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UNIT 2

Health & medicine


SPEAKING  Extended speaking    page 18  12
ANSWERS
Topic focus 1 OK, I’d like to talk about …
2 She speaks in an informal style. This can be seen in the
2
frequent use of contractions and more conversational
ANSWERS language: really, actually, going out, too, all sorts of, the
1  C  2  A  3  B  4  D  good thing about, a lot of, as I said before, things, great,
good for, a bit.
Vocabulary 3 Yes, she pauses between prompts on the card. It would
3 be acceptable in the exam to refer to the prompts more
ANSWERS clearly, but this isn’t mandatory.
Positive (+): convenient, effective, beneficial, ideal, simple
Negative (–): demanding, repetitive, dull, expensive
LISTENING  Completing tables    page 20 
5
Topic focus
ANSWERS 1
1 effective (simple is also possible) 6 beneficial
2 ideal 7 dull ANSWERS
3 convenient 8 demanding A walking the dog E swimming
4 simple (convenient is also possible) 9 repetitive B playing the drums F running
5 expensive C chopping wood G riding a motorbike
D doing karate H scuba-diving
Grammar
EXAM TIP  
7
ANSWER
ANSWERS
The forms of other words in the same column of the table
1  b  2  d  3  e  4  a  5  c can help you to decide the type of word or number you
8 need.

ANSWERS Exam skills


1 while 4 as soon as 2
2 when 5 when
ANSWERS
3 Whenever
Gerund 5
9 Plural / uncountable noun 2, 3, 7, 10
Singular noun 9
ANSWERS
Third-person verb 6
The voice of Speaker A has relatively flat intonation;
Number 1, 4, 8
the voice of Speaker B has livelier intonation, rising on
interesting or important information and falling at the end 3
of the sentences. Speaker B communicates more effectively
ANSWERS
because Speaker B uses intonation to keep the listener’s
attention. 1 17.5 6 Releases
2 wood 7 pets
Exam skills 3 stomach muscles 8 281
11 4 704 9 motorbike
5 Scuba-diving 10 knees
ANSWERS
There are four prompts; the last prompt is less ‘factual’ than Vocabulary
the previous three and requires you to explain your opinions 5
(with reasons).
ANSWERS
EXAM TIP   1 reduce 4 motivate
ANSWER 2 relaxing 5 increases
Your first objective could be to speak for 25 seconds about 3 strengthens
the first prompt on the card.

Foundation IELTS Masterclass: Student’s Book Unit 2 Answer Key Photocopiable  © Oxford University Press 1
Exam practice 8
7 ANSWERS
ANSWERS 1 People buy more newspapers than magazines.
1 30 mins 4 Gary 2 People spend more (money) on holidays than clothes.
2 9.15 p.m. 5 Advanced yoga 3 Swedish employees get more holiday than Italian
3 Beach body workout 6 Ladies’ fitness employees.
4 In Ireland, they have less sunshine than in Spain.
8 5 Portuguese people earn less than French people do.
ANSWERS
Key phrases
1 identity card 3 plenty of fluid
9
2 paper towels 4 pair of headphones
ANSWERS
Study skills Describing similar ideas Also, Likewise,
ANSWERS Describing different ideas By comparison, On the
1  from  2  differ  3  differences other hand,
Describing additional ideas Also,
Describing a whole table or chart In general,
WRITING  Comparing sets Giving details To be specific,
of data    page 22  Giving final comments In conclusion,

Exam skills 10
3 ANSWERS
1 In general, 4 Similarly,
ANSWER
2 To be specific, 5 Also,
35%
3 In contrast, 6 In conclusion,
4
Exam skills
ANSWERS 11
1 F: 12-year-olds sleep more than 15-year-olds.
2 T ANSWER
3 F: Many 15-year-olds have less sleep than 12-year-olds. In all countries, women have more sleep problems than
4 F: Girls have less sleep than boys or a very similar amount men. People in South Africa, Vietnam, and Bangladesh have
of sleep. the most sleep problems. Indonesians and Indians have the
fewest sleep problems.
Grammar
12
5
ANSWER
ANSWERS
The writer is writing a general statement and they have
1  3 and 4   2  1 and 2
selected an appropriate phrase (in general) to introduce the
6 statement but then referred to one specific country.
ANSWERS EXAM TIP  
1 The chart confirms that 12-year-olds students sleep more ANSWER
than 15-year-old students. You should then compare and contrast these pieces of
2 Almost 80% of 12-years-olds have more than eight hours’ information.
sleep, whereas only 65% of 15-year-olds have more than
eight hours’ sleep.
3 There are approximately 12% more 15-year-olds who
sleep for just six or seven hours than 12-year-olds in that
category.
4 There are slightly more 15-year-olds who sleep for four
or five hours than 12-year-olds, but overall totals in both
groups are very small.
5 It should be noted that male students do not sleep more
than female students.
6 Although younger students sleep more than older
students, many students of both ages are not getting the
recommended hours of sleep.

7
ANSWERS
1  fewer  2  less  3  less  4  more  5  more

Foundation IELTS Masterclass: Student’s Book Unit 2 Answer Key Photocopiable  © Oxford University Press 2
READING  Sentence completion    page 24  Exam practice
9
Topic focus
ANSWERS
2 1 used to treat
2 dangerous
ANSWER
3 memories
3 4 physical power
EXAM TIP   5 robotic
6 Wearable
ANSWERS
1 start by deciding what part of speech it is What do you think?
2 use clues in the surrounding text (the ‘context’) 10
3 think of an easier word with the same meaning and see if
it makes sense in the sentence ANSWERS
1 healthy 4 improve
Exam skills 2 enhance 5 legal
3 3 medication
ANSWERS
2 noun 5 noun
3 adverb 6 noun
4 noun

4
ANSWERS
1 bad 4 eye
2 short 5 problem
3 man-made 6 improved

5
ANSWERS
13 Modafinil
11 Ritalin
41 muscle atrophy
12 ADHD
28 TDCS
26 strokes
39 anabolic steroids
14 narcolepsy

6
ANSWERS
T: Modafinil, Ritalin, TDCS, anabolic steroids
P: muscle atrophy, ADHD, strokes, narcolepsy

Vocabulary
8
ANSWERS
1 adjective (healthy)
2 adjective (focused)
3 plural noun (periods)
4 adverb (only)
5 noun (advances)

Foundation IELTS Masterclass: Student’s Book Unit 2 Answer Key Photocopiable  © Oxford University Press 3