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# 7/16/2018 Triangles - Equilateral, Isosceles and Scalene

Triangles
A triangle has three sides and three angles

## Equilateral, Isosceles and Scalene

There are three special names given to triangles that tell how many sides (or angles) are equal.

## There can be 3, 2 or no equal sides/angles:

Equilateral Triangle
60°
Three equal sides
60° 60°
Three equal angles, always 60°

Isosceles Triangle
= =
Two equal sides
Two equal angles

Scalene Triangle

No equal sides
No equal angles

## What Type of Angle?

Triangles can also have names that tell you what type of angle is inside:

Acute Triangle
<90°
All angles are less than 90°

Right Triangle
90°
Has a right angle (90°)

Obtuse Triangle
>90°
Has an angle more than 90°

## Combining the Names

Sometimes a triangle will have two names, for example:
https://www.mathsisfun.com/triangle.html 1/3
7/16/2018 Triangles - Equilateral, Isosceles and Scalene
Right Isosceles Triangle
=
Has a right angle (90°), and also two equal angles
=
Can you guess what the equal angles are?

## Play With It ...

Try dragging the points around and make different triangles:

Equilateral Triangle
The triangle has three equal sides and three equal
angles of 60° each.

Reset
© 2015 MathsIsFun.com v0.89

## You might also like to play with the Interactive Triangle .

Perimeter
The perimeter is the distance around the edge of the triangle: just add up the three sides:

## Perimeter = 203 + 145 + 208 = 556

Reset
© 2015 MathsIsFun.com v0.89

Area
The area is half of the base times height.

## "b" is the distance along the base

h
"h" is the height (measured at right angles to the base)

Area = ½ × b × h b

## Example: What is the area of this triangle?

https://www.mathsisfun.com/triangle.html 2/3
7/16/2018 Triangles - Equilateral, Isosceles and Scalene

12

20

## (Note: 12 is the height, not the length of the left-hand side)

Height = h = 12

Base = b = 20

Area = ½ × b × h = ½ × 20 × 12 = 120

The base can be any side, Just be sure the "height" is measured at right angles to the "base":

## Area = ½ × 203 × 137 = 13905.5

Reset
© 2015 MathsIsFun.com v0.89

(Note: You can also calculate the area from the lengths of all three sides using Heron's Formula .)

## Why is the Area "Half of bh"?

Imagine you "doubled" the triangle (flip it around one of the upper edges) to make a
square-like shape (a parallelogram ) which can be changed to a simple rectangle :

x2
h h

b b

THEN the whole area is bh, which is for both triangles, so just one is ½ × bh.

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