV-Diesel hybrid system BT-6 Create
9. What are the advantages of PV-Diesel hybrid system? BT-2 Understand
10. Define charge controller used for wind energy BT-2 Understand
11. conversion system
Explain MPPT BT-1 Remember
12. What is the necessity of Maximum power point tracking BT-5 Evaluate
in PV system
13. What will happen if no load is connected to a solar PV BT-1 Remember
system
14. List the merits of Hybrid RES over the isolated RES BT-4 Analyze
15. Give the applications of solar PV system BT-2 Understand
16. Label the schematic diagram of grid interactive solar PV BT-3 Apply
system
17. Discuss the significance of MPPT BT-3 Apply
18. Summarize the importance of MPPT in the operation of a BT-4 Analyze
photo voltaic system
19. Discuss the major features of hybrid system BT-4 Analyze
20. Classify the types of pumps used for solar water BT-1 Remember
pumping applications
PART - B
1. Enlighten the need and advantages of hybrid renewable BT-2 Understand
energy systems. Also explain the operation of Wind-PV
hybrid systems with neat diagrams in details
2. Explain the design aspects of hybrid renewable energy BT-2 Understand
systems
3. Define hybrid system? Discuss the need for hybrid BT-1 Remember
system and its range and type
4. Explain MPPT techniques for WECS BT-4 Analyze
5. (i)Summarize the importance of MPPT in the operation BT-1 Remember
of a photovoltaic system.(7)
(ii)Explain various strategies used for the operation of an
MPPT
6. Explain the incremental–conductance based power point BT-2 Understand
Tracking algorithm with a suitable illustration. (13)
7. Show briefly the maximum power point tracking system. BT-4 Analyze
(13)
8. Discuss and classify the working of MPPT in a solar PV BT-3 Apply
system. (13)
9. Discuss with case study how to get maximum power BT-1 Remember
generation in wind energy conversion system. (13)
10. Show with case study how to get maximum power BT-1 Remember
generation in solar energy conversion system. (13)
11. With a neat sketch, describe the operation of PV-Diesel BT-6 Create
hybrid system. (13)
12. Draw and describe the operation of Wind-PV hybrid BT-3 Apply
system. (13)
13. Describe the case studies of wind. (13) BT-5 Evaluate

14. Design solar PV pump and clearly explain the BT-4 Analyze
accessories required. Also justify the importance of
implementing MPT for the pump system. (13)
PART C
Explain the methods to integrate hybrid solar PV and BT-5 Evaluate
1 wind energy conversion system to the grid with neat
block diagram. .(15)
Design a converter to interface a PV module to the grid BT-6 Create
2 and extract the maximum power from it (15)
Is3wind energy an excellent supplement to the PV? IF so BT-6 Create
3 justify with a suitable case study (15)
What is MPPT? Discuss the types of MPPT with its BT-5 Evaluate
4 merits and demerits? Explain the incremental conduction
Algorithm with a neat example.