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Stainless Steel

Aluminium
Copper, Brass & Bronze
Nickel Alloys
The information contained herein is based on our present knowledge and experience and is given in
good faith. However, no liability will be accepted by the Company in respect of any action taken by
any third party in reliance thereon.

As the products detailed herein may be used for a wide variety of purposes and as the Company
has no control over their use, the Company specifically excludes all conditions or warranties
expressed or implied by statute or otherwise as to dimensions, properties and/or their fitness for any
particular purpose. Any advice given by the Company to any third party is given for that party’s
assistance only and without any liability on the part of the Company.

Any contract between the Company and a customer will be subject to the Company’s Conditions of
Sale. The extent of the Company’s liabilities to any customer is clearly set out in those Conditions;
a copy of which is available on request.

Weights

All weights shown in this publication are for guidance only. They are calculated using nominal
dimensions and scientifically recognised densities. Please note that in practice, the actual weight
can vary significantly from the theoretical weight due to variations in manufacturing tolerances
and compositions.

Copyright 2002: All Rights reserved: Amari Metals Limited. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, sorted in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of the proprietor.

‘Issue No. 2-11/2004’


1

CONTENTS

The Company 2-3

Stainless Steel:
Introduction & Special Products 4
Rolled Products (Sheet & Plate) 4
Bar & Sections 8
Pipe 14
Butt Weld Fittings 17
Flanges 21
Seamless Tube 23
Hygienic Tube & Fittings 25
High Purity Tube & Fittings 26
Screwed Fittings 28
Socket Weld Fittings 29
Structural & Decorative Tube 30
Technical Information 34

Aluminium:
Introduction 38
Extrusions 38
Rolled Products (Sheet & Plate) 42
Special Products 44
Technical Information 46

Copper Alloys:
Introduction & Special Products 48
Brass 48
Copper 53
Bronze 56
Technical Information 58

Nickel Alloys
Stock & Special Products 60
Technical Information 62

General Data 66

Branches Back cover


2

Aalco, founded in 1964, is today Standard Stock and


the UK’s largest independent ‘Specials’
multi-metals stockholder, with a This catalogue is intended to provide
£25 million inventory spanning an overview of the product range
aluminium, stainless steel, copper, together with the essential basic
brass, bronze and nickel alloys in all technical information. Please note
semi-finished forms. that the sizes shown for each
Aalco provides customers with a cost- product are those most widely used spanning decoiling, levelling, slitting
effective single source for all their and that many more options are and blanking. In addition, Aalco
metals requirements, together with available from Aalco’s 10,000 item regularly arranges other services for
a comprehensive processing service standard stock range. customers on a sub-contract basis.
offering all stock in standard sizes or Aalco has developed particular
Aalco also hold a significant range of
cut to customer’s instructions as well specialities in four key areas:
non-standard products as well as
as finishing and coating. No order is special items for particular industries Bar, tube and pipe cutting
too large or too small and Aalco and individual customers. In fact For bar, capacity is available to
offers a responsive and competitive around 40% of the stock at individual accurately cut anything from a single
service for supplying anything from branches falls into this category. 16"/406mm diameter billet to high
single item orders to major JIT
volume repetition
contracts, tailoring this service to the
blanking. For
individual needs of every customer.
tubular products
The unique combination of unrivalled there is an
product range, extensive processing equally flexible
facilities and flexible service makes range of facilities.
Aalco a clear market leader. This means
What’s more Aalco’s exceptional reliable deliveries
customer service means that 30,000 of cut pieces
customers from every sector of UK across the whole
manufacturing and engineering product range.
industry rely on Aalco for their
metals supplies. Processing Services Plate processing
Processed metals save time and Aalco’s plate processing facilities
With 20 companies across England,
money so many customers have provide a unique range of possibilities
Scotland, Wales & Ireland, Aalco
a need for cutting services. for cutting stainless steel, aluminium,
delivers to every corner of the UK.
Understanding this, Aalco is copper, brass, bronze and nickel alloy
Every Aalco branch holds stocks to
committed to providing an effective plate that is unmatched in the UK.
meet the immediate needs of
response and has thus made major Plate saws handle 4000mm lengths
customers in their local area.
investments in a wide range of in thicknesses up to 155mm. Plasma
This is backed up by bulk stocks
advanced processing equipment at cutting on air or submerged beds
held at a central warehouse.
both local branches and central provides blanks up to 130mm thick,
For a quotation, for further facilities. Most branches have on-site 2000mm wide, 4000mm long. Band
information, more extensive technical bar sawing, protective PVC coating saws cut circles 100mm thick up to
information, advice on product of sheet and a guillotine. Central 1000mm diameter. Laser cutting
selection or to place an order, please facilities include plate saws, provides a clean, accurate edge for
contact your local Aalco branch as polishing of sheet & coil and plasma thicknesses up to 50mm in 2000mm
shown on the back cover. profiling as well as coil processing widths and 4000mm lengths.
3

Water Jet cutting provides intricate


detail to close tolerances for
thicknesses up to 100mm in 2000mm
width plates up to 4000mm long.
Guillotining provides cut plates up to
14 metres long, 12mm thick and
2000mm wide. Abrasive Disc cutting
provides a clean, smooth, square-cut This enables customers to benefit
Quality
edge on plates up to 75mm thick, from assistance in materials selection
Aalco takes great care when
2000mm wide, 4000mm long. In and choice of the most cost effective
selecting manufacturing sources for
addition Aalco offer Plate Decoiling processing options.
its products. Every mill is subjected
up to 12mm thick and 2000mm wide
to careful scrutiny and must meet
to provide plate blanks up to Whatever your requirement, in
a schedule of quality control
4000mm long. whatever quantity, it will pay you
requirements. Therefore, all products
supplied by Aalco conform to the to discuss your needs with your
Coil processing
relevant BS or international standard. local Aalco branch.
Our coil processing services cover
decoiling, levelling, slitting, spool A certificate of conformity or analysis
winding, blanking, piercing, notching can be supplied on request.
and circling as well as polishing and
Aalco branches operate a quality
protective coating. Aluminium and
manual designed to ISO9000/2000
stainless steel in thicknesses from
requirements. Many vendor
0.1mm to 3.0mm with widths up to
approvals and bespoke quality
2000mm are processed to close
control systems are operated
tolerances on a 22 specialist lines
through individual Aalco branches.
within a dedicated group facility that
is unequalled in Europe.
People
Surface finishing
Exceptional customer service starts
A significant percentage of the with people. Flexible people, whom
stainless steel sheet used today is
customers can trust and rely upon
supplied with a polished finish.
to provide quality advice and
Aalco has extensive polishing facilities
informed product knowledge in a
providing a range of finishes to meet
friendly manner.
every application. This includes a full
range of ground finishes as well as Aalco attracts, develops and retains
the premium OPTISHEEN™ finish. high quality people. Continuous
The unique wet-cut OPTISHEEN™ development of their skills includes
process produces a very consistent an in-house product-training
high quality surface meeting the programme giving them a complete
highest food-industry standards. understanding of the full range.
Aalco supplies many other surface-
finished products including polished
stainless steel plate, coil and tube,
anodised aluminium sheet and
extrusions as well as various
coloured and/or textured coatings.
4

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET)

Stainless steel is not a single specific


Sheet 1.4301 (304) 2B Finish EN10088.2-95
material – it is the name given to a
group of corrosion-resistant steels Size Weight Size Weight
(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)
containing a minimum of 11%
chromium – varying additions of 2000 x 1000 x 0.5 8.2 3000 x 1500 x 1.2 44.2
nickel, molybdenum, titanium, 2500 x 1250 x 0.5 12.8 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6
niobium and other elements may 2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4
also be present. The mechanical 2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 3000 x 1500 x 1.5 55.3
properties, corrosion resistance and 2000 x 1000 x 0.8 13.1 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 32.7
behaviour in service of each type of 2500 x 1250 x 0.8 20.5 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2
steel depends upon its composition 2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 3000 x 1500 x 2.0 73.7
and consequently a carefully 2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 2000 x 1000 x 2.5 40.9
considered choice of steel is vital. 3000 x 1500 x 0.9 33.2 2500 x 1250 x 2.5 63.9
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 16.4 3000 x 1500 x 2.5 92.1
Aalco stocks all of the commonly
2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6 2000 x 1000 x 3.0 49.6
required forms of stainless steel
3000 x 1500 x 1.0 36.8 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 77.5
including sheet, coil, strip, plate,
2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 112
bar and sections as well as a full
2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7
range of tube, pipe, fittings and
flanges. In addition to a
comprehensive range of standard
products, Aalco branches stock
industry specific items and customer Sheet 1.4301 (304) 2R (BA) Finish EN10088.2-95
specials with numerous specialist
Size Weight Size Weight
products and alloys satisfying the (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)
needs of a broad range of
2000 x 1000 x 0.5 8.2 2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6
industries. Aalco also provides a
2500 x 1250 x 0.5 12.8 2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6
complete range of processing
2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7
services spanning: bar, tube & pipe
2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6
cutting; plate processing; coil
2500 x 1250 x 0.8 20.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4
processing and surface finishing.
2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 32.7
2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 16.4

Sheet 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) 2B Finish EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 3000 x 1500 x 1.5 55.3


2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 32.7
2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2
2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 3000 x 1500 x 2.0 73.7
2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6 2000 x 1000 x 2.5 40.9
2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6 2500 x 1250 x 2.5 63.9
2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7 3000 x 1500 x 2.5 92.1
3000 x 1500 x 1.2 44.2 2000 x 1000 x 3.0 49.6
2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 77.5
2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 112
5

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET)

Sheet 1.4301 (304) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7 2000 x 1000 x 2.5 40.9
2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 3000 x 1500 x 1.2 44.2 2500 x 1250 x 2.5 63.9
2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6 3000 x 1500 x 2.5 92.1
2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4 2000 x 1000 x 3.0 49.6
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 16.4 3000 x 1500 x 1.5 55.3 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 77.5
2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 32.7 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 112
3000 x 1500 x 1.0 36.8 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2
2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6 3000 x 1500 x 2.0 73.7

Sheet 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2


3000 x 1500 x 1.2 44.2 3000 x 1500 x 2.0 73.7
2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 77.5
3000 x 1500 x 1.5 55.3 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 112

Sheet 1.4016 (430) Polished 240 grit, white poly coat EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6


2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6
2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7
2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 16.4 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4

Sheet 1.4016 (430) 2R (BA) Finish EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5 8.2 2500 x 1250 x 1.0 25.6


2500 x 1250 x 0.5 12.8 2000 x 1000 x 1.2 19.6
2000 x 1000 x 0.7 11.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.2 30.7
2500 x 1250 x 0.7 17.9 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 24.6
2500 x 1250 x 0.8 20.5 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 38.4
2000 x 1000 x 0.9 14.7 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 32.7
2500 x 1250 x 0.9 23.0 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.2
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 16.4
6

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Plate/Sheet 1.4003 1D Finish EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 1.5 (2B) 24.9 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 77.7 2500 x 1250 x 5.0 128
2500 x 1250 x 1.5 (2B) 38.9 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 112 3000 x 1500 x 5.0 184
2000 x 1000 x 2.0 33.2 2000 x 1000 x 4.0 66.4 2000 x 1000 x 6.0 98.2
2500 x 1250 x 2.0 51.8 2500 x 1250 x 4.0 102 2500 x 1250 x 6.0 153
3000 x 1500 x 2.0 74.6 3000 x 1500 x 4.0 147 3000 x 1500 x 6.0 221
2000 x 1000 x 3.0 49.7 2000 x 1000 x 5.0 81.9

Plate: Cold Rolled, Descaled ASTM A240, ASME SA 240 Type 1.4307 (304L) and 1.4404 (316L)
EN10088.2-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

4000 x 2000 x 2.0 136.0 3000 x 1500 x 4.0 153.0 4000 x 2000 x 5.0 340.0
6000 x 2000 x 2.0 204.0 4000 x 2000 x 4.0 272.0 6000 x 2000 x 5.0 510.0
4000 x 2000 x 3.0 204.0 6000 x 2000 x 4.0 409.0 2500 x 1250 x 6.0 159.0
6000 x 2000 x 3.0 306.0 2500 x 1250 x 5.0 133.0 3000 x 1500 x 6.0 230.0
2500 x 1250 x 4.0 106.0 3000 x 1500 x 5.0 191.0 4000 x 2000 x 6.0 408.0

CPP Plate 1D Finish ASTM A240, ASME SA240: 304, 304L, 304H, 321, 316, 316L, 310, UNS31803
EN10088.2-95: 1.4301, 1.4307, 1.4541, 1.4401, 1.4404, 1.0095, 1.4462

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 3.0 51.0 2500 x 1250 x 6.0 159 6000 x 1500 x 10.0 765
2500 x 1250 x 3.0 79.7 3000 x 1500 x 6.0 230 6000 x 2000 x 10.0 1020
3000 x 1500 x 3.0 115 4000 x 2000 x 6.0 408 8000 x 2000 x 10.0 1360
2000 x 1000 x 4.0 68.0 6000 x 2000 x 6.0 612 2500 x 1250 x 12.0 319
2500 x 1250 x 4.0 106 2500 x 1250 x 8.0 213 3000 x 1500 x 12.0 459
3000 x 1500 x 4.0 153 3000 x 1500 x 8.0 306 4000 x 1500 x 12.0 612
2000 x 1000 x 5.0 85.0 4000 x 2000 x 8.0 544 4000 x 2000 x 12.0 816
2500 x 1250 x 5.0 133 6000 x 2000 x 8.0 816 6000 x 1500 x 12.0 918
3000 x 1500 x 5.0 191 2500 x 1250 x 10.0 266 6000 x 2000 x 12.0 1224
4000 x 2000 x 5.0 340 3000 x 1500 x 10.0 383 8000 x 2000 x 12.0 1632
6000 x 2000 x 5.0 510 4000 x 1500 x 10.0 510
2000 x 1000 x 6.0 102 4000 x 2000 x 10.0 680

Welded Mesh Type 304

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

96” x 48” x 1/2” x 1/2” x 16 swg 6.50 48” x 96” x 3” x 1/2” x 12 swg 11.00
96” x 48” x 3” x /2” x 10 swg
1
16.00 96” x 48” x 1” x 1” x 12 swg 9.50
96” x 48” x 3” x / ” x 12 swg
1
2 11.00 96” x 48” x 1 / ” x 1 / ” x 10 swg
1
2
1
2 9.00
96” x 48” x 1” x 1” x 10 swg 13.00 96” x 48” x 2” x 2” x 10 swg 7.00
48” x 96” x 3” x 1/2” x 10 swg 16.00 96” x 48” x 2” x 2” x 12 swg 5.00
7

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)


Quarto Plate 1D Finish ASTM A240, ASME SA240: 304, 304L, 304H, 321, 316, 316L, 310, UNS31803
EN10088.2-95: 1.4301, 1.4307, 1.4541, 1.4401, 1.4404, 1.0095, 1.4462, BS1501 Pt3: 304S31,
304S11, 321S31, 316S31, 316S11, 310S16

Size Unit Weight Size Unit Weight Size Unit Weight


(mm) per square metre (Kg) (mm) per square metre (Kg) (mm) per square metre (Kg)

5 42.5 22 187 55 468


6 51.0 25 213 60 510
8 68.0 30 255 65 553
10 85.0 32 272 70 596
12 102 35 298 75 638
15 128 40 340 90 765
16 136 45 383 100 850
20 170 50 426 125 1063

Cold Rolled Tolerances (From EN 10259)


Thickness Thickness Tolerance Width Tolerance
T (mm) + or – (mm) for given Width -0mm / +mm as shown for given width
T over T less than Up to 1000mm Over 1000mm 600mm to 1000mm Over 1000mm

– 0.5 0.04 – 1.5 2.0


0.5 0.6 0.045 0.05 1.5 2.0
0.6 0.8 0.05 0.05 1.5 2.0
0.8 1.0 0.055 0.06 1.5 2.0
1.0 1.2 0.06 0.07 1.5 2.0
1.2 1.5 0.07 0.08 1.5 2.0
1.5 2.0 0.08 0.10 2.0 2.5
2.0 2.5 0.09 0.11 2.0 2.5
2.5 3.0 0.11 0.12 3.0 3.0
3.0 – 0.13 0.15 4.0 4.0
Length tolerance: –0 / 5mm for a 2 metre long sheet, -0 / + 7.5mm for a 3 metre long sheet, up to –0 / +25mm for a 10 metre long sheet

Hot Rolled Tolerances for Quarto Plate (From EN 10029)


Width (mm) Width tolerance (mm) Length (mm) Length tolerance (mm)
600 to <2000 -0 / +20 <4000 -0 / +20
2000 to <3000 -0 / +25 4000 to <6000 -0 / +30
3000 + over -0 / +30 6000 to <8000 -0 / +40
8000 to <10000 -0 / +50
Thickness Thickness Tolerance (mm)
Class A Class B Class C Class D
3.0 to 4.9 +0.8 / -0.4 +0.9 / -0.3 +1.2 / -0 +/- 0.6
5.0 to 7.9 +1.1 / -0.4 +1.2 / -0.3 +1.5 / -0 +/- 0.75
8.0 to 14.9 +1.2 / -0.5 +1.4 / -0.3 +1.7 / -0 +/- 0.85
15.0 to 24.9 +1.3 / -0.6 +1.6 / -0.3 +1.9 / -0 +/- 0.95
25.0 to 39.9 +1.4 / -0.8 +1.9 / -0.3 +2.2 / -0 +/- 1.1
40.0 to 79.9 +1.8 / -1.0 +2.5 / -0.3 +2.8 / -0 +/- 1.4
80.0 to 149.9 +2.2 / -1.0 +2.9 / -0.3 +3.2 / -0 +/- 1.6
150 and over +2.4 / -1.2 +3.3 / -0.3 +3.6 / -0 +/- 1.8

Hot Rolled Tolerances for Plate from Coil (From EN 10051)


Width (mm) Width tolerance (mm) Length (mm) Length tolerance (mm)
<1200 -0 / +3 <2000 -0 / +10
1200 to <1500 -0 / +5 2000 to <8000 -0 / 0.005 x Length
1500 + over -0 / +6 8000 + over -0 / 40

Thickness Thickness Tolerance + or – (mm) for given width in mm


Up to 1200 1200+ to 1500 1500+ to 1800 Over 1800
Up to 2.0 0.17 0.19 0.21 –
2.01 to 2.5 0.18 0.21 0.23 0.25
2.51 to 3.0 0.20 0.22 0.24 0.26
3.01 to 4.0 0.22 0.24 0.26 0.27
4.01 to 5.0 0.24 0.26 0.28 0.29
5.01 to 6.0 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.31
6.01 to 8.0 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.35
8.01 to 10.0 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.40
10.01 to 12.5 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.43
12.51 to 15.0 0.37 0.38 0.40 0.46
8

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Bright drawn EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

3mm 0.06 8mm 0.40 16mm 1.59


⁄ 8”
1
0.06 ⁄8”
3
0.56 11
⁄16” 1.89
4mm 0.10 10mm 0.62 18mm 2.01
⁄16”
3
0.14 ⁄16”
7
0.77 3
⁄4” 2.25
5mm 0.16 12mm 0.89 20mm 2.48
⁄4”
1
0.25 ⁄2”
1
1.00 22mm 3.00
6mm 0.22 ⁄16”
9
1.22 7
⁄8” 3.07
⁄4”
1
0.25 14mm 1.22 24mm 3.57
7mm 0.30 15mm 1.40 25mm 3.88
⁄16”
5
0.39 ⁄8”
5
1.56 1” 4.03

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Smooth Turned/Bright Ground EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

25mm 3.88 40mm 9.93 21⁄4” 20.3


1” 4.03 1 ⁄8”
5
10.6 60mm 22.3
11⁄8” 5.07 13⁄4” 12.2 23⁄8” 22.6
30mm 5.58 45mm 2 ⁄2”1
25.0
11⁄4” 6.25 17⁄8” 14.1 25⁄8” 27.6
1 ⁄8”
3
7.57 50mm 15.5 2 ⁄4”3
30.3
35mm 7.60 2” 16.0 3” 36.0
11⁄2” 9.01 21⁄8” 18.1

Round 1.4305 (303S31) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

31⁄4” 42.9 41⁄4” 73.4 5” 102


3 ⁄2”
1
49.8 4 ⁄2”
1
82.3 6” 146
33⁄4” 57.1 43⁄4” 91.7 7” 199
4” 65.0

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Bright Drawn EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

3mm 0.06 8mm 0.40 5


⁄8” 1.56
⁄ 8”
1
0.06 ⁄8”
3
0.56 16mm 1.59
4mm 0.10 10mm 0.62 11
⁄16” 1.89
⁄16”
3
0.14 ⁄16”
7
0.77 3
⁄4” 2.25
5mm 0.16 12mm 0.89 20mm 2.48
6mm 0.22 ⁄2”
1
1.00 7
⁄8” 3.07
⁄4”
1
0.25 ⁄16”
9
1.27 25mm 3.88
⁄16”
5
0.39 15mm 1.40 1” 4.03
9

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

25mm 3.88 11⁄2” 9.01 21⁄4” 20.3


1” 4.03 40mm 9.93 60 mm 22.3
1 ⁄8”
1
5.07 1 ⁄8”
5
10.6 2 ⁄2”1
25.0
30mm 5.58 13⁄4” 12.2 23⁄4” 30.3
1 ⁄4”
1
6.25 50 mm 15.5 3” 36.0
13⁄8” 7.57 2” 16.0

Round 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

3” 36.0 53⁄4” 134 9” 329


31⁄ 4” 42.9 6” 146 10” 406
31⁄ 2” 49.8 61⁄4” 101⁄2” 441
33⁄ 4” 57.1 61⁄2” 172 11” 492
4” 65.0 63⁄4” 285mm 512
41⁄4” 73.4 7” 199 12” 585
41⁄2” 82.3 185mm 216 340mm 728
5” 102 71⁄2” 229 14” 796
51⁄4” 110 8” 260 16” 1040
51⁄2” 123 81⁄2” 294

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Bright Drawn EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

3mm 0.06 ⁄ 8”
3
0.57 16mm 1.60
⁄ 8”
1
0.06 10mm 0.63 11
⁄ 16” 1.91
4mm 0.10 ⁄ 16”
7
0.77 18mm 2.03
⁄ 16”
3
0.14 12mm 0.90 3
⁄ 4” 2.27
5mm 0.16 ⁄ 2”
1
1.01 20mm 2.50
6mm 0.23 14mm 1.23 7
⁄ 8” 3.09
⁄ 4”
1
0.25 ⁄ 16”
9
1.28 24mm 3.60
⁄ 16”
5
0.39 15mm 1.41 25mm 3.91
8mm 0.40 ⁄ 8”
5
1.58 1” 4.03
10

BAR & SECTIONS

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Smooth Turned/Bright Ground EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

25mm 3.91 11⁄2” 9.08 21⁄8” 18.2


1” 4.03 40mm 10.0 21⁄4” 20.4
1 ⁄8”
1
5.11 1 ⁄8”
5
10.7 2 ⁄8”
3
22.8
30mm 5.63 13⁄4” 12.4 60mm 22.5
1 ⁄4”
1
6.30 45mm 12.7 2 ⁄2”
1
25.2
32mm 6.40 17⁄8” 14.2 25⁄8” 27.8
1 ⁄8”
3
7.63 50mm 15.6 2 ⁄4”
3
30.5
35mm 7.66 2” 16.1 3” 36.3

Round 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) Rough Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

3” 36.3 51⁄ 2” 123 81⁄ 2” 296


31⁄ 4” 43.2 53⁄ 4” 135 220mm 307
3 ⁄ 2”
1
50.2 6” 147 9” 332
33⁄ 4” 57.6 61⁄ 4” 160 10” 409
4” 65.5 61⁄ 2” 173 11” 495
41⁄ 4” 73.9 7” 201 285mm 515
4 ⁄ 2”
1
82.9 185mm 217 12” 590
43⁄ 4” 92.4 71⁄ 4” 215 340mm 734
5” 102 7 ⁄ 2”
1
230 14” 802
51⁄ 4” 113 8” 262 16” 1049

Round 1.4005 (416S21 QT650) Bright Drawn/Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

⁄4”
1
0.24 16mm 1.59 35mm 7.60
6mm 0.22 ⁄4”
3
2.19 1 ⁄2”
1
8.78
⁄16”
5
0.38 20mm 2.48 40mm 9.93
8mm 0.40 ⁄8”
7
2.99 1 ⁄4”
3
11.9
⁄8”
3
0.55 25mm 3.88 50mm 15.50
10mm 0.60 1” 3.90 2” 15.6
⁄16”
7
0.75 11⁄8” 4.94 21⁄4” 19.8
12mm 0.89 30mm 5.58 2 ⁄2”
1
24.4
⁄2”
1
0.98 11⁄4” 6.10 23⁄4” 29.5
⁄8”
5
1.53 1 ⁄8”
3
7.38 3” 35.1
11

BAR & SECTIONS

Duplex Round UNS31803/EN1.4462 Annealed/Smooth Turned EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

1” 4.03 2” 16.0 3” 36.0


11⁄ 4” 6.26 21⁄4” 20.3 31⁄ 4” 42.3
1 ⁄ 2”
1
9.07 2 ⁄2”
1
25.0 100mm 62.0
13⁄ 4” 12.3 23⁄ 4” 30.3

Round 1.4057 (431S29 QT850) Drawn/Smooth Turned/Peeled EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

6mm 0.22 ⁄ 4”
3
2.19 13⁄ 4” 11.9
8mm 0.40 20mm 2.42 45mm 12.2
⁄ 4”
1
0.24 ⁄ 8”
7
2.99 50mm 15.50
⁄ 16”
5
0.38 25mm 3.78 2” 15.6
⁄ 8”
3
0.55 1” 3.90 21⁄ 4” 19.8
10mm 0.60 1 ⁄ 8”
1
4.94 23⁄ 8” 22.0
⁄ 16”
7
0.75 30mm 5.58 2 ⁄ 2”
1
24.4
12mm 0.87 11⁄ 4” 6.10 25⁄ 8” 26.9
⁄ 2”
1
0.98 1 ⁄ 8”
3
7.38 2 ⁄ 4”
3
29.5
⁄ 16”
9
1.23 35mm 7.60 3” 35.1
⁄ 8”
5
1.53 11⁄ 2” 8.78 31⁄ 4” 41.2
16mm 1.55 40mm 9.93 31⁄ 2” 47.8

Flat 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) hot rolled EN10088.3-95


Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight
(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

20 x 10 1.58 25 x 15 2.96 60 x 20 9.48


25 x 10 1.98 30 x 15 3.56 75 x 20 11.9
30 x 10 2.37 40 x 15 4.74 100 x 20 15.8
40 x 10 3.16 50 x 15 5.93 30 x 25 5.93
50 x 10 3.95 60 x 15 7.11 40 x 25 7.90
60 x 10 4.74 75 x 15 8.88 50 x 25 9.88
75 x 10 5.93 100 x 15 11.9 60 x 25 11.9
100 x 10 7.90 25 x 20 3.95 75 x 25 14.8
20 x 12 1.90 30 x 20 4.74 100 x 25 19.8
25 x 12 2.37 40 x 20 6.32
30 x 12 2.84 50 x 20 7.90
12

BAR & SECTIONS

Flat 1.4301 (304) – 1.4404 (316L) Rolled Edge EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

12 x 3 0.28 75 x 5 2.96 75 x 8 4.74


20 x 3 0.47 100 x 5 3.95 100 x 8 6.32
25 x 3 0.59 12 x 6 0.57 25 x 10 1.98
30 x 3 0.71 20 x 6 0.95 30 x 10 2.37
40 x 3 0.95 25 x 6 1.19 40 x 10 3.16
50 x 3 1.19 30 x 6 1.42 50 x 10 3.95
60 x 3 1.42 40 x 6 1.90 60 x 10 4.74
75 x 3 1.78 45 x 6 2.13 75 x 10 5.93
100 x 3 2.37 50 x 6 2.37 80 x 10 6.32
12 x 5 0.47 60 x 6 2.84 100 x 10 7.90
20 x 5 0.79 75 x 6 3.56 40 x 12 3.79
25 x 5 0.99 100 x 6 4.74 50 x 12 4.74
30 x 5 1.19 25 x 8 1.58 60 x 12 5.69
40 x 5 1.58 30 x 8 1.90 75 x 12 7.11
45 x 5 1.78 40 x 8 2.53 100 x 12 9.48
50 x 5 1.98 50 x 8 3.16
60 x 5 2.37 60 x 8 3.79

Hexagon 1.4305 (303S31) & 1.4404 (316L) EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

.3125” 0.43 .710” 2.22 1.250” 6.90


.324” 0.46 .750” 2.48 1.300” 7.46
.375” 0.62 .820” 2.97 1.375” 8.35
.437” 0.84 .875” 3.38 1.480” 9.67
.500” 1.10 .920” 3.74 1.500” 9.93
.525” 1.22 .9375” 3.88 1.670” 12.3
.562” 1.39 1.010” 4.50 1.750” 13.5
.600” 1.59 1.100” 5.35 1.860” 15.3
.625” 1.73 1.125” 5.59 2.375” 24.9
17mm 1.98 1.200” 6.36 2.500” 27.6
13

BAR & SECTIONS

Equal Angle 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

20 x 20 x 3 0.88 40 x 40 x 3 1.83 60 x 60 x 5 4.58


25 x 25 x 3 1.12 40 x 40 x 5 2.96 60 x 60 x 6 5.40
25 x 25 x 5 1.78 40 x 40 x 6 3.51 60 x 60 x 10 8.69
25 x 25 x 6 2.09 50 x 50 x 3 2.30 70 x 70 x 6 6.35
30 x 30 x 3 1.35 50 x 50 x 5 3.75 70 x 70 x 10 10.3
30 x 30 x 5 2.17 50 x 50 x 6 4.46 100 x 100 x 6 9.20
30 x 30 x 6 2.56 50 x 50 x 10 7.11 100 x 100 x 10 15.0

Square 1.4301/1.4307 (304/304L) & 1.4401/1.4404 (316/316L) EN10088.3-95

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg) (mm) per metre (Kg)

6x6 0.28 16 x 16 2.02 11⁄2” x 11⁄2” 11.5


8x8 0.51 20 x 20 3.16 40 x 40 12.6
10 x 10 0.79 25 x 25 4.94 45 x 45 16.0
12 x 12 1.14 30 x 30 7.11 50 x 50 19.8

Hollow Bar 304S15 316S31


Aalco stock 160 sizes of hollow bar in the size range 32 x 20 to 190 x 132. For further information please
contact your local Aalco service centre.
14

PIPE

Seamless Pipe ASTM A312, 304L

WALL THICKNESS (mm)

NPS/NB SCH SCH SCH


(in) 10S 40S 80S

⁄4
1
– 0.088 0.119
⁄8
3
0.065 0.091 –
⁄2
1
0.083 0.109 0.147
⁄4
3
– 0.113 0.154
1 0.109 0.133 0.179
11⁄4 0.109 0.140 0.191
1 ⁄2
1
0.109 0.145 0.200
2 0.109 0.154 0.218
2 ⁄2
1
– 0.203 –
3 0.120 0.216 –
4 0.120 0.237 –
5 0.134 0.258 –
6 0.134 0.280 0.432
8 0.148 0.322 0.500

Seamless Pipe ASTM A312, 316L

WALL THICKNESS (mm)

NPS/NB SCH SCH SCH SCH


(in) 10S 40S 80S 160

⁄8
1
0.049 – – –
⁄4
1
0.065 0.088 0.119 –
⁄8
3
0.065 0.091 0.126 –
⁄2
1
0.083 0.109 0.147 0.188
⁄4
3
0.083 0.113 0.154 0.219
1 0.109 0.133 0.179 0.250
1 ⁄4
1
– – 0.191 –
11⁄2 0.109 0.145 0.200 0.281
2 0.109 0.154 0.218 0.344
21⁄2 0.120 0.203 0.276 –
3 0.120 0.216 0.300 0.438
31⁄2 0.120 0.226 – –
4 0.120 0.237 0.337 –
5 – 0.258 – –
6 0.134 0.280 0.432 –
8 0.148 0.322 0.500 0.906
15

PIPE

Welded Pipe ASTM A312, 304L & 316L


ASTM A312, 304L ASTM A312, 316L
WALL THICKNESS (mm) WALL THICKNESS (mm)
NPS/NB SCH SCH SCH NPS/NB SCH SCH SCH
(in) 5S 10S 40S (in) 5S 10S 40S

⁄2
1
0.065 0.083 0.109 ⁄2
1
0.065 0.083 0.109
⁄4
3
0.065 0.083 0.113 ⁄4
3
0.065 0.083 0.113
1 0.065 0.109 0.133 1 0.065 0.109 0.133
1 ⁄4
1
0.065 0.109 0.140 1 ⁄4
1
– 0.109 0.140
11⁄2 – 0.109 0.145 11⁄2 0.065 0.109 0.145
2 0.065 0.109 0.154 2 0.065 0.109 0.154
21⁄2 0.083 0.120 0.203 21⁄2 0.083 0.120 0.203
3 0.083 0.120 0.216 3 0.083 0.120 0.216
31⁄2 – 0.120 0.226 31⁄2 0.083 0.120 0.226
4 0.083 0.120 0.237 4 0.083 0.120 0.237
5 – 0.134 0.258 5 – 0.134 0.258
6 0.109 0.134 0.280 6 0.109 0.134 0.280
8 0.109 0.148 0.322 8 0.109 0.148 0.322
10 0.134 0.165 0.365 10 0.134 0.165 0.365
12 0.156 0.180 0.375 12 0.156 0.180 0.375
14 – 0.188 – 14 – 0.188 –
16 – 0.188 – 16 – 0.188 –
18 – 0.188 – 18 – 0.188 –
20 – 0.218 – 20 – 0.218 –
24 – 0.250 – 24 – 0.250 –

Tolerances

Wall Thickness: The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal
wall thickness specified.

Length (for cut lengths): -0/+6mm

Outside Diameter: -0.8mm (0.031”) and plus the amount shown in the table.

Nominal Pipe Size (in) 1


⁄8 to 11⁄2 11⁄2+ to 4 4+ to 8 8+ to 18 18+ to 26 26+ to 34 34+ to 48

Plus Tolerance (mm) 0.400 0.800 1.600 2.400 3.200 4.000 4.800
on O/D (in) 0.015 0.031 0.062 0.093 0.125 0.156 0.187
16

PIPE

Pipe dimensions and weights per metre ANSI/ASME B36.19M-1985


1 1
OD Schedule 5S Schedule 10S Schedule 40S Schedule 80S
Pipe Size
Nominal

in mm in mm kg/m in mm kg/m in mm kg/m in mm kg/m


1
⁄8 0.405 10.3 – – – 0.049 1.24 0.28 0.068 1.73 0.37 0.095 2.41 0.47
1
⁄4 0.540 13.7 – – – 0.065 1.65 0.49 0.088 2.24 0.63 0.119 3.02 0.80
3
⁄8 0.675 17.1 – – – 0.065 1.65 0.63 0.091 2.31 0.84 0.126 3.20 1.10
1
⁄2 0.840 21.3 0.065 1.65 0.80 0.083 2.11 1.00 0.109 2.77 1.27 0.147 3.73 1.62
3
⁄4 1.050 26.7 0.065 1.65 1.03 0.083 2.11 1.28 0.113 2.87 1.69 0.154 3.91 2.20
1 1.315 33.4 0.065 1.65 1.30 0.109 2.77 2.09 0.133 3.38 2.50 0.179 4.55 3.24
1
1 ⁄4 1.660 42.2 0.065 1.65 1.65 0.109 2.77 2.70 0.140 3.56 3.39 0.191 4.85 4.47
11⁄2 1.900 48.3 0.065 1.65 1.91 0.109 2.77 3.11 0.145 3.68 4.05 0.200 5.08 5.41
2 2.375 60.3 0.065 1.65 2.40 0.109 2.77 3.93 0.154 3.91 5.44 0.218 5.54 7.48
21⁄2 2.875 73.0 0.083 2.11 3.69 0.120 3.05 5.26 0.203 5.16 8.63 0.276 7.01 11.41
3 3.500 88.9 0.083 2.11 4.51 0.120 3.05 6.45 0.216 5.49 11.29 0.300 7.62 15.27
31⁄2 4.000 101.6 0.083 2.11 5.18 0.120 3.05 7.40 0.226 5.74 13.57 0.318 8.08 18.63
4 4.500 114.3 0.083 2.11 5.84 0.120 3.05 8.36 0.237 6.02 16.07 0.337 8.56 22.32
5 5.563 141.3 0.109 2.77 9.47 0.134 3.40 11.57 0.258 6.55 21.77 0.375 9.53 30.97
6 6.625 168.3 0.109 2.77 11.32 0.134 3.40 13.84 0.280 7.11 28.26 0.432 10.97 42.56
8 8.625 219.1 0.109 2.77 14.79 0.148 3.76 19.96 0.322 8.18 42.55 0.500 12.70 64.64
10 10.750 273.1 0.134 3.40 22.63 0.165 4.19 27.78 0.365 9.27 60.31 0.500 12.70 2 2
96.012
12 12.750 323.9 0.156 3.96 31.25 0.180 4.57 36.00 0.375 2
9.53 2
73.88 0.500 12.70 132.082
2 2 2

14 14.000 355.6 0.156 3.96 34.36 0.1882 4.782 41.302 – – – – – –


16 16.000 406.4 0.165 4.19 41.56 0.1882 4.782 47.292 – – – – – –
18 18.000 457 0.165 4.19 46.81 0.188 2
4.78 2
53.26 2
– – – – – –
20 20.000 508 0.188 4.78 59.25 0.2182 5.542 68.612 – – – – – –
22 22.000 559 0.188 4.78 65.24 0.218 2
5.54 2
75.53 2
– – – – – –
24 24.000 610 0.218 5.54 82.47 0.250 6.35 94.45 – – – – – –
30 30.000 762 0.250 6.35 118.31 0.312 7.92 147.36 – – – – – –

Notes
1 Schedules 5S and 10S wall thicknesses do not permit threading in accordance with ANSI/ASME B1.20.1.
2 These dimensions and weights do not conform to ANSI/ASME B36.10M.
– The suffix ‘S’ after the schedule number indicates that the pipe dimensions and weight are in compliance with this stainless steel pipe
specification, ANSI/ASME B36.19M-1985, and not the more general ANSI/ASME B36.10M-1995 specification.
– Although this specification is applicable to stainless steel, quoted weights are for carbon steel pipe and should be multiplied by 1.014 for
austenitic and duplex steels, or by 0.985 for ferritic and martensitic steels.
17

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt weld fittings ASTM A403, 316L

NPS/NB 90° LR ELBOWS 90° SR ELBOWS 45° LR ELBOWS STUB


(in) ENDS

SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


10S 40S 80S 10S 40S 10S 40S 80S 10S

⁄2
1
✔ ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – –
⁄4
3
✔ ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
1 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
1 ⁄4
1
✔ ✔ – – – – – – –
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
21⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – – ✔ ✔ ✔
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
4 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
5 ✔ – ✔ ✔ – – – ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
8 ✔ ✔ – – – – – – ✔

NPS/NB EQUAL TEES END CAPS


(in)

SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


10S 40S 80S 10S 40S

⁄2
1
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
⁄4
3
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄4 ✔ – – ✔ ✔
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ⁄2
1
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
8 – ✔ – ✔ ✔
18

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 316L

NPS/NB CON RED ECC RED RED TEE


(in)

SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


10S 40S 80S 10S 40S 80S 10S 40S 80S

1 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ –
1 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄4 x 1 ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – – – –
11⁄2 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 x 1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 x 11⁄4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – – – –
2 x ⁄2
1
✔ – – – – – – – –
2 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – ✔ ✔ –
2x1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔
2 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
2 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2
1 1
– – – – – – ✔ – –
21⁄2 x 2 ✔ ✔ – – – – – – –
3x1 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ –
3 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔
3x2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3 x 21⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – – – –
4x2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ –
4x3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
6x3 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ –
6x4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ –
19

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L

NPS/NB 90° LR ELBOWS 45° LR ELBOWS STUB EQUAL TEES END CAPS
(in) ENDS

SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
10S 40S 80S 10S 40S 10S 10S 40S 80S 10S 40S

⁄2
1
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
⁄4
3
– ✔ ✔ – ✔ – – ✔ – – ✔
1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
21⁄2 – ✔ – – – – ✔ – – ✔ ✔
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔
4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔
8 ✔ – – – – ✔ – – – ✔ ✔

Seamless Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L

NPS/NB CON RED ECC RED RED TEE


(in)
SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
10S 40S 80S 10S 40S 10S 40S 80S
1 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 ⁄4 x 1
1
✔ ✔ – ✔ – – – –
11⁄2 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ – – – – – –
11⁄2 x 1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
2 x 3⁄4 – – – – – – – ✔
2x1 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ⁄2 x 2
1
✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ – – –
3 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3x2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3 x 21⁄2 ✔ – – – – – – –
4x2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
4x3 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
6x3 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
6x4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
20

BUTT WELD FITTINGS

Welded Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L, 316L

NPS/NB CON RED ECC RED RED TEES


(in)
SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
10S 40S 10S 40S 10S 40S
3
⁄4 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔
11⁄2 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔
11⁄2 x 1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 x 1⁄2 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔
2 x 3⁄4 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔
2 x1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
21⁄2 x 2 ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3x1 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔
3 x 11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
3x2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3 x 21⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ –
4x2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
4 x 21⁄2 ✔ – ✔ – ✔ ✔
4x3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
5x4 ✔ ✔ – – – –
6x3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
6x4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
8x4 ✔ ✔ – – – –
8x6 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – –
10 x 6 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – –
10 x 8 ✔ – ✔ – – –
12 x 8 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – –
12 x 10 ✔ ✔ ✔ – – –

Welded Butt Weld Fittings ASTM A403, 304L, 316L

NPS/NB 90° LR ELBOWS 45° LR ELBOWS EQUAL TEES STUB


(in) ENDS
SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
10S 40S 10S 40S 10S 40S 10S
1
⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3
⁄4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 ⁄4
1
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
21⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
8 ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔
10 ✔ – ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔
12 ✔ – ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔
21

FLANGES

Flanges ASTM A182, ANSI B16.5

Type 304L Type 316L


NPS/NB 150lb 150lb 300lb ATSM A182/ANSI B16.5
(in) RFWN RFWN RFWN Produced with dimensions to ANSI
304L 316L 316L
B16.5 from forgings to ASTM A182.
SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
10S 40S 10S 40S 10S 40S
⁄2
1
– ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
⁄4
3
✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
21⁄2 – – ✔ ✔ – –
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
4 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
8 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – –
10 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – –
12 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – –

Flanges ASTM A182, ANSI B16.5 Type 304L & 316L

NPS/NB 150lb RFSO 300lb RFSO 150lb RFB 300lb RFB


(in) 304L 316L 304L 316L 304L 316L 304L 316L
⁄2 1
✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
⁄4 3
✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
1 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
21⁄2 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – –
3 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
4 ✔ ✔ – ✔ ✔ ✔ – ✔
6 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
8 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
10 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔
12 ✔ ✔ – – ✔ ✔ – ✔

Flanges BS4504 – 1989

304L 316L 316L BS4504


(in) PN16/101 RF Slip On PN16/101 RF Slip On PN16/105 RF Blind This older standard is still commonly
1
⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔ used as it allows manufacture from
3
⁄4 – ✔ ✔
bar rather than forgings or plate
1 ✔ ✔ ✔
11⁄4 – ✔ –
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔
2 ✔ ✔ ✔
21⁄2 ✔ ✔ ✔
3 ✔ ✔ ✔
4 ✔ ✔ ✔
6 ✔ ✔ ✔
8 ✔ ✔ –
10 – ✔ –
22

FLANGES

‘Plate’ or ‘Table’ Flanges BS10 Table E 316L

(in) Blind Slip On BS10 Table E 316L


Standard BS10 Flanges
1
⁄2 – ✔ Produced to BS10 drilled to suit
Blind
3
⁄4 – ✔ nominal bore pipe sizes or O/D tube D
✔ ✔ E E
1 sizes. These are not produced from
11⁄2 ✔ ✔ forgings and are not pressure rated. T
2 ✔ ✔ They are available in Grades 304, P
21⁄2 ✔ ✔
304L, 316, 316L and 321 in sizes Slip-on
3 ✔ ✔ 1 D
4 ✔ ✔ ⁄2” NB to 6” NB. Larger sizes up to
E B E
6 ✔ ✔ 24” NB can also be supplied.
T
8 – ✔
P

Flanges – General Information


A Flange is a method of connecting pipes, valves, pumps and other
equipment to form a pipework system. It also provides easy access for
cleaning, inspection or modification. Flanges are usually welded or
screwed into such systems and then joined with bolts.

Flange Types
Weld Neck
This flange is circumferentially welded into the system at its neck which means
that the integrity of the butt welded area can be easily examined by radiography.
The bores of both pipe and flange match, which reduces turbulence and erosion
inside the pipeline. The weld neck is therefore favoured in critical applications
Slip-on
This flange is slipped over the pipe and then fillet welded. Slip-on flanges are
easy to use in fabricated applications.
Blind
This flange is used to blank off pipelines, valves and pumps, it can also be used
as an inspection cover. It is sometimes referred to as a blanking flange.
Socket Weld
This flange is counter bored to accept the pipe before being fillet welded.
The bore of the pipe and flange are both the same therefore giving good flow
characteristics.
Threaded
This flange is referred to as either threaded or screwed. It is used to connect
other threaded components in low pressure, non-critical applications.
No welding is required.
Lap Joint
These flanges are always used with either a stub end or taft which is butt welded
to the pipe with the flange loose behind it. This means the stub end or taft
always makes the face. The lap joint is favoured in low pressure applications
because it is easily assembled and aligned. To reduce cost these flanges can be
supplied without a hub and/or in treated, coated carbon steel.
Ring Type Joint
This is a method of ensuring leak proof flange connection at high pressures.
A metal ring is compressed into a hexagonal groove on the face of the flange to
make the seal. This jointing method can be employed on Weld Neck, Slip-on and
Blind Flanges.
23

SEAMLESS TUBE

Seamless Tube ASTM A269, Type 316L

O/D Wall O/D Wall O/D Wall


(in) (swg) (in) (in) (swg) (in) (in) (swg) (in)

1
/8 24 7
/16 20 1 18
1
/8 22 1
/2 22 1 16
1
/8 20 1
/2 20 1 14
3
/16 24 1
/2 18 1 12
3
/16 22 1
/2 16 1 10
3
/16 20 1
/2 14 1 /4
1
16
3
/16 18 1
/2 1
/8 11/4 14
1
/4 22 5
/8 20 1 /4
1 1
/8
1
/4 20 5
/8 18 1 /2
1
16
1
/4 18 5
/8 16 11/2 1
/8
1
/4 16 5
/8 14 1 /4
3
16
5
/16 22 5
/8 1
/8 13/4 1
/8
5
/16 20 3
/4 20 2 1
/8
5
/16 18 3
/4 18 2 1
/4
5
/16 16 3
/4 16 21/2 16
3
/8 22 3
/4 14 21/2 1
/4
3
/8 20 3
/4 12 3 16
3
/8 16 3
/4 1
/8 3 10
3
/8 14 7
/8 16 3 1
/4
3
/8 1
/8 1 20 4 1
/4

O/D Wall O/D Wall O/D Wall


(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

6 0.5 14 1.5 25 1.5


6 1.0 14 2.0 25 2.0
6 1.5 15 1.0 25 2.5
8 1.0 15 1.5 25 3.0
8 1.5 15 2.0 30 1.5
10 1.0 16 1.5 30 2.0
10 1.5 16 2.0 30 3.0
10 2.0 18 1.5 38 3.0
12 1.0 20 1.5 38 4.0
12 1.5 20 2.0
12 2.0 22 1.5
24

SEAMLESS TUBE

Seamless Tube ASTM A269 Type 304L

O/D Wall O/D Wall O/D Wall


(mm) (mm) (in) (swg) (in) (swg)

6 1.0 1
/8 24 5
/8 20
8 1.0 3
/16 22 5
/8 18
10 1.0 1
/4 20 5
/8 16
10 2.0 1
/4 18 3
/4 20
12 1.0 1
/4 16 3
/4 18
15 1.0 5
/16 20 3
/4 16
15 1.5 3
/8 20 7
/8 18
15 2.0 3
/8 18 1 18
18 1.5 3
/8 16 1 /41
18
25 1.5 1
/2 18 2 16
50 2.0 1
/2 16

Standard Tolerances for welded and seamless cold finished tube (ASTM A 450/A 450M)

Variations in OD1 Variation in tmin2


Outside Diameter Ovality3
(OD) (Thin wall tube only)
Under Over Under Over
in mm in mm in mm % % in m
4 4
<1 <25.4 0.004 0.1 0.004 0.1 0 20 0.020 0.5
4 4
1 25.4 0.006 0.15 0.006 0.1 0 20 0.020 0.5
4 4
>1 to >25.4 to 0.006 0.15 0.006 0.15 0 20 0.020 0.5
11/2 38.1
4 4
>11/2 to >38.1 to 0.008 0.2 0.008 0.2 0 22 0.020 0.5
<2 <50.8
2 50.8 0.008 0.2 0.008 0.2 0 22 2.0% of OD
>2 to >50.8 to 0.010 0.25 0.010 0.25 0 22 2.0% of OD
21/2 63.5
>21/2 to >63.5 to 0.012 0.3 0.012 0.3 0 22 2.0% of OD
3 76.2
>3 to >76.2 to 0.015 0.38 0.015 0.38 0 22 2.0% of OD
4 101.6

Notes
1 Includes ovality tolerance except for thin wall tube
2 tmin = minimum wall thickness
3 Ovality = Difference between maximum and minimum OD
Thin wall tube is defined as that with a wall thickness
t≤0.020 in (0.5 mm) for any OD,
or t≤2% of OD if OD ≤2 in (50.8 mm),
or t≤3% of OD if OD >2 in (50.8 mm)
4 Or 2.0% of OD, if this gives a larger tolerance value.
25

HYGIENIC TUBE & FITTINGS

Hygienic Tube If smaller sizes are required, Aalco • S.M.S. (Swedish Metric System):
swg sizes shown are stocked in offer a range of cold drawn A Scandinavian fitting used when
grades 304/L and 316/L in descaled seamless tubes with a hygienic bore. tubes require minimal dismantling.
and BA finish and with a polished For larger sizes, Aalco offer welded
• DIN 11851: Popular throughout
O/D. mm sizes available in 316L as tubes produced to DIN 2463. Aalco Europe, these can be offered in
welded, unannealed in both descaled can also supply Pharmaceutical sizes compatible with metric and
finish and with a polished O/D. Quality tubing to ASME BPE 1997 imperial tubes.
with a highly polished internal
surface finish of <20 Ra and O.D. • DN: Danish Fittings.
ASTM A270 DIN 11850
O/D Wall O/D Wall surface finish of <30 Ra. • S.R.J.T.: A modified RJT, normally
(in) (swg) (in) (mm) used with larger tubes.
To complement the hygienic tubes,
/4
3
16 Aalco supply a range of welding • Clamp: Popular in the U.S. and
1 16 1 1.5 fittings to BS4825, in grade 316 increasingly so in Europe, the
11/2 16 11/2 1.5 stainless steel. The fittings are clamp union offers a rapid, yet
2 16 2 1.5 supplied with a similar finish to the leak-free method of assembling
21/2 16 21/2 1.5 tubes with which they are intended and disassembling tubes without
3 16 3 1.5 to mate. The range includes: the use of a tool.
4 16 4 2.0 • 90 & 45 degree elbows All unions except for a clamp union
4 14 (1800 available upon request) comprise four parts: a nut, male,
liner and seal. Clamp unions
‘Hygienic’ (also sometimes called • Concentric & eccentric reducers
comprise 2 ferrules, a clamp and a
‘Sanitary’) Tubes and Fittings are • Equal, pulled, reducing & swept seal. Blanks are available to suit
used in environments that require a tees union parts if there is a requirement
clean and sanitary flow of fluids. to close off a pipeline.
Applications include food & drinks • Y-pieces and sprayballs.
processing, breweries, dairies and To complement the range of
Aalco also offer a range of Unions
pharmaceutical, medical & biotech hygienic tube and fittings, Aalco
with which to connect the various
plant. All tubes are produced to also supply a range of tube-fixings
tubes together. The most popular
ASTM A270 in stainless steel grades with which to support pipe systems,
types supplied include:
304 and 316, and are usually a range of flanges for connecting
• R.J.T. (Ring Joint Type): A sanitary tubes if sterility is less critical, and
supplied in the annealed condition.
fitting, produced to BS 4825 a broad variety of actuated and
Aalco offer three different external
Part 5, primarily used where manual valves and plugcocks.
surface finishes on the tubes:
tubes are frequently disassembled Fabrication facilities are available
Descaled, Dull Polished and Semi-
for cleaning. to provide customers with non-
Bright Polished. Bright Polished
standard and bespoke items.
can also be supplied if required. • I.D.F. (International Dairy
Internally, tubes are bead rolled and Federation): Produced to ISO 2853
free from crevices and bug traps to and BS4825 Part 4. A crevice-free
eliminate contamination and fitting used where pipelines
facilitate easy cleaning. remain permanently in place.

Hygienic Fittings Type 304L and 316L Sizes 1” to 4”

RJT & DIN Hexagon Nuts IDF Weld Liners Equal Tee Polished
RJT & DIN Weld Liners IDF Weld Males Equal Tee Descaled
RJT & DIN Weld Males IDF Joint Rings Pulled Tee Polished
RJT & DIN Joint Rings IDF Weld Unions Pulled Tee Descaled
RJT & DIN Weld Unions ISO 90º Bends Polished Pulled Red. Tee Polished
RJT & DIN Blank Caps ISO 45º Bends Polished Pulled Red. Tee Descaled
RJT Hose Liners ISO 90º Bends Descaled Hinged Piped Clips
RJT Blank Nut and Chain ISO 45º Bends Descaled
IDF Hex Nuts Bends are available in long and short type
26

HIGH PURITY TUBE & FITTINGS

High Purity tube and fittings are All items are in type 316L only and EGMO Limited is well established as
used in applications where non- have been polished to give a high a leading international manufacturer
contamination and absolute quality, low roughness surface finish. of high purity fittings for use in
cleanliness is essential. This includes critical applications.
Aalco and the Amari group are sole
pharmaceutical production,
UK & Ireland distributors for the
biotechnology and medical &
EGMO range of high purity
scientific laboratories as well as food
products.
& drink processing.

Surface Finish

BPE Surface Surface ID or Product Contact Surfaces OD or Product


Finish Designation Finish Code Max. Surface Roughness* Mechanical Polish & Electropolishing where indicated Noncontact Surface

SFF1 PC 20 Mechanical Polished Unpolished

SFF4 PD 15 Mechanical Polished & Electropolished Unpolished

SFF1 PL 20 Mechanical Polished Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

SFF4 PM 15 Mechanical Polished & Electropolished Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

PR 10 Mechanical Polished & Electropolished Mechanical Polished to 32 Ra

*Numbers are in RA micro inches. To convert to R.M.S. finish multiply the RA numbers times 1.11 to get the equivalent R.M.S. number.

Tubing Dimensional Tolerances – Tubing specifications, ASTM and Amari

OD dimensional
Length Wall
Gauge specification
Tubing
(wall
Diameter ASTM Amari ASTM ASTM Amari
thickness)
Spec. Typical Spec. Spec. Typical
1
/2” 16g +.002/-.008 +.001/-.004 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3%
(.065” wall)
3
/4” 16g +.002/-.008 +.001/-.004 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3%
(.065” wall)
1” 16g +.002/-.008 +.001/-.004 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3%
(.065” wall)
Standards:
11/2” 16g +.002/-.008 +.001/-.006 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3% ASTM A-270 316L
(.065” wall) ASME B46.1 Surface Texture
2” 16g +.002/-.011 +.001/-.007 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3% ASME BPE – 2002
(.065” wall)
21/2” 16g +.002/-.011 +.001/-.008 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3%
(.065” wall) Typical Amari Standard ID
Polish will result in a surface
3” 16g +.003/-.012 +.001/-.009 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3% finish of <20 Ra and OD Polish
(.065” wall) will result in a surface finish of
4” 14g +.003/-.015 +.002/-.010 -0 +/1/8 +/-10% +0/-3% <30 Ra, as laid down by ASME
(.083” wall) BPE Table SF-2 – SFT1.
27

HIGH PURITY TUBE & FITTINGS

EGMO bio-pharm fittings are Only bright annealed sanitary


fabricated from stainless steel 316L tubes are used, meeting ASTM
(1.4404) for sulphur corrosion A-270/ASTM A-269 requirements
resistance, and for carbide- for minimal ovality. Fractional fittings
precipitates-free welds. To ensure are produced from cold drawn Concentric Reducer

smooth automatic welding, weld-on bright annealed seamless material.


fittings are produced from special
316L, specified with a controlled
sulphur content of 0.005<S<0.017.
90º Bend

High Purity Fittings

Tolerances

Nominal OD Size 1
/2” /4”
3
1” 11/2” 2” 21/2” 3” 4” 6”
45º Bend
OD Tolerance ±.005 ±.005 ±.005 ±.008 ±.008 ±.010 ±.010 ±.015 ±.030
Nominal Wall
Thickness .065 .065 .065 .065 .065 .066 .065 .083 .109
Wall Thickness
Tolerance before EP +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.005-.008 +.008-.010 +.015-.015
Blank Cap
Wall Thickness
Tolerance after EP +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.005-.010 +.008-.012 +.015-.017
Control Portion
Length .750 .750 .750 .750 .750 .750 .750 .750 .750
Tangent Length 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.500 1.760 1.760 1.760 2.000 2.500
Squareness Face
to Tangent .005 .005 .008 .008 .008 .010 .016 .016 .030
Off Angle .014 .018 .025 .034 .043 .054 .068 .086 .135
Off Plane ±.030 ±.030 ±.030 ±.050 ±.050 ±.050 ±.050 ±.060 ±.060 Eccentric Reducers

Product Sizes Material Finish


BioPharm fittings are BioPharm fittings are All fittings are A variety of
produced to ASME BPE available in sizes 1/2” fabricated in 316L surface finishes
– 1997 specifications. through 6”. Stainless Steel for are available.
superior corrosion
resistance and low
carbide precipitation
at welds. Tee
28

SCREWED FITTINGS

These are available in Grade 316 Low Pressure High Pressure


in the size range 1/8” NB to 4” NB 150lb standard screwed fittings are 2000lb, 3000lb, 6000lb screwed
in two classifications: manufactured to BS1740 with BSP fittings are manufactured to BS3799
thread, male ends tapered and with dimensions to ANSI B16.11
female ends parallel. (except unions) from forgings
conforming to ASTM A182.
The standard thread is NPT.

90° Elbow Equal Tee Union 45° Elbow

Half Socket Socket Round Nut Reducing Socket

Hexagon Nipple Reducing Nipple Equal Nipple Cap

Barrel Nipple Welding Nipple Square Head Plug Hexagon Head Plug

Round Head Plug Reducing Bush Hexagon Nut Cross


29

SOCKET WELD FITTINGS

These are available in Grade 316 They are manufactured to BS3799


in the size range 1/8” NB to 4” NB with dimensions to ANSI B16.11
with pressure ratings 3000lb, (except unions) from forgings
6000lb and 9000lb. conforming to ASTM A182.

90° Elbow 45° Elbow Cross

Full Coupling Reduced Coupling Half Coupling

Equal Tee Union Cap


30

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Round 304 Welded Mirror Polished

O/D Wall Weight per O/D Wall Weight per O/D Wall Weight per
(in) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (in) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (in) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

1
⁄2 1.50 0.42 1 2.00 1.17 40 3.00 2.79
15 1.50 0.51 28 1.50 1.00 13⁄4 1.50 1.62
5
⁄8 1.20 0.44 11⁄8 1.50 1.02 50 2.50 2.99
5
⁄8 1.50 0.54 30 1.20 0.86 50 3.00 3.54
3
⁄4 1.20 0.53 1 ⁄4
1
1.20 0.92 2 1.20 1.49
3
⁄4 1.50 0.66 11⁄4 1.50 1.13 2 1.50 1.85
7
⁄8 1.20 0.63 32 2.00 1.51 2 2.00 2.40
7
⁄8 1.50 0.78 13⁄8 1.20 1.02 2 3.00 7.43
7
⁄8 2.00 1.01 38 2.00 1.81 60.3 2.50 3.59
25 1.50 0.88 38 3.00 2.64 21⁄2 1.50 2.34
25 2.00 1.15 11⁄2 1.20 1.11 3 1.50 2.81
25 3.00 1.66 11⁄2 1.50 1.38 75 3.00 5.69
1 1.20 0.73 1 ⁄2
1
2.00 1.81 100 3.00 7.41
1 1.50 0.90

Round 316 Welded Mirror Polished

O/D Wall Weight per O/D Wall Weight per O/D Wall Weight per
(in) (mm) metre (kg) (in) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (in) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

1
⁄2 1.50 0.42 1 1.50 0.90 2 2.00 2.40
5
⁄8 1.20 0.44 1 2.00 1.17 2 3.00 7.43
5
⁄8 1.50 0.54 11⁄4 1.50 1.13 60.3 2.50 3.59
3
⁄4 1.20 0.53 1 ⁄2
1
1.50 1.38 2 ⁄2
1
1.50 2.34
3
⁄4 1.50 0.66 11⁄2 3.00 2.64 3 1.50 2.81
7
⁄8 1.20 0.63 50 2.5 2.99 3 3.00 5.52
7
⁄8 1.50 0.78 50 3.0 3.55 4 3.00 7.42
1 1.20 0.73 2 1.50 1.85

Type 304 and 316 Handrail section, welded, unannealed, dull polished

O/D Wall Weight per


(in) (mm) metre (kg)

42.40 x 2.5 2.49


48.30 x 2.5 2.86
60.30 x 2.5 3.61
31

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Square 304 Welded Dull Polished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

12.7 x 12.7 1.50 0.55 30 x 30 3.00 2.72 70 x 70 3.00 6.53


15 x 15 1.20 0.53 38 x 38 1.50 1.75 70 x 70 4.00 8.45
15 x 15 1.50 0.65 38 x 38 2.00 2.31 70 x 70 5.00 10.6
20 x 20 1.20 0.71 38 x 38 3.00 3.51 80 x 80 2.00 4.98
20 x 20 1.50 0.88 40 x 40 1.20 1.49 80 x 80 3.00 7.53
20 x 20 2.00 1.19 40 x 40 1.50 1.85 80 x 80 4.00 9.81
25 x 25 1.20 0.92 40 x 40 2.00 2.45 80 x 80 5.00 12.3
25 x 25 1.50 1.14 40 x 40 3.00 3.75 100 x 100 2.00 6.40
25 x 25 2.00 1.49 50 x 50 1.50 2.32 100 x 100 3.00 9.53
25 x 25 3.00 2.20 50 x 50 2.00 3.08 100 x 100 5.00 15.30
30 x 30 1.20 1.10 50 x 50 3.00 4.65 120 x 120 3.00 11.8
30 x 30 1.50 1.37 60 x 60 2.00 3.71 150 x 150 5.00 23.0
30 x 30 2.00 1.84 60 x 60 3.00 5.49

Square 304 Welded Unpolished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

40 x 40 4.00 4.80 100 x 100 4.00 12.4 150 x 150 4.00 18.6
50 x 50 4.00 5.96 100 x 100 5.00 15.3 150 x 150 5.00 23.0
50 x 50 5.00 7.41 100 x 100 6.00 17.5 150 x 150 6.00 31.2
60 x 60 5.00 8.90 120 x 120 5.00 18.0
80 x 80 4.00 9.81 120 x 120 10.0 36.0

Square 316 Welded Dull Polished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

20 x 20 1.50 0.88 30 x 30 3.00 2.72 60 x 60 3.00 5.49


20 x 20 2.00 1.19 40 x 40 1.50 1.85 80 x 80 2.00 4.98
25 x 25 1.20 0.92 40 x 40 2.00 2.45 80 x 80 3.00 7.53
25 x 25 1.50 1.14 40 x 40 3.00 3.75 100 x 100 3.00 9.53
25 x 25 2.00 1.45 50 x 50 1.50 2.30 100 x 100 5.00 15.30
30 x 30 1.50 1.35 50 x 50 2.00 3.08
30 x 30 2.00 1.84 50 x 50 3.00 4.65
32

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Square 316 Welded Unpolished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

30 x 30 3.00 2.72 50 x 50 4.00 5.96 100 x 100 3.00 9.53


40 x 40 3.00 3.75 60 x 60 3.00 5.49 100 x 100 5.00 15.30
50 x 50 3.00 4.65 80 x 80 3.00 7.53

Square 430 Welded Dull Polished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

25 x 25 1.20 0.92 30 x 30 1.50 1.37 32 x 32 1.50 1.47


25 x 25 1.50 1.14 32 x 32 1.20 1.20 40 x 40 1.50 1.85
30 x 30 1.20 1.10

Rectangular 304 Welded Dull Polished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

20 x 10 1.50 0.44 50 x 30 2.00 2.40 80 x 60 2.00 4.38


30 x 10 1.20 0.71 50 x 30 3.00 3.61 80 x 60 3.00 6.53
30 x 15 1.50 0.76 50 x 40 3.00 4.08 100 x 40 1.50 3.29
30 x 20 1.50 1.14 60 x 20 1.50 1.85 100 x 40 3.00 6.53
40 x 15 1.50 1.25 60 x 30 1.50 2.09 100 x 50 2.00 4.68
40 x 20 1.20 1.10 60 x 30 2.00 2.80 100 x 50 3.00 6.95
40 x 20 1.50 1.37 60 x 30 3.00 4.13 100 x 60 3.00 7.53
40 x 20 2.00 1.84 60 x 40 1.50 2.32 120 x 40 3.00 7.43
50 x 25 1.20 1.41 60 x 40 2.00 3.08 120 x 60 3.00 8.12
50 x 25 1.50 1.75 60 x 40 3.00 4.65 120 x 80 3.00 9.53
50 x 25 2.00 2.31 80 x 40 1.50 2.80 150 x 100 5.00 18.80
50 x 25 3.00 3.75 80 x 40 2.00 3.71
50 x 30 1.50 1.85 80 x 40 3.00 5.49
33

STRUCTURAL AND DECORATIVE TUBE

Rectangular 304 Welded Unpolished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

100 x 50 3.00 6.95 120 x 60 4.00 10.6 150 x 100 5.00 18.8
100 x 50 4.00 9.09 120 x 60 5.00 13.0 150 x 100 6.00 22.6
100 x 50 5.00 11.3 120 x 80 3.00 9.34 200 x 100 3.00 11.1
100 x 60 4.00 9.81 120 x 80 4.00 12.4 200 x 100 4.00 18.5
100 x 60 5.00 12.3 120 x 80 5.00 15.3 200 x 100 5.00 22.6
100 x 80 4.00 11.0 150 x 50 3.00 9.53 200 x 100 6.00 27.1
120 x 40 2.00 5.00 150 x 80 3.00 10.7 200 x 100 8.00 34.3
120 x 40 3.00 7.43 150 x 80 5.00 17.4 250 x 150 8.00 47.1
120 x 60 3.00 8.24 150 x 100 4.00 15.4

Rectangular 316 Welded Dull Polished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

30 x 15 1.50 0.76 60 x 30 1.50 2.12 100 x 50 2.00 4.61


40 x 20 1.50 1.35 60 x 40 2.00 3.08 100 x 50 3.00 6.83
40 x 20 2.00 1.84 80 x 40 2.00 4.98 120 x 80 3.00 9.53
50 x 25 1.50 1.75 80 x 40 3.00 5.49 120 x 80 4.00 12.4
50 x 30 2.00 2.45

Rectangular 316 Welded Unpolished

Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per Dimensions Wall Weight per
(mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg) (mm) (mm) metre (kg)

60 x 40 2.00 3.08 100 x 60 2.00 4.98 120 x 80 4.00 12.4


60 x 40 3.00 4.65 100 x 60 4.00 9.81 150 x 100 6.00 22.6
60 x 40 4.00 5.60 120 x 80 3.00 9.53 160 x 80 3.00 11.1
100 x 50 4.00 9.09
34

There are five classes of stainless Specifying finishes for


steel: Martensitic, Ferritic, Austenitic, stainless steel flat
Duplex and Precipitation Hardening. products (sheet and plate)
Martensitic types may be
strengthened and hardened by heat Introduction
treatment, but the Ferritic steels, Surface finishes for stainless steel
which in general have lower carbon sheet (coil, strip) and plates, are
and higher Chromium contents, do specified in EN 10088-2:1995.
not respond in this way. 'Stainless steels – Technical delivery
conditions for sheet/plate and strip EN 10088-2 surface finishes
Ferritic stainless steels contain
for general purposes.’ Table 6 of EN 10088-2 defines
chromium usually in the range
finishes for both
11 to 18%. They are magnetic, The standard identifies both ‘ex-mill’
have moderate corrosion resistance hot and cold rolled finishes and Ex-mill Hot Rolled Finishes (1)
and are not susceptible to stress ‘special finishes’, as value added
corrosion. Austenitic stainless steels finishes to achieve specific aesthetic Ex-mill Cold Rolled Finishes (2)
contain nickel as well as chromium, effects. ‘Special Finishes’
and are sometimes referred to by
Most of the finishes available have The definitions of surface finish do
the generic title 18/8, i.e. 18%
a surface that provides a high not attempt to express surface finish
chromium, 8% nickel, although the
standard of corrosion resistance, up in terms of the surface topography
actual composition may vary widely
to the limit of the compositional achieved in terms of Ra values.
from these figures. They are non-
potential of the particular grade.
magnetic and cannot be hardened
The standard uses a coding system
by heat treatment, although they The coarser finishes may limit the based on the manufacturing
strain harden rapidly when cold corrosion resistance of the steel in process.
worked. severe applications, where the
particular grade is operating in A full definition is shown in the
All stainless steels except hardened
conditions close to the limit of its standard, with appropriate notes in
Martensitic steels are ductile and
corrosion resistance. terms of:
therefore can be formed, but the
Austenitic types are outstanding in In numeric or quantitative terms this Type of process route
this respect. They are also amongst is very difficult to define and is often
the most highly corrosion-resistant Surface finish
a matter of judgement.
materials available to the designer To precisely define a ‘special finish’
and engineer. Duplex stainless steels for a particular application where a
combine the optimum properties specific aesthetic texture or
of austenitic and ferritic types. appearance is required usually
They contain 18 - 26% chromium involves close consultation with
plus 4.5 to 6.5% nickel and have specialist finishers, as surface
good resistance to stress corrosion characteristics can vary.
cracking. Precipitation hardening
stainless steels may be martensitic, Once the grade of finishing grit has
semi-austenitic or austenitic. been defined, the final acceptance
They combine the heat treatability of special finishes is often done by
of normal martensitic grades using reference 'swatch' samples.
with the corrosion resistance of
austenitics. They are available in bar
form for the production of heavy
duty engineering components.
35

Ex-mill hot rolled finishes

Finishing Process Route Notes Market Terms

1D Hot rolled, heat treated, pickled Most common “hot rolled” finish available. Most corrosion resistant Softened and
hot rolled finish specified. descaled

1C. Hot rolled, heat treated, not descaled Surface covered with mill scale. Finished parts may be suitable for heat Not commonly
(oxidation) resisting applications as supplied, but should be descaled to used
optimise corrosion resistance.

1E Hot rolled, heat treated, mechanically Free of mill scale by shot blasting or grinding. This finish can also limit Not commonly
descaled the crevice corrosion resistance. used

Ex-mill cold rolled finishes

Finishing Process Route Notes Market Terms

2B Cold rolled, heat treated, pickled, Most common cold rolled finish available. Non-reflective, smooth finish,
skin passed good flatness control. Thickness range limited by manufactures' skin passing 2B
rolling capacity.

2D Cold rolled, heat treated, pickled Thicker sheet size ranges. Smoothness not as good as 2B, but adequate 2D
for most purposes.

2R Cold rolled, bright annealed (BA) Highly reflective 'mirror' finish, very smooth. Often supplied with plastic
coatings for pressings. Manufactured items usually put into service without BA
further finishing.

2H Cold rolled, work hardened 'Temper' rolling on austenitic types improves mechanical strength. Not commonly
Smoothness similar to 2B. used

2Q Cold rolled, hardened and tempered, Only available on martensitic types (eg 420). Scaling avoided by protective Not commonly
scale free atmosphere heat treatment or descaling after heat treatment. used

Aalco finishes

Product Name of Finish

Sheet, Plate, Tube Dull polished, 180 grit

Sheet, Plate, Tube Dull polished, 240 grit

Sheet and Tube Polished, 320 grit

Sheet and Tube ‘Optisheen’ polish, Satin polish plus variants

Sheet and Tube Bright polish

Sheet and Tube Mirror polish

Note: Finishes can be subjective and agreement between Aalco and the customer is needed, often by using samples.
36

STAINLESS STEEL GRADES

EN BS AISI Obsolete Composition Guide Typical Mechanical Properties (Rolled Products)


En No.

C Cr Ni Mo Others Proof Strength Tensile Strength Elongation


0.2% Nmm2 Nmm2 %

1.4000 403S17 410S – 0.08x 12 . . . 220-250 400-600 19


1.4002 405S17 405 – 0.08x 12 . . 0.2 Al 210-250 400-600 17
1.4003 – – – 0.03x 11 0.5 . . 250-320 450-650 18-20
1.4016 430S17 430 60 0.08x 17 . . . 240-280 430-630 18-20
1.4113 434S17 434 – 0.08x 17 . 1 . 260-280 450-630 18
1.4509 – – – 0.015x 18 . . Nb, Ti
1.4510 – 430Ti – 0.05x 17 . . 0.6 Ti 230-240 420-600 23
1.4511 – 430Nb – 0.05x 17 . . 0.6Nb 230-240 420-600 23
1.4512 409S19 409 – 0.03x 11 . . 0.5 Ti 210-220 380-560 25
1.4521 – (444) – 0.025x 17 . 2 0.6 Ti
1.4006 410S21 410 56A .08-.15 12 . . . 400-450 550-850 12-20
1.4005 416S21 416 56AM .08-.15 12 . . .35xS 450 650-850 12
1.4021 420S29 420 56B .16-.25 12 . . . 450-550 650-950 10-15
1.4028 420S45 420 56D .26-.35 12 . . . 600 740-1000 10-15
1.4029 416S37 416 56CM .25-.32 12 . . .35xS
1.4057 431S29 431 57 .12-.22 15 2 . .
1.4104 416S29 416 56BM .10-.17 16 . 0.4 .35xS 500 650-850 10
1.4112 – 440B – .85-.95 17 . 1.0 0.1V 900 max 12
1.4125 – 440C – .95-1.2 17 . 0.6 . 900 max 12
1.4594 460S52 – – 0.7x 14 5 1.5 1.5Cu 700-1000 930-1270 10
1.4749 – 446 – .15-.20 26 . . 0.2N
1.4301 304S31 304 58E 0.07x 18 8 . . 210-260 520-750 45
1.4303 305S19 305 – 0.06x 18 11 . . 200-250 500-650 45
1.4305 303S31 303 58M 0.10x 18 8 . 0.35xS 190-230 500-700 35
1.4306 – 304L – 0.030x 18 10 . . 200-250 500-670 45
1.4307 304S11 304L – 0.030x 18 8 . . 200-250 500-670 45
1.4310 301S21 301 – 0.05/0.15 17 6 . . 250-280 600-950 40
1.4311 304S61 304LN – 0.030x 18 9 . 0.22xN 270-320 550-750 40
1.4372 – 201 – 0.15x 17 4.5 . 6.5Mn 330-380 750-950 40
1.4401 316S31 316 58J 0.07x 17 11 2 . 220-270 520-680 40
1.4404 316S11 316L – 0.030x 17 11 2 . 220-270 520-680 40
1.4406 316S61 316LN – 0.030x 17 11 2 0.22xN 280-330 580-780 40
1.4432 316S13 316L – 0.030x 17 11 2.5 . 220-270 520-700 40
1.4435 316S13 316L – 0.030x 17 13 2.5 . 220-270 520-700 40
1.4436 316S33 316 58J 0.05 17 11 2.5 . 220-270 500-730 40
1.4438 317S12 317L – 0.030x 18 13 3 . 220-270 520-720 35
1.4439 – – – 0.030x 17 13 4 0.22xN 270-320 580-780 35
1.4541 321S31 321 58B 0.08x 18 9 . 0.5Ti 200-250 500-720 40
1.4550 347S31 347 58F 0.08x 18 9 . 0.5Nb 200-250 500-720 40
1.4567 394S17 304Cu – 0.04x 18 9 . 4xCu
1.4571 320S31 (316Ti) – 0.08x 17 11 2 0.5Ti 220-270 520-690 40
1.4539 904S13 – – 0.020x 19 24 4 2xCu 220-270 520-730 35
1.4547 – – – 0.020x 20 18 6 1xCu 300-350 650-850 35
1.4529 – – – 0.020x 19 24 6 1.5xCu 300-340 650-850 40
1.4833 309S16 309 – 0.15x 22 12 . .
1.4841 – 314 – 0.20x 25 20 . 2.0Si
1.4845 310S24 310 – 0.10x 25 20 . .
1.4878 321S51 321H – 0.10x 18 9 . 0.6Ti
37

SELECTION GUIDE

Type Description Typical Usage


Martensitic Stainless Steel: Magnetic. Moderate corrosion resistance. Non-formable, poor ductility. Poor weldability.
Hardenable by heat treatment. Generally a bar specification
410 12% chromium.
Pump and gas turbine parts,
416 Free machining form of 410. general engineering
Sulphur bearing. Available in bar form only.
420 Heat resistant. Knife blades, valves.
431 17% chromium. 21⁄ 2% nickel. Available in bar form only.
Ferritic Stainless Steel: Magnetic. Chromium steels. Immune to chloride stress corrosion cracking. Good formability and
ductility. Weldability reasonable in thin sections but poor in thicker sections. Moderate to good
corrosion resistance. Cannot be hardened by heat treatment. Used in the annealed condition.
Generally a rolled flat and tube product.
430 17% chromium. Sinks, decoration, automotive trim,
washing machine drums.
434 17% chromium, 1% molybdenum. Resistant to atmospheric Automotive trim – below the waist
and pitting corrosion. and wiper blades.
409 12% chromium plus titanium. Weldable up to 2.5mm thick. Automotive exhaust systems.
4003 Modified form of 409 weldable in heavy section. Structural, bulk handling chutes and
hoppers, bulk railway wagons,
transport, mining.
Austenitic Stainless Steel: Non magnetic. Chromium/Nickel steels. Easily fabricated and formed. Excellent weldability.
Excellent corrosion resistance. Cannot be hardened by heat treatment. Can be hardened by
cold working. Normally used in the annealed condition. Suitable at high and low temperatures.
Sheet, plate, bar and tube products.
301 17% chromium, 7% nickel. Structural, springs, wheel covers,
High work hardening rate. Formability. wear plates.
302 18% chromium, 9% nickel. Good formability. Similar to 304.
303 Free machining form of 302.
Available in bar form only.
304 18% chromium, 9% nickel. Good formability. Sinks, architecture, automotive exhausts,
cutlery, holloware and flatware,
water tubing.
304L Low carbon form of 304. Brewery, dairy, food and pharmaceutical
production plant.
304DDQ Deep drawing quality 304. Sinks, holloware.
305 18% chromium, 12% nickel. Good formability. Eyelets, spun parts.
309 23% chromium, 14% nickel. High oxidation resistance. Similar to 310.
310 25% chromium, 20% nickel. Furnaces, heat exchangers, metallurgical
Very high oxidation resistance. plant. Service temp. up to 1100°C.
316 17% chromium, 11% nickel, 2.5% molybdenum.
High corrosion resistance. Chemical and petrochemical process plant
architecture, brewery plant.
316L Low carbon form of 316.
316Ti 316 with addition of titanium to improve high-temperature Chemical and petrochemical process plant
properties and weldability.
317 Higher corrosion and creep resistance than 316.
Chemical and petrochemical process plant
317L Low carbon version of 317 for improved weldability.
321 18% chromium, 10% nickel plus titanium. Heating elements, aircraft parts, chemical
and petrochemical process plant.
325 Free machining form of 321.
Sulphur bearing. Available in bar form only.
347 18% chromium, 10% nickel plus niobium. Process plant, aircraft parts.
Resistant to sensitisation and hot concentrated nitric acid.

Influence of an alloy element on: C Cr Ni S Mn Si P Cu Mo Se Ti or Nb

Corrosion Resistance – ↑ ↑ ↓ – – ↑ – ↑ – –
Mechanical Properties ↑ ↑ – – ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ ↑ – ↑
Resistance to High Temperature – ↑ ↑ ↓ – – – – ↑ – ↑
Machinability ↓ ↓ – ↑ – – ↑ – – ↑ –
Weldability ↓ ↓ – ↓ ↑ – ↓ – ↑ – ↑
Cold Workability ↓ ↓ ↑ ↓ – – – ↑ – – –

↑ Beneficial Detrimental ↓
38

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Aluminium is the world’s most


Round Bar
abundant metal and is the third
most common element comprising Dia Weight Dia Weight
(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
8% of the earth’s crust. Its 1
⁄4 0.09 25⁄8 9.46
incredible versatility makes 5
⁄16 0.13 23⁄4 10.4
aluminium the most widely used 3
⁄8 0.19 3 12.4
metal after steel, with world
7
⁄16 0.26 31⁄4 14.5
1
⁄2 0.34 31⁄2 16.8
production around 20 million 9
⁄16 0.43 33⁄4 19.3
tonnes per annum. The versatility 5
⁄8 0.54 4 22.0
stems from a unique combination of 16mm 0.54 41⁄4 24.8
properties that combine lightness,
11
⁄16 0.65 41⁄2 27.8
3
⁄4 0.77 43⁄4 31.0
strength, durability and corrosion
20mm 0.85 5 34.3
resistance with good thermal and 13
⁄16 0.91 51⁄4 37.8
electrical conductivity. A wide range 7
⁄8 1.05 51⁄2 41.5
of alloys is available to exploit these 1 1.37 53⁄4 45.4
11⁄8 1.74 6 49.4
properties to the full. 11⁄4 2.15 61⁄2 58.0
15⁄16 2.37 7 67.3
Aalco stocks all of the commonly
13⁄8 2.60 71⁄4 72.2
required forms of aluminium 35mm 2.61 71⁄2 77.2
including sheet, coil, strip, plate, 17⁄16 2.84 8 87.9
shate, treadplate, patterned sheet, 11⁄2 3.09 81⁄2 99.2
15⁄8 3.63 9 111
tube, bar, sections and free-
13⁄4 4.21 91⁄2 124
machining rod. In addition to a 17⁄8 4.83 10 137
comprehensive range of standard 2 5.49 12 198
shapes and sizes, Aalco branches 21⁄8 6.20 13 232
21⁄4 6.95 14 269
stock industry specific items and 23⁄8 7.75 15 309
customer specials with numerous 21⁄2 8.58 16 352
specialist products and alloys
satisfying the needs of a broad Machining
range of industries. Aalco also
We stock aluminium round bar in three machining alloys:
provides a complete range of
Alloy 6082 T6 Machines well and, with chip breakers, produces swarf
processing services spanning: in short tight coils.
bar, tube & pipe cutting; plate Alloy 2011 T3/T6 Often referred to as ‘FMA’ (Free Machining Alloy),
processing; coil processing and this is produced especially for use on automatic lathes. It offers
surface finishing. exceptional machinability at high speeds and forms fine chips which
are easily removed. It is particularly suitable for components with
All products supplied conform to complex, detailed or extensive machining and can often replace ‘free
the relevant EN/BS, ISO standards. machining brass’ without tool changes.
Alloy 6262 T9 This may be used in place of Alloy 2011 in applications
requiring higher corrosion resistance and better anodising response.
It has excellent machinability and surface finishing characteristics.

Square Bar Alloy 6082-T6

Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
1
⁄4 0.11 11⁄4 2.73
5
⁄16 0.17 11⁄2 3.93
3
⁄8 0.25 13⁄4 5.35
1
⁄2 0.44 2 6.99
5
⁄8 0.68 21⁄2 10.9
3
⁄4 0.98 3 15.7
7
⁄8 1.34 31⁄2 21.4
1 1.75 4 28.0
39

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Box Section Square 6063-T6 or 6082-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄2 x 1⁄2 x 16 swg
1
0.20 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x16 swg 0.64 2 x 2 x 1⁄4 3.06
⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 16 swg
3
0.31 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x10 swg 1.23 21⁄2 x 21⁄2 x10 swg 2.12
1 x 1 x 16 swg 0.42 13⁄4 x 13⁄4 x10 swg 1.45 3 x 3 x10 swg 2.57
1 x 1 x 10 swg 0.78 2 x 2 x16 swg 0.87 4 x 4 x10 swg 3.47
1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x16 swg
1 1
0.53 2 x 2 x 10 swg 1.68 4 x 4 x ⁄4 1
6.56
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x10 swg 1.00

Box Section Rectangular Alloy 6063-T6 or 6082-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

11⁄2 x 3⁄4 x16 swg 0.48 3 x 1 x10 swg 1.67 4 x 13⁄4 x10 swg 2.45
1 ⁄2 x 1 x ⁄16
1 1
0.52 3 x 1 ⁄2 x10 swg
1
1.90 4 x 2 x10 swg 2.56
11⁄2 x 1 x10 swg 1.00 3 x 13⁄4 x10 swg 2.01 6 x 2 x10 swg 3.40
2 x 1 x10 swg 1.22 3 x 2 x10 swg 2.11 6 x 3 x ⁄8 3
10.8
2 x 11⁄2 x10 swg 1.34 4 x 1 x10 swg 2.12

Channel Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄8 x 3⁄8 x 1⁄16
3
0.11 11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 3⁄16 1.10 2 x 2 x 3⁄16 1.83
⁄2 x ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 1 1
0.14 1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄4
1 1 1
1.41 2 x 2 x 1⁄4 2.40
⁄2 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.27 1 ⁄2 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.49 2 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 1 3
1.43
⁄8 x 5⁄8 x 1⁄16
5
0.19 11⁄2 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.60 21⁄2 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.93
⁄8 x ⁄8 x ⁄8
5 5 1
0.36 1 ⁄2 x 1 x ⁄8
1 1
0.71 2 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 1 3
1.52
⁄4 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄8
3
0.44 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄16 0.49 3 x 1 x 1⁄8 1.04
⁄4 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
3 3 1
0.24 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.98 3 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1
1.26
⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8
3
0.49 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 3⁄16 1.36 3 x 11⁄2 x 3⁄16 1.84
⁄8 x ⁄8 x ⁄8
7 7 1
0.52 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄4
1 1 1
1.74 3 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 1 5
2.66
1 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.38 13⁄4 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.76 3 x 2 x 1⁄8 1.48
1 x ⁄4 x ⁄8
3 1
0.49 1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄8
3 3 1
1.09 3 x 2 x ⁄16 3
2.17
1 x 1 x 1⁄16 0.31 13⁄4 x 13⁄4 x 1⁄4 2.07 3 x 2 x 1⁄4 2.84
1 x 1 x ⁄8 1
0.60 2 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1
0.60 3 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 1 1 5
2.90
1 x 1 x 3⁄16 0.86 2 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.71 4 x 2 x 1⁄8 1.69
1 x 1 x ⁄4 1
1.10 2 x 1 x ⁄8 1
0.82 4 x 2 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 5
3.66
11⁄8 x 11⁄8 x 1⁄8 0.68 2 x 1 x 3⁄16 1.22 5 x 2 x 1⁄4 x 5⁄16 4.24
1 ⁄4 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.44 2 x 1 x ⁄4 1
1.52 6 x 2 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
1 5
4.53
11⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.55 2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 1.03 6 x 3 x 1⁄4 x 3⁄8 6.23
1 ⁄4 x 1 x ⁄8
1 1
0.66 2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄4
1 1
1.97 6 x 3 x ⁄8 x ⁄23 1
9.78
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 1⁄16 0.39 2 x 2 x 1⁄16 0.64 8 x 3 x 3⁄8 x 1⁄2 11.5
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.76 2 x 2 x 1⁄8 1.26

Dimensions are in the order: base x leg x base thickness x leg thickness
40

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Tee Section Alloy 6082-T6 or 6063A-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8
3
0.30 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 3⁄16 0.92 2 x 2 x 3⁄16 1.25
1 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.41 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.20 2 x 2 x 1⁄4 1.64
1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.52 2 x 1 x ⁄8 1
0.63 3 x 3 x ⁄4 1
2.51
11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.63 2 x 2 x 1⁄8 0.85

Dimensions are in the order: cross piece x upright x thickness

Equal Angle Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄2 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄16
1
0.10 11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 3⁄16 0.76 2 x 2 x 1⁄4 1.64
⁄2 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.19 1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄4
1 1 1
0.98 2 x 2 x 3⁄8 2.38
⁄8 x ⁄8 x ⁄16
5 5 1
0.13 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 1 1
0.32 2 ⁄2 x 2 ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
1.06
⁄8 x 5⁄8 x 1⁄8
5
0.25 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.63 21⁄2 x 21⁄2 x 3⁄16 1.58
⁄4 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
3 3 1
0.16 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 1 3
0.92 2 ⁄2 x 2 ⁄2 x ⁄4
1 1 1
2.08
⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8
3
0.30 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.20 3 x 3 x 1⁄8 1.28
⁄8 x ⁄8 x ⁄8
7 7 1
0.36 1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄8
3 3 1
0.74 3 x 3 x ⁄16 3
1.91
1 x 1 x 1⁄16 0.21 13⁄4 x 13⁄4 x 3⁄16 1.09 3 x 3 x 1⁄4 2.51
1 x 1 x ⁄8 1
0.41 1 ⁄4 x 1 ⁄4 x ⁄4
3 3 1
1.42 3 x 3 x ⁄8 3
3.69
1 x 1 x 3⁄16 0.59 2 x 2 x 1⁄16 0.43 4 x 4 x 1⁄4 3.39
1 x 1 x ⁄4 1
0.76 2 x 2 x ⁄8 1
0.85 4 x 4 x ⁄8 3
5.00
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 1⁄16 0.27 2 x 2 x 3⁄16 1.25 6 x 6 x 1⁄2 10.0
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.52

Unequal Angle Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄4 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄16
3
0.13 13⁄4 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.57 3 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.85
⁄4 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
3 1 1
0.25 2 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1
0.52 3 x 1 x ⁄4 1
1.64
1 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄16 0.15 2 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.57 3 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.96
1 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1
0.30 2 x 1 x ⁄8 1
0.63 3 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 3
1.40
1 x 5⁄8 x 1⁄8 0.33 2 x 1 x 3⁄16 0.92 3 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.86
1 x ⁄4 x ⁄16
3 1
0.18 2 x 1 x ⁄4 1
1.20 3 x 2 x ⁄8 1
1.07
1 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.36 2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.74 3 x 2 x 3⁄16 1.58
1 ⁄4 x ⁄2 x ⁄8
1 1 1
0.36 2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 3
1.09 3 x 2 x ⁄4 1
2.08
11⁄4 x 3⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.41 2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.42 4 x 1 x 1⁄8 1.06
1 ⁄4 x 1 x ⁄8
1 1
0.47 2 ⁄2 x 1 x ⁄8
1 1
0.73 4 x 2 x ⁄8 1
1.28
11⁄2 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.41 21⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.85 4 x 2 x 1⁄4 2.51
1 ⁄2 x ⁄4 x ⁄8
1 3 1
0.46 2 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄16
1 1 3
1.25 4 x 3 x ⁄4 1
2.95
11⁄2 x 1 x 1⁄8 0.52 21⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.64 6 x 3 x 3⁄8 5.63
1 ⁄4 x ⁄4 x ⁄8
3 3 1
0.52
41

ALUMINIUM EXTRUSIONS

Flat Bar Alloy 6082-T6 or 6063-T6/6063A-T6


Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight
(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
3
⁄8 x 1⁄4 0.16 11⁄4 x 5⁄8 1.37 21⁄2 x 1⁄2 2.19
1
⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.11 11⁄4 x 3⁄4 1.64 21⁄2 x 3⁄4 3.28
1
⁄2 x 3⁄16 0.16 11⁄4 x 1 2.19 21⁄2 x 1 4.37
1
⁄2 x 1⁄4 0.22 11⁄2 x 1⁄8 0.33 21⁄2 x 11⁄2 6.56
1
⁄2 x 3⁄8 0.33 11⁄2 x 3⁄16 0.49 21⁄2 x 2 8.74
5
⁄8 x 1⁄8 0.14 11⁄2 x 1⁄4 0.66 3 x 1⁄8 0.66
5
⁄8 x 3⁄16 0.20 11⁄2 x 3⁄8 0.98 3 x 3⁄16 0.98
5
⁄8 x 1⁄4 0.27 11⁄2 x 1⁄2 1.31 3 x 1⁄4 1.31
5
⁄8 x 3⁄8 0.41 11⁄2 x 5⁄8 1.64 3 x 3⁄8 1.97
5
⁄8 x 1⁄2 0.55 11⁄2 x 3⁄4 1.97 3 x 1⁄2 2.62
3
⁄4 x 1⁄16 0.08 11⁄2 x 1 2.62 3 x 5⁄8 3.28
3
⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.16 11⁄2 x 11⁄4 3.28 3x1 5.25
3
⁄4 x 3⁄16 0.25 13⁄4 x 1⁄4 0.76 3x2 10.5
3
⁄4 x 1⁄4 0.33 13⁄4 x 3⁄8 1.15 31⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.52
3
⁄4 x 3⁄8 0.49 13⁄4 x 1⁄2 1.53 31⁄2 x 1⁄2 3.04
3
⁄4 x 1⁄2 0.66 13⁄4 x 3⁄4 2.29 4 x 1⁄8 0.87
3
⁄4 x 5⁄8 0.82 13⁄4 x 1 3.06 4 x 3⁄16 1.30
7
⁄8 x 1⁄8 0.19 13⁄4 x 11⁄4 3.82 4 x 1⁄4 1.75
1 x 1⁄16 0.11 2 x 1⁄8 0.44 4 x 3⁄8 2.62
1 x 1⁄8 0.22 2 x 3⁄16 0.66 4 x 1⁄2 3.50
1 x 3⁄16 0.33 2 x 1⁄4 0.87 4 x 5⁄8 4.37
1 x 1⁄4 0.44 2 x 3⁄8 1.31 4 x 3⁄4 5.25
1 x 5⁄16 0.54 2 x 1⁄2 1.75 4x1 6.99
1 x 3⁄8 0.66 2 x 5⁄8 2.19 4 x 11⁄4 8.74
1 x 1⁄2 0.87 2 x 3⁄4 2.62 4x2 14.0
1 x 5⁄8 1.09 2x1 3.50 5 x 1⁄4 2.19
1 x 3⁄4 1.31 2 x 11⁄4 4.37 5 x 1⁄2 4.37
11⁄4 x 1⁄8 0.27 2 x 11⁄2 5.25 6 x 1⁄4 2.62
11⁄4 x 3⁄16 0.41 21⁄2 x 3⁄16 0.82 6 x 3⁄8 3.93
11⁄4 x 1⁄4 0.55 21⁄2 x 1⁄4 1.09 6 x 1⁄2 5.25
11⁄4 x 3⁄8 0.82 21⁄2 x 3⁄8 1.64 6x1 10.5
11⁄4 x 1⁄2 1.09

Tube Available in one or more of the following alloys 6082-T6, 6063-T6, 6063A-T6
Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight
(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
3
⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.11 11⁄4 o/d x 3⁄16 1.08 21⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 3.08
1
⁄2 o/d x 18 swg 0.12 13⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.46 21⁄2 o/d x 3⁄8 4.36
1
⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 0.15 13⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 0.88 23⁄4 o/d x 10 swg 1.84
1
⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 0.26 11⁄2 o/d x 18 swg 0.38 3 o/d x 16 swg 1.03
5
⁄8 o/d x 18 swg 0.15 11⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 0.50 3 o/d x 12 swg 1.65
5
⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.20 11⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 0.96 3 o/d x 10 swg 2.02
5
⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 0.35 11⁄2 o/d x 3⁄16 1.35 3 o/d x 3⁄16 2.90
3
⁄4 o/d x 18 swg 0.19 11⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 1.71 3 o/d x 1⁄4 3.76
3
⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.24 15⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.55 31⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 1.21
3
⁄4 o/d x 10 swg 0.44 15⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 1.05 31⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 2.37
7
⁄8 o/d x 18 swg 0.22 15⁄8 o/d x 3⁄16 1.48 31⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 4.46
7
⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.29 13⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.59 4 o/d x 16 swg 1.38
7
⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 0.53 13⁄4 o/d x 10 swg 1.14 4 o/d x 12 swg 2.23
1 o/d x 18 swg 0.25 17⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 1.23 4 o/d x 10 swg 2.72
1 o/d x 16 swg 0.33 129⁄32 o/d x 7 swg 1.65 4 o/d x 1⁄4 5.15
1 o/d x 10 swg 0.61 2 o/d x 16 swg 0.68 41⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 3.07
1 o/d x 3⁄16 0.83 2 o/d x 10 swg 1.32 41⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 5.83
11⁄8 o/d x 18 swg 0.28 2 o/d x 3⁄16 1.86 5 o/d x 10 swg 3.43
11⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.37 2 o/d x 1⁄4 2.39 5 o/d x 1⁄4 6.52
11⁄8 o/d x 10 swg 0.70 21⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.77 51⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 7.21
11⁄4 o/d x 18 swg 0.32 21⁄4 o/d x 10 swg 1.49 6 o/d x 10 swg 4.13
11⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.42 21⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 0.86 6 o/d x 1⁄4 7.90
11⁄4 o/d x 12 swg 0.65 21⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 1.67 61⁄2 o/d x 1⁄4 8.58
11⁄4 o/d x 10 swg 0.79 21⁄2 o/d x 3⁄16 2.38
42

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Sheet Alloy 1050-H14 Plain or PVC coated on one side.

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5 2.71 2000 x 1000 x 1.5 8.13 2000 x 1000 x 2.5 13.6
2500 x 1250 x 0.5 4.23 2500 x 1250 x 1.5 12.7 2500 x 1250 x 2.5 21.2
2000 x 1000 x 0.6 3.25 3000 x 1250 x 1.5 15.2 3000 x 1500 x 2.5 30.5
2500 x 1250 x 0.6 5.08 3000 x 1500 x 1.5 18.3 2000 x 1000 x 3.0 16.3
2000 x 1000 x 0.8 4.34 2000 x 1000 x 2.0 10.8 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 25.4
2500 x 1250 x 0.8 6.78 2500 x 1250 x 2.0 16.9 3000 x 1000 x 3.0 24.4
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 5.42 3000 x 1000 x 2.0 16.3 3000 x 1250 x 3.0 30.5
2500 x 1250 x 1.0 8.47 3000 x 1250 x 2.0 20.3 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 36.6
3000 x 1250 x 1.0 10.2 3000 x 1500 x 2.0 24.4 4000 x 1000 x 3.0 32.53
2000 x 1000 x 1.2 6.50 4000 x 1000 x 2.0 21.73 4000 x 1250 x 3.0 40.66
2500 x 1250 x 1.2 10.2 4000 x 1250 x 2.0 27.17 4000 x 1500 x 3.0 48.80
3000 x 1250 x 1.2 12.2 4000 x 1500 x 2.0 32.60 4000 x 2000 x 3.0 65.0
3000 x 1500 x 1.2 14.6 4000 x 2000 x 2.0 43.40

Sheet Other Alloys Plain or PVC coated on one side.

Size Alloys – 5251-H22 3103-H14 4015-H12 6082-T6


(mm)
2000 x 1000 x 1.0 ✓
2500 x 1250 x 1.0 ✓
2000 x 1000 x 1.2 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 1.2 ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1500 x 1.2 ✓
2000 x 1000 x 1.5 ✓ ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 1.5 ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1500 x 1.5 ✓ ✓
2000 x 1000 x 2.0 ✓ ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 2.0 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1250 x 2.0 ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1500 x 2.0 ✓ ✓
2000 x 1000 x 2.5 ✓
2500 x 1250 x 2.5 ✓ ✓ ✓
2438 x 1219 x 2.83 ✓
2000 x 1000 x 3.0 ✓ ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 3.0 ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1250 x 3.0 ✓ ✓ ✓
3000 x 1500 x 3.0 ✓ ✓ ✓

Stucco Sheet Alloy 1050-H14 Plain or PVC coated on one side.

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2000 x 1000 x 0.5 2.71 2000 x 1000 x 0.8 4.34


2500 x 1250 x 0.5 4.23 2500 x 1250 x 0.8 6.78
2000 x 1000 x 0.6 3.25 2500 x 1250 x 1.0 8.47
2500 x 1250 x 0.6 5.08 2500 x 1250 x 1.2 10.2
43

ROLLED PRODUCTS (SHEET & PLATE)

Shate Alloy 5251-H22 Some sizes available in Alloy 6082-T651 and/or 1050A-H14

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)
2000 x 1000 x 4.0 21.7 2500 x 1250 x 5.0 42.3
2500 x 1250 x 4.0 33.9 2000 x 1000 x 6.0 32.5
2000 x 1000 x 5.0 27.1 2500 x 1250 x 6.0 50.8

Plate Alloys 6082-T651, 5083-0/H111, 6082-T6

Size Weight 5083-0 6082-T651 6082-T6


We have extensive in house plate
(mm) per plate (kg) sawing facilities that enable us to
2500 x 1250 x 4.0 33.90 ✓ ✓ supply your requirements cut to
2500 x 1250 x 5.0 42.34 ✓ ✓ size from the above stock range
2500 x 1250 x 6.0 50.78 ✓ ✓ and also stocks of plate up to
6” thick.
2500 x 1250 x 8.0 67.81 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 10.0 84.68 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 12.0 101.56 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 15.0 127.18 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 16.0 135.62 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 20.0 169.37 ✓ ✓
2500 x 1250 x 25.0 211.77 ✓ ✓

Plate Alloys 6082-T651 and 5083-0/H111

Thickness Unit weight Thickness Unit weight Thickness Unit weight


per sq metre (Kg) per sq metre (Kg) per sq metre (Kg)
8mm 21.7 11⁄2“ 103 70mm 190
10mm 27.1 40mm 108 3” 207
12mm 32.5 13⁄4“ 120 80mm 217
15mm 40.7 2” 138 90mm 244
16mm 43.4 21⁄4“ 155 4” 275
20mm 54.2 60mm 163 5” 344
25mm 67.8 21⁄2“ 172 6” 413
30mm 81.3 23⁄4“ 189
Whilst most plate, particularly above 12mm thick, is sold in cut pieces, we stock full plates in sizes 2500mm x 1250mm.

5 Bar Treadplate Alloy 5754-H111

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)
2438 x 1219 x 2.0 16.8 2438 x 1219 x 3.0 24.8 2500 x 1250 x 4.5 39.5
2500 x 1250 x 2.0 17.6 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 26.0 2438 x 1219 x 6.0 50.6
3000 x 1500 x 2.0 25.3 3000 x 1500 x 3.0 37.5 2500 x 1250 x 6.0 53.2
2000 x 1000 x 3.0 16.7 2438 x 1219 x 4.5 37.6 3000 x 1500 x 6.0 76.6

Rice Grain Treadplate Alloy 5754-H111

Size Weight Size Weight


(mm) per sheet (Kg) (mm) per sheet (Kg)

2500 x 1250 x 1.2 11.4 2500 x 1250 x 2.5 22.4


2500 x 1250 x 1.5 13.9 2500 x 1250 x 3.0 26.6
2500 x 1250 x 2.0 18.1
44

SPECIAL PRODUCTS

The sizes shown for each product in


this brochure are those most widely
used. Many more options are
available from Aalco’s 10,000-item
standard stock range.

In providing customers with a cost-


effective single source for all their
metals requirements, over 50% of
Aalco sales comprise non-standard
products. This covers a significant
range of non-standard products as
well as special items for particular
industries and individual customers –
in fact around 40% of the stock at
individual branches falls into this
category – together with a
comprehensive processing service
offering items cut to customer’s Aluminium Extrusions
instructions as well as finishing and Aalco are the UK’s largest purchaser These benefits include time saving,
coating. The full range of processing of aluminium extrusions with an reduced costs, flexibility, the
facilities is outlined on pages 2 & 3 annual spend in excess of £25 possibility to make regular changes
of this brochure. In addition, Aalco million representing around 11,000 in scheduled quantities, keeping
regularly arranges sub-contract tonnes. This gives Aalco unrivalled abreast of technology changes,
processing using a range of purchasing power and sourcing assistance with design and technical
approved suppliers. expertise, which is shared with its issues, all without sacrificing choice
customers. or quality. What’s more Aalco’s
Amongst the industries served by
purchasing power means all this can
Aalco’s speciality product ranges are: As a major customer of many
be achieved at a very competitive
leading extrusion mills Aalco has
• Building – Painted Sheet & price.
access to the widest possible range
Extrusions, Patterned Sheet & of alloys, shapes and sizes. In depth The processing services provided for
Treadplate knowledge of each mill’s particular aluminium extrusions include:
• Road Transport – Sections, specialities means Aalco customers
• Cut lengths – Single Pieces up to
Castings, Plate & Shate, Patterned are assured that their extrusions will
16”/406mm diameter through to
Sheet & Treadplate be sourced from the most cost-
High Volume Repetition Cutting
effective source.
• Road Signs – Sheet, Blanks,
• Prefabrication – Drilling,
Painted Sheet, Extrusions The stock range includes special
Notching, Punching & Bending
alloys, shapes and sizes for many
• Marine – Sections, Plate, Sheet, industries including building, marine, • Finishing – Anodising, Painting/
Treadplate, Transition Joints road transport, signage, leisure & Power Coating, Polishing,
sporting goods, engineering and Chromating
• Aerospace – Extrusions including
aerospace.
large sections in high strength
• Protective Coating or Sleeving
alloys, Plate A particular skill is the sourcing of
bespoke extrusions, designed for • Special Packaging including
• Holloware – Deep Drawing
individual customers – from single ‘Kitting’
Quality Sheet, Circles & Rings
shapes to full suites. Many
• Process Plant – Pipe, Butt Weld customers have found major
Fittings & Flanges, Treadplate benefits in sourcing from Aalco
rather than direct from the mill.
45

SPECIAL PRODUCTS

Aluminium Plate Service


Aalco stocks the widest range of The most comprehensive stock
thicknesses and alloys, including range; the highest investment in
marine and aerospace grades, processing equipment; local
backed by extensive processing branches nationwide; helpful,
facilities, including: friendly, knowledgeable staff and
the industry’s biggest fleet of
• Plate Cutting – Rectangles,
delivery vehicles – It all adds up to
Angular Shapes, Circles & Rings
unbeatable service.
all carried out on the most
modern machinery with fully Aalco has maintained market
automatic operation through a leadership over many years through
programmable electronic control an absolute dedication to flexible,
system and air-flotation beds to responsive customer service –
avoid scratching. A service level that is continuously
monitored and improved through
• Plate Processing – Routing,
key performance indicators.
Drilling, Surface Machining,
Surface Finishing That’s why for reliable, on-time
delivery of exactly what you want,
• Pre-Fabrication & Welding
when and where you need it,
whether it’s a small one-off item or
a complex JIT contract, Aalco is the
obvious first choice.
46

Aluminium Alloy Groups

1XXX Aluminium of 99% minimum purity


2XXX Aluminium-copper alloys
3XXX Aluminium-manganese alloys
Aluminium can be easily formed by 4XXX Aluminium-silicon alloys
all the main production processes 5XXX Aluminium-magnesium alloys
and all alloys are easily formed, 6XXX Aluminium-magnesium-silicon alloys
welded and joined. It can be 7XXX Aluminium-zinc-magnesium alloys
8XXX Miscellaneous alloys, e.g. aluminium-lithium alloys
extruded into the most complex of
shapes allowing screw fixings, snap
fit jointing and attractive design
features. It can be drawn to achieve
Temper Designation for Aluminium Alloys
the most exacting of tolerances
Alloy – F: as fabricated Alloy – O: annealed (wrought alloys)
and to specific levels of hardness
for the most critical of applications. Non-heat treatable alloys
Then finally it can be hot or cold Alloy H1 Work-hardened only
rolled to provide a multitude of H2 Work-hardened and partially annealed
H3 Work-hardened and stabilized by low temperature
thicknesses and widths from
treatment
cooking foil to heavy plate.
Alloy HX2 Quarter-hard

}
Aluminium can be surface rolled to
HX4 Half-hard Degree of
give many attractive, decorative HX6 Three-quarter-hard cold working
and functional patterns. These HX8 Full-hard
include popular patterns such as:
Heat treatable alloys
stucco, checkmate, treadplate and
T2 Cooled from an elevated temperature and naturally aged
many more. Aluminium responds T3 Solution heat-treated, cold worked and naturally aged
well to a variety of finishing T4 Solution heat-treated and naturally aged
methods; painting and anodising T5 Cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and
are the two most popularly used. artificially aged
T6 Solution heat treated and artificially aged
Each provides an attractive and
T9 Solution heat-treated, artificially aged and cold worked
highly durable finish. These
T651* Solution heat treated, stress relieved by stretching and then
processes can be applied either as a artificially aged
post manufactured operation or as * Example of 3 digit number which denotes special tempers achieved
an integrated part of the semis by variation treatment.
production process.

Aluminium is available in a range


of alloys giving properties suitable Designations & Chemical composition of selected
for an ever-increasing number of Aluminium Alloys
applications. Major recycling
programmes make a significant Alloy Designation
contribution to the preservation of Current Previous Composition
the environment. Only 5% of the
AA1050A Al 99,5 S1B Al 99.5
energy required to smelt primary
AA2011 Al Cu6BiPb FC1 Al 5.5Cu 0.4Bi 0.4Pb
metal is used when recycling,
AA3103 Al Mn1 NS3 Al 1.2Mn
which also avoids the problems of
AA4015 – Al 2Si 1Mn FeCuMgZn
waste disposal and dumping.
AA5083 Al Mg4,5Mn0,7 N8 Al 4.5Mg 0.7MnCr
Whilst contributing significantly
AA5251 Al Mg2 NS4 Al 2.0Mg 0.3Mn
to protecting the environment,
AA5005 Al Mg1(B) N41 Al 0.8Mg
aluminium maintains a leading
AA5454 Al Mg3Mn N51 Al 2.7Mg 0.8MnCr
position in terms of material
AA5754 Al Mg3 Al 3.1MgMnCr
selection by being the most cost
AA6063 Al Mg0,7Si HE9 Al 0.7Mg 0.4Si
effective solution for many
AA6082 Al Si1MgMn HE30 Al 0.9Mg 1.0Si 0.7Mn
industrial and consumer
AA6262 – Al 1.0Mg 0.6Si Pb
applications.
AA7075 Al ZnMgCu1.5 Al 5.6Zn 2.5Mg 1.6Cu
47

Mechanical Properties of selected Aluminium alloys

Alloy Temper Proof Tensile Shear Elongation Hardness


Stress 0.20% Strength Strength A5 Vickers

(MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (%) HV

AA1050A H12 85 100 60 12 30


H14 105 115 70 10 36
H16 120 130 80 7 –
H18 140 150 85 6 44
0 35 80 50 42 20
AA2011 T3 290 365 220 15 100
T6 300 395 235 12 115
AA3103 H14 140 155 90 9 46
0 45 105 70 29 29
AA4015 0 45 110-150 – 20 30-40
H12 110 135-175 – 4 45-55
H14 135 160-200 – 3 –
H16 155 185-225 – 2 –
H18 180 210-250 – 2 –
AA5083 H32 240 330 185 17 95
0/H111 145 300 175 23 75
AA5251 H22 165 210 125 14 65
H24 190 230 135 13 70
H26 215 255 145 9 75
0 80 180 115 26 46
AA5754 H22 185 245 150 15 75
H24 215 270 160 14 80
H26 245 290 170 10 85
0 100 215 140 25 55
AA6063 0 50 100 70 27 85
T4 90 160 110 21 50
T6 210 245 150 14 80
AA6082 0 60 130 85 27 35
T4 170 260 170 19 75
T6 310 340 210 11 100
AA6262 T6 240 290 – 8 –
T9 330 360 – 3 –
AA7075 0 105-145 225-275 150 9 65
T6 435-505 510-570 350 5 160
48

BRASS

Copper and the copper alloys are


Rod CW614N/CZ121M
some of the most versatile materials Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164
available and are used for
applications in every type of Dia Weight Dia Weight
(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
industry with world consumption
now exceeding 14 million tonnes 1
⁄8 0.07 26mm 4.50
per annum. Besides good 3
⁄16 0.15 1 ⁄16
1
4.86
conductivity the properties include 4mm 0.11 28mm 5.23
strength; hardness; ductility; 5mm 0.17 11⁄ 8 5.45
resistance to corrosion, wear and 7
⁄32 0.21 30mm 6.01
shock; low magnetic permeability; 6mm 0.24 13⁄ 16 6.07
an attractive range of colours 1
⁄4 0.27 11⁄4 6.73
together with ease of machining, 7mm 0.33 1 ⁄16
5
7.42
forming, polishing and plating. 9
⁄32 0.34 13⁄8 8.14
Over the years a number of 5
⁄16 0.42 35mm 8.18
materials have been developed 8mm 0.43 36mm 8.62
giving combinations of these 11
⁄32 0.51 17⁄16 8.90
properties that are optimum for a 9mm 0.54 11⁄2 9.69
very wide variety of applications. 3
⁄8 0.61 40mm 10.7
10mm 0.67 15⁄8 11.4
Aalco stocks all of the commonly 13
⁄32 0.71 111⁄16 12.3
required forms of copper and 15
⁄32 0.95 13⁄4 13.2
its alloys including sheet, plate, 7
⁄16 0.82 1 ⁄8
7
15.1
machining rod & hollow rod,
12mm 0.96 50mm 16.7
flat bar, hexagon bar and tube. 1
⁄2 1.08 2 17.2
In addition to a comprehensive
13mm 1.13 21⁄ 8 19.4
range of standard sizes, Aalco 17
⁄32 1.22 2 ⁄4
1
21.8
branches stock industry specific
14mm 1.30 60mm 24.0
items and customer specials. 9
⁄16 1.36 23⁄ 8 24.3
Aalco also provides a complete
15mm 1.50 21⁄ 2 26.9
range of processing services 5
⁄8 1.63 65mm 28.1
including bar, tube & pipe cutting
16mm 1.71 25⁄ 8 29.7
and plate processing. 21
⁄32 1.86 2 ⁄4
3
32.6
17mm 1.92 3 38.8
11
⁄16 2.04 31⁄ 4 45.5
18mm 2.16 31⁄ 2 52.8
23
⁄32 2.22 3 ⁄4
3
60.4
3
⁄4 2.42 4 68.9
25
⁄32 2.62 41⁄ 4 77.5
20mm 2.67 41⁄ 2 87.2
13
⁄16 2.84 130mm 108
22mm 3.23 140mm 129
7
⁄8 3.30 155mm 155
29
⁄ 32 3.52 180mm 210
15
⁄16 3.79 205mm 280
24mm 3.84 230mm 352
25mm 4.17 255mm 433
1 4.31

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.


49

BRASS

Rod CW606N/CZ131 Riveting Quality Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄16
3
0.15 9mm 0.54 5
⁄8 1.68
5mm 0.17 3
⁄8 0.61 3
⁄4 2.42
⁄4
1
0.27 10mm 0.66 7
⁄8 3.30
⁄32
9
0.34 7
⁄16 0.82 1 4.31
⁄16
5
0.42 1
⁄2 1.08

Rod CW602N/CZ132 Dezincification Resistant Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

1
⁄2 1.08 1 4.31 17⁄16 8.90
9
⁄16 1.36 1 ⁄161
4.86 1 ⁄21
9.69
5
⁄8 1.68 11⁄8 5.45 15⁄8 11.4
3
⁄4 2.42 11⁄4 6.73 17⁄8 15.1
7
⁄8 3.30 13⁄8 8.14 2 17.2

Rod CW721R & 722R/CZ114M High Tensile Brass/Manganese Bronze 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

3
⁄ 16 0.15 3
⁄4 2.42 15⁄ 8 11.4
1
⁄4 0.27 13
⁄16 2.83 13⁄4 13.2
3
⁄8 0.61 7
⁄8 3.30 2 17.2
7
⁄ 16 0.82 1 4.31 21⁄ 4 21.8
1
⁄2 1.08 1 ⁄8 1
5.45 2 ⁄21
26.9
9
⁄16 1.36 11⁄4 6.73 23⁄4 32.6
5
⁄8 1.68 1 ⁄8 3
8.14 3 38.8
11
⁄16 2.03 11⁄ 2 9.69 4 68.9

Alloy Designation

Previous Designation New Designation Previous Designation New Designation

BRASS BRONZE
CZ121 CW614N CA104 CW307G (near equivalent)
CZ124 CW603N PB102 CW451K (near equivalent)
CZ122 CW617N
CZ131 CW606N COPPER
CZ108 CW508L C101 CW004A
CZ106 CW505L C102 CW005A
CZ112 CW712N & CW712R C103 CW008A
CZ114 CW721R & CW722R C106 CW024A
CZ132 CW602N C111 CW114C
CZ130 CW624N

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.


50

BRASS

Hexagon CW614N/CZ121M Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164

Size AF Weight Size AF Weight Size AF Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

0.193 0.22 5
⁄8 1.86 11⁄4 7.42
0.248 0.29 16mm 1.88 32mm 7.54
5mm 0.18 17mm 2.13 1.300 8.03
6mm 0.26 11
⁄ 16 2.24 15⁄16 8.29
⁄4
1
0.30 18mm 2.37 13⁄8 8.98
7mm 0.36 0.710 2.39 36mm 9.54
⁄16
5
0.46 19mm 2.66 1.480 10.4
8mm 0.47 3
⁄4 2.67 11⁄ 2 10.7
0.324 0.50 13
⁄ 16 3.14 15⁄ 8 12.5
⁄8
3
0.67 0.820 3.19 41mm 12.4
10mm 0.74 22mm 3.56 1.670 13.2
11mm 0.89 7
⁄8 3.69 13⁄ 4 14.5
0.445 0.94 0.920 4.02 1.860 16.4
⁄16
7
0.91 15
⁄16 4.17 46mm 15.6
12mm 1.06 24mm 4.24 50mm 18.3
⁄2
1
1.19 1 4.75 2.050 19.9
13mm 1.24 1.010 4.84 2.2 23.0
0.525 1.31 11⁄ 16 5.36 60mm 26.4
14mm 1.44 1.100 5.76 21⁄ 2 29.7
⁄ 16
9
1.50 11⁄ 8 6.01 65mm 31.1
15mm 1.65 30mm 6.63 2 ⁄43
35.9
0.600 1.71 1.200 6.84 3 42.7

Angle CW624N/CZ130 12 foot lengths BSEN 12167

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄2 x 1⁄2 x 1⁄8
1
0.30 11⁄2 x 11⁄2 x 1⁄ 8 1.97 2 x 2 x 3⁄ 16 3.99
⁄4 x ⁄4 x ⁄ 8
3 3 1
0.94 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄ 16
1 1 3
2.89 2 x 2 x 1⁄ 4 5.14
1 x 1 x ⁄8 1
1.29 1 ⁄2 x 1 ⁄2 x ⁄ 4
1 1 1
3.77 2 ⁄2 x 2 ⁄2 x ⁄ 4
1 1 1
6.43
11⁄4 x 11⁄4 x 1⁄8 1.63 2 x 2 x 1⁄ 8 2.66 3 x 3 x 1⁄ 4 7.71

Square CW614N/CZ121M Free Machining Brass 3 metre lengths BSEN 12164

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄8
1
0.09 5
⁄8 2.14 13⁄ 4 16.8
⁄ 16
3
0.19 3
⁄4 3.08 2 21.9
⁄4
1
0.34 7
⁄8 4.20 2 ⁄4
1
27.8
⁄16
5
0.54 1 5.48 21⁄ 2 34.0
⁄8
3
0.77 1 ⁄4 1
8.57 2 ⁄4
3
41.5
⁄16
7
1.05 11⁄ 2 12.3 3 49.4
⁄2
1
1.37
51

BRASS

Tube CW508L/CZ108 Half Hard 5 metre lengths BSEN 12449

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
3
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg 0.21 3
⁄ 4 o/d x 18 swg 0.58 11⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 1.57
3
⁄ 8 o/d x 18 swg 0.27 7
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg 0.52 11⁄2 o/d x 10 swg 3.03
1
⁄ 2 o/d x 20 swg 0.29 1 o/d x 20 swg 0.59 13⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 1.85
1
⁄ 2 o/d x 18 swg 0.37 1 o/d x 18 swg 0.78 2 o/d x 20 swg 1.22
1
⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 0.48 1 o/d x 16 swg 1.03 2 o/d x 18 swg 1.60
5
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg 0.37 1 o/d x 10 swg 1.91 2 o/d x 16 swg 2.12
5
⁄8 o/d x 16 swg 0.62 11⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 1.30 2 o/d x 10 swg 4.13
3
⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.75 11⁄ 2 o/d x 20 swg 21⁄2 o/d x 16 swg 2.67
3
⁄ 4 o/d x 20 swg 0.44 11⁄ 2 o/d x 18 swg 1.19 3 o/d x 16 swg 3.22

Plate CW712N/CZ112 Naval Brass BSEN 1653

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per plate (Kg) per plate (Kg) per plate (Kg)

2.5m x 1.25m x 3mm 79.2 2.5m x 1.25m x 16mm 422 2.5m x 1.25m x 40mm 1056
2.5m x 1.25m x 5mm 132 2.5m x 1.25m x 22mm 580 2m x 1m x 45mm 1188
2.5m x 1.25m x 6mm 238 2.5m x 1.25m x 25.4mm 670 2m x 1m x 51mm 862
2.5m x 1.25m x 10mm 396 2.5m x 1.25m x 32mm 845 2m x 1m x 65mm 1098
2.5m x 1.25m x 12.7mm 503 2.5m x 1.25m x 35mm 924 2m x 1m x 76mm 1284

Can be cut to size on plate saws.

Flat bar CW614N/CZ121 Free Machining Brass 12 foot lengths BSEN 12167

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)
3
⁄ 8 x 1⁄ 8 0.26 11⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 8 0.85 21⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 8 5.08
3
⁄ 8 x 3⁄ 16 0.38 11⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 4 1.71 21⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 2 6.86
3
⁄ 8 x 1⁄ 4 0.52 11⁄ 4 x 3⁄ 8 2.57 21⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 4 10.02
3
⁄ 8 x 5⁄ 16 0.63 11⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 2 3.43 21⁄ 2 x 1 13.6
1
⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 8 0.34 11⁄ 4 x 3⁄ 4 5.14 21⁄ 2 x 11⁄ 4 17.03
1
⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 16 0.50 11⁄ 4 x 1 6.85 21⁄ 2 x 11⁄ 2 20.3
1
⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 4 0.69 11⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 8 1.03 21⁄ 2 x 13⁄ 4 23.73
1
⁄ 2 x 5⁄ 16 0.83 11⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 16 1.54 21⁄ 2 x 2 27.2
1
⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 8 1.03 11⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 4 2.06 3 x 1⁄ 8 2.06
5
⁄ 8 x 1⁄ 8 0.43 11⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 8 3.08 3 x 1⁄ 4 4.11
5
⁄ 8 x 1⁄ 4 0.86 11⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 2 4.11 3 x 3⁄ 8 6.17
5
⁄ 8 x 3⁄ 8 1.29 11⁄ 2 x 5⁄ 8 5.15 3 x 1⁄ 2 8.23
5
⁄ 8 x 1⁄ 2 1.71 11⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 4 6.11 3 x 5⁄ 8 10.2
3
⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 8 0.51 11⁄ 2 x 1 8.23 3 x 3⁄ 4 12.2
3
⁄ 4 x 3⁄ 16 0.77 13⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 2 4.75 3x1 16.5
3
⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 4 1.03 2 x 1⁄ 8 1.37 3 x 11⁄ 2 24.7
3
⁄ 4 x 5⁄ 16 1.28 2 x 3⁄ 16 2.06 3x2 32.9
3
⁄ 4 x 3⁄ 8 1.54 2 x 1⁄ 4 2.74 4 x 1⁄ 8 2.74
3
⁄ 4 x 1⁄ 2 2.06 2 x 3⁄ 8 4.11 4 x 1⁄ 4 5.48
3
⁄ 4 x 5⁄ 8 2.55 2 x 1⁄ 2 5.48 4 x 3⁄ 8 8.17
1 x 1⁄ 8 0.69 2 x 5⁄ 8 6.79 4 x 1⁄ 2 11.0
1 x 3⁄ 16 1.03 2 x 3⁄ 4 8.17 4 x 5⁄ 8 13.6
1 x 1⁄ 4 1.37 2x1 11.0 4 x 3⁄ 4 16.3
1 x 5⁄ 16 1.72 2 x 11⁄ 4 13.75 4x1 21.9
1 x 3⁄ 8 2.06 2 x 11⁄ 2 16.3 4 x 11⁄ 2 32.7
1 x 1⁄ 2 2.74 2 x 13⁄ 4 19.0 4x2 43.9
1 x 5⁄ 8 3.45 21⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 8 1.71
1 x 3⁄ 4 4.11 21⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 4 3.43
52

BRASS

Sheet CW508L-H095/CZ108-H/H BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.45mm 8.00 8’ x 1mm x 1.2mm* 25.00 4’ x 2’ x 12 swg 16.70


4’ x 2’ x 26 swg 2.90 2m x 1m x 1.2mm* 20.30 2m x 1m x 3.0mm* 50.70
2m x 1m x 0.55mm* 9.30 4’ x 2’ x 18 swg 7.54 2.5m x 1.25m x 3.0mm 79.21
4’ x 2’ x 24 swg 3.45 4’ x 2’ x 16 swg 10.00 4’ x 2’ x 10 swg 20.40
2m x 1m x 0.7mm* 11.80 8’ x 1m x 1.5mm* 31.00 2m x 1m x 4mm 67.60
4’ x 2’ x 22 swg 4.40 2m x 1m x 1.5mm* 25.30 2m x 1m x 5mm 86.00
8’ x 1m x 0.9mm 19.00 2m x 1m x 2.0mm* 33.80 2m x 1m x ⁄16”
3
80.00
2m x 1m x 0.9mm* 15.20 4’ x 2’ x 14 swg 12.60 2m x 1m x 1⁄4” 107.00
4’ x 2’ x 0.9mm 5.65 2m x 1m x 2.5mm* 42.25

* These sizes are also stocked bright polished and plastic coated one side.

Rod CW712R/CZ112 Naval Brass 3 metre lengths* BSEN 12163

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄4
1
0.27 ⁄8
7
3.28 2 17.2
⁄8
3
0.61 1 4.31 21⁄ 2 26.9
⁄2
1
1.08 1 ⁄41
6.73 3 38.8
⁄8
5
1.67 11⁄2 9.69 4 68.9
⁄4
3
2.42 1 ⁄43

*Bars over 3 inches in diameter may vary in length.

Sheet CW505L-H055/CZ106 70/30 Soft, Spinning Quality BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.45mm 8.0 4ft x 2ft x 22 swg 4.40 4ft x 2ft x 18 swg 7.54
2m x 1m x 0.55mm 9.30 2m x 1m x 0.9m 15.2 2m x 1m x 1.6mm 27.0
4ft x 2ft x 24 swg 3.45 4ft x 2ft x 20 swg 5.65 4ft x 2ft x 16 swg 10.00
2m x 1m x 0.7mm 11.8 2m x 1m x 1.2mm 20.3 2m x 1m x 2mm 33.83
53

COPPER

Tube CW024A/C106 Half Hard 6 metre lengths BSEN 12449

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄4 o/d x 20 swg
1
0.14 5
⁄ 8 o/d x 18 swg 0.50 1 o/d x 20 swg 0.63
⁄4 o/d x 18 swg
1
0.17 3
⁄4 o/d x 20 swg 0.46 1 o/d x 18 swg 0.83
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg
3
0.22 3
⁄4 o/d x 18 swg 0.61 1 o/d x 16 swg 1.08
⁄ 8 o/d x 18 swg
3
0.29 3
⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 0.79 11⁄4 o/d x 16 swg 1.37
⁄ 2 o/d x 20 swg
1
0.30 7
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg 0.54 1 ⁄ 2 o/d x 16 swg
1
1.66
⁄ 2 o/d x 18 swg
1
0.39 7
⁄ 8 o/d x 16 swg 0.94 2 o/d x 16 swg 2.24
⁄ 2 o/d x 16 swg
1
0.50 ⁄ 8 o/d x 18 swg
7
0.72 21⁄ 2 o/d x 16 swg 2.81
⁄ 8 o/d x 20 swg
5
0.38

Flat Bar CW004A/C101 Hard Drawn High Conductivity Radius edge 4-4.2 metre lengths BSEN 13601

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄ 2 x 1⁄8
1
0.36 11⁄4 x 1⁄ 4 1.79 21⁄ 2 x 3⁄ 8 5.38
⁄2 x ⁄16
1 3
0.54 1 ⁄ 2 x ⁄8
1 1
1.08 21⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 2 7.18
⁄2 x ⁄4
1 1
0.72 1 ⁄ 2 x ⁄ 16
1 3
1.61 3 x ⁄4 1
4.31
⁄8 x 1⁄8
5
0.45 11⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 4 2.15 3 x 3⁄ 8 6.46
⁄4 x ⁄8
3 1
0.54 1 ⁄ 2 x ⁄8
1 3
3.23 3 x ⁄2 1
8.61
⁄4 x 3⁄16
3
0.81 11⁄ 2 x 1⁄ 2 4.31 80mm x 10mm 7.12
⁄4 x ⁄4
3 1
1.08 40mm x 5mm 1.78 100mm x 6mm 5.34
20mm x 5mm 0.89 40mm x 8mm 2.85 100mm x 10mm 8.90
20mm x 6mm 1.07 40mm x 10mm 3.56 100mm x 12mm 10.6
20mm x 10mm 1.78 50mm x 3mm 1.34 4 x 1⁄ 4 5.74
25mm x 3mm 0.67 50mm x 5mm 2.23 4 x ⁄8 3
8.61
25mm x 5mm 1.11 50mm x 8mm 3.57 4 x 1⁄ 2 11.5
25mm x 6mm 1.34 50mm x 10mm 4.45 120mm x 6mm 6.42
25mm x 10mm 2.22 50mm x 12mm 5.35 120mm x 10mm 10.7
1 x 1⁄ 8 0.72 2 x 1⁄ 8 1.44 5 x 1⁄ 4 7.18
1 x ⁄ 163
1.08 2 x ⁄ 163
2.15 5 x 1⁄ 2 14.3
1 x 1⁄ 4 1.44 2 x 1⁄ 4 2.87 150mm x 6mm 8.02
1 x ⁄2 1
2.87 2 x 3⁄ 8 4.31 150mm x 10mm 13.4
30mm x 3mm 0.80 2 x 1⁄ 2 5.74 6 x 1⁄ 4 8.61
30mm x 5mm 1.34 2 x ⁄4 3
8.61 6 x 1⁄ 2 17.2
30mm x 6mm 1.61 60mm x 6mm 3.20 160mm x 10mm 14.2
30mm x 10mm 2.67 60mm x 10mm 5.34 200mm x 6mm 10.2
1 ⁄4 x ⁄ 8
1 1
0.90 2 ⁄ 2 x ⁄4
1 1
5.59 200mm x 10mm 17.8
11⁄4 x 3⁄ 16 1.35
54

COPPER

Sheet CW024A-H065/C106 Half Hard BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.55mm 9.79 4ft x 2ft x 18 swg 7.94 2m x 1m x 3mm 53.4


4ft x 2ft x 24 swg 3.64 2.5m x 1.25m x 1.5mm 41.7 4ft x 2ft x 10 swg 21.5
2m x 1m x 0.7mm 12.5 2m x 1m x 1.5mm 26.72 2m x 1m x 4mm 74.0
4ft x 2ft x 22 swg 4.63 4ft x 2ft x 16 swg 10.6 4ft x 2ft x 3⁄ 16 31.5
2m x 1m x 0.9mm 16.0 2m x 1m x 2mm 35.6 2m x 1m x 5mm 89.0
4ft x 2ft x 20 swg 5.95 4ft x 2ft x 14 swg 13.2 2m x 1m x 6mm 106.0
2m x 1m x 1.2mm 21.4 2m x 1m x 2.5mm 44.5 2.5m x 1.25m x 8mm 235.0

Sheet CW004A-H065/C101 Half Hard BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.9mm 16.0 1200 x 600 x 1.6mm 10.2 4ft x 2ft x 10 swg 21.5
4ft x 2ft x 20 swg 5.94 2m x 1m x 2mm 35.6 2m x 1m x 4mm 74
2m x 1m x 1.2mm 21.4 1200 x 600 x 2mm 12.8 2m x 1m x 5mm 89
2m x 1m x 1.5mm 26.7 2m x 1m x 3mm 53.4 2m x 1m x 6mm 106

Plate CW008A/C103 ‘M’ (As Manufactured) BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight Size Weight


per plate (Kg) per plate (Kg) per plate (Kg)

3m x 1m x 6mm 128 3m x 1m x 20mm 355 3m x 1m x 51mm 907


3m x 1m x 10mm 213 3m x 1m x 25mm 452 2m x 1m x 65mm 1157
3m x 1m x 12.7mm 339 3m x 1m x 32mm 889 1m x 1m x 102mm 907
3m x 1m x 16mm 427 3m x 1m x 40mm 711

Can be cut to size on plate saws.

Round Bar CW114C/C111 Hard BSEN 12164

Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄2
1
1.13 ⁄8
7
3.45
⁄8
5
1.76 1 4.51
⁄4
3
2.54
55

COPPER

Round Bar CW004A/C101 Hard Drawn High Conductivity 4-4.2 metre lengths BSEN 13601

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

⁄4
1
0.28 25mm 4.39 45mm 14.1
⁄16
5
0.44 1 4.51 50mm 17.4
⁄8
3
0.63 1 ⁄8
1
5.71 2 18.0
10mm 0.70 30mm 6.32 21⁄4 22.8
12mm 1.01 1 ⁄4
1
7.05 2 ⁄2
1
28.2
⁄2
1
1.13 13⁄8 8.53 23⁄4 34.1
⁄8
5
1.76 1 ⁄2
1
10.0 3 40.6
16mm 1.79 40mm 11.2 31⁄4 45.3
20mm 2.80 1 ⁄8
5
11.9 3 ⁄2
1
55.2
⁄4
3
2.54 13⁄4 13.8 4 72.2
⁄8
7
3.45

Sheet CW024A-H040/C106 Soft – Spinning Quality BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight


per sheet (Kg) per sheet (Kg)

2m x 1m x 0.55mm 9.79 4ft x 2ft x 20 swg 5.95


4ft x 2ft x 24 swg 3.64 2m x 1m x 1.2mm 21.4
2m x 1m x 0.7mm 12.5 4ft x 2ft x 18 swg 7.94
2m x 1m x 0.9mm 16.0 2m x 1m x 1.6mm 28.5

STRENGTH
Al
Si
Cr Mn
Zr
P Ni
Zn Fe
Sn
CORROSION
COLOUR
RESISTANCE
Zn
Si Sn
Sn

Ni Cu Ni
As

Fe
Al

Zn Mn

Pb Te
WEAR
S
Al RESISTANCE
MACHINABILITY Cd Sn

Ag
Si
56

BRONZE

Drawn Rod PB102 BS2874

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

1
⁄2 1.12 11⁄ 2 10.0 21⁄2 28.0
5
⁄8 1.75 15⁄ 8 11.8 23⁄4 33.9
3
⁄4 2.52 1 ⁄4
3
13.7 3 40.4
7
⁄8 3.43 17⁄ 8 15.9 31⁄ 4 47.6
1 4.48 2 17.9 31⁄ 2 54.9
11⁄ 8 5.68 21⁄ 8 20.4 4 71.7
1 ⁄4 1
7.01 2 ⁄4
1
22.7 5 114
13⁄ 8 8.48

Rod CA104 Aluminium Bronze BS2874

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

1
⁄2 0.96 35mm 7.31 60mm 21.4
5
⁄8 1.5 11⁄ 2 8.66 65mm 25.2
20mm 2.39 40mm 9.55 70mm 29.2
7
⁄8 2.95 45mm 12.0 3 34.7
1 3.85 2 15.4 3 ⁄2
1
47.2
32mm 6.11 55mm 18.0 4 61.6

Hexagon NES 833 PART 2 Aluminium Bronze

Size AF Weight Size AF Weight Size AF Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

1
⁄2 1.07 1.010 4.36 15⁄8 11.3
0.600 1.54 11⁄ 8 5.41 1.670 11.9
0.710 2.15 1.200 6.17 1.860 14.8
0.820 2.87 1.300 7.24 2.050 18.0
0.920 3.62 1.480 9.36 2.220 21.1
15
⁄ 16 3.76

Plate CW451K/PB102 Phosphor Bronze BSEN 1652

Size Weight Size Weight


per plate (Kg) per plate (Kg)

3m x 1m x 6mm 159 3m x 1m x 16mm 425


3m x 1m x 10mm 266 3m x 1m x 20mm 531
3m x 1m x 12mm 319 3m x 1m x 25mm 664
57

BRONZE

Rod SAE660 Continuously Cast Bearing Bronze

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

1
⁄2 1.13 13⁄4 13.9 4 72.4
3
⁄4 2.55 2 18.1 41⁄ 2 91.6
7
⁄8 3.46 2 ⁄2
1
28.3 4 ⁄4
3
102
1 4.52 23⁄4 34.2 5 113
1 ⁄41
7.07 3 40.7 6 163
11⁄2 10.2 31⁄ 2 55.4 7 222

Hollow Bar SAE660 General Purpose Bearing Bronze

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

2 o/d x 1 i/d 13.6 31⁄ 2 o/d x 11⁄ 2 i/d 45.2 43⁄ 4 o/d x 11⁄ 2 i/d 91.9
2 ⁄ 2 o/d x 1 i/d
1
23.8 3 ⁄ 2 o/d x 2 i/d
1
37.3 4 ⁄ 4 o/d x 2 i/d
3
83.9
21⁄ 2 o/d x 11⁄ 2 i/d 18.1 4 o/d x 1 i/d 67.9 43⁄ 4 o/d x 3 i/d 61.3
2 ⁄ 4 o/d x 1 i/d
3
29.7 4 o/d x 2 i/d 54.3 5 o/d x 2 i/d 95.0
23⁄ 4 o/d x 11⁄ 2 i/d 24.0 4 o/d x 3 i/d 31.7 5 o/d x 4 i/d 40.7
3 o/d x 1 i/d 36.2 41⁄ 2 o/d x 11⁄ 2 i/d 81.4 6 o/d x 2 i/d 145
3 o/d x 1 ⁄ 2 i/d
1
30.5 41⁄ 2 o/d x 2 i/d 73.5 6 o/d x 4 i/d 90.5
3 o/d x 2 i/d 22.6 4 ⁄ 2 o/d x 3 i/d
1
50.9 7 o/d x 5 i/d 109

Machining allowance on the outside diameter + 1mm on the inside diameter.

Grade 2 Rod NES 833 PART 2 Aluminium Bronze

Dia Weight Dia Weight Dia Weight


(in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg) (in) per metre (Kg)

3
⁄8 0.54 13⁄ 4 11.8 31⁄ 2 47.2
1
⁄2 0.96 1 ⁄8
7
13.5 3 ⁄4
3
54.5
5
⁄8 1.50 2 15.4 4 61.6
3
⁄4 2.17 2 ⁄8
1
17.4 4 ⁄2
1
78.0
7
⁄8 2.96 21⁄ 4 19.5 43⁄ 4 86.9
1 3.85 2 ⁄8
3
21.7 5 96.3
11⁄ 8 4.87 21⁄ 2 24.1 51⁄ 2 116
11⁄ 4 6.02 25⁄ 8 26.5 6 139
13⁄ 8 7.28 23⁄4 29.1 7 189
1 ⁄21
8.66 3 34.7 8 246
15⁄ 8 10.2 31⁄ 4 40.7

Hard Sheet CW451K/PB102 Phosphor Bronze BSEN 1652

Size Weight
per sheet (Kg)

1200 x 600 x 1.6mm 10.0


1200 x 600 x 3mm 19.0
58

Material Selection Criteria Brass


– best machinability turned components
Some of the criteria commonly considered – hot formability stampings
in the selection of copper and copper-based – castability large water fittings
alloys are shown below: – ductility pressings, lamp caps
– strength valve stems

A large number of copper alloys Material Properties


Beryllium Coppers
have been developed for a wide Strength (tensile, proof or shear)
Corrosion resistance – strength, fatigue springs
variety of applications. A range of resistance,
Ductility
brasses based on alloys of copper Hardness conductivity
and zinc offer properties such as Thermal conductivity
Impact resistance Phosphor Bronzes (5% tin – wrought)
high corrosion resistance, high
Electrical conductivity – strength, fatigue springs
tensile strength or suitability for Fatigue resistance resistance,
hot-stamping whilst free machining Magnetic permeability conductivity
brass sets the standard of Effect of temperature on properties
Wear resistance Phosphor Bronzes (higher tin – cast)
machinability by which all other
Tolerances on dimensions – strength, hardness bearings
metals are judged. Consistency of properties valve fittings
Material specifications
Bronzes and gunmetal based on
Leaded Bronzes
alloys of copper and tin offer a Production Considerations – castability, bearings
combination of properties such as Machinability machinability valve fittings
high strength, hardness and wear Formability
Availability Gunmetals
resistance. Copper-nickel alloys
Initial cost – castability and heavy duty valves
offer a combination of seawater Ease of joining strength
corrosion and erosion resistance Ease of finishing
with good strength and ready Value of process scrap Nickel Silvers
Quality assurance – oxidation resistance, contacts,
formability.
strength springs, cutlery
Marketing Considerations
Appeal to user Aluminium Bronzes
Packaging costs – strength, excellent seawater valves
Lifetime reliability corrosion resistance and pipefittings
Total cost heavy duty bearings
Unforeseen problems gear selector forks
Total lifetime costs (and residual value)
Copper-Nickel Alloys
In comparison with most other materials – resistance to seawater pipelines
copper and its alloys score well when the marine biofouling splashzone
above are considered. Because of the many and corrosion protection
years of experience of usage that are
available, the likelihood of unforeseen Copper-Chromium Alloys
problems is remote. – conductivity, high resistance welding
temperature electrodes,
In this brochure you will find material of all strength rotor bars
types with a balance of these properties to
suit most applications. Choice of alloy type Those who are already familiar with
may be helped by use of the following aluminium and its alloys will have
examples of a few of the many recognised that many of the properties
combinations of properties and applications possessed by both metals are similar. The
of copper-based materials. major differences are:

Copper Copper and Copper Alloys


– highest conductivity electrical – Better machinability
of any common conductors – Stronger across range
metal – Easier to join
– Some alloys have a better combination of
– excellent ductility heat exchangers properties
– excellent corrosion water tubes – Twice the conductivity
resistance roofing
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys
– Lighter
– Can be anodised
Nominal Chemical Composition % Examples of Mechanical Properties
Cu Pb Sn Fe Al Mn Zn Si Ni Metallurgical Tensile Proof Elongation Hardness
Product Alloy Type Description Wrought Industries and Applications Condition Strength Stress % on VPN
2
form N/mm2 0.2% Nmm 5.65 √ SO

CZ121 TURNING Lead is added to brasses to improve machinability Rods, Bars High speed machined components 58 3 Bal Drawn 410 200 20 130-150
BRASSES and, being virtually insoluble, exists as small particles Sections in all general applications CZ124
distributed throughout the alloy. These low shear strength Hollows particularly suited to thread
particles act as chip breakers CZ124 has a higher copper Tubes rolling. 61 3 Bal Drawn 400 180 20 110-140
CZ124 content and is more ductile.

CZ122 STAMPING In this group the lead content is restricted to maintain Rods, Bars Sanitary Industry
BRASSES machinability yet impart greater ductility. These Sections Valve Bodies, Fittings 58 2 Bal Extruded 380 200 25 90-110
characteristics combine to create the standard hot forging Hollows All suitable stampings
and stamping brass.
BRASS
CZ131 TURNING AND These brasses are necessarily a compromise as high Rods Fasteners
RIVETING machinability coincides with low ductility and vice-versa. Coil Rivets
BRASSES Therefore copper is kept over 60%, lead is lower by 1% Sections Automotive Engineering 62 2 Bal Drawn 380 210 25 110-130
than turning brasses and impurities are controlled. Hollows Domestic Appliances
1
CZ108 TOUGH High purity cold forming brasses are recommended where Rods, Coil Electrical components 63 Bal ⁄4 H 450 350 25 130-160
DUCTILE severe bending or riveting properties are required. Sections Building industry, Nails, Chains 1
CZ106 BRASSES They machine at slow speeds only and very light feeds. Sheet, Strip Screws, Scientific, Automotive 70 30 ⁄4 H 450 350 25 130-160

CZ112 NAVAL By adding tin to duplex brasses the resistance to corrosion Rods, Process & Chemical Industries
BRASSES and dezincification is much increased particularly in salt water. Sections Heaters, Marine Industries 61.5 1.2 Bal Extruded 350 130 30 100-140
Sheet, Plate

CZ114 HIGH TENSILE Tin again is added to protect against corrosion in marine Rods Architectural
BRASS and mildly acidic environments. It also raises the strength. Sections High Strength Components
(MANGANESE Aluminium and silicon both produce an oxide film which Hollows Process & Chemical 57 .75 .75 1.5 Bal Drawn 500 250 15 140-175
BRONZE) affects its appearance and wear resistance. Valve & Fittings

CA104 ALUMINIUM These are basically alloys of copper and aluminium with Rounds Engine Components
BRONZE significant additions of both iron and nickel. They then display Hexagons High Temperature uses 80 5 10 25 5 Drawn 750 430 15 210-300
BRONZE high mechanical strength and excellent resistance to corrosion, Squares Valves & Pumps
abrasion and shock loading. Flats

PB102 PHOSPHOR Phosphor bronzes are alloys of copper and tin. Good corrosion Rounds Process & Chemical Applications
BRONZE resistance approaching that of aluminium bronze. The high Hexagons Gears, Worms, Bushes 95 5 Half Hard 650 560 3 210-240
fatigue strength of these alloys can be very useful. Strip, Sheet Aircraft & Marine

SAE660 LEADED This product continuously cast, is an ideal medium hard Rounds Locomotive Bearings
GUNMETAL material with reasonably high abrasion resistance and Hollows Coupling Rod Bearings 83 7 7 3 Continuously 340 155 18 68-90
moderate emergency running properties. Sliding Bearings and all Bushes Cast

C101 GENERAL Besides being the basis of all brasses and bronzes listed above Rods Electrical, Domestic Appliances
COPPER moderate copper is an engineering material in its own right. Sections Automotive 99.9 Half Hard 280 220 10 95-105
C102 It exhibits high electrical and thermal conductivity and along Sheet General Engineering Min
with high ductility and impact strength can be a very useful Strip Cold Formed Parts
COPPER material.

C106 PHOSPHOROUS This is phosphorous de-oxidised non-arsenical copper in Tubes Gas Industry 99.85 Annealed 220 45 45 45-60
DE-OXIDISED tube form or sheet Refrigeration Min
NON-ARSENICAL Building
COPPER

This data is for general reference only; check specific literature for conditions and recommendations.
59
60

NICKEL ALLOYS

Aalco provides its customers


Corrosion Resistant Alloys Heat Resistant Alloys
with access to the UK’s most
comprehensive nickel alloy stock
MONEL ALLOY 400 INCOLOY ALLOY DS
range. The range, outlined in this
MONEL ALLOY K500 INCOLOY ALLOY 800
section, also includes duplex and
INCOLOY ALLOY 825 INCOLOY ALLOY 800HT
super duplex stainless steels and
INCOLOY ALLOY 925 INCOLOY ALLOY 803
titanium. In addition, as described
INCONEL ALLOY 625 INCONEL ALLOY 600
below, Aalco offer a comprehensive
INCONEL ALLOY 725 INCONEL ALLOY 601
range of in-house processing
INCONEL ALLOY 718 NIMONIC ALLOY 75
facilities, supported by a network
INCONEL ALLOY X750
of carefully selected and approved
ALLOY 660/A286
sub-contractors. As with all
products, Aalco provides a fast, Compatible welding consumables for MIG, TIG and MMA processes are
also available.
flexible and reliable service with an
unrivalled level of technical service
and support.
Product Forms
• Strip • Billet
• Sheet • Square
• Plate • Hexagon
• Tubing • Rings
• Pipe • Forgings
• Wire • Flanges/Fittings
• Rounds

Customised products and services


In addition to the many standard stock sizes, Aalco also offers a service for
specials and/or non-standard items that may arise. Using proven out-workers
and numerous international producers, Aalco can source and then customise to
provide exactly the product, alloy and form you require, no matter how large
or small. Service facilities include:

• Bar sawing
• Shearing
• Plasma cutting
• Forging
• Machining
• Heat treatment
• Testing
• Plate Saw
61

STOCK SIZE RANGES

Sheet/Strip Tube & Pipe


0.002 to 0.25in (0.05 to 6.4mm) thick. Seamless Tube
Up to 60in (1500mm) wide. 0.125 to 4.0in (3.28 to 101.2mm) outside dia.
Coil or cut flat lengths.
Seamless Pipe
Plate 0.5in to 10.0in (12.7 to 254mm).
0.1875 to 0.4in (4.8 to 102mm) thick.
Up to 96in (2440mm) wide. Welded Pipe
Up to 360in (9140mm) long. 0.5in to 24in (12.7 to 610mm).

Rod and Bar Products Fittings and Flanges


Hot Rolled Rod in Coil Fittings
0.217 to 1.03in (5.5 to 25mm) dia. Elbows, Tees and reducers – 180° return bends and
forged outlets.
Cold Drawn Rounds Manufactured in accordance with ASTM B366.
0.375 to 4.0in (9.5 to 102m) dia. Tolerances & Dimensions (as applicable) to: ANSI B 16.9.
ANSI B 16.11, ANSI B 16.28, ASNI 16.25, MSS SP43.
Cold Drawn Hexagon
Flanges
0.50 to 3.875in (12.7 to 98mm) across flats.
Manufactured in accordance with ANSI B 16.5, BS 1560.

Rounds
The stock range is further enhanced by modern, highly
0.375 to 10in (9.5 to 254mm) dia.
productive processing equipment ensuring customers of
a cost effective service.
Billet (RCS)
4in to 12in (101.6 to 305mm).

ALLOY Plate Sheet Sheet Bar Billett Hexagon Pipe Tube Fittings Flanges
in Coil

NICKEL 200 * * * * * * *
MONEL Alloy 400 * * * * * * * * * *
MONEL Alloy K500 * *
INCONEL Alloy 600 * * * * * * * * *
INCONEL Alloy 601 * * * * *
INCONEL Alloy 625 * * * * * * * * *
INCONEL Alloy 718 * *
INCONEL Alloy X750 * *
INCOLOY Alloy 925 * *
INCOLOY Alloy 800/800HT * * * * * * * *
INCOLOY Alloy 825 * * * * * * * *
INCOLOY Alloy DS * * *
C-276 Alloy * * * * * * * *
A286 GRADE 660 *
6 MOLY * * * * * * *
UNS 31803 (DUPLEX) * * * * * * *
UNS 32760 (SUPER DUPLEX) * * * * * * *
TITANIUM 1,2 * * * * * * * * * *
T309 *
T310 * * * *
T321 * * * * * * * *
17-4 PH SS * * *
62

NICKEL ALLOYS FAMILY TREE

MONEL 450
MONEL
Cupro 107
R405
FERRY

Cu S

INCO MONEL Al, Ti MONEL


NILO K
HX K500 400

Mo Cu Co Fe

INCOLOY
INCO Fe INCOLOY Mo Fe NICKEL
800, 800H
25-6MO Mo 825 Cu Cr 200-201
DS

Mo Al Ti Cr Fe

INCO INCOLOY INCONEL Cr INCONEL


G3 925 690 600

Ti Al
Mo Nb
Nb

INCONEL INCONEL
625 X750

Ti Mo W Mo

SOLID INCONEL INCO INCONEL


SOLUTION 725 C276 706, 718

PRECIPITATION
HARDENABLE
63

NILO DURANICKEL BRIGHTRAY


36-50 301 B, F, 35

Fe Al, Ti Fe

Cr BRIGHTRAY Al, Ti
NIMONIC Co NIMONIC
C, S
80A 90
NIMONIC 75

Y2O 3 Mo

Al INCONEL INCONEL Cr INCONEL NIMONIC


Cr 601 MA 754 MA 758 105, 115, 263

Cr, Al, Mo, Co

INCONEL
617

Fe
Additions
Fe = Iron
INCO
A286 Cr = Chromium
Al = Aluminium
Ti = Titanium
Mo = Molybdenum
Co = Cobalt
W = Tungsten
Cu = Copper
Y2O3 = Yttrium Oxide
Nb = Niobium
S = Sulphur
64

NICKEL ALLOYS SELECTION GUIDE

ROOM TEMPERATURE
Tensile
Strength
BASIC 1000 psi
ALLOY COMPOSITION % SPECIFICATIONS & DESIGNATIONS Temper (MPa)
Nickel Ni 99.6 UNS NO2200 (Nickel 200)/UNS NO2201 (Nickel 201/BS Annealed 55-80
200/201 C 0.08 3072-3076/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 160-163/ASME Code Sec. (380-550)
III, VIII, IX/AMS 5553 (201)/DIN 17740, 17750-17754/W.
Nr. 2.4060 (200), 2.4066 (200), 2.4061 (201)

MONEL Ni 66.5 UNS NO4400/BS 3072-3076 (NA13)/ASTM B (ASME SB-) Annealed 70-90
alloy Cu 31.5 127, 163-165, 564/ASME Code Sec. III, IV, VIII, IX/AMS (480-620)
400 4544, 4574, 4575, 4675, 4730, 4731, 7233/DIN 17743,
17750-17754/W. Nr. 2.4360, 2.4361/QQ-N-281/AFNOR
NU30
MONEL Ni 65.5 UNS NO5500/BS 3072-3076 (NA18)/ASME Code Sec. VIII/ Aged 140-190
alloy Cu 29.5 AMS 4676/DIN 17743, 17752, 17754/W. (970-1310)
K-500 Al 2.7; Ti 0.6 Nr. 2.4375/QQ-N-281.
INCONEL Ni 76.0; Cr 15.5; UNS NO6600/BS 3072-3076 (NA14)/ASTM B (ASME SB-) Annealed 80-100
alloy Fe 8.0 163, 166-168, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/AMS 5540, (550-690)
600 5580, 5665, 5687, 7232/DIN 17742, 17750-17754/W.
Nr. 2.4816/AFNOR NC 15 Fe
INCONEL Ni 60.5; Cr 23.0, UNS NO6601/ASME Code Sec. VIII/AMS 5715, 5870/DIN Annealed 80-115
alloy Fe 14.0, Al 1.4 17742, 17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4851 (550-790)
601

INCONEL Ni 52.0; Cr 22.0, UNS NO6617/ASME Code Sec. I, VIII Annealed 110
alloy Co 12.5, Mo 9.0, (760)
617 Al 1.2

INCONEL Ni 61.0; Cr 21.5; UNS NO6625/BS 3072, 3074, 3076 (NA21)/ASTM B Annealed 135
alloy Mo 9.0, Nb + Ta 3.6 (ASME SB-) 443, 444, 446, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, (930)
625 IX/AMS 5581, 5599, 5666, 5837/DIN 17744, 17750-17752,
17754/W. Nr. 2.4856/AFNOR 22 D Nb
INCONEL Ni 52.5, Cr 19.0, UNS NO7718/ASTM B 637, B 670/ASME Code Sec. I, III/ Aged 196
alloy Fe 18.5, AMS 5589, 5590, 5596, 5597, 5662-5664, 5832/W. (1350)
718 Mo 3.0, Nr. 2.4668/LW Nr. 2.4668/AECMA Pr EN 2404, 2407,
Nb + Ta 5.1 2408
INCONEL Ni 73.0, Cr 15.5, UNS NO7750/BS HR505/ASTM B 637/ASME SB-637, Aged 162-193
alloy Fe 7.0, Ti 2.5, Code Sec. III/AMS 5542, 5582, 5583, 5598, 5667-5671, (1120-1330)
X-750 Al 0.7, Nb + Ta 1.0 5698, 5699, 5747, 5749, 7246/AFNOR NC 15 Fe T
INCOLOY Ni 32.5, Fe 46.0, UNS NO8800/BS 3072-3076 (NA15)/ASTM B (ASME SB-) Annealed 75-100
alloy Cr 21.0 163, 407-409, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/AMS (520-690)
800 5766, 5871/S. E. W. 470/W. Nr. 1.4876

INCOLOY Ni 32.5, Fe 46.0, UNS NO8811/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 163, 407-409, Annealed 65-95
alloy Cr 21.0, C 0.08, 564/ASME Code Sec. I, VIII/W. Nr. 1.4876/BS 3072, (450-660)
800 HT Al + Ti 1.0 3074, 3076 (NA15H)/S. E. W. 470

INCOLOY Ni 38, Fe 40, BS 3072-3076 (NA17) Annealed 87


alloy DS Cr 18, Si 2.2 (600)
INCOLOY Ni 42, Fe 30, UNS NO8825/Bs 3072-3074, 3076 (NA14)/ASTM B Annealed 85-105
alloy Cr 21.5, Mo 3, (ASME SB-) 163, 423-425/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, (590-720)
825 Cu 2.2 IX/DIN 17744, 17750-17752, 17754/W. Nr. 2.4858

INCOLOY Ni 42, Fe 32, UNS NO9925 Aged 176


alloy Cr 21, Mo 3, (1210)
925 Cu 2.2, Ti 2.1
INCO Ni 57.0, Mo 16.0, UNS N10276/ASTM B (ASME SB-) 574, 575, 619, Annealed 115
alloy Cr 15.5, Fe 5.5, 622, 626/ASME Code Sec. I, III, VIII, IX/DIN 17744, (790)
C-276 W 3.8 17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4819

INCO Ni 25.5, Fe 56, UNS S66286, ASTM A453, A638, ASME SA 638, BS HR51, Aged 150
alloy Cr 15, Ti 2.1, HR52, HR650, SAE AMS 5525, 5726, 5731, 5732, 5734, (1050)
A286 Mo 1.5 5737, 5858, 5895, AFNOR Z3 NCT 25, W. Nr. 1.4980
NIMONIC Ni 80, Cr 19.5 UNS NO6075/BS HR5, HR203, HR403, HR504/DIN 17742, Annealed 110
alloy 17750-17752/W. Nr. 2.4951, 2.4630/LW. Nr. 2.4630/ (750)
75 AFNOR, NC 20T/AECMA Pr EN 2293, 2294, 2302,
2306-2308, 2402, 2411
NIMONIC Ni 76, Cr 19.5 UNS NO7080/BS 3076 (NA20), HR 1, HR 201, HR 401, Aged 180
alloy Ti 2.4, Al 1.4 HR 601/ASTM B 637/DIN 17742, 17754/W. Nr. 2.4952, (1220)
80A 2.4631/LW. Nr. 2.4631/AFNOR NC 20TA/AECMA
Pr EN 2188-2191, 2396, 2397
NIMONIC Ni 60, Cr. 19.5, UNS NO7090/BS 3075 (NA19), HR 2, HR 202, HR 402, HR Aged 170
alloy Co 16.5, Ti 2.5, 501-HR 503/AMS 5829/LW. Nr. 2.4632/AFNOR NCK 20TA/ (1175)
90 Al 1.5 AECMA Pr EN 2295-2299, 2400, 2401, 2412, 2669, 2670.
65

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Yield Strength
0.2% Offset
1000 psi Elongation Hardness
(MPa) % Brinell DESCRIPTION • MAJOR APPLICATIONS
15-30 55-40 90-120 Commercially pure wrought nickel, good mechanical properties, excellent resistance
(100-210) to many corrosives. Nickel 201 has low carbon (0.02% max.) for applications over
600°F (315°C). • Food processing equipment, chemical shipping drums, caustic
handling equipment and piping, electronic parts, aerospace and missile components,
rocket motor cases, magnetostrictive devices.
25-50 60-35 110-149 High strength, good weldability, excellent corrosion resistance over wide range of
(170-340) temperatures and conditions. • Valves, pumps, shafts, marine fixtures, fasteners,
electrical and electronic components, processing equipment, petroleum refining
and production equipment, feedwater heaters and other heat exchangers.

110-150 30-20 265-346 Age-hardenable version of MONEL alloy 400 for increased strength and hardness.
(760-1030) • Pump shafts, doctor blades and scrapers, oil-well drill collars and instruments,
electronic components, springs, valve trims, fasteners.
30-50 55-35 120-170 High nickel, high chromium content for resistance to oxidizing and reducing
(210-340) environments; for severely corrosive environments at elevated temperatures.
• Furnace muffles, electronic components, chemical and food processing
equipment, heat treating equipment, nuclear steam generator tubing.
30-60 70-40 110-150 Excellent high-temperature properties, resistance to oxidizing, carburizing, and
(210-340) sulphur-containing atmospheres. • Heat exchangers, heat-treating baskets and
fixtures, radiant tubes, thermocouple tubes, furnace muffles and retorts,
combustion cans, aircraft engine parts.
51 58 173 Excellent cyclic oxidation and carburization resistance and good stress-rupture
(350) properties. • Aerospace and engine components, after-burners, flame holders,
spray bars, combustion can liners, turbine seals, heat-treating equipment, nitric acid
catalyst supports, reformer tubing.
75 45 180 High strength and toughness from cryogenic temperatures to 1800°F (980°C), good
(520) oxidation resistance, exceptional fatigue strength, and good corrosion resistance.
• Chemical and pollution control equipment, ash pit seals, nuclear reactors, marine
equipment, ducting, thrust reverser assemblies, fuel nozzles, afterburners, spray bars.
171 17 382 Excellent strength from – 423°F to 1300°F (– 253°C to 705°C). Age hardenable and
(1180) may be welded in fully aged condition. Excellent oxidation resistance up to 1800°F
(980°) • Jet engines, pump bodies and parts, rocket motors and thrust reversers,
nuclear fuel element spacers, hot extrusion tooling.
115-142 30 -15 300-390 Age hardenable alloy with good corrosion and oxidation resistance. Excellent
(790-980) relaxation resistance. • Gas turbine parts, steam service and nuclear reactor springs,
bolts, vacuum envelopes, extrusion dies, bellows, forming tools.
30-60 60-30 120-184 Strong and resistant to oxidation and carburization at elevated temperatures.
(210-410) Resists sulphur attack, internal oxidation, scaling and corrosion. • Heat exchangers,
process piping, carburizing fixtures and retorts, heating element sheathing, nuclear
steam generator tubing.
20-50 50-30 100-184 Similar to alloys 800 and 800H with better high-temperature strength.
(140-340) Higher design strength values for use above 1150°F (620°C). • Chemical and power
plant super-heater and reheater tubing; steam-methane reformer pigtails, headers,
and furnace tubing; process piping.
32 61 – Good high-temperature strength and resistance to oxidation and carburization.
(220) • Heat-treating furnaces and equipment.
35-65 50-30 120-180 Excellent resistance to wide variety of corrosives. Resists pitting and intergranular
(240-450) corrosion. • Pickling tank heaters, pickling hooks, spent nuclear fuel recovery,
chemical tank trailers, processing equipment, sour well tubing, hydrofluoric acid
production, pollution control and radwaste systems.
118 24 – Age-hardenable alloy provides high strength up to 1000°F (540°C). Comparable to
(810) alloy 825 in corrosion resistance. • Oil country tubular products, tool joints, surface
and downhole hardware, fasteners, shafting.
60 50 184 Outstanding corrosion resistance in reducing and oxidizing environments.
(415) Maintains corrosion resistance in welded joints. Excellent resistance to pitting and
stress-corrosion cracking. • Widely used in severest environments in chemical
processing, pollution control, pulp and paper.
100 25 – An age-hardenable alloy for high mechanical properties. The alloy maintains good
(700) strength and oxidation resistance up to 700°C. • An alloy that is extensively used as
stud bolts and fasteners in the aerospace, oil-field and petrochemical industries.
35 40 170 An 80-20 nickel-chromium alloy with controlled additions of titanium and carbon.
(240) • Aircraft gas-turbine components needing resistance to oxidation and scaling
combined with medium strength at high temperature.

115 30 – Wrought Ni-Cr alloy strengthened by age-hardening. Creep-resistant alloy for service
(780) at temperatures to 1550°F (845°C). • Gas-turbine blades, rings and discs; die casting
inserts and cores; bolts, nuclear boiler tube supports; piston-engine exhaust valves.

110 30 346 Wrought Ni-Cr alloy strengthened by addition of Ti and Al. Age-hardened and creep-
(750) resistant alloy for service at temperatures to 1690°F (920°C). • Turbine blades and
discs, hot-working tools, and high-temperature springs.
66

GENERAL DATA

Corrosion Susceptibility of Metals

Most susceptible Magnesium and its alloys


to corrosive attack Zinc and its alloys
(less noble) Aluminium and its alloys
Cadmium
Mild steel
Cast iron
Stainless steel, 13% Cr, type 410 (active)
Lead-tin solder, 50/50
Stainless steel, 18/18 type 304 (active)
Stainless steel, 18/18/3% Mo, type 316 (active)
Lead
Tin
BRASSES
Gunmetals
Aluminium Bronzes
Copper
Copper-nickel alloys
Monel
Titanium and its alloys
Stainless steel, 18/8, type 304 (passive)
Stainless steel, 18/8/3 Mo, type 316 (passive)
Least susceptible Silver
to corrosive attack Gold
(more noble) Platinium

Conversion Factors

Inches x 25.4 = Millimetres Foot Pounds x 0.1382 = Kilogram Metres


Metres x 3.2808 = Feet Ounces x 28.3495 = Grams
Kilometres x 0.62137 = Miles 1 tonne per square inch x 15.44 = Mpa
Miles x 1.60934 = Kilometres 1 Mpa x 0.0648 = Tonnes per square inch
Pints x 0.5679 = Litres 1lb per square inch = 0.0068895 Mpa
Litres x 0.22 = Gallons KSI x 6.894 = Mpa
Gallons x 4.4561 = Litres 9.8 mpa = 1kg per mm2
Square Metres x 10.7639 = Square Feet N/mm2 = Mpa
Kilogrammes x 2.2046 = Pounds £ per Foot x 3.2808 = £ per Metre
Imperial Tons x 1.016 = Metric Tonnes 1 Ångstrom unit = 1/1000 of a micron
Kilograms Force x 9.80665 = Newtons 1 micron = 1/millionth of a metre
Pounds Force x 4.448222 = Newtons 1 micron = 1/1000 of a mm
Pounds per Foot x 1.4882 = Kilogrammes per Metre 1 thou = 25.4 microns
Kilograms Force x 0.9807 = Bar
Bar x 14.5038 = Pounds Force per Square Inch
Kilograms per Square Metre x 0.2048 = Pounds per Square Foot
Kilograms per Square Metre x 9.80665 = Newtons per Square Metre (Pascal)
67

GENERAL DATA

Imperial Wire and Sheet Metal Gauge

No. Imperial Standard (swg) No. Imperial Standard (swg) No. Imperial Standard (swg)
ins mm ins mm ins mm

0 0.324 8.23 10 0.128 3.25 20 0.036 0.914


1 0.300 7.62 11 0.116 2.95 21 0.032 0.813
2 0.276 7.01 12 0.104 2.64 22 0.028 0.711
3 0.252 6.40 13 0.092 2.34 23 0.024 0.610
4 0.232 5.89 14 0.080 2.03 24 0.0220 0.559
5 0.212 5.38 15 0.072 1.83 25 0.0200 0.508
6 0.192 4.48 16 0.064 1.63 26 0.0180 0.457
7 0.176 4.47 17 0.056 1.42 27 0.0164 0.417
8 0.160 4.06 18 0.048 1.22 28 0.0148 0.376
9 0.144 3.66 19 0.040 1.02

Formulae for Calculation


All weights shown in this publication are theoretical weights for guidance only. They are calculated using nominal
dimensions and scientifically recognised densities. The formulae used are shown below together with the densities of
the alloys. Please note that in practice, the actual weight can vary significantly from the theoretical weight due to
variations in manufacturing tolerances and compositions.

Form Dimensions Weight for Alloys


in mm of Density
p Kg/dm3

Round Diameter = d 0.00078540 d2p Kg/m


Hexagon Width across flats = f 0.00086603 f2p Kg/m
Square Side = a 0.00100 a2p Kg/m
Flat Width = w 0.00100 wtp Kg/m
Thickness = t
Angle/Tee Leg lengths = L1, I2 0.00100 (L1 + L2-t)tp Kg/m
Thickness = t
Channel Leg lengths = L1, I2 0.00100 (B + L1 + L2-2t)tp Kg/m
Base = B
Thickness = t
Plate/ Thickness = t tp Kg/m
Sheet Length = L 0.000001 Lwtp Kg/Sheet
Width = w
Strip Width = w 0.100 wtp Kg/100m
Thickness = t
Pipe/Tube Outside diameter = D 0.0031416 (D-t)tp, or
(Round) Inside diameter = d 0.0031416 (d+t)tp Kg/m
Wall thickness = t
Square/ Sides = a1, a2, 0.001 (2a1 + 2a2-4t)tp Kg/m
Rectangular Wall thickness = t
Tube
Wire Diameter = d 0.78540 d2p Kg/Km
68

GENERAL DATA

Typical
Young’s
Melting Thermal Electrical Proof Elongation Modulus
Metal Density Temp °C Conductivity Resistivity UTS Stress % GPa

Aluminium pure 2.7 660 201 2.65 105 85 4 68

Aluminium alloy 2.7 660 184 3.7 310 260 7 68 to 89

Brass CZ121 8.5 954 110 6.33 400 190 20 103 to 120

Copper C101 8.9 1083 385 1.67 360 280 15 128 to 131

Iron 7.8 1537 80 9.71 210 120 40 152 to 183

Lead 11.3 327 35 20.65 20 0 60 16 to 18

Nickel alloy 7.9 1327 12 132.0 990 800 5 180 to 234


(Nimonic 105)

Stainless Steel 7.9 1527 150 70 570 215 30 205 to 215


(18CR/8Ni)

Mild Steel 7.8 1427 63 12 690 350 20 196 to 211

Tin 7.3 232 65 12.8 25 20 60 44 to 53


69

GENERAL DATA

Chemical Elements
Aluminium – Al Iron – Fe Selenium – Se
Arsenic – As Lead – Pb Silicon – Si
Boron – B Lithium – Li Sulphur – S
Cadmium – Cd Manganese – Mn Tellurium – Te
Carbon – C Molybdenum – Mo Tin – Sn
Chromium – Cr Nickel – Ni Titanium – Ti
Cobalt – Co Niobium – Nb Zinc – Zn
Columbium – Cb* Nitrogen – N Zirconium – Zr
Copper – Cu Oxygen – O
Hydrogen – H Phosphorus – P * The American designation for Niobium

Densities Comparative Densities

Density Material Density


Kg/dm3 Factor

Aluminium 2.70 Stainless Steel 1.000


Stainless Steel Stainless Steel – Ferritic
– Ferritic/Martensitic 7.75 and Martensitic 0.977
– Austenitic 7.92 Mild and Carbon Steel 0.994
Copper 8.90 Low Alloy Steel 0.987
Brass 8.47 Aluminium 0.341
Bronze 8.89 Copper 1.134
INCOLOY Alloy 800 7.95 Brass 1.066
INCOLOY Alloy 800H 7.95 Aluminium Bronze 0.970
INCOLOY Alloy 825 8.14 Titanium 0.571
INCOLOY Alloy 903 8.14 Lead 1.440
INCOLOY Alloy DS 7.92
INCONEL Alloy 600 8.42
INCONEL Alloy 601 8.06
INCONEL Alloy 617 8.36
INCONEL Alloy 625 8.44
INCONEL Alloy 690 8.19
INCONEL Alloy 718 8.19
INCONEL Alloy X-750 8.25
MONEL Alloy 400 8.83
MONEL Alloy K-500 8.46
Nickel 200 8.89
Nickel 201 8.89
UNS 31803 7.80
17-4 PH 7.75
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