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1. In a solution the substance that does the 8. The chemicals after a chemical change ______.

dissolving is called ______.


A. have properties identical to the chemicals before the
A. soluble change.
B. the solute B. have properties different to the chemicals before the
C. the solvent change.
D. an ion C. both A and B
D. none of the above
2. Water is a good solvent because ______.
9. Heptane is always composed of 84% carbon and 16%
A. Water is a good solvent because it is a hydrogen by mass. What law does this observation
negatively charged ion. illustrate?
B. Water is such a good solvent because it
repels most molecules. A. The Law of Multiple Proportions
C. Water is such a good solvent because it is B. The Law of Definite Proportions
such a small molecule. C. The Law of Conservation of Mass
D. Water is a good solvent due to its polarity
D. The Law of Conservation of Energy
and small molecular size.
10. Give the mass number for an atom that has 10 protons,
3. A solution that cannot hold any more solute at
10 electrons, and 11 neutrons.
room temperature would be ______.
A. 31
A. a dilute solution
B. 20
B. a concentrated solution
C. a saturated solution C. 10
D. a supersaturated solution D. 21

4. Ethanol dissolved in water would be an example For Numbers 11 and 12, refer to the following table:
of ______.
Mass before the Mass after the
Substance
A. a solution between two miscible liquids reaction (g) reaction (g)
B. a solution between a solid and liquid W 6.0 0.0
C. a suspension between two liquids Z 3.0 0.0
D. ethanol and water do not form a solution WZ 0.0 9.0

5. To form a supersaturated solution requires


11. How much of substance W will react with 9.0 g of
______.
substance Z?
A. reducing the amount of solute A. 9.0 g
B. increasing the amount of solute
B. 12.0 g
C. equal amounts of solute and solvent
C. 15.0 g
D. none of the above
D. 18.0 g
6. Which one of the following is an example of a
physical change? 12. The amount of substance WZ that will be produced from
12.0g of substance Z assuming that substance W is in
A. iron rusting excess is
B. a steak cooking
C. sugar dissolving in water A. 22.5 g
D. a candle burning B. 27.0 g
C. 31.5 g
7. Which one of the following is not a physical change? D. 36.0 g

A. clothes drying in the dryer 13. Which conditions will increase the rate of chemical
reaction?
B. making a cup of coffee
C. chopping wood
A. decreased temperature and decreased
D. boiling an egg concentration of reactants
B. decreased temperature and increased concentration 17. If the volume of a gas at a certain pressure is halved,
of reactants ______.
C. increased temperature and decreased concentration
of reactants A. its temperature is halved
D. increased temperature and increased concentration B. its temperature is doubled
of reactants C. its temperature remains constant
D. its temperature increases according to a geometric
14. When a lit match is touched to the wick of a candle, the progression
candle begins to burn. When the match is removed, the
candle continues to burn. In this reaction, the match 18. Which of the following graphs shows the temperature-
______. volume relationship for a gas? (T = temperature and V =
volume)
A. behaves as a catalyst
B. supplies activation energy A.
C. is part of the rate determining step
D. lowers the activation energy barrier

15. Compared to a glass of ice water with ice in it, a glass of


plain ice-cold water without ice on a warm day will
warm up ______.
B.
A. faster
B. slower
C. in the same amount of time
D. none of the above
3
16. The solubility of a substance was determined in 300 cm
water at different temperatures and the following is
part of the graph obtained:
C.

D.

3
In 150 cm water, how much of the substance will
dissolve at 75˚C?

A. 18 g
B. 20 g
C. 36 g
D. 40 g
19. Someone is wearing perfume on their wrist. Why can
For questions 17 and 18. people near them smell it?

Jacques Charles was a French hot air balloonist and A. The particles of perfume spread from an area of
scientist. He discovered Charles' law by studying the higher concentration, their wrist, to areas of lower
relationship between the volume and temperature of a gas at concentration, the air.
a constant atmospheric pressure. As the temperature of the B. People can smell the concentrated perfume on the
gas in a balloon increased, its volume also increased. These wrist, but it doesn't travel through the air.
increases inflated and lifted the balloon. C. Some of the perfume leaves the wrist, mixing with
In equation form, for the case of a constant air particles.
pressure: D. both A and C
V/T = constant
Questions 20 and 21 refer to the diagram that follows. B. the particles of a suspension will sink out if left over
time to rest
C. suspensions are clear
D. suspensions cannot be filtered

25. Lorna placed 1 kg of sandy soil and 1 kg clay soil into Pot
A and Pot B respectively. She then poured equal
volumes of water into each pot. After a day, it is
expected that ______.

A. Pot A will weigh more than Pot B


B. Pot B will weigh more than Pot A
C. Pot A and Pot B will weigh the same
D. Pot A will be wet and Pot B will be dry
20. After studying the illustration above, one may conclude
that ______. 26. Hydrogen and oxygen molecules in a gas sample have
the same temperature. This means the hydrogen
A. water molecules are attracted by the electrodes molecules, on the average, have the same ______.
B. sodium chloride dissociates when placed in water
C. chlorine ions are attracted to the negative electrode A. speed, but more kinetic energy.
D. current flow cause an increase in water temperature B. kinetic energy, but more speed.
C. kinetic energy, but less speed.
21. One may also conclude that ______. D. speed and the same kinetic energy.

A. only chlorine ions conduct current 27. Acids are substances that ______.
B. the solution will not conduct current
C. the closed circuit illustrated results in neutrality A. form hydronium ions when dissolved in water
D. when ions are present they are attracted to B. turn red litmus paper blue
electrodes having opposite electrical charges C. make foods taste bitter
D. react with neutral liquids to form bases
For questions 22 and 23, refer to the following diagrams.
28. Marinades for meat commonly include acids such as
vinegar or wine, because the acids can ______.

A. toughen meat
B. tenderize meat
C. preserve meat
D. react with salt

29. The basic requirement for the separation of the


22. From the illustration, one can conclude that ______. components by _______ is that the composition of the
vapor be different from the composition of the liquid at
A. cube A has the least weight the boiling point of the liquid.
B. cube C has the highest density
C. cube A has the highest density A. absorption
D. water has greater buoyant force than cube A B. distillation
C. extraction
23. Cube c sinks because ______. D. crystallization

A. it weighs much 30. Taken by itself, the fact that 8.0 g of oxygen and 1.0 g of
B. it displaces much water hydrogen combine to give 9.0 of water demonstrates
C. its weight is less than the weight of the water it has what natural law?
displaced
D. its weight is greater than the weight of the water it A. Multiple Proportions
has displaced B. Periodicity
C. Conservation of Mass
24. What factor distinguishes a suspension from a colloid? D. The Atomic Theory

A. light reflects off the particles of a suspension


31. What are the coefficients that will balance the formula 38. It represents the number of electrons at the outermost
equation below? energy level of the atom.
AlCl3 + NaOH Al(OH)3 + NaCl
A. neutrons C. valence
A. 1, 3, 1, 3 B. atomic mass D. atomic number
B. 3, 1, 3, 1
C. 1, 1, 1, 3 39. What’s the empirical formula of a molecule containing
D. 1, 3, 3, 1 65.5% carbon, 5.5% hydrogen, and 29.0% oxygen?

32. A hydrocarbon that contains one or more double bonds A. CH3O3 C. C6H6O
is classified as a(n) ______. B. C3H3O D. C3H6O

A. alkyne
B. alkene 40. The correct formula for potassium dichromate is _____.
C. ketone
D. alkane A. K2CrO7 C. K2CrO4
B. K2CrO3 D. KCrO4
33. When heat is absorbed by the system from the
surroundings, the process is said to be ______, and the 41. A Predict the molecular geometry of a compound with 4
sign of process is ______. bonding pairs and has no lone pair.

A. exothermic, negative A. tetrahedral C. linear


B. endothermic, positive B. trigonal planar D. octahedral
C. exothermic, positive
D. endothermic, negative 42. Which of the following is not a noble gas?

34. In the illustration below, A and B are liquids while C is a A. He C. Ar


solid. Which of the following is true? B. Xe D. N

43. An element X contains 20 protons, 5 neutrons and 20


electrons. The mass number of the element is _______.

A. 25 C. 5
B. 20 D. 40

44. A salt solution consists of 10 g of NaCl and 100 ml of


A. C is denser than both A and B. water. How many volume of water should be retained to
B. C is less than B but denser than A. make the solution five times more concentrated?
C. C is less dense than A but denser than B.
D. C has just about the same density as both A and B. A. 80 ml C. 500 ml
B. 20 ml D. 10 ml
35. Cn(H2O)n is the general formula of carbohydrates, if n =
3, find the number of H atom in the compound. 45. How many grams of sugar are present in 120 grams of
syrup containing 30% by mass of sugar?
A. 1 C. 6
B. 3 D. 12 A. 30 g C. 36 g
B. 40 g D. 60 g
36. One of the following does not contain the element
carbon.

A. charcoal C. ethanol
B. diamond D. water

37. Isotopes of an element have different ______________.

A. number of electrons C. number of neutrons


“Nobody said it was easy”….
B. number of protons D. all of the above
- Chris Martin, Coldplay

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