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Engine failure above


THR RED Altitude
TOGA or MCT ?
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Documentation regional seminars
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Fuel Efficiency Initiatives

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Performance Considerations?

Have you considered


Performance impact?

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Contents

EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC Altitude

Performance considerations

Consider TOGA thrust

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Contents

EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC Altitude

Performance considerations

Consider TOGA thrust

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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC ALT

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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC ALT

x
EO ACC ALT
 Regulatory constraints

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EO ACC ALT: Regulatory constraints


MAX EO ACC ALT limited by:
- 10 MIN TOGA x
- CLEAN
- Green Dot Speed

MIN EO ACC ALT limited by:


- 400 FT minimum height 10 MIN
- Obstacles
- A/L policy

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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC ALT

x
EO ACC ALT
 Regulatory constraints
 Chart / FlySmart

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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC ALT

All Engines
THR RED / ACC ALT
 Operational constraints

Obstacles ATC Noise Fuel


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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC ALT

x
All Engines EO ACC ALT
THR RED / ACC ALT  Regulatory constraints
 Operational constraints  Chart / FlySmart

Independent constraints
No link between EO ACC ALT and THR RED/ACC ALT

Tendency to decrease both


THR RED ALT and ACC ALT
Fuel Noise
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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC Altitude

Performance considerations

Consider TOGA thrust

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Performance Considerations

Altitude
(ft) x
2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000

ACC ALT This flight path ensures obstacle clearance


THR RED ALT
500

EF
0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at THR RED Altitude: MCT
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000 - “LVR MCT” flashes on the PFD


ACC ALT EF - Pilot sets MCT
THR RED ALT
500
- Aircraft climbs at constant speed V2+10 kt

0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at THR RED Altitude: MCT
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000

ACC ALT EF Obstacle clearance not ensured


THR RED ALT
500

0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations

Engine Failure at ACC Altitude: MCT


Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

- “LVR MCT” flashes on the PFD


1000
EF
- Pilot sets MCT
ACC ALT
- CLB mode remains engaged
THR RED ALT
500
- Aircraft climbs and accelerates to Green
Dot speed
0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at ACC Altitude: MCT
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000
EF
ACC ALT Obstacle clearance not ensured
THR RED ALT
500

0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations

Solutions?
• Increase THR RED / ACC altitudes above EO ACC altitude
 Not really fuel efficient

• Detailed performance study to ensure that setting MCT ensures obstacle clearance
 Significant workload using PEP-OFP module
 May lead to increase THR RED / ACC altitudes

• Alternative solution:
Set TOGA after engine failure

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EO ACC ALT vs. THR RED/ACC Altitude

Performance considerations

Consider TOGA thrust

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Consider TOGA Thrust

Can I set TOGA?


YES,
- TOGA always remains available
- FCOM states: “Consider the use of TOGA”

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at THR RED Altitude: TOGA
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000
- Pilot sets TOGA
ACC ALT EF
- SRS TO mode remains engaged
THR RED ALT
500

- Aircraft climbs at constant speed V2+10 kt

0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at THR RED Altitude: TOGA
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

1000

ACC ALT EF Above regulatory flight path


THR RED ALT
500  Obstacle clearance ensured

0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at ACC Altitude: TOGA
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

- “LVR MCT” flashes on the PFD


1000
EF - Pilot sets TOGA
- Pilot sets MCT
ACC ALT - SRS GA mode engages
- CLB mode remains engaged
THR RED ALT
500
- Aircraft climbs at constant speed
- Aircraft climbs and accelerates to Green
MAX (VAPP; Vcas) limited to VLS+15 kt
Dot speed
0
Distance (m)

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Performance Considerations
Engine Failure at ACC Altitude: TOGA
Altitude
(ft)

2000

EO ACC 1500
ALT

- “LVR MCT” flashes on the PFD


1000
EF
- Pilot sets MCT
ACC ALT Above regulatory flight path
- CLB mode remains engaged
THR RED ALT
500  Obstacle clearance ensured
- Aircraft climbs and accelerates to Green
Dot speed
0
Distance (m)

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Conclusion

Have you considered


Performance impact?

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Conclusion

Consider TOGA thrust

To apply fuel efficiency procedure


without any additional study

Performance considerations
- Engine Failure after THR RED not
covered by regulatory calculations
- With MCT, obstacle clearance might
not be ensured
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