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DESIGN OF POST TENSIONED PRESTRESSED CONCRETE T-BEAM SLAB BRIDGEDECK

1 Data
effective span 20 m
width of road 12.5 m
kerb 600 mm
footpath 1.5 m
thickness of wearing coat 80 mm
live load IRC AA tracked vehicle
deck slab grade of concrete 40 Mpa
prestressed concrete girder concrete 40 MPa
cube strength at transfer 30 MPa
loss ratio 0.85
spacing of cross girder 5m
reinforcement grade 415 N/mm2
7 ply HT strand dia 15.2 mm
class 1
2 Permissible stresses
σcb 6.7 N/mm2
σst 200 N/mm2
m 10
Q 0.762
j 0.906
for M 50 grade concrete
fck 40 N/mm2
fci 40 N/mm2
fct= 0.45 fci 18 N/mm2
fcw=0.33 fck 13.2 N/mm2
ftt=ftw for class 1 structure 0 N/mm2
modulus of elasticity in girders Ec=5000 SQR(fck) 31623 N/mm2
32 kN/mm2
3 cross section of deck

dist between girders 2m


thickness of deck slab 250 mm
kerb depth 300 mm
cross girder spacing 5m

4 Design of interior slab panel


a bending moments
dead wt of slab 6 kN/mm2
dead wt of wearing coat 1.76 kN/mm2
total 7.76 kN/mm2

B 2m
L 5m

u=0.85+2*WC thk 1.01


v=3.6+2*WC thk 3.76
u/B 0.505
v/L 0.752
K=B/L 0.4
referring to Pigeaud's curves
m1 0.09
m2 0.02
MB=W(m1+.015m2) 32.55 kNm
as the slab is continuous design BM =0.8 MB
design bending moment considering impact and continuity factor is given by
MB short span=1.25x0.8xMB 32.55 kNm
ML=W(m2+.15m1) 11.725 kNm
ML long span=1.25x0.8xML 11.725 kNm
b shear forces
dispertion in the direction of span
0.85+2x(0.08+0.25) 1.51 m
for maximum shear load iis kept such that the whole dispersion is in the span

the load is kept at half of dispersion from edge 0.755 m


effective width of slab =kx(1-(x/L)+bw
breadth of cross girder 200 m
clear lenth of panel 4.8 m
clear width of panel 1.8 m
B/L 2.67
from table above value of k is 2.6
effective width of the slab 4.90 m
load per m width 71.43 kN
shear force per m width 41.47 kN
shear force with impact 51.84 kN

c Dead load bending moments and shear forces


dead load 7.76 kN/m2
total load on panel 77.6 kN
u/B and v/L are 1 as panel is loaded with a udl
k=B=L 0.4
1/k 2.5

m1 0.047
m2 0.01
MB 3.76 kNm
ML 1.32 kNm
design BM including continuity factor
MB 3.01 kNm
ML 1.06 kNm
dead load shear force 6.984 kN

d Design moments and shear forces


total MB 35.56 kNm
total ML 12.78 kNm
e Design of slab
effective depth 216.03 mm
adopt 230 mm
Ast 853.27 mm2
long span 322.14 mm2
min reinf 0.15 percent 375 mm2
f check for shear stress

5 Design of longitudinal girder

properties of main girder

A 730000 mm2
yt 750 mm
yb 1050
I 292400000000
Zt 389866666.67 mm3
Zb 278476190.48
i check for minimum section modulus
fck 40 N/mm2
fct 18 N/mm2
fci 40 N/mm2
ftt=ftw 0 N/mm2
fcw 13.2 N/mm2
loss ratio 0.85
fbr 15.3 N/mm2
ftr 13.2 N/mm2

Mg 4261 kNm
Mq 2074 kNm
Md 6335 kNm
finf 26.763 N/mm2
Zb 177330065.36
section is adequate

j Prestressing force
allowing for two rows of cables cover required 200 mm
maximum eccentricity 850 mm

P 6052 kN
force in each cable 1460 kN
no of cable 4.1
provide 5
area of each strand 140 mm2
no of strand 7
area of all strands in each cable 980 mm2
area of strands in all cables 4900 mm2
k permissible tendon zone
at the support section

446.77 mm

-242.92
6 check for stresses
for the centre of span section
P 6052
e 850
A 730000
Zb 278476190
Zt 389866667
h 0.85
Mg 4261
Mq 2074
P/A 8.29
P e/Zt 13.19
P e/Zb 18.47
Mg/Zt 10.93
Mg/Zb 15.30
Mq/Zt 5.32
Mq/Zb 7.45

6.025

11.46

12.08

0.000

7 check for ultimate flexural strength


for the centre of span section
Ap 4900 mm2
b 1000 mm
d 1200 mm
bw 200 mm
fck 40 N/mm2
fp 1862 N/mm2
Df 250 mm

11576.5 kNm

9853704000 kNm

1361493333.3

1933.40
Apw 2966.60

0.58

fpu 1506.54 N/mm2

xu 516 mm

9232079774
9232.1 kNm

8 check for ultimate shear strength

Vg 561
Vq 427
Vu 1909

width of web= bw
overall depth of girder= h
max principal tensile stress at centroid =ft
1.5178932769

7.0469052096 N/mm2

eccentricity of cables at the centre of span 850


eccentricity of cables at the support 180
net eccentricity e 670

0.134
Vcw 1307587.9699
1307.6 kN
shear resistance required 1909
shear capacity of section 1307.6
balance shear 601.4 kN
use bars 10 mm
grade of steel 415

127.24 mm

9 supplementary reinforcements
10 Design of end block

11 cross girders
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