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PV Elite and CodeCalc

Verification and Quality Assurance Manual


Version 2018 (20.0)
Friday, November 10, 2017
Copyright
Copyright © 1993-2017 Hexagon AB and/or its subsidiaries and affiliates. All rights reserved.
This computer program, including software, icons, graphic symbols, documentation, file formats, and audio-visual displays; may be
used only as pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Hexagon AB
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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was
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Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States.
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The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable
technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 2


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PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 3


Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 6

CADWorx & Analysis Solutions Quality Assurance ................................................................................ 7


Software Purpose.................................................................................................................................... 7
Disclaimer ............................................................................................................................................... 7
Intellectual Property Statement ............................................................................................................... 8
Management/Organization ...................................................................................................................... 8
PV Elite Development ............................................................................................................................. 8
User Documentation ............................................................................................................................... 8
Product Support ...................................................................................................................................... 9
Software Issue Tracking/Resolution ....................................................................................................... 9

Software Verification ................................................................................................................................. 10


Test Control........................................................................................................................................... 10
Beta Tests ............................................................................................................................................. 11
Additional Manual Checks for Staff and Beta Users ............................................................................. 12
PV Elite Test Jobs ................................................................................................................................. 16
Corrective Action Standard ................................................................................................................... 17
Post-Development Procedures ............................................................................................................. 17
Distribution Control ............................................................................................................................... 18
Pre-Shipping Procedures ...................................................................................................................... 18
CodeCalc QA Checks ........................................................................................................................... 19
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 19
Shell and Head Checks .................................................................................................................. 20
Nozzle Checks................................................................................................................................ 22
Flange Checks................................................................................................................................ 24
Cone Checks .................................................................................................................................. 27
Floating Heads Checks .................................................................................................................. 28
Horizontal Vessel Checks .............................................................................................................. 31
Leg and Lug .................................................................................................................................... 31
TEMA Tubesheets Checks ............................................................................................................. 33
WRC 107 Checks ........................................................................................................................... 34
Pipe and Pad Checks ..................................................................................................................... 35
Base Ring Checks .......................................................................................................................... 35
Half-Pipe Check .............................................................................................................................. 36
Large Opening Checks ................................................................................................................... 37
Rectangular Vessel Checks ........................................................................................................... 38
PV Elite Sample Benchmark Problem Sets .......................................................................................... 41
Problem 1 - Natural Frequency Calculation ................................................................................... 41
Problem 2 - Example of Stiffening Ring Calculation ...................................................................... 45
Problem 3 - Nozzle Reinforcement, Weld Strength, Weld Size ..................................................... 48
Problem 4 - Vessel under Internal and External Pressure on Legs ............................................... 60
Problem 5 - Vertical Vessel with Wind and Seismic Loads ............................................................ 70
Problem 6 - Comparison against CAESAR II ................................................................................. 79
Problem 7a - ASME Section VIII Division 1 Sample Comparisons ................................................ 82

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 4


Contents

Problem 7b - ASME Section VIII Division 2 Sample Comparisons ................................................ 87


Problem 8 - EN-13445 Nozzle Reinforcement ............................................................................... 96

Index ......................................................................................................................................................... 102

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 5


SECTION 1

Introduction
The PV Elite®/CodeCalc® Verification and Quality Assurance Manual provides a standard set of
PV Elite/CodeCalc jobs that are used in verifying both the operation of the software and the
accuracy of the result for each release of the PV Elite/CodeCalc package. The examples
presented in this manual are a representative cross-section of the jobs run by Intergraph CAS.
The jobs selected for this manual compare the PV Elite/CodeCalc output with results published
in industry journals and with results from other software products. The PV Elite/CodeCalc output
is (also) verified with hand and/or MathCad™ calculations.
The component-analysis part of PV Elite, when sold separately, is called CodeCalc.
CodeCalc-specific results can be found in the Software Verification section of this manual. In all
other sections, the software is referred to simply as PV Elite.
This manual consists of two major sections: Intergraph CAS Quality Assurance and Software
Verification.
 Intergraph CAS Quality Assurance describes the quality assurance procedures employed by
Intergraph CAS to ensure that PV Elite is producing correct results.
 Software Verification explains a series of benchmark jobs that you can use to confirm
software accuracy. These jobs compare PV Elite output to published results, to output from
similar software, or to hand calculations. For each job in this section, a brief description of
the job and any special considerations are discussed. Following the discussion is a graphical
representation of the system with selected result comparisons. Because of the volume of
output, important results like required thickness, maximum allowable working pressure
(MAWP), and stress are listed in tables. Users interested in the entire output can re-analyze
the jobs as necessary.
The PV Elite development team is constantly testing and adding new test jobs to the QA
benchmark problem set. Currently, there are more than 250 test jobs run which test thousands
of different calculations. It is impractical to include all of these tests in this manual. As new
Quality Assurance procedures are published, they will be incorporated into the QA methods
employed by Intergraph CAS. Users with questions, comments, or suggestions are encouraged
to contact Intergraph CAS to discuss future revisions to this document. User requests for new
features are always welcome. By working with the user, the PV Elite development staff will
continue to develop a product that best meets the demands of pressure-vessel design and
analysis users.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 6


SECTION 2

CADWorx & Analysis Solutions Quality


Assurance
Software quality assurance is generally a speculative pursuit because, no matter how much
testing is performed, the next test may reveal an error in the software. The goal of any quality
assurance standard is to perform enough testing to achieve such a level of confidence in the
software that errors are rare and unlikely. With this objective in mind, several organizations have
published guidelines for use in software quality assurance.

In This Section
Software Purpose .......................................................................... 7
Disclaimer ...................................................................................... 7
Intellectual Property Statement...................................................... 8
Management/Organization ............................................................ 8
PV Elite Development .................................................................... 8
User Documentation ...................................................................... 8
Product Support ............................................................................. 9
Software Issue Tracking/Resolution .............................................. 9

Software Purpose
PV Elite is a package of twenty applications that work together to design and analyze pressure
vessels and heat exchangers. The purpose of the software is to provide the mechanical
engineer with easy-to-use, technically sound, well-documented calculations that will expedite
and simplify vessel-design and re-rating tasks. The software also provides recent,
industry-accepted analyses of the designs.
Calculations in PV Elite are based on the latest editions of national codes such as the ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, or other relevant industry standards that are not covered
directly by ASME VIII-1, VIII-2 or other codes.

Disclaimer
The PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual is intended to
demonstrate Intergraph CAS quality assurance procedures. ASME inspections do not require
the tests and material discussed in this manual. Intergraph CAS is not responsible for qualifying
or validating user designs and calculations. Calculations are the responsibility of the
Manufacturer as discussed in ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 U-2(b). For additional information, refer
to ASME Section VIII, Div. 1 UG-90(b), UG-90(c), 10-5 and 10-15.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 7


CADWorx & Analysis Solutions Quality Assurance

Intellectual Property Statement


This manual and its contents should be considered proprietary. This material should not be
copied or distributed to other parties without the expressed written consent of CADWorx &
Analysis Solutions.

Management/Organization
At CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, the Chief Technology Officer/Architect, Product Owner,
Product Development Manager, and Quality Assurance Manager oversee the development and
testing of the software product. Software development team members include: engineers,
software developers, and a technical writer. All members of the development team support
customers and test the software prior to each release. Specialized technical support
representatives work closely with the development team. In addition, an on-staff, certified
Nuclear Quality Assurance (NQA) lead auditor oversees the quality assurance program followed
by the team.

PV Elite Development
CADWorx & Analysis Solutions is wholly responsible for all software made available to the
public that bears the Intergraph label on the distribution media.
Changes to PV Elite are made by or with the consent of the Product Manager. Additional
members of the software team include engineers, who interact at the same level and
communicate directly with the product manager. Therefore, all software issues can be brought to
the attention of the Product Manager quickly and easily.
Software engineers each bring a different kind of expertise to the team and write routines for
specialized functions in the software. For example, the source code to perform structural steel
checks may be written by an engineer at CADWorx & Analysis Solutions whose educational
background permits him to do this efficiently.
All members of the development staff provide customer support for PV Elite, directly or
indirectly. One member of the team is tasked with quality assurance procedures for each
release.

User Documentation
The PV Elite user has online access to documentation spanning all facets of the software,
including all of the ancillary processors and interfaces. The standard PV Elite documentation set
consists of the following documents:
 PV Elite User's Guide
 CodeCalc User's Guide
 Quick Start Guide
These documents can be accessed from the Help tab in PV Elite. The PV Elite documentation
accompanies each new version of the program and is supplied in both PDF and CHM (online
help) formats.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 8


CADWorx & Analysis Solutions Quality Assurance

Contact information for Intergraph CAS is included in these documents, as well as displayed in
the help system, and in a variety of other locations in the software. We encourage users
experiencing problems or confusion with the software to reference the documentation first, and
then contact us for further resolution and suggestions.

Product Support
CADWorx & Analysis Solutions welcomes input/suggestions from our users. Users having
problems with our software may freely contact CADWorx & Analysis Solutions through our
customer support system, which is found on our company website.
Our Technical Support staff may ask users with a numerical/computational issue in PV Elite to
submit the job to CADWorx & Analysis Solutions. This allows our support staff to identify the
problem and locate the cause, and then contact the user for resolution.

Software Issue Tracking/Resolution


PV Elite supports standard practices for tracking released software issues, including:
 Incorporating user feedback directly back into the development process.
 Notifying users regarding hot fix or service pack updates issued throughout development
 Following software release criteria based on issue review and prioritization.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 9


SECTION 3

Software Verification
This section describes the test methods through which PV Elite software team performs Quality
Assurance testing on PV Elite. In addition, the section describes test methods that you can
implement to validate your PV Elite program data against industry-standard benchmarks.

In This Section
Test Control ................................................................................... 10
Beta Tests ...................................................................................... 11
Additional Manual Checks for Staff and Beta Users ..................... 12
PV Elite Test Jobs ......................................................................... 16
Corrective Action Standard ............................................................ 17
Post-Development Procedures ...................................................... 17
Distribution Control ........................................................................ 18
Pre-Shipping Procedures ............................................................... 18
CodeCalc QA Checks .................................................................... 19
PV Elite Sample Benchmark Problem Sets ................................... 41

Test Control
Currently in the United States there is no organization that formally establishes the credibility of
pressure-vessel analysis software. Therefore, software suppliers take on this responsibility.
Generally, there are two ways to establish that any software product is performing correctly:
 Comparing product results to hand calculations.
 Comparing results to previously verified results from an external source.
If these methods compare favorably to software-generated results, then the software is
assumed to be performing as expected. If the results do not compare favorably, the PV Elite
development team identifies the differences and corrects the problem.

Testing Process
Before a new version of PV Elite is released, the development personnel perform alpha-level
testing. This involves checking the Fortran/C++ or assembler code and running of basic test
problems designed to test the functionality of the feature addition, error and abort conditions,
and so forth. Next, the development staff generates a series of alpha jobs that:
 Test new features against existing software.
 Run tests against industry standard programs, such as Compress™ and BJAC™ teams.
 Suggest to customers that they independently compare the results of PV Elite against their
own in-house program or spreadsheets.
 Test new features against hand calculations.
 Test new features against published literature, such as the ASME VIII-1, PTB-3, and other
codes.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 10


Software Verification

 Test the interaction between new features and features already existing in the software.
After these selected alpha jobs are run and verified to the satisfaction of the lead developer,
beta series testing begins.
The new job results are compared to the previously verified results. Program errors that have
been identified are remedied and/or justified.
To summarize, at Intergraph CAS, we believe that thoroughly checking software results by hand
and comparing these results to those of other software and to benchmarks assures a quality
product. This method has worked very well in the past and we will check new versions using this
same methodology.

Beta Tests
Often before releasing the PV Elite software, we distribute the alpha-tested software to users to
perform beta testing. At the end of the test period, we ask that beta users send evaluations to
us, so that we can process the information, resolve any issues found, and archive feedback.
The following are the beta test files for the CodeCalc module available from within PV Elite.
Intergraph CAS ships some of these files with the PV Elite software.

Beta Test Files

api579.cc2 Appy.cc2

ASME_Tubesheet.cc2 Checks.cc2

External CA test.cc2 Extra_qa.cc2

Fexample.cc2 Head_Nozzle.cc2

horiztest.cc2 jacket.cc2

Largop_ASME.cc2 Lg_nozzl.cc2

Local Stress Analysis.cc2 lugs.cc2

Mm_wrc.cc2 Nozzle Example to


Coade.cc2

Nozzle_mawp_testjob.cc2 PTB-4.cc2

Rctexmpl.cc2 Shell.cc2

test.cc2 Vesexmpl.cc2

WRC107.cc2

The following section discusses manual checks that users can perform additional verification of
the software.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 11


Software Verification

Additional Manual Checks for Staff and Beta Users


The tables below display a list of items that should be verified for each release of PV Elite.
Different individuals should check each item multiple times.

Installation Checklist
Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Program Installation

B. File Extraction

C. File CRC Check

Database Access Checklist


Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Structural Steel - AISC89.BIN

B. ASME Materials *

1. Check some material properties


(selected randomly) with ASME
Code

2. Check yield stress vs.


temperature table.

* Specify different material ID in the input, and check the allowable stresses, density, TEMA
number, and external pressure chart.

Units Checklist
Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Creation of input files

B. Verify change of units

Check each input field of the following modules to verify that the help facilities function properly.

Help Checklist
Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Check Modules

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 12


Software Verification

Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

1. Shells and Heads

2. Nozzles

3. Flange

4. Conical Sections

5. Floating head

6. Horizontal Vessels

7. ASME Tubesheets

8. Tubesheets

9. WRC107/FEA

10. Leg and Lug

11. Pipe and Pad

12. Base Rings

13. Thin Bellows Exp. Joints

14. Thick Joints

15. Half-Pipe

16. Large Openings

17. Rectangular Vessels

18. WRC 297/Annex G

19. Appendix Y

B. Check HELP Index.

C. Search on a topic.

D. Print a HELP topic.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 13


Software Verification

New Input Generation/General Operation Checklist


Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Check each module with a random example.

1. Shells and Heads

2. Nozzles

3. Flange

4. Conical Sections

5. Floating head

6. Horizontal Vessel

7. ASME Tubesheets

8. TEMA Tubesheets

9. WRC 107

10. Leg and Lug

11. Pipe and Pad

12. Base Rings

13. Thin Joints

14. Thick Joints

15. Half Pipes

16. Large Openings

17. Rectangular Vessels

18. WRC 297

19. Appendix Y

B. Graphics

1. Onscreen

2. Printed

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 14


Software Verification

Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

C. Window operation

1. Merge operation

2. Insert/Delete an item

3. Add an item

4. Browse items

Output Review Checklist


Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Review output data in

1. Terminal

2. Printer

3. Disk file

B. Output Processor

1. Results on screen

2. Print the selected chapters

Operating Environments Checklist


Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. Dealer Version

B. Windows

C. Network

1. PV Elite and data on network

2. PV Elite on network, data local

3. PV Elite local, data on network

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 15


Software Verification

Vessel Code Checklist


Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

ASME Section VIII, Div. 1

ASME Section VIII, Div. 2

PD-5500

EN - 13445

Miscellaneous Checklist
Items to Check Initials Initials Comments

A. ESL/SPLM (a)

B. Mouse Operations

C. Material Database Editor

1. Editing materials

2. Adding materials

(a) Insures program does not run without the ESL.

PV Elite Test Jobs


The PV Elite QA benchmark problem set consists of over 250 different analysis jobs. Each of
these jobs is run prior to release time and compared with the results from previous versions. A
wide variety of jobs are checked, which includes tests of all wind and seismic codes, checks of
baserings, weights, stresses, liquid pressures, MAWP, weights, volumes, required thickness and
many others. By analyzing these jobs, the quality of the software is kept very high and
consistent. Again, these are just a few sample problems run every time we test the software.
Many of the jobs contained in this manual are listed in the table below.

Quality Assurance Test Form


Job Name Perform Analysis Analysis Date

104EX4

11436

ANDY1

APP1_7

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 16


Software Verification

Job Name Perform Analysis Analysis Date

APP1_7_2

APP1_7_3

APPLCHK

AS_450V2

BEDN237

+500 more jobs

Corrective Action Standard


PV Elite users have many channels through which they can reach the Intergraph CAS
development staff. The main way to contact us is through the SmartSupport system. When a
problem or error is detected, the development staff reviews the problem and takes corrective
action. When a user problem is verified to be a defect, a TR (trouble report) is filled out using
internal Intergraph software. After the TR is completed, the problem is fixed, and the user is
notified by email through the SmartSupport system. Updated PV Elite files are made available in
a product Hot Fix or Service Pack, which can be downloaded from the SmartSupport website. In
many cases, software issues have workarounds. The Intergraph CAS technical support staff
notifies users of workarounds whenever possible.

Post-Development Procedures
After a new version of the software has been developed, CADWorx & Analysis Solutions uses
the following quality assurance procedures to ensure that the new CDs are correct in content,
contain the proper ESL protection schemes, and can be reproduced properly.
1. Scan the development machine for virus infection before producing any distribution set. Use
the latest version of Trend Micro Office Scan virus-scanning software.
2. Assemble in a "clean" folder all of the files that comprise the installation set. This includes
.EXE files, database files, and example files.
3. Run the CRCCHK program to build the CRC verification file.
4. Generate an installation program using Install Shield. After the DVD is made, test it
according to the Distribution Control procedures outlined below.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 17


Software Verification

Distribution Control
To control the distribution and integrity of the program DVDs before sending them out for mass
production, CADWorx & Analysis Solutions adheres to the following procedures:
1. After the quality assurance procedures have been completed, use the lead developer's
computer to make a production copy of PV Elite.
2. Modify the installation program to load any new executables that may be released with the
new version.
3. Load PV Elite onto at least one PC in the production department to check the installation
program and DVD integrity.
4. Use Office Scan virus-scanning software to scan each original, all disk drives, and memory
for known viruses.
5. Using the appropriate ESL, install and test the masters on another computer. All EXE files
accessing the ESL must be tested.
6. Install the masters on a production computer for further use. ESL-specific files should be
copied into the appropriate subdirectories for organizational purposes.
7. Send the masters to the DVD duplicator.
8. Install the software from the DVD onto each of the PCs in the engineering and development
groups at Intergraph CAS.
9. Load the required set of PV Elite executables onto at least one computer in the production
department.
10. Using the DVD and installation checklists, perform periodic testing of the software as
necessary.
The following section provides the tasks that must be performed by the development and
production personnel to verify the quality of disk sets before shipment.

Pre-Shipping Procedures
The following procedures help to ensure that the disk sets shipped by CADWorx & Analysis
Solutions contain the correct product, are not infected with a virus, and are void of imperfections.
1. When DVDs are received from the duplicator, install and test a random selection from the
batch. These final tests will ensure that the DVDs were correctly assembled by the
duplicator, that they are not flawed, and that the ESL interaction routines are in order.
The tests are software-specific and are detailed elsewhere in this manual. None
of these tests should use the environment support available from the programs. Run the
tests from the installation folder. Ensure that the installation folder is empty before beginning
this procedure.
2. Archive a set of DVDs from the first duplication for future use and referral.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 18


SECTION 4

CodeCalc QA Checks
In This Section
Introduction .................................................................................... 19
Shell and Head Checks ................................................................. 20
Nozzle Checks ............................................................................... 22
Flange Checks ............................................................................... 24
Cone Checks ................................................................................. 27
Floating Heads Checks .................................................................. 28
Horizontal Vessel Checks .............................................................. 31
Leg and Lug ................................................................................... 31
TEMA Tubesheets Checks ............................................................ 33
WRC 107 Checks .......................................................................... 34
Pipe and Pad Checks .................................................................... 35
Base Ring Checks ......................................................................... 35
Half-Pipe Check ............................................................................. 36
Large Opening Checks .................................................................. 37
Rectangular Vessel Checks ........................................................... 38

Introduction
This section provides the results of QA tests for CodeCalc, which is also the
component-analysis part of PV Elite. For simplicity, this part of PV Elite will be referred to as
CodeCalc in this chapter. The following CodeCalc modules have been subjected to Intergraph
CAS quality assurance procedures.
 Shell/Head
 Nozzle
 Flange
 Cone
 Floating Head
 Horizontal Vessel
 Leg and Lug
 ASME Tubesheets
 TEMA Tubesheets
 WRC 107/537
 WRC 297
 Pipe and Pad
 Base Ring
 Thin Joint
 Thick Joint

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 Half-Pipe
 Large Opening
 Rectangular Vessel
 Appendix Y Flange
 HEI Nozzle

Shell and Head Checks


As a part of its quality assurance procedures, Intergraph CAS completed the following shell and
head checks on CodeCalc:
ASME Appendix 1-4, 2 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP 1, 1-4, 2) -
Ellipsoidal head under internal pressure.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

MAWP, psi 338.87 339

ASME Appendix 1-4, D (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP 1, 1-4, D)
-Torispherical head under internal pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Req. thickness, in. 0.4488 0.45

ASME Appendix 1-4, D2 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP 1, 1-4, D2)
-Torispherical head under internal pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

MAWP, psi 167.16 167

ASME Appendix L-6.1 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP L, L-6.1) - Ellipsoidal
head under external pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

A 0.0004623 0.000462

B 5662.91* 5100

EMAWP, psi 20.9427* 18.9

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ASME Appendix L-6.2 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP L, L-6.2)
-Torispherical head under external pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

A 0.0004157 0.00042

B 5092.85* 4700

EMAWP, psi 16.9385* 15.6

ASME Appendix L-6.3 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-6.3) -Hemispherical head under
external pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

A 0.0004623 0.00046

B 5662.91* 5200

EMAWP, psi 20.9427* 19.23

ASME Appendix L-6.4 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-6.4) - Conical head under external
pressure

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Design Len. 102.30 102.30

A 0.0005912 0.0006

B 7004.29 6900

EMAWP, psi 38.1777 37.5

ASME Appendix L-9.2.1 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-9.1, 2) - Minimum design metal
temperature (MDMT) of a cylinder

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Unadjusted MDMT, °F 31 31

Adjusted MDMT, °F 12 12

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ASME Appendix. L-5 (CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-5): Selection of a circumferential


stiffening ring for a cylinder under external pressure. A bar type 2 in. x 3.75 in. stiffening ring
selected.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Moment of Inertia, in. 4 16.541 16.57

Required Moment of 16.1933 16.25


Inertia, in. 4

Weld load 643.78 644

Weld Allowable load 1828.75 1830

Minimum Weld Thickness 0.25 0.25

* As of this printing the ASME Appendix L6.1, 6.2, 6.3 appear to be in error in determining the B
value from the External Pressure chart CS-2 for SA-285C, with E = 24.5 x 106 psi. When points
lie in the linear portion of the chart CS-2 (as in cases 4, 5, 60, CodeCalc uses the formula B =
A*E/2.

Nozzle Checks
Nozzle checks involve the area of reinforcement and failure path calculations. Intergraph CAS
performed the following nozzle checks using CodeCalc:
ASME Appendix L-7.3b (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-7.3B): Insert-type Nozzle lying on
a longitudinal weld of a cylindrical shell. A 19-in. Diameter and 0.5-in. thick reinforcement pad is
selected.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Req. Thk. Shell, in. 0.5300 0.530

Req. Thk. Noz, in. 0.0893 0.0893

Reinforcement Area Req., in.2 6.228 6.23

Total Area available, in.2 6.267 6.27

Total weld load, W, lb. 72539.16 72600

Weld load for path 1-1, W 1-1, lb. 71556.86 71600

Weld load for path 2-2, W 2-2, lb. 34856.25 34900

Weld load for path 3-3, W 3-3, lb. 82280.86 82300

Strength of failure path 1-1, lb. 203289 203000

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Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Strength of failure path 2-2, lb. 229116 229000

Strength of failure path 3-3, lb. 250441 250000

ASME Appendix L-7.4 (CodeCalc Job Checks.cc2/APP L, L-7.4): Abutting-type Nozzle on a


cylindrical shell. A 26-in. Diameter and 2.75-in. (average value) thick reinforcement pad is
selected.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Req. Thk. Shell, in. 1.8593 1.83

Req. Thk. Noz, in. 0.3542 0.292

Reinforcement Area Req., in.2 29.554 29.6

Total Area available, in.2 33.647 33.7

Total weld load, W, lb. 317668.19 318000

Weld load for path 1-1, W 1-1, lb. 364331.03 364000

Strength of failure path 1-1, lb. 319507 318000

ASME Appendix L-7.6 (CodeCalc Job Checks.cc2/APP L, L-7.6): Insert-type Nozzle without pad
on a 2:1 ellipsoidal head.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Req. Thk. Head, in. 0.0912 0.091

Req. Thk. Noz, in. 0.0512 0.051

Reinforcement Area Req., in.2 0.755 0.754

Total Area available, in.2 1.146 1.15

Total weld load, W, lb. 302.43* 250

Weld load for path 1-1, W 1-1, lb. 2992.86 2990

Weld load for path 2-2, W 2-2, lb. 7690.86 7690

Strength of failure path 1-1, lb. 47542 47500

Strength of failure path 2-2, lb. 39831 39800

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*The differences in dimensions, of the order of 1E-3, are magnified after being multiplied by the
allowable stress.
ASME Appendix L-7.7 (CodeCalc Job Checks.cc2/APP L, L-7.71): Abutting-type Hillside Nozzle
on a cylindrical shell.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Req. Thk. Shell, in. 1.1364 1.14

Req. Thk. Noz, in. 0.1389 0.139

Area Req. in circumferential dir., 3.720 3.68


in.2

Area available in circumferential 7.486 7.16


dir., in.2

Area Req. in longitudinal dir., in.2 4.545 4.56

Area available in longitudinal dir., 2.607 2.59


in.2

The area available in the longitudinal direction is insufficient. The new area values after
increasing the nozzle thickness from 0.5 in. to 0.875 in.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Area Req. in longitudinal dir., in.2 4.545 4.56

Area available in longitudinal dir., 5.198 5.18


in.2

Minimum Weld throat., in.2 0.25 0.25

Actual Weld throat., in.2 0.3535 0.35

Flange Checks
Intergraph CAS completed the following flange checks on CodeCalc:
Taylor Forge, Bulletin 502 (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/TAYLOR FORGE) - Integral weld neck
flange.

Parameters CodeCalc Taylor Forge

Gasket Reaction Diameter, G, in. 33.888 33.88

Operating Bolt Load W M1, lb. 432484.688 432484

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Parameters CodeCalc Taylor Forge

Gasket Seating Force, HG lb. 71713.25 71713

End Pressure, MD, in.lb. 623292 623292

Face Pressure, MT, in.lb. 79242 79242

Gasket Load, MG, in.lb. 111599 111599

Total Moment, Mo, in.lb. 814134 814133

Longitudinal Hub Stress, psi 22865.0 22865

Radial Flange Stress, psi 10981.8 10982

Tangential Stress Flange, psi 6799.5 6800

Seating Bolt Load, W M2 , lb. 120608.656 120609

Flange Design Bolt Load, W, lb. 464192.34 464192

Total Moment, MG, in. lb. * 722370 722371

Longitudinal Hub Stress, psi 20287.8 20288

Radial Flange Stress, psi 9744.0 9744

Tangential Stress Flange, psi 6033.1 6033

*Total Moment is MG in the Taylor Forge bulletin 502 and MA in CodeCalc output.
Taylor Forge, Bulletin 502 (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/ FULL FACE SLIP)- Loose, Slip on
Flange with a full face gasket.

Parameters CodeCalc Taylor Forge

Dist. to Gasket Load Reaction hg, in. 1.328 1.325

Gasket Reaction Diameter, G, in. 26.844 26.85

Full Face ID Pressure Load, H’GY, lb. 48614.719 48555

Operating Bolt Load, WM1, lb. 96302.469 96286

Gasket Seating Force, HG, lb. 68003.62 67994

End Pressure, MD, in.lb. 93305 93305

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Parameters CodeCalc Taylor Forge

Face Pressure, MT, in. lb. 17369 17390

Total Moment, MO, in.lb. 110674 110695

Longitudinal Hub Stress, psi 1951.8 1995

Radial Flange Stress, psi 5141.6 5236

Tangential Flange Stress, psi 13470.2 13176

Bolt Circle Stress, psi 2585.7 2679

Seating Bolt Load, WM2, lb. 71806.477 23196

Flange Design Bolt Load, W, lb. 110451.23 110460

Reverse Moment MG, in.lb. * 29160 29101

*Reverse Moment is MG in Taylor Forge bulletin 502 and MR in CodeCalc output. See "Notes"
below.

a. The value of hg, in the Taylor Forge Bulletin is off by 0.0029, using

With C = 29.5 in. and B =24 in. this comes out to be 1.3279 and not 1.325. This error is
magnified resulting in error in the calculations of G, W M1, W, HG, MT, MO, MG, and H’GY.
b. The value of W M2 computed in the Taylor Forge Bulletin is incorrect,

Where b = 1.375, y = 200


Gives W M2 = 71806.5
An example taken from Process Equipment Design by Brownell and Young. (P-243) (CodeCalc
Job: Checks.cc2/BROWNELL&YOUNG)- Loose-ring type flange.
*Total Flange Moment is MA in Brownell & Young and RMA in CodeCalc output.

Brownell &
Parameters CodeCalc Young

Gasket Reaction Diameter, G, in. 33.250 33.25

Operating Bolt Load, W M1, lb. 151790.484 152100

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Brownell &
Parameters CodeCalc Young

Gasket Seating Force, HG, lb. 21544.46 21600

End Pressure, MD, in.lb. 198127 226000

Face Pressure, MT, in.lb. 20224 25200

Gasket Load, MG, in.lb. 13465 18900

Total Moment, MO, in.lb. 231816 270100

Seating Bolt Load, W M2, lb. 96623.617 93600

Flange Design Bolt Load, W, lb. 172855.23 160500

Total Moment MG, in.lb.* 1806035 140500

Cone Checks
Cone checks involve area-of-reinforcement and moment-of-inertia requirements. Intergraph
CAS performed the following cone checks using CodeCalc:
ASME Appendix L-2.3 (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/ASME VIII-1 2017, APP L, L-2.3): - A
cone-to-cylinder transition under internal pressure.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Large end Line Force, QL, lb. 2749.608 2750

Reinforcement Area Req., Arl, in.2 4.5357 4.54

Total Area available , Ael, in.2 0.4990 0.500

Small end Line Force, QA, lb. 1312.383 1312.5

Reinforcement Area Req., Ars, in.2 2.2146 2.22

Total Area available, Aes, in.2 0.7799 0.78

ASME Appendix L-3.3 (CodeCalc File: Checks.cc2/APP L, L-3.3): A cone-to-cylinder transition


under external pressure.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Large end Line Force, QL, lb. 2779.6960 2781

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Reinforcement Area Req., Arl, in.2 12.6509 12.7

Total Area available, Ael, in.2 23.5682 28.9

Small end Line Force, QS, lb. 697.3354 696.9

Reinforcement Area Req., Ars, in.2 0.7046 0.71

Area available in Shell, Aes, in.2* 2.5022 2.05*

Area available in Pad, in.2 2.6250 2.63

Total Area available, Aes, in.2 5.8318 4.68

The small end available area from the shell does not match as a result of different values of tr,
the minimum required thickness of cone at small end. CodeCalc calculates this value iteratively
so that the cone can withstand the design pressure.
With, E = 25.125 * 106 psi, A = 4.453 * 10-6, B = 5595.042, D/T = 149.191
CodeCalc computes a tr of 0.392 in., resulting in a MAWP of

which matches the design pressure of 50 psi. The ASME example uses a tr = 0.55 in., which
seems incorrect.

Floating Heads Checks


Intergraph CAS completed the following floating heads checks on CodeCalc:
Tested against Exxon’s in-house design program PEAs- A Type D floating head under both
external and internal pressure. (CodeCalc job: Extra_Qa.cc2/TYPE D)

Tubeside Internal Pressure Results:


Parameters CodeCalc PEAs

Operating Head Req. Thickness, in. 0.3601 0.360

Flange Req. Thickness, in. 3.2956 3.296

Operating Bolt Load, W M1, lb. 302398.0 302398

Gasket Seating Force, HG, lb. 44348.5 44348.4

Flo. Head Moment, Mh, in.lb. -136806 -136739.5

Total Moment, Internal, MO, in.lb. 127594.312 127660.90

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Parameters CodeCalc PEAs

Seating Flange Req. Thickness, Internal 3.4527 3.453


Bolt-Up, in.

Flange Design Bolt Load, W, lb. 335559.0 335559.0

Total Moment, Internal MG, in.lb.* 235939.938 235939.92

Shellside External Pressure Results:


Parameters CodeCalc PEAs

Operating Head Req. Thickness, in. 0.6158 0.609

Flange Req. Thickness, in. 4.0155 4.015

Operating Bolt Load, W M1, lb 302398.0 302398

Gasket Seating Force, HG, lb 430082.6 430082.59

Flo. Head Moment, Mh, in.lb -228010 -227899.17

Total Moment, MO, in.lb 141715.531 141604.46

Seating Flange Req. Thickness, in. 3.4527 3.453

Flange Design Bolt Load, W, lb 335559.0 335559.0

Total Moment MG, in.lb** 235939.938 235939.92

The results below are for Soehrens Calculations for Stresses in Spherical Heads and Flanges.
The following table displays the Nomenclature and Equation Numbers per ASME Paper
57-A-247.

CodeCalc CodeCalc PEA


Parameters Tubeside Int. Parameter Shellside Ext. Shellside Ext.

Ttl Stress at Head 6611.2 6611.218 21175.1 21175.1


OD, psi Eqn. 30

Ttl Stress at Head 1202.5 1202.488 -33058.6 -33058.6


ID, psi Eqn. 31

Ttl Flange Stress, 746.6 746.647 5081.8 5081.8


Upper psi Eqn. 35

Ttl Flange Stress, -7432.6 -7432.58 -3803.6 -3803.6


Lower psi Eqn. 36

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Horizontal Vessel Checks


Intergraph CAS completed the following horizontal vessel checks on CodeCalc:
ASME APP L, L-2.2 (CodeCalc job Checks.cc2/ASME PG 530): Insert-type Nozzle lying on a
longitudinal weld of a cylindrical shell. A 19-in. diameter and 0.5-in. thick reinforcement pad
selected.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Factor K.2 * 0.7906 0.7904

Total weight of the vessel, full, lb. 345837.94 350000

Longitudinal Compressive Shell 9440.10 9446


allowable, psi

The factor k.2 is an important factor used by CodeCalc to compute the stresses using Zick
analysis. ASME has used a different method to find the required thickness. Moreover, ASME
does not compute shear stresses at the saddles in this example.

Leg and Lug


Intergraph CAS completed the following leg and lug checks on CodeCalc:
Design of legs for a vertical vessel under internal pressure and wind loading, verified by hand
calculations (CodeCalc job: ExtraQa.cc2/Hand Check Legs). Angle legs attached in the diagonal
orientation (both legs attached to the vessel).
Wind velocity is 100 miles/hr.
Importance factor = 1
Force coefficient = 1
Exposure category = C

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Check

Wind Pressure, psf 28.038 28.88

Total Wind Force, lb. 1345.848 1376.7

Shear at Top of Leg, lb. 530.53 542.02

Total Overturning Moment at Top of 3364.6 3441.85


Legs, ft-lb.

Axial Compression on Leg 910.71 915.76


Furthest from Neutral Axis, psi

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Unity Check on the Legs:


Parameters CodeCalc Hand Check

Actual Allowable Actual Allowable

Weak Axis Bending Stress, 16384.77 24753.96 16723.5 24227


psi

Strong Axis Bending Stress, 11613.22 24753.96 11869 24227


psi

Axial Compressive Stress, psi 910.71 16309.17 915.7 16068

Unity Check Ratio 1.187 1.237

Design of a support lug for a vertical vessel. Taken from the Pressure Vessel Design Handbook
by Bednar, 2nd edition (page 154) example 5.1 (CodeCalc job: Lugs.cc2/BEDNAR EX. 5.1).

Parameters CodeCalc BEDNAR

Force on One Lug, F, lb. 41,000.64 41,000

Bending Stress in the Base Plate , 13,814.78 18,700


psi

Gusset Plate Allowable 9,785.29 9,885


Compressive Stress, SgaB, psi

The bending stress in the base plate s which, is Spl2 in the CodeCalc printouts is calculated as,

This expression is for stress on a rectangular plate under uniform pressure p, with three edges
fixed and one edge free. (Formulas for Stress and Strain, Roark and Young, 5th edition page
396.)
With,

Where,
a = 15 in.,
b = 12 in.,
t = 1.125 in.

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The factor  is taken from a table in Roark and Young for a known of a/b, which in this case is
1.25. The correct value of  after interpolating is 0.524, which gives σ a value of 13580.22 psi.
While Bednar took the next higher value of  as 0.72, this results in a different value of σ.
This example is for the design of a support lug with Full Ring-Girder type reinforcement ring.
Taken from the Pressure Vessel Design Handbook by Bednar, 2 nd edition (page 158) example
5.2 (CodeCalc job: Lugs.cc2/BEDNAR EX. 5.2).

Parameters CodeCalc Bednar

Force on one lug (compression side), 5000.00 5000


Flug, lb.

Force acting in the plane of ring, P, lb. 2500.00 2500

Ring load pt Bending moment, M1, lb.in. 29841.55 29900

Tangential thrust, T1, lb. 0.00 0.0

Ring mid pt Bending moment, M2,, lb.in. 17033.45 17062.5

Tangential thrust, T2, lb. 1250.00 1250

TEMA Tubesheets Checks


A fixed tubesheet with the tubesheet extended has a flange and a gasketed channel side. This
is compared with B-JACTM teams, a heat exchanger design package. (CodeCalc job:
Checks.cc2/COMPARISON).

Parameters CodeCalc B-JACTM

Eff. Shell side design Pres., bend., 5.664 5.8


PSU, psi

Eff. Tube side design Pres., bend., 55.069 55.1


PTU, psi

Req. Thk. Shellside, Trs, in. 0.8304 0.8205

Req. Thk. Tubeside. Trc, in. 2.5893 2.524

Equiv. Differential Exp. Pres., PD, psi -0.488 0.0*

Shell longitudinal stress (Tensile), 44 0.0*


STSMAX, psi

Shell longitudinal stress (Comp.), 278 296


STSMIN , psi

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Parameters CodeCalc B-JACTM

Tube longitudinal stress (Tensile), 12556.94 12772


STTMAX, psi

Tube longitudinal Stress (Comp.), 117.77 0*


STTMIN, psi

Tube to Tubesheet load, WJ, lb. 1355.03 1378

This difference in the value of Pd and stresses is due to different interpretation of factor J,

TEMA suggests that if, …(a)


Then, J can be assumed equal to 0, this is used by BJAC. According to some experts J should
be taken 0 if,

and …(b)
CodeCalc uses this interpretation. Consequently, there are differences in the Pd, the Shell
longitudinal tensile stress, and the Tube longitudinal compressive stress values obtained from
both the programs.

WRC 107 Checks


This example is a comparison with another computer program, called Compress TM. This
example compares a round solid attachment on a cylindrical shell. (CodeCalc job:
Extra_qa.cc2/COMPAR. TO COMP).

Using WRC 107 March 1979 Version


Parameters CodeCalc CompressTM

Beta 0.230 0.23

Total circumferential stress @ Au, psi -34281 -30118

Total Longitudinal stress @ Bl, psi 30083 32407

Total shear stress @ Cu, psi -92 -92

Stress Intensity, @ Al, psi 30283 32574

Stress Intensity, @ Bu, psi 47999 45950

Stress Intensity, @ Cl, psi 41165 43630

Stress Intensity, @ Du, psi 58573 51845

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Parameters CodeCalc CompressTM

Stress Intensity, @ Dl, psi 40655 43100

Pipe and Pad Checks


A B31.3 intersection area of reinforcement and MAWP calculations tested with MathCad
calculations. (CodeCalc Job: Extra_Qa.cc2/Hand_Calcs).

Parameters CodeCalc PEAs

Req. thk. of header, in. 0.450 0.449

Req. thk. of branch, in. 0.194 0.194

Req. reinforcement area, in.2 3.4855 3.485

Available reinforcement area, in.2 3.6052 3.604

MAWP of Header, psi 694.18 694.13

MAWP of Branch, psi 1385.28 1385.19

Est. MAWP of Assembly, psi 609.60 609.55

Base Ring Checks


This example is benchmarked with hand calculations. A base ring with a continuous top ring.
(CodeCalc job: Checks.cc2/PVHB EXAMPLE).
The following illustrates the comparison of results for a simplified analysis for base ring
thickness from Jawad and Farr.

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs

Load per bolt, lb. 43527.7344 43528

Req. Area/Bolt, in.2.) 1.7411 1.741

Bolt stress, approx. analysis, psi,) 18925.10 16413

Concrete stress, operating condition, 813.64 875.31


psi

Basering Thk., simplified, in. 1.8677 1.937

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More accurate analysis using neutral axis shift calculations for base ring thickness, from Singh
and Soler.

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs

Bolt stress, psi 14244.13 12549

Concrete stress, psi 495.33 478.84

Basering Thk., in. 1.4573 1.432

Continuous Top Ring Calculations:


Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs

Req. Thk. as fixed beam, in. 1.7850 1.916

Req. Thk. per Moss, in. 1.3669 1.467

Gusset Thickness:
Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs

Req. Thk. in tension, in. 0.3286 0.378

Req. Thk. in compression, in. 0.672 0.672

Skirt Thickness at Operating Condition:


Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs

Req. Thk. in tension, in. 0.3286 0.398

Req. Thk. in compression, in. 0.2835 0.287

Half-Pipe Check
ASME Appendix EE-3 (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/ ASME EXAMPLE): A cylindrical shell with a
half-pipe.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Min. req. thk. of shell, Int. press., in. 0.2392 0.24

Max. permissible pressure, P¢ 385.3763 366


(Pprime), psig

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Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Longitudinal tensile stress in shell, S¢ 6080.0000 6080


(Sprime), psi

Req. half-pipe thk., T, in. 0.0502 0.050

Min. fillet weld size, Fillet, in. 0.1180 0.12

Large Opening Checks


Shell with a large nozzle (CodeCalc Job: Checks.cc2/SENIOR GB TEST): Tested against hand
calculations performed by a client.

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs.

Longitudinal hub stress, SH*, psi 19520 19494

Radial flange stress, SR*, psi 1036 1032

Tangential flange stress, ST*, psi 10945 10960

Stresses at the head-shell junction

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs.

Longitudinal hub stress, Shs, psi 13314.04 13161

Radial stress, Srs, psi 603.63 610

Tangential stress, Sts, psi 5578.62 5564

Stresses at the opening head junction

Parameters CodeCalc Hand Calcs.

Longitudinal hub stress, Sho, psi 16997.473 16960

Radial stress, Sro, psi 902.257 898

Tangential stress, Sto, psi 9750.83 9759

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Rectangular Vessel Checks


ASME APP. 13, 13-17(b) (CodeCalc job: Rctexmpl.cc2/EXAMPLE A2): A rectangular vessel
with two long sides having different thickness (sketch A2), designed for internal pressure.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Membrane Short side plate, psi 1242.00 1242

Long side plate, t2, psi 488.39 488

Long side plate, t22, psi 100.81 101

Bending Short side plate, @ Q, psi ±2560.62 ±2571

Short side plate, @ Q1, psi ±15775.12 ±15778

Long side plate, @ M, psi ±3679.71 ±3683

Long side plate, @ Q, psi ±250.06 ±250

Long side plate, @ M1, psi ±9556.91 ±9572

Long side plate, @ Q1, psi ±6162.16 ±6153

ASME APP. 13, 13-17(c) (CodeCalc job Rctexmpl.cc2/EXAMPLE A3): A rectangular vessel with
uniform wall thickness and corners bend to a radius (sketch A3) designed for internal pressure.

Parameters* CodeCalc ASME

Membrane Short side plate, @ C, psi 450.00 450

Long side plate, @ A, psi 300.00 300

Corner section, psi 485.41 485

Bending Moment at mid pt of long side, Ma, -2812.6814 -2820


in.lb.

Short side plate, Inner @ C, psi 10123.91 10084

Short side plate, Outer @ C, psi -10123.91 -10084

Short side plate, Inner @ D, psi 5623.91 -5583*

Short side plate, Outer @ D, psi -5623.91 5583*

Long side plate, Inner @ A, psi -16876.09 -16927

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 38


Software Verification

Parameters* CodeCalc ASME

Long side plate, Outer @ A, psi 16876.09 16927

Long side plate, Inner @ B, psi 1123.91 1080

Long side plate, Outer @ B, psi -1123.91 -1080

Corner section, Inner, psi 12248.52 12209

Corner section, Outer, psi -12248.52 -12209

As of this printing, ASME is in error about the stress state at point D. The stress at the point D
on the short side is as per ASME Section VIII Div. 1 Appendix 13-7 Equation 29.

With,
MA = -2812.68 in-lb
P = 15 psi
I1 = 0.0833 in4
L1 = 10 in.
L2 = 20 in.
R = 10 in.
For the inner side,
c=ci=0.5
Which gives, (Sb)Di = 5623.91 psi,
while ASME has a stress value of -5583 psi.
ASME Appendix 13, 13-17(g) (CodeCalc job: Extra_QA.cc2/ASME EXAMPLE 13): A vessel of
obround cross section, with an I-section reinforcement member welded on, Sketch B2.
Taking the pressure P = 29.9 psi. to get the ASME stress values.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Combined MOI, I11, in.4 6.8592 6.859

Membrane Short side plate, @ C, psi 978.19 978.32

Long side plate, @ A, psi 489.09 489.16

Bending Short side plate, Outer @ C, psi -15647.73 -15641.75

Long side plate, Outer @ A, psi 16935.70 16928.78

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 39


Software Verification

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Total Short side plate, Outer @ C, psi -14669.54 -14662.96

Long side plate, Outer @ A, psi 17424.79 17417.946

ASME Appendix 13, 13-17(i) (CodeCalc job: Rctexmpl.cc2/EXAMPLE C1): A vessel of circular
cross section, with a single diametral staying plate, Sketch C1.
These stresses are maximum stresses occurring at the shell-plate junction.

Parameters CodeCalc ASME

Membrane Shell section, psi 800.00 800

Diametral plate, psi 2.10 2.1

Bending Shell section, Inner, psi 8884.12 8856

Diametral plate, Inner, psi 25140.69 25020

Total Shell section, Inner, psi 9684.12 9656

Diametral plate, Inner, psi 25142.79 25022

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 40


SECTION 5

PV Elite Sample Benchmark Problem Sets


In This Section
Problem 1 - Natural Frequency Calculation ................................... 41
Problem 2 - Example of Stiffening Ring Calculation ...................... 45
Problem 3 - Nozzle Reinforcement, Weld Strength, Weld Size .... 48
Problem 4 - Vessel under Internal and External Pressure on Legs
....................................................................................................... 60
Problem 5 - Vertical Vessel with Wind and Seismic Loads ........... 70
Problem 6 - Comparison against CAESAR II ................................ 79
Problem 7a - ASME Section VIII Division 1 Sample Comparisons 82
Problem 7b - ASME Section VIII Division 2 Sample Comparisons 87
Problem 8 - EN-13445 Nozzle Reinforcement .............................. 96

Problem 1 - Natural Frequency Calculation


The purpose of this problem is to ensure that PV Elite is computing the fundamental frequency
of a vertical tower correctly. This problem is a comparison against the sample presented in
Henry Bednar’s Pressure Vessel Design Handbook, 2nd Edition (Page 126) with the PV Elite file
bedwgt.pvdb. The result for this problem should be approximately 1.15 sec/cycle or 0.9 hertz.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 41


Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data


Natural Frequency Comparison to Bednar p126

Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 100.00 psig


Design Internal Temperature 200 F
Type of Hydrotest UG99-b
Hydrotest Position Vertical
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature 1994 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service None
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Miscellaneous Weight Percent 0.0
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding
Perform a Corroded Hydrotest
Is this a Heat Exchanger N
User Defined Hydro. Press (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI+BW


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EQ+BS
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 0.0000 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.0
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 0.0000 ft.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 0.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs. Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code ASCE-7 88


Seismic Zone 0.0000
Importance Factor 1.0000
Soil Type S1
Horizontal Force Factor 2.0000
Percent Seismic for Hydrotest 0.0000
Design Nozzle for M.A.W.P. + Static Head Y
Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. N
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N
Material Database Year 1997

Configuration Directives:

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 No


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" No
Shell Head Joints are Tapered No
Compute "K" in corroded condition No
Use Code Case 2286 No
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT No
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D No

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details:

Element From Node 10


Element To Node 20
Element Type Skirt Sup.
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 10.000ft.
Skirt Inside Diameter 60.000in.
Diameter of Skirt at Base 60.000in.
Skirt Thickness 0.5000in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 42


Software Verification

Material Name SA516-70


Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.0010000 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.25 in.
Yield Stress, Operating 38000. psi
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Head-to-Skirt or Circ. Seam 1.0

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID F
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 5.0000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 10000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.
--------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 20
Element To Node 40
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 20.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 60.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design External Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-516 70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID E
Dist. from "FROM" Node/Offset dist 10.000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 15000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.
--------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 40
Element To Node 50
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 19.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 60.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design External Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-516 70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 40


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID D
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 9.5000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 10000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.
--------------------------------------------------------

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 43


Software Verification
Element From Node 50
Element To Node 60
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 19.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 60.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design External Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-516 70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 50


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID C
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 9.5000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 00000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.
--------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 60
Element To Node 80
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 16.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 96.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.7500 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design External Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-516 70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 60


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID B
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 8.0000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 20000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.
--------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 80
Element To Node 90
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 16.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 96.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.7500 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 100 F
Design External Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 100 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-516 70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency,. Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 80


Detail Type Weight
Detail ID A
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 8.0000 ft.
Miscellaneous Weight 20000. lb.
Offset from Element Centerline 0.0000 in.

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Natural Frequency for the Operating Case (No Liquid), Freese Method

Natural Frequency Calculation

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 44


Software Verification
| | Element | Centroid | Elem. End | Elem. Ang. | Element
From| To | Total Wgt. | Deflection | Deflection | Rotation | Empty Wgt.
| | lbm | in. | in. | | lbm
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 10011.4 | 0.077412 | 0.30044 | 0.0048560 | 10011.4
20 | 40 | 15022.8 | 1.13129 | 2.39547 | 0.012092 | 15022.8
40 | 50 | 10021.7 | 3.91854 | 5.68701 | 0.016406 | 10021.7
50 | 60 | 10021.7 | 7.63959 | 9.72088 | 0.018672 | 10021.7
60 | 80 | 20043.8 | 11.5172 | 13.3188 | 0.018782 | 20043.8
80 | 90 | 20043.8 | 15.1227 | 16.9273 | 0.018798 | 20043.8

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Empty.) is 0.90323 Hz.

Natural Frequency for the Operating Case, Freese Method

Natural Frequency Calculation

| | Element | Centroid | Elem. End | Elem. Ang. | Element


From| To | Total Wgt. | Deflection | Deflection | Rotation | Emtpy Wgt.
| | lbm | in. | in. | | lbm
10 | 20 | 10011.4 | 0.077412 | 0.30044 | 0.0048560 | 10011.4
20 | 40 | 15022.8 | 1.13129 | 2.39547 | 0.012092 | 15022.8
40 | 50 | 10021.7 | 3.91854 | 5.68701 | 0.016406 | 10021.7
50 | 60 | 10021.7 | 7.63959 | 9.72088 | 0.018672 | 10021.7
60 | 80 | 20043.8 | 11.5172 | 13.3188 | 0.018782 | 20043.8
80 | 90 | 20043.8 | 15.1227 | 16.9273 | 0.018798 | 20043.8

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Ope...) is 0.90323 Hz.

Natural Frequency for the Filled Case, Freese Method

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Filled) is 0.48376 Hz.

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Problem 2 - Example of Stiffening Ring Calculation


This sample problem was taken from the ASME Section VIII Division 1 pressure vessel code
page 531-532 A-98 addenda. This stiffening ring is a channel welded to the outside of a
169-inch OD vessel. The test here is to compute the required moment of inertia of the ring. The
ASME code calculated value for I’s (the required moment of inertia) 15.61 in 4. PV Elite obtains
an almost identical result of 16.2 in4. The difference is due to the fact that PV Elite computes the
strain factor A to more significant figures than the code example.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 45


Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data


Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 0.0000 psig
Design Internal Temperature 0 F
Type of Hydrotest Not Specified
Hydrotest Position Horizontal
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service None
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Miscellaneous Weight Percent 0.0
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding Y
Perform a Corroded Hydrotest N
Is this a Heat Exchanger N
User Defined Hydro. Press. (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User Defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User Defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI+FW+BW


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EE+FS+BS
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI+FW+BW
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ+FS+BS
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI+FW+BW
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ+FS+BS
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI+FW+BW
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ+FS+BS
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE
Load Case 13 IP+WE+EW
Load Case 14 IP+WF+CW
Load Case 15 IP+VO+OW
Load Case 16 IP+VE+OW
Load Case 17 IP+VF+CW
Load Case 18 FS+BS+EP+OW
Load Case 19 FS+BS+EP+OW

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 70.000 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.0
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 0.0000 in.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 33.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs. Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0100
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code UBC 94


UBC Seismic Zone (1=1,2=2a,3=2b,4=3,5=4) 0.000
UBC Importance Factor 1.000
UBC Soil Type S1
UBC Horizontal Force Factor 3.000
UBC Percent Seismic for Hydrotest 0.000

Design Nozzle for Des. Press. + St. Head Y


Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design N
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. Y
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N

Material Database Year Current w/Addenda or Code Year

Configuration Directives

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 N


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" Y
Shell Head Joints are Tapered Y
Compute "K" in corroded condition Y
Use Code Case 2286 N
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT Y
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D N

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details


Element From Node 10
Element To Node 20
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 80.000 in.
Element Outside Diameter 169.00 in.
Element Thickness 0.3125 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 46


Software Verification
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 700 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 700 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA-285 C
Allowable Stress, Ambient 15700. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 14300. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 20410. psi
Material Density 0.2800 lbm/in3
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
Yield Stress, Operating 21500. psi
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation A
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02801
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Ring
Detail ID Ring:[1 of 1]
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 40.000 in.
Stiffening Ring Moment of Inertia 13.100 in**4
Distance from Shell Surface to Center 3.0000 in.
Stiffening Ring Cross Sectional Area 2.4000 in²
Material Name SA-516 70
Stiffening Ring Section Name C6X8.2
Height of Section Ring 6.000 in.
Using Custom Stiffener Section No

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018


External Pressure Calculation Results

ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 2013

Cylindrical Shell From 10 To Ring:[1 of 1] Ext. Chart: CS-2 at 700 F

Elastic Modulus from Chart: CS-2 at 700F: 0.245E+08 psi

Results for Maximum Allowable Pressure (MAEP):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.312 | 169.00 | 40.00 | 540.80 | 0.2367 | 0.0004801 | 5880.68 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 5880.6768)/(3* 540.8000) = 14.4987 psig

Results for Required Thickness (TCA):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.317 | 169.00 | 40.00 | 533.48 | 0.2367 | 0.0004900 | 6001.98 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 6001.9790)/(3* 533.4799) = 15.0008 psig

Results for Maximum Stiffened Length (SLEN):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.312 | 169.00 | 38.76 | 540.80 | 0.2294 | 0.0004966 | 6083.58 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 6083.5762)/(3* 540.8000) = 14.9990 psig

Cylindrical Shell From Ring[1 of 1] to the end: Ext. Chart: CS-2 at 700 F

Elastic Modulus from Chart: CS-2 at 700 F: 0.245E+08 psi

Results for Maximum Allowable Pressure (EMAP):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.312 | 169.00 | 40.00 | 540.80 | 0.2367 | 0.0004801 | 5880.68 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 5880.6768)/(3* 540.8000) = 14.4987 psig

Results for Required Thickness (TCA):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.317 | 169.00 | 40.00 | 533.48 | 0.2367 | 0.0004900 | 6001.98 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 6001.9790)/(3* 533.4799) = 15.0008 psig

Results for Maximum Stiffened Length (SLEN):


| TCA | OD | SLEN | D/t | L/D | Factor A | B |
| 0.312 | 169.00 | 38.76 | 540.80 | 0.2294 | 0.0004966 | 6083.58 |
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4* 6083.5762)/(3* 540.8000) = 14.9990 psig

Stiffening Ring Calculations for: Ring:[1 of 1], C6X8.2, SA-516 70

Effective Length of Shell 7.99 in.


Area (in2) Distance (in.) Area*Dist
Shell: 2.498 0.1562 0.390
Ring : 2.400 3.3125 7.950
Total: 4.898 8.340
Centroid of Ring plus Shell = 1.703 in.
Inertia Distance A*Dist2
Shell: 0.020 1.5465 5.975
Ring : 13.100 -1.6097 6.219
Total: 13.120 12.194
Available Moment of Inertia, Ring plus Shell 25.314 in**4

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 47


Software Verification

Required Stress in Ring plus Shell BREQ 5104.03 psi


Required Strain in Ring plus Shell AREQ 0.0004150

Required Moment of Inertia, Ring plus Shell

= ( OD² * SLEN * (TCA+ARING/SLEN) * AREQ )/ 10.9


= (169.0000^(2)*40.0000*(0.3125+2.4000/40.0000)*0.0004150)/10.9
= 16.2025 in**4

External Pressure Calculations


| | Section | Outside | Corroded | Factor | Factor |
From| To | Length | Diameter | Thickness | A | B |
| | in. | in. | in. | | psi |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
10 |Ring| 40.0000 | 169.000 | 0.31250 | 0.00048006 | 5880.68 |
Ring| 20 | 40.0000 | 169.000 | 0.31250 | 0.00048006 | 5880.68 |

External Pressure Calculations


| | External | External | External | External |
From| To | Actual T. | Required T.| Des. Press.| M.A.W.P. |
| | in. | in. | psig | psig |
------------------------------------------------------------
10 |Ring| 0.31250 <<< 0.31679 | 15.0000 >>> 14.4987 |
Ring| 20 | 0.31250 <<< 0.31679 | 15.0000 >>> 14.4987 |
Minimum 14.499

External Pressure Calculations


| | Actual Len.| Allow. Len.| Ring Inertia | Ring Inertia |
From| To | Bet. Stiff.| Bet. Stiff.| Required | Available |
| | in. | in. | in**4 | in**4 |
------------------------------------------------------------------
10 |Ring| 40.0000 >>> 38.7605 | No Calc | No Calc |
Ring| 20 | 40.0000 >>> 38.7605 | 16.2025 | 25.3141 |

One or more Elements or Rings Failed Code requirements for External Pressure with the given

thickness! PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Problem 3 - Nozzle Reinforcement, Weld Strength, Weld Size


The next sample problem was adapted from the ASME code Appendix L. This example problem
tests PV Elite nozzle calculations in accordance with paragraph UG-37. This sample problem
compares with ASME’s hillside nozzle example 7 Addenda 98. PV Elite automatically performs
the nozzle calculation in both the hoop direction and the longitudinal direction. The results for
areas required and available are in excellent agreement. This particular file applchk.pvi contains
all of the ASME nozzle reinforcement calculation examples.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 48


Software Verification

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 49


Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data

Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 100.00 psig


Design Internal Temperature 225 F
Type of Hydrotest UG99-b
Hydrotest Position Horizontal
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service None
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding N
Perform a Corroded Hydrotest N
Is this a Heat Exchanger N
User Defined Hydro. Press. (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI+BW


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EQ+BS
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 70.000 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.0
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 0.0000 ft.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 33.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code UBC 94


UBC Seismic Zone (1=1,2=2a,3=2b,4=3,5=4) 0.000
UBC Importance Factor 1.000
UBC Soil Type S1
UBC Horizontal Force Factor 2.000
UBC Percent Seismic for Hydrotest 0.000

Design Nozzle for Des. Press. + St. Head Y


Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. Y
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N
Material Database Year 2009

Configuration Directives:

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 No


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" No
Shell Head Joints are Tapered No
Compute "K" in corroded condition No
Use Code Case 2286 No
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT No
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D No

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 50


Software Verification
Element From Node 10
Element To Node 20
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 60.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.7500 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 250.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 704 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA515-60
Allowable Stress, Ambient 15000. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 14300. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 22500. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02401
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-2
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 1.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 11.75 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA516-70
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 20
Element To Node 30
Element Type Elliptical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.2500 ft.
Inside Diameter 23.625 in.
Element Thickness 0.1880 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 150.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 400 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
Elliptical Head Factor 2.0

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX6
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 8.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 20
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B
----------------------------------------------------------------

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 51


Software Verification
Element From Node 30
Element To Node 40
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 30.000 in.
Element Thickness 1.5000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 1000.0 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 150 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-55
Allowable Stress, Ambient 13800. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 13800. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 20700. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation C
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K01800
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-7
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 4.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA516-60
---------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 40
Element To Node 50
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 30.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 250.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 150 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-55
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 40


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP L EX-1
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 3.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 4.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 180.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B
---------------------------------------------------------------

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 52


Software Verification
Element From Node 50
Element To Node 60
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 60.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.7500 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 250.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 700 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA515-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 14300. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation A
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K03101
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 50


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-3
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 11.75 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA516-70

Element From Node 50


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-3B
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 11.75 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 180.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA516-70
----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 60
Element To Node 70
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 96.000 in.
Element Thickness 2.0000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.06250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 425.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 800 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 11400. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 53


Software Verification
Element From Node 60
Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-4
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 16.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA516-70
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 70
Element To Node 80
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 83.000 in.
Element Thickness 2.0000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.2500 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 500.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 400 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA515-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 13700. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation A
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K03101
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 70


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP EX-5
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 14.5 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA515-60
------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 80
Element To Node 90
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Inside Diameter 42.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5630 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 300.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 650 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA515-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 80


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID APP 8
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 10.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA106-B
----------------------------------------------------------------

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 54


Software Verification
Element From Node 90
Element To Node 95
Element Type Flat
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.04692 ft.
Inside Diameter 42.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5630 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 5.0000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 650 F
Design External Pressure 0.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA515-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
Flat Head Attachment Factor 0.30000001
Small diameter if Non-Circular 0.0000 in.
------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 95
Element To Node 100
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 15.375 ft.
Inside Diameter 53.270 in.
Element Thickness 0.9900 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.3125 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 100.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 100.00 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0

Element From Node 95


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID DUPPS
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 24.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule None
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

INPUT VALUES, Nozzle Description: APP EX-7 From: 30

Pressure for Reinforcement Calculations P 1000.000 psig


Temperature for Internal Pressure Temp 150 F
Maximum Allowable Pressure New & Cold 10.48 psig

Shell Material SA516-55


Shell Allowable Stress at Temperature S 13800.00 psi
Shell Allowable Stress at Ambient Sa 13800.00 psi

Inside Diameter of Cylindrical Shell D 30.0000 in.


Shell Finished (Minimum) Thickness t 1.5000 in.
Shell Internal Corrosion Allowance c 0.0000 in.
Shell External Corrosion Allowance co 0.0000 in.

Distance from Cylinder/Cone Centerline L1 12.0000 in.

Distance from Bottom/Left Tangent 7.2500 ft.

User Entered Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20.00 F

Type of Element Connected to the Shell: Nozzle

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 55


Software Verification
Material SA516-60
Material UNS Number K02100
Material Specification/Type Plate
Allowable Stress at Temperature Sn 15000.00 psi
Allowable Stress at Ambient Sna 15000.00 psi

Diameter Basis (for tr calc only) ID


Layout Angle 0.00 deg
Diameter 4.0000 in.

Size and Thickness Basis Actual


Actual Thickness tn 0.5000 in.

Corrosion Allowance can 0.0000 in.


Joint Efficiency of Shell Seam at Nozzle E1 1.00
Joint Efficiency of Nozzle Neck En 1.00

Outside Projection ho 4.0000 in.


Weld leg size between Nozzle and Pad/Shell Wo 0.5000 in.
Groove weld depth between Nozzle and Vessel Wgnv 1.5000 in.
Inside Projection h 0.0000 in.
Weld leg size, Inside Element ot Shell Wi 0.0000 in.
ASME Code Weld Type per UW-16 None

Class of attached Flange 150


Grade of attached Flange GR 1.1

The Pressure Design option was Design Pressure + static head.

Nozzle Sketch (may not represent actual weld type/configuration)

| |
| |
| |
| |
____________/| |
| \ | |
| \ | |
|____________\|__|

Insert Nozzle No Pad, no Inside projection

Note: Checking Nozzle 90 degrees to the Longitudinal axis.

Reinforcement CALCULATION, Description: APP EX-7

ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 1998, A-98 UG-37 to UG-45

Actual Inside Diameter Used in Calculation 4.000 in.


Actual Thickness Used in Calculation 0.500 in.

Nozzle input data check completed without errors.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Cylindrical Shell, TR [Int. Press]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (1000.00*15.0000)/(13800*1.00-0.6*1000.00)
= 1.1364 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Cylindrical Shell, TR [Mapnc]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (10.48*15.0000)/(13800*1.00-0.6*10.48)
= 0.0114 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, TRN [Int. Press]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (1000.00*2.00)/(15000*1.00-0.6*1000.00)
= 0.1389 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a) of Nozzle Wall, TRN [Mapnc]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (10.48*2.00)/(15000*1.00-0.6*10.48)
= 0.0014 in.

UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement: [Internal Pressure]


Parallel to Vessel Wall (Diameter Limit) D1 13.0946 in.
Parallel to Vessel Wall, opening length d 6.5473 in.
Normal to Vessel Wall (Thickness Limit), no pad Tlnp 1.2500 in.

UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement: [Mapnc]


Parallel to Vessel Wall (Diameter Limit) D1 13.0946 in.
Parallel to Vessel Wall, opening length d 6.5473 in.
Normal to Vessel Wall (Thickness Limit), no pad Tlnp 1.2500 in.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 56


Software Verification
Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:
AREA AVAILABLE, A1 to A5 | Design | External | Mapnc |
Area Required Ar | 3.720 | NA | 0.037 sq.in. |
Area in Shell A1 | 6.101 | NA | 9.784 sq.in. |
Area in Nozzle Wall A2 | 1.135 | NA | 1.567 sq.in. |
Area in Inward Nozzle A3 | 0.000 | NA | 0.000 sq.in. |
Area in Welds A41+A42+A43| 0.250 | NA | 0.250 sq.in. |
Area in Element A5 | 0.000 | NA | 0.000 sq.in. |
TOTAL AREA AVAILABLE Atot | 7.486 | NA | 11.601 sq.in.|

The Internal Pressure Case Governs the Analysis.

Nozzle Angle Used in Area Calculations 37.66 Degs.

The area available without a pad is Sufficient.

Area Required [A]:


= (d * tr*F + 2 * tn * tr*F * (1-fr1)) UG-37(c)
= (6.5473 * 1.1364*0.5 +2 * 0.5000 * 1.1364*0.5*(1-1.00))
= 3.720 sq.in.

Reinforcement Areas per Figure UG-37.1

Area Available in Shell [A1]:


= d(E1*t - F*tr) - 2 * tn( E1*t - F*tr) * (1 - fr1)
= 6.547 (1.00 * 1.5000 - 0.5 * 1.136) - 2 * 0.500(1.00 * 1.5000 - 0.5 * 1.1364) * (1 - 1.000)
= 6.101 sq.in.

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward [A2]:


= (2 * tlnp) * (tn - trn) * fr2/sin(alpha3)
= (2 * 1.250) * (0.5000 - 0.1389) * 1.0000/sin(52.7)
= 1.135 sq.in.

See Appendix L, L-7.7.7(b) for more information.

Area Available in Inward Weld + Outward Weld [A41 + A43]:


= Wo^(2) * fr2 + (Wi-can/0.707)^(2) * fr2
= 0.5000^(2) * 1.0000 + (0.0000)^(2) * 1.0000
= 0.250 sq.in.

Nozzle Junction Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT) Calculations:

MDMT of the Nozzle Neck to Flange Weld, Curve: C


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Govrn. thk, tg = 0.500 , tr = 0.139 , c = 0.0000 in. , E* = 1.00
Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.278 , Temp. Reduction = 110 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66 -36 F


Min Metal Temp. at Required thickness (UCS 66.1) -146 F

MDMT of Nozzle-Shell/Head Weld for the Nozzle (UCS-66(a)1(b)), Curve: C


----------------------------------------------------------------------
Govrn. thk, tg = 0.500 , tr = 0.139 , c = 0.0000 in. , E* = 1.00
Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.278 , Temp. Reduction = 110 F
Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66 -36 F
Min Metal Temp. at Required thickness (UCS 66.1) -146 F

Governing MDMT of all the sub-joints of this Junction: -146 F

ANSI Flange MDMT including Temperature reduction per UCS-66.1:

Unadjusted MDMT of ANSI B16.5/47 flanges per UCS-66(c) -20 F


Flange MDMT with Temp reduction per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) -20 F
Flange MDMT with Temp reduction per UCS-66(b)(1)(c) -155 F

Where the Stress Reduction Ratio per UCS-66(b)(1)(b) is:


Design Pressure/Ambient Rating = 1000.00/285.00 = 3.509

Note: Using the minimum value from (b)(1)(b) and (b)(1)(c) above as the calculated nozzle flange MDMT.

Weld Size Calculations, Description: APP EX-7

Intermediate Calc. for nozzle/shell Welds Tmin 0.5000 in.

Results Per UW-16.1:


| Required Thickness | Actual Thickness
Nozzle Weld | 0.2500 = Min per Code | 0.3535 = 0.7 * Wo in.

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
Weld Load [W]:
= (A-A1+2*tn*fr1*(E1*t-tr))*Sv
= (3.7201 - 6.1009 + 2 * 0.5000 * 1.0000 *(1.00 * 1.5000 - 0.5682)) * 13800
= 0.00 lb.

F is always set to 1.0 throughout the calculation.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 57


Software Verification
Weld Load [W1]:
= (A2+A5+A4-(Wi-Can/.707)^(2)*fr2)*Sv
= (1.1350 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 - 0.0000 * 1.00) * 13800
= 19112.62 lb.

Weld Load [W2]:


= (A2 + A3 + A4 + (2 * tn * t * fr1)) * Sv
= (1.1350 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 + (1.5000)) * 13800
= 39812.62 lb.
Weld Load [W3]:
= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*tn*t*fr1))*S
= (1.1350 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 + 0.0000 + (1.5000)) * 13800
= 39812.62 lb.

Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:


= (pi/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= (3.1416/2.0) * 8.1841 * 0.5000 * 0.49 * 13800
= 43465. lb.

Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:


= (pi *(Dlr + Dlo)/4) * (Thk - Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= (3.1416 * 3.6829) * (0.5000 - 0.0000) * 0.7 * 15000
= 60743. lb.

Tension, Shell Groove Weld [Tngw]:


= (pi/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= (3.1416/2.0) * 8.1841 * (1.5000 - 0.0000) * 0.74 * 15000
= 214045. lb.

Strength of Failure Paths:

PATH11 = (SONW + SNW) = (43464 + 60742) = 104207 lb.


PATH22 = (Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw)
= (43465 + 0 + 214045 + 0)
= 257510 lb.
PATH33 = (Sonw + Tngw + Sinw)
= (43465 + 214045 + 0)
= 257510 lb.

Summary of Failure Path Calculations:


Path 1-1 = 104207 lb., must exceed W = 0 lb. or W1 = 19112 lb.
Path 2-2 = 257509 lb., must exceed W = 0 lb. or W2 = 39812 lb.
Path 3-3 = 257509 lb., must exceed W = 0 lb. or W3 = 39812 lb.

Maximum Allowable Pressure for this Nozzle at this Location:


Converged Max. Allow. Pressure in Operating case 1301.887 psig

The MAWP of this junction was limited by the parent Shell/Head.


Checking Nozzle in plane parallel to the vessel axis.

Reinforcement CALCULATION, Description: APP EX-7

ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 1998, A-98 UG-37 to UG-45

Actual Inside Diameter Used in Calculation 4.000 in.


Actual Thickness Used in Calculation 0.500 in.

Nozzle input data check completed without errors.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a)of Cylindrical Shell, Tr [Int. Press]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (1000.00*15.0000)/(13800*1.00-0.6*1000.00)
= 1.1364 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a)of Cylindrical Shell, Tr [Mapnc]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (10.48*15.0000)/(13800*1.00-0.6*10.48)
= 0.0114 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a)of Nozzle Wall, Trn [Int. Press]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (1000.00*2.00)/(15000*1.00-0.6*1000.00)
= 0.1389 in.

Reqd thk per UG-37(a)of Nozzle Wall, Trn [Mapnc]


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (10.48*2.00)/(15000*1.00-0.6*10.48)
= 0.0014 in.

UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : [Internal Pressure]


Parallel to Vessel Wall (Diameter Limit) Dl 8.0000 in.
Parallel to Vessel Wall Rn+tn+t 4.0000 in.
Normal to Vessel Wall (Thickness Limit), no pad Tlnp 1.2500 in.

UG-40, Limits of Reinforcement : [Mapnc]

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 58


Software Verification
Parallel to Vessel Wall (Diameter Limit) Dl 8.0000 in.
Parallel to Vessel Wall Rn+tn+t 4.0000 in.
Normal to Vessel Wall (Thickness Limit), no pad Tlnp 1.2500 in.

Results of Nozzle Reinforcement Area Calculations:


AREA AVAILABLE, A1 to A5 | Design | External | Mapnc
Area Required Ar | 4.545 | NA | 0.046 sq.in.
Area in Shell A1 | 1.455 | NA | 5.954 sq.in.
Area in Nozzle Wall A2 | 0.903 | NA | 1.247 sq.in.
Area in Inward Nozzle A3 | 0.000 | NA | 0.000 sq.in.
Area in Welds A41+A42+A43 | 0.250 | NA | 0.250 sq.in.
Area in Element A5 | 0.000 | NA | 0.000 sq.in.
TOTAL AREA AVAILABLE Atot | 2.607 | NA | 7.451 sq.in.

The Internal Pressure Case Governs the Analysis.

Nozzle Angle Used in Area Calculations 90.00 Degs.

The area available without a pad is Insufficient.


RECOMMENDATION: Add a Reinforcing Pad.

SELECTION OF POSSIBLE REINFORCING PADS: Diameter Thickness


Based on the Estimated Diameter Limit: 7.9375 0.6875 in.

Area Required [A]:


= (d * tr*F + 2 * tn * tr*F * (1-fr1)) UG-37(c)
= (4.0000*1.1364*1.0+2*0.5000*1.1364*1.0*(1-1.00))
= 4.545 sq.in.

Reinforcement Areas per Figure UG-37.1

Area Available in Shell [A1]:


= d(E1*t - F*tr) - 2 * tn(E1*t - F*tr) * (1 - fr1)
= 4.000 (1.00 * 1.5000 - 1.0 * 1.136) - 2 * 0.500(1.00 * 1.5000 - 1.0 * 1.1364) * (1 - 1.000)
= 1.455 sq.in.

Area Available in Nozzle Projecting Outward [A2]:


= (2 * tlnp) * (tn - trn) * fr2
= (2 * 1.250) * (0.5000 - 0.1389) * 1.0000
= 0.903 sq.in.

Area Available in Inward Weld + Outward Weld [A41 + A43]:


= Wo^(2) * fr2 + (Wi-can/0.707)^(2) * fr2
= 0.5000^(2) * 1.0000 + (0.0000)^(2) * 1.0000
= 0.250 sq.in.

UG-45 Minimum Nozzle Neck Thickness Requirement: [Int. Press.]


Wall Thickness for Internal/External pressures ta = 0.1389 in.
Wall Thickness per UG16(b), tr16b = 0.0625 in.
Wall Thickness, shell/head, internal pressure trb1 = 1.1364 in.
Wall Thickness tb1 = max(trb1, tr16b) = 1.1364 in.
Wall Thickness tb2 = max(trb2, tr16b) = 0.0625 in.
Wall Thickness per table UG-45 tb3 = 0.2256 in.

Determine Nozzle Thickness candidate [tb]:


= min[tb3, max(tb1,tb2)]
= min[0.226 , max(1.1364 , 0.0625)]
= 0.2256 in.

Minimum Wall Thickness of Nozzle Necks [tUG-45]:


= max(ta, tb)
= max(0.1389 , 0.2256)
= 0.2256 in.

Available Nozzle Neck Thickness = 0.5000 in. --> OK

Weld Size Calculations, Description: APP EX-7

Intermediate Calc. for nozzle/shell Welds Tmin 0.5000 in.

Results Per UW-16.1:


Required Thickness Actual Thickness
Nozzle Weld 0.2500 = Min per Code 0.3535 = 0.7 * Wo in.

Weld Strength and Weld Loads per UG-41.1, Sketch (a) or (b)
Weld Load [W]:
= (A-A1+2*tn*fr1*(E1*t-tr))*Sv
= (4.5455 - 1.4545 + 2 * 0.5000 * 1.0000 *(1.00 * 1.5000 - 1.1364)) * 13800
= 47672.73 lb.

F is always set to 1.0 throughout the calculation.

Weld Load [W1]:


= (A2+A5+A4-(Wi-Can/.707)^(2)*fr2)*Sv
= (0.9028 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 - 0.0000 * 1.00) * 13800
= 15908.33 lb.

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Weld Load [W2]:
= (A2 + A3 + A4 + (2 * tn * t * fr1)) * Sv
= (0.9028 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 + (1.5000)) * 13800
= 36608.33 lb.

Weld Load [W3]:


= (A2+A3+A4+A5+(2*tn*t*fr1))*S
= (0.9028 + 0.0000 + 0.2500 + 0.0000 + (1.5000)) * 13800
= 36608.33 lb.

Strength of Connection Elements for Failure Path Analysis

Shear, Outward Nozzle Weld [Sonw]:


= (pi/2) * Dlo * Wo * 0.49 * Snw
= (3.1416/2.0) * 5.0000 * 0.5000 * 0.49 * 13800
= 26554. lb.

Shear, Nozzle Wall [Snw]:


= (pi *(Dlr + Dlo)/4) * (Thk - Can) * 0.7 * Sn
= (3.1416 * 2.2500) * (0.5000 - 0.0000) * 0.7 * 15000
= 37110. lb.

Tension, Shell Groove Weld [Tngw]:


= (pi/2) * Dlo * (Wgnvi-Cas) * 0.74 * Sng
= (3.1416/2.0) * 5.0000 * (1.5000 - 0.0000) * 0.74 * 15000
= 130769. lb.

Strength of Failure Paths:

PATH11 = (SONW + SNW) = (26554 + 37110) = 63664 lb.


PATH22 = (Sonw + Tpgw + Tngw + Sinw)
= (26554 + 0 + 130769 + 0) = 157323 lb.
PATH33 = (Sonw + Tngw + Sinw)
= (26554 + 130769 + 0) = 157323 lb.

Summary of Failure Path Calculations:


Path 1-1 = 63664 lb., must exceed W = 47672 lb. or W1 = 15908 lb.
Path 2-2 = 157323 lb., must exceed W = 47672 lb. or W2 = 36608 lb.
Path 3-3 = 157323 lb., must exceed W = 47672 lb. or W3 = 36608 lb.

Maximum Allowable Pressure for this Nozzle at this Location:


Converged Max. Allow. Pressure in Operating case 801.776 psig

Approximate M.A.P.(NC) for given geometry 830.279 psig

The Drop for this Nozzle is : 5.1594 in.


The Cut Length for this Nozzle is, Drop + Ho + H + T : 11.4842 in.

Percent Elongation Calculations:


Percent Elongation per UCS-79 (50*tnom/Rf)*(1-Rf/Ro) 11.111 %
Please Check Requirements of UCS-79 as Elongation is > 5%.

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Problem 4 - Vessel under Internal and External Pressure on


Legs
This example, known as cmpwisd.pvi, is a comparison between another program (Compress TM
ver. 4.4) and PV Elite. Several items are tested such as basic results for internal and external
pressure, nozzle reinforcement, natural frequency and leg design are compared. The results all
compare within acceptable limits.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 60


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PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 61


Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data

Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 150.00 psig


Design Internal Temperature 275 F
Type of Hydrotest UG99-b
Hydrotest Position Horizontal
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service None
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding
Perform a Corroded Hydrotest N
Is this a Heat Exchanger N
User Defined Hydro. Press. (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI+BW


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EQ+BS
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 85.000 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.0
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 2.5000 ft.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 33.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code ASCE 7-88


Seismic Zone 0.000
Importance Factor 1.000
Soil Type S1
Horizontal Force Factor 2.000
Percent Seismic for Hydrotest 0.000

Design Nozzle for M.A.W.P. (maximum) Y


Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. N
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N
Material Database Year 1997

Configuration Directives:

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 No


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" No
Shell Head Joints are Tapered No
Compute "K" in corroded condition No
Use Code Case 2286 No
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT No
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D No

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 62


Software Verification
Element From Node 10
Element To Node 20
Element Type Elliptical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.1667 ft.
Inside Diameter 48.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.4375 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 150.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 275 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 300 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.178
Material Name SA516-60
Allowable Stress, Ambient 15000. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 15000. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 22500. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation D
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02100
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
Elliptical Head Factor 2.0

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Liquid
Detail ID LIQUID BOTTOM
Dist. from "FROM" Node/Offset dist -1.0000 ft.
Height/Length of Liquid 1.1667 ft.
Liquid Density 54.288 lb./cu.ft.

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID N3 4"S/120
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 4.0000 in.
Nozzle Schedule 120
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle (Used if > 0) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B

Element From Node 10


Detail Type Leg
Detail ID LEGS
Dist. from "FROM" Node/Offset dist 0.1666 ft.
Diameter at Leg Centerline 50.000 in.
Leg Orientation 2
Number of Legs 4
Section Identifier W4X13
Length of Legs 3.1670 ft.
----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 20
Element To Node 30
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 13.667 ft.
Inside Diameter 48.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.5000 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 150.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 275 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 300 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.178
Material Name SA516-60
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 0.85
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.8

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Liquid
Detail ID LIQUID CYL
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 ft.
Height/Length of Liquid 13.667 ft.
Liquid Density 54.288 lb./cu.ft.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 63


Software Verification
Element From Node 20
Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID M-1(20"X-STG)
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 2.5000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 20.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule XS
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 270.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID N6 3"S/160
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 3.0000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 3.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 160
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B
---------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 30
Element To Node 40
Element Type Elliptical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.1667 ft.
Inside Diameter 48.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.4375 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 150.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 275 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 300 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.178
Material Name SA516-60
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
Elliptical Head Factor 2.0

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Liquid
Detail ID LIQUID TOP
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 ft.
Height/Length of Liquid 0.1667 ft.
Liquid Density 54.288 lb./cu.ft.

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID N1 8"S/80
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 8.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID N2 6"S/80
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 15.000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 6.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 150
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-B

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Element Thickness, Pressure, Diameter, and Allowable Stress:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 64


Software Verification
| | Int. Press | Nominal | Total Corr | Element | Allowable |
From| To | + Liq. Hd | Thickness | Allowance | Diameter | Stress(SE)|
| | psig | in. | in. | in. | psi |
------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 155.655 | | 0.12500 | 48.0000 | 15000.0 |
20 | 30 | 155.215 | | 0.12500 | 48.0000 | 12750.0 |
30 | 40 | 150.063 | | 0.12500 | 48.0000 | 15000.0 |

Element Required Thickness and MAWP:


| | Design | M.A.W.P. | M.A.P. | Minimum | Required |
From| To | Pressure | Corroded | New & Cold | Thickness | Thickness |
| | psig | psig | psig | in. | in. |
---------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 150.000 | 187.524 | 272.940 | 0.43750 | 0.37561 |
20 | 30 | 150.000 | 191.140 | 262.346 | 0.50000 | 0.42085 |
30 | 40 | 150.000 | 192.802 | 272.940 | 0.43750 | 0.36649 |
Minimum 187.524 262.345

MAWP: 187.524 psig, limited by: Elliptical Head.

Internal Pressure Calculation Results:

ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 1998 Code A-98 Addenda

Elliptical Head From 10 To 20 SA516-60 , UCS-66 Crv. D at 275 F

Material UNS Number: K02100

Required Thickness Due to Internal Pressure [tr]:


= (P*D*K)/(2*S*E-0.2*P) Appendix 1-4(c)
= (155.655*48.2500*1.000)/(2*15000.00*1.00-0.2*155.655)
= 0.2506 + 0.1250 = 0.3756 in.

Max. Allowable Working Pressure at given Thickness, corroded [MAWP]:


Less Operating Hydrostatic Head Pressure of 5.655 psig
= (2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t) per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= (2*15000.00*1.00*0.3125)/(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125)
= 194.049 - 5.655
= 188.394 psig

Maximum Allowable Pressure, New and Cold [MAPNC]:


= (2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t) per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= (2*15000.00*1.00*0.4375)/(1.000*48.0000+0.2*0.4375)
= 272.940 psig

Actual stress at given pressure and thickness, corroded [Sact]:


= (P*(K*D+0.2*t))/(2*E*t)
= (155.655*(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125))/(2*1.00*0.3125)
= 12032.133 psi

Straight Flange Required Thickness:


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) + c per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (155.655*24.1250)/(15000.00*1.00-0.6*155.655)+0.125
= 0.377 in.

Straight Flange Maximum Allowable Working Pressure:


Less Operating Hydrostatic Head Pressure of 5.278 psig
= (S*E*t)/(R+0.6*t) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (15000.00 * 1.00 * 0.3125)/(24.1250 + 0.6 * 0.3125)
= 192.802 - 5.278
= 187.524 psig

Percent Elong. per UCS-79, VIII-1-01-57 (75*tnom/Rf)*(1-Rf/Ro) 3.916%

MDMT Calculations in the Knuckle Portion:

Govrn. thk, tg = 0.438 , tr = 0.251 , c = 0.1250 in. , E* = 1.00


Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.802, Temp. Reduction = 20 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66, Curve D -55 F

MDMT Calculations in the Head Straight Flange:

Govrn. thk, tg = 0.438 , tr = 0.252 , c = 0.1250 in. , E* = 1.00


Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.806, Temp. Reduction = 19 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66, Curve D -55 F

Cylindrical Shell From 20 To 30 SA516-60 , UCS-66 Crv. D at 275 F

Material UNS Number: K02100

Required Thickness due to Internal Pressure [tr]:


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (155.215*24.1250)/(15000.00*0.85-0.6*155.215)
= 0.2959 + 0.1250
= 0.4209 in.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 65


Software Verification
Max. Allowable Working Pressure at given Thickness, corroded [MAWP]:
Less Operating Hydrostatic Head Pressure of 5.215 psig
= (S*E*t)/(R+0.6*t) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (15000.00*0.85*0.3750)/(24.1250+0.6*0.3750)
= 196.355 - 5.215
= 191.140 psig

Maximum Allowable Pressure, New and Cold [MAPNC]:


= (S*E*t)/(R+0.6*t) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (15000.00*0.85*0.5000)/(24.0000+0.6*0.5000)
= 262.346 psig

Actual stress at given pressure and thickness, corroded [Sact]:


= (P*(R+0.6*t))/(E*t)
= (155.215*(24.1250+0.6*0.3750))/(0.85*0.3750)
= 11857.222 psi

Percent Elongation per UCS-79 (50*tnom/Rf)*(1-Rf/Ro) 1.031 %

Minimum Design Metal Temperature Results:

Govrn. thk, tg = 0.500, tr = 0.296, c = 0.1250 in., E* = 0.85


Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.671 , Temp. Reduction = 33 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66, Curve D -55 F

Elliptical Head From 30 To 40 SA516-60 , UCS-66 Crv. D at 275 F

Material UNS Number: K02100

Required Thickness due to Internal Pressure [tr]:


= (P*D*K)/(2*S*E-0.2*P) Appendix 1-4(c)
= (150.000*48.2500*1.000)/(2*15000.00*1.00-0.2*150.000)
= 0.2415 + 0.1250
= 0.3665 in.

Max. Allowable Working Pressure at given Thickness, corroded [MAWP]:


Less Operating Hydrostatic Head Pressure of 0.000 psig
= (2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t) per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= (2*15000.00*1.00*0.3125)/(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125)
= 194.049 - 0.000
= 194.049 psig

Maximum Allowable Pressure, New and Cold [MAPNC]:


= (2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t) per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= (2*15000.00*1.00*0.4375)/(1.000*48.0000+0.2*0.4375)
= 272.940 psig

Actual stress at given pressure and thickness, corroded [Sact]:


= (P*(K*D+0.2*t))/(2*E*t)
= (150.000*(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125))/(2*1.00*0.3125)
= 11595.000 psi

Straight Flange Required Thickness:


= (P*R)/(S*E-0.6*P) + c per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (150.000*24.1250)/(15000.00*1.00-0.6*150.000)+0.125
= 0.368 in.

Straight Flange Maximum Allowable Working Pressure:


Less Operating Hydrostatic Head Pressure of 0.000 psig
= (S*E*t)/(R+0.6*t) per UG-27 (c)(1)
= (15000.00 * 1.00 * 0.3125)/(24.1250 + 0.6 * 0.3125)
= 192.802 - 0.000
= 192.802 psig

Percent Elong. per UCS-79, VIII-1-01-57 (75*tnom/Rf)*(1-Rf/Ro) 3.916 %

MDMT Calculations in the Knuckle Portion:

Govrn. thk, tg = 0.438, tr = 0.241, c = 0.1250 in., E* = 1.00


Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.773 Temp. Reduction = 23 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66, Curve D -55 F

MDMT Calculations in the Head Straight Flange:

Govrn. thk, tg = 0.438 , tr = 0.243 , c = 0.1250 in. , E* = 1.00


Stress Ratio = tr * (E*)/(tg - c) = 0.777 , Temp. Reduction = 22 F

Min Metal Temp. w/o impact per UCS-66, Curve D -55 F

Heads and Shells Exempted to -20F (-29C) by paragraph UG-20F.

Hydrostatic Test Pressure Results:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 66


Software Verification
Pressure per UG99b = 1.5 * M.A.W.P. * Sa/S 281.286 psig
Pressure per UG99b[34] = 1.5 * Design Pres * Sa/S 225.000 psig
Pressure per UG99c = 1.5 * M.A.P. - Head(Hyd) 391.784 psig
Pressure per UG100 = 1.25 * M.A.W.P. * Sa/S 234.405 psig
Pressure per PED = 1.43 * MAWP 268.159 psig

UG-99(b), Test Pressure Calculation:


= Test Factor * MAWP * Stress Ratio
= 1.5 * 187.524 * 1.000
= 281.286 psig

Horizontal Test performed per: UG-99b

Please note that Nozzle, Shell, Head, Flange, etc. MAWPs are all considered when determining the hydrotest pressure for
those test types that are based on the MAWP of the vessel.

Stresses on Elements due to Hydrostatic Test Pressure:

From| To | Stress | Allowable | Ratio | Pressure |


10 | 20 | 15553.9| 22500.0 | 0.691 | 283.02 |
20 | 30 | 16182.1| 22500.0 | 0.719 | 283.02 |
30 | 40 | 15553.9| 22500.0 | 0.691 | 283.02 |

Elements Suitable for Internal Pressure

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

External Pressure Calculation Results:

ASME Code, Section VIII, Division 1, 1998 Code A-98 Addenda

Elliptical Head From 10 To 20 Ext. Chart: CS-2 at 300 F

Results for Maximum Allowable External Pressure (MAEP):


TCA OD D/t Factor A B
0.312 48.88 156.40 0.0008880 11829.65
EMAP = B/(K0*D/t) = 11829.6484/(0.9000 * 156.4000) = 84.0413 psig

Results for Required Thickness (Tca):


TCA OD D/t Factor A B
0.127 48.88 386.22 0.0003596 5214.29
EMAP = B/(K0*D/t) = 5214.2949/(0.9000 * 386.2246) = 15.0008 psig

Check the requirements of UG-33(a)(1) using P = 1.67 * External Design pressure for this head.

Material UNS Number: K02100

Required Thickness due to Internal Pressure [tr]:


= (P*D*K)/(2*S*E-0.2*P) Appendix 1-4(c)
= (25.050*48.2500*1.000)/(2*15000.00*1.00-0.2*25.050)
= 0.0403 + 0.1250 = 0.1653 in.

Max. Allowable Working Pressure at given Thickness, corroded [MAWP]:


= ((2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t))/1.67 per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= ((2*15000.00*1.00*0.3125)/(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125))/1.67
= 116.197 psig

Maximum Allowable External Pressure [MAEP]:


= min(MAEP, MAWP)
= min(84.04 , 116.1971)
= 84.041 psig

Thickness requirements per UG-33(a)(1) do not govern the required thickness of this head.

Cylindrical Shell From 20 To 30 External Chart: CS-2 at 300 F

Elastic Modulus from Chart: CS-2 at 300 F: 0.290E + 08 psi

Results for Maximum Allowable External Pressure (MAEP):


TCA OD SLEN D/t L/D Factor A B
0.375 49.00 176.00 130.67 3.5918 0.0002450 3552.49
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4 * 3552.4888)/(3* 130.6667) = 36.2499 psig

Results for Required Thickness (Tca):


TCA OD SLEN D/t L/D Factor A B
0.264 49.00 176.00 185.84 3.5918 0.0001442 2090.75
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4 * 2090.7546)/(3* 185.8376) = 15.0006 psig

Results for Maximum Stiffened Length (Slen):


TCA OD SLEN D/t L/D Factor A B
0.375 49.00 422.26 130.67 8.6175 0.0001015 1471.20
EMAP = (4*B)/(3*(D/t)) = (4 * 1471.2009)/(3* 130.6667) = 15.0123 psig

Elliptical Head From 30 To 40 Ext. Chart: CS-2 at 300 F

Elastic Modulus from Chart: CS-2 at 300F: 0.290E + 08 psi

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 67


Software Verification
Results for Maximum Allowable External Pressure (MAEP):
TCA OD D/t Factor A B
0.312 48.88 156.40 0.0008880 11829.65
EMAP = B/(K0*D/t) = 11829.6484/(0.9000 * 156.4000) = 84.0413 psig

Results for Required Thickness (Tca):


TCA OD D/t Factor A B
0.127 48.88 386.22 0.0003596 5214.29
EMAP = B/(K0*D/t) = 5214.2949/(0.9000 * 386.2246) = 15.0008 psig

Check the requirements of UG-33(a)(1) using P = 1.67 * External Design pressure for this head.

Material UNS Number: K02100

Required Thickness due to Internal Pressure [tr]:


= (P*D*K)/(2*S*E-0.2*P) Appendix 1-4(c)
= (25.050*48.2500*1.000)/(2*15000.00*1.00-0.2*25.050)
= 0.0403 + 0.1250 = 0.1653 in.

Max. Allowable Working Pressure at given Thickness, corroded [MAWP]:


= ((2*S*E*t)/(K*D+0.2*t))/1.67 per Appendix 1-4 (c)
= ((2*15000.00*1.00*0.3125)/(1.000*48.2500+0.2*0.3125))/1.67
= 116.197 psig

Maximum Allowable External Pressure [MAEP]:


= min(MAEP, MAWP)
= min(84.04 , 116.1971)
= 84.041 psig

Thickness requirements per UG-33(a)(1) do not govern the required thickness of this head.

External Pressure Calculations

| | Section | Outside | Corroded | Factor | Factor |


From| To | Length | Diameter | Thickness | A | B |
| | ft. | in. | in. | | psi |
-------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | No Calc | 48.8750 | 0.31250 | 0.00088804 | 11829.6 |
20 | 30 | 14.6667 | 49.0000 | 0.37500 | 0.00024500 | 3552.49 |
30 | 40 | No Calc | 48.8750 | 0.31250 | 0.00088804 | 11829.6 |

External Pressure Calculations

| | External | External | External | External |


From| To | Actual T. | Required T.| Des. Press.| M.A.W.P. |
| | in. | in. | psig | psig |
-----------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 0.43750 | 0.25155 | 15.0000 | 84.0413 |
20 | 30 | 0.50000 | 0.38867 | 15.0000 | 36.2499 |
30 | 40 | 0.43750 | 0.25155 | 15.0000 | 84.0413 |
Minimum 36.250

External Pressure Calculations

| | Actual Len. | Allow. Len. | Ring Inertia | Ring Inertia |


From| To | Bet. Stiff. | Bet. Stiff. | Required | Available |
| | ft. | ft. | in**4 | in**4 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | No Calc | No Calc | No Calc | No Calc |
20 | 30 | 14.6667 | 35.1881 | No Calc | No Calc |
30 | 40 | No Calc | No Calc | No Calc | No Calc |

Elements Suitable for External Pressure

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

RESULTS FOR LEGS: Operating Case Description: LEGS

Legs attached to: node 10

Section Properties: I Beam W4X13

USA AISC 1989 Steel Table

Overall Leg Length 3.167 ft.


Effective Leg Length Leglen 3.167 ft.
Distance Leg Up Side of Vessel 0.167 ft.
Number of Legs Nleg 4
Cross Sectional Area for W4X13 Aleg 3.830 sq.in
Section Inertia (strong axis) 11.300 in4
Section Inertia (weak axis) 3.860 in4
Section Modulus (strong axis) 5.460 in.3
Section Modulus (weak axis) 1.900 in.3
Radius of Gyration (strong axis) 1.720 in.
Radius of Gyration (weak axis) 1.000 in.

Leg Orientation - Weak Axis

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Software Verification
Overturning Moment at top of Legs 5525.9 ft.lb.
Total Weight Load at top of Legs W 14797.4 lb.
Total Shear force at top of Legs 804.0 lb.
Additional force in Leg due to Bracing Fadd 0.0 lb.
Occasional Load Factor Occfac 1.330
Effective Leg End Condition Factor k 1.500

The Legs are Not Cross Braced


The Leg Shear Force includes Wind and Seismic Effects

Maximum Shear at top of one Leg [Vleg]:


= (Max(Wind, Seismic) + Fadd) * (Imax/Itot)
= (804.0 + 0.0) * (11.3/30.32)
= 300.44 lb.

Axial Compression, Leg furthest from N.A. [Sma]


= ((W/Nleg)+(Mleg/(Nlegm*Rn)))/Aleg)
= ((14797/4) + (66310/(2 * 2.08)))/3.830)
= 1312.16 psi

Axial Compression, Leg closest to the N.A. [Sva]


= (W/Nleg)/Aleg
= (14797/4)/3.830
= 965.89 psi

Allowable Comp. for the Selected Leg (KL/r < Cc) [Sa]:
= Occfac * (1-(kl/r)²/(2*Cc²))*Fy/(5/3+3*(Kl/r)/(8*Cc)-(Kl/r³)/(8*Cc³)
= 1.33 * (1-( 57.01)²/(2 * 134.58²)) * 32150/(5/3+3*(57.01)/(8* 134.58)-(57.01³)/(8* 134.58³)
= 21433.56 psi

Bending at the Bottom of the Leg closest to the N.A. [S]:


= (Vleg * Leglen * 12/Smdwa)
= (300.44 * 3.17 * 12/1.90)
= 6009.50 psi

Allowable Bending Stress[Sb]:


= (0.6 * Fy * Occfac)
= (0.6 * 32150 * 1.33)
= 25655.70 psi

AISC Unity Check [Sc](must be < or = to 1.00):


= (Sma/Sa)+(0.85*S)/((1-Sma/Spex)*Sb)
= (1312/21434)+(0.85 *6009.499)/((1 -1312/62171) *25656)
= 0.2646

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Nozzle Calculation Summary:

Description | MAWP | Ext | APNC | UG45 | [tr] | Weld | Areas or


| psig | | psig | | Path | Stresses
-------------------------------------------------------------------
N3 4"S/120 | 187.52 | OK | ... | OK | 0.332 | OK | Passed
M-1(20"X-STG) | 191.14 | OK | ... | OK | 0.438 | OK | Passed
N6 3"S/160 | 191.14 | OK | ... | OK | 0.314 | OK | Passed
N1 8"S/80 | 192.80 | OK | ... | OK | 0.435 | OK | Passed
N2 6"S/80 | 157.16 | OK | ... | Failed | 0.432 | OK | Passed
N2 6"S/80 | 157.16 | OK | ... | Failed | 0.432 | OK | Passed
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Min. - Nozzles 157.16 N2 6"S/80
Min. Shell&Flgs 187.52 10 20 262.34

Computed Vessel M.A.W.P. 157.16 psig

Warning: A Nozzle Reinforcement is governing the MAWP of this Vessel.

Check the Spatial Relationship between the Nozzles

From | Node | Nozzle Description | Y Coordinate | Layout Angle | Dia. Limit


| 10 | N3 4"S/120 | 0.000 | 0.000 | 7.748
| 20 | M-1(20"X-STG) | 32.000 | 270.000 | 38.500
| 20 | N6 3"S/160 | 38.000 | 0.000 | 5.748
| 30 | N1 8"S/80 | 0.000 | 0.000 | 16.000
| 30 | N2 6"S/80 | 0.000 | 0.000 | 12.272

The nozzle spacing is computed by the following:


= Sqrt(ll² + lc²) where
ll - Arc length along the inside vessel surface in the long. direction
lc - Arc length along the inside vessel surface in the circ. direction
If any interferences/violations are found, they will be noted below.
No interference violations have been detected!

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 69


Software Verification

Problem 5 - Vertical Vessel with Wind and Seismic Loads


This sample problem is called t101 and tests the wind load and seismic calculations performed
by PV Elite. Math Cad was used to generate and test the programs wind generation routines, as
well as the seismic response and loads. The loads from PV Elite are in perfect agreement with
the Math Cad spreadsheet.

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Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data

Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 225.00 psig


Design Internal Temperature 350 F
Type of Hydrotest UG99-b Note 36
Hydrotest Position Vertical
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service Air/Water/Steam
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Miscellaneous Weight Percent 0.0
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) Y
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding N
Perform a Corroded Hydrotest N
Is this a Heat Exchanger N
User Defined Hydro. Press. (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EQ
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 100.00 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.05
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 0.0000 ft.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 33.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0100
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code UBC 94


UBC Seismic Zone (1=1,2=2a,3=2b,4=3,5=4) 5.000
UBC Importance Factor 1.250
UBC Soil Type S2
UBC Horizontal Force Factor 4.000
UBC Percent Seismic for Hydrotest 20.000

Design Nozzle for Des. Press. + St. Head Y


Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. N
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N

Material Database Year 1997

Configuration Directives:

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 No


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" No
Shell Head Joints are Tapered No
Compute "K" in corroded condition Yes
Use Code Case 2286 No
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT No
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D No

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 71


Software Verification
Element From Node 10
Element To Node 20
Element Type Skirt Sup.
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 12.000 ft.
Skirt Inside Diameter 120.00 in.
Diameter of Skirt at Base 120.00 in.
Skirt Thickness 0.6250 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 0 F
Design Temperature External Pressure 0 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Material Density 0.2830 lb./in3
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Head-to-Skirt or Circ. Seam 0.85
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 20
Element To Node 30
Element Type Elliptical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.2500 ft.
Inside Diameter 120.00 in.
Element Thickness 0.9375 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85
Elliptical Head Factor 2.0

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Liquid
Detail ID LIQUID 20
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist -2.5000 ft.
Height/Length of Liquid 2.7500 ft.
Liquid 56.160 b./ft³

Element From Node 20


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE F
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 32.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA516-70
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 30
Element To Node 40
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 12.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 120.00 in.
Element Thickness 0.9375 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 72


Software Verification
Element From Node 30
Detail Type Liquid
Detail ID LIQUID 30
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 ft.
Height/Length of Liquid 12.000 ft.
Liquid Density 56.160 lb./ft3

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Ring
Detail ID LARGE END
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 11.950 ft.
Stiffening Ring Moment of Inertia 1.4100 in4
Distance from Shell Surface to Centr 2.4370 in.
Stiffening Ring Cross Sectional Area 2.2100 in2
Material Name SA-36
Stiffening Ring Section Name WT3X7.5
Height of Section Ring 0.0000 in.
Using Custom Stiffener Section No

Element From Node 30


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE D
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 10.000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 20.000 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) Y
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-C
------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 40
Element To Node 50
Element Type Conical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 12.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 120.00 in.
Element Thickness 0.9375 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85
Cone Diameter at "To" End 72.000 in.
Design Length of Cone 144.00 in.
Half Apex Angle of Cone 9.4623213
Toriconical (Y/N) N

Element From Node 40


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE C
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 10.000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 20.000 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) Y
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-C
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 50
Element To Node 60
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 12.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 72.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.6250 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 73


Software Verification
Element From Node 50
Detail Type Ring
Detail ID SMALL END
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.09999 ft.
Stiffening Ring Moment of Inertia 0.7030 in4
Distance from Shell Surface to Centr 1.7830 in.
Stiffening Ring Cross Sectional Area 1.1900 in2
Material Name SA-36
Stiffening Ring Section Name L2.5X2.5X0.2500 [Hard Way]
Height of Section Ring 0.0000 in.
Using Custom Stiffener Section No

Element From Node 50


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE B
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 10.000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 20.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) Y
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-C
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 60
Element To Node 70
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 12.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 72.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.6250 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85

Element From Node 60


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE A
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 10.000 ft.
Nozzle Diameter 20.0 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) Y
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 0.0000 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Material Name SA106-C
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 70
Element To Node 80
Element Type Elliptical
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 0.2500 ft.
Inside Diameter 72.000 in.
Element Thickness 0.6250 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.1250 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 225.00 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 350 F
Design External Pressure 15.000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 350 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 0.85
Elliptical Head Factor 2.0

Element From Node 70


Detail Type Nozzle
Detail ID NOZZLE E
Dist. from "FROM" Node / Offset dist 0.0000 in.
Nozzle Diameter 18.000 in.
Nozzle Schedule 80
Nozzle Class 300
Layout Angle 0.0
Blind Flange (Y/N) N
Weight of Nozzle ( Used if > 0 ) 464.12 lb.
Grade of Attached Flange GR 1.1
Nozzle Matl SA106-C

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 74


Software Verification

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Wind Analysis Results

User Entered Importance Factor is 1.050


ASCE-7 Gust Factor (Gh, Gbar) Dynamic 1.224
ASCE-7 Shape Factor (Cf) for the Vessel is 0.604
User Entered Basic Wind Speed 100.0 mile/hr
Exposure Category C
Table Lookup Value Alpha from Table C6 7.0000
Table Lookup Value Zg from Table C6 900.0000
Table Lookup Value Do from Table C6 0.0050

Wind Load Results per ASCE-7 93:

Sample Calculation for the First Element:

Roughness Factor = 1.000

Values [cf1] and [cf2]


Because RoughFact = 1 and DQZ > 2.5 and H/D > 7.0
Interpolating to find the final cf:
Because H / D < 25.0
CF = CF1 + (CF2-CF1) * (H/D - 7.0)/(25.0 - 7.0)
= 0.600 + (0.700 -0.600) * (7.756 - 7.0)/(25.0 - 7.0)
= 0.604

Value of Alpha, Zg is taken from Table C6-2 [Alpha, Zg]


For Exposure Category C:
Alpha = 7.000, Zg = 900.000 ft.

Height of Interest for First Element [z]


= Centroid Hgt + Base Height
= 6.000 + 0.000
= 6.000 ft.
but: z = Max(15.000 , 6.000) = 15.000 ft.

Because z < 15 feet, use 15 feet to compute kz.

Velocity Pressure Coefficient [kZ]:


= 2.58(z/zg)^(2/Alpha): z is Elevation of First Element
= 2.58(15.000/900)^(2/7.0)
= 0.801

Determine if Static or Dynamic Gust Factor Applies

Height to Diameter ratio:


= Maximum Height(length)^2/Sum of Area of the Elements
= 62.052(^2)/496.467
= 7.756

Vibration Frequency = 9.076 Hz


Because H/D > 5 Or Frequency < 1.0: Dynamic Analysis Implemented

Element O/Dia = 3 ft.


Vibration Damping Factor (Operating) Beta = 0.01000
For Terrain Category C
S = 1.000, Gamma = 0.230, Drag Coeff. = 0.005, Alpha = 7.000

Compute [fbar]
= 10.5 * Frequency(Hz) * Vessel Height(ft)/(S * Vr(mph))
= 10.5 * 9.076 (Hz) * 62.052 (ft)/S * 1.000 (mph)
= 59.134

Because FBAR > 40: FBAR = 40.000


Wind Pressure - (performed in Imperial Units) [qz]
Importance Factor: I = 1.050
Wind Speed = 100.000 mile/hr
qz = 0.00256 * kZ * (I * Vr)²
= 0.00256 * 0.801 *(1.050 * 100.000)² = 22.605 psf

Force on the First Element [Fz]


= qz * Gh * CF * Wind Area
= 22.605 * 1.224 * 0.604 * 20952.000
= 2433.031 lb.

Element | z | GH | Area | qz | Force


| ft. | | in² | psf | lb.
------------------------------------------------------
Node 10 to 20 | 6.0 | 1.224 | 20952.0 | 22.6 | 2433.0
Node 20 to 30 | 12.1 | 1.224 | 438.8 | 22.6 | 50.9
Node 30 to 40 | 18.2 | 1.224 | 21060.0 | 23.9 | 2586.5
Node 40 to 50 | 29.8 | 1.224 | 16912.8 | 27.5 | 2388.4
Node 50 to 60 | 42.2 | 1.224 | 12657.6 | 30.4 | 1975.9
Node 60 to 70 | 54.2 | 1.224 | 12657.6 | 32.6 | 2122.2
Node 70 to 80 | 61.0 | 1.224 | 1549.5 | 33.8 | 268.7

Wind Vibration Calculations

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 75


Software Verification

This evaluation is based on work by Kanti Mahajan and Ed Zorilla.

Nomenclature

Cf - Correction factor for natural frequency


D - Average internal diameter of vessel ft.
Df - Damping Factor < 0.75 Unstable, > 0.95 Stable
Dr - Average internal diameter of top half of vessel ft.
f - Natural frequency of vibration (Hertz)
f1 - Natural frequency of bare vessel based on a unit value of (D/L²)(10^4)
L - Total height of structure ft.
Lc - Total length of conical section(s) of vessel ft.
tb - Uncorroded plate thickness at bottom of vessel in.
V30 - Design Wind Speed provided by user mile/hr
Vc - Critical wind velocity mile/hr
Vw - Maximum wind speed at top of structure mile/hr
W - Total corroded weight of structure lb.
Ws - Cor. vessel weight excl. weight of parts which do not effect stiff. lb
Z - Maximum amplitude of vibration at top of vessel in.
Dl - Logarithmic decrement (taken as 0.03 for Welded Structures)
Vp - Vib. Chance, <= 0.200E + 02 (High); 0.200E + 02 < 0.250E + 02 (Probable)
P30 - Wind pressure 30 feet above the base

Check other Conditions and Basic Assumptions:


#1 - Total Cone Length / Total Length < 0.5
12.000/60.500 = 0.198

#2 - (D / L²) * 10^(4) < 8.0 (English Units)


- (8.13/60.50²) * 10^(4) = 22.198 [Geometry Violation]

Compute the vibration possibility. If Vp > 0.250E+02 no chance. [Vp]:


= W/(L * Dr2)
= 118357/(60.50 * 6.4182)
= 0.47501E+02

Since Vp is > 0.25.0E+02 no further vibration analysis is required!

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Ope...) is 9.07597 Hz.

Wind Load Calculation

| | Wind | Wind | Wind | Height | Element |


From| To | Height | Diameter | Area | Factor | Wind Load |
| | ft. | ft. | in2 | psf | lb. |
----------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 6.00000 | 12.1250 | 20952.0 | 22.6045 | 2433.03 |
20 | 30 | 12.1250 | 12.1875 | 438.750 | 22.6045 | 50.9494 |
30 | 40 | 18.2500 | 12.1875 | 21060.0 | 23.9073 | 2586.52 |
40 | 50 | 29.7500 | 9.78750 | 16912.8 | 27.4894 | 2388.40 |
50 | 60 | 42.2500 | 7.32500 | 12657.6 | 30.3872 | 1975.92 |
60 | 70 | 54.2500 | 7.32500 | 12657.6 | 32.6371 | 2122.22 |
70 | 80 | 61.0253 | 7.32500 | 1549.50 | 33.7532 | 268.680 |

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Earthquake Analysis Results

The UBC Zone Factor for the Vessel is .............0.4000


The Importance Factor as Specified by the User is .1.250
The UBC Frequency and Soil Factor (C) is .........2.750
The UBC Force Factor as Specified by the User is ..4.000
The UBC Total Weight (W) for the Vessel is ........125054.1 lb.
The UBC Total Shear (V) for the Vessel is .........42987.4 lb.
The UBC Top Shear (Ft) for the Vessel is ..........0.0 lb.

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Ope...) is 9.07597 Hz.

Earthquake Load Calculation

| | Earthquake | Earthquake | Element | Element |


From| To | Height | Weight | Ope Load | Emp Load |
| | ft. | lb. | lb. | lb. |
----------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 6.00000 | 12680.1 | 1218.96 | 1031.34 |
20 | 30 | 12.1250 | 14877.2 | 2890.13 | 1055.74 |
30 | 40 | 18.2500 | 68868.2 | 20137.0 | 3943.11 |
40 | 50 | 30.2500 | 12875.0 | 6240.04 | 5279.57 |
50 | 60 | 42.2500 | 7066.56 | 4783.54 | 4047.25 |
60 | 70 | 54.2500 | 6985.29 | 6071.53 | 5137.00 |
70 | 80 | 60.3750 | 1701.74 | 1646.13 | 1392.75 |
Top Load 62.00 0 0

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

The following table is for the Operating Case.

Wind/Earthquake Shear, Bending

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 76


Software Verification
| | Distance to | Cumulative | Earthquake | Wind | Earthquake |
From| To | Support | Wind Shear | Shear | Bending | Bending |
| | ft. | lb. | lb. | ft.lb. | ft.lb. |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 | 20 | 6.00000 | 11825.7 | 42987.4 | 349678. | 1.231E+06 |
20 | 30 | 12.1250 | 9392.69 | 41768.4 | 222368. | 722025. |
30 | 40 | 18.2500 | 9341.74 | 38878.3 | 220026. | 711944. |
40 | 50 | 30.2500 | 6755.22 | 18741.2 | 123444. | 366227. |
50 | 60 | 42.2500 | 4366.82 | 12501.2 | 56712.1 | 178772. |
60 | 70 | 54.2500 | 2390.90 | 7717.66 | 16165.8 | 57459.1 |
70 | 80 | 60.3750 | 268.680 | 1646.13 | 208.320 | 1276.32 |

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Conical Reinforcement Calculations, ASME VIII Div. 1, App. 1

Conical Section From 40 To 50 SA516-70

Elastic Modulus Data from ASME Section II Part D at 350 F

Elastic Modulus for Cone Material 0.281E + 08 at 350 F


Elastic Modulus for Small Cylinder Material 0.281E + 08 at 350 F
Elastic Modulus for Large Cylinder Material 0.281E + 08 at 350 F
Elastic Modulus for Large End Reinforcement 0.281E + 08 at 350 F
Elastic Modulus for Small End Reinforcement 0.281E + 08 at 350 F

Axial Force on Small End of Cone 15753.59 lb.


Axial Force on Large End of Cone 28628.61 lb.
Moment on Small End of Cone 187572.02 ft.lb.
Moment on Large End of Cone 381222.91 ft.lb.

Both ends of the Cone are Lines of Support.

Maximum Centroid Reinforcement Distance Large End 1.7591 in.


Maximum Centroid Reinforcement Distance Small End 1.0698 in.

No ring was found close enough to the small end to be considered.

Reinforcement Calculations for Cone/Large Cylinder:

Required Area of Reinforcement for Large End Under Internal Pressure


Large end ratio of pressure to allowable stress 0.01286
Large end max. half apex angle w/o reinforcement 30.000 degrees
Large end actual half apex angle 9.462 degrees

Required Area of Reinforcement for Large End Under External Pressure


Large end ratio of pressure to allowable stress 0.00086
Large end max. half apex angle w/o reinforcement 2.143 degrees
Large end actual half apex angle 9.462 degrees

Intermediate Value [k]:


= max(Y/(Srl * Erl), 1)
= max(.49175E+12/(14500.0 * 28099998), 1)
= 1.2069

where [Y] is:


= Large End All. Stress * Large End Elastic Modulus (Ext. temp.)
= 17500.0 * 28099998
= 491749965824.0 psi^2

Allowable Stress of Large End Material (Ext. Temp) 17500.0 psi


Allowable Stress of Cone Material (Ext. Temp) 17500.0 psi

Area of Reinforcement Required in Large End Shell [Arl]:


= (k*Ql*Rl*tan(angle)/(Ss*E1))*(1-0.25*((P*Rl-Ql)/Ql)*(delta/alpha)
= (1.2069*930.6255*60.9375*0.167/(17500*1.00)) * (1-.25*((15.00*60.938-930.626)/930.626) * (2.143/9.462)
= 0.6525 in2

Area of Reinforcement Available in Large End Shell [Ael]:


= .55*(Dl*ts)^.5 * (ts + tc/Cos(alpha))
= .55 * (121.875 * 0.812)^.5 * (0.812 + 0.812/ 0.986)
= 8.9551 in2

Summary of Reinforcement Area, Large End, External Pressure:


Area of reinforcement required per App. 1-8(1) 0.6525 in2
Area of reinforcement in shell per App. 1-8(2) 8.9551 in2
Area of reinforcement in stiffening ring 2.2100 in2

Intermediate Results, Large End, External Pressure


Area Available in Cone, Shell, and Reinforcement 125.08 in2
Force per Unit Length on Shell / Cone Junction 2342.39 lb./in.
Actual Buckling Stress associated with this Force 1711.84 psi
Material Strain associated with this stress 0.000122

Required Moment of Inertia, Large End, External Pressure [I's]:


= A * Dl2 * Atl/10.9
= 0.000122 * 121.8750 * 121.8750 * 125.08/10.9
= 20.77 in.4

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 77


Software Verification

Available Moment of Inertia, Large End, External Pressure:


| Area | Centroid | Ar*Ce | Dist | I | Ar*Di² |
Shl | 4.447 | 0.0000 | 0.000 | 0.3786 | 0.245 | 0.638 |
Con | 4.508 | -0.4561 |-2.056 | 0.8347 | 0.567 | 3.141 |
Sec | 2.210 | 2.8433 | 6.284 |-2.4646 | 1.410 | 13.424 |
TOT | 11.165 | | 4.227 | | 2.222 | 17.203 |
Centroid of Section 0.3786 Moment of Inertia 19.43

Summary of Large End Inertia Calculations


Available Moment of Inertia (Large End) * LOW * 19.425 in**4
Required Moment of Inertia (Large End) 20.766 in**4
Shape Name to Satisfy Area and Inertia Reqmts L4X4X0.7500

Reinforcement Calculations for Cone/Small Cylinder

Required Area of Reinforcement for Small End under Internal Pressure


Small end ratio of pressure to allowable stress 0.01286
Small end max. half apex angle w/o reinforcement 10.000 degrees
Small end actual half apex angle 9.462 degrees

Required Area of Reinforcement for Small End under External Pressure

Allowable Stress of Small End Material (Ext. Temp) 17500.0 psi


Allowable Stress of Cone Material (Ext. Temp) 17500.0 psi

Intermediate Value [k]:


= max(Y/(Srs * Ers), 1)
= max(.49175E+12/(17500.0 * 28099998), 1)
= 1.0000

where [Y] is:


= Small End All. Stress * Small End Elastic Modulus (Ext. temp.)
= 17500.0 * 28099998
= 491749965824.0 psi^2

Area of Reinforcement Required in Small End Shell [Ars]:


= k * Qs * Rs * tan(alpha)/(Ss * E1)
= (1.0000*887.0936*36.6250*0.1667/(17500*1.00))
= 0.3094 in2

Area of Reinforcement Available in Small End Shell [Aes]


= .55*(Ds*ts)½*[(ts-t)+(tc-tr)/cos(alpha))]
= .55*(73.250*0.500)½*[(0.500-0.416)+(0.812-0.071)/0.986)]
= 2.7825 in²

Summary of Reinforcement Area, Small End, External Pressure:


Area of reinforcement required per App. 1-8(3) 0.3094 in²
Area of reinforcement in shell per App. 1-8(4) 2.7825 in²
Area of reinforcement in stiffening ring 0.0000 in²

Intermediate Results, Small End, External Pressure:


Area Available in Cone, Shell, and Reinforcement 133.28 in2
Force per Unit Length on Shell / Cone Junction 3336.18 lb./in.
Actual Buckling Stress associated with this Force 1375.18 psi
Material Strain associated with this stress 0.000098

Required Moment of Inertia, Small End, External Pressure [I's]:


= A * Ds2 * Ats/10.9
= 0.000098 * 73.2500 * 73.2500 * 133.28/10.9
= 6.42 in.4

Available Moment of Inertia, Small End, External Pressure:


| Area | Centroid | Ar*Ce | Dist | I | Ar*Di² |
Shl | 1.664 | 0.0000 | 0.000 | 0.1726 | 0.035 | 0.050 |
Con | 2.742 | 0.2774 | 0.760 | -0.1048 | 0.225 | 0.030 |
Sec | 0.000 | 0.2500 | 0.000 | -0.0774 | 0.000 | 0.000 |
TOT | 4.406 | | 0.760 | 0.260 | 0.080 |
Centroid of Section 0.1726 Moment of Inertia 0.34

Summary of Small End Inertia Calculations


Available Moment of Inertia (Small End) *LOW* 0.340 in**4
Required Moment of Inertia (Small End) 6.421 in**4
Shape Name to Satisfy Area and Inertia Reqmts L4X4X0.3750

The following calculations are only required per 1-5(g)(1) and do include external loads due to wind or seismic.
These discontinuity stresses are computed at the shell/cone junction and do not include effects of local stiffening from
a junction ring.

Results for Discontinuity Stresses per Bednar p. 236 2nd Edition

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 78


Software Verification
Stress Type | Stress | Allowable | Location
--------------------------------------------------------------
Tensile Stress | 24142.27 | 59500.00 | Small Cyl. Long.
Compres. Stress | -5908.19 | -59500.00 | Small Cyl. Long.
Membrane Stress | 22376.42 | 22312.50 | Small End Tang.
Tensile Stress | 11390.40 | 59500.00 | Cone Longitudinal
Compres. Stress | 0.00 | -59500.00 | Cone Longitudinal *
Tensile Stress | 16219.89 | 22312.50 | Cone Tangential
Tensile Stress | 23466.45 | 59500.00 | Large Cyl. Long.
Compres. Stress | -5910.10 | -59500.00 | Large Cyl. Long.
Membrane Stress | 9578.35 | -22312.50 | Large End Tang.
Tensile Stress | 23587.52 | 59500.00 | Cone Longitudinal
Compres. Stress | -5789.89 | -59500.00 | Cone Longitudinal
Compres Stress | 9809.57 | -22312.50 | Cone Tangential

An asterisk (*) denotes that this stress was not applicable for this combination of loads.

Cone Large End Not Adequately Reinforced!


Cone Small End Not Adequately Reinforced!

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Problem 6 - Comparison against CAESAR II


This example tests the forces and moments as well as the support reactions for a vertical vessel
mounted on lug supports. The load on the vessel was a 1 g load applied in the "x" direction. The
results between the two programs are perfect.

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 79


Software Verification

PV Elite® Vessel Analysis Program: Input Data

Design Internal Pressure (for Hydrotest) 100.00 psig


Design Internal Temperature 200 F
Type of Hydrotest UG99-b
Hydrotest Position Horizontal
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Top 0.0000 in.
Projection of Nozzle from Vessel Bottom 0.0000 in.
Minimum Design Metal Temperature -20 F
Type of Construction Welded
Special Service None
Degree of Radiography RT 1
Miscellaneous Weight Percent 0.0
Use Higher Longitudinal Stresses (Flag) Y
Select t for Internal Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for External Pressure (Flag) N
Select t for Axial Stress (Flag) N
Select Location for Stiff. Rings (Flag) N
Consider Vortex Shedding
Is this a Heat Exchanger Y
User Defined Hydro. Press. (Used if > 0) 0.0000 psig
User defined MAWP 0.0000 psig
User defined MAPnc 0.0000 psig

Load Case 1 NP+EW+WI+BW


Load Case 2 NP+EW+EQ+BS
Load Case 3 NP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 4 NP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 5 NP+HW+HI
Load Case 6 NP+HW+HE
Load Case 7 IP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 8 IP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 9 EP+OW+WI+BW
Load Case 10 EP+OW+EQ+BS
Load Case 11 HP+HW+HI
Load Case 12 HP+HW+HE

Wind Design Code ASCE-7 93


Basic Wind Speed [V] 70.000 mile/hr
Surface Roughness Category C: Open Terrain
Importance Factor 1.0
Type of Surface Moderately Smooth
Base Elevation 0.0000 ft.
Percent Wind for Hydrotest 33.0
Using User defined Wind Press. Vs Elev. N
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Ope) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Empty) 0.0000
Damping Factor (Beta) for Wind (Filled) 0.0000

Seismic Design Code ASCE-7 93


Seismic Coefficient Cc 1.000
Performance Factor 1.000
Amplification Factor 1.000
Seismic Coefficient Av 1.000

Design Nozzle for M.A.W.P. + Static Head Y


Consider MAP New and Cold in Noz. Design
Consider External Loads for Nozzle Des. N
Use ASME VIII-1 Appendix 1-9 N

Material Database Year 1999

Configuration Directives:

Do not use Nozzle MDMT Interpretation VIII-1 01-37 No


Use Table G instead of exact equation for "A" No
Shell Head Joints are Tapered No
Compute "K" in corroded condition No
Use Code Case 2286 No
Use the MAWP to compute the MDMT No
Using Metric Material Databases, ASME II D No

Complete Listing of Vessel Elements and Details:

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 80


Software Verification
Element From Node 10
Element To Node 25
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 10.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 23.250 in.
Element Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 70 F
Design External Pressure 5.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 70 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Allowable Stress, Ambient 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Operating 17500. psi
Allowable Stress, Hydrotest 26250. psi
Density of Material 0.2830 lb./cu.in.
P Number Thickness 1.2500 in.
UCS-66 Chart Curve Designation B
External Pressure Chart Name CS-2
UNS Number K02700
Product Form Plate
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 25
Element To Node 30
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 10.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 23.250 in.
Element Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 70 F
Design External Pressure 5.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 70 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 30
Element To Node 40
Element Type Skirt Sup.
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 5.0000 ft.
Skirt Inside Diameter 23.250 in.
Diameter of Skirt at Base 23.250 in.
Skirt Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 70 F
Design Temperature External Pressure 70 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Head-to-Skirt or Circ. Seam 1.0
------------------------------------------------------------------
Element From Node 40
Element To Node 50
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 10.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 23.250 in.
Element Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 70 F
Design External Pressure 5.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 70 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, Circumferential Seam 1.0
------------------------------------------------------------------

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 81


Software Verification
Element From Node 50
Element To Node 60
Element Type Cylinder
Description
Distance "FROM" to "TO" 10.000 ft.
Inside Diameter 23.250 in.
Element Thickness 0.3750 in.
Internal Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Nominal Thickness 0.0000 in.
External Corrosion Allowance 0.0000 in.
Design Internal Pressure 10.000 psig
Design Temperature Internal Pressure 70 F
Design External Pressure 5.0000 psig
Design Temperature External Pressure 70 F
Effective Diameter Multiplier 1.2
Material Name SA516-70
Efficiency, Longitudinal Seam 1.0
Efficiency, circumferential Seam 1.0

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Earthquake Analysis Results

The ASCE-7 93 Factor Ac is .......................... 1.000


The ASCE-7 93 Factor Av is .......................... 1.000
The ASCE-7 93 Factor Cc is .......................... 1.000
The ASCE-7 93 Factor P is .......................... 1.000
The Element Mass Multiplier (Ac * Av * Cc * P) is . 1.000

The Natural Frequency for the Vessel (Ope...) is 4.43804 Hz.

Earthquake Load Calculation


| | Earthquake | Earthquake | Element | Element |
From| To | Height | Weight | Ope Load | Emp Load |
| | ft. | lb. | lb. | lb. |
----------------------------------------------------------
10 | 25 | 5.00000 | 945.193 | 945.193 | 945.193 |
25 | 30 | 15.0000 | 945.193 | 945.193 | 945.193 |
30 | 40 | 22.5000 | 472.597 | 472.597 | 472.597 |
40 | 50 | 25.0000 | 945.193 | 945.193 | 945.193 |
50 | 60 | 35.0000 | 945.193 | 945.193 | 945.193 |

PV Elite® is a trademark of Intergraph CADWorx & Analysis Solutions, Inc. 2018

Problem 7a - ASME Section VIII Division 1 Sample


Comparisons
These are example problems that compare PV Elite 2018 against ASME PTB-4-2013.
Discrepancies are noted below the table. The ASME PTB-4-2013 results are per the 2013
edition of ASME VIII-1.
Problem E3.2 - MDMT Stress Reduction

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

tn, in. 1.81250 1.8125

MDMT (per UCS 66) -7º F -7º F

MDMT (per UCS 66.1) -27º F -27º F

Problem E4.1.2 - Required Wall Thickness of a Hemispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

t, required, in. 2.15500 2.155

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 82


Software Verification

Problem E4.2.1 - Nondestructive Examination Requirement for Vessel Design

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

t, required (Full RT 1.24131 1.2413


Examination), in.

t, required (Spot RT 1.44348 1.4435


Examination), in.

t, required (Full RT 1.23707 1.2371


Examination) (Div 2 with
Div 1 allowables), in.

t, required (Spot RT 1.43753 1.4375


Examination) (Div 2 with
Div 1 allowables), in.

Problem E4.2.2 - Nozzle Detail and Weld Sizing

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

ts, corroded, in. 0.500 0.500

Problem E4.2.3 - Nozzle Detail with Reinforcement Pad and Weld Sizing

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

tw, repad (Div 1), in. 0.2651 0.2625

tw, vessel (Div 1), in. 0.2651 0.2625

Problem E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

R, in. 45.1250 45.125

t, required, in. 0.9369 0.9369

t, required (Div 2 with 0.9354 0.9354


Div 1 allowables), in.

Problem E4.3.2 - Conical Shell

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 83


Software Verification

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

alpha, degrees 21.037512 21.0375

t, req., large end, in. 1.5734 1.5732

t, req. large end, (Div 2 1.5705 1.5705


with Div 1 allowables),
in.

Problem E4.3.3 - Spherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

t, req., in. 3.7264 3.7264

t, req. (Div 2 with Div 1 3.7824 3.7824


allowables), in.

Problem E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

M, corroded 1.7509 1.7509

MAWP, psi 135.305 135.3023

Problem E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

MAWP, psi 442.233 442.2333

Problem E4.3.6 - Combined Loadings and Allowable Stresses

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

sigma1, psi 14650.289 14650.29

Problem E4.3.7 - Cone Transitions without a Knuckle

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 84


Software Verification

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

tr, large end, in. 1.5734 1.5732

Aes, in2 6.2773 6.2772

Problem E4.3.8 - Cone Transitions with a Knuckle

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

L, in. 67.7397 67.7350

Problem E4.4.1 - Cylindrical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

A 0.00019044 0.00019

B 2697.62 2700

Pa, psi 38.9899 39.0

Problem E4.4.2 - Conical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

A 0.0041491 0.0045

B 15644.77 17000

Pa, psi 228.9181 249.6

Problem E4.4.3 - Spherical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

A 0.0045473 0.00455

B 16161.95 15700

Pa, psi 587.9448 571.1

Problem E4.4.4 - Torispherical Head

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 85


Software Verification

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

A 0.0008606 0.00086

B 8206.21 8100

Pa, psi 56.4971 55.8

Problem E4.4.5 - Elliptical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

A 0.0015056 0.00151

B 14051.52 13800

Pa, psi 169.2445 166.2

Problem E4.5.1 - Radial Nozzle in Cylindrical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

Reff, (Div 2 with Div 1 75.125 75.125


allowables), in.

AT, in. 2 (Div 2 with Div 55.227 55.2269


1 allowables), in.

Problem E4.5.2 - Hillside Nozzle in Cylindrical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

Reff, (Div 2 with Div 1 75.125 75.125


allowables), in.

AT, in. 2 (Div 2 with Div 21.003 21.4357


1 allowables), in

PL (Div 2 with Div 1 19114.84 19114.7819


allowables), psi

Pmax (Div 2 with Div 1 444.28 444.28


allowables), psi

Problem E4.5.3 - Radial Nozzle in Ellipsoidal Head

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 86


Software Verification

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-4-2013

Reff, (Div 2 with Div 1 80.926 80.9262


allowables), in.

AT, in. 2 (Div 2 with Div 14.848 14.8840


1 allowables), in.

PL (Div 2 with Div 1 16551.600 16551.5385


allowables), psi

Pmax (Div 2 with Div 1 430.170 430.1715


allowables), psi

Problem 7b - ASME Section VIII Division 2 Sample


Comparisons
These are example problems that compare PV Elite 2017 against ASME PTB-3-2013.
Discrepancies are noted below the table. The ASME PTB-3-2013 results are per the 2013
edition of ASME VIII-2.
Problem E3.2 - MDMT Stress Reduction

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

tn, in. 1.81250 1.8125

MDMT (from Figure 3.8), -19 -19.1


ºF

D, in. 150.250 150.25

tr, in. 1.2035 1.2035

Rts 0.713 0.7132

Tr, º F 29 28.3

MDMT (final), º F -47 -47.4

Problem E4.3.1 - Cylindrical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

D, in. 90.250 90.25

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 87


Software Verification

tr, in. 0.7229 0.7229

tr + c, in. 0.84789 0.8479

Problem E4.3.2 - Conical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Dc, in. 150.250 150.25

a, º F 21.038 21.0375

tr, in. 1.2894 1.2894

tr + c , in. 1.41444 1.4144

Problem E4.3.3 - Spherical Shell

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

tr, in. 2.72979 2.7298

Problem E4.3.4 - Torispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAWP, psi 132.954 133.0

Problem E4.3.5 - Elliptical Head MAWP

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAWP, psi 548.8514 548.9

Problem E4.3.6 - Combined Load Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

sigmae, psi 12661.86 12659.9

sigmae-, psi 12670.1

SE, psi 22400 22400

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 88


Software Verification

Problem E4.3.7 - Cone Junction Analysis

Part of Vessel Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Large End Cylinder Sigma_sm+, psi 7959.090 7980.4807

Sigma_sm-, psi 7596.053 7619.1179

Sigma_sb+, psi -22778.215 -22838.7994

Sigma_sb-, psi -21708.129 -21773.7909

Sigma_theta_m+, 3292.042 3258.6385


psi

Sigma_theta_m-, psi 3851.882 3815.6850

Sigma_theta_b+, psi -6833.464 -6851.6398

Sigma_theta_b-, psi -6512.439 -6532.1373

Sigma_sm_allow, 33600 33600


psi

Sigma_theta_m_allo 33600 33600


w, psi

Sps, psi 67200 67200

Large End Cone Sigma_sm+, psi 7405.3750 7425.2564

Sigma_sm-, psi 7067.5142 7088.54

Sigma_sb+, psi -19744.730 -19797.2470

Sigma_sb-, psi -18817.154 -18874.0708

Sigma_theata_m+, 2898.27 2862.3082


psi

Sigma_theta_m-, psi 3468.82 3430.4012

Sigma_theta_b+, psi -5923.419 -5939.1741

Sigma_theta_b-, psi -5645.146 -5662.2213

Sigma_sm_allow, 33600 33600


psi

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 89


Software Verification

Sigma_theta_m_allo 33600 33600


w, psi

Sps, psi 67200 67200

Small End Junction Sigma_sm+, psi 8430.7002 8429.1122

Sigma_sm-, psi 7086.0317 7084.4440

Sigma_sb+, psi 20836.1445 20829.6666

Sigma_sb-, psi 16940.1230 16934.4318

Sigma_theta_m+, 22507.0176 22500.7769


psi

Sigma_theta_m-, psi 20907.2129 20900.5790

Sigma_theta_b+, psi 6250.8438 6248.8999

Sigma_theta_b-, psi 5082.0371 5080.3295

Sigma_sm_allow, 33600 33600


psi

Sigma_theta_m_allo 33600 33600


w, psi

Sps, psi 67200 67200

Small End Cone Sigma_sm+, psi 4546.8232 4545.9648

Sigma_sm-, psi 3811.4351 3810.5711

Sigma_sb+, psi 6342.5127 6340.5406

Sigma_sb-, psi 5156.5654 5154.8330

Sigma_theta_m+, 21084.584 21078.7172


psi

Sigma_theta_m-, psi 19684.229 19678.6968

Sigma_theta_b+, psi 1902.7539 1902.1622

Sigma_theta_b-, psi 1546.9697 1546.4499

Sigma_sm_allow, 33600 33600


psi

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Sigma_theta_m_allo 33600 33600


w, psi

Sps, psi 67200 67200

Problem E4.4.1 - External Pressure Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAEP, psi 48.9054 48.9

Problem E4.4.2 - External Pressure Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAEP, psi 544.787 551.5

Problem E4.4.3 - Spherical Shell and Hemispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAEP, psi 1554.089 1554.1

Problem E4.4.4 - Torispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAEP, psi 94.3829 94.4

Problem E4.4.5 - Spherical Shell and Hemispherical Head

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAEP*, psi 248.214 240.7

*PV Elite computes Ko based on the outside elliptical aspect ratio.

Problem E4.4.6 - Combined Loads and Allowable Compressive Stresses

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Fxa, psi 19707.26 20155.9688

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Problem E4.5.1 - Radial Nozzle Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAWP, psi 497.594 497.5936

PL, psi 16025.90 16025.9281

S allow, psi 33600 33600

Problem E4.5.2 - Nozzle Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAWP, psi 497.5945 497.5936

PL, psi 19839.51 19839.7689

S allow, psi 33600 33600

Problem E4.5.3 - Nozzle Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

MAWP, psi 481.790 481.7921

PL, psi 17375.62 17375.4443

S allow, psi 33600 33600

Problem E4.6.1 - Blind Flange, required thickness

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

tr, in. 1.65227 1.6523

Problem E4.6.2 - Welded Flat, head required thickness

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

tr, in. 0.69475 0.6947

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Problem E4.15.1 - Horizontal Vessel Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

M1*, in.-lbs. -343345.4 -356913.7

M2*, in.-lbs. 1438749.0 1414775.7

T, lbf 33944.7 33746.5

K1 0.1114 0.1114

K*1 0.2003 0.2003

K2 1.1229 1.1229

K5 0.7492 0.7492

K6 = K7 0.0504 0.0504

Sigma1, psi 11224.55 11227.2

Sigma2, psi 11544.36 11541.7

Sigma*3, psi 11726.94 11740.5

Sigma*4, psi 11193.97 11186.4

* M1 and M2 are based on the head depth, h, per equation 4.15.3 and 4.15.4, respectively. In
PV Elite, this measurement is taken from the inside length, which is where hydraulic pressure is
measured. PTB-3-2013 measures the head depth from the outside length. ASME Section VIII,
Div. 2 does not specify a preference.
Problem E.4.15.2 - Skirt Analysis

Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

S compressive, psi 2804.018 2803.8538

Fxa, psi 15144.14 15143.9007

Problem E4.16.1 - Flange Analysis

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Condition Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Operating Sh, psi 17777.62 17777.9

Sr, psi 6160.27 6155.4

St, psi 5525.21 5547.0

Sh_allow, psi 26700 26700

Sr_allow, psi 17800 17800

St_allow, psi 17800 17800

J 0.832 0.8313

Gasket Sh, psi 17889.26 17888.8


Seating
Sr, psi 6198.96 6193.8

St, psi 5559.90 5581.5

Sh_allow, psi 36000 36000

Sr_allow, psi 24000 24000

St_allow, psi 24000 24000

J 0.740 0.7398

Problem E4.16.2 - Loose Flange Analysis

Condition Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Operating Sh, psi 3883.79 3622.9

Sr, psi 4102.85 4096.9

St, psi 17232.21 17248.4

Sh_allow, psi 26700 26700

Sr_allow, psi 17800 17800

St_allow, psi 17800 17800

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J 1.637 1.6427

Gasket Sh, psi 5325.69 4968.0


Seating
Sr, psi 5626.09 5617.9

St, psi 23629.89 23652.3

Sh_allow, psi 36000 36000

Sr_allow, psi 24000 24000

St_allow, psi 24000 24000

J 1.985 1.9847

The G dimension in the ASME example problem did not account for the gasket
outside diameter.

Problem E6.1 - Postweld Heat Treatment of a Pressure Vessel

Module Variable PV Elite ASME PTB-3-2013

Top Head tr, in. 1.5699 1.5699

tr + c, in. 1.6949 1.6949

Cylindrical tr, in. 3.2342 3.2342


Shell

tr + c, in. 3.3592 3.3592

P, psig 1671.597 1671.597

Bottom Head tr, in. 1.5923 1.5923

tr + c, in. 1.7173 1.7173

P, psig 1673.140 1673.140

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Problem 8 - EN-13445 Nozzle Reinforcement


This example problem tests PV Elite EN 13445 nozzle calculations in accordance with the latest
edition of the EN 13445 code at the time of this writing. The sample problem benchmarks were
supplied by a third party European consultant. PV Elite automatically performs the nozzle
calculation in both the hoop direction and the longitudinal direction. The results for areas
required and available are in excellent agreement. This particular file ENNozzleTest.pvdb
contains all of the EN 13445 nozzle reinforcement calculation examples shown below and is
found in the <Installation Folder>\QA folder.

Example 01-A – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.093 1.09

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.435 2.43

Example 01-B – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.093 1.09

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.461 2.46

Example 01-C – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.266 1.27

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.823 2.82

Example 01-D – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.689 1.69

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.767 3.77

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Example 01-E – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.689 1.69

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.767 3.02

Example 01-F – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.617 1.62

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.385 3.39

Example 01-G – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.604 1.61

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.358 3.36

Example 01-H – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.789 1.79

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.741 3.75

Example 01-I – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.155 1.16

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.422 2.42

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Example 01-J – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.168 1.17

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.449 2.45

Example 01-K – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Transverse Pmax, MPa 1.724 1.72

Example 01-L – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle - Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.528 1.53


N1L-1
Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.745 3.49

Nozzle - Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.791 1.53


N1L-2
Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.491 3.49

Example 02-A – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.269 1.27

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.435 2.43

Example 02-B – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.765 1.76

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Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.381 3.38

Example 02-C – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.472 1.47

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.823 2.82

Example 02-D – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.967 1.97

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.767 3.77

Example 02-E – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.283 1.28

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.461 2.46

Example 02-F – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.779 1.78

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.408 3.41

Example 03-A – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 0.75 0.75

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Transverse Pmax, MPa 1.633 1.63

Example 03-B – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.112 1.21

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.404 2.62

Example 03-C – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.333 1.33

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.631 2.64

Example 03-D – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 0.825 0.83

Transverse Pmax, MPa 1.64 1.64

Example 03-E – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 0.99 0.99

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.449 2.45

Example 03-F – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.147 1.15

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Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.808 2.81

Example 03-G – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.528 1.53

Transverse Pmax, MPa 3.745 3.75

Example 03-H – Longitudinal and Transverse Maximum Pressure


Module Variable PV Elite Benchmark

Nozzle Longitudinal Pmax, MPa 1.791 1.53

Transverse Pmax, MPa 2.553 2.55

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Index

A P
Additional Manual Checks for Staff and Pipe and Pad Checks • 35
Beta Users • 12 Post-Development Procedures • 17
Pre-Shipping Procedures • 18
B Problem 1 - Natural Frequency Calculation •
41
Base Ring Checks • 35 Problem 2 - Example of Stiffening Ring
Beta Tests • 11 Calculation • 45
Problem 3 - Nozzle Reinforcement, Weld
C Strength, Weld Size • 48
CADWorx & Analysis Solutions Quality Problem 4 - Vessel under Internal and
Assurance • 7 External Pressure on Legs • 60
CodeCalc QA Checks • 19 Problem 5 - Vertical Vessel with Wind and
Cone Checks • 27 Seismic Loads • 70
Corrective Action Standard • 17 Problem 6 - Comparison against CAESAR
II • 79
Problem 7a - ASME Section VIII Division 1
D Sample Comparisons • 82
Disclaimer • 7 Problem 7b - ASME Section VIII Division 2
Distribution Control • 18 Sample Comparisons • 87
Problem 8 - EN-13445 Nozzle
F Reinforcement • 96
Flange Checks • 24 Product Support • 9
Floating Heads Checks • 28 PV Elite Development • 8
PV Elite Sample Benchmark Problem Sets •
41
H PV Elite Test Jobs • 16
Half-Pipe Check • 36
Horizontal Vessel Checks • 31 R
Rectangular Vessel Checks • 38
I
Intellectual Property Statement • 8 S
Introduction • 6, 19
Shell and Head Checks • 20
Software Issue Tracking/Resolution • 9
L Software Purpose • 7
Large Opening Checks • 37 Software Verification • 10
Leg and Lug • 31
T
M TEMA Tubesheets Checks • 33
Management/Organization • 8 Test Control • 10

N U
Nozzle Checks • 22 User Documentation • 8

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Index

W
WRC 107 Checks • 34

PV Elite and CodeCalc Verification and Quality Assurance Manual 103