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Institute of Agriculture and Animal science

Department of Agronomy

Survey’s Report

Submitted to
Madhav Neupane
IAAS,Lamjung Campus

Submitted By:
Sabin Devkota
Roll no:66
Survey’s Report
Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use
pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. Organic production is a holistic
system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the agro-ecosystem, including
soil organisms, plants, livestock and people.

Organic agriculture is practiced in 172 countries, and 43.7 million hectares of agricultural land are managed organically
by approximately 2.3 million farmers. The global sales of organic food and drink reached 80 billion US dollars in 2014.
The farm production system in Nepal is highly integrated and interlinked, and is characterized by subsistence farming.
The majority of the farming communities have extremely small landholdings of less than 0.5 ha. Farming in Nepal has
always been based on production techniques that are healthy and promote healthy existence of inter-related elements
of the ecosystem – soil, plants, animals and people. Synthetically produced fertilizers and pesticides have hardly been
used or never been used in the case of some hill areas in Nepal. The advent of commercialization of agriculture has
exacerbated environmental problems and to top it up climate change is affecting communities who already have limited
options for coping with adverse weather conditions. Therefore, farmers are now exploring farming systems that can
help to produce more from the available land, water and labor resources without either ecological or social harm, and
increase their resilience to climate change. Organic agriculture represents one such potential area that is gaining
momentum in economic, health and environmental aspects.
There is growing trend among urbanites for organic products, especially vegetables. An increase in purchasing power,
education and awareness about health and quality of organic foods and the willingness to pay for healthy foods among
consumers have increased the demand for organically cultivated vegetables in urban areas. This has also resulted in
a vague mechanism of organic pricing and premiums although there is no established framework for organic product
pricing. Market practices of organic agriculture in Nepal show individual farmers, entrepreneurs and cooperatives that
are taking the practice forward as a remunerative enterprise. Currently there are also many private companies like
Organic village, Kheti bazaar, Organic World and Fair Future working in partnership with local farmers and bringing
organic products from different parts of the country to the Kathmandu Valley. In addition, many organic shops specially
targeting the elite society and tourists are increasing in Kathmandu and Pokhara. Organic agriculture combines
tradition, innovation and science to benefit the share environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of
life for all involved.” It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost, manures, green manure and bone meal
and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control, mixed
cropping and fostering of insect predators are encouraged.

Firstly, our group from roll no 61-70 went to Sundarbazar-7 municipality for surveying on organic agriculture related
status in this ward. We visited 10 different households and filled the questionnaire.

Result and conclusion:

On surveying, we found almost similar situation in most of the households. FYM is the main source of manure Almost
all houses have biogas plant. People of this locality was found to be unknown about the bio pesticides, biological
control of pest and its application in the organic agriculture. After our visit we came to know that most of the farmers of
this ward are deprived of the facilities given by government like subsidies on breed, fertilizers etc. Though, it is rural
area we found that nowadays the use of traditional seed varieties is being replaced by hybrid seed varieties. The most
important thing that we observed during our survey is that people are using improved variety which is more responsive
to fertilizer rather than FYM or compost. We found that people are giving more priority to urea for increasing the
production, not aware of the other. We also found that people are seeking for alternative of pesticidal source because
of its bad impact on health but are not able to replace it. People are to be informed and provided with the training and
practical demonstration for better result.

People hesitate in adopting this organic agriculture as of lengthy certification process and unreliability and
unavailability of organic input for adopting it.

People realized the effect of climate change in their day to day life.

People solely incorporate cowpea and maize as intercrop.

People are mostly dealing with subsistence farming in this area.

Instead of using fertilizers haphazardly they should be used on soil test basis.
Proper management of farm yard manure should be done.
As mono-cropping pattern is prevailed in this area, the practice of multi as well as inter cropping must be practiced.
Proper utilization of the locally available natural resources I.e Neem, Titepati, Asuro, Bakaino, etc as bio-pesticides.

Farmer: Santosh Mishra

Contact no:9846560198