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From today's featured article
Nelson Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid
revolutionary and political leader. A Xhosa, in the 1940s he joined the African
National Congress (ANC) party and campaigned against the white-only government's
system of apartheid, a form of racial segregation that privileged whites. An
African nationalist and socialist, in 1961 he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we
Sizwe, which led a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government. He was
arrested in 1962, convicted of conspiring to overthrow the state, and imprisoned
for 27 years. Released in 1990 amid growing ethnic strife and violence, he became
leader of the ANC and helped negotiate an end to apartheid with President F. W. de
Klerk. In the country's first multi-racial election, in 1994, he was elected
President of South Africa. His administration stressed racial reconciliation and
measures to alleviate poverty. He retired in 1999 to focus on philanthropic causes.
Controversial throughout much of his life, in South Africa he is widely regarded as
the "Father of the Nation". (Full article...)

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Did you know...
Serra Cross
Serra Cross
... that the Serra Cross (pictured) in Ventura, California, was sold in response to
a threatened lawsuit challenging the use of public funds to maintain a religious
symbol on public land?
... that Croatian concentration camp commander Vjekoslav Luburić's wife divorced
him in 1957 after she was sent an anonymous letter detailing his crimes?
... that in its early years, the Indian National Theatre troupe traveled in two
lorries and used them as a stage?
... that Chief was the United States Army's last living operational cavalry horse?
... that in Der goldene Drache, the ninth opera by Péter Eötvös, five singers
perform 18 characters, switching age and gender?
... that when she successfully auditioned for the role of Louise Mitchell, actress
Tilly Keeper thought she was auditioning for another character?
... that Hu Wei became a division commander at the age of only 29, but soon
suffered a setback at the Battle of Dengbu Island?
... that during the Petticoat Revolution, Laura Starcher became mayor of Umatilla,
Oregon, while keeping her candidacy a secret from her husband—the current mayor—
until the afternoon of election day?
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In the news
France national football team
France national football team
In association football, the FIFA World Cup concludes with France (team pictured)
defeating Croatia in the final.
At least 154 people are killed and more than 220 others are injured in multiple
bombings in Mastung and Bannu, Pakistan.
Scientists announce the discovery of stone tools dating to 2.1 million years ago in
Shangchen, China, the oldest evidence of hominins outside Africa.
In Germany, the National Socialist Underground trial ends after more than five
years with the sentencing of the main defendant, Beate Zschäpe, to life in prison.
Twelve boys and a man trapped in Thailand's Tham Luang Nang Non cave are rescued.
Recent deaths: Ray Emery Theo-Ben Gurirab Tin Ka Ping Lord Carrington
Other recent events Nominate an article
On this day
July 18

Silvio Berlusconi
Silvio Berlusconi
1290 – Edward I issued an edict expelling all Jews from England.
1806 – A gunpowder magazine explosion in Birgu, Malta, killed around 200 people.
1949 – Francisco Javier Arana, Chief of the Armed Forces of Guatemala, was killed
in a shootout with supporters of President Juan José Arévalo.
1966 – Angered by racism and poverty, African American residents of the Hough
neighborhood of Cleveland, Ohio, began to riot for six days.
2014 – Silvio Berlusconi (pictured), the former Prime Minister of Italy, who had
previously been found guilty of paying for an underage prostitute, had his
conviction overturned on appeal.
Bartolomé de las Casas (d. 1566) · Clare Stevenson (b. 1903) · Priyanka Chopra (b.

More anniversaries: July 17 July 18 July 19

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Today's featured picture
Saint-Jacques Tower
Saint-Jacques Tower is a monument located in the 4th arrondissement of Paris,
France, on Rue de Rivoli at Rue Nicolas Flamel. This 52-metre (171 ft) Flamboyant
Gothic tower is all that remains of the former 16th-century Church of Saint-
Jacques-de-la-Boucherie, which was demolished in 1797 during the French Revolution.
It is considered a national historic landmark.

Photograph: Benh Lieu Song

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