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Journal of Nepal Geological socie~, 2015, Vol. 48 (Sp. Issue)

Mass extinction and global paleoclimate cbange across Cretaceous- Tertiary


boundary in the northern and southern hemispheres
I
Vinod C. Tewari I

Himalaya 203, South Vanasthali, Mandir Lane, Ballupur; Dehradun,


Uttarakhand, India
E-mail: vinodt1954@yahoo.co.in I
I II
The KTB sections at Stevns Klint, Gubbio, Neuquen
Basin, Salta Basin, Paraiba Basin, Trieste
Well-known sequences of the Cretaceous-Tertiary Karst (Padriciano in northeastern Italy),
Boundary from India, Europe and South America have been Jhilmill intertrappean sediments in
reviewed from the northern and southern hemispheres. The Central India, and Meghalaya (Mahadeo
Urn Sohryngkew section of Meghalaya is located in and Langpar formations in Um
northeastern India, approximately 800-1000 km from the Sohryngkew River section, Shillong
Deccan volcanic province in Central India and represents the plateau) in northeastern India hate been
most complete KTB marine sequence known from Indian discussed. All these crucial sections have
subcontinent. It is correlatable globally with the most been reviewed and correlated based on
complete sequences. The Um Sohryngkew section is well high-resolution biostratigrarhy and mass
extinction, carbon-isotope
exposed in the Meghalaya, near Therria village, East Khasi
chemostratigraP9Y' sedimentary
Hills District, Shillong Plateau, northeastern India. The KTB
microfacies analysis, paleoclimatic
in this section is characterized by a thin red day layer enriched
changes and major, trace and platinum
in Ir and other PGE with abundant subangular quartz grains.
group elements geochemistry. The KTB
The Mahadeo Sandstone just below the KTB shows glauconite
sections from Europe represent
grains. The US section suggests a shallow marine coastal,
completelboundary sequences. In the
estuarine and nearshore tidal flat depositional environment. Southern Hemisphere, Meghalaya in the
The conformably overlying LangparLakadong Formations of Shillong Plateau is the only complete
Paleocene-Eocene age confirm shallow-marine shelf-carbonate sequence which displays a well preserved
ramp sedimentation. The northward movement of the Indian KTB layer.In South America Bajada del
Plate during the Late Cretaceous-Paleogene period, rise of Jaguel displays almost complete KTB
Himalaya and the paleogeography of the southern and northern layer.Rbcent results of occurrence of
hemispheres with special reference to the collision of the iridium anomaly, strong negative shift of
Indian plate and the Eurasian plate is discussed in the light of Ol3C values across the KTB, presence of
the new data. ~icrotektites at the top of a Maastrichtian
breccia in an outcrop near Padriciano and
Hg isotope from some sections hate thrown new light on the cause of mass extinction at the IKTB. This section
displays strong evidence of mass extinction well preserved KTB layer, stable isotope excursion ahd sea level
change and can be correlated with the El Kef Global Stratotype Section and
Point (GSSP) in Tunisia. I
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