Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 34

AprU 2005 edition

Effective from July 2005

STAN DARDS
for
Conversions and renovations
INTRODUCTION
Conversions and Renovations

CONTENTS Clause Page


INTRODUCTION 1

Technical Requirements Ri — R6 3

Procedural flowchart 6
Survey of existing building Cl 7

Design Standard C2 7
Completed work C3 7
Building Regulations C4 8
Insured guarantees/warranties CS 8
Wood rot and beetle infestation C6 8
Vermin and pest infestation C7 9
Foundations C8 9
Basements and structural
waterproofing (tanking) C9 10

Drainage below ground ClO 11

Groundfloors Cli 11

Walls C12—C15 12
Chimneys and flues C16 16
Upper floors C17&C18 16
Staircases, stairways and landings C19 17
Pitched roofs C20 17
Flat roofs and balconies C21 18

Roof drainage C22 19

Framed buildings C23 & C24 19


Doors, windows and glazing C25 20
ioinery C26 20
Floor, wall and ceiling finishes C27 21
Services C28 — C33 21
Painting and decorating C34 22
External works C35 — C39 22
Provision of information C40 & C41 23

APPENDIX A
Useful contacts and relevant publications 24

APPENDIX B
Survey(s) of existing buildings 26

introduction NHBC Standards for conversions and Renovations


Effective: July 2005 April 2005 edition
INTRODUCTION
Conversions and Renovations L
PURPOSE TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
The Standards for Conversions and Renovations The Technical Requirements are printed in red.
provide guidance on the type of project that will They are mandatory and MUST be met by
be acceptable to NHBC, the scope of the survey(s) the builder.
and work that will be required.
Technical Requirements Ri to R5 inclusive
are the same as those in the NHBC Standards
Chapter 1.1 'Introduction to the Standards and
WHAT ARE 'CONVERSIONS Technical Requirements'.
AND RENOVATIONS'? Technical Requirement R6 relates specifically
to the Standards for Conversions
Conversions and renovations are projects that and Renovations.
involve work to existing buildings or parts of
existing buildings. Examples include:
• the conversion of industrial or commercial PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
buildings into housing
The Performance Standards are printed in dark blue
• the conversion of an existing residential building and will assist builders in meeting the Technical
into flats
Requirements, By meeting each Performance
• the addition of an additional storey to an Standard the Technical Requirement will be met.
existing building Alternative standards of performance will be
• the renovation of an existing residential building. acceptable ONLY if, in the opinion of NHBC,
the Technical Requirements are met and the
standard achieved is not lower than the stated
Performance Standard,
WHICH STANDARDS APPLY?
New work that forms part of the conversion or
renovation should be carried out in accordance GUIDANCE
with the NHBC Standards.
Guidance on how the Performance Standard may be
Other conversion or renovation work should be met is printed in light blue.
carried out in accordance with these Standards for
Conversions and Renovations. Guidance is based on normal construction procedures
and recommended practices that have been shown to
The Standards for Conversions and Renovations be satisfactory and acceptable over time.
current at the time work is started, shall apply.
Due to the scope of buildings which could be
considered for conversion or renovation, the guidance
may need to be varied for particular cases. NHBC will
SURVEY(S) consider other methods proposed to meet specific
The builder should arrange for survey(s) of the requirements, subject to consultation and evaluation.
building to be carried out in accordance with Clause Some irregularities in the existing background and
Cl before applying to NHBC for Buildmark cover. finish, beyond normal building tolerances, may be
acceptable for conversions and renovations.
A copy of the survey report(s), including any specialist
reports, should accompany the application for
Buildmark cover. The reports will be used to establish
if the project is acceptable for Buildmark cover. INTERPRETATION
NHBC may impose specific requirements for Occasionally there may be disagreements on how
the project, which must be complied with as a Technical Requirements and Performance Standards
condition of providing Buildmark cover. are to be interpreted. Such cases are usually resolved
NHBC relies on the details supplied by the builder through further consultation, failing which, NHBC will
when it accepts a project for Buildmark cover. exercise its right to decide,
Acceptance of a project does not absolve the
builder from obligations under the Rules and
Buildmark in respect of any defects, whether or
not they are located in parts of the building covered
by the reports or NHBC's specific requirements.

NHBC 5tandards for Conversions and Renovaflons Page 1 of 31


Aprii 2005 edition Effective: Juiy 2005
INTRODUCTION
Conversions and Renovations

TESTING
To establish whether the existing building or parts of
it are adequate it may be necessary to carry Out tests,
both on the structure and materials that are to be
retained. These tests (where required) will be at the
builders expense.
Tests on the structure to be retained shall be in
accordance with European or National Standards as
appropriate. Where suitable tests are not specified in
European or National Standards, then builders may
be required to obtain the services of a specialist to
determine them.
New materials, reclaimed or retained materials
shall comply with Technical Requirement R3.

STANDARDS, CODES OF
PRACTICE AND OTHER
AUTHORITATIVE DOCUMENTS
Where the Standards for Conversions and
Renovations refer to:
• NHBC Standards
• European Standards
• British Standards
• Codes of Practice
• Authoritative documents or
• Technical approval certification
the documents shall be the editions Current at the
time the work is started unless otherwise agreed by
NHBC in writing.
The Standards for Conversions and Renovations
contain references to authoritative documents.
These references are not exhaustive and NHBC
will consider recommendations from other
authoritative organisations.

LIMITATIONS ON USE
The Technical Requirements, Performance Standards
and Guidance do not form a complete specification
and should not be used as such in contracts.

Page 2 of 31 NHBC Standards for Conversions and RenovaSons


Effective. iuiy 200S April 2005 edition
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Conversions and Renovations

The builder shall ensure that the work complies with the Technical Requirements

Ri Statutory requirements (b) The structural adequacy of the works. The design,
with appropriate factors 0f safety, should
Work shall comply with all relevant satisfactorily allow for loads during and after
Building Regulations and other construction and for their transfer to the
statutory requirements relating to supporting structure, or foundation, without
the completed construction work undue movement, including
In England, Wales and the Isle of Man,
(i) self weight
NHBC will generally accept work that accords
with the relevant Approved Documents and (U) all imposed loads, including wind loads
their supporting documents. Exceptions would (if) construction loads.
be where NHBC has a higher standard or where
there is doubt as to whether the recommendation (c) The geographical location of the site, including:
in the Approved Document is appropnate to a (i) climate
particular application.
(ii) topography
In Scotland and Northern Ireland, account
shall be taken of the relevant Building Standards (d) The position of the dwelling on the site, especially
and Regulations. with reference to the dwelling's exposure to the
weather, including exposure at early stages in
Building Regulations and rules of Statutory the development of a site, even if it is eventually
Authorities primarily cover matters of health protected by structures built later
and safety. Matters affecting durability and
serviceability also need to be considered. le) The position of building elements within the
construction works, including the inter-relationship
NHBC Standards do not apply to: of materials and constructions.
• health and safety matters relating to )f) The security of the dwellings.
building operations
• handling and use of certain building materials R3 Materials requirement
• planning matters.
All materials, products and building
systems shall be suitable for their
R2 intended purpose
Design requirement
The structure of the home shall, unless specifically
Design and specification shall
agreed otherwise in writing with NHBC, have a life
provide satisfactory performance of at least 60 years Individual components and
Account shall be taken of. assemblies, riot integral to the structure, may have
a lesser durability and need planned maintenance,
(a) The land quality, including
repair or replacement during that period.
(i) climate
Proper account shall be taken of the use and
(ii) topography location of materials, products and building
systems in relation to.
(if) geology and ground conditions
• durability of both the structure and
(iv) contamination
individual components and assemblies
(v) workings below ground • geographical location
(vi) previous use of the site
• position on the site
(vii)any other aspect, on or adjacent to the site,
e position within the structure
which could affect the design.
Where appropriate, the land quality will have to be Materials, products and building systems will normally
determined by a person acceptable to NHBC be acceptable if they comply with the following
(a) MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS USED FOR
CRITICAL FUNCTIONS
Functions critical to performance are.
structure, fire resistance, weatherproofing,
durability, thermal and sound insulation,
services including heating appliances and flues.

NHBC Standards tar Conversns and RenovaSons Page 3 ot 31


Aprii 2005 edison Ettectioe: Juiy 2005
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Conversions and Renovations

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS R4 Workmanship requirement


All work shall be carried out in a
proper, neat and workmanlike manner
R3 (continued)
The Builder shall ensure that:
Any of the following ere acceptable:
(a) the conditions of the materials, products
(i) performance in accordance mith standards and the completed work are satisfactory
set by NHBC,
or (b) appropriate precautions are taken to
(ii) where no NHBC standard is set, compliance prevent damage
with the relesant British Standard or equivalent )c) account is taken of the following:
European Technical Specification approved by a
Committee for Standardisation, provided they )i) the requirements of the design
are used in accordance with the relevant Code (ii) suitable methods of unloading and handling
of Practice,
or (hi) proper protection during storage
(is) compliance with standards not lower than (iv) use of correct installation methods
those defined in a relevant British Standard
specification or equivalent, provided their (v) protection against weather during
construction (including escessive heat,
use is accepted by NHBC,
or cold, wetting or drying)
(iv) satisfactory assessment by an appropriate lvi) protection against damage by following trades.
independent technical approvals authority
accepted by NHBC, including. British Board of
Agrkment (BBA), Building Research Establishment R5 Structural design requirement
(BRE) or a body authorised under Annes 4 to Structural design shall be carried
the Construction Products Directive, out by suitably qualified persons
or in accordance with British
Ky) use of materials and products in accordance Standards and Codes of Practice
with well established satisfactory custom and
practice, provided that such custom and practice The following shall be designed by Chartered Civil
is acceptable to NHBC, or Structural Engineers whose status (including
or professional indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC:
(vi) acceptance, in writing, by NHBC that the (a) foundations on hazardous ground where the
quality and use is satisfactory. hazard makes special consideration necessary
(hI MATERIALS AND PRODUCTS USED FOR
This would not apply to matters for which NHRC
NON-CRITICAL FUNCTIONS sets Standards, such as building near trees,
Compliance with the above acceptance except where specified to the contrary
criteria for critical functions or strictly in (b( foundations and superstructure of every
accordance with manufacturers' building over three storeys in height
recommendations for the specific use.
(c) certain types of foundations and retaining walls,
(cI RECLAIMED MATERIALS as required in the individual Chapters of the
Reclaimed materials may only be re-used with the NHBC Standards
prior agreement of NHBC. Independent certification (dl any structural element which is not based
of suitability may be required. on specific design criteria as laid down in the
(d) PROPRIETARY BUILDINO SYSTEMS Chapters of the NHBC Standards
Reference should be made to R3)a), (iv).
(e) any dwelling not constructed in accordance
(e) TIMBER DURABILITY with UK traditional practice.
Reference should be made to Chapter 2.3 'Timber
Other structural elements may be designed by a
preservation (natural solid timber)' (each section). Chartered Civil or Structural Engineer or others
whose status (including professional indemnity
Note insurance) is accepted by NHBC.
Equivalents to British Standards or technical approvals
authority shall be those accepted in the UK.

Page 4 at 31 NHBc standards tot Conversions and Renovations


Ettentive: Jny 2005 Aeni 2005 edition
TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Conversions and Renovations

The structural design shall take account of the When requested by NHBC, the Builder shall:
durability requirement in Technical Requirement • produce such design documents, calculations
R3 Materials requirement.
and prescribed forms of certification as NHBC
In England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the requires for scrutiny
Isle of Man, structural design may be undertaken
by the Builder's own Engineer or a Consulting • provide design documents and assembly
instructions, solely for the use of NHBC staff
Engineer employed by the Buildec Where specialist
subcontractors undertake the design, it must be • arrange for NHBC staff to have access to places
separately appraised by the Builder's own Engineer where off-site fabrication is taking place.
or by a Consulting Engineer employed by the
Builder to ensure that the site investigation,
choice of foundations, siting and construction R6 Survey requirement for
of dwellings are properly taken into account and conversions and renovations
that the design is appropriate for the loading
Existing buildings shall be surveyed
and conditions. to determine their condition and the
In Scotland, the Engineer shall be independent of work required to bring them into a
the Builder and specialist subcontractoc durable and habitable state
Account shall be taken of the following British The survey(s) should be carried out in accordance
Standards and Codes of Practice or their European with clause Cl.
equivalents or such codes and standards as may A detailed survey should be carried out by a
supersede them: competent and qualified person with relevant
BS 526B Structural use of timber knowledge and experience (e.g an RICS Building
Surveyor), whose status (including professional
BS 562B Code of Practice for use of masonry indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC.
BS 5950 Structural use of steel work in building Specialist surveys should be carried out by suitably
BS 6399 Loading for buildings qualified and experienced specialist surveyors.

BS 8004 Code of Practice for foundations Account shall be taken of:

65 8t10 Structural use of concrete • the former use of the building

Alternatively, designs in accordance with


• the present condition of the building
BS Bt03 'Structural design of low rise buildings' • any previous conversion and renovation works
will be acceptable.
• the geographical location
The Builder shall:
• any tests required to confirm the suitability
• require the Engineer to issue clear instructions of the esisting structure and/or materials
for site personnel
• the structural condition of the esisting
• not permit departure from the design without building and the effect of the proposed
the Engineer's written consent conversion and renovation works
The application of Technical Requirement R5
• require the Engineer or his representative to
is appropriate where the advice of an Engineer
carry out such inspections as may be required
is required
by NHBC to ensure the adequacy of the design
and construction. • other specialist advice
The Builder shall ensure that the Engineer visits the • the work necessary to ensure that the building
site during construction: meets the Technical Requirements
fi) when the foundations have been designed • new work which could affect the existing structure.
under this Technical Requirement, or
Past performance should not be assumed to
(ii) when specifically required by NHBC in satisfy Technical Requirements Ri to R5 as future
these Standards. durability will be a major consideration.
The Engineer shall satisfy himself that the design is
suitable for the conditions encountered on the site
of each dwelling.

NHBC standards tar cnnversians and snnsvassns Page 5 at 51


Aprii 2005 nditisn ttfnctine iniy 2005
Conversions and Renovations

Procedural flowchart
INITIAL SURVEY INCLUDING DESK TOP STUDY

EXISTING BASEMENT?
PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED WITH
- WOOD ROT?
- BEETLE INFESTATION?
- STRUCTURE?
- CONTAMINATION
- DAMP?
- OTHER SPECIALIST
AREAS?

Page 6 of 31 NHBC Standards for Convernons and Renovations


Effective: July 2005 April 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

SURVEY OF EXISTING BUILDING Further guidance on surveying existing buildings is


given in various Building Research Establishment
Cl Surveys shall be carried out by )BRE) publications including:
competent and qualified persons • BRE — Assessing traditional housing for rehabilitation
with relevant knowledge and
experience, to establish the • BRE — Surveyors checklist for rehabilitation of
current condition of the building traditional housing.
The builder should arrange for thorough internal and Appendix A provides details of useful contacts
external surveys to assess the condition of the existing and a list of publications that are relevant to
building. The causes of any damage or defect should conversions and renovations.
be accurately determined and appropriate remedial A copy of all survey reports should be made
work recommended. available to NHBC
The following surveys will normally be necessary
• initial survey
• detailed survey
DESIGN STANDARD
C2 Design shall meet the
• specialist survey(s).
Technical Requirements
The initial survey should include a desktop study
and a walkthrough appraisal of the building. New work should be designed in accordance with
NHBC Standards.
The detailed survey should be carried out by a
competent and qualified person with relevant Conversion and renovation work should be designed
in accordance with these Standards for Conversions
knowledge and experience (e.g. an RICS Building
and Renovations
Surveyor), whose status (including professional
indemnity insurance) is accepted by NHBC. Recommendations contained within the survey
The specialist survey(s) should be carried Out where report(s) should be incorporated in the design.
the defect, damage or likely remedial measures are Copies of planning approvals and consents should be
of a specialist nature Examples include made available to NHBC upon request. NHBC should
• structural waterproofing (tanking) of basements be made aware of any planning conditions or
restrictions that could result in a failure to comply with
• wood rot the Technical Requirements. NHBC will decide on the
• beetle infestation most appropriate course of action to resolve the matter.
In certain cases it may be necessary for NHBC to decline
• structure to offer cover for the conversion or renovation
• contamination
• damp-proofing
COMPLETED WORK
• wall tie replacement
C3 Completed work shall meet the
• asbestos
Technical Requirements, take account
• drainage. of the design and follow established
The survey(s) should include for appropriate good practice and workmanship
opening up to expose the vulnerable parts of the Work should be carried out in accordance with
building. Where, for whatever reason, parts of the design. Recommendations contained within
the building are not surveyed, this should be clearly the survey report(s) should be implemented.
stated in the report(s). Further survey(s) and
New work should be carried out in accordance with
report(s) may be required for these parts. NHBC Standards
The residual effects of previous use of the
Conversion and renovation work should be carried out
building e.g. agriculture / industry, should be in accordance with these Standards for Conversions
established by the survey(s) together with and Renovations
detailed proposals for remediation
Appendix B provides guidance on items to be
included in the survey(s).

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations Page 7of 31


April 2005 edition Effective Oily OO5
Conversions and Renovations

BUILDING REGULATIONS Remedial work should:

C4 • be designed by a suitably qualified and


Design and completed work shall
experienced surveyoc and
comply with building regulations
• be carried Out by a competent specialist
contractor approved by NHBC, and
INSURED GUARANTEES! • be the subject of a suitable insured
guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause CS.
WARRANTIES
Members of The Property Care Association,
C5 Proprietary remedial treatment a division of the British Wood Preserving and
relating to wood rot, beetle Damp-Proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by
infestation, damp-proofing, the Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd meet the
structural waterproofing above requirements.
(tanking), wall tie replacement
and other specialist work shall Other surveyors and specialist contractors may be
be the subject of a suitable acceptable subject to NHBC's written acceptance.
insured guarantee/warranty Copies of the specialist report detailing the remedial
Where such work is carried out the work and identifying the affected areas, together with
copies of the guarantee/warranty and certificate of
guarantee/warranty should:
insurance should be made available to NHBC.
• be provided by the specialist contractor
• cover any failure of the work (a) wood rot
The remedial work should ensure that:
• cover any consequent opening up and
making good • the source of all water and damp ingress
is eliminated
• remain valid for a minimum period of 20 years
• the extent of spread of wood rot is determined
• be in favour of the homeowner (provided
it is automatically transferred at no cost to • all rotted wood is removed
subsequent Owners) and NHBC. • all structurally weakened wood is replaced
The specialist contractor's obligations should be with preservative-treated wood or repaired
covered by an insurance policy issued by a UK with a proprietary structural repair resin system.
All sawn ends should be treated with a
registered insurer, which includes cover against
the specialist contractor's insolvency. fungicide/insecticide preservative
• where rot has been identified, retained wood
The insurance policy should specify the
is treated with preservative in accordance with
property covered. BS 841 7:2003

• any plaster affected by fungi is removed


WOOD ROT AND • any masonry affected by fungi is treated with a
fungicidal fluid.
BEETLE INFESTATION
C6 Specialist advice shall be (b) beetle infestation
obtained to identify all sources of The remedial work should ensure that:
wood rot and beetle infestation,
and to recommend a suitable • the treatment is appropriate for the type of wood
method of elimination. Remedial boring beetle identified
work shall be carried Out taking • structurally weakened wood should be replaced by
account of the specialist advice pre-treated wood or repaired with a proprietary
structural repair resin system.
A suitably qualified and experienced surveyor
should carry Out surveys for wood rot and Additional guidance may be obtained from
beetle infestation. Acceptable qualifications 'Recognising wood rot and insect damage in
include CSRT (Certificated Surveyor in Remedial buildings' published by BRE.
Treatment) or ASRT (Assessed Surveyor in
Remedial Treatment).

Page tot 3t NHBC Standards tor Convernons and Renovations


Effective: July 2005 Apvi 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

VERMIN AND PEST INFESTATION (b) heave


Foundations that have been damaged by clay
Cl Vermin and pest infestation heave, which occurs when desiccated shrinkable
in the building shall be clay re-hydrates and is commonly associated with
identified and eliminated moisture recovery following the removal of trees or
Where there is evidence of vermin or pest infestation, vegetation, should be underpinned.
the extent of the damage should be established end Underpinning should be designed and supervised
remedial treatment carried out. by an Engineer or as required by NHBC
The treatment necessary will depend on the type Compressible material should be installed as required
of vermin or pest. Specialist advice can be obtained by the design to accommodate movement resulting
from the British Pest Control Association (BPCA). from further clay heave. Refer to NHBC Standards
Chapter 4.2 'Building near trees', Chapter 4.4 'Strip
The remedial work should include prevention and Trench fill foundations' and Chapter 4.5 'Raft,
measures that will reduce the likelihood of re-entry of pile, pier and beam foundations', as appropriate.
the vermin or pest into the building, its fabric or voids.
Foundation design should take account of existing,
removed and proposed planting.
FOUNDATIONS (c) chemical attack
C8 Foundations shall be capable Foundations that have been or could be damaged
of transmitting existing and by high sulfate levels or other aggressive elements in
proposed loads to the ground the soil or ground water, should be repaired or
without excessive movement replaced as directed by an Engineer.
New foundations should be designed and Additional guidance on the concrete grade to ensure
carried Out in accordance with NHBC Standards adequate durability may be obtained from
Part 4 'Foundations'.
• NHBC Standards Chapter 2.1 'Concrete and
The condition of the existing foundations and its reinforcement'
supporting ground should be assessed as part of the
survey(s), and remedial work carried out as necessary • BS 8S00
to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the • BS EN 206-1
design life of the building.
• BRE Special Digest 1.
Items to be taken into account include:
(d) frost damage
(a) subsidence and settlement
Damage that has been caused by frost heave in
Where the cause of the failure is weak bearing susceptible soils or by ice formation in the pores of
strata such as peat layers, fill, etc, foundations poorly compacted concrete should be repaired or
should be strengthened or replaced. This may
replaced as directed by an Engineer. Frost damage
involve underpinning or other specialist foundation normally occurs to very shallow foundations.
techniques. Subsidence caused by clay shrinkage
may also necessitate underpinning. The effect of frost heave can be overcome by
All underpinning and associated foundation work deepening the foundations by underpinning
This should be designed and supervised by an
should be designed and supervised by an Engineer Engineer or as required by NHBC. Defective
or as required by NHBC.
concrete should be replaced.
Subsidence caused by mining or other underground
workings will require specialist advice from an Engineer (e) adjacent work
The Engineer may be required to supervise the work
Existing foundations that have been damaged
on site.
due to the proximity or depth of other foundations
The potential for differential settlement between new, or services, should be repaired or replaced as
existing and underpinned foundations/structures directed by art Engineer.
should be taken into account.
New foundations should be designed so as not to
Where leaking drains have caused foundation failure adversely affect adjacent foundations.
they should be replaced. Drains that are to be re-laid
should, if possible, be re-routed so that if leakage
occurs again, foundations will not be affected.
New work should comply with Chapter 5 3
'Drainage below ground'.

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations Page 9 of 31


April 2005 edition Effective July 2005
Conversions and Renovations

FOUNDATIONS An Engineer should design all structural alterations


to basements, such as
C8 (continued) • increasing the height of the retaining walls
• reducing the ability of the floor above to provide
(f) underground erosion
lateral support to the walls
Granular subsoils such as sand and gravel may
suffer from erosion of fine particles by movement • lowering floor levels to increase ceiling heights
of ground water leading to subsidence. • alterations to the existing applied loadings
The introduction of new drains with a granular bed
and surround may also take ground water from the • additional loading from adjacent structures.
site and could have the same effect on otherwise
sound existing foundations. Where this is likely, (b) control of water and damp ingress
alternatives should be considered. Basements should have adequate resistance to
the passage of water/moisture to the inside.
(g) changes in loading The design should ensure that the level of
The effects of proposed changes to the protection against water and moisture reaching the
superstructure should be taken into account. internal surfaces is appropriate for the proposed use.
The loading on existing foundations may become Where there is any doubt about the use, the level of
excessive or unevenly distributed, necessitating protection required for habitable accommodation
replacement, underpinning or otherwise improving should be provided.
inadequate existing foundations. Basements to be used for habitable accommodation
should allow no water penetration and provide a dry
environment if maintained by adequate heating and
BASEMENTS AND STRUCTURAL ventilation. This is referred to as 'Grade 3' in the
"Basements for dwellings" Approved Document.
WATERPROOFING (TANKING)
Walls and floors to basements to be used for parking
C9 All elements (including walls, floors cars, for storage or as plant rooms should allow no
and foundations) forming a basement water penetration (unless a type C drained cavity)
shall be suitable for their location although moisture vapour is tolerated This is referred
In this Clause the term 'basement' means to as 'Grade 2' in the "Basements for dwellings"
construction which is wholly or partly below Approved Document.
ground level and for which normal damp-proofing It should not be assumed that a wall, which is dry
arrangements are inappropriate. at the time of the survey, would not cause a problem
at a future date.
New basements should be designed and constructed
in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 5.1 Existing basements should be provided with a new
'Substructure and ground bearing floors'. structural waterproofing (tanking) system unless it
can be demonstrated that the existing system will
The condition of existing basements should be provide satisfactory in-service performance for the
assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial design life of the building
work carried Out as necessary to provide
satisfactory in-service performance for the design Structural Waterproofing should:
life of the building. • be designed by a suitably qualified and
The design should take account of the British Cement experienced specialist surveyor, and
Association Approved Document "Basements for • be carried out by a competent specialist contractor
dwellings". Its principles should be followed in approved by NHBC, and
England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
• be the subject of a suitable insured
Items to be taken into account include: guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause CS.
Members of the Structural Waterproofing Group,
(a) structural stability a division of the British Wood Preserving and
Any alteration, even temporary, to the loading on Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA) backed by the
an existing structurally sound basement may cause Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd will meet the
structural damage. above requirements and therefore be acceptable.

Page 10 of 31 NHBC Standards for conversions and Renovations


Effertive: July 2005 April 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

Where an internal tanking system is used, additional The report of the CCTV survey should identify
internal walling and flooring may be necessary which drainage runs require repair or replacement.
The effect on room size, especially height, should A copy of the report should be made available
be taken into account The electrical installation to NHBC.
should be on the dry side of the tanking.
Disused drains should be removed or sealed to
Structural waterproofing (tanking) should be prevent the entry of vermin and the possibility of
continuous unless designed service inlets are future collapse
provided Fisings should not penetrate the tanking.
Tanking should be in accordance with 8S8102,
(b) access
or satisfactorily assessed in accordance with
Technical Requirement R3. Where the existing drainage system is to be retained,
and lengths do not have rodding access in accordance
with cLirrent requirements, additional access points
(c) condensation should be provided
Adequate provision should be made to prevent surface
and interstitial condensation within the basement.
(c) inspection chambers, manholes, interceptors,
The following should be considered septic tanks and cesspools
• appropriate ventilation Existing inspection chambers and manholes may need
rebuilding e.g walls of manholes may need upgrading
• adequate heating due to inadequate structural sufficiency or ground
• appropriate insulation water ingress etc.
Inspection chambers and manholes located
• avoiding cold bridging
within habitable parts of the building will not
• treatment of hygroscopic salts contained in walls normally be acceptable.
and floors
New covers will be required where existing covers
• removal of water vapour from kitchens are defective or where chambers will be subject to
and bathrooms. increased loading. Locked covers to prevent
Further guidance is given in the British Cement accidents may be required.
Association Approved Document 'Basements for Existing interceptors should normally be removed
dwellings' and the BRE guide 'Thermal insulation. from the drainage system.
avoiding risks'.
NHBC will normally reject any proposal to retain
existing septic tanks or cesspools
DRAINAGE BELOW GROUND
ClO Drainage 5ystems shall convey foul GROUND FLOORS
effluent and rainwater satisfactorily
to an appropriate outfall Cli Ground floors shall have adequate
durability and support and transfer
Drainage systems should have adequate capacity for loads to the substructure or the ground
the proposed use of the building and take account of safely without undue movement, and
the number of people who will use it shall resist the passage of moisture,
New drainage should be designed and constructed in contaminants and gases to the inside
accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 5.3 of the building
'Drainage below ground'. New ground floors should be designed and
Items to be taken into account include: constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
Chapters 5.1 'Substructure and ground bearing
floors' or 5,2 'Suspended ground floors'.
(a) Existing drainage
Existing drainage should be replaced unless it can be The condition of existing floors should be
demonstrated that it will provide satisfactory in-service assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial
performance for the design life of the building work carried Out as necessary to provide satisfactory
in-service performance for the design life of
Where it is proposed to retain existing drainage,
the building.
a thorough survey of the whole system, including
a CCTV survey, should be carried out to establish The effect of any change in loading should be taken
its current condition, including access points and into account. In some cases, e.g. listed buildings,
connections to main sewers. specialist advice may be required.

NHBC 5tandads for Conversiorrs and Renovations Page t t of 31


Aprii 2005 edition Ettectixe. Juiy 2005
Conversions and Renovations

GROUND FLOORS • land drains should be provided to the perimeter


of the building to prevent the void being flooded.
Cli (continued) The land drains should be connected to
Items to be taken into account include: a suitable outfall.
Any debris beneath the floor likely to create
(a) ground bearing floors dampness or affect the ventilation should be
Ground bearing floors that have suffered damago removed. Vegetation within the sub-floor void
should be removed and replaced in accordanco with should be removed.
NHBC Standards Chapter 5.1 'Substructure and Honeycomb sleeper walls, including dpcs,
ground bearing floors'. should be repaired if defective.

(b) damp-proofing of ground bearing floors (e) contaminants and gases


Whore esisting concrete ground bearing floors New and existing ground bearing or suspended
do not have adequate protection against damp from ground floors should resist the entry of ground
the ground, a new dpm, linked to the dpc should contaminants, radioactive and other toxic or
be provided. It is unlikely that floors laid before inflammable gases to the inside of the building.
the mid 160's will have adequate protection
against damp (1) screeds and other finishes
Appropriate dpm materials are listed in NHBC Damaged screeds and other finishes should be
Standards Chapter 5 1 'Substructure and ground replaced, together with the reinstatement of any dpm.
bearing floors' (Materials section).
If the esisting floor is other than concrete (e.g. flags (g) flooring/decking
laid directly on consolidated sub soil), specialist advice New flooring/decking should be in accordance with
should be followed NHBC Standards Chapter 6.4 'Timber and concrete
upper floors'.
(c) suspended timber floors Unsound or contaminated flooring/decking
Where esisting timber joists do not have adequate should be removed and replaced Loose boards
protection against damp, appropriate damp-proofing should be re-fixed The upper surface may be
work should be carried out to ensure durability. improved by punching nail heads and sanding.
Where timber joists built into solid walls are
showing signs of rot (particularly at loist ends),
remedial work should be carried out in WALLS - STRUCTURE
accordance with Clause C6.
Ci2 Walls shall support and transfer
joists shown to be inadequate by the survey should loads to the foundations safely
be strengthened, strutted, or reduced in span, or and without undue movement
additional joists should be added as appropriate.
New walls should be designed and constructed in
The effects of long-term creep deflection should accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6
be taken into account
'Superstructure (excluding roofs)'
Joists with excessive notches and/or holes should
The condition of existing walls should be assessed as
be replaced or a structural repair carried out. part of the survey(s), and remedial work carried out
as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service
(d) sub-floor voids performance for the design life of the building
Voids beneath existing timber ground floors Items to be taken into account include:
should be ventilated by openings providing not
less than 1500mm2 of open area per metre run
of external wall on two opposite sides. (a) cracking
The cause of any cracking, regardless of width,
Where the lower surface of the void is below
should be identified and addressed Further guidance
ground level and there are indications of previous
is given in BRE Digests 25t and 361.
flooding, then:
Depending on the number and location, cracks up to
• the level of the void should be raised, provided
1.5mm width in masonry are generally unobtrusive,
ventilation and durability are not compromised, or
and provided they are not progressive and will not
• the void should be drained to an appropriate increase the possibility of moisture ingress, can
outfall, or normally be left unattended.

Pate 2 et 3t NHBC tsandards ler cenversiers and Renexatiovs


tttectise: JvIv 2005 Acid 2005 edisian
Conversions and Renovations
Cracks over 1 5mm wide in masonry should be cut • installing proprietary remedial wall ties assessed
out and re-stitched to obtain acceptable bonding in accordance with Technical Requirement R3.
and appearance. The reconstruction of panels may This work nhould:
be necessary.
- be designed by a suitably qualified and
Where work is necessary the following may
experienced specialist surveyor, and
be considered:
- be carried out by a competent specialist
• cracked bricks or stone may be removed and
contractor approved by NHBC, and
replaced with bricks or stone to match the esisting
- be the subject of a suitable insured
• cracked joints may be raked out to a depth of guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause CS.
15mm and be re-pointed to match the esisting
Members of the Property Care Association, a division
• proprietary crack repair resin products of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing
may be used in accordance with the
Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee
manufacturers' recommendations.
Protection Insurance Ltd will meet the above
requirements and therefore be acceptable to NHBC.
(b) mortar
Other wall tie replacement work may be acceptable
Compatible repointing mortar should be used
subject to NHBC's written acceptance
as follows.
Old wall ties should be removed if corrosion is severe.
• for esisting mortar of weak to medium strength,
mix proportions of 1:1 :g cement:lime:sand should In less severe cases, a corrosion protection system may
be used
be acceptable with the redundant ties left in place.

• for stronger existing mortar, mix proportions of (e) damage caused by sulfate attack
1:6 cement:lime:sand should be used
• wetting masonry before applying mortar improves BRICKWORK
adhesion (alternatively, a water retaining additive Suitable work should be carried out to ensure
may be used in the mortar) sources of dampness associated with the sultate
• where walls are located in areas of severe attack are removed. Work could include the repair
exposure to wind driven rain, the use of polymer or replacement of damaged or ineffective copings
additives in the mortar will increase bond and and other weathering details.
durability (in such cases sand should have Where it is necessary to rebuild parts of walls
negligible clay content) damaged by sulfate attack, replacement bricks should
• proprietary gun-applied pointing systems be ot low soluble salt content )L designation) and
may be used, in accordance with the mortar should contain sulfate-resisting cement.
manufacturer's recommendations. NHBC Standards Chapter 6 1 'External masonry
walls' gives guidance on brickwork and
(c) spalling masonry mortar specifications.
Where spating of existing masonry is extensive
and the stability or durability of the wall is adversely RENDER
affected, damaged units should be cut out Where render is damaged by sulfate reaction, it
and replaced should be replaced with a suitable mix for the
It may be possible to cut out and re-use a background (i.e., not stronger than the background)
spalled unit with its sound face showing. and should contain Sulfate Resisting Portland
Alternatively, adherent colour match compounds Cement The mis should he appropriate to the
are available but colour may subsequently fade exposure rating of the wall For details of suitable
rendering mixes, see RS 5262.
Where spalling of existing masonry is limited,
damaged units may be retained.
(f) lintels
(d) corroded cavity wall ties Replacement lintels will be required where
Where the extent of corrosion might aftect the • existing lintels or their bearings are defective
stability or durability of the wall, one of the (inadequate bearings should also be made good)
following remedial measures should be used.
• openings other than brick arches do not
• demolition and rebuilding of the outer leaf and have adequate support (e.g. where masonry
installation of suitable new wall ties assessed in is inadequately supported by door and
accordance with Technical Requirement R3 window frames)

NHec standards tor conversions and eenonations Page in ot ut


April 2005 edition tttestioe tnl0 2005
Conversions and Renovations

WALLS - STRUCTURE CHEMICAL DAMP-PROOF SYSTEMS


A suitably qualified and experienced surveyor
C12 (continued) should carry Out surveys for rising dampness.
Acceptable qualifications include CSRT
(f) lintels (continued) (Certificated Surveyor in Remedial Treatment) or
ASRT (Assessed Surveyor in Remedial Treatment).
• existing lintels will be subjected to increased
loading and their ability to carry the increased Remedial work should
load cannot be substantiated
• be designed by a suitably qualified and
Timber lintels where required as replacements for experienced specialist surveyor, and
aesthetic reasons, should be preservative-treated in
• be carried out by a competent specialist contractor
accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 2.3
approved by NHBC, and
Timber preservation (natural solid timber).
• be the sublect of a suitable insured
(g) embedded timber guarantee/warranty in accordance with Clause C5.
Timber embedded within solid masonry can be Members of The Property Care Association, a division
retained provided there is no evidence of wood rot, of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing
active beetle infestation or other deterioration, Association (BWPDA) backed by the Guarantee
and there are no other changes to the exposure Protection Insurance Ltd meet the above
conditions of the wall. Preservative treatment is requirements.
likely to be required. Other surveyors and specialist contractors may be
acceptable subject to NHBC'x written acceptance.
(h) external ground levels
A copy of the survey report should be made
Levels should be adjusted to ensure the dpc is a available to NHBC.
minimum of 150mm above ground level
Chemical dpc systems should have independent
certification in accordance with Technical
Requirement R3.
WALLS - DAMP-PROOFING
To ensure chemical dpcs will function correctly:
C13 Walls shall resist the passage of water
• chemical dpcs should be installed at the
and moisture from the ground
correct level in relation to the level of any
New walls should be designed and constructed in adjacent floor structure
accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6 'Superstructure
• in the case of timber ground floors the dpc
(excluding roofs)' should be formed below the level of the joist
The condition of the damp-proofing arrangements ends. Alternatively the loists should be
for existing walls should be assessed as part of the independently supported e.g. on hangers or
survey(s), and remedial work carried Out as necessary sleeper walls
to provide satisfactory in-service performance for the • chemical dpcs in walls adlacent to solid floors
design life of the building. should be linked with the floor dpm
It should not be assumed that a wall that is dry at the • associated re-plastering work should be
time of the survey will not cause a problem at a carried Out by the specialist contractor or
future date.
approved sub-contractor.

PHYSICAL DAMP-PROOF SYSTEMS


Depending on the existing construction, it may be WALLS - WEATHERPROOF ING
possible to install a physical dpc Installation should
be carried out in short lengths. Sheet material dpcs, C14 External walls shall be suitable for their
normally black polyethylene inserted into a cut, are exposure and resist the passage of
acceptable if adequately lapped. The minimum lap moisture to the inside of the building
should be 100mm.
New walls should be designed and constructed
Brick dpcs should consist of two courses of clay in accordance with NHBC Standards Part 6
dpc bricks or clay engineering bricks to BS EN 771-1, 'Superstructure (excluding roofs)'.
laid breaking joint and bedded in a 1 :V4 3,
cement:lime:sand mortar. Brick dpcs are only
suitable to resist the upward movement of moisture;
they are not suitable to resist the downward or
lateral movement of water.

Page 14 of 31 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Penovations


tffective: July 200s Aprd 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

The condition of existing walls should be (d) timber frame walls


assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial Specialist advice from an Engineer should be
work carried out as necessary to provide obtained where repairs to a timber frame building
satisfactory in-service performance for the are required.
design life of the building.
Sources of dampness causing rot should be
Items to be taken into account include. eliminated before remedial work is carried out
Guidance is given in NHBC Standards Chapter 6 2
(a) moisture resistance from outside 'External timber framed walls'.
Where evidence of water ingress is identified,
preventative measures could include:
(e) parapet walls
• installing a proprietary cladding system assessed New parapet walls should be designed and
in accordance with Technical Requirement R3 constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
• applying a render system in accordance with NHBC Chapter 6.1 'External masonry walls'
Standards Chapter 6.1 'External masonry walls' Existing parapet walls should be taken down and
re-built unless it can be demonstrated that they are
• installing a proprietary insulated render system
that has been assessed in accordance with structurally stable, weathertight and will provide
Technical Requirement R3 satisfactory in-service performance for the design
life of the building
• re-pointing defective mortar joints
Items to be taken into account when assessing
• installing a specialist internal lining system that is the parapet wall include:
not affected by dampness in the existing wall.
strvctural stability
NHBC will not normally accept the use of masonry • evidence of water penetration
paint or the application of surface treatment to
improve moisture resistance. • that all necessary cappings, copings, dpcs and
flashings are present
Attention should be given to openings where
replacement or additional dpcs and trays may • that the copings will shed water clear of the wall.
be required. The condition of the parapet gutter should
Existing lintels with evidence of damp be assessed and where necessary, appropriate
penetration from the outside should be protected remedial action carried out to ensure satisfactory
with a suitable tray. in-service performance.
Where cavity insulation is to be installed, Where the parapet gutter has an upstand on
dpc trays are required over all existing openings, all sides, an overflow outlet should be provided,
irrespective of previous damp penetration through either the parapet or the upttand.
problems, Further guidance is givon in NHBC The size of the overflow outlet should not be less
Standards Chapter 6.1 'External masonry walls'. than the size of the rainwater outlet for outlets if
there are several).
(b) existing render
Where a crazing pattern of many fine cracks exists but
rendering is not loose, the application of a permeable, SEPARATING WALLS
flevible decorative finish is acceptable. If the cracks
extend through the render and the render is hollow,
05 Separating walls shall have reasonable
resistance to the passage of sound
then it should be removed and replaced.
New separating walls should be designed and
Where over-strong render has curled away from constructed in accordance with the Building Regulations
the backing, it should be replaced with a suitable and NHBC Standards Chapter 6.3 'Internal walls'
mix for the background (i.e. not stronger than the
background). The miv should be appropriate to The condition of existing separating walls
the evposure rating of the wall. For details of should be assessed as part of the survey(s), and
suitable rendering mixes, see ES 5262 remedial work carried out as necessary to provide
satisfactory in-service performance for the design
life of the building
(c) existing cladding
Any misting, damaged or loose cladding should be
replaced or re-fixed (see Clause C24). Further guidance
iv given in NHBC Standards Chapter 6 g 'Curtain
walling and cladding'

NHBc standards tnr cnvvvrsisss avd eevnvasxvs Page tt ot 3i


Aerli 2ttt edition Eftvctivv' tviy wet
Conversions and Renovations

SEPARATING WALLS Where existing chimneys and flues are to be retained


but no longer used they should be fitted with a
C15 (continued) suitable capping and be ventilated. The effects of
possible sound transmission through the ventilation
Items to be taken into account include openings should be taken into account.
• the construction and condition of esisting walls Where chimneys and flues are to be removed,
• the removal of any esisting timber or steel lintels they should be either totally removed or have
in walls any parts that remain adequately supported
Where existing mortar has eroded, or is cracked
• adequate making good of previous openings
in walls or crumbling, it should be raked back to sound
mortac Mortar used for re-pointing should
• adequate making good of voids and hidden areas normally be 1.1/2 41/2 SRPC: lime: sand, with
in or around walls air entraining additive.
• satisfactory support of new and esisting walls Proprietary additives and re-pointing systems should be
used in accordance with manufacturers' instructions.
• satisfactory sealing of penetrations to
accommodate new or esisting services in walls Where extensive breakdown of the mortar has
occurred, consideration will need to be given to
re-building of the chimney.
CHIMNEYS AND FLUES Chimney/flue linings should be provided as necessary
to achieve satisfactory in-service performance.
C16 Chimneys and flues shall be structurally
stable, resistant to the effects of gases Chimney/flue linings should be in accordance with
and heat and resistant to the passage Technical Requirement 83 and NHBC Standards
of moisture into the building Chapter 6.8 'Fireplaces, chimneys and flues'.

New chimneys and flues should be designed! Existing chimneys in some older buildings may
constructed and installed in accordance with NHBC not be suitable for installation of approved linings.
Standards Chapter 6.8 Fireplaces chimneys and flues. Specialist advice should be sought.

The condition of esisting chimneys and flues


should be assessed as part of the survey(s), and
remedial work carried out as necessary to provide
UPPER FLOORS
satisfactory in-service performance for the design C17 Upper floors shall have adequate
life of the building. durability and support and transfer
The following should be taken into account when loads to the supporting structure
safely without undue movement
assessing the esisting chimney:
• structural stability New upper floors should be designed and
constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
• weatherproofing, e.g. that all necessary cappings, Chapter 6.4 'Timber and concrete upper floors'.
copings, dpcs and flashings are present and that
The condition of existing upper floors should be
water is not penetrating the flue or masonry
assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial
• that copings will shed water clear of the chimney work carried out ax necessary to provide
satisfactory in-service performance for the design
• that the esisting chimney or flue will achieve life of the building.
satisfactory performance.
The effect of any change in loading should be taken
Existing chimneys and flues may be unsuitable to into account
serve new appliances either using the same or a
different fuel, The installation of new appliances In tome cases, e g. listed buildings, specialist advice
should comply with statutory requirements. may be required.
Where dampness has penetrated to the inside of Items to be taken into account include:
the dwelling throegh or around the chimney, the
cause should be established and necessary work (a) timber upper floors
undertaken to prevent recurrence. Particular care Where timber joists built into solid walls are showing
should be taken where a room is to be built within signs of rot (particularly at bitt ends), remedial work
an existing roof space should be carried out in accordance with Clause C6.

Page re ot 3t NHBC Standards tor Conversiens and Penenasions


Ettective' tuiy 2tc5 Aprii 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

Inadequate joists should be strutted, reduced in span STAIRCASES, STAIRWAYS


or have additional joists added as appropriate.
AND LANDINGS
The effects of long-term creep deflection should be
taken into account. C19 Staircases, stairways and landings
Joists with excessive notches and/or holes should be
shall provide a safe passage for users
replaced or a structural repair carried out. New staircases, stairways and landings should
be in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter
(b) flooring/decking 6.6 'Staircases'.
New flooring/decking should be in accordance with The condition of existing staircases, stairways and
NHBC Standards Chapter 6.4 'Timber and concrete landings should be assessed as part of the survey(s),
upper floors'. and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide
Unsound or contaminated flooring/decking should satisfactory in-service performance for the design life
be removed and replaced. Loose boards should be of the building.
re-fixed. The upper surface may be improved by Items to be taken into account include:
punching nail heads and sanding.
(a) suitability of existing structure
(c) other floors Staircases and stairways should be suitable for the
Structural alterations should only be carried out new use of the building. Where an existing private
on the advice of an Engineer. staircase becomes a common staircase it will be
subject to increased design loads. This should be a
(d) screeds and other finishes consideration in deciding if the existing staircase can
Damaged screeds and other finishes should be retained.
be replaced. Timber staircases that have been in damp conditions
may be unsound due to rot and should be replaced.
C18 Separating floors shall have
Staircases that are to be retained may require
reasonable resistance to the
suitable repair.
passage of sound
New separating floors should be designed and (b) rise and going
constructed in accordance with the Building
The thickness of new screeds and floor finishes
Regulations and NHBC Standards Chapter 6.4
should be taken into account to ensure an equal
'Timber and concrete upper floors'.
rise and equal going for all steps in each flight,
The condition of existing separating floors and where applicable, series of flights.
should be assessed as part of the survey(s),
and remedial work carried out as necessary to
provide satisfactory in-service performance for PITCHED ROOFS
the design life of the building.
Items to be taken into account include: C20 Pitched roof structures shall support
and transfer loads to the supporting
• the construction and condition of existing floors structure without excessive deflection,
• adequate making good of previous openings and resist the passage of rain and
in floors snow to the inside of the building
• adequate making good of voids and hidden areas New pitched roofs should be designed and
in or around floors constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
Chapter 7.2 'Pitched roofs'.
• satisfactory support of new and existing floors
The condition of existing pitched roofs should be
• satisfactory sealing of penetrations to assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial
accommodate new or existing services in floors. work carried out as necessary to provide
Remedial work should be in accordance with satisfactory in-service performance for the
Clause C17. design life of the building.

NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations Page i7of3t


April 2005 edition Effective Jniy 2005
Conversions and Renovations

PITCHED ROOFS (c) underlay


Where the roof ix co have the exitcing covering
CO (continued) removed and replaced, a new underlay should be
Certain roofs e.g. on listed buildings or in provided in accordance with NHBC Standards
conservation areas, may require specialist advice
Chapter 7.2 'Pitched roofs'. Adequate ventilation
and appropriate skills vhould be provided.

Items to be taken into account include:


(d) flashings and weatherings
Flaxhingv and weatheringv should normally be
(a) existing structure formed in lead. Guidance is given in "Lead sheet in
It should not be assumed that roof members that are Building" and other material published by the Lead
performing satisfactorily at the time ot the survey Development Association.
would not cause a problem at a future date.
Cement fillets will not normally be accepted ax
Changes in structure and loading should be taken
flashings or weatherings.
into account. The exissing strucsure should be
strengthened where replacement roof coverings
are heavier than the existing.
Intermediate support should be provided to
FLAT ROOFS AND BALCONIES
reduce spans where members would otherwise be C21 Flat roof and balcony structures
over-stressed. shall support and transfer loads
Improved strutting to purlinu should be provided to the supporting structure
where the struts are without excessive deflection and
resist the passage of rain and
• at inadequate centres snow to the inside of the building
• not propped trom Ioadbearing structure New flat roofs and balconies should be designed
• not braced to prevent movement. and constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
Chapter 7.t 'Flat roofs and balconies'.
Additional support to water tanks should be provided
where the existing support is inadequate The condition of exivting flat roofs and balconies
should be assessed as part of the survey(s), and
Bracing to trussed rafter roofs should be upgraded remedial work carried out as necessary to provide
in accordance with current requirements.
satisfactory in-service performance for the design
Holding down/restraint strapping should be provided life of the building.
to meet current requirements where it is necessary.
The use of timber in balconies should be limited
Where wood is showing signs of rot or beetle to secondary elements, which in turn are supported
infestation, remedial work should be carried out in by materials other than timber. Further guidance iv
accordance with Clause C6. given in NHBC Standards Chapter 7.1 'Flat roofs
and balconies'.
(b) roof coverings Certain roofs and balconies e.g. on listed buildings
txisting roof coverings should be removed and or in conservation areax may require specialist advice
replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they and appropriate skills
will perform satisfactorily for the design life of
the building. Items to be taken into account include:
Recovering of roofs over the existing coverings
will not be permitted unless the system has been (a) existing structure
specifically assessed for this purpose in accordance It should not be axsumed that flat roofs or
with Technical Requirement R3. balconies that are performing satisfactorily at the
time of the survey would not cause a problem at
Where NHBC agrees to an existing roof covering a future date.
being retained, second hand (re-claimed) slates and
tiles may be required for matching. These should only Changes in structure and loading, particularly
be used if they are accepted by NHBC, in accordance replacement roof or balcony coverings, vhould be
with Technical Requirement R3. taken into account

Paeeia ot 3i NH5C Stavdardv for covversiovs and tevovatiovv


Eftvcsive Jvly 2ttt April 2ttS editiov
Conversions and Renovations

The existing structure should be strengthened where Existing lead gutters should be reconstructed
replacement roof or balcony coverings are heavier and re-lined where there is inadequate allowance
than the existing. for movement.
Existing reinforced concrete or steel flat roof or All roofs (excluding small areas less than 6m) should
balcony structures should be in satisfactory condition. have adequate rainwater drainage.
Structural alterations should only be carried Out Ofl
Where rainwater from new roof areas is to be
the advice of an Engineer.
connected to an existing system, the capacity of the
Intermediate support should be provided to reduce gutters, downpipes and the suitability of the outfall
spans on timber roofs where members would should be established, and upgraded where necessary.
otherwise be overstressed or are excessively deflected.
Where the roof area has an upstand on all sides,
Upgrading of strutting may be required. adequate drainage and an overflow outlet should
Holding down/restraint strapping should be provided be provided, regardless of the size of the roof.
to meet current requirements where it is necessary. The size of the overflow outlet should not be less
than the size of the rainwater outlet (or outlets if
Ventilation to cold deck construction should be there are several).
provided in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter
7.1 Flat roofs and balconies' (cold deck construction Existing rainwater downpipes located internally
is not acceptable in Scotland). should normally be replaced and relocated externally.

(b) weatherproofing
Correct detailing of the various interfaces, FRAMED BUILDINGS -
particularly those beneath balcony door openings,
will be required to prevent water entering the
STRUCTU RE
building. Further guidance is given in NHBC C23 The loadbearing structure of
Standards Chapter 7.1 'Flat roofs and balconies'. framed buildings shall transfer
Existing roof coverings should be removed and loads to the foundations safely
replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they and without excessive movement
will perform satisfactorily for the design life of Examples of framed buildings include:
the building.
• steel frame
Recovering of roofs and balconies over the existing
waterproofing is not generally permitted unless the • reinforced concrete frame
system has been assessed in accordance with • timber frame
Technical Requirement R3.
• oak frame.
Flat roofs and balconies should have post
construction minimum falls of 1:80, unless the roof Framed buildings should be:
covering and construction has been independently • assessed in accordance with Technical
assessed to confirm it is acceptable at zero falls. Requirements 83 and R5, and
• assessed by an Engineer in accordance with advice
given in:
ROOF DRAINAGE
• CIRIA Report 111
C22 Roof drainage shall adequately carry
rainwater to a suitable outfall • Institution of Structural Engineers Report
'Appraisal of existing structures', and
New rainwater drainage systems should be
installed in accordance with NHBC Standards • BRE Digest 366.
Chapter 7.1 'Flat roofs and balconies' or Chapter 7.2 Where structural alterations are necessary they should
'Pitched roofs'. be designed by an Engineer.
The condition of the existing roof drainage, including
parapet and other hidden gutters should be assessed
as part of the survey(s), and remedial work carried
out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service
performance for the design life of the building.

NHBC Sturdards for Conversions and Renovations Puge 19 of 3t


Aprii 2005 edition Eftective: July 2005
Conversions and Renovations

FRAMED BUILDINGS - Items to be taken into account include:

WEATHERPROOFING (a) timber doors and windows


C24 The external walls and roofs of framed Rotten sections should be replaced with durable or
buildings shall be suitable for their preservative treated timber. A proprietary repair
exposure and resist the passage of system used in accordance with the manufacturer's
moisture to the inside of the building recommendations may be an acceptable alternative.
New curtain walling and cladding systems should be
designed and installed in accordance with NHBC (b) glazing
Standards Chapter 6.9 'Curtain walling and cladding'. Insulating glass units should normally be replaced
in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 6.7
New masonry cladding should be in accordance
'Doors, windows and glazing'.
with NHBC Standards Chapter 6.1 'External masonry
walls' and the Engineer's design. Glazing in critical locations should either:
Existing curtain walling and cladding systems should • break safely, or
be surveyed by a suitably qualified and experienced • be robust or in small panes, or
specialist surveyor.
• be permanently protected by suitable guarding
The survey report should be made available to NHBC.
Low level openings may require guarding.
Remedial work should be carried Out as necessary to
Special provisions may be necessary if they are
provide satisfactory in-service performance. also used for means of escape.
The following should be taken into account:
• existing cladding systems should normally be (c) security
removed before the replacement system is installed Ironmongery to main and secondary access doors
and to windows should be provided in accordance
• replacement systems should be fixed to with NHBC Standards Chapter 6.7 'Doors, windows
the structure and glazing'.
• existing masonry cladding should be assessed in
accordance with Clauses C12, Ct3 and C14
• roofs should be assessed in accordance with JOIN ERY
Clauses C20, C2t and C22.
C26 Joinery shall provide satisfactory
in-service performance
New joinery should be fitted in accordance
DOORS, WINDOWS with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.4 'Finishings
AND GLAZING and fitments'.

C25 Doors, windows and glazing The condition of existing joinery should be assessed
shall ensure satisfactory as part of the survey(s), and remedial work carried
in-service performance out as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service
performance for the design life of the building.
New doors, windows and glazing should be designed,
specified and installed in accordance with NHBC The following should be taken into account:
Standards Chapter 6.7 'Doors, windows and glazing'. • where the wood is sound, existing picture rails,
The condition of existing doors, windows and dado rails, skirtings and architraves may be
glazing should be assessed as part of the survey(s), retained although refixing may be required
and remedial work carried Out as necessary to • damaged joinery should be repaired or replaced
provide satisfactory in-service performance. • reinstatement of existing work should include
Excessively warped or twisted doors and windows appropriate treatment where necessary in
should be repaired or replaced. accordance with Clause C6.
Doors may require upgrading as fire doors,
which should be carried out in accordance with
an appropriately tested specification.
Door frames may act as integral members of
partition framing; reinstatement/repair should
not reduce structural integrity.

Paqe 20 of 31 NHBC Standards for Conversions and 5enovations


Effective July 200s Apr/ 2005 edition
Conversions and Renovations

FLOOR, WALL AND CEILING SERVICES — ELECTRICAL


FINISHES C29 Every home shall have an adequate
and safe electrical installation
C27 Workmanship shall provide
a satisfactory finish New electrical services should be installed in
accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1
New floor, wall and ceiling finishes should be 'Internal services'.
applied in accordance with NHBC Standards
Chapters 8.2 'Wall and ceiling finishes' and Existing electrical installations should normally be
8.3 'Floor finishes' replaced unless it can be demonstrated that they are
in a safe working condition and have a reasonable
The condition of existing floor, wall and ceiling
life expectancy.
finishes should be assessed as part of the survey(s),
and remedial work carried out as necessary to provide All electrical installations should comply with
satisfactory in-service performance for the design life BS 7671 formerly the Institution of Electrical
of the building. Engineers (lEE) Wiring Regulations current at the
time of the conversion or renovation.
The moisture content of external walls, floors and
ceilings should be taken into account where separate Socket outlets which might reasonably be used to
internal frames and linings are proposed. supply power to external appliances should be
protected by a residual current device (RCD).
Items to be taken into account include:
To meet with this regulation, all power circuits
supplying sockets should be protected by a residual
(a) linings current device to BS 4293.
Linings and separating frames, with or without a
vapour control layer, should only be applied to a dry Lighting circuits and those supplying power to smoke
and stable background. detectors should not be protected by a residual
current device.
Adhesive dabs should not be used for fixing to
existing solid walls. The provision of socket outlets, lighting and
television reception should be in accordance with
NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 'Internal services'.
(b) existing wall and ceiling finishes
Where existing backgrounds are to be retained they
should be sound and provide an adequate backing
for the proposed finish. SERVICES — GAS
Plaster that is not keyed should be replaced or C30 Where provided, gas services
patched where practicable. shall be in accordance with
current standards and codes
New gas services should be installed in accordance
SERVICES—WATER with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 'Internal services'.
C28 Every home shall have an adequate All gas services should comply with the Gas Safety
hot and cold water supply (Installation and use) Regulations current at the time
of the conversion or renovation.
New hot and cold water services should be installed
in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.t Existing gas services should normally be replaced.
'Internal services'.
Existing hot and cold water services should normally
be replaced. SERVICES - SPACE HEATING
The size and condition of the existing supply should C31 Where provided, space heating
be assessed as part of the survey(s), and upgraded shall be in accordance with building
as necessary to provide satisfactory in-service regulations. standards and codes
performance for the design life of the building.
New systems should be installed in accordance with
NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 'Internal services'.
Existing heating systems should normally be replaced
unless it can be demonstrated that they comply with
NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 'Internal services' and
are in a safe working condition with a reasonable
life expectancy.

NHBC stardards for Conversions nnd tenovations Page 21 of 31


Aprii 200s edition Etfective: tuly 2005
Conversions and Renovations

SERVICES - VENTILATION The condition of the existing access should be


assessed as part of the survey(s), and remedial
(32 Homes shall be adequately ventilated work carried out as necessary to provide
satisfactory in-service performance for the
All existing habitable rooms, kitchens and bathrooms design life of the building.
within a home, and common parts in flats, should be
provided with ventilation, which substantially meets
with building regulations applicable to new build
New extract fan systems should be installed in
EXTERNAL WORKS - GARAGES
accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.1 AND OUTBUILDINGS
'Internal services'.
C36 Garages and converted
outbuildings shall be suitable
for their intended purposes
SERVICES — ABOVE New garages should be designed and
GROUND DRAINAGE constructed in accordance with NHBC Standards
Chapter 9.1 'Garages'.
C33 Above ground drainage
systems shall ensure satisfactory The condition of existing garages and outbuildings
in-service performance should be assessed as part of the survey(s),
and remedial work carried out as necessary to
New above ground soil and waste systems should provide satisfactory in-service performance for their
be installed in accordance with NHBC Standards intended purpose for the design life of the building.
Chapter 8.1 'Internal services'.
Outbuildings converted into garages should
The condition of the existing soil and waste meet the requirements of NHBC Standards Chapter
system should be assessed and tested as part of 9.1 'Garages'.
the survey(s), and remedial work carried out as
In accordance with requirements for new garages,
necessary to provide satisfactory in-service
performance for the design life of the building. walls to converted garages do not normally need
to be totally weather resistant and floors do not
Existing systems to be retained or extended should normally require a damp proof membrane.
substantially meet with current requirements.

EXTERNAL WORKS -
PAINTING AND DECORATING
FREESTANDING WALLS AND
C34 Paint and decorative systems shall
provide an acceptable finish
RETAINING STRUCTURES
New and existing work should be thoroughly (37 Freestanding walls and retaining
cleaned down, prepared and a new finish applied structures shall be adequate for
in accordance with NHBC Standards Chapter 8.5 their intended purpose
'Painting and decorating' New freestanding walls and retaining structures
Where necessary timber doors and windows should be designed and constructed in accordance
should be stripped before redecoration. with NHBC Standards Chapter 9.2 'Drives, paths
and landscaping'.
Metal doors and windows should be stripped
before redecoration. The condition of existing freestanding walls and
retaining structures should be assessed as part of
Decoration should allow walls to 'breathe' so that the survey(s), and remedial work carried out as
vapour pressure does not build up behind the surface
necessary to provide satisfactory in-service
performance for the design life of the building.
The following should be taken into account:
EXTERNAL WORKS - ACCESS
• the stability of the wall or structure, and
(35 Adequate access shall be proposed loading
provided to and around the home
• assessment of damage or deterioration
Access, including private roads, shared private drives,
• that the wall or structure has all the necessary
private drives, car parking areas and paths, should
normally be provided in accordance with NHBC cappings, copings and dpcs
Standards Chapter 9 2 'Drives, paths and landscaping'. • that the copings shed water clear of the wall.

Page 22 of 31 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations


EffecOve July 2005 April 2005 ed0ion
Conversions and Renovations

EXTERNAL WORKS - PROVISION OF INFORMATION


GARDEN AREAS (40 Designs and specifications
(up to 20m from the habitable parts of the home) shall be produced in a clearly
understandable format and
C38 Garden areas shall be stable and include all relevant information
adequately prepared for cultivation All relevant information relating to the conversion
Work should be carried out in accordance with or renovation should be stated clearly and
NHBC Standards Chapter 9.2 'Drives, paths unambiguously, and be readily available.
and landscaping'.
C41 All relevant information 5hall be
The following should be taken into account: distributed to appropriate personnel
• construction rubbish and debris should be The design and specification should be made
removed from garden and other areas around
available to all appropriate personnel including site
the home supervisors and relevant specialists, sub contractors
• old foundations, concrete bases and similar and/or suppliers.
obstructions occurring within 300mm of the
finished ground surface should be removed
• any ground disturbed during the conversion or
renovation works should be re-graded to conform
to the general shape of the adjacent ground
• subsoil should not be placed over topsoil and any
topsoil disturbed should be reinstated
• garden areas should be provided with topsoil to a
thickness of not less than 1 00mm
• the topsoil should not contain contaminants
which are likely to present a hazard to users of
the garden
• waterlogging of the ground around the home,
up to a maximum 3.Om from the habitable
parts, should be prevented by drainage or other
suitable means.

EXTERNAL WORKS -
LANDSCAPING
(39 Possible future damage to the home
caused by planting shall be minimised
Works should be carried out in accordance
with NHBC Standards Chapter 9.2 'Drives, paths
and landscaping'.
Where trees or shrubs have been removed, are
to be retained or are to be planted by the builder,
precautions should be taken to reduce the risk of
future damage to homes and services.
Further guidance is given in NHBC Standards
Chapter 4.2 'Building near trees'.

NHBC standards for Conoersions and Senovations Page 23 of 31


Aprii 2005 ediSon Effective Juiy 2055
APPENDIX A
Conversions and Renovations

Useful contacts
Association of British Insurers (ABI)
wwwabi.org.uk

British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing Association (BWPDA)


www.bwpda.co.uk

British Pest Control Association (BPCA)


www.bpca.org.uk

Building Research Establishment (BRE)


www.bre.co.uk

Centre for Window and Cladding Technology (CWCT)


www.cwct.org.uk

Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA)


www.ciria.org

English Heritage
www. english-heritage.orguk

Environment Agency
www.environment-agencygov.uk

Guarantee Protection Insurance Ltd (GPIC)


www.gptprotectionco.uk

Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC)


www.ihbc.org.uk

Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS)


wwv.rics.org

The Institution of Structural Engineers


www.lstructE.org.uk

Timber Research and Development Association (TRADA)


www.trada.co.uk

Page 24 of 31 NHBC Standards for Converdons and Renovations


Effective: July 2005 April 2005 edition
APPENDIX A
Conversions and Renovations

Useful publications
BRE 080 6 Outline guide to assessment of traditional housing for rehabilitation
BRE Digest 366 Structural appraisal of existing buildings for change of use
ISE Report Appraisal of tsisting Structures
BRE Repors 167 Assessing traditional housing for rehabilitation
BRE Report 168 Surveyors checklist for rehabilitation of traditional housisg
BRE Oigest 251 Assessment of damage in low-rise buildings
BRt Oigest 343 Simple measuring and monitoring of movement in low-rise buildings - Part 1
RRt Oigest 344 Simple measuring and monitoring of movement in low-rise buildings - Part 2
BRt Digest 361 Why do buildings crack?
BRE Subsidence damage to domestic buildings

BRt Report 4S3 Recognising wood rot and insect damage in buildings
BRE DAS 1 D3 Wood floors reducing risk of recurrent dry rot
BRE DAS 74 Suspended timber ground floors : repairing rotted joists
BRE Special 1 Concrete in aggressive ground - Parts 1 to 4
Digest

BRE Digest 444 Parts 1, 2 & 3 - Corrosion of steel in concrete

BRE Digest 352 underpinning


BRE Report 447 Brownfield sites - ground related risks for buildings
DETR Asbestos and man made mineral fibres in buildings - practical guidance
BRE OBO 3 Damp proofing existing basements
851 85 tN 752-5 Drain and sewer systems outside buildings rehabilitation
RRE ORO 17 Repairing and replacing ground floors
BRE DAS 73 Suspended timber ground floor : remedying dampness due to inadeguate ventilation
BRE Report 466 understanding Dampness - effects, causes, diagnosis and remedies
BRE Digest 245 Rising damp in walls diagnosis and treatment
BRt Report 117 Rain penetration through masonry walls diagnosis and remedial measures
RRt DAS 71 External masonry walls repointing - specification
BRE DAS 72 External masonry walls repointing
BRt Report 466 understanding dampness - effects, causes, diagnosis and remedies
BRE Digest 461 Corrosion of metal components in walls
BRt DAS 1 D7 Cavity parapets installation of copings, dpc's, trays and flanhings
RRE Reports BRt building elements
RRE ORG 33 Assessing moisture in building materials sources of moisture
BRE 080 2 Surveying masonry chimneys for repair or rebuilding
RRE 080 4 Repairing or rebuilding masonry chimneys
BRt CR0 1 Repairing or replacing lintels
CIRIA Publication C579 Retention of masonry façades - best practice guide
BRE 080 2D Removing infernal loadbearing walls in older property
RRE ORO 22 Parts 1 & 2 - Improving sound insulation
RRECSU GPO 296 Refurbishment site guidance for solid walled houses - roofs
BRtCSU GPO 297 Refurbishment site guidance for solid walled houses - roofs
RRE ORG 14 Re-covering pitched roofs

NHBc Standards far cnnvnrninnn and Renavatinns Papa 25 at at


April 2005 editian tffectiae: July 2005
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations

SURVEY(S) OF (e) foundations


Items to be taken into account include:
EXISTING BUILDINGS
• ground conditions/type of soil/varying
The survey(s) should be carried out in ground levels
accordance with Clause Cl. The items listed
in this Appendix should be considered and • trees - mature height and root growth
included in the survey(s) as appropriate. • level of water table, which may have altered
Causes of defects and damage should be since construction
accurately identified.
• existing water courses
(a) previous usage • level and type of foundations
The survey(s) should establish to what extent the land • structural defects e.g. cracking, signs of movement,
and buildings included in the conversion or renovation deterioration of concrete etc
project have been adversely affected by the former
use and occupancy. • condition of foundations where drains/services pass
through or beneath
Any residual contamination caused by the previous
use, e.g. agriculture/industry, should be established by • evidence of sulfate attack.
the survey(s). Where appropriate, the effect on foundations of
proposed alterations or extensions to the building
(b) contaminants should be accounted for in the survey(s).
The survey(s) should identify contaminants, Satisfactory past performance of foundations may,
including radioactive, other toxic, explosive or at NHBC's discretion, be accepted as demonstrating
asphyxiant gases. adequacy provided alterations would not adversely
Where the ground covered by the building is affect the foundations.
within 250m of landfill, or where there is
reason to suspect that there may be gaseous (f) basements
contamination of the ground, or where the Items to be taken into account include:
building will be within the likely sphere of
influence of a landfill where gas production • future use
is possible, further investigation should • structure ability of the structure to take any
be made to establish what protective
proposed loading condition of the structural
measures may be necessary floor above
Further guidance may be found in NHBC
• dampness: damage to the existing structure
Standards Chapter 4.1 'Land quality — managing
caused by dampness (i.e. condensation and/or
ground conditions'.
moisture penetration)
(c) wood rot and beetle infestation • tanking. feasibility of installing new tanking
where required
The survey(s) should be appropriate for the building,
taking account of the likelihood of rot and pest • ventilation feasibility of installing ventilation
infestation. The survey)s) should not be confined
• drainage and other services.
to easily inspected areas, or to areas where rot or
infestation are obvious. Satisfactory past performance may, at NHBC's
The source, cause and extent of current beetle discretion, be accepted as indicating adequacy
infestation or wood rot should be identified. provided alterations would not adversely affect
the basement.
The BRE publication "Recognising wood rot and
insect damage in buildings" gives guidance

(d) vermin and pest infestation


Points of entry for vermin and pest should
be identified.

rape ue ot 3r NHSC ssavdards tsr Csvuvrsisvs avd eensvarjsrs


Effective: Jaly 2005 April 2005 edison
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations T
(g) below ground foul and surface water drainage CONCRETE FLOORS
Existing drainage should normally be replaced. • type and condition of floor
Items to be taken into account when assessing • gaps below skirting which may indicate settlement
existing drainage include: of fill, or subsidence
• the results of the CCIV survey • bowing, cracking of screed
• adequacy of existing system (capacity related to • cracked or sloping slab which may indicate heave
proposed use and number of people who will use
• evidence of sulfate attack
the building)
• effective damp proof membrane adequate
• evidence of leakage
linking with dpcs
• evidence of surcharging or blockage such as
• effective ventilation of sub floor void.
soiled benching
• suitable outfall (i) walls
• evidence that the flow is self-cleansing The type of wall construction should be identified,
• condition of pipework, manholes and e.g. masonry with cavity, solid masonry, masonry
with rubble fill, timber frame, external leaf fair face
inspection chambers
brick, rendering or cladding, regional (eq. stone
• location of manholes and inspection chambers or cob), concrete, steel or cast iron frame, or
• adequate access for cleaning proprietary system.
The structural condition should be identified
• sealing of redundant drainage
including suitability for alteration.
• proposals for dealing with existing cesspools and Items to be taken into account include:
septic tanks.
CRACKING
(h) ground floors
The cause of cracking should be identified
Effects of proposed alterations on existing floors, and together with the likely effect on stability; e.g. fine
related ground levels should be taken into account.
cracks (1.5mm max) may not require re-pointing or
Additional items to be taken into account include: masonry repair.
Cracking should be monitored where continuing
TIMBER FLOORS movement that could adversely affect the structure
• joist size, span and condition is suspected.
• bearings to Joists More serious cracks can be caused by:
• sleeper walls • sulfate attack (expansion of jointing mortar)
• dpcs provided beneath wall plates • wall tie corrosion (cracking of mortar beds)
• excessive drilling and notching of joists • roof spread (walls pushed out of plumb)
• condition of related dpm, dpcs (bridged, damaged, • outer leaf pushed outwards, rotation of sills, heads
not adequately linked) etc. (timber frame ties unsuitable or wrongly fixed)
• effective ventilation of sub-floor void • subsidence, ground movement (cracks widening
and extending to outer edge of walls).
• sloping or sagging floors, gaps below skirting
• any existing insulation. RENDERING
• many fine cracks (shrinkage or over-strong mix)
• detached from substrate (shrinkage, or effect
of sulfate reaction)
• render should not bridge the dpc.
Weathering details should be checked e.g. parapet
copings, sills, eaves, bottom edge of rendering.

NHBc Standards tor Conversions and Renovations Paqe 27 of 31


April 2005 edition Effec5oe July 2005
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations

SURVEY(S) OF (m) internal partitions


The survey(s) should confirm that existing internal
EXISTING BUILDINGS partitions have adequate strength for their purpose.
The effect of alterations on existing partitions should
LATERAL RESTRAINT be ascertained.
• walls that provide end restraint or intermediate
buttressing to external walls should be effectively (n) separating walls and floors
bonded or tied to the relevant external wall The survey(s) should identify the adequacy of
• floor and roof timbers should have effective existing separating walls and floors, including their
bearing on supporting walls; lateral restraint resistance to:
straps may be required. Effective anchorage • spread of fire and smoke (separating walls in
may be required. some older houses may not continue into the
roof space)
STABILITY OF CAVITY WALLS
• sound.
The survey(s) should establish whether there is
corrosion of wall ties and recommend appropriate The above should also be established for walls and
remedial action. floors which will act as separating elements in the
converted building.
CURTAIN WALLING AND CLADDING
• condition of existing system including glazing units, (o) chimneys, flues, fireplaces and hearths
gaskets and seals Items to be taken into account include:
• damaged or detached cladding panels • structural stability, including whether rebuilding
• detached or missing insulation is necessary

• damaged or defective fixings • condition of mortar, pointing, brickwork,


rendering, masonry
• damaged felt or breather membrane.
• condition of flashings and soakers, capping,
flaunching or chimney pots
(j) support of openings
Existing lirtels should be examined to establish their • suitability of flues for proposed appliances
structural stability, taking account of possible altered • condition of linings / parging to flues
loadings caused by the conversion or renovation of
the building. • proximity of combustible materials to
flues/flue pipes
(k) external walls — rain penetration • condition of existing fireplaces, hearths.
and dampness
Items to be taken into account include: (p) timber upper floors
• evidence of rain penetration Items to be taken into account include:

• evidence of rising damp e.g. lack of, discontinuous, • joist size, span and condition
or defective dpc, or bridged dpc, cavity trays, • bearings to joists where bedded in solid brickwork,
vertical dpcs
or joist hangers
• evidence of internal condensation (staining) • excessive drilling and notching of joists
• blocked rainwater goods.
• sloping or sagging floors, gaps below skirting
It should not be assumed that solid walls
• effect of proposed alterations.
that are dry on the inner face at the time of
survey(s), would remain so during adverse
weather conditions.

(i) external walls — exposure rating


The survey(s) should establish the exposure rating
of the building. Buildings that were not previously
dwellings will require particular attention, as the
exclusion of dampness into the building may not
have been critical in the former use.

Page 28 of 3i NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations


Effective: July 2005 Aprii 2005 edition
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations

(q) concrete upper floors WEATHERPROOFING/INSULATION


Items to be taken into account include: Roof coverings will normally be removed and replaced.
• type and condition of floor Where it is proposed to retain any esinting pitched
roof coverings, the survey(s( should accurately
• where bearing on walls, condition of supporting
establish the current condition and anticipated
area of wall
durability of the coverings e.g. damaged,
• condition of supporting beams, and supporting deteriorated, missing, broken or slipped units.
area of wall
Additional items to be taken into account include
• suitability of floor to take new loadings the condition and adequacy of esinting:
• condition of screod. • flashings
• soffits, fascias and bargeboards etc.
(r) staircases
Items to be taken into account include: • sarking felt etc
• structural stability eg. condition of timber • rainwater disposal goods, gutters and
generally, escessive movement/sloping of treads, downpipes etc
risers, landings; reliability of handrails/balusters • insulation
• consistency of rise and going, pitch and headroom • ventilation.
• safety aspects where staircase is lit by glazing
• whether the stairs are safe to use and (t) flat roofs, balconies
unobstructed by opening of doors Roof coverings will normally be removed and replaced.
• ssitability for possible use an means of escape in Additional items to be taken into account include:
case of fire.
• adequacy of joist bearings, lateral restraint,
condition of joists, size and span of joists
(s) pitched roofs
• condition of reinforced concrete
STRUCTURE • condition/adequacy of insulation within
Items to be taken into account include: roof system
• size, span and condition of structural members • condition of guarding, and of its fisingn
• evidence of spread • adequacy of falls, signs of ponding
• undulations in ridge line, or in slating/tiling • condition of flanhings, eaves details
• adequate triangulation, purlin support • condition of rainwater disposal.
• proper support of water tanks and possibility
of estra loading (u) doors, windows, external joinery
and metalwork
• joints and connections between members,
including metal fasteners (signs of corrosion( Items to be taken into account include:

• bracing, lateral restraint • estent of damage or deterioration to


aluminium windows
• bearing on supporting structure
• estent of corrosion to metal windows — whether
• location, dimensions and structural condition of restoration is feasible
access to loft space
• estent of rot in timber windows, doors including
• condition of narking boards.
frames, sills, thresholds
• effectiveness of throatings, weather bars and
other weatherings
• the condition of esisting ironmongery
• security — esisting ironmongery may
be inappropriate
• safety — additional guarding to openings may
be reqsired.

NHBC standards tsr cnnversinns and Rvnssatinns Page 29 stat


April 2005 editinn Ettective. mi9 2005
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations

ELECTRICAL
SURVEY(S) OF
A new electrical service will be required unless
EXISTING BUILDINGS it can be shown that the existing service is in a
safe condition and will have a reasonable
(v) glazing life expectancy.
Existing insulating glass units should normally Items to be taken into account include.
be replaced.
• the age of the existing installation
Items to be taken into account include:
• whether the existing installation is suitable
• security — existing glazing systems may for extending.
be inappropriate
• safety — where there is a risk of accidental breakage. GAS
The gas service should be replaced unless it
(w) internal joinery can be shown that the existing service is in
a safe condition and will have a reasonable
Items to be taken into account include
life expectancy.
• condition of joinery
Items to be taken into account include:
• condition of ironmongery
• condition/suitability of flues for gas installation
• condition of internal partitions.
• gas pipes in unventilated voids
(x) finishes • corrosion of steel pipes
Items to be taken into account include • whether the existing installation is suitable
• soundness of plaster, plasterboard on walls and for extending
ceilings etc where these are to be retained
SPACE HEATING
• condition of decorative work e.g. friezes, cornices
The condition and capacity of any existing means
and ceiling roses
of space heating should be established.
• feasibility of providing matching work as required.
ABOVE GROUND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
(y) services Where existing systems are to be retained and/or
extended the new system should substantially meet
WATER with current requirements.
Where existing hot and cold water services are to be
retained their current condition should be established.
(z) Painting and decorating
Items to be taker into account include Items to be taken into account include
• drinking water • the condition of existing painting and decoration
• cold water storage • whether existing painting, when cleaned down can
provide a stable substrate for new work to enable
• hot water storage
satisfactory and durable finish
• water heating
• where necessary, timber doors and windows
• distribution — lead pipework should be removed should be stripped before redecoration
and replaced
• metal doors and windows should be stripped
• protection against frost before redecoration
• controls • any special coatings required e.g breathable paints.

Page 30 of 31 NHBC Standards for Conversions and Renovations


Effective July 2005 Apni 2005 edition
APPENDIX B
Conversions and Renovations U
(aa) access
Items to be taken into account include:
• condition of existing paths and drives
• levels of paths etc and ground adjacent to
the buildings.

(ab) garages and outbuildings


The survey(s) should identify the condition of
buildings which will be used for garages, workshops
or storage, etc and establish their suitability for
that use.

(ac) freestanding walls and retaining structures


Items to be taker into account include:
• the stability and condition of freestanding and
retaining structures
• the effect of any proposed changes in loading
• the effect of any adjacent excavations or changes
in ground levels etc
• that all weatherproofing details necessary to ensure
durability are present and in satisfactory condition

(ad) garden areas and landscaping


Items to be taken into account include:
• the effect of any changes in levels
• any waterlogging within 3.Om of the habitable
parts of the building
• whether proposed works increase the risk of
such waterlogging
• the effect of any trees or shrubs that have been,
or will be, removed.

NHBC Standards for Conversions and RenovaSons Page 31 ot 31


Apnl 2005 edition Effective tuly 2005
NHBC, Buildmark House, Chiltern Avenue, Amersham, Bucks HP6 SAP
Tel: 0870 241 4302 Fax: 01494 735201
e-mail: technical@nhbc.co.uk www.nhbc.co.uk

NHBC, 42 Colinton Road, Edinburgh, Scotland EH 10 5BT


Tel: 0131 313 1001 Fax:0131 313 1211

NHBC, Holyrood Court, 59 Malone Road, Belfast BT9 6SA


Tel: 0289068 3131 Fax:028 9038 6001

No reproduction without NHBC consent.


© NHBC 2005